Skip to main content

Full text of "Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey"

See other formats


J328 *^ Copy J 

M29U N. J. Manual of the Le^risla- 
bure of New Jersey 



1901 



copy 
^^ lature oi :^ew Jersey 



T1 



AUTHO 



I9OI 



TITLE 




New Jersey State Library 

Department of Education 

Trenton, New Jersey 08625 



(■■T fwitms tM u.*.*. 



M^i 




4**^' 



«-^^^A^ 



4^^:^ 



STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 



MANUAL 



Legislature of New Jersey 



1901 



One- Hundred and Twenty-Fifth Session. 

J 




-^>y*Uy 



BY AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATURE. 
Copyright, 1900, by T. F. Fitzgerald. 



Trenton, N. J. : 
T. F. Fitzgerald, Legislative Reporter, 

Compiler and Publisher. 



Entered according to act of Congress, in igoo, by 

THOMAS F. FITZGERALD. 

In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



jg®^ The newspaper press are welcome to use such parts of the 
work as they may desire, on giving credit therefor to the Manual. 



MacCrellish & Quigley, Printers, 
Trenton, N. J. 



Calendar for J 90 1. 



M 


1 


■ci 
g 


1 


4 

2 


i 

3 


1 


5 


1901 

July 


1 


1 


2 


11 


1 


ll 

6 


Jan. 






6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 




7 


8 


9 


1011 


12 


13 




13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 




14 


15 


16 


17 18 


19 


20 




20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 




21 


22 


23 


24 25 


26 


27 




27 


28 


29 


30 


31 








28 


29 


30 


31 ... 






Feb. 












1 


2 


Aug. 








... 1 


2 


3 




3 


4 





6 


7 


8 


9 




4 


5 


6 


7 8 


9 


10 




10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 




11 


12 


13 


14 15 


16 


17 




17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 




18 


19 


20 


21 22 


23 


24 




24 


2ii 


26 27 


28 








25 


26 


27 


28 29 


30 


31 


Mar. 












1 
8 


2 

9 


Sep. 














3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


1 


2 


3 


4 5 


6 


7 




10 


11 


12 13 


14 


15 


16 




8 


9 


10 


11 12 


13 


14 




17 


18 


19 20 


21 


22 


23 




15 


16 


17 


18 19 


20 


21 




24 


25 


26 27 


28 


29 


30; 




22 


23 


24 


25 26 


27 


28 


Apr. 


31 


1 


"2 "3 


"4 


"5 


"e 


Oct. 


29 


30 










1 


2 3 


4 


5 




7 


8 


9 10 


11 


12 


13 




6 


7 


8 


9 10 


11 


12 




14 


15 


16 17 


18 


19 


20 




13 


14 


15 


16 17 


18 


19 


' 


21 


22 


23 24 25 


26 


27 




20 


21 


22 


23 24 


25 


26 




28 


29 


30 












27 


28 


29 


30 31 






May 








1 


2 


3 


4 


Nov. 




... 


... 





1 


2 




5 


6 


7 8 


9 


10 


11 




3 


4 


5 


6 7 


8 


9 




12 


13 


14 15 


16 


17 


18 




10 


11 


12 


13 14 


15 


16 




19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25; 




17 


18 


19 


20 21 


22 


23 




26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






24 


25 


26 27 28 


29 


30 


June 


"i 


■3 


"4 




"7 


1 
8 


Dec. 














5 


6 


1 


2 3 


4 5 


6 


7 




9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 




8 


9 10 


11 12 


13 


14 




16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 




15 


16 17 


18 19 


20 


21 




23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 29 




22 


23 24 


25 26 


27 


28 




30 


-111. 










29 30 31 1 



PERPETUAL CALENDAR 

FOB ASCERTAINING THE DAY OF THE "WEEK FOR ANY YEAR 
BETWEEN 1700 AND 2499. 



Table of Dominical 
Letters. 



YEAR OF THE 
CENTURY, 




Month. 



Jan. Oct. 

Feb. Mar. Nov, 

Jan. Apr. July 

May 

June 

Feb. Aug. 

Sept. Dec. 



Dominical Letter. 



15 22 

16 23 

17 24 

18 25 

19 26 

20 27 

21 28 



A 


B 


c 


D 


E 


F 


\) 


E 


F 


G 


A 


B 


G 


A 


B 


G 


D 


K; 


B 


C 


D 


E 


F 


G 


E 


F 


(i 


A 


B 


C 


V, 


1) 


E 


F 


G 


A 


F 


G 


A 


B 


C 


D 


s 


s 


F 


Th 


W 


Tit 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


AV 


'I^TT 


M 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


w 


Tu 


^r 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tit 


M 


f 


H 


F 


Th 


W 


Tit 


s 


S 


F 


Th 


W 


Tu 


M 



M 
Tu 
W 
Th 

F 

S 

S 



EXPLANATIOX. 

Inder the Century, and in the line Mith 
the Year of the Century, is the Dominical 
Letter of the Year. Then in the line with 
the month find the column couiaining 
this letter; in this column, and in line 
with the day of the Month, is the day of 
the Week. In Leap Years, the letters for 
January and February are in the lines 
where these mouths are printed in Italics. 

EXA3IPI.es. 

For December 31st, 1875 : for 1875, the 
letter is C ; under C, in a line with 31, is 
Friday; and for Januai~y 1st, 1876, the 
letter is A ; under A, and in a line with 
1, is Saturday. 



OUTLINE HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 



Within the limits of what is now the State of New Jer- 
sey, aside from any evidences of the presence of prehis- 
toric man in the "Trenton Gravels," the original inhabi- 
tants of the commonwealth were Lenni Lenape. or Dela- 
ware, Indians. This subdivision of the great Algonkin 
family occupied the river valleys of the State, had made 
some progress in agriculture and in elementary arts, were 
peaceable but small in numbers, and at last have become 
totally extinct in this portion of the United States. 

In its settlement. New Jersey was not an English colony. 
The claims of the Crowm, based upon early discovery and 
various grants, were totally ignored by two great com- 
mercial nations of Europe— Holland and Sweden. It was 
•not until 1664, practically a half century after the first 
occupancy of New Jersey by a white man, that England 
had aught more than a slight influence upon the destinies 
of the State. In settlement, Holland was first to send out 
planters, under the auspices of the Dutch West India 
Company. Claiming both the valleys of the Hudson and 
the Delaware, by virtue of the explorations of Hudson and 
Mey, land was taken up upon the banks of the Hudson, 
Passaic, Hackensack, Raritan and smaller streams tribu- 
tary to New York harbor, as well as at Gloucester upon 
the Delaware. By 1630 these claims were well established 
by occupancy, and by the creation of a centre of local 
government in what is now New York city. Upon the 
rapidly growing influence of Holland, Sweden looked with 
jealous eye. Gustavus Adolphus, in his plan to make 
Sweden a world-power, saw the Dutch to be dangerous 
rivals in America. In 1638 there was equipped a Swedish 
expedition to settle the valley of the Delaware. What 
is now the State of Delaware, the valle^r of the Schuylkill 
and isolated portions of the west bank of the Delaware 
River were occupied, civil and military government was 
established, and the colony of farmers and traders entered 
upon a brief career of prosperity. The death of Gustavus 
Adolphus, internal dissentions in Sweden, the inherent 
weakness of the Delaware settlements, and the constantly 
increasing power of Holland brought matters to a crisis. 
In 1655 New Sweden was conquered by New Netherlands, 
(7) 



8 HISTORY OF NICW JERSEY. 

and for njne years the soil of Nfw Jersey was absolutely 
under Dutch control. 

EmersinK from tho interregnum of the Cromwells. the 
restoration of the House of Stuart brought peace to Eng- 
land. On the 12th of March. Ifi64, Charles IT., with royal 
disregard for previous patents, grants and charters, deeded 
to his brother James, Duke of York, a vast tract embrac- 
ing much of New England, New York and all of what i? 
now New Jersey. This was accompanied by active prep- 
arations to drive the Dutch from America, as they, in 
alien claims to New Jersey, practically separated the New 
England colonies from Virginia. Maryland and the Caro- 
linas. In the summer of 1664 armed vessels appeared in 
New York harbor. After negotiations, the Dutch sur- 
rendered and the power of Holland in North America be- 
came simply a matter of history. In the meantime James. 
Duke of York, transferred to two favorites of the House 
of Stuart— John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret— 
practically what is now the State of New Jersey. In 
honor of Carteret's defense of the Island of Jersey (Cae- 
sarea) during the Parliamentary wars, the territory was 
called New Jersey (Nova Caesarea). 

Carteret and Berkeley, in granting a liberal frame of 
government and extolling the advantages of their colony 
so well located for agricvilture, commerce, fishing and 
mining, attracted settlers not only from England, but 
from Scotland and New England, particularly Long Island 
and Connecticut. These planters were largely Calvinists, 
from Presbyterian and Congregational communities, and 
mainly occupied land in Newark, Elizabeth and upon the 
north shore of Monmouth county. The valley of the Dela- 
ware remained unsettled. The Calvinists brought into 
East Jersey distinctive views upon religious and civil mat- 
ters. Early legislatures punished many crimes by death, 
the penalties being similar to those of the Jewish dispen- 
sation, while the "town-meeting" strengthened the indi- 
vidual action of the small communities. There was an 
intense individualism in every phase of political and relig- 
ious development, the life of the people centering around 
the church and the school house, the head of both, as in 
New England, being the minister. 

In 1676 a division of the interests of Carteret and Berke- 
ley occurred. In the meantime Berkeley had disposed of 
his rights to a company of English Quakers, a conflict had 
ensued, and to establish the claims of all parties concerned, 
the two colonies of East and West Jersey came into 
existence. A line was drawn from a point in Little Egg 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY 9 

Harbor to the Delaware Water Gap, Berkeley and his 
assigns retaining West Jersey as their moiety. Carteret 
obtaining- East Jersey. 

By Berkeley's transfer the dominant Influence in West 
Jersey was that of the Society of Friends. Salem was 
settled in 1675, Burlington, Gloucester and the site of Tren- 
ton about five years later, while within ten years there- 
after the "shore" communities of Cape May and Tucker- 
ton came into existence. The Society of Friends estab- 
lished in West Jersey a series of communities in which 
the life of the people was different from that of East Jer- 
sey. As East Jersey resembled New England in civil gov- 
ernment, so West Jersey resembled Virginia. The political 
and social centres of the large plantations were the shire- 
towns, slave owning was common, a landed aristocracy 
was established, prominent families intermarried, and 
under the advice of William Penn and his friends good 
faith was kept with the Indians. Capital punishment was 
practically unknown and disputes were settled frequently 
by arbitration. 

Two elements of discord marked the genesis of East Jer- 
sey and of West Jersey. One, external, was the attitude 
of the Duke of York after he became James II. In 1673 
New Jersey was recaptured by the Dutch, who held the 
colony until the early spring of 1674. A question arose as 
to the Duke of York's title after 1674, reconveyances were 
made, but in spite of past assurances. James II. claimed 
the proprietary right of government. To that end Sir Ed- 
mund Andros was commissioned Governor of New Jersey, 
and a climax was reached in 1680 when the proprietary 
governor of East Jersey was carried prisoner to New York. 
In 1681 the Crown recognized the justice of the proprietors' 
contention, and local government w^as re-established, but 
not before the seeds of discontent were sown that bore 
fruit in the Revolutionary War. 

An internal disturbance was a contest between the 
Boards of Proprietors and the small land owners. Both 
in East and West Jersey, Carteret and Berkeley and their 
assigns had transferred to wealthy combinations of capi- 
talists—most of whom were non-residents— much of the 
broad acreage of the colonies. With the land went the 
right of selection of Governors and of members of Execu- 
tive Councils, which right Berkeley and Carteret had 
derived from the Crown. This, with "quit-rent" agita- 
tions in East Jersey, led to much bitterness. Finally, dis- 
gusted with turmoil, and viewing a sentiment of revolt 
on the part of the people, the Boards of Proprietors sur- 



10 IIJSTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

ii'iideivd to the Crown, in 1702, their rights of government, 
retaining only their interest in the soil, East and West 
Jersey were united, and the two provinces became the 
royal colony of New Jersey. 

From 1702 until the outbreak of the Revolution the polit- 
ical history of the colony was quite uneventful. Through- 
out the period of seventy-five years there was almost con- 
stant friction between the Legislature and the Governor 
and his Council. The governors, in the main, were Crown 
favorites sent over the sea without a personal knowledge 
of the colony and with but an ill-concealed ambition to 
wrest from the people as much money as could be secured 
for the support of themselves and the executive office. 
The Councils, composed of wealthy land ow'ners of the 
Society of Friends and rich merchants from East Jersey, 
were quiescent, and even the members of the popular 
branch of the Legislature were chosen by those possessing 
property qualifications. The small non-voting farmers 
raised the cry of "aristocracy," and the equivalent of 
"taxation without representation," and while loyal to the 
Crown were open in their expressions of dissatisfaction 
to the personal attitude of their governors. In 173S New 
Jersey, in recognition of this sentiment, was given a gov- 
ernor separate from the one appointed jointly for the colo- 
nies of New York and New Jersey. 

During this period the farm was the centre of the activi- 
ties of the life of the people; particularly was this true in 
the western part of the colony, where favoring climate 
and soil, slave labor and the proximity of Philadelphia led 
to abundant crops and a good market. In East Jersey a 
commercial spirit was more active. Perth Amboy threat- 
ened to rival New York, and Jersey ships from Newark, 
Elizabeth and the Monmouth villages were to be found 
from Boston to Charleston. The repressive economic 
policy of the Crown precluded the development of manu- 
factures. In the southern part of the State, sand and un- 
limited forests of oak and pine led to the development of 
glass making, while "bog iron," with abundance of lime 
from oyster shells, gave an impetus to the erection of 
forges and bloomaries. These, as well as the copper mines 
of the trap rock region, were throttled by adverse Parlia- 
mentary legislation. Ship building was a recognized in- 
dustry, and cedar was extensively "mined" from the 
sunken forests of the tide-water district. Whaling and 
other fisheries were unhampered, and were profitable, as 
was also the trade in skins and in hay from t)ie salt 
meadows of the coast. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. U 

Throughout the years from 1702 to 1776 gold and silver 
and copper money was scarce. In obedience to the de- 
mand of the English merchants that competition should 
be crushed, legislation was enacted to draw "hard" money 
away from the colony. An inflated paper currency, first 
issued in 1707 to provide ways and means to aid the Cana- 
dian expedition against the French, poured from the 
printing- presses. Trade was reduced to barter, and gold. 
silver and copper were practically at a premium for nearly 
three generations. 

Of the more prominent incidents during the period were 
the organized attempts to suppress piracy in New York 
and Delaware bays, the growth of a well-defined system 
of transportation by land and water between New York 
and Philadelphia, the establishment of ferries and post 
roads, the reclamation of waste land, the injection of 
Hugenot, Scotch-Irish and Palatinate German elements 
into the settled population, the chartering of Princeton 
University and Rutgers College, the religious revival led 
by Whitefield. the propogation of abolition doctrines by 
Wooiman. the erection of a series of barracks owing to the 
French and Indian war, and what is probably of supreme 
importance, the growth of a sentiment of independence 
fostered by the stupid policy of the Crown, and carried 
from hamlet to hamlet, as much by itinerant hawkers and 
by "Redemptioners," who had served their time, as by any 
other cause. 

The opening of the Revolution found New Jersey's senti- 
ment unevenly crystalized. Few, if any, were favoring 
absolute independence. There were three elements. One, 
the Tory party, was led by Governor William Franklin, 
the illegitim.ate sen of Benjamin Franklin. This conserva- 
tive class embraced nearly all the Episcopalians, a vast 
proportion of the non-combatant members of the Society 
of Friends and some East Jersey Calvinists. Another ele- 
ment was composed of men of various s'hades of belief, 
some in favor of continual protest, others desirous of com- 
promise. This included at the outbreak of the struggle 
most of the Calvinists, some few Quakers of the younger 
generation, and the Scotch-Irish. The third party drew 
its support fi'om a few bold, aggressive spirits of influence 
whose following included men who believed that war 
for independence would benefit their fortunes. 

The part played in the Revolution bj^ New Jersey has 
been frequently told. Events passed rapidly after the 
affairs of Trenton and Princeton; Monmouth and Red Bank 
will never be forgotten, while the raids at Salem, Spring- 



12 HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 

field, Elizabeth, in the valley of the Hackensaok, and the 
winter at Monistown are a part of national history. Oc- 
cupying a position between New York and Philadelphia, 
its soil was a theatre where the drama of war was always 
presented. At no time was the Tory element suppressed, 
finding- its expression in open hostility, or in the barbaric 
cruelties of the "Pine Robbers" of Monmouth, Burlington, 
Gloucester and Salem counties. Though under suspicion, 
the Society of Friends were neutral, for conscience sake, 
remaining close to the teachings of their creed. 

The close of the struggle found the people of New Jersey 
jubilant and not disposed to relinquish their sovereignty. 
The Articles of Confederation were weak and had become 
a by-word and a jest. There was much State pride and 
much aristocratic feeling among the old families who con- 
tinued to dominate State politics. The Constitution of 1776, 
adopted by New Jersey as a makeshift war measure, pro- 
vided that all State officers of prominence should be elected 
by a Legislature, which was chosen by voters possessing 
property qualifications. As in the colony, the Gov^ernor 
was Chancellor, and class distinctions were closely drawn. 
In spite of agitation, all proposed changes were rejected, 
and a strong federal union with the other States was 
viewed with dislike and suspicion. The State, in a quarrel 
with New York, at one time refused to obey the requests 
of Congress, and, in the exercise of her sovereignty, estab- 
lished a Court of Admiralty and coined money. 

While the spirit of "State rights" was dominant, it was 
recognized by leaders of public thought that New Jersey 
was too weak to stand aione. She entered the Annapolis 
convention called to revise the Articles of Confederation, 
and whose lasting monument was the present Federal 
Constitution adopted in Philadelphia in 1787. Upon the 15th 
of June of that year the "New Jersey Plan" was pre- 
sented, which, while lost as a measure, led to the famous 
compromise upon representation, whereby in the Senate 
of the United States the States were given equal vote, with 
a representation based on population in the House. 

The adoption of the Constitution of the United States 
led to the rapid growth of political parties in New Jersey 
as elsewhere. In spite of the intense conservatism of the 
State, led by the Quakers of West Jersey, who were Fed- 
eralists almost to a man, the anti-Federalist sentiment de- 
veloped rapidly, spurred by a virulent party press, the 
death of men who had been trained in colonial methods of 
thought and the democratic tendency of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, which grew in strength in West Jersey. 



HISTORY OF NEW JERSEY. 13 

In the eastern part of the State there was among the indi- 
vidualistic Calvinists a strong anti-Federal spirit. This, 
in ISOO, led to the election of Thomas Jefferson as President 
of the United States, and in ISOl the election of his political 
ally, Joseph Bloomfield, as Governor of the State of New- 
Jersey. The death of Hamilton at the hands of Burr, and 
the death of Livingston, the "war" Governor, tore down 
fhe strongest pillars of Federalism in New Jersey, and led 
to the absolute domination of the State by the anti-Feder- 
alists, who held power until the outbreak of the second war 
with England. 

The period from 1700 to 1812 in New Jersey was marked 
by a demand for internal improvements and better trans- 
portation. The agitation concerning the Delaware and 
Raritan Canal, Stevens' experiments in 1802 with steam, 
along the lines laid down in 1785 by Fitch, the project of 
the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures at Pat- 
erson as early as 1791, and highways conducted through the 
northwest portion of the State, indicate the trend of public 
sentiment. 

The second war with England was not altogether a pop- 
ular measure in New Jersey. The Federalists, the "Peace 
Partj'," secured control of the Legislature and elected 
their Governor. Nevertheless the State furnished her 
quota of troops. The one permanent effect of the struggle 
upon the State was indirect. Owing to the movement of 
supplies and the necessity of quick transportation between 
Philadelphia and the exposed port of New York, the wagon 
roads between Bordentown and Perth Amboy, and between 
Trenton, New Brunswick, Metuchen, Rahway, Elizabeth 
and Newark, were improved and their advantages as 
"short routes" demonstrated. Upon these lines two later 
railroads, now a part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, 
were constructed. 

The era following the close of the war of 1812 until the 
opening of the Civil War was one of stupendous activity. 
Interrupted only by the financial depressions of 1817 and 
1837, and slightly retarded by the Mexican War, the pro- 
gress of the State was beyond the wildest dreams of the 
enthusiast, Alexander Hamilton. In the eastern part of 
the State, aided by a constantly increasing foreign popula- 
tion, Jersey City rose from the marshes, Newark grew 
toward her present greatness, Paterson became a centre 
of industry, while in the west, Camden was recognized as 
an available site for manufactures. The public school 
system was established and extended, reforms in the car- 
ing for the criminal, defective, delinquent and dependent 



14 T>TST OF GOVERNORS. 

classes were instituted, railroads were reaching every town 
of size, in the vicinity of New York and Philadelphia, fer- 
ries were erected, banks established, post offices opened 
and newspapers printed. In 1844, when social unrest was 
most marked, the present State Constitution was adopted 
by a large popular majority and needed reforms tending to 
elevate the legal position of married women, imprisoned 
debtors and bankrupts were adopted. 

The year 1860 brought a termination to the then impend- 
ing conflict. While every other State north of Mason and 
Dixon's line by 1850 had set the black man free, there were 
still 236 negroes in bondage in New Jersey. The abolition 
movement made slow progress and an anti-war party had 
a decided following. But when the die was cast New Jer- 
sey responded to the call for men and money. She fur- 
nished 88,305 men, or within 10,501 of her entire militia. For 
organizing, subsisting, supplying, supporting and trans- 
porting her troops she paid $2,894,385, and upon the field 
sustained the reputation for bravery she had won during 
the days of Trenton and Monmouth. 

Since the Civil War New Jersey has become the centre 
of marvelous activity in nearly every line of human pro- 
gress. Her mills clothe multitudes; within her borders are 
found the termini of every railroad system of the United 
States, with one exception, penetrating the South and 
West; her market gardens feed 5,000,000 people; a series of 
cities arisen upon the desolate sands of the sea shore fur- 
nish health and pleasure to hundreds of thousands of vis- 
itors; her mines supply iron, zinc and copper; her fisheries 
are world-famous, and her farms and dairies are models. 



CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF GOVERNORS OF NEW JERSEY. 

GOVERNORS OF EAST JERSEY. 

Philip Carteret 1665 to 1681 

Robert Barclay 1682 to 1683 

Thomas Rudyard, Deputy Governor 1683 

Ga wen Laurie 1683 

Lord Niel Campbell 1685 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse 1698 to 1699 

GOVERNORS OF WEST JERSEY. 

Samuel Jenings, Deputy 1681 

Thomas Oliver, Governor 1684 to 1685 

John Skein, Deputy 1685 to 1687 



LIST OF GOVERNORS. 15 

William Welsh, Deputy 16S6 

Daniel Coxe. Governor ^ 1687 

Andrew Hamilton 1692 to 1697 

Jeremiah Basse, Deputy 1697 to 1699 

Andrew Hamilton, Governor, 1699 till surrender 

to the Crown 1702 

EAST AND WEST JERSEY UNITED. 

Edward, Lord Cornbury, Governor 1703 to 1708 

John, Lord Lovelace (died in office) 170S 

Richard Ingoldsby,, Lieutenant-Governor 1709 to 1710 

General Robert Hunter 1710 to 1719 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1719 to 1720 

William Burnet 1720 to 1727 

John Montgomerie 1728 to 1731 

Lewis Morris (President of Council) 1731 to 1732 

William Crosby 1732 to 1736 

John Anderson (President of Council) 1736 

John Hamilton (President of Council) 1736 to 1738 

(The foregoing were also Governors of New York at the 
same time.) 

SEPARATE FROM NEW YORK. 

Lewis Morris 1738 to 1746 

John Hamilton (.President of Council) 1746 to 1747 

John Reading (President of Council) 1747 

Jonathan Belcher 1747 to 1757 

Thomas Pow^nall, Lieutenant-Governor 1757 

John Reading (President of Council) 1757 to 1758 

Francis Bernard 1758 to 1760 

Thomas Boone 1760 to 1761 

Josiah Hardy 1761 to 1763 

William Franklin 1763 to 1776 

FROM THE ADOPTION OF THE STATE CONSTI- 
TUTION. 

William Livingston (Federalist) 1776 to 1790 

William Paterson (Federalist) 1790 to 1792 

Richard Howell (Federalist) 1792 to 1801 

Joseph Bloomfield (Dem.ocrat) ISOl to 1802 

John Lambert, President of Council and Acting 

Governor (Democrat) 1S02 to 1803 

Joseph Bloomfield (Democrat) 1S03 to 1812 

Aaron Ogden (Federalist) 1813 to 1813 

William S. Pennington (Democrat) 1813 to 1S15 

Mahlon Dickerson (Democrat) 181? to 1817 

Isaac H. Williamson (Federalist) 1SJ7 to 1829 



\C^ TJST OF GOVIOKNOIIS. 

Garret D. Wall (Democrat) 1WH fled'c] 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1J<29 to 1832 

Samuel L. Southard (Whig) 18:52 to 1833 

Elias P. Seeley (Whig) 1833 to 1833 

Peter D. Vroom (Democrat) 1833 to 1836 

Philemon Dickerson (Democrat) 1836 to 1837 

William Pennington (Whig) 1837 to 1843 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1843 to 1844 

Charles C. Stratton (Whig) 1845 to 1848 

Daniel Haines (Democrat) 1848 to 1851 

George F. Fort (Democrat) 1851 to 1854 

Rodman M. Price (Democrat) 1854 to 1857 

William A. Newell (Republican) 1857 to 1860 

Charles S. Olden (Republican) 1860 to 1863 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1863 to 1866 

Marcus L. Ward (Republican) 1866 to 1869 

Theodore F. Randolph (Democrat) 1869 to 1872 

Joel Parker (Democrat) 1872 to 1875 

Joseph D. Bedle (Democrat) 1875 to 1878 

George B. McClellan (Democrat) 1878 to 1881 

George C. Ludlow (Democrat) 1881 to 1884 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1SS4 to 1887 

Robert S. Green (Democrat) 1887 to 1890 

Leon Abbett (Democrat) 1890 to 1893 

George T. Werts (Democrat) 1893 to 1896 

John W. Griggs (Republican) 1896 to 1898 

Foster M. Voorhees (Rep.), Acting Governor... 

Feb. 1, '98. to Oct. 18, '98 

David O. Watkins (Rep.), Acting Governor 

Oct. 18, '98, to Jan. 16, '99 
*Foster M. Voorhees (Republican) 1899 to 



*President of the Senate William M. Johnson served as 
Acting Governor from May 21 to June 19. 1900, when Gov- 
ernor'Voorhees was absent from the State. 



IGNITED STATES SENATORS. 17 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



The following is a list of the United States Senators for 
New Jersey from 1789 to date: 

Jonathan Elmer, March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791. 
William Paterson, March 4, 1789, to November 23. 1790. 
Philemop Dickinson, November 23, 1790, to March 3, 1793. 
John Rutherford. March 4, 1791, to December 5, 1798. 
Frederick Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1793, to November 12, 

1796. 
Richard Stockton, November 12, 1796, to March 3, 1799. 
Franklin Davenport, December 5, 1798, to February 14, 1799. 
James Schureman, February 14, 1799, to February 26, 1801. 
Jonathan Dayton, March 4, 1799, to March 3, 1805. 
Aaron Ogden, February 26, 1801. to March 3. 1803. 
John Condit, September 1, 1803, to March 3. 1809. 
Aaron Kitchell. March 4, 1805, to March 21. 1809. 
John Lambert, March 4, 1809, to March 3, 1815. 
John Condit, March 21, 1809. to March 3, 1817. 
James Jefferson Wilson, March 4, 1815. to January 26, 1821. 
Mahlon Dickerson, March 4, 1817, to March 3. 1829. 
Samuel L. Southard, January 26, 1821, to November 12, 1823. 
Joseph Mcllvaine, November 12, 1823, to November 10, 1826. 
Ephraim Bateman, November 10, 1826, to January 30, 1829. 
Theodore Frelinghuysen, March 4, 1829, to March 3, 1835. 
Mahlon Dickerson, January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833. 
Samuel L. Southard, March 4, 1833, to June 26, 1842. 
Garret D. Wall, March 4. 1835, to March 3, 1841. 
Jacob W. Miller, March 4. 1841. to March 3. 1853. 
William L. Dayton, July 2, 1842, to March 3, 1851. 
Jacob W. Miller. January 4, 1841. to March 3. 1853. 
Robert F. Stockton. March 4. 1851. to February 11, 1853. 
William Wright, March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1859. 
John R. Thomson (died), February 11, 1853, to December, 

1862. 
Richard S. Field (vacancy), December 12, 1862, to January 

13, 1863. 
John C. Ten Eyck, from March 17, 1859, to March 3, 1865. 
James W. Wall (vacancy), January 14, 1863, to March 3, 1863. 
W^illiam Wright. March 4. 1863. to November. 1866. 
F. T. Frelinghuvsen, November, 1866, to March 3. 1869. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1865, to March 27. 1866. 
Alexander G. Cattell, March 27. 1866. to March 3. 1871. 
John P. Stockton. March 4. 1869, to March 3. 1875. 
F. T. Frelinghuysen, March 4. 1871. to March 3. 1877. 
T. F. Randolph, March 4, 1875, to March 3, 1881. 
John R. McPherson, March 4, 1877. to March 3, 1895. 
William J. Sewell. March 4. 1881, to March 3. 1887. 
Rufus Blodgett. March 4. 1887. to March 3, 1893. 
James Smith. Jr.. March 4. 1893. to March 3. 1899. 

William J. Sewell. March 4, 1895, to . 

John Kean, March 4, 1899, to . 



18 DECLARATKJN OF IXDEPRNDENCE. 

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES. 



When, in the course of human events, it becomes neces- 
sary for one people to dissolve the political bands which 
have connected them with another, and to assume, among 
the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to 
which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, 
a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that 
they should declare the causes which impel them to the 
separation. 

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with 
certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, lib- 
erty and the pursuits of happiness. That, to secure these 
rights, governments are instituted among men. deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the governed: that 
whenever any form of government becomes destructive of 
these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish 
it, and to institute a new government, laying its founda- 
tions on such principles, and organizing its powers in such 
form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that 
governments long established should not be changed for 
light and transient causes; and accordingly, all experience 
hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, 
while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by 
abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But, 
when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing in- 
variably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them 
under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, 
to throw off such government, and to provide new guards 
for their future security. Such has been the patient suffer- 
ance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which 
constrains them to alter their former systems of govern- 
ment. The history of the present king of Great Britain is 
a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having, 
in direct object, the establishment of an absolute tyranny 
over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to 
a candid world: 

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome 
and necessary for the public good. 



DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 19 

He has forbidden his Governors to pass laws of imme- 
diate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their 
operations till his assent should be obtained; and when so 
suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. 

He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation 
of large districts of people, unless those people would re- 
linquish the right of representation in the Legislature— a 
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only. 

He has called together legislative bodies at places un- 
usual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of 
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them 
into compliance with his measures. 

He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for 
opposing, with manly firmness, his invasions on the rights 
of the people. 

He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, 
to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative 
powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the 
people at large for their exercise; the State remaining, in 
the meantime, exposed to all the dangers of invasions from 
without, and convulsions within. 

He has endeavored to prevent the population of these 
States; for that pitrpose, obstructing the laws for the nat- 
uralization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to en- 
courage their migration hither, and raising the conditions 
of new appropriations of lands. 

He has obstructed the administration of justice, by re- 
fusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. 

He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the 
tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of 
their salaries. 

He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither 
swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their 
substance. 

He has kept among us in times of peace, standing armies, 
without the consent of our Legislatures. 

He has affected to render the military independent of, 
and superior to, the civil power. 

He has combined, with others, to subject us to a jurisdic- 
tion foreign to our constitutions, and unacknowledged by 
our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended leg- 
islation: 

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us; 

For protecting them, by a mock trial, from punishment, 
for any murders which they should commit on the inhab- 
itants of these States; 

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world; 



20 DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE. 

For imposing taxes on us without our ronsont; 

For cleprivinj? us, in ni;iny cases, of the l)enefit of trial by 
jury; 

For transporting- us heyond seas to be tried for pretenderl 
offenses; 

For abolishing- the free system of English laws in a 
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary 
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render 
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing 
the same absolute rule into these colonies; 

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valu- 
able laws, and altering, fundamentally, the forms of our 
governments; 

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring 
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all 
cases whatsoever. 

He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out 
of his protection, and waging war against us. 

He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned 
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. 

He is, at this time, transporting large armies of foreign 
mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and 
tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty and 
perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and 
totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation. 

He has constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive on 
the high seas, to bear arms against their country, to be- 
come the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to 
fall themselves by their hands. 

He has excited domestic insurrection among us, and has 
endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the 
merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is 
an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and con- 
ditions. 

In every stage of these oppressions, we have petitioned 
for redress, in the most humble terms; our repeated peti- 
tions have been answered only by repeated injury. A 
prince whose character is thus marked by every act which 
may define a tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 

Nor have we been v.'anting in our attentions to our Brit- 
ish brethren. We have warned them, from time to time, of 
attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable 
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the cir- 
cumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We 
have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, 
and we have conjured them, by the ties of our common 
kindred, to disavow these usurpations, which would inev- 



DECLARATION OP INDEPENDENCE. 



21 



itably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They, 
too, have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consan- 
guinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, 
which denounces our separation, and hold them, as we 
hold the rest of mankind, enemies in war, in peace, friends. 
Vv'e, therefore, the representatives of the United States 
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to 
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our 
intentions, do. in the name and by the authority of the 
good people of these colonies, solemnly publish and de- 
clare, that these United Colonies are, and of right ought 
to be. Free and Independent States; that they are also ab- 
solved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that 
all political connection between them and the State of 
Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; and 
that, as Free and Independent States, thej^ have full power 
to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish 
commerce, and do all other acts and things which Inde- 
pendent States may of right do. And, for the support of 
this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of 
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other, our 
lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor. 

JOHN HANCOCK. 



Georgia- 
Button Gwinnett. 
Lyman Hall. 
Geo. Walton. 

South Carolina- 
Edward Rutledge. 
Thos. Hayward, Jr. 
Thomas Lynch, Jr. 
Arthur Middleton. 

Virginia- 
George Wythe. 
Richard Henry Lee. 
Thos. Jefferson. 
Benjan. Harrison. 
Thos. Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. 
Carter Braxton. 

Delaware — 

Caesar Rodney. 
Geo. Read. 

New Jersey— 

Richd. Stockton. 
Jno. Witherspoon. 
Fras. Hopkinson. 
John Hart. 
Abra. Clark. 



Maryland- 
Samuel Chase. 
Wm. Paca. 
Thos. Stone. 
Charles Carroll, 

of CarroUton. 

Pennsylvania— 
Robt, Morris. 
Benjamin Rush. 
Benja. Franklin. 
John Morton. 
Thomas McKean, 
Geo. Clymer. 
Jas. Smith. 
Geo. Taylor. 
James ^S^ilson. 
Geo. Ross. 

New York— 
Wm. Floyd. 
Phil. Livingston. 
Fran's Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. 

New Hampshire— 
Josiah Bartletl. 
Wm. Whipple. 
Matthew Thornton. 



22 DECLARATION OK INDKPKNDIONCE. 

Massachusetts Bay— Rhode Island and Provi- 

Saml. Adams. dence, &c. — 

John Adams. Step. Hopkins. 

Robt. Treat Paine. William Ellery. 

Elbridge Gerry. Connecticut- 
North Carolina- Roger Sherman. 

Wm. Hooper. Saml. Huntington. 

Joseph Hewes. Wm. Williams. 

John Penn. Oliver Wolcott. 

Ordered: IN CONGRESS, January 18, 1777. 

That an authenticated copy of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendency, with the names of the Members of Congress 
subscribing the same, be sent to each of the United States, 
and that they be desired to have the same put on record. 

By order of Congress. JOHN HANCOCK, 

Attest, Chas. Thomson, A true copy. President. 

Secy. John Hancock, 

Presidt. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 23 

CONSTITUTION 

OF THE 

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.* 



We. the people of the United States, in order to form a 
more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tran- 
quillity, provide for the common defense, promote the gen- 
eral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to our- 
selves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Con- 
stitution of the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 

LEGISLATIVE POWERS. 
Section I. 
All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a 
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a 
Senate and House of Representatives. 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. 
Section II. 

1. The house of representatives shall be composed of 
members chosen evtry second year by the people of the 
several States; and the electors in each State shall have 
the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numer- 
ous branch of the State legislature. 

MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. 

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have 
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven 
years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, 
when elected, be an inhabitant of that State in which he 
shall be chosen. 

RULE OF APPORTIONING REPRESENTATIVES 
AND DIRECT TAXES. 

o. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned 
among the several States which may be included within 

*This Constitution went into operation on the first Wed- 
nesday in March, 1785*. 



24 CUNSTITUTJON OF THE U. S. 

this Union, according to their respective numbers, which 
shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free 
persons, including those bound to service for a term of 
years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all 
other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made 
within three years after the first meeting of the congress 
of the United States, and within every subsequent term 
of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. 
The number of representatives shall not exceed one for 
every thirty thousand, but each State shall have at least 
one representative; and until such enumeration shall be 
made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to 
choose three; Massachusetts, eight; Rhode Island and 
Providence Plantations, one; Connecticut, five; New York, 
six; New Jersey, four; Pennsylvania, eight; Delaware, 
one; Maryland, six; Virginia, ten; North Carolina, five; 
South Carolina, five; and Georgia, three. 

FILLING OF VACANCIES. 

4. When vacancies happen in the representation of any 
State, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of 
election to fill such vacancies. 

OFFICERS— IMPEACHMENT. 

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker 
and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im- 
peachment. 

SENATE— HOW COMPOSED. 

Section III. 

1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of 

two senators from each State, chosen by the legislature 

thereof, for six years, and each senator shall have one 

vote. 

ROTATION OF SENATORS. 

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse- 
quence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally 
as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of 
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the 
second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the 
fourth year; and of the third class, at the expiration of 
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every 
second year. And if vacancies happen by resignation, or 
otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any 
State, the executive thereof may make temporary appoint- 
ments until the next meeting of the legislature, which 
shall then fill such vacancies. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 25 

THEIR QUALIFICATIONS. 

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have at- 
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a 
citizen of the United States, and who shall not. when 
elected, be an inhabitant of that State for which he shall 
be chosen. 

PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE. 

4. The Vice-President of the United States shall be presi- 
dent of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be 
equally divided. 

SENATE OFFICERS. 

5. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a 
president pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-Presi- 
dent, or when he shall exercise the office of President of 
the United States. 

THE SENATE- S POWERS. 

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im- 
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be 
on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United 
States is tried, the chief justice shall preside. And no 
person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of the members present. 

7. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend 
further than to removal from office, and disqualification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under 
the United States; but the party convicted shall, never- 
theless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judg- 
ment aiad punishment according to law. 

MEMBERS OF CONGRESS— HOW ELECTED. 
Section IV. 

1. The times, places and manner of holding elections for 
senators and representatives shall be prescribed in each 
State, by the legislature thereof; but the congress may, at 
any time, by law, make or alter such regulations, except 
as to the places of choosing senators. 

WHEN CONGRESS SHALL MEET. 

2. Congress shall assemble at least once in every year; 
and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in Decem- 
ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day. 



26 CONSTITUTION OI-' THIO T. S. 

POWERS AND DUTIES OF EACH HOUSE. 

Section V. 

1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own mentibers; and a majority of 
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day, and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in 
such manner and under such penalties as each house may 
provide. 

RULES, &C. 

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, 
punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the 
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member. 

JOURNALS. 

3. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts 
as may, in their judgment, require secrecy; and the yeas 
and nays of the members of each house, on any question, 
shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered 
on the journal. 

ADJOURNMENT. 

4. Neither house, during the session of congress, shall, 
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than 
three days, nor to any other place than that in which the 
two houses shall be sitting. 

COMPENSATION, PRIVILEGES AND INCAPACITIES. 
Section VI. 

1. The senators and representatives shall receive a com- 
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and 
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, 
in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the 
peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance 
at the session of their respective houses, and in going to 
and returning from the sam.e; and for any speech or de- 
bate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any 
other place. 

APPOINTMENT TO OFFICE. 

2. No senator or representative shall, during the time for 
which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under 
the authority of the United States, which shall have been 
created, or the emoluments whereof shall have been in- 
creased, during such time; and no person holtling any office 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 27 

under the United States, shall be a member of either house 
during his continuance in office. 

REVENUE BILLS. 

Section YII. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the house 
of representatives; but the senate may propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

PASSING BILLS, &C. 

2. Every bill which shall have passed the house of repre- 
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, 
be presented to the President of the United States; if he 
approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with 
his objections, to that house in which it shall have origi- 
nated, who shall enter the objections at large on their jour- 
nal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsid- 
eration, two-thirds of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together w'ith the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall be- 
come a law. But in all such cases the votes of both houses 
shall be determined by yeas and nays, and the names of 
the persons voting for and against the bill shall be en- 
tered on the journal of each house respectively. If any 
bill shall not be returned by the President wuthin ten days 
(Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to 
him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had 
signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment, pre- 
vent its return, in which case it shall not be a law. 

ORDERS AND RESOLUTIONS. 

3. Every order, resolution or vote, to w'hich the concur- 
rence of the senate and house of representatives may be 
necessary (except on the question of adjournment), shall 
be presented to the President of the United States, and 
before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by 
him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by 
two-thirds of the senate and house of representatives, ac- 
cording to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case 
of a bill. 

POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section VIII. 
The congress shall have power: 

1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, 
to pay the debts and provide for the common defense, and 



2.S CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

g-eneral welfare of the United States; but all duties, im- 
posts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United 
States. 

2. To borrow money on the credit of United States; 

3. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among 
the several States, and with the Indian tribes; 

4. To establish an uniform rule of naturalization, and 
uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout 
the United States; 

5. To coin money, regula.te the value thereof, and of for- 
eign coins, and fix the standard of weights and measures; 

6. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the 
securities and current coin of the United States; 

7. To establish post offices and post roads; 

8. To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by 
securing, for limited times, to authors and inventors, the 
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries; 
■ 9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court; 

10. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed 
on the high seas, and offenses against the law of nations; 

11. To declare war, grant letters of marque and reprisal, 
and make rules concerning captures on land and water; 

12. To raise and support armies; but no appropriation of 
money to that use shall be for a longer term than two 
years; 

13. To provide and maintain a navy; 

14. To make rules for the government and regulation of 
the land and naval forces; 

15. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the 
laws of the Union, suppress insurrections and repel in- 
vasions; 

16. To provide for organizinz, arming and disciplining the 
militia, and for governing such part of them as may be 
employed in the service of the United States, reserving to 
the States, respectively, the appointment of the officers, 
and the authority of training the militia according to the 
discipline prescribed by congress; 

17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases whatso- 
ever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square), 
as may, by cession of particular States, and the accept- 
ance of congress, become the seat of government of the 
United States; and to exercise like authority over all places 
purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State 
in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, maga- 
zines, arsenals, dock-yards and other needful buildings; 
and— 

18. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper, 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 29 

for carrying- into execution the foregoing powers and all 
other powers vested by this constitution in the govern- 
ment of the United States, or in any department or officer 
thereof. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF CONGRESS. 

Section IX. 

1. The migration or importation of such persons as any 
of the States now existing- shall think proper to admit, 
shall not be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year 
one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty 
may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten 
dollars for each person. 

2. The privilege of the -w-rit of habeas corpus shall not be 
suspended, unless, when in cases of rebellion or invasion, 
the public safety may require it. 

3. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law shall be 
passed. 

4. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless 
in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore 
directed to be taken. 

5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from 
any State. No preference shall be given, by any regulation 
of commerce or revenue, to the ports of one State over 
those of another; nor shall vessels bound to or from one 
State, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another. 

6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in 
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular 
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of 
all public money shall be published from time to time. 

7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United 
States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust 
under them, shall, without the consent of the congress. 
accept of any present, emolument, ottice or title of any kind 
whatever, from any king, prince or foreign State. 

LIMITATIONS OF THE POWERS OF INDI- 
VIDUAL STATES. 

Section X. 

1. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance or con- 
federation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and 
silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of 
attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obliga- 
tion of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 

2. No State shall, without the consent of the congress. 



so CONSTITUTION OF THE U. R. 

lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except 
what may be absolutely necessary for executing its in- 
spection laws; and the net produce of all duties and im- 
posts laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for 
the use of the treasury of the United States; and all such 
laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the 
congress. 

3. No State shall, without the consent of congress, lay 
any duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time 
of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with an- 
other State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war. 
unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will 
not admit delay. 

ARTICLE II. 

THE EXECUTIVE POWER. 
Section I. 

1. The executive pov/er shall be vested in a President of 
the United States of America. He shall hold his office dur- 
ing the term of four years, and, together with the Vice- 
President, chosen for the same term, be elected as follows: 

HOW ELECTED. 

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legis- 
lature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to 
the whole number of senators and representatives to which 
the State may be entitled in congress; but no senator or 
representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit 
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGES. 

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and 
vote by ballot, for two persons, of whom one, at least, shall 
not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. 
And they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and 
of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign 
and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the gov- 
ernment of the United States, directed to the president of 
the senate. The president of the senate shall, in the pres- 
ence of the senate and house of representatives, open all 
the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The 
person having the greatest number of votes shall be the 
President, if such number be a majority of the whole num- 
ber of electors appointed; and if there be more than one 
who have such majority, and have an equal number of 
votes, then the house of representatives shall immediately 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 31 

choose by ballot, one of them for President; and if no per- 
son have a majority, then from the five highest on the 
list, the said house shall in like manner choose the Presi- 
dent. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be 
taken by States, the representation from each State having 
one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a mem- 
ber or members from two-thirds of the States, and a ma- 
jority of the States shall be necessary to a choice. In 
every case, after the choice of the President, the person 
having the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall 
be the Vice-President. But if there should remain two or 
more who have equal votes, the senate shall choose from 
them, by ballot, the Vice-President. [See Xllth amend- 
ment.] 

4. The congress may determine the time of choosing the 
electors, and the day on which they shall give their votes, 
which day shall be the same throughout the United States. 

WHO MAY BE ELECTED PRESIDENT. 

5. No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of 
the United States at the time of the adoption of this con- 
stitution, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither 
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not 
have attained to the age of thirty-five years, and been 
fourteen years a resident within the United States. [See 
Xllth amendment.] 

ON THE DEATH, REMOVAL, &C., OF THE PRESI- 
DENT, THE POWERS AND DUTIES DE- 
VOLVE UPON THE VICE- 
PRESIDENT. 

6. In case of the removal of the President from office, or 
of his death, resignation or inability to discharge the pow- 
ers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on 
the Vice-President; and the congress may, by law, provide 
for the case of removal, death, resignation or inability, 
both of the President and Vice-President, declaring what 
officer shall then act as President, and such officer shall 
act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a 
President shall be elected. 

COMPENSATION OF THE PRESIDENT. 

7. The President shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation which shall neither be increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected; and he shall not receive, within that period, 



32 CONSTTTTTTION OF THE U. S. 

any (jthor omolument from the ITnitfd States or any of 
them. 

8. Before he enters on the execution of his ofTice, he shall 
take the following oath or afRrmation: 

THE OATH. 

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully 
execute the office of President of the United States, and 
will, to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend 
the constitution of the United States." 

POWERS, &C., OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section II. 

1. The President shall be commander-in-chief of the army 
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the 
several States, when called into actual service of the 
United States; he may require the opinion, in writing, of 
the principal officer in each of the executive departments, 
upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective 
offices, and he shall have power to grant reprieves and 
pardons for offenses against the United States, except in 
cases of impeachment. 

TREATIES, AMBASSADORS, &C. 

2. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con- 
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds 
of the senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and 
by and with the advice and consent of the senate shall 
appoint, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, 
judges of the supreme court, and all other officers of the 
United States whose appointments are not herein other- 
wise provided for, and which shall be established by law. 
But the congress may, by law, vest the appointment of 
such inferior officers as they think proper in the President 
alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of department. 

APPOINTING POWER. 

3. T'he President shall have power to fill up all vacancies 
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by grant- 
ing commissions, which shall expire at the end of their 
next session. 

DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 
Section III. 
He shall, from time to time, give to the congress infor- 
mation of the state of the Union, and recommend to their 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 33 

consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary 
and expedient; he may, on extraordinary occasions, con- 
vene both houses, or either of them; and in case of disa- 
greement between them with respect to the time of ad- 
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall 
think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other pub- 
lic ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully 
executed, and shall commission all the officers of the 
United States. 

IMPEACHMENT, &C. 
Section IV. 

The President, Vice-President and all civil officers of the 
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment 
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery or other high 
crimes and misdemeanors. 



ARTICLE III. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

Section I. 

The judicial power of the United States shall be vested 
in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the 
congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The 
judges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold 
their offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated 
times, receive for their service a compensation, which shall 
not be diminished during their continuance in office. 

EXTENT OF THE JUDICIAL POWER. 

(See Amendments, Art. XI.) 

Section II. 

1. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and 
equity arising under this constitution, the laws of the 
United States, and treaties made, or which shall be made, 
under their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, 
or other public ministers and consuls; to all cases of ad- 
miralty and maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to 
which the United States shall be a party; to controversies 
between two or more States; between a State and citizens 
of another State; between citizens of different States; be- 
tween citizens of the same State, claiming lands under 
grants of different States, and between a State, or the 
citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens or subjects. 



34 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ORIGINATE AND APPELLATE JURISDICTION OF 
THE SUPREME COURT. 

2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public min- 
isters and consuls, and those in which a State shall be 
party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. 
In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court 
shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, 
with such exceptions and under such regulations as the 
congress shall make. 

TRIALS FOR CRIMES. 

3. The trials of all crimes, except in cases of impeach- 
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the 
State where the said crime shall have been committed; but 
when not committed within any State, the trial shall be at 
such place or places as the congress may by law have 
directed. 

TREASON— WHAT AND HOW PUNISHED. 

Section III. 

1. Treason against the United States shall consist only in 
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, 
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be con- 
victed of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses 
to the same overt act, or on confession in open court. 

2. The congress shall have power to declare the punish- 
ment of treason, but no attainder of treason shall work 
corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of 
the person attainted. 

ARTICLE IV. 

ACTS, RECORDS, &C., OF EACH STATE. 

Section I. 

Full faith and credit shall be given, in each State, to the 
public acts, records and judicial proceedings of every other 
State. And the congress may, by general laws, prescribe 
the manner in which such acts, records and proceedings 
shall be proved, and the effect thereof. 

PRIVILEGES OF CITIZENS. 

Section II. 

1. The citizens of each State shall be entitled to all privi- 
leges and immunities of citizens in the several States. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 35 

FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE. 

2. A person charged in any State with treason, felony or 
other crime, who shall flee from justice and be found in 
another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority 
of the State from v^hich he fled, be delivered up, to be 
removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. 

SERVANTS, &C., TO BE SURRENDERED ON CLAIM. 

3. No person held to service or labor in one State, under 
the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in conse- 
quence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged 
from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up, on 
claim of the party to whom such service or labor may be 
due. 

HOW NEW STATES ARE ADMITTED. 
Section III. 

1. New States may be admitted by the congress into this 
Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within 
the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be 
formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of 
States, without the consent of the legislatures of the 
States concerned, as v/ell as of the congress. 

THE DISPOSITION OF TERRITORIES. 

2. The congress shall have power to dispose of, and make 
all needful rules and regulations respecting, the territory 
or other property belonging to the United States; and 
nothing in this constitution shall be so construed as to 
prejudice any claims of the United States, or of any par- 
ticular State. 

GUARANTY AND PROTECTION OF THE STATES 
BY THE UNION. 

Section IV. 

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this 
Union, a republican form of government, and shall protect 
each of them against invasion; and, on application of the 
legislature or of the executive (when the legislature can- 
not be convened), against domestic violence. 



36 ((JNSTITIJTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE V. 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION- 
HOW MADE. 

The congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall 
deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this con- 
stitution; or, on the application of the legislatures of two- 
thirds of the several States, shall call a convention for 
proposing amendments, which in either case shall be valid, 
to all intents and purposes, as part of this constitution, 
when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the 
several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, 
as the one or the other mode of ratification may be pro- 
posed by the congress; provided, that no amendment whicli 
may be made prior to the year eighteen hundred and eight 
shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in 
the ninth section of the first article, and that no State, 
without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage 
in the senate. 

ARTICLE VI. 

FORMER DEBTS VALID. 
Section I. 
All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, be- 
fore the adoption of this constitution, shall be as valid 
against the United States under this constitution as imder 
the confederation. 

THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. 
Section II. 
This constitution, and the laws of the United States 
which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties 
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and 
the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, anything 
In the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

THE CONSTITUTIONAL OATH NO RELIGIOUS TEST. 
Section III. 
The senators and representatives before mentioned, and 
the members of the several State legislatures, and all ex- 
ecutive and judicial officers, both of the United States and 
of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation 
to support this constitution; but no religious test shall ever 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 37 

be required as a qualification to any office of public trust 
under the United States. 



ARTICLE VII. 

WHEN THE CONSTITUTION TO TAKE EFFECT. 

The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be 
sufficient for the establishment of this constitution be- 
tween the States so ratifying the same. 

Done in the convention, by the unanimous consent of the 
States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the 
year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty- 
seven, and of the independence of the United States of 
America the twelfth. 

In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our 

names. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON, President, 

And Deputy from Virginia. 



New Hampshire — 
John Langdon, 
Nicholas Oilman. 

Massachusetts- 
Nathaniel Gorman, 
Rufus King. 

Connecticut- 
William Samuel Johnson, 
Roger Sherman. 

New York- 
Alexander Hamilton. 

New Jersey— 

W^illiam Livingston, 
David Brearle, 
William Paterson, 
Jonathan Dayton. 

Pennsylvania- 
Benjamin Franklin, 
Thomas Mifflin, 
Robert Morris, 
George Clymer, 
Thomas Fitzsimons, 
Jared Ingersoll, 
James Wilson, 
Gouv. Morris. 



Attest: 



Delaware- 
George Reed, 
Gunning Bedford, Jun., 
John Dickinson, 
Richard Bassett, 
Jacob Broom. 

Maryland— 

Dan'l of St. Thos. Jeni- 
fer, 
James McHenry, 
Daniel Carroll. 

Virginia- 
John Blair, 
James Madison, Jun. 

North Carolina- 
William Blunt, 
Rich'd Dobbs Spaight, 
Hugh Williamson. 

South Carolina- 
John Rutledge, 
Chas. Coatesworth Pinck- 

ney, 
Charles Pinckney, 
Pierce Butler. 

Georgia- 
William Few, 
Abraham Baldwin. 



William Jackson, 

Secretary. 



CONSTITI^TION OF THK TT. S. 



AMENDMENTS 

TO THE CONSTITUTION of the United States, Ratified 
According to the Provisions of the Fifth Article of the 
Foregoing Constitution. 



The following articles proposed by congress, in addition 
to and amendments of the constitution of the United 
States, having been ratified by the legislatures of three- 
fourths of the States, are become a part of the consti- 
tution. 

First Congress, First Session, March oth, 1789. 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHT OF CONSCIENCE, FREEDOM OF THE 
PRESS, &C. 

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment 
of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or 
abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the 
right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition 
the government for a redress of grievances. 

ARTICLE II. 

OF THE MILITIA. 
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security 
of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear 
arms shall not be infringed. 

ARTICLE III. 

OF QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 
No soldier shall in time of peace be quartered in any 
house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of 
war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OF UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 



CONSTITUTION OP THE U. S. 39 

and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affir- 
mation, and particularly describing- the place to be 
searched, and the persons or things to be seized. 



ARTICLE V. 

OF CRIMES AND INDICTMENTS. 

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or other- 
wise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indict- 
ment of a grand jury, except in cases arising- in the land 
or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service 
in time of war or public danger, nor shall any person be 
subject, for the same offense, to be twice put in jeopardy 
of life and limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal 
case to be witness against himself; nor to be deprived of 
life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor 
shall private property be taken for public use without just 
compensation. 

ARTICLE VI. 

OF CRIMINAL PROSECUTIONS. 

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the 
right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jliry of 
the State and district wherein the crime shall have been 
committed, which district shall have been previously ascer- 
tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause 
of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses 
against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining 
witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of coun- 
sel for his defense. 

ARTICLE VII. 

OF TRIAL BY JURY IN CIVIL CASES. 

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy 
shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall 
be preserved; and no fact tried by a jury shall be other- 
wise re-examined in any court of the United States, than 
according to the rules of the common law. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

OF BAILS, FINES AND PUNISHMENTS. 

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines 
imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted. 



40 CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 

ARTICLE IX. 

RESERVED RIGHTS. 

The enumeration in the constitution, of certain rights, 
shall not be construed to deny or disparage others, retained 
by the people. 

ARTICLE X. 

POWERS NOT DELEGATED RESERVED. 

The powers not delegated to the United States by the 
constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved 
to the States respectively, or to the people. 

Third Congress, Second Session, December 2d, 178-3. 

ARTICLE XI. 

THE JUDICIAL POWER— SEE ART. 3, SEC. 2. 

The judicial power of the United States shall not be con- 
strued to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced 
or prosecuted against one of the United States, by citizens 
of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign 
State. 

Eighth Congress, First Session, October 17th, 1803. 

ARTICLE XII. 

HOW THE PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 
ARE ELECTED. 
The electors shall meet in their respective States,* and 
vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of 
whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same 
State with themselves; they shall name, in their ballots, 
the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots 
the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall 
make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, 
and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the 
number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and 
certify, and transmit sealed,! to the seat of the government 
of the United States, directed to the president of the sen- 



*On the first Wednesday in December, by act of Congress, 
1st March, 1792. 

tBefore the 1st Wednesday in January, by act of Con- 
gress, 1st March, 1792. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 41 

ate; the president of the senate shall, in the presence of 
the senate and house of representatives, open all the cer- 
tificates,* and the votes shall then be counted; the person 
having- the greatest number of votes for President shall 
be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed. And if no person have such 
majority, then from the persons having the highest num- 
bers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as 
President, the house of representatives shall choose imme- 
diately, by ballot, the President; but in choosing the Presi- 
dent, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation 
from each State having one vote; a quorum for this pur- 
pose shall consist of a member or members from two- 
thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall 
be necessary to a choice; and if the house of representa- 
tives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of a 
choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of 
March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as 
President, as in the case of the death or other constitu- 
tional disability of the President. The person having the 
greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the 
Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole 
number of electors appointed; and if no person have a ma- 
jority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the 
senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the 
purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of 
senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be 
necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineli- 
gible to the office of President, shall be eligible to that of 
Vice-President of the United States. 

ARTICLE XIII. 

SLAVERY ABOLISHED— 13TH AMENDMENT, 

PASSED 1865. 

Section I. 

Neither slavery nor involantary servitude, except as a 

punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been 

duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any 

place subject to their jurisdiction. 

Section II. 
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by ap- 
propriate legislation. 



*On the 2d Wednesday in February, by the same act. 



42 CONSTITUTION OP THE IT. S. 

("fTIZENS AND TMETR RIGHTS-14TII AMENDMENT. 

Section I. 

All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and 
subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the 
United States, and of the State wherein they reside. No 
State shall make or enforce any law which t^hall abridge 
the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United 
States. Nor shall any State deprive any person of life, 
liberty or property without due process of law, nor deny 
to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection 
of the laws. 

APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATIVES. 

Section II. 

Representatives shall be apportioned among the several 
States according to their respective number, counting the 
whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians 
not taxed; but whenever the right to vote at any election 
for electors of President and Vice-President, or for United 
States representatives in congress, executive and judicial 
officers, or the members of the legislature thereof, is de- 
nied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being 
twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, 
or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebel- 
lion or other crime, the basis of representation therein 
shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of 
such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male 
citizens twenty-one years of age in such State. 



DISABILITY OF PERSONS ENGAGED IN THE 
REBELLION. 

Section III. 

No person shall be a senator or representative in con- 
gress, elector of President and Vice President, or hold any 
office, civil or military, under the United States, or under 
any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a 
member of congress, or as an officer of the United States, 
or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive 
or judicial officer of any State to support the constitution 
of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or 
rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the 
enemies thereof; but congress may, by a vote of two-thirds 
of each house, remove such disability. 



CONSTITUTION OF THE U. S. 43 

VALIDITY OF PUBLIC DEBT NOT TO BE QUES- 
TIONED. 

Section IV. 

The validity of the public debt of the United States au- 
thorized by law, including- debts incurred for the payment 
of pensions and bounties for service in suppressing insur- 
rection or rebellion, shall not be questioned, but neither 
the L^nited States nor any State shall assume or pay any 
debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebel- 
lion against the United States, or claim for the loss or 
emancipation of any slave, but all such debts, obligations 
and claims shall be held illegal and void. 

Section V. 

The congress shall have power to enforce, by appropri- 
ate legislation, the provisions of this article. 



ARTICLE XV. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE NOT TO BE IMPAIRED. 

Section I. 

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall 
not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any 
State, on account of race, color or previous condition of 
servitude. 

Section II. 

The congress shall have power to enforce this article 
by appropriate legislation. 

[The fifteenth amendment passed at the Fortieth Con- 
gress.] 



PRESIDENTS. 



PRESIDENTS OH THE UNITED STATES 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. Term of Office. 

1789 — George Washington... Virginia 8 years. 

1797 — John Adams Massachusetts.. 4 years. 

1801.... Thomas Jefferson Virginia 8 years. 

180& — James Madison Virginia 8 years. 

1817 — James Monroe Virginia 8 years. 

1824 John Quincy Adams.. Massachusetts. . 4 years. 

1829 — Andrew Jackson Tennessee 8 years. 

1837 — Martin Van Buren New York 4 years. 

1841 — Wm. Henry Harrison*. Ohio 1 month. 

1841. . . .John Tyler Virginia 3 yr., 11 mos. 

1845 — James Knox Polk Tennessee 4 years. 

1849 — Zachary Taylort Louisiana lyr., 4mo., 5d 

1850.... Millard Fillmore New York 2y., 10m., 26d 

1853 — Franklin Pierce N. Hampshire... 4 years. 

1857.... James Buchanan Pennsylvania. ...4 years. 

1861 Abraham Lincoln| Illinois 4y., Im., lOd. 

1865.... Andrew Johnson Tennessee 3y., 10m., 20d. 

1869.... Ulysses S. Grant Illinois 8 years. 

1877.... Rutherford B. Hayes.. Ohio 4 years. 

1881 — James A. Garfield**... Ohio 6m., 15d. 

1881.... Chester A. Arthur New York .3y., 5m., 15d. 

1885 — Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1889.... Benjamin Harrison.. .. Indiana 4 years. 

1893 — Grover Cleveland New York 4 years. 

1897. . . .William McKinley Ohio 



*Died in office April 4, 1841, when Vice-President Tyler 
succeeded him. 

tDied in office July 9] 1850, when Vice-President Fillmore 
succeeded him. 

$Assassinated April 14. 1865, when Vice-President John- 
son succeeded him. 

'*Assassinated July 2, 18S1; died September 19, ISSl, when 
Vice-President Arthur succeeded him. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS OF UNITED STATES. 



Year of 

Qualification. Name. Where From. 

17S9 John Adams Massachusetts. 

1797 .Thomas Jefferson Virginia. 

1801 Aaron Burr New York. 

1804 George Clinton New York. 

1813 Elbridge Gerry Massachusetts. 

1817 Daniel D. Tompkins New York. 

1824 John C. Calhoun South Carolina. 

1833 Martin Van Buren New York. 

1837 Richard M. Johnson Kentucky. 

1841 John Tyler Virginia. 

1842 Samuel L. Southard* New Jersey. 

1845 George M. Dallas Pennsylvania. 

1849 Millard Fillmore New York. 

1851 William R. King* Alabama. 

1853 David R. Atchinson* Missouri. 

1855 Jesse D. Bright* Indiana. 

1857 John C. Breckenridge Kentucky. 

1861 Hannibal Hamlin Maine. 

1865 Andrew Johnson Tennessee. 

1865 Lafayette C. Foster* Connecticut. 

1869 Schuyler Colfax Indiana. 

1873 Henry Wilsont Massachusetts. 

1875 Thomas W. Ferry* Michigan. 

1877 William A. Wheeler New York. 

1881 Chester A. Arthur New York. 

1883 George F. Edmunds Vermont. 

1885 Thomas A. Hendrickst. . . Indiana. 

1886 John Sherman* Ohio. 

1889 Levi P. Morton New York. 

1893 Adlai E. Stevenson Illinois. 

1897 Garret A. Hobart** New Jersey. 

1901 Theodore Roosevelt New York. 



*Ex officio as President pro tem. of Senate. 
tDied in office November 22, 1875, 
JDied in office November 25, 1885. 
** Died in office November 21, 1899. 



46 STATIO C(JNSTfTlTTI()N. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 



A CONSTITUTION agreed upon by the delegates of the 
people of New Jersey, in convention begun at Trenton 
on the fourteenth day of May, and continued to the 
twenty-ninth day of June, in the year of our Lord one 
thousand eight hundred and forty-four, ratified by the 
people at an election held on the thirteenth day of 
August, A. D. 1844, and amended at a special election 
held on the seventh day of September, A. D. 1875, and 
at another special election held on the twenty-eighth 
day of September, A. D. 1897. 

We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to 
Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He 
hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him 
for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit 
the same unimpaired to succeeding generations, do ordain 
and establish this Constitution: 

ARTICLE I. 

RIGHTS AND PRIVILEGES. 

1. All men are by nature free and independent, and have 
certain natural and unalienable rights, among which are 
those of enjoying and defending life and liberty; acquir- 
ing, possessing and protecting property, and of pursuing 
and obtaining safety and happiness. 

2. All political power is inherent in the people. Govern- 
ment is instituted for the protection, security and benefit 
of the people, and they have the right at all times to alter 
or reform the same, whenever the public good may re- 
quire it. 

3. No person shall be deprived of the inestimable privi- 
lege of v/orshiping Almighty God in a manner agreeable to 
the dictates of his own conscience; nor. under any pretense 
whatever, to be compelled to attend any place of worship 
contrary to his faith and judgment; nor shall any person 
be obliged to pay tithes, taxes or other rates for building 
or repairing any church or churches, place or places of 
worship, or for the maintenance of any minister or min- 
istry, contrary to what he believes to be right, or has de- 
liberately and voluntarily engaged to perform. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 47 

4. There shall be no establishment of one religious sect 
in preference to another; no religious test shall be required 
as a qualification for any office or public trust; and no 
person shall be denied the enjoyment of any civil right 
merely on account of his religious principles. 

5. Every person may freely speak, write and publish his 
sentiments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse 
of that right. No law shall be passed to restrain or abridge 
the liberty of speech or of the press. In all prosecutions 
or indictments for libel, the truth may be given in evidence 
to the jury; and if it shall appear to the jury that the 
matter charged as libelous is true, and was published with 
good motives and for justifiable ends, the party shall be ac- 
quitted; and the jury shall have the right to determine the 
law and the fact. 

6. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, 
houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches 
and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall 
issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirm- 
ation, and particularly describing the place to be searched 
and the papers and things to be seized. 

7. The right of a trial by jury shall remain inviolate; but 
the legislature may authorize the trial of civil suits, wnen 
the matter in dispute does not exceed fifty dollars, by a 
jury of six men. 

8. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the 
right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; to 
be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to 
be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have 
compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, 
and to have the assistance of counsel in his defense. 

9. No person shall be held to answer for a criminal of- 
fense, unless on the presentment or indictment of a grand 
jury, except in cases of impeachment, or in cases cogniz- 
able by justices of the peace, or arising in the army or 
nav3'; or in the militia, when in actual service in time of 
war or public danger. 

10. No person shall, after acquittal, be tried for the same 
offense. All persons shall, before conviction, be bailable 
by sufficient sureties, except for capital offenses, when 
the proof is evident or presumption great. 

11. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not 
be suspended, unless in case of rebellion or invasion the 
public safety may require it. 

12. The military shall be in strict subordination to the 
civil power. 

13. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in 



48 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time 
of war, except in a manner prescribed by law. 

14. Treason against the State shall consist only in levying 
war against it, or in adhering to its enemies, giving them 
aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted of treason, 
unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt 
act, or on confession In open court. 

15. Excessive bail shall not be required, excessive fines 
shall not be imposed, and cruel and unusual punishments 
shall not be inflicted. 

16. Private property shall not be taken for public use 
without just compensation; but land may- be taken for 
public highways as heretofore, until the legislature shall 
direct compensation to be made. 

17. No person shall be imprisoned for debt in any action, 
or on any judgment founded upon contract, unless in cases 
of fraud; nor shall aiiy person be imprisoned for a militia 
fine in time of peace. 

18. The people have the right freely to assemble together, 
to consult for the common good, to make known their 
opinions to their representatives, and to petition for re- 
dress of grievances. 

19. No county, city, borough, town, township or village 
shall hereafter give any money or property, or loan its 
money or credit, to or in aid of any individual association 
or corporation, or become security for or be directly or 
indirectly the owner of any stock or bonds of any associa- 
tion or corporation. 

20. No donation of land or appropriation of money shall 
be made by the State or any municipal corporation to or 
for the use of any society, association or corporation what- 
ever. 

21. This enumeration of rights and privileges shall not be 
construed to impair or deny others retained by the people. 

ARTICLE II. 

RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE. 

1. Every male citizen of the United States, of the age of 
twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of this 
State one year, and of the county in which he claims his 
vote five months, next before the election, shall be entitled 
to vote for all officers that now are, or hereafter may be. 
elective by the people; provided, that no person in the 
military, naval or marine service of the United States 
shall be considered a resident in this State, by being sta- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 49 

tioned in any garrison, barrack, or military or naval place 
or station within this State; and no pauper, idiot, insane 
person, or person convicted of a crime which now excludes 
him from being: a witness unless pardoned or restored by 
law to the right of suffrage, shall enjoy the right of an 
elector; and provided further, that in time of war no 
elector in the actual military service of the State, or of 
the United States, in the army or navy thereof, shall be 
deprived of his vote by reason of his absence from such 
election district; and the legislature shall have power to 
provide the manner in which, and the time and place at 
which, such absent electors may vote, and for the return 
and canvass of their votes in the election districts In 
which they respectively reside. 

2. The legislature may pass laws to deprive persons of the 
right of suffrage who shall be convicted of bribery. 

ARTICLE III. 

DISTRIBUTION OF THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT. 

1. The powers of the government shall be divided into 
three distinct departments— the legislative, executive and 
judicial; and no person or persons belonging to, or consti- 
tuting one of these departments, shall exercise any of the 
powers properly belonging to either of the others, except 
as herein expressly provided. 

ARTICLE IV. 

LEGISLATIVE. 
Section I. 

1. The legislative power shall be vested in a senate and 
general assembly. 

2. No person shall be a member of the senate who shall 
not have attained the age of thirty years, and have been 
a citizen and inhabitant of the State for four years, and 
of the county for which he shall be chosen one year, next 
before his election; and no person shall be a member of 
the general assembly who shall not have attained the age 
of twenty-one years, and have been a citizen and inhab- 
itant of the State for two years, and of the county for 
which he shall be chosen one year next before his election; 
provided, that no person shall be eligible as a member of 
either house of the legislature, who shall not be entitled 
to the right of suffrage. 



50 STATE CONST FTUTION. 

?>. Members of the senate and general asseml)ly shall be 
elected yearly and every year, on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in November; and the two houses shall 
meet separately on the second Tuesday in January next 
after the said day of election, at which time of meeting 
the legislative year shall commence; but the time of hold- 
ing such election may be altered by the legislature. 

Section II. 

1. The senate shall be composed of one senator from each 
county in the State, elected by the legal voters of the 
counties, respectively, for three years. 

2. As soon as the senate shall meet after the first election 
to be held in pursuance of this constitution, they shall be 
divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats 
of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the 
expiration of the first year; of the second class at the ex- 
piration of the second year; and of the third class at the 
expiration of the third year, so that one class may be 
elected every year; and if vacancies happen, by resigna- 
tion or otherwise, the persons elected to supply such 
vacancies shall be elected for the unexpired terms only. 

Section III. 

1. The general assembly shall be composed of members 
annually elected by the legal voters of the counties, re- 
spectively, who shall be apportioned among the said coun- 
ties as nearly as may be according to the number of their 
inhabitants. The present apportionment shall continue 
until the next census of the United States shall have been 
taken, and an apportionment of members of the general 
assembly shall be made by the legislature at its first ses- 
sion after the next and every subsequent enumeration or 
census, and when made shall remain unaltered until an- 
other enumeration shall have been taken; provided, that 
each county shall at all times be entitled to one member; 
and the whole number of members shall never exceed 
sixty. 

Section IV. 

1. Each house shall direct writs of election for supplying 
vacancies, occasioned by death, resignation, or otherwise; 
but if vacancies occur during the recess of the legislature, 
the writs may be issued by the governor, under such regu- 
lations as may be prescribed by law. 

2. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns 
and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 51 

each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a small- 
er number may adjourn from day to day. and may be 
authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, 
in such manner, and under such penalties, as each house 
may provide. 

3. Each house shall choose its own officers, determine 
the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for dis- 
orderly behavior, and. with the concurrence of two-thirds, 
may expel a member. 

4. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and 
from time to time publish the same; and the yeas and nays 
of the members of either house on any question shall, at 
the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the 
journal. 

5. Neither house, during the session of the legislature, 
shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more 
than three days, nor to any other place than that in which 
the two houses shall be sitting. 

6. All bills and joint resolutions shall be read three times 
in each house, before the final passage thereof; and no bill 
or joint resolution shall pass unless there be a majority of 
all the members of each body personally present and agree- 
ing thereto; and the 3'eas and nays of the members voting 
on such final passage shall be entered on the journal. 

7. Members of the senate and general assembly shall re- 
ceive annually the sum of five hundred dollars during" the 
time for which they shall have been elected and while they 
shall hold their office, and no other allowance or emolu- 
ment, directly or indirectly, . for any purpose whatever. 
The president of the senate and the speaker of the house 
of assembly shall, in virtue of their offices, receive an ad- 
ditional compensation, equal to one-third of their allow- 
ance as members. 

8. Members of the senate and general assembly shall, in 
all cases except treason, felony and breach of the peace, 
be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the 
sitting of their respective houses, and in going to and re- 
turning from the same; and for any speech or debate, in 
either house, they shall not be questioned in any other 

place. 

Section V. 

1. No member of the senate or general assembly shall, 
during the time for which he was elected, be nominated or 
appointed by the governor, or by the legislature in joint 
meeting, to any civil office under the authority of this 
State which shall have been created, or the emoluments 
whereof shall have been increased, during such time. 



52 STATE CONRTTTT'TTON. 

2. Tf any memlior of the senate or general assemV)ly shall 
be elected to represent this State in the senate or house of 
representatives of the United States, and shall accept 
thereof, or shall accept of any office or appointment un- 
der the government of the United States, his seat in the 
legislature of this State shall thereby be vacated. 

3. No justice of the supreme court, nor judge of any other 
court, sheriff, justice of the peace nor any person or per- 
sons possessed of any office of profit under the government 
of this State, shall be entitled to a seat either in the sen- 
ate or in the general assembly; but, on being elected and 
taking his seat his office shall be considered vacant; and 
no person holding any office of profit under the government 
of the United States shall be entitled to a seat in either 
house. 

Section VI. 

1. All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the 
house of assembly; but the senate m.ay propose or concur 
with amendments, as on other bills. 

2. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but for 
appropriations made by law. 

3. The credit of the State shall not be directly or indi- 
rectly loaned in any case. 

4. The legislature shall not, in any manner, create any 
debt or debts, liability or liabilities, of the State which 
shall, singly or in the aggregate with any previous debts 
or liabilities, at any time exceed one hundred thousand 
dollars, except for purposes of war, or to repel invasion, 
or to suppress insurrection, unless the same shall be au- 
thorized by a law for some single object or work, to be 
distinctly specified therein; which law shall provide the 
ways and means, exclusive of loans, to pay the interest of 
such debt or liability as it falls due, and also to pay and 
discharge the principal of such debt or liability within 
thirty-five years from the time of the contracting thereof, 
and shall be irrepealable until such debt or liability, and 
the interest thereon, are fully paid and discharged; and 
no such law shall take effect until it shall, at a general 
election, have been submitted to the people, and have re- 
ceived the sanction of a majority of all the votes cast for 
and against it at such election; and all money to be raised 
by the authority of such law shall be applied only to the 
specific object stated therein, and to the payment of the 
debt thereby created. This section shall not be construed 
to refer to any money that has been, or may be, deposited 
with this State by the government of the United States. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 53 

Section VII. 

1. No divorce shall be granted by the legislature. 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

3. The legislature shall not pass any bill of attainder, 
ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of con- 
tracts, or depriving a party of any remedy for enforcing 
a contract which existed when the contract was made. 

4. To avoid improper influences which may result from 
intermixing in one and the same act such things as have 
no proper relation to each other, every law shall embrace 
but one objeci. and that shall be expressed in the title. 
No law shall be revived or amended by reference to its 
title only; but the act revived, or the section or sections 
amended, shall be inserted at length. No general law 
shall embrace any provision of a private, special or local 
character. No act shall be passed which shall provide 
that any existing law, or any part thereof, shall be made 
or de'emed a part of the act. or which shall enact that any 
existing law, or any part thereof, shall be applicable, ex- 
cept by inserting it in such act. 

5. The laws of this State shall begin in the following 
style: "Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey. " 

6. The fund for the support of free schools, and all 
money, stock and other property which may hereafter be 
appropriated for that purpose, or received into the treas- 
ury under the provision of anj' law heretofore passed to 
augment the said fund, shall be securely invested and re- 
main a perpetual fund; and the income thereof, except so 
much as it may be judged expedient to apply to an increase 
of the capital, shall be annually appropriated to the sup- 
port of public free schools, for the equal benefit of all the 
people of the State; and it shall not be competent for the 
legislature to borrow, appropriate or use the said fund, 
or any part thereof, for any other purpose, under any 
pretense whatever. The legislature shall provide for the 
maintenance and support of a thorough and eflficient sys- 
tem of free public schools for the instruction of all the 
children in this State between the ages of five and eigh- 
teen years. 



54 STATl*: CONSTITT'TrOX. 

7. No private or special law shall be passed authorizing 
the sale of any lands belonging in whole or in part to a 
minor or minors, or other persons who may at the time be 
under any legal disability to act for themselves. 

8. Individuals or private corporations shall not be au- 
thorized to take private property for public use, without 
just compensation first made to the owners. 

9. No private, special or local bill shall be passed unless 
public notice of the intention to apply therefor, and of the 
general object thereof, shall have been previously given. 
The legislature, at the next session after the adoption 
hereof, and from time to time thereafter, shall prescribe 
the time and mode of giving such notice, the evidence 
thereof, and how such evidence shall be preserved. 

10. The legislature may vest in the circuit courts, or 
courts of common pleas within the several counties of this 
State, chancery powers, so far as relates to the foreclosure 
of mortgages and sale of mortgaged premises. 

11. The legislature shall not pass private, local or special 
laws in any of the following enumerated cases; that is to 
say: 

Laying out, opening, altering and working roads or high- 
days. 

Vacating any road, town plot, street, alley or public 
grounds. 

Regulating the internal affairs of towns and counties; 
appointing local offices or commissions to regulate munici- 
pal affairs. 

Selecting, drawing, summoning or empaneling grand or 
petit jurors. 

Creating, increasing or decreasing the percentage or al- 
lowance of public officers during the term for which said 
officers were elected or appointed. 

Changing the law of descent. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual 
any exclusive privilege, immunity or franchise whatever. 

Granting to any corporation, association or individual the 
right to lay down railroad tracks. 

Providing for changes of venue in civil or criminal cases. 

Providing for the management and support of free public 
schools. 

The legislature shall pass general laws providing for the 
cases enumerated in this paragraph, and for all other cases 
which, in its judgment, may be provided for by general 
laws. The legislature shall pass no special act conferring 
corporate powers, but they shall pass general laws under 
which corporations may be organized and corporate powers 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 55 

of every nature obtained, subject, nevertheless, to repeal 
or alteration at the will of the legislature. 

12. Property shall be assessed for taxes under general 
laws, and by uniform rules, according to its true value. 

Section VIII. 

1. Members of tne legislature shall, before they enter on 
the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe 
the following oath or affirmation: 

"I do solemnly swear [or affirm, as the case may be,] 
that I will support the constitution of the United States 
and the constitution of the State of New Jersey, and that 
I will faithfully discharge the duties of senator [or mem- 
ber of the general assembly, as the case may be,] accord- 
ing to the best of my ability." 

And members-elect of the senate or general assembly 
are hereby empowered to administer to each other the said 
oath or affirmation. 

2. Every officer of the legislature shall, before he enters 
upon his duties, take and subscribe the following oath or 
affirmation: "I do solemnly promise and swear [or af- 
firm] that I will faithfully, impartially and justly perform 

all the duties of the office of , to the best of my 

ability and understanding; that I will carefully preserve 
all records, papers, writings or property intrusted to me 
for safe-keeping by virtue of my office, and make such 
disposition of the same as may be required by law." 

ARTICLE V. 

EXECUTIVE. 

1. The executive power shall be vested in a governor. 

2. The governor shall be elected by the legal voters of 
this State. The person having the highest number of votes 
shall be the governor; but if two or more shall be equal 
and highest in votes, one of them shall be chosen gov- 
ernor by the vote of a majority of the members of both 
houses in joint meeting. Contested elections for the office 
of governor shall be determined in such manner as the 
legislature shall direct by law. When a governor is to be 
elected by the people, such election shall be held at the 
time when and at the places where the people shall re- 
spectively vote for members of the legislature. 

3. The governor shall hold his office for three years, to 
commence on the third Tuesday of January next ensuing 
the election for governor by the people, and to end on the 



56 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

Monday preceding the third Tuesday of January, three 
years thereafter; and he shall be incapable of holding 
that office for three years next after his term of service 
shall have expired; and no appointment or nomination to 
office shall be made by the governor during the last week 
of his said term. 

4. The governor shall be not less than thirty years of 
age, and shall have been for twenty years, at least, a citi- 
zen of the United States, and a resident of this State seven 
years next before his election, unless he shall have been 
absent during that time on the public business of the 
United States cr of this State. 

5. The governor shall, at stated times, receive for his 
services a compensation "which shall be neither increased 
nor diminished during the period for which he shall have 
been elected. 

6. He shall be the commander-in-chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; he shall have power to con- 
vene the legislature, or the senate alone, whenever in his 
opinion public necessity requires it; he shall communicate 
by message to the legislature at the opening of each ses- 
sion, and at such other times as he may deem necessary, 
the condition of the State, and recommend such measures 
as he may deem expedient; he shall take care that the laws 
be faithfully executed, and grant, under the great seal of 
the State, commissions to all such officers as shall be re- 
quired to be commissioned. 

7. Every bill which shall have passed both houses shall 
be presented to the governor; if he approve he shall sign 
it, but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the 
house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter 
the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to re- 
consider it; if, after such reconsideration, a majority of 
the whole number of that house shall agree to pass the 
bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the 
other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, 
and if approved of by a majority of the whole number of 
that house, it shall become a law; but in neither house 
shall the vote be taken on the same day on which the bill 
shall be returned to it; and in all such cases, the votes of 
both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, and 
the names of the persons voting for and against the bill 
shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. 
If any bill shall not be returned by the governor, within 
five days (Sunday excepted) after it shall have been pre- 
sented to him, the same shall be a law in like manner as 
if he had signed it, unless the legislature by their adjourn- 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 57 

ment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a 
law. If any bill presented to the g-overnor contain sev- 
eral items of appropriations of money, he may object to 
one or more of such items while approving of the other 
portions of the bill. In such case he shall append to the 
bill, at the time of signing it, a statement of the items to 
hich he objects, and the appropriation so objected to 
shall not take effect. If the legislature be in session he 
shall transmit to the house in which the bill originated, 
a copy of such statement, and the items objected to shall 
be separately reconsidered. If, on reconsideration, one 
or more of such items be approved by a majority of the 
members elected to each house, the same shall be a part 
of the law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor. 
All the provisions of this section in relation to bills not 
approved by the governor shall apply to cases in which 
he shall withhold his approval from any item or items 
contained in a bill appropriating money. 

8. No member of congress, or person holding an office 
under the United States, or this State, shall exercise the 
office of governor; and in case the governor, or person 
administering the government shall accept any office un- 
der the United States or this State, his office of governor 
shall thereupon be vacant. Nor shall he be elected by the 
legislature to any office under the government of this State 
or of the United States, during the term for which he shall 
have been elected governor. 

9. The governor, or person administering the government, 
shall have power to suspend the collection of fines and for- 
feitures, and to grant reprieves, to extend until the expira- 
tion of a time not exceeding ninety days after conviction; 
but this power shall not extend to cases of impeachment. 

10. The governor, or person administering the govern- 
ment, the chancellor, and the six judges of the court of 
errors and appeals, or a major part of them, of whom the 
governor, or person administering the government, shall 
be one, may remit fines and forfeitures, and grant pardons, 
after conviction, in all cases except impeachment. 

11. The governor and all other civil officers under this 
State shall be liable to impeachment for misdemeanor in 
office during their continuance in office, and for two years 
thereafter. 

12. In case of the death, resignation or removal from of- 
fice of the governor, the powers, duties and emoluments 
of the office shall devolve upon the president of the sen- 
ate, and in case of his death, resignation or removal, then 
upon the speaker of thp hnnsjo of assembly, for the time 



58 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

being, until anotlier governor shall he elected and quali- 
fied; but in such case another governor shall be chosen at 
the next election for members of the legislature, unless 
such death, resignation or removal shall occur within 
thirty days immediately preceding such next election, in 
which case a governor shall be chosen at the second suc- 
ceeding election for members of the legislature. When a 
vacancy happens, during the recess of the legislature, In 
any office which is to be filled by the governor and senate, 
or by the legislature in joint meeting, the governor shall 
fill such vacancy and the commission shall expire at the 
end of the next session of the legislature, unless a suc- 
cessor shall be sooner appointed; when a vacancy hap- 
pens in the office of clerk or surrogate of any county, the 
governor shall fill such vacancy, and the commission 
shall expire when a successor is elected and qualified. No 
person who shall have been nominated to the senate by 
the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

13. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his ab- 
sence from the State or inability to discharge the duties 
of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the 
office shall devolve upon the president of the senate; and 
in case of his death, resignation or removal, then upon the 
speaker of the house of assembly for the time being, until 
the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be ac- 
quitted, or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, 
or until a new governor be elected and qualified. 

14. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor from 
any other cause than those herein enumerated, or in case 
of the death of the governor-elect before he is qualified into 
office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall 
devolve upon the president of the senate or speaker of the 
house of assembly, as above provided for, until a new gov- 
ernor be elected and qualified. 

ARTICLE VI. 

JUDICIARY. 

Section I. 

1. The judicial power shall be vested in a court of errors 
and appeals in the last resort in all causes as heretofore; 
u court fur the trial of impeachments; a court of chancery; 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 50 

a prerogative court; a supreme court; circuit courts, and 
such inferior courts as now exist, and as may be here- 
after ordained and established by law; which inferior 
courts the legislature may alter or abolish, as the public 
good shall require. 

Section II. 

1. The court of errors and appeals shall consist of the 
chancellor, the justices of the supreme court, and six 
judges, or a major part of them; which judges are to be 
appointed for six years. 

2. Immediately after the court shall first assemble, the 
six judges shall arrange themselves in such manner that 
the seat of one of them shall be vacated every year, in 
order that thereafter one judge may be annually ap- 
pointed. 

3. Such of the six judges as shall attend the court shall 
receive, respectively, a per diem compensation, to be pro- 
vided by law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

5. When an appeal from an order or decree shall be 
heard, the chancellor shall inform the court, in writing, 
of the reasons for his order or decree; but he shall not sit 
as a member, or have a voice in the hearing or final sen- 
tence. 

6. When a writ of error shall be brought, no justice who 
has given a judicial opinion in the cause in favor of or 
against any error complained of, shall sit as a member, or 
have a voice on the hearing, or for its affirmance or re- 
versal; but the reasons for such opinion shall be assigned 
to the court in writing. 

Section III. 

1. The house of assembly shall have the sole power of 
impeaching, by a vote of a majority of all the members; 
and all impeachments shall be tried by the senate; the 
members, when sitting for that purpose, to be on oath or 
affirmation "truly and impartially to try and determine 
the charge in question according to evidence;" and no per- 
son shall be convicted without the concurrence of two- 
thirds of all the members of the senate. 

2. Any judicial officer impeached shall be suspended from 
exercising his office until his acquittal. 

3. Judgment in cases .of impeachment shall not extend 
farther than to removal from office, and to disq'ialification 
to hold and enjoy any office of honor, profit or trust under 



60 STATE CONST ITITTTON. 

this State; but the party convicted shall, nevertheless, be 

liable to indictment, trial and punishment according to law. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the clerk of this court. 

Section IV. 

1. The court of chancery shall consist of a chancellor. 

2. The chancellor shall be the ordinary or surrogate gen- 
eral, and judge of the prerogative court. 

3. All persons aggrieved by any order, sentence or decree 
of the orphans' court, may appeal from the same, or from 
any part thereof to the prerogative court; but such order, 
sentence or decree shall not be removed into the supreme 
court, or circuit court if the subject-matter thereof be 
within the jurisdiction of the orphans' court. 

4. The secretary of state shall be the register of the pre- 
rogative court, and shall perform the duties required of 
him by law in that respect. 

Section V. 

1. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and 
four associate justices. The number of associate justices 
may be increased or decreased by law, but shall never be 
less than two. 

2. The circuit courts shall be held in every county of this 
State, by one or more of the justices of the supreme court, 
or a judge appointed for that purpose, and shall, in all 
cases within the county except in those of a criminal na- 
ture, have common law jurisdiction, concurrent with the 
supreme court; and any final judgment of a circuit court 
may be docketed in the supreme court, and shall operate 
as a judgment obtained in the supreme court from the 
time of such docketing. 

3. Final judgments in any circuit court may be brought 
by writ of error into the supreme court, or directly into 
the covirt of errors and appeals. 

Section VI. 

1. There shall be no more than five judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas in each of the counties in this 
State, after the terrns of the judges of said court now in 
office shall terminate. One judge for each county shall be 
appointed every year, and no more, except to fill vacancies, 
which shall be for the unexpired term onlj\ 

2. The commissions for the first appointments of judges 
of said court shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of April next; and all subsequent commissions for 
judges of said court shall bear date and take effect on the 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 61 

first day of April in every successive year, exceiit commis- 
sions to fill vacancies, which shall bear date and take ef- 
fect when issued. 

Section VII. 

1. There may be elected under t*his constitution two, and 
not more than five, justices of the peace in each of the 
townships of the several counties of this State, and in each 
of the wards, in cities that may vote in wards. When a 
township or ward contains two thousand inhabitants or 
less, it may have two justices; when it contains more than 
two thousand inhabitants, and not more than four thou- 
sand, it may have four justices; and when it contains more 
than four thousand inhabitants, it may have five justices; 
provided, that whenever any township not voting in wards 
contains more than seven thousand inhabitants, such town- 
ship may have an additional justice for each additional 
three thousand inhabitants above four thousand. 

2. The population of the townships in the several coun- 
ties of the State and of the several wards shall be ascer- 
tained by the last preceding census of the United States, 
until the legislature shall provide, by law, some other 
mode of ascertaining it. 

ARTICLE VII. 

APPOINTING POWER AND TENURE OF OFFICE. 

Section I. 

MILITIA OFFICERS. 

1. The legislature shall provide by law for enrolling, or- 
ganizing and arming the militia. 

2. Captains, subalterns and non-commissioned officers 
shall be elected by the members of their respective com- 
panies. 

3. Field officers of regiments, independent battalions and 
squadrons shall be elected by the commissioned officers 
of their respective regiments, battalions or squadrons. 

4. Brigadier-generals shall be elected by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

5. Major-generals, the adjutant-general and quarter- 
master-general shall be nominated by the governor, and 
appointed by him, with the advice and consent of the 
senate. 

6. The legislature shall provide, by law, the time and 
manner of electing militia officers, and of certifying their 
elections to the governor, who shall grant their commis- 



«2 STATR CONSTITUTION. 

sions, and determine their rank, when not determined by 
law; and no commissioned officer shall be removed from 
office but by the sentence of a court-martial, pursuant to 
law. 

7. In case the electors of subalterns, captains or field offi- 
cers shall refuse or neglect to make such elections, the 
governor shall have power to appoint such officers, and 
to fill all vacancies caused by such refusal or neglect. 

S. Brigade inspectors shall be chosen by the field officers 
of their respective brigades. 

9. The governor shall appoint all militia officers whose 
appointmenl is not otherwise provided for in this consti- 
tution. 

. 10. Major-generals, brigadier-generals and commanding 
officers of regiments, independent battalions and srjuad- 
rons shall appoint the staff officers of their divisions, bri- 
gades, regiments,, independent battalions and squadrons, 
respectively. 

Section II. 

CIVIL OFFICERS. 

1. Justices of the supreme court, chancellor, judges of 
the court of errors and appeals and judges of the inferior 
court of common pleas shall be nominated by the gover- 
nor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate. 

The justices of the supreme court and chancellor shall 
hold their offices for the term of seven years; shall, at 
stated times, receive for their services a compensation 
which shall not be diminished during the term of their 
appointments; and they shall hold no other office under 
the government of this State or of the United States. 

2. Judges of the courts of common pleas shall be ap- 
pointed by the senate and general assembly, in joint meet- 
ing. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
appointed to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unex- 
pired term only. 

3. The state treasurer and comptroller shall be appointed 
by the senate and general assembly, in joint meeting. 

They shall hold their offices for three years, and until 
their successors shall be qualified into office. 

4. The attorney-general, prosecutors of the pleas, clerk 
of the supreme court, clerk of the court of chancery, sec- 
retary of state and the keeper of the state prison shall be 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 63 

nominated by the governor, and appointed by him, with 
the advice and consent of the senate. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

0. The law reporter shall be appointed by the justices of 
the supreme court, or a majority of them: and the chan- 
cery reporter shall be appointed by the chancellor. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

6. Clerks and surrogates of counties shall be elected by 
the people of their respective counties, at the annual elec- 
tions for members of the general assembly. 

They shall hold their offices for five years. 

7. Sheriffs and coroners shall be elected by the people of 
their respective counties, at the elections for members of 
the general assembly, and they shall hold their offices for 
three years, after which three years must elapse before 
they can be again capable of serving. Sheriffs shall an- 
nually renew their bonds. 

S. Justices of the peace shall be elected by ballot at the 
annual meetings of the townships in the several counties 
of the State, and of the wards in cities that may vote in 
wards, in such manner and under such regulations as may- 
be hereafter provided by law. 

They shall be commissioned for the county, and their 
commissions shall bear date and take effect on the first 
day of May next after their election. 

They shall hold their offices for five years; but when 
elected to fill vacancies, they shall hold for the unexpired 
term only; provided, that the commission of any justice 
of the peace shall become vacant upon his ceasing to re- 
side in the township in which he was elected. 

The first election for justices of the peace shall take place 
at the next annual town-meetings of the townships in the 
several counties of the State, and of the wards in cities 
that may vote in wards. 

9. All other officers, whose appointments are not other- 
wise provided for by law, shall be nominated by the gov- 
ernor, and appointed by him, with the advice and consent 
of the senate; and shall hold their offices for the time pre- 
scribed by law. 

10. All civil officers elected or appointed pursuant to the 
provisions of this constitution, shall be commissioned by 
the governor. 

11. The term of office of all officers elected or appointed, 
pursuant to the provisions of this constitution, except 
when herein otherwise directed, shall commence on the 
day of the date of their respective commissions; but no 



(14 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

commission for any oflice shnil ))ear date prior l<i the cx- 
piralion of the term of the incumbent of said office. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

GENERAL PROVISIONS. 

1. The secretary of state shall be ex officio an auditor of 
the accounts of the treasurer, and as such, it shall be his 
duty to assist the legislature in the annual examination 
and settlement of said accounts, until otherwise provided 
by law. 

2. The seal of the State shall be kept by the governor, 
or person administering the government, and used by him 
officially, and shall be called the great seal of the State of 
New Jersey. 

3. All grants and commissions shall be in the name and 
by the authority of the State of New Jersey, sealed with 
the great seal, signed by the governor, or person adminis- 
tering the government, and countersigned by the secretary 
of state, and it shall run thus: "The State of New Jersey, 

to , greeting." All writs shall be in the name of 

the State; and all indictments shall conclude in the follow- 
ing manner, viz., "against the peace of this State, the gov- 
ernment and dignity of the same." 

4. This constitution shall take effect and go into operation 
on the second day of September, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand eight hundred and forty-four. 

ARTICLE IX. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Any specific amendment or amendments to the constitu- 
tion may be proposed in the senate or general assembly, 
and if the same shall be agreed to by a majority of the 
members elected to each of the two houses, such proposed 
amendment or amendments shall be entered on their jour- 
nals, with the yeas and nays taken thereon, and referred 
to the legislature then next to be chosen, and shall be pub- 
lished for three months previous to making such choice, 
in at least one newspaper of each county, if any be pub- 
lished therein; and if in the legislature next chosen as 
aforesaid, such proposed amendment oi" amendments, or 
any of them, shall be agreed to by a majority of all the 
members elected to each house, then it shall be the duty 
of the legislature to submit such proposed amendment or 
amendments, or such of them as may have been agreed 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 65 

to as aforesaid by the two legislatures, to the people, in 
such manner and at such time, at least four months after 
the adjournment of the legislature, as the legislature shall 
prescribe; and if the people at a special election to be held 
for that purpose only, shall approve and ratify such 
amendment or amendments, or any of them, by a majority 
of the electors qualified to vote for members of the legisla- 
ture voting thereon, such amendment or amendments so 
approved and ratified shall l>ecome part of the constitu- 
tion; provided, that if more than one amendment be sub- 
mitted, they shall be submitted in such manner and form 
that the people may vote for or against each amendment 
separately and distinctly; but no amendment or amend- 
ments shall be submitted to the people by the legislature 
oftener than once in five years. 

ARTICLE X. 

SCHEDULE. 

That no inconvenience may arise from the change in the 
constitution of this State, and in order to carry the same 
into complete operation, it is hereby declared and ordained, 
that— 

1. The common law and statute laws now in force, not 
repugnant to this constitution, shall remain in force until 
they expire by their own limitation, or be altered or re- 
pealed by the legislature; and all writs, actions, causes of 
action, prosecutions, contracts, claims and rights of indi- 
viduals and of bodies corporate, and of the State, and all 
charters of incorporation, shall continue, and all indict- 
ments which shall have been found, or which may here- 
after be found, for any crime or offense committed before 
the adoption of this constitution, may be proceeded upon 
as if no change had taken place. The several courts of 
law and equity, except as herein otherwise provided, shall 
continue with the like powers and jurisdiction as if this 
constitution had not been adopted. 

2. All officers now filling any office or appointment shall 
continue in the exercise of the duties thereof, according 
to their respective commissions or appointments, unless by 
this constitution it is otherwise directed. 

3. The present governor, chancellor and ordinary or sur- 
rogate-general and treasurer shall continue in office until 
successors elected or appointed under this constitution 
shall be sworn or affirmed into office. 

4. In case of the death, resignation or disability of the 

5 



66 STATE CONSTITUTION. 

present governor, the person who may be vice-president of 
council at the time of the adoption of this constitution 
shall continue in office and administer the government un- 
til a governor shall have been elected and sworn or af- 
firmed into office under this constitution. 

5. The present governor, or in case of his death or inabil- 
ity to act, the vice-president of council, together with the 
present members of the legislative council and secretary 
of state, shall constitute a board of state canvassers, in 
the manner now provided by law, for the purpose of ascer- 
taining and declaring the result of the next ensuing elec- 
tion for governor, members of the house of representa- 
tives, and electors of president and vice-president. 

6. The returns of the votes for governor, at the said next 
ensuing election, shall be transmitted to the secretary of 
state, the votes counted, and the election declared in the 
manner now provided by law in the case of the election of 
electors of president and vice-president. 

7. The election of clerks and surrogates, in those counties 
where the term of office of the present incumbent shall 
expire previous to the general election of eighteen hun- 
dred and forty-five, shall be held at the general election 
next ensuing the adoption of this constitution; the result 
of which election shall be ascertained in the manner now 
provided by law for the election of sheriffs. 

8. The elections for the year eighteen hundred and forty- 
four shall take place as now provided by law. 

9. It shall be the duty of the governor to fill all vacancies 
in office happening between the adoption of this constitu- 
tion and the first session of the senate, and not otherwise 
provided for, and the commissions shall expire at the end 
of the first session of the senate, or when successors shall 
be elected or appointed and qualified. 

10. The restriction of the pay of members of the legisla- 
ture, after forty days from the commencement of the ses- 
sion, shall not be applied to the first legislature convened 
under this constitution. 

11. Clerks of counties shall be clerks of the inferior 
courts of common pleas and quarter sessions of the several 
counties, and perform the duties, and be subject to the 
regulations now required of them by law until otherwise 
ordained by the legislature. 

12. The legislature shall pass all laws necessary to carry 
into effect the provisions of this constitution. 



STATE CONSTITUTION. 67 

State of New Jersey: 

I, George Wurts. Secretary of State of the State of New 
Jersej-, do hereby certify the foregoing to be a true copy 
of the Constitution of the State of New Jersey as amended, 
as the same is taken from and compared with the original 
Constitution and amendments thereto, now remaining on 
file in my office. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my 
[L. S.] hand and affixed my official seal, this twenty-sixth 
day of October, A. D. eighteen hundred and ninety- 
seven. GEORGE WURTS. 



68 RUT.ES OK THE SENATE. 

SENATE. 

RULES ADOPTKI) THIS YEAR. 

PRESIDENT. 

1. The President shall take the chair at the time appoint- 
ed; and a quorum beinj? present, the Journal of the preced- 
ing- day shall be read, to the end that any mistake therein 
may be corrected. 

2. He shall not eYigage in any debate without leave of the 
Senate, except so far as shall be necessary for regulating 
the form of proceedings. 

3. He shall rise to put a question, but may state it sitting. 
He shall, on all occasions, preserve the strictest order and 
decorum. 

4. When two or more Senators shall rise at the same 
time, he shall name the one entitled to the floor. 

5. He shall have the right to name a Senator to perform 
the duties of the Chair, but such substitution shall not 
extend beyond one day. 

6. He shall decide every question of order without de- 
bate, subject to an appeal to the Senate: and he may call 
for the sense of the Senate upon any question of order. 

7. He shall cause all persons to be arrested or removed 
from the Senate chamber who shall interrupt the proceed- 
ings of the Senate or conduct themselves improperly in the 
lobby or gallery. 

8. The Senate may elect a President pro tempore, who 
shall possess all the powers and discharge all the duties 
of the President, when the latter is absent in discharge 
of his constitutional duty of administering the government 
of the State. 

QUORUM. 

9. A majority of the members of the Senate shall consti- 
tute a quorum; and whenever a less number than a quo- 
rum shall convene at a regular meeting, and shall ad- 
journ, the names of those present shall be entered on the 
journal. 

10. Whenever a less number than a quorum shall convene 
at any regular meeting, they are hereby authorized to send 
the Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by 
them authorized, for any or all absent Senators. 



Rin.ES OF THE SENATE. fi?^ 

ORDER OF BTTSTNESS. 

11. After the President has taken the Chair the order of 
bvisiness shall be as follows: 

I. Prayer. 
IT. Calling the Roll. 

III. Reading- the Journal. 

IV. Presentation and reference of petitions and memo- 

rials. 
v. Introduction of bills. 
VI. Reports of Committees. 

1. Standing- Committees (in accordance -with 
Rule 13). 

2. Select Committees. 
VII. Unfinished business. 

VIII. Senate bills on second reading-. 
IX. Senate bills on third reading. 
X. Assembly bills on second reading. 
XI. Assembly bills on third reading. 

COMMITTEES. 

12. All Committees shall be appointed by the President, 
unless otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

13. The following Standing Committees, consisting of 
three members each, except the Appropriation Committee, 
which shall consist of four members, shall be appointed at 
the commencement of each session, until otherwise or- 
dered, with leave to report by bill or otherwise: 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Revision and Amendment of the Laws. 

A Committee on Finance. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Railroads, Canals and Turnpikes. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance Companies. 

A Committee on the Clergy. 

A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 

A Committee on Federal Relations. 

A Committee on Stationery and Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Riparian Rights. 

A Committee on Agriculture. 



70 RUT.ES OF TTIE SENATE. 

A Cnmmiltoe on Misf-eliancfuis IJiisim^ss. 

A Commit tei' on Elections. 

A Committee on Public ITealth. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Labor and Industries. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Townships. 

A Committee on Printed Bills, whose duty it shall be to 
examine all bills and joint resolutions before they shall be 
put upon their third reading, and who shall report the 
same to the Senate, and the Secretary shall enter upon 
the journal that the same have been correctly printed. 

Special Committees shall consist of three members, un- 
less otherwise ordered by the Senate. 

The several Joint Committees shall consist of three 
members each, and shall be also appointed to act conjoint- 
ly with corresponding committee to be appointed by the 
House of Assembly. 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on the Library. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Public Printing. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

14. When a memorial or bill is referred to a committee, 
praying or providing for an act of incorporation, or for 
any other act, notice of the application for which is re- 
quired by law to be previously advertised, the committee 
shall not have leave to report such bill unless satisfactory 
evidence has been presented to the committee that the ap- 
plication for such act has had a bona fide advertisement 
according to law; and all committees reporting such bills 
referred to them shall certify to the Senate that such 
proof has been presented and is deemed satisfactory. 

15. The titles of all bills and the parts of bills affected 
by amendments, together with the amendments, shall be 
entered on the Journal. 

16. When leave is asked to bring in a bill, its title shall 
be read for the information of the Senate, and if objected 
to it shall be laid over for one day; and all public and pri- 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 71 

\ate bills and joint resolutions shall, after the tirst read- 
ing-, be printed for the use of the Senate, but no other 
I'aper or document shall be printed without special order. 

17. All bills and special reports of committees shall be 
numbered by the Secretary as they are severally intro- 
duced, and a list made of the same, and such bills and re- 
ports shall be called up by the President for consideration, 
in the order in which they are reported and stand upon 
the calendar, unless otherwise ordered; and the Secretary 
shall read from the said list or calendar, and not from the 
files of bills or reports. 

18. No bill shall be committed or amended until it shall 
have been ordered to a second reading, after which it may 
be referred to a committee. 

19. All bills may be made the order of a particular day, 
and public bills when called for shall have the preference 
of private bills; and when two or more bills shall be called 
for by Senators, they shall be taken up according to their 
seniority, reckoning from the date of their introduction. 

20. On the second and third readings of bills and joint 
resolutions, printed copies thereof shall be used. 

21. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Secretary of the Senate shall forthwith deliver the same 
to the Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for 
printing, in conformity with the rules defining the duties 
of said officer. 

22. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the Supervisor of Bills to the 
Secretary. 

23. Bills and joint resolutions originating in and passed 
by the Senate and amended by the House, when concurred 
in by the Senate, shall be delivered by the Secretary to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing-. 

24. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered by the Secretary to the Supervisor of 
Bills, who shall see that the same are in proper form for 
printing for third reading. 

25. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the print- 
er the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his offi- 
cial stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval, and shall deliver the same to the Sec- 
retary. 

26. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 



72 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

l)aper, to be approved ])y the Supervisor of Mills, one of 
which foi)ies shall be retained in his offire and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Secr<'tary to l)e used 
thereafter as the official copy of said bill or joint resolu- 
tion. 

27. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed for the use 
of the members of the Legislature at least one hundred 
copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a third 
reading, which shall be known and designated as "Official 
Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall deliver 
twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions desig- 
nated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of the 
Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

28. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed 
in the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for 
their various readings as far as practicable. 

29. The consent of the majority of the Senators present 
shall be sufficient to print or re-print any bill or joint 
resolution, but no bill or joint resolution shall pass unless 
there shall be a majority of all the Senators personally 
present and agreeing thereto, and the yeas and nays of 
Senators voting on the final passage of anj^ bill or joint 
resolution shall be entered on the Journal and the like en- 
try on any other question shall be made at the desire of 
any Senator, 

30. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three 
readings previous to its being passed; and the President 
shall give notice at each reading whether it be the first, 
second or third, which readings shall be on three different 
days. 

31. The final question upon the second reading of every 
bill or joint resolution originating in the Senate shall be 
whether it shall be read a third time; and no amendment 
shall be received at the third reading unless by unanimous 
consent of the Senators present, but it shall be in order, 
before the final passage of any such bill or joint resolution, 
to move its recommitment, and should such recommit- 
ment take place and any amendment be reported by the 
committee, the said bill or resolution shall be again read 
a second time and considered and the aforesaid question 
again put. 

32. When a bill or joint resolution shall have been lost, 
and reconsidered and lost again, the same shall not again 
be reconsidered but by the unanimous consent of the 
Senate. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 73 

33. Bills and joint resolutions, when passed ]iy the Sen- 
ate, shall be signed by the President. 

34. When a Senate bill or joint resolution shall have been 
passed, the same shall be signed, taken to the House of 
Assemblj', and its concurrence therein requested, without 
a motion for that purpose. 

35. When a bill or resolution passed by the Senate shall 
be carried to the House of Assembly, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto on the files of the Senate shall be 
carried by the Secretary, with such bill or resolution, to 
the House of Assembly. 

MOTIONS AND THEIR PRECEDENCE. 

36. When a motion shall be made, it shall be reduced to 
writing by the President or any Senator, and delivered 
to the Secretary at his table and read before the same 
shall be debatable. 

37. All motions entered on the Journal of the Senate 
shall be entered in the names of the Senators who make 
them. 

38. If the question in debate contains several points, any 
Senator may have the same divided; but a motion to strike 
out and insert, or to commit with instructions, shall not 
be divided. 

39. The rejection of a motion to strike out and insert one 
proposition shall not prevent a motion to strike out and 
insert a different proposition, nor prevent a subsequent 
motion simply to strike out; nor shall the rejection of a 
motion simply to strike out prevent a subsequent motion 
to strike out and insert, 

40. On filling blanks the question shall be first taken on 
the largest sum, the greatest number, and the most dis- 
tant day. 

41. When motions are made for reference of the same 
subject to a Select Committee, and to a Standing Com- 
mittee, the question of reference to a Standing Committee 
shall be put first. 

42. When a question is before the Senate, no motion shall 
be received but— 

1. To adjourn. 

2. To proceed to the consideration of Executive business. 

3. To lay on the table. 

4. To postpone indefinitely. 

5. To postpone to a certajn day. 

6. To commit. 

7. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the or- 
der in which they stand arranged. 



T4 RULES OF THE SENATE. 

4.*]. Th»^ motion to adjourn, or to fix a flay to whifh thf 
Senate shall afljourn, shall always he in order, exce'pt 
when a vote is heing taken or while a Senator is addressing 
the Senate. 

44. The motions to adjourn, to proceed to the considera- 
tion of Executive business, and to lay on the table, shall 
be decided without debate. 

45. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill 
shall have precedence of a motion to amend, and if car- 
ried shall be equivalent to its rejection. 

46. When a motion shall have been once made and car- 
ried in the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for 
any Senator who voted on the prevailing side to move a 
reconsideration thereof on the same day or next succeed- 
ing day of actual session; but no motion for the reconsid- 
eration of any vote shall be in order after a bill, resolu- 
tion, message, report, amendment or motion upon which 
the vote was taken, announcing their decision, shall have 
gone from the possession of the Senate, and they shall 
not pass from the possession of the Senate until the ex- 
piration of the time in which a reconsideration is permit- 
ted; and every motion for reconsideration shall be decid- 
ed by a majority of votes, except a motion to reconsider 
the vote on the final passage of a bill or joint resolution, 
which shall require the same majority as is necessary'' for 
their final passage. 

MEMBERS. 

47. The seats within the bar shall be reserved exclusively 
for the Senators, the officers of the Senate, and the re- 
porters of the press who may have seats assigned them. 

48. No Senator shall speak in any debate without rising, 
nor more than three times on any subject of debate, un- 
less he shall first obtain leave of the Senate. 

49. Every Senator, in speaking, shall addre.?s the Presi- 
dent, confine himself to the question under debate, and 
avoid personality. 

50. Any Senator may change his vote before the decision 
of the question shall have been announced by the Chair. 

51. No Senator shall have his vote recorded on any ques- 
tion, when the yeas and nays are called, unless he shall 
be present to answer to his name. 

MESSAGES. 

52. All messages shall be sent to the House of Assembly 
by the Secretary, under the direction of the President, 
as a standing order, without a vote thereon. 



RULES OF THE SENATE. 7f5 

y.;. Mepsagfs may he delivered at any stage of the huf^i- 
ness, except when a vote is being taken. 

54. When a message shall be sent from the Governor or 
House of Assembly to the Senate, it shall be announced 
at the door by the Sergeant-at-Arms. 

SENATE BILLS IN THE HOUSE. 

55. When an amendment made in the Senate to a bill 
from the House of Assembls^ shall be disagreed to by that 
House, and not adhered to by the Senate, the bill shall 
be considered as standing on a third reading. 

56. An amendment of the House of Assembly to a Senate 
bill shall not be divisible. 

57. In case of disagreement between the Senate and 
House of Assembly, the Senate may either recede, Insist 
and ask a conference, or adhere, and motions for such 
purposes shall take precedence in that order. 

58. When a Senate bill shall be returned, amended by 
the House of Assembly, the sections of the bill so amend- 
ed, together with the amendments, shall be read by the 
Secretary for a first reading and be entitled to a second 
reading without special motion, at which reading the 
proposed amendments shall be open to the action of the 
Senate. And if, at its third reading, upon the question be- 
ing put by the President, "Will the Senate concur in the 
House amendment to Senate bill No. — ?" a majority of the 
whole Senate should, by a vote of years and nays, con- 
cur, the question shall then be upon ordering the bill to 
be re-printed. If so ordered, the bill shall be re-printed, 
the amendments embodied therein and the re-printed bill 
examined and reported by the Committee on Printed Bills 
and read in open Senate, to the end that it may be known 
to be correctly printed, and shall be then signed and certi- 
fied as other bills. 

DISORDER. 

59. In case of any disturbance in the gallery or lobby, the 
President shall have power to order the same to be 
cleared. 

CO. The Sergeant-at-Arms shall aid in the enforcement of 
order, under the direction of the President. 

Gl. No Senator, in speaking, shall mention a Senator 
then present by his name. 

SPECIAL ORDERS. 

G2. When the hour shall have arrived for the considera- 
tion of a special order, the same shall be taken up. and 



76 RULES OP THE SENATE. 

th(^ Sftinto shall proceed to ronsider it, unless it shall bf' 
postponed by the Senate. 

63. The unfinished business in which the Senate shall 
have been engaged at the last preceding adjournment shall 
have the preference in the special order of the day. 

64. No concurrent resolution shall pass unless by the 
consent of a majority of the Senators elected. 

SECRET SESSION. 

65. On motion made and seconded to shut the doors of the 
Senate on the discussion of any business which may, in the 
opinion of a Senator, require secrecy, the President shall 
direct the chamber to be cleared, and during the discus- 
sion of such motion the doors shall remain shut. 

RULES. 

66. No standing rule or order of the Senate shall be sus- 
pended unless by the consent of two-thirds of the Senators 
elected, nor rescinded or amended but by the same num- 
ber, and one day's notice shall be given of the motion for 
rescission or amendment. 

EXECUTIVE SESSION. 

67. When nominations shall be made by the Governor 
to the Senate, they shall, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Senate, be referred to appropriate committees; and the 
final question on every nomination shall be, "Will the 
Senate advise and consent to this nomination?"' which 
question shall not be put on the same day on which the 
nomination is received, nor on the day on which it may 
be reported by a committee, unless by the unanimous con- 
sent of the Senate. 

68. When acting on Executive business the Senate shall 
be cleared of all persons except the Senators and Secre- 
tary. 

69. All information or remarks concerning the character 
or qualifications of any persons nominated by the Gover- 
nor to oiRce shall be kept a secret. 

70. The Legislative and Executive proceedings of the 
Senate shall be kept in separate and distinct books. 

7L All nominations approved by the Senate, or other- 
wise definitely acted on, shall be transmitted by the Secre- 
tary to the Governor, with the determination of the Senate 
thereon, from day to day, as such proceedings may occur; 
but no further extract from the Executive journal shall 
be furnished, published or otherwise communicated, ex- 
cept by special order of the Senate. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 

HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY, 

RULES ADOPTED THIS YEAR. 



OF THE MEETING OP THE HOUSE. 

1. Any member or members less than a quorum may 
meet and adjourn the House from day to da^^ when neces- 
sary. 

2. Everj^ member shall attend in his place precisely at 
the hour to which the House was last adjourned; and in 
case of neglect, he shall be subject to a reprimand from 
the Chair, unless excused by the House; nor shall any 
member absent himself from the House for more than the 
space of a quarter of an hour without leave previously ob- 
tained. 

3. In case a less number of members than a quorum shall 
be present after the arrival of the hour to which the House 
stood adjourned, they are hereby authorized to send their 
Sergeant-at-Arms, or any other person or persons by them 
authorized, with a warrant duly executed, for any and all 
absent members, as the majority of such as are present 
may agree, and at the expense of such absent members, 
respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall 
be rendered as the House, when a quorum is convened, 
shall judge sufficient. Immediately after the appointment 
of the Standing Committees, the members shall arrange 
among themselves their several seats appropriated to their 
counties; and in case of disagreem.ent, the same shall be 
decided by lot. 

OF THE DUTIES OF THE SPEAKER. 

4. He shall take the chair at the hour lo which the House 
shall have adjourned, and immediately call the members 
to order; and on the appearance of a quorum, shall cause 
the journal of the preceding day to be read, which may 
then be corrected by the House. 

5. He shall preserve order and decorum, and in debate 
shall prevent personal reflections, and confine members 
to the question under discussion; but he shall not engage 
in any debate, nor propose his opinion on any question, 
without first calling on some member to occupy the chair. 
When two or more members rise at the same time, he 
shall name the one entitled to the floor. 



78 RULES OF TME ASSEMI'.LV^ 

6. He shall decide questions of order, subject to an ap- 
peal to the House, when demanded by any four members, 
on which appeal no member shall speak more than once, 
unless by leave of the House. 

7. All questions before the House shall be stated by the 
Speaker, and distinctly put in the following- form, to wit: 
"As many as are in favor of (the question) will say aye;" 
and after the affirmative is expressed, "Those of a con- 
trary opinion, no." If the Speaker doubts, or a division be 
called for, the House shall divide; those in the affirmative 
of the question shall first rise from their seats, and after- 
wards those in the negative; and in case of an equal divi- 
sion, the Speaker shall decide. 

8. All Committees shall be appointed by the Speaker, un- 
less otherwise specially directed by the House. 

9. All acts, addresses and joint resolutions shall be signed 
by the Speaker; and all writs, warrants and subpoenas is- 
sued by the order of the House shall be under his hand 
and seal, and attested by the Clerk. If the Speaker be ab- 
sent, a less nvimber of members than a quorum may ap- 
point a Speaker pro tempore, who may sign any warrants, 
or perform any act requisite to bring in absent members. 

10. He shall have a general direction of the hall, and he 
may name a member to perform the duties of the Chair; 
but such substitution shall not extend beyond a second 
adjournment. 

OP THE ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

11. After the reading of the journal, the business of the 
first meeting of each day shall be conducted in the follow- 
ing manner, to wit: 

I. Letters, petitions and memorials, remonstrances and 
accompanying documents may be presented and dis- 
posed of. 

II. Reports of Committees may be read. 

III. Original resolutions may be offered and considered; 
items of unfinished business referred; motions to recon- 
sider and to appoint additional members of Committees 
made; and leave of absence, leave to withdraw documents, 
and leave to introduce bills asked. 

LEAVE FOR BILLS AND TO INTRODUCE BILLS. 

IV. Bills and joint resolutions on a third reading may be 
taken up. 

V. The House shall then proceed in the order of the day, 
preference being always given to the unfinished business 
of the previous sitting; after which bills and joint resolu- 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. TH 

tions on a second reading- shall be taken in their order; 
and the House, in its afternoon session, will proceed to 
business as though there had been no adjournment of its 
morning session, excepting that original resolutions, and 
leave to introduce bills of Committees, be the first business 
in the afternoon session; and shall, on demand of the ma- 
jority, proceed with the order of the day. 

12. The Clerk shall make a list of all public bills and 
joint resolutions. He shall keep a separate calendar of 
private bills. No bills for granting, continuing, altering, 
amending, or renewing a charter for any corporation, 
other than a municipal corporation, shall be placed on the 
calendar of public bills. All bills, public and private, shall 
be numbered according to the time of their introduction 
into the House. They shall be taken up and considered 
in the order of time in which they were reported, or or- 
dered to a third reading, as appears by the calendar; and 
the calendar shall be proceeded in until all the bills there- 
on are called up before the commencement of the calendar 
anew. 

13. All messages shall be sent from this House to the 
Senate by the Clerk. 

OF DECORUM AND DEBATE. 

14. When a member is about to speak in debate, or com- 
municate any matter to the House, he shall rise from his 
seat and respectfully address himself to the Speaker, con- 
fining himself to the question under debate, and avoiding 
personality. 

15. If any member In debate transgress the rules of the 
House, the Speaker shall, or any member may, call him 
to order, in which case the member so called to order shall 
immediately sit down, unless permitted to explain. The 
House shall, if appealed to, decide on the case, but with- 
out debate; if there be no appeal, the decision of the Chair 
shall be submitted to. If the decision be in favor of the 
member called to order, he shall be at liberty to proceed; 
if otherwise, he shall not be permitted to proceed without 
leave of the House, and if the case require it, he shall be 
liable to censure of the House. 

16. If a member be called to order for words spoken in 
debate, the person calling him to order shall repeat the 
words excepted to, and they shall be taken down in writ- 
ing at the Clerk's table; and no member shall be held to 
answer, or be subject to the censure of the House, for 
words spoken in debate, if ^ny other member has spoken, 



80 Rl'LES OF THE ASSEMKEY. 

or other business has intervened after the words spoken, 
and before exception to them shall have been taken. 

17. No member shall speak more than twiee, or longer 
than five minutes each time, without leave of the House. 

18. While the Speaker is putting any question, or ad- 
dressing the House, none shall walk out of or across the 
hall; nor in such case, or when a member is speaking, 
shall anyone entertain private discourse; nor shall anyone, 
while a member is speaking, pass between him and the 
Chair. 

19. No member shall vote on any question in the event of 
which he is particularly interested, nor in any case where 
he was not within the bar of the House when the question 
was put. 

20. Every member who shall be in the House when the 
question is put shall give his vote, unless the House for 
special reasons shall excuse him. All motions to excuse a 
member from voting shall be made before the House di- 
vides, or before the call of the yeas and nays is com- 
menced; any member requesting to be excused from vot- 
ing may make a brief verbal statement of the reasons for 
such request, and the question shall then be taken without 
further debate. 

21. Petitions, memorials and other papers addressed to 
the House shall be presented by the Speaker, or by a mem- 
ber in his place; a brief statement of the contents thereof 
shall be made by the introducer, and, if called upon, he 
shall declare that it does not, in his opinion, contain any 
indecent or reproachful language, or any expressions of 
disrespect to the House, or any committee of the same. 

22. It shall be the duty of the Sergeant-at-Arms, at all 
times, not to allow any person to smoke in the Assembly 
chamber. 

ON MOTIONS. 

23. Every motion shall be reduced to writing, if the 
Speaker or any member desire it. 

24. When a motion is made and seconded, it shall be 
stated by the Speaker, or being in writing, it shall be 
handed to the Chair and read aloud by the Clerk, when it 
shall be deemed to be in the possession of the House and 
open to debate; but it may be withdrawn at any time be- 
fore a decision or amendment. 

25. When a question is under debate no motion shall be 
received but— 

1. To adjourn. 

2. A call of the House. 



RTLES OF THE ASSEMBLY. SI 

1 To lay on the table. 
;. For the previous question. 
'. To postpone indefinitely. 
;. To postpone to a day certain. 
7. To go into a Committee of the Whole on the pending 

subject immediately. 
^. To commit to a Committee of the Whole. 
?. To commit to a Standing Committee. 

10. To commit to a Select Committee. 

11. To amend. 

Which several motions shall have precedence in the order 
in which they are stated, and no motion to postpone to a 
day certain, to commit, or to postpone indefinitely, being 
decided, shall be again allowed on the same day, and at 
the same stage of the bill or proposition. 

26. A motion to strike out the enacting clause of a bill or 
joint resolution shall have precedence of a motion to 
amend, and if carried shall be considered equivalent to its 
rejection. 

27. A motion to adjourn shall be always in order, except 
when the House is voting, or while a member is addressing 
the House, or immediately after the question to adjourn 
has been negatived; that, and the motion to lay on the 
table, shall be decided without debate. 

28. Any member may call for a division of the question, 
which shall be divided if it comprehends questions so dis- 
tinct that one being taken away from the rest may stand 
entire for the decision of the House; a motion to strike 
out and insert shall be deemed indivisible; but a motion to 
strike out being lost, shall preclude neither amendment 
nor a motion to strike out and insert. 

29. When any motion shall be made and seconded, the 
same shall, at the request of any two members, be en- 
tered on the Jtjurnal of the House. 

3C. AVhen a motion has been once made and carried in 
the affirmative or negative, it shall be in order for any 
member who voted with the prevailing party to move for 
the recorisideration thereof, on the same day or on the 
next day of actual session of the House thereafter; ail 
motions may be reconsidered, by a majority of the mem- 
bers present; but bills, to be reconsidered, must have the 
same majority that would be necessary to pass them; ana 
such vote, on motion to reconsider, shall be by taking the 
yeas and naj's. 

31. When a blank is to be filled, the question shall first 
be taken on the largest sura., or greatest number, and re- 
motest day. 
6 



82 RULES OF THE ASSEMP^LY. 

32. The yeas and nays shall be entered on the Journal of 
the House, when moved for and seconded by five members, 
and in taking: the yeas and nays the names of the mem- 
bers, including- the Speaker, shall be called alphabetically. 

?j?>. The previous question shall be put in this form: 
"Shall the main question be now put?" It shall only be 
admitte.l when demanded by a majority of the members 
present, and its effect shall be, if decided affirmatively, to 
put an end to all debate, and bring the House to a direct 
vote upon amendments reported by a committee, if any, 
then upon pending: amendments, and then upon the main 
question; if decided in the negative, to leave the main 
question and amendments if any, under debate for the 
residue of the sitting, unless sooner disposed of by taking 
the question, or in some other manner. All incidental 
questions of order arising after a motion is made for the 
previous question, and pending such motion, shall be de- 
cided, whether on appeal or otherwise, without debate. 

34. After the Clerk has commenced calling the yeas and 
nays on any question, no motion shall be received until a 
decision shall have been announced by the Chair. 

OF COMMITTEES. 

35. The following Standing Committees shall be appoint- 
ed at the commencement of the session, until otherwise 
ordered: 

A Committee of Ways and Means. 

A Committee on Bill Revision. 

A Committee on the Judiciary. 

A Committee on Agriculture and Agricultural College. 

A Committee on Appropriations. 

A Committee on Education. 

A Committee on Elections. 

A Committee on Printed Bills. 

A Committee on Municipal Corporations. 

A Committee on Boroughs and Borough Commissions. 

A Committee on Militia. 

A Committee on Claims and Revolutionary Pensions. 

A Committee on Corporations. 

A Committee on Banks and Insurance. 

A Committee on Unfinished Business. 

A Committee on Incidental Expenses. 

A Committee on Stationery. 

A Committee on Ripariap Rights. 

A Committee on Revision of Laws. 

A Committee on Game and Fisheries. 

A Committee on Miscellaneous Business. 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. 83 

A Committee on Railroads and Canals. 
A Committee on Labor and Industries. 
A Committee on Towns and Townships. 
A Committee on Public Health. 
A Committee on Federal Relations. 
A Committee on Commerce and Navigation. 
Which several committees shall consist of five members 
each. 

JOINT COMMITTEES. 

The following Joint Committees, of five members each, 
shall also be appointed to act conjointly with correspond- 
ing committees to be appointed by the Senate: 

A Committee on the Treasurer's Accounts. 

A Committee on the State Prison. 

A Committee on Printing. 

A Committee on the State Library. 

A Committee on the State Hospitals. 

A Committee on Public Grounds and Buildings. 

A Committee on Passed Bills. 

A Committee on Sinking Fund. 

A Committee on Soldiers' Home. 

A Committee on Reform School for Boys. 

A Committee on Industrial School for Girls. 

A Committee on the New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes. 

36. The several Standing Committees of the House shall 
have leave to report by bill or otherwise. 

37. No committee sli,all sit during the sitting of the House, 
without special leave. 

38. All committees appointed at the first sitting shall con- 
tinue to act during every subsequent sitting of the same 
Legislature, or until they have reported on the business 
committed to them, or have been discharged. 

OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE. 

39. In forming a Committee of the Whole House, the 
Speaker shall leave his chair, and a chairman to preside 
in committee shall be appointed by the Speaker. 

40. The rules of proceeding in the House shall be ob- 
served, as far as practicable, in Committee of the Whole, 
except that any member may speak oftener than twice 
on the same subject, but shall not speak a second time 
until. every member choosing to speak shall have spoken; 
nor shall a motion for the previous question be made 
therein. 

41. All amendments made in Committee of the Whole 
shall be noted by the Clerk, but need not be read by the 



84 RULES Ol*^ THE ASSI-:M IJl.Y. 

Speaker on his resuming the chair, unless required by the 
House. 

ON BILLS AND JOINT RESOLUTIONS. 

42. All bills and joint resolutions shall be introduced bj' 
motion for leave, or on the report of a committee, and. 
the member offering- the same shall indorse his name on 
them, that the committee may confer with him should 
they so desire. 

43. Every bill and joint resolution shall receive three sep- 
arate readings in the House previous to its passage, but no 
bill or joint resolution shall be read twice on the same- 
day, without special order of the House. 

44. All bills and joint resolutions shall, after their first 
reading, be printed for the use of the members, and re- 
ferred to their appropriate committees. 

45. All bills and joint resolutions may be made the order 
of a particular day, on which day they shall be taken up 
in preference to others on the calendar; and the calendar 
of private bills shall not be taken up until the calendar of 
public bills shall have been been gone through with. 

46. All bills and joint resolutions, previous to their final 
passage by the House, all petitions, motions and reports, 
may be committed at the pleasure of the House. And the 
recommitment of any bill or resolution, when the same 
has been ordered to a third reading, shall have the effect 
of placing the same upon the second I'eading. 

47. Printed bills and joint resolutions shall be used on 
their second and third readings, and no amendment shall 
be received to any bill or joint resolution on its third read- 
ing. 

48. When bills or joint resolutions are introduced, the 
Clerk of the House shall forthwith deliver the same to the 
Supervisor of Bills, who shall prepare them for printing 
in conformity with the rules defining the duties of said 
officer. 

49. Original bills and joint resolutions, after being print- 
ed, shall be delivered by the said Supervisor of Bills to the 
Clerk. 

50. Bills and joint losolutions originating in and passed 
by the House and amended by the Senate, when concurred 
in by the House, shall be delivered by the Clerk to the 
Supervisor of Bills for re-printing. 

51. Bills and joint resolutions which have passed their 
second reading, together with all amendments thereto, 
shall be delivered bj the Clerk to the Supervisor of Bills, 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. s' 

who shall see that the same are in proper form for print- 
ing- for third reading. 

52. When the Supervisor of Bills receives from the printer 
the bill or joint resolution ordered to a third reading 
and the same shall be found correct, he shall affix his 
official stamp to each page of the copy to be used as the 
official copy and intended to be submitted to the Governor 
for his approval and shall deliver the same to the Clerk. 

53. Two copies of every bill and of every joint resolution 
ordered to a third reading shall be printed on good bond 
paper, to be approved by the Supervisor of Bills, one of 
which copies shall be retained in his office and the other 
of which shall be delivered to the Clerk, to be used there- 
after as the official copy of said bill or joint resolution. 

54. The Supervisor of Bills shall have printed, for the 
use of the members of the Legislature, at least one hun- 
dred copies of every bill or joint resolution ordered to a 
third reading, which shall be known and designated as 
"Official Copy Re-print." The Supervisor of Bills shall 
deliver twenty-one copies of all bills and joint resolutions 
designated as "Official Copy Re-print" to the Secretary of 
the Senate, and sixty copies to the Clerk of the House, and 
he shall retain the remainder in his own custody, for the 
use of State and Legislative officers. 

55. Except as otherwise provided, the system and pro- 
cedure which have heretofore prevailed shall be followed in 
the preparation of all bills and joint resolutions for their 
various readings, as far as practicable. 

56. On a motion to strike out any item in the incidental 
bill, the question to be submitted to the House shall be, 
"Shall the item be retained in the bill?" and a majority 
of all the members of the House shall be necessary to 
adopt the sa-me. 

57. After the introduction of any private bill, the appli- 
cants for said bill shall, at their own expense, furnish the 
usual number of copies for the use of the members, unless 
the printing thereof be dispensed with by a special order 
of the House. 

58. On the question of the final passage of all bills and 
joint resolutions, the yeas and nays shall be entered on 
the Journal of the House. 

59. Whenever a bill or resolution that has passed the 
House shall be carried to the Senate, all papers and docu- 
ments relating thereto, on the files of the House, shall be 
carried with such bill or resolution to the Senate, 



86 RULES OF THE ASSEMBT Y. 

OF RULES. 

60. No standing rule or order of the IIou.se shall be re- 
scinded or changed without one day's notice being given of 
the motion therefor; nor shall any rule be suspended ex- 
cept by a vote of the majority of the whole number of 
members of the House. 

61. When an Assembly bill is returned amended by the 
Senate, the report thereof by the Secretary of the Senate 
shall be taken as the first reading, and the same be en- 
titled to a second reading, without a motion for that pur- 
pose; after its second reading, the question shall be, "Shall 
the Senate amendments to Assembly bill No. — have a 
third reading?" If ordered to a third reading, the amend- 
ments shall be read, but these readings shall be on differ- 
ent days; the question shall then be, "Will the House of 
Assembly concur in the Senate amendments to Assembly 
bill No. — ?" upon which question the votes shall be by 
yeas and nays. If concurred in by a majority of the whole 
House, the bill shall be re-printed, the amendments em- 
bodied therein, and the re-printed bill examined and re- 
ported upon by the Committee on Printed Bills, and read 
in open Assembly, to the end that it may be known to be 
correctly printed, and then signed and certified as other 
bills. 

62. Cushing's Manual shall in all cases, when not in con- 
flict with the rules adopted by the House, be considered 
and held as standard authority. 

63. No person shall be allowed on the floor of the House 
during its sessions except State officers and members and 
officers of the Senate, unless by written permission of the 
Speaker. 

64. No committee of this House shall report a bill ad- 
versely without notifying the introducer of the bill; nor 
shall such adverse report be acted upon unless the intro- 
ducer of the bill is in his seat. 

65. After the calling of the roll has been commenced upon 
any question, no member shall be permitted to explain his 
vote. 

66. Every bill amended in the House, after its report by 
the committee to which it was referred upon introduction, 
shall, when ordered to be printed and have a third reading, 
be delivered to the Committee on Bill Revision, whose duty 
it shall be to examine the same, and if it be found that 
such amendment agrees with the context the" bill shall 
then be printed. If in the opinion of the committee such 
amendm.ent is, as to form, imprtjper, they shall report to 



RULES OF THE ASSEMBLY. S? 

the House with such recommendation as they think tit. 
Such repoi't shall be made promptly. 

67. That hereafter any motion or resolution which will 
result in relieving a standing committee of a bill referred 
to it, shall not be entertained unless twenty-four hours' 
notice shall be given the House of the introduction of such 
motion or resolution. 



j(^ix'i' Krr.KS AND oi{iH':i:s. 

JOINT RULES AND ORDERS 

OF THE 

SENATE AND GENERAL ASSEMBLY, 



1. In every case of an amenrlment of a bill agreed to in 
one House and dissented from in the other, if either House 
shall request a conference and appoint a committee for 
that purpose, and the other House shall also appoint a 
committee to confer, such committee shall, at a conven- 
ient hour, to be agreed on by their respective chairmen, 
meet in conference, and state to each other, verbally or 
in writing, as either shall choose, the reasons of their re- 
spective houses for and against the amendment, and con- 
fer freely thereon. 

2. After each House shall have adhered to its disagree- 
ment, a bill or resolution shall be lost. 

3. When a bill or resolution which shall have passed in 
one House is rejected in the other, notice thereof shall be 
sent to the House in which the same shall have passed. 

' 4. Each House, in which any bill or resolution shall have 
passed, shall transmit therewith to' the other House, all 
papers and documents relating to the same. 

5. When a message shall be ^nt from either House to 
the other it shall be announced at the door of the House 
by the doorkeeper, and shall be respectfully communi- 
cated to the Chair by the person by whom it is sent. 

6. After a bill shall have passed both Houses it shall be 
delivered by the Clerk of the Assembly or the Secretary 
of the Senate, as the bill may have originated in one House 
or the other, to a Joint Committee on Passed Bills, of 
two from each House, appointed as a Standing Commit- 
tee for that purpose, and shall be presented by said Com- 
mittee to the Governor for his approbation, it being first 
indorsed on the back of the bill certifying in which House 
the same originated, which indorsement shall be signed 
by the Secretary or Clerk, as the case may be, of the 
House in which the same did originate, and shall be en- 
tered on the Journal of each House. The said committee 
shall report on the day of presentation to the Governor, 
which time shall also be carefully entered on the Journal 
of each House. 



CONSTITUTIONAL CON V^KNTION. 

CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION 

OF 1844. 



List of Delegates elected to the Convention to form a 
p-overnment for the people of the State of New Jersey, 
which met at Trenton, on May 14th, 1S44, and continued 
to June 29th of the same year. The constitution was agreed 
to in convention by a vote of 55 to 1 (Mr. Condit), Mr. 
Stokes being excused from voting. It was ratified by the 
people on August 13th, 1844, by a vote of 20,276 for, and 
3,526 against, 69 ballots being rejected. The figures indicate 
the ages of the respective members. The compiler of this 
M^ork is indebted to Hon. G. D. W. Vroom, of Trenton, for 
the important data given. 

Atlantic County.— Jonathan Pitney, 46, physician. 

Bergen County.— John Cassed3^ 47, gentleman; Alexander 
Westervelt, 50, gentleman. 

Burlington County.— William R.. Allen, 42, farmer; Jon- 
athan J. Spencer, 51, physician; Charles Stokes, 52, farm- 
er; John C. Ten Eyck, 30, lawyer; Moses Wills, 51, mer- 
chant. 

Camden County. — Abraham Browning, 35, lawyer; John 
W. Mickle, 50, mariner. 

Cape May County.— Joshua Swain, 66, farmer. 

Cumberland County.— Joshua Brick, 62, farmer; Daniel 
Elmer, 59, lawyer; William B. Ewing, 68, physician. 

Essex County.— Silas Condit, 66, gentleman; Oliver S. 
Halsted, 51, lawyer; Joseph C. Llornblower, 67, lawyer; 
David Naar, 43, farmer; William Stites, 52. merchant; 
Elias Van Arsdale, 73, lawyer; Isaac H. Williamson, 71, 
lawyer. 

Gloucester County.— John R. Sickler, 4.3, physician; 
Charles C. Stratton, 48, farmer. 

Hudson County.— Robert Gilchrist, 52, county clerk. 

Hunterdon Covmty.— Peter I.. Clark, 53, lawyer; David 
Neighbour, 46, merchant; Jonathan Pickle, 45, farmer; 
Alexander Wurts, 48, lawyer. 

Mercer County.— Richard S. Field, 39, lawyer; Henry W. 
Green, 39, lawyer; John R. Thomson, 43, gentleman. 

Middlesex County.— Moses Jaques, 73, farmer; James 
Parker, 68, farmer; Joseph F. Randolph, 40, lawyer; James 
C. Zabriskie, 40, tailor. 

Monmouth County.— Bernard Connolly, 40, printer; Geo. 



% CONSTTTUTIONAT. CONVRNTTOK. 

F. Fort n5, physician; Thomas G. Haiftht, 40, fanni-r; Dan- 
iel TTolmes, HO, fMrmor; Robert Laird, n2, physician. 

Morris County.— Francis Child, 51, farmer; Mah^on Dick- 
erson, 73, lawyer; Ephraim Marsh, 48, farmer; William N. 
Wood, 38, lawyer. 

Passaic County.— Elias B. D. Ogden. 44, lawyer; Andrew 
Parsons, 53, merchant. 

Salem County.— Alexander G. Cattell, 28, merchant; John 
H. Lambert, 45, merchant; Richard P. Thompson, 39, attor- 
ney-general. 

Somerset County.— George H. Brown, 34, lawyer; Ferdi- 
nand S. Schenck, 54, physician; Peter D. Vroom, 52, law- 
yer. 

Sussex County.— John Bell, 58, merchant; Joseph E. Ed- 
sall, 54, manufacturer; Martin Ryerson, 29, lawyer. 

Warren County.— Samuel Hibbler. 44, painter; P. B. Ken- 
nedy, 42, lawyer; R. S. Kennedy, 41, farmer. 

Presidents of the Convention— Isaac H. Williamson, Es- 
sex (resigned June 2Sth, 1844); Alexander Wurts, Hunter- 
don. 

Vice President— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 

Secretary— William Paterson, 27, lawyer, Middlesex. 

Assistant Secretary — Th. S. Saunders, 35, physician, Glou- 
cester. 

Recapitulation.— Lawyers, 20; farmers, 14; physicians, 7; 
merchants, 7; other professions, 10; ex-Governors, 3; ex- 
Members of Congress, 7. Four between 70 and SO years of 
age; six between 60 and 70; seventeen between 50 and 60; 
twenty between 40 and 50; nine between 30 and 40; two 
under 30. 

The only survivor on January 1st, VMi, was Robert Laird. 



CONSTTTTTTONAT. rOMMTSSTON. 1S7?.. 

CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 

OF 187.3. 



On April 4th. 1873. the Legislature passed a concurrent 
resolution empowering- the Governor to appoint. l3y and 
with the advice of the Senate, a commission of two persons 
from each Congressional District, to suggest and propose 
arriendments to the State Constitution for submission to 
and consideration by the next two Legislatures, and after- 
wards to be submitted to a vote of the people. 

On April 24th. of the same year. Governor Parker nomi- 
nated the following gentlemen, who were duly confirmed 
by the Senate: 

First District— Benjamin F. Carter, Woodbury; Samuel 
H. Grey. Camden. Second District— Mercer Beasley. Tren- 
ton; John C. Ten Eyck. Mount Holly. Third District- 
Robert S. Green, Elizabeth; John F. Babcock. New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District — Martin Ryerson and Jacob L. 
Swayze, both of Newton. Fifth District— Augustus W. 
Cutler. Morristown; Benjamin Buckley. Paterson. Sixth 
District— Theodore Runyon and John W. Taylor, both of 
Newark. Seventh District— Abraham O. Zabriskie and 
Robert Gilchrist, both of Jersey City. 

Shortly afterwards Chief Justice Mercer Beasley declined 
to serve, and Philemon Dickinson, of Trenton, was ap- 
pointed in his stead. Martin Ryerson resigned and Joseph 
Thompson, of Somerset, was appointed to fill the vacancy. 
Chancellor Theodore Runyon also declined and George J. 
Ferry, of Orange, was appointed in his stead. Ex-Chan- 
cellor Zabriskie was unanimously elected president of the 
Commission, and upon his decease, which occurred in a 
short time afterwards, Dudley S. Gregory, of Jersey City, 
was appointed to fill the vacancy in the Seventh District. 
John C. Ten Eyck was elected president, vice Zabriskie, 
deceased. The secretaries were Joseph L. Naar and Ed- 
ward J. Anderson, both of Trenton. Subsequently Robert 
Gilchrist resigned and William Brinkerhoff, of Jersey City, 
was appointed in his place. John W. Taylor also resigned 
and Algernon S. Hubbell, of Newark, was appointed in his 
place. 

The first session of the Commission was held on May Sth, 
1873, and the last on December 23d, of the same year. The 
amendments submitted were partially adopted by the two 
succeeding Legislatures, and were ratified by a vote of the 
people at a special election held on September 7th, 1S75. 



C'-XS'ri'm'IONWI. COMMISSIOX. 1s;i 



CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION 



Tn pursuance of a Joint Resolution of the L.e??islature, 
approved on May 17th, 1894, "for the appointment of Con>- 
missioners to report amendments of the system of juris- 
prudence of this State, and provide for the election of cf-r- 
cain officers by the people," Governor Werts sent the fol- 
lowing nominations to the Senate, all of which were con- 
firmed: 

At Large— John P. Stockton. Trenton: Allan T.. McDor- 
mott, Jersey City; Samuel H. Grey, Camden; and William 
Walter Phelps, Englewood. 

First District— George Hires. Salem; Howard Carrov.', 
Camden. Second District— William M. Lanning, Trenton; 
Edward D. Stokes, Mount Holly. Third District— Henrj- 
Mitchell, Asbury Park; George C. Ludlow. New Bruns- 
wick. Fourth District— John Franklin Fort. East Orange; 
Carman F. Randolph, Morristown. Fifth District— Garret 
A. Hobart. Paterscn; John D. Probst, Englewood. Sixth 
District— Edward Balbach, Jr., and Frederick Freling- 
huysen, Newark. Seventh District— Edwin A. Stevens, 
Hoboken; Joseph D. Bedle, Jersey City. Eighth District- 
John Kean, Jr., Elizabeth; John McC. Morrow, Newark. 

Messrs. Hobart and Balbach declined to serve on the 
Commission, and their places were filled by the appoint- 
ment of Eugene Emley, of Paterson, and E. Cortlandt 
Drake, of Newark. 

On Tuesday, June 5th, the Commission met in the Senate 
Chamber, at Trenton, and organized by the election of 
Samuel H. Grey as President; George C. Ludlow, Vice 
President, and Joseph L. Naar, of Trenton, Secretary. 
The last session of the Commission was held on Septem- 
ber 25th. Several amendments were suggested by the Com- 
mission and submitted, through the Governor, to the Leg- 
islature, none of which were adopted by that body. 



SPECIAL ELECTION. 1897. 93 



SPECIAL ELECTION— 1897. 



A special election was held on Tuesday, September 28th, 
1897, on proposed amendments to the State Constitution. 

One made paragraph 2, Section VII., of Article IV., read 
as follows: 

2. No lottery shall be authorized by the legislature or 
otherwise in this State, and no ticket in any lottery shall 
be bought or sold within this State, nor shall pool-selling, 
book-making or gambling of any kind be authorized or 
allowed within this State, nor shall any gambling device, 
practice or game of chance now prohibited by law be 
legalized, or the remedy, penalty or punishment now pro- 
vided therefor be in any way diminished. 

This was adopted by a vote of 70,443 to 69,642. 

Another made the following addition to Section XII. of 
Article V. : 

No person who shall have been nominated to the senate 
by the governor for any office of trust or profit under the 
government of this State, and shall not have been con- 
firmed before the recess of the legislature, shall be eligible 
for appointment to such office during the continuance of 
such recess. 

This was adopted by a vote of 73,722 to 66,296. 

Another amended Section I., Article II., as follows: 

And every female citizen of the United States of the age 
of twenty-one years, who shall have been a resident of 
this State one year and of the county of which she claims 
her vote five months next before said meeting, shall be 
entitled to vote at any school meeting held in any school 
district of this State, in which she may reside, for mem- 
bers of boards of education and all other school officers 
that now are or. hereafter may be elected at such meet- 
ings. 

This was defeated, the affirmative vote being 65,021 and 
the negative 75,170. 

The amendments adopted became a part of the Consti- 
tution on October 26th, 1897, the date of the Governor's 
proclamation to that effect. 

The f ollov* ing is the vote in detail by counties: 



Si'iJClAi. ELi:CT10N, IS'JT. 

Anti- Ad-interim Woman ►^ 
Gambling. Ap'ntm'ts. Suffrage, '^p 



COUNTIKS. 



hrj (> trj |> hrj |> 

C aq O (T? O 00 

►1 {U -s p -J p 



Atlantic 1,193 1,173 1,210 1,155 1,150 1,216 13 

Bergen 2,926 2,099 3,130 1,895 2,703 2.432 41 

Burlington .3,437 2,279 3,563 2,151 3,431 2,286 43 

Camden 5,406 5,304 5,577 5,124 4,899 5,804 59 

Cape May 784 202 800 186 755 231 4 

Cumberland 2,957 586 2,925 619 2,662 S81 14 

Essex 12,089 12,213 12,713 11,590 10,445 13,853 211 

Gloucester 2,332 1,190 2,271 1,251 2,035 1,491 5 

Hudson 7,342 16,512 8,293 15,558 7,431 16,413 160 

Hunterdon 2,320 753 2,320 753 2,142 931 14 

Mercer 3,560 4,673 3,795 4,433 3,412 4,818 73 

Middlesex 3,096 2,619 3,428 2,282 2,518 3,196 29 

Monmouth 3,633 4,429 4,061 4,002 3,906 4,154 82 

Morris 3,384 1,191 3,397 1,153 3,140 1,435 48 

Ocean 857 616 888 5S5 803 670 12 

Passaic 4,051 5,7-34 4,188 5,582 3,752 6,031 51 

Salem 1,658 524 1,619 563 1,573 609 3 

Somerset 1,900 733 1,892 741 1,616 1,017 8 

Sussex 921 323 982 262 892 352 4 

Union 4,543 5,766 4,607 5,696 3,915 6,413 80 

Warren 2.054 723 2,063 715 1,841 937 7 

Totals 70,443 69,642 73,722 66,296 65,021 75,170 961 

Majority 801 7,426 10,149 

The following counties gave majorities in favor of the 
anti-gambling amendment: 

Atlantic, 20; Bergen, 827; Burlington, 1,15S; Camden, 102; 
Cape May, 582; Cumberland, 2,371; Gloucester, 1,142; Hun- 
terdon, 1,567; Middlesex, 477; Morris, 2,193; Ocean, 241; 
Salem, 1,134; Somerset, 1,167; Sussex, 598; Warren, 1,331. 
Total, 14,910. 

The following counties gave majorities against the 
amendment: 

Essex, 124; Hudson, 9,170; Mercer, 1,113; Monmouth, 796; 
Passaic, 1,683; Union, 1,22.3. Total, 14.109. 

Net majority for the amendment, 801. 



THE EXECUTIVE. 95 



THE EXECUTIVE. 



PREROGATIVES AND DUTIES OP THE GOVERNOR. 

The Governor is Commander-in-Chief of all the military 
and naval forces of the State; is President (ex-ofRcio) of 
the Board of Trustees of Princeton and Rutgers Colleges, 
and also of Burlington College, and of the Board of Man- 
agers of the Geological Survey. He is Chairman of the 
State Board of Canvassers, and has power to fill any 
vacancy for New Jersey that may occur in the United 
States Senate, during a recess of the Legislature. 

He is a member of the following Boards: Trustees of 
School Fund; Riparian Commissioners; Court of Pardons; 
Commissioners of Agricultural College Fund; Premium 
Committee of the New Jersey State Agricultural Society; 
Commissioners of the State Library and State House Com- 
mission. 

With the advice and consent of the Senate, he has the 
power of appointing the following officers: Chancellor, 
Chief Justice; Judges of the Supreme Court and Circuit 
Courts; Inferior Courts and Lay Judges of the Court of 
Errors and Appeals; Attorney-General, Secretary of State, 
Clerk of the Court of Chancery, Clerk of the Supreme 
Court, Keeper of the State Prison, a Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance, a Superintendent of Public In- 
struction, Prosecutors of the Pleas, Visitors to the State 
Board of Agriculture, State Board of Assessors, State 
Board of Education, Chief of Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
Major-General, Quartermaster-General, Adjutant-General, 
Inspector of Factories and Workshops, Supervisor of the 
State Prison, six Inspectors of the State Prison, Commis- 
sioners of Pilotage, the Board of Managers of the State 
Hospitals, the Trustees of the Jamesburg Reform School 
and the State Industrial School for Girls, Judges of the 
District Courts, Riparian Commissioners, Commissioners 
of Fisheries, Managers for the Home for Feeble-Minded 
Women, Port Wardens and Harbor Masters, State Board 
of Medical Examiners. 

Without the consent of the Senate: Foreign Commis- 
sioners of Deeds; New Jersey State Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation, and State Board of Health, State Board of 
Dentistry, Inspectors of Steamboats, Private Secretary, 
Notaries Public, Moral Instructors of the State Prison, 



or, THE EXKCI'TIVl-:. 

Railroad Pdliccmen, and fill all vacancies that occur in any 
ofRcp during a recess of the I^egislature. which offices are 
to be filled by the Governor and Senate, or Legislature 
in Joint Meeting; also, vacancies happening in the offices 
of Clerk or Surrogate in any county; issues warrants for 
the admission of blind and feeble-minded children into 
institutions; grants requisitions and renditions, and has 
power to offer rewards for apprehending and securing 
persons charged with certain crimes; signs or vetoes all 
bills and joint resolutions passed bj^ the Legislature; has 
power to convene the. Legislature, or Senate alone, if, in 
his opinion, public necessity requires it; grants, under 
the Great Seal of the State, commissions to all such officers 
as require to be commissioned; has right to borrow money 
for the State; sign all leases or grants issvied by the Ripar- 
ian Commissioners; he has power to reprieve in cases of 
capital punishment, and to suspend fines at any time not 
exceeding ninety days after conviction, and in case of par- 
don or commutation of sentence, the Governor's vote in 
the affirmative is necessary. 

Besides all these duties, the Governor finds it necessary 
to read and answer a large mass of correspondence, which 
comes to the department daily. All bills and joint resolu- 
tions passed by the Legislature are compared, and then 
indexed in the Executive Department, before presentation 
to the Governor. 

He receives a salary of $10,C:00 a j^ear, and i.s not allowed 
any fees or perquisites whatever. 

His term of office is three years. 



OFFICES FILLED BY THE LEGISLATURE IN JOINT 
MEETING. 

State Treasurer, State Comptroller, Commissioners of 
Deeds and State Director of Railroads and Canals. 



COUNTIES, CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 

CLASSIFICATION OF COUNTIES, 
CITIES AND BOROUGHS. 



COUNTIES. 
(See Act of February 7th, 1SS.3.) 

First Class— Having- a population exceeding 150,000. Hud- 
son, 328,080; Essex, 312,000. 

Second Class— Having a population between 50,000 and 
150,000. Passaic, 1.33.227; Camden. 100,104; Mercer, 85,538; 
Union, 85.504; Monmouth, 75,543; Middlesex, 70,058; Bergen, 
65,251; Morris, 59,536; Burlington, 59,117. 

Third Class— Having a population between 20,000 and 
50,000. Cumberland, 49,815; Warren, 37,283; Hunterdon. 
35.334; Atlantic, 34.7-50; Gloucester, 31,191; Somerset, 30,447; 
Salem, 26.084; Sussex, 22,586. 

Fourth Class— Ocean, 18,739; Cape May, 12,855. 

CITIES. 
(See Act of March 4th, 1882.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 100,000. New- 
ark. 215,806; Jersey City, 182,713. 

Second Class— Having a population between 12,000 and 
100,000. Paterson, 97,344; Camden, 63.467; Trenton, 62,518; 
Hoboken, 54,083; Elizabeth, 43,8.34; Orange, 22,792; New 
Brunswick. 19,910; Bayonne, 19,856; Passaic, 17,894; Plain- 
field, 13,629; Bridgeton, 13,292; Perth Amboy, 13,030. 

Third Class — All cities not embraced in the first and sec- 
ond classes except cities lying on the Atlantic ocean, and 
having seaside or summer resorts. 

Fourth Class— All cities lying on the Atlantic ocean and 
being seaside and summer resorts. 

BOROUGHS. 
(See Act of March 23d, 1883, and Supreme Court decision. 

State, Borough of Hightstown, pros., vs. James Glenn, 

18 Vr., page 105.) 

First Class— Having a population exceeding 3,000. 

Second Class— Having a population between 1,.500 and 
3,000. 

Third Class— All boroughs and incorporated villages not 
contained in the first and second classes. 
7 



THE STATK CAl'ITOU 



STATE INSTITUTIONS. 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 

This edifice, a massive structure, erected at sundry times 
and various periods, is located on West State street, at 
the corner of Delaware street, running- thence westerly 
along State street to the grounds of the late ex-Chancellor 
Green, and southerly to the Water Power. The location 
is a good one, and although the style of the building is 
not modern, yet it answers the purposes for which it was 
intended, even if it does not present a very imposing 
appearance. 

The seat of Government was fixed at Trenton by an act 
of the Legislature, approved November 25th, 1790. James 
Cooper, Thomas Lowery, James Ewing, Maskell Ewing, 
George Anderson, James Mott and Moore Furman were 
appointed commissioners to select, purchase or accept so 
much land as was needed, and to erect thereon suitable 
buildings for the use of the Legislature. They purchased 
the present site, containing about three and three-quarters 
acres— a frontage on Second street (now West State street) 
of 247 feet and 6 inches, and a depth from the front to low 
water line of the Delaware river of 666 feet— at a ccst of 
£250 5s. The old State House was a plain, bare-looking, 
rought-cast building, and was erected at a cost of £3,992 
3s. i/2d. By an act of March 4th, 1795, a building was erected 
to serve as an oflice for the Secretary of State, and for the 
preservation of the public records, at a cost of £620 19s. lOd. 
Numerous improvements and repairs were made, and on 
March 3d, 1806, an act was passed appointing commission- 
ers to make certain repairs to the State House, to provide 
and hang a suitable bell, &c. This was done, and the bell 
was used for informing the members of both houses, as 
well as the courts, of the hour of meeting. The bell was 
eventually discarded, and an American flag substituted, 
which waves from the building unto this day, when the 
Legislature is in session, and upon holidays and State occa- 
sions. In 1848, the State House was altered by the removal 
of the rough-casting, and changing the front to the style 
of the Mercer County Court House, placing neat porticoes 
over the front and rear entrances, and erecting two addi- 
tional buildings adjoining the main one, as offices for the 
Clerks of the Chancery and Supreme Courts. The rotunda 



THE STATE CAPITOL. 99 

was also erected, and the grounds fenced, graded, laid out 
and shade trees planted, all at a cost of $27,000. The com- 
missioners under whose directions the work was com- 
pleted, were Samuel R. Gummere, Samuel R. Hamilton 
and Stacy A. Paxscn. In 1863, '64 and '65, appropriations 
were made and expended in building additions for the 
State Library, Executive Chambers, &c. In 1871, Charles 
S. Olden. Thomas J. Stryker and Lewis Perrine were 
appointed commissioners to cause a suitable addition to be 
built— more commodious apartments for the Senate and 
Assembly, &c. The sum of $50,000 was appropriated, and 
the buildings for the Legislature were ready for occupancy 
in time for the meeting of the Legislature in 1872. In 1872, 
$120,000 was appropriated for completing the building. $3,000 
for fitting up the Executive Chamber, $4,000 for fitting up 
the Chancery and Supreme Court rooms, and $2,000 for fit- 
ting up the offices on the first floor of the east wing. In 
1S73. the sum of $43,000 was appropriated for the improve- 
ment of the front of the building, completing imfinished 
repairs and improvements, and for fitting up the Library, 
&c. On March 18th, 1875, the sum of $15,000 was appro- 
priated for the purpose of putting a new three-story front 
to the building, and to fit up offices on the second floor 
for the Clerks of the Court of Chancery and Supreme 
Court, and for providing a suitable museum for geological 
specimens, and the battle-flags of New Jersey volunteer 
regiments, carried during the war of the Rebellion. 

On March 21st, 1885, the front portion was destroyed by 
fire, and the Legislature appropriated $50,000 for rebuilding, 
and, in 1886, an additional appropriation of $225,000 was 
granted. 

The new building was finished in 1889. It is of rectangu- 
lar shape and of the Renaissance style of architecture, 
with a frontage of one hundred and sixty feet on State 
street, a depth of sixty-seven feet, and three and a half 
stories high, with a rotunda thirty-nine feet across, which 
connects the new section of the Capitol with the original 
part. The rotunda is surmounted by a dome one hundred 
and forty-five feet high. 

The building has about sixty feet more frontage than 
the former' one, and approaches about ten feet nearer the 
street. 

The walls are constructed of solid, fire-proof, brick 
masonry, faced with a light-colored stone from Indiana, 
known as Salem Oolitic, with foundations and trimmings 
of New Jersey free stone, from the Prallsville quarries, in 
Hunterdon county. The portico, door-head and trimmings 



100 THE STATE CAPITOL. 

about the door are of the same material. The portico, 
with balcony, is supported by massive pillars of polished 
granite and surmounted by the coat of arms of the State. 

The apartments used for offices are very spacious, fitted 
throughout in the most approved modern style, and each 
department is supplied with one or more of the finest fire- 
proof vaults. The first and second stories .are set aside 
for offices, and the entire third story is used for the State 
Library. 

The old State Library apartments have been improved 
and extended, and are now used as offices for the Attor- 
ney-General, State Superintendent of Public Instruction 
and Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. A new 
story was added, which is used for the Geological Museum 
and State offices. 

In 1891, a new Assembly Chamber was erected. The old 
one wa.s too small and poorly ventilated, and besides, 
there was a lack of suitable committee rooms. The Legis- 
lature of 1891 passed a Joint Resolution, which was 
approved on March 20th, authorizing the Governor "to 
provide a suitable chamber and committee rooms for the 
use of the General Assembly of this State," &c., and also, 
"to make such additions and alterations as will afford the 
necessary accommodations for the Supreme Court and 
Court of Errors and Appeals, or for other State offices, 
and sufficient money is hereby appropriated for that pur- 
pose, to be paid by the Treasurer of this State on the war- 
rant of the Comptroller, after approval by the Governor." 

The new chamber was built by James W. Lanning, of 
Trenton, from plans prepared by James Moylan, of Jersey 
City, and under the superintendency of Bernard J. Ford, of 
Newark. It covers the site of the former chamber, and 
extends beyond it to Delaware street on the east and to 
the water power on the south. It has a frontage on Dela- 
ware street of 120 feet and a depth of 75 feet. The exterior 
finish and design of the building are similar to the adjoin- 
ing portion of the Capitol. The foundation is of browm 
stone, from the Stockton quarries, and the trimmings of 
light Indiana stone. The interior is finished in Trenton 
tile, quartered oak and Italian statuary marble. It is a 
fire-proof building throughout, and is specially ventilated. 
The committee rooms are ample and convenient, and the 
interior design, arrangement and finish make it a model 
legislative chamber. It cost the State $1-10.500. The cost 
of the steam heating and ventilating systems w'as about 
$25,000. 

The other new addition to the Capitol provides a consul- 



THE STATE LIBRARY. lOl 

tation room for the Judges of the Supreme Court and the 
Court of Errors and Appeals and a private room for the 
Governor, a room for the Mviseum of the Geological Sur- 
vey, and other offices, and cost $34,500. 

An electric light apparatus was also placed in the Cap- 
itol, which cost $23,000. Every department in the building 
is now lighted by electricity. 

A new Otis elevator has been placed in the front part of 
the building-, which gives easy access to all the upper 
floors. 

In 1900 the Legislature appropriated $96,000 for additions 
and alterations to the Capitol, which included the cost of 
an electric light plant. 

THE STATE LIBRARY. 

This valuable collection of books is located on the third 
floor of the State Capitol. The old saying. "Great oaks 
from little acorns grow," most appropriately applies to 
this institution. 

The first library of the State was a case ordered to be 
procured by Maskell Ewing, Clerk of the House of Assem- 
bly, for the keeping and preservation of such books as be- 
longed to the Legislature. It was ordered by a resolution 
passed March ISth. 1796. This was the nucleus of the 
present extensive library. On February ISth, 1S04, William 
Coxe, of Burlington; Ezra Darby, of Essex, and John A. 
Scudder, of Monmouth, were appointed a Committee on 
Rules, and to make a catalogue; they reported that there 
were 168 volumes belonging to the State, and presented a 
code of seven rules, which was adopted. On February 10th, 
1813, an act (the first one) was passed, entitled "An act 
concerning the State Library." Up to 1822 it appears that 
the Clerk of the House had charge of the books, as Librar- 
ian, and, on November 16th, 1822, an act was passed for 
the appointment of a State Librarian, annually, by joint 
meeting. In 1846, on April 10th, an act was passed making 
the term of office three years. The Law Library at that 
time belonged to the members of the Law Library Asso- 
ciation. The only persons allowed the use of the Library 
were members of the Association, the Chancellor, and the 
judges of the several courts. Stacy G. Potts was Treas- 
urer and Librarian of the Association. The Law Library 
was kept in the Supreme Court room until 1S37, when the 
Legislature authorized the State Librarian to fit up a 
room adjoining the Library for the care and reception of 
the books and papers belonging to the State Library. 



102 THE STATE ARSENAT.. 

Thiis the two T>ibrarips were consoliflaterl. On Marrh l^th, 
1872. $.',000 per year for three years was appropriatffl for 
the Library by the T^ef?lslatiire, and by the net of March 
15th. ISTfi, the sum of $2,500 was appropriat<'d for finishing 
anrl refurnishine: the Library room. Tn ISftO. the Library 
was removed to the third story of the new part of the 
Capitol. 



THE STATE ARSENAI.. 

The building- now used as the State Arsenal was formerly 
the old State Prison. It is situate on Second street, in the 
Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton, and has on its front 
the following- inscription: 

Labor, Silence. Penitence. 

The Penitentiary House. 

Erected by Legislative Authority. 

Richard Howell, Governor. 

In the XXII. Year of American 

Independence. MDCCXCVII. 

That Those Who Are Feared for Their 

Crimes May Learn to Fear the Laws 

And be Useful. 

Hie Labor, Hoc Opus. 

In the messages of Governors P. D. Vroom and S. L. 
Southard, recommending the erection of the new prison, 
it was proposed that the old one be converted into an 
Arsenal for the safe keeping- of the arms and military 
property of the State, which, previous to that time, had 
been kept in the old State Bank, corner of Warren and 
Bank streets, with accoutrements and camp and garrison 
equipage at the State House. After the removal of the 
State convicts from the old prison, permission was given 
to the county of Mercer to occupy it as a jail until its jail, 
then in course of completion, was finished, and when it 
was again vacated it was converted into an arsenal. 

Among the stores, &c.. at the Arsenal are one bronze 
gun, French, of the date of 175S; two bronze guns, English, 
four-pounders, and two iron six-pounders. There is also 
one gun captured at the battle of Trenton, December 26th, 
1776, and two guns captured at Yorktown, October 19th, 
17S1. There are also a large quantity of fire-arms, ammu- 
nition, ordnance, tents, clothing, blankets, &c. 



STATE HOSPITALS. 103 

STATK HOSPITAt. 

Trenton. 

This institution is located on the right bank of the Dela- 
ware River, about two miles northwest of the City Hall. 
The buildings are constructed of reddish sandstone, ob- 
tained from quarries near the hospital, and are located on 
an elevation of about seventy-five feet above the river. 
The front of the Main or Administration Building is orna- 
mented by a handsome porch of Ionic architecture, de- 
signed by the celebrated Notman. from which may be ob- 
tained one of the finest landscape views in the State. 

In 1844. after repeated and unsuccessful attempts to 
cause action to be taken by the Legislature for the build- 
ing of a State institution for the special care and treat- 
ment of the insane, a commission was appointed, chiefly 
through the earnest efforts of Dr. Lyndon A. Smith, of 
Essex, and Dr. Lewis Condict, of Morris, and the eminent 
philanthropist. Miss D. L. Dix, to select a site. An appro- 
priation of $35,000 was made to purchase the land, and 
to commence the erection of the building. The present site 
was selected by the commissioners from among manj' that 
were offered in various sections of the State because of 
the large spring of excellent water found on the place. 
This spring was developed, and furnished a daily supply 
of about one-half millions of gallons of pure water for 
many years. In the severe drought of 1880 the supply was 
greatly diminished, falling off nearly two hundred and 
fifty thousand gallons, and it has never regained its full 
and former capacity. The spring is now supplemented by 
driven wells, three in number, and each one over three 
hundred feet deep. These with the spring, are capable of 
supplying daily a half million gallons of excellent water. 
In 1896 a standpipe for storing water and securing a fire 
pressure was erected, with a capacity cf five hundred 
thousand gallons. 

Work v.'as commenced on the main building in November 
of 184.5, and the hospital was opened for the reception of 
patients on the 15th day of May. 1848. Numerous additions 
have been made from time to time to the building, increas- 
ing its capacity from fifty patients, in 1848, to eight hundred 
and fifty patients, in 1898. 

In 1887, the Legislature passed an act appropriating 
$100,000 for providing additional accommodations. The 
new building is a handsome structure of red sandstone, 
and similar to that used in the main building. This is five 



104 STATE HOSPITALS. 

hiinclrofl feet loner, throe storios in hr-iirht, nn<l rapfi})lo of 
accommoflntiner throo hiinrlrod patifnts. ono hunflnrl and 
fifty of each sex. The builclinff is clcsiffnefl to arcommo- 
flate the chronic innirahle class, and was a sreat relief 
from the overcrowded state that existed in the main build- 
ing prior to its completion. The building was completed 
within the appropriation, and opened for the reception of 
patients in the month of October. 1S89. 

Since the opening- of the institution in May. 1848, there 
have been received and treated 0,8B0 patients. At the close 
of the fiscal year, October .Slst, 1900. there were under care 
in the hospital 1,117 patients. Much has been done for 
the comfort and pleasure of the patients. A green-house 
has been erected for the purpose of furnishing plants and 
flowers for the patients' corridors, handsome pictures 
adorn the walls, and everything about the hospital presents 
a comfortable and homelike appearance. 

The institution possesses a library, one of the largest, 
if not the largest, in this country connected with a hos- 
pital for the insane. The books are accessible to all mem- 
bers of the household. They have been freely used, and 
do much to relieve the monotony of many an hour of hos- 
pital life. The library now consists of about 4,000 volumes, 
and is the result of the bequest of a former nurse (Anne 
Robinson), who, by will, bequeathed her earnings for sev- 
eral years as a nurse and attendant in this hospital. She 
made the bequest, as she herself expressed it when making 
her will, for the purpose of purchasing books to be used 
for the pleasure and benefit of those to whom she had, 
for so many years, endeavored to minister. 

During the year 189S, a handsome amusement room, 
capable of seating about four hundred, was finished; also, a 
large and commodious chapel, in which religious exercises 
are held from time to time; various clergymen, without 
regard to denominational preference, officiate every Sun- 
day. The new chapel is capable of seating about five hun- 
dred patients. 



STATE HOSPITAL. 

Morris Plains. • 

In order to relieve the crowded condition of the Trenton 
Asylum, and make further provision for the increasing 
number of the insane, commissioners were appointed by 
the Legislature of 1871 to select a site and build an insti- 
tution in the northern portion of the State. About 408 



NORMAL AND ZMODEL SCHOOLS. 105 

acres of land were purchased, at a cost of $7S.T.32.36. in 
Hanover township. Morris county, and a site for the insti- 
tution was selected on the foot hills of the Watnong- range 
of the Blue Ridg-e Mountains, at an elevation of 520 feet 
above the sea level. The location is ideal for an institution 
of its kind, being- unsurpassed in this particular by anj- 
similar institution in this country. A magnificent view 
of the surrounding country is commanded. The air is 
cool and balmy in summer, and crisp and stimulating in 
winter. 

The institution is a four-story building, of granite quar- 
ried on the premises, and trimmed with brown sandstone. 
The total length is 1,243 feet, and the depth, from the front 
of the main center building to the rear of the extreme 
wings, is 542 feet, constituting at present the largest insti- 
tution for the insane under one roof in the world, and one 
of the finest buildings of its kind in the United States. 

The building was planned and constructed to accommo- 
date SOO patients, but at present has a population of more 
than 1.250 insane. The total cost was about $2,250,000. It 
was first occupied by patients on August 17th, 1876. 

The Legislature of 1S95 appropriated $125,000 for addi- 
tional buildings and improvements. The foundation of 
the new building was laid to accommodate 600 patients, 
and provide suitable laboratory facilities for the further 
prosecution of scientific work. An appropriation was also 
made for the extension of the water-supply, and an addi- 
tional tract of land was purchased, bringing the total 
extent of the hospital's property up to about 720 acres. 
On a 'portion of this land an additional reservoir, with a 
capacity of 6,500,000 gallons, has since been built. The 
Legislature of 1S98 appropriated $150,000, enabling the man- 
agement to give out contracts looking to the completion 
of the administration portion of the building, the north 
wing, associate dining-rooms, amusement hall, and patho- 
logical laboratories. 

The barns and outbuildings belonging to the institution 
are in excellent condition, and the farm is in a high stav- 
of cultivation. 

NORMAL. AND MODEL SCHOOLS. 

These schools are the property of the State, and arc 
located at the junction of Perry street and Clinton avenue, 
Trenton. There are two buildings, the one for the schools 
located on the west side of Clinton avenue, the other, con- 
taining the boarding halls and dormitories, situated on the 
east side of the avenue. These schools were established in 



106 NORMAT. AND MODEL SriTOOI.S. 

l.SF.:j hy an act of the T^egislature. The purpose of the Nor- 
mal School was defined to be "the training- and education 
of its pupils in such branches of knowledge, and such 
methods of teaching and governing, as will qualify them 
for teachers of our common schools." The Model School 
was designed to be a place where "the pupils of the Nor- 
mal School shall have opportunity to observe and prac- 
tice the modes of instruction and discipline inculcated in 
the Normal School, and in which pupils may be prepared 
for the Normal School." 

The following figures shov/ the original cost and present 
valuation of the Normal School property: 
Original cost of the Normal and Model School 

buildings, with lot $72,000 

Estimated value of furniture, books, &c 8,000 

Value of boarding halls 65,000 

Value of boarding hall furniture 10,000 

$155,000 

The above original values have appreciated til\ the tables 
should now read as follows: 

Former Normal and Model buildings $60,000 

Former school furniture, apparatus, &c 8,000 

Lot 115.000 

Appropriation of 1890 for new building 40,000 

Appropriation of 1891 for alterations, furniture, &c.. 8,000 
Principal's residence and boarding halls, including- 

addition of 1892 99,000 

Boarding hall furniture 15,000 

Appropriation of 1893 for new building 12,000 

Appropriation of 1894 10,000 

Additional furniture and apparatus 13,000 

Appropriation of 1897 for heating and ventilation... 25,000 

Purchase price of Umpleby property, 1899 20,400 

Total $425.4CU 

The enrollments in 1855 were as follows: Normal School, 
43; Model School, 125. For the year ending June 30th, 1900. 
these enrollments had increased to 639 in the Normal and 
568 in the Model. During its history the Normal School 
has graduated 2,735 students. 

The Principals of the schools have been as follows: 
William F. Phelps, A. M., October 1st, 1855, to March 15th, 
18G5; John S. Hart, LL. D., March 15th, 1S65, to February 
7th, 1871; Lewis M. Johnson, A. M., February 7th, 1871, to 
July 1st, 1876; Washington Hasbrouck, Ph. D., July 1st, 
1876, to February 10th, 1889; James M. Green, Ph. D., Feb- 
ruary 10th, 1889, to the present. 



STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 10? 



THE STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 

"The New Jersey State Reform School" was established 
by act of the Legislature approved April 6th, 1865. A farm 
of 490 acres was purchased for the purpose near James- 
burg, Middlesex county. 

The first boy was received July 6th, 1867. Its first Super- 
intendent was Rev. Luther H. Sheldon, who was in office 
from April 10th, 1867. till April 1st. 1874. and was succeeded 
by James H. Eastman, who was Superintendent from 
April 1st, 1874, till September 15th, 1884. Upon his with- 
drawal Ira Otterson was made acting Superintendent, 
and on December 10th, 1884, he was unanimously elected 
Superintendent, and is still the executive head of the insti- 
tution. 

From the opening of the school till the close of the fiscal 
year (October 31st, 1899), there had been received by com- 
mitment into the care of the school, 3,236 boys. 

Owing to the probable opening at an early date of the 
State Reformatory, for an older class, it was thought best 
by the Legislative Committee on The Reform School, of 
the session of the Legislature of 1900, to change the name 
of The Reform School to "The State Home for Boys," so 
as to avoid confusion in matters of business, and unjust 
reflection upon boys going out with honorable parole from 
the institution. 

Since founding the school, beside the Administration 
building, there have been erected on the campvis seven 
family buildings (one of them a double building), capable 
of accommodating fifty boys each, a chapel, hospital, store 
and cook house, industrial building, electric light, heat 
and power generating station, and farm buildings, all of 
brick, many of the buildings constructed with bricks 
manufactured by the boys on the place. 

Beside domestic and farm labor, all boys are instructed 
in the rudiments of an English school education, and many 
receive instruction in different mechanical branches and 
ba.nd music. 

In 1900 there was erected by boys' labor, under regular 
instructors, a building 40 by 100 feet, two stories high, in 
which are established schools for trade teaching. While 
in the past, so far as the accommodations would permit, 
a number cf boys have received instruction in mechanical 
trades, and with the accommodations furnished in the 
new building, it is hoped a greater number of boys may 
receive a more thorough knowledge in lines of skilled 



108 STATE HOME FOR OTRT.S. 

handicraft. \vhi<h will Ihi- brltor preitaic ihcm to become 
ETood citizens. 

The members of the Board of Tru.stees realizing the 
needs of the boys, and deeply interested ?in the future wel- 
fare of these wards of the State, devote much time to the 
conduct of its affairs, and in consideration of that which 
will promote its greatest good. Their services are given 
without compensation, their actual expenses being paid 
by the State. 



STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

This institution is located on the line of the Trenton 
Branch of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad, in 
Ewing township, near the Trenton Lunatic Asylum, and is 
located on a farm of about 79 acres of land. A substantial 
building was erected, at a cost of $23,334, and other im- 
provements made, which bring the value of the place, with 
furniture, &c.. up to $37,740. Previous to the erection of 
the new building, the school was at "Pine Grove," in the 
Sixth Ward of the city of Trenton. This place had been 
leased so as to afford room for persons sentenced under 
the act of April 4th, 1871. The Legislature of 1900 appro- 
priated $30,000 for the erection of an additional building. 



THE STATE PRISON. 

The New Jersey State Prison, situated on the block 
enclosed by Federal, Third, Cass and Second streets, in the 
city of Trenton, is one of the finest institutions of its kind 
in the country. Its erection was authorized by an act of 
the Legislature passed February 13th, 1832, and it was 
completed in the year 1836, having 150 cells, at a cost of 
$179,657.11. It was built of red sand-stone, from the Ewing 
quarries, and the style of its architecture is Egyptian, 
having four Egyptian columns in front of the main 
entrance, on Third street. It consists of a main building, 
used as a residence for the Keeper and as reception rooms 
and otfices. From time to time the prison has been en- 
larged, and although there is not sufficient room to afford 
separate confinement for each prisoner, as required by 
law, the provisions of the act are carried out as far as 
possible. The rules and regulations now in force have 
brought the internal affairs of the institution, as to clean- 
liness, discipline, victualing, &c., to a much higher stand- 
ard than was ever before reached, and a visit thereto will 



THE STATE PRISON. 109 

convince the visitor that the management is as perfect as 
can be. 

On March 4th, 1S47, $5,000 was appropriated to build an 
additional wing to the original building. On March 25th, 
1852, $15,000 was granted for the erection of a new wing for 
hospital purposes. On March 22d, 1860. the sum of $17,000 
was voted for the purpose of building an additional wing 
for cells, and on February 16th, 1861, a further sum of 
$2,243.01 was appropriated to complete the same. On April 
16th. 1S68. $6,000 was appropriated for the building of an 
additional wing to provide room for female convicts. An 
act passed April 2d, 1869, provided for the appointment of 
commissioners to extend the grounds of the prison to the 
wall of the State Arsenal, to build an additional wing and 
work shops, and made an appropriation of $50,000 for that 
purpose, and in the same month $9,734 was appropriaved for 
the purpose of completing the wing of the female depart- 
ment. On April 4th, 1S71, the sum of $75,000 was appropri- 
ated for the purpose of completing the new or east wing, 
and on April 4th, 1872, a further sum of $28,700 was appro- 
priated for the completion of the same. March 3d, 1874, 
$12,000 was voted for the construction of gas works for the 
supply of illuminating gas for the prison. On March 8th, 
1877, the sum of $100,000 was appropriated for the enlarge- 
ment of the prison and the purchase of a burial ground 
for deceased convicts. The north wing was remodeled out 
of this last appropriation, and a burial ground purchased. 
The Legislature of 1895 appropriated $150,000 for the en- 
largement and improvement of the prison. The Legisla- 
ture of 1899 appropriated $14,000 for alterations in the 
women's wing of the prison. 

Previous to the year 1798 there was no State Prison, and 
prisoners were confined in the county jails. On March 1st. 
1797. Jonathan Doane was appointed by an act of the Leg- 
islature as an agent to purchase a lot of land from Peter 
Hunt, situate at Lamberton, containing six and a half 
acres, and to erect suitable buildings thereon. This was 
done at an expense of £9,852 Os. 3d., and what is now the 
State Arsenal, at Second and Cass streets, is the result. 
Solitary confinement was not practiced previous to 183G, 
in which year the old prison was vacated and the present 
one occupied. 



no SCHOOL FOR DEAF-MUTES. 

SOLDIERS' HOME. 

This institution is located in Kearny township, Hudson 
county, to which place it was removed from Newark in 
1888. It was organized under a joint resolution of the T^eg- 
islature approved April 12th. lSfi2. The Home in Newark 
•was opened July 4th, ISCfi. The Legislatures of 1886 and 
1887 appropriated $175,000 for the erection of a new Home, 
under the direction of Commissioners appointed by the 
Legislature. The present site, consisting of 17^/^ acres, was 
selected, and six new and commodious buildings were 
erected thereon. The Home has a frontage of 600 feet on 
the Passaic river, and contains over three hundred in- 
mates. 



SCHOOL FOB DEAF-MUTES. 

This institution, which is located at Trenton, is a part of 
the public school system of the State, and is open to deaf 
residents of the State between the ages of eight and 
twenty-one years. The pupils are instructed in the 
branches of common-schodl education, and are also trained 
in some handicraft. Speech is taught to all who can 
acquire it, and with such success that in some classes it 
becomes the principal means of communication. 

The industrial department is larger and better equipped 
than in most schools of this kind. P>om the printing office 
is issued monthly a paper, the Silent Worker, which, in 
point of mechanical execution and of qiiality of contents, 
ranks as the best issued from any institution in the coun- 
try. AH the work on this paper is performed by pupils 
of the school. 

The wood-working department, under the charge of a 
graduate of a technical school of high rank, has a course 
in w^hich theory and practice are united in an unusual 
degree. 

A course of kindergarten work, especially adapted to the 
deaf child, has been worked out in the school, and has been 
followed by some of the best schools of the kind in this 
country. 

A building for hospital purposes, designed in accordance 
with the best modern practice and ample to meet any pos- 
sible need, was opened in 1899. 

The attendance of pupils has risen from 125 in June, 1896, 
until at the present time it is about 150. 

The school possesses a well chosen library, which at 
present contains about 1,500 volumes, and is rapidly 
growing. 



INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. Ill 

INSTITUTION FOR FEEBI.E-MINDED 1V03IEN. 

Vineland. 
This instituticn was established vmder an act of March 
27th, 1888. with the late Prof. S. O. Garrison, who drafted 
the original law, as the first superintendent. On Novem- 
ber 15th of the same year he was succeeded by Mary J. 
Dunlap, M. D. It is one of the most admirably situated 
public buildings in the State. Lying opposite the New 
Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, and 
facing Landis avenue, Vineland's main street of several 
miles in length, it enjoys facilities of the city yet sur- 
rounded by acres of fruit, vinej'ards and orchards. The 
main building is well arranged, and a large annex was 
erected in the winter of 1891-92. It is a home for females, 
of whom there are nearly 100. Extensive additions have 
recently been m.ade, giving hospital and other accommo- 
dations. 



TRAINING SCHOOIi FOR FEEBLE-IVIINDED CHFLDREN. 

Vineland. 

This public institution is an outgrowth of a private one. 
which Prof. S. Olin Garrison established in Millville, Cum- 
berland county, on September 1st, 1SS7. It was opened at 
Vineland, on March 1st, 1SS8, with an enrollment of ten 
inmates. Adjacent properties were soon acquired and a 
handsome building, costing about $18,000, was erected in 
1890-91. There are nine cottages, besides a hospital, large 
barn, shops and manual training-rooms, located on a farm 
of 120 acres. The school has a fine assembly hall, seating 
over 600, and also containing seven (7) school-rooms, an 
armory, drill-room and a gymnasium. 

The plan and scope of training and education by the 
school, require fourteen teachers in English, Kindergarten, 
Military, Music, Physical Culture and Manual Trades de- 
partments, thereby indicating the special and comprehen- 
sive fields of instruction. There is also a custodial depart- 
ment for the idiotic, and a hospital department for epi- 
leptics. 

The property is worth over $150,000, real and personal, 
with a debt of only $8,000. Besides very good property 
acquisitions at low cost, at least $50,000 have been donated 
to the school since its organization, to aid in the current 
expenses, in improvements and new buildings. 

On May 24th, 1900, there were 233 boys and girls in the 
institution. 



112 STATE VJI.T.AGE FOR EPII.KPTICS. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EFILEl'TICS. 

Skillman, Somerset County. 

This village is located in Montgomery township, Somer- 
set county, about one mile from Skillman Station, on the 
line of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The loca- 
tion is one of the most beautiful and healthful in the State, 
and is admirably adapted for the purposes of this kind of 
an institution. The managers have secured three adjoin- 
ing farms containing in all about five hundred acres. 

The three farm houses are now being used, one for the 
Administration building, one for male and one for female 
patients. 

In 1884 Dr. John W. Ward, Superintendent of the State 
Hospital at Trenton, realizing the necessity of separating 
the epileptics from the insane, w^ent before a legislative 
committee and strongly urged the appropriation of $50,000 
to erect a building upon the grounds of that institution 
for the proper care of the epileptics. The late Prof. S. Olin 
Garrison, Principal of the New Jersey Training School for 
Feeble-Minded Children, at Vineland, early recognized the 
necessity of separate provision for the epileptics in that 
institution, and w^as indefatigable in his efforts to estab- 
lish the present village. 

For a number of j^ears the subject was agitated, and in 
1895, in accordance with a resolution passed by the Legis- 
lature, the Governor appointed a commission to investigate 
the number and condition of epileptics in the State. The 
report of the commission was presented to the Legislature 
of 1896 and a bill was introduced for the establishment of a 
colony on a plan recommended by the commission. The bill 
failing to become a law, the New Jersey State Medical Soci- 
ety, by resolution at their annual meeting in 1896. endorsed 
the necessity of such legislation. In 1897 the Pre^-ident. 
Dr. Thomas J. Smith, of Bridgeton, m^ost ably presented 
the necessity of providing for the epileptics, and urged 
that the State authorities be importuned most earnestly 
to revive the movement initiated the j-ear before to estab- 
lish an industrial epileptic colony in our State. The Society 
reaffirmed its position, and appointed a committee to urge 
the matter further. 

Through the combined efforts of those interested and 
with the zealous co-operation of Senator Stokes, of Cum- 
berland, who had charge of the legislation, an act was 
passed by the Legislature of 1898, and promptly signed by 
Acting Governor Voorhees, making the necessary provi- 



STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 113 

sions for the establishment of the institution. The sum 
of $15,000 was appropriated for the purchase of a site and 
to pay for the equipment and maintenance of the village. 
The "Maple wood Farm." containing- about 187 acres, was 
purchased for $11,500, and the village was opened for the 
reception of male patients November 1st, of the same year. 
The Legislature of 1900 appropriated $30,000 for the erec- 
tion of two cottages for patients, and $16,000 for the pur- 
chase of two farms adjoining the property. As the Legis- 
lature provides the buildings, all epileptics of either sex, 
over five years of age, and not insane, will be admitted. 



Il4 



ELECTOKAI. COLLEGE. 



THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE. 



The Electoral College of the year 1900 had a total of 447 
yotes, divided among the forty-five States as follows: 



Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

California 9 

Colorado 4 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 3 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa 13 

Kansas 10 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Maine 6 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota 9 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 



Nebraska 8 

Nevada 3 

New Hampshire 4 



New Jersey. 
New York. 



10 



North Carolina 


11 


North Dakota 


3 


Ohio 


23 


Oregon 


4 




32 


Rhode Island 


4 


South Carolina 

South Dakota 


9 

4 


Tennessee 

Texas 


¥. 


Utah 


3 


Vermont 


4 




12 


Washington 

West Virginia 


4 

6 

12 


Wyoming 


3 



Total 447 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



115 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT. i 



FOR HARRISON. REP. 

California S 

Colorado 3 

Illinois 22 

Indiana 15 

Iowa lo 

Kansas 9 

Maine 6 

Massachusetts 14 

Michigan lo 

Minnesota 7 

Nebraska 5 

Nevada 3 

New Hampshire 4 

New York 36 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 3 

Pennsylvania 30 

Rhode Island 4 

Vermont 4 

Wisconsin 11 

Total 233 

Harrison's majority. 65 



FOR CLEVELAND, DEM. 

Alabama / 10 

Arkansas 7 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Florida 4 

Georgia 12 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana S 

Maryland 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 16 

New Jersey 9 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 13 

Virginia 12 

West Virginia 6 

Total 168 



U6 



El^ECTOKAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1892. 



For Cleveland, Dem. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas. 8 

California 8 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Maryland 8 

Michigan 5 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Carolina 11 

North Dakota 1 

Ohio 1 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Virginia 12 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 

277 



For Harrison, Rep. 

California 1 

Iowa 13 

Maine 6 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 9 

Minnesota 

Montana 3 

Nebraska 8 

New Hampshire 4 

North Dakota I 

Ohio 22 

Oregon 3 

Pennsylvania.. 32 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Vermont 4 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 3 

145 
For Weaver, Pop. 

Colorado 4 

Idaho 3 

Kansas : 10 

Nevada 3 

North Dakota „ 1 

Oregon 1 

22 



Cleveland over Harrison, 132. 

Cleveland over Harrison and Weaver, 110. 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1896. 



For McKinley, Rep. 

California 8 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa. 13 

Kentucky 12 

Maine 6 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota 9 

New Hampshire 4 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Dakota 3 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 4 

Pennsylvania 32 

Rhode Island 4 

Vermont 4 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 



McKinley's majority, 95. 



271 



For Bryan, Dem. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

California 1 

Colorado 4 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 3 

Kansas 10 

Kentucky 1 

Louisiana 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 

Nebraska 8 

Nevada 3 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

South Dakota 4 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Utah 3 

Virginia 12 

Washington 4 

Wyoming 3 

176 



118 



ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, 1900 



FOR M'KINLEY, REP. 

State. Vote. 

California 9 

Connecticut 6 

Delaware 3 

Illinois 24 

Indiana 15 

Iowa 13 

Kansas 10 

Maine 6 

Maryland 8 

Massachusetts 15 

Michigan 14 

Minnesota D 

Nebraska 8 

New Hampshire 4 

New Jersey 10 

New York 36 

North Dakota 3 

Ohio 23 

Oregon 4 

Pennsylvania 32 

Rhode Island 4 

South Dakota 4 

Utah 3 

Vermont 4 

Washington 4 

West Virginia 6 

Wisconsin 12 

Wyoming 3 

292 

McKinley's majority.. 137 



FOR BRYAN, DEM. 

State. Vote. 

Alabama 11 

Arkansas 8 

Colorado 4 

Florida 4 

Georgia 13 

Idaho 3 

Kentucky 13 

Louisiana 8 

Mississippi 9 

Missouri 17 

Montana 3 

Nevada 3 

North Carolina 11 

South Carolina 9 

Tennessee 12 

Texas 15 

Virginia 12 

"lis 



PRESIDENTTAT. VOTE. 



119 






-fl^N N 



I - M ic •» <J 

N -"T a> -^ - 



— N-<f> — r^MOi -woaoco — ooNocOXr^t^t 

»,t>^co lO^eo in cc^'w^^N c — --c n -^^o^ oo r-r-^M • 

00*00 ■»*•«■' t-roo"--NN'--M*N;c"NO O*— ! 



«~_^o__N eo_oo 






• OCC O IC o « 



M O » wi -H — ; 



; O o t^O !«■< 



:siN 

)^N O, 

• SO 30 o NNNr-Tec tdt-^i-« .*«r«co' 
1 ioN<o-; 00 I— — 



.2« 






JOMCt 

Nsno'- 



OONO -a^O 
NN<CX*N 
<0 OOON 



1 — N-* 
; o CO «0_ 
rr-Too'N 

,cooo 



?5 S-^ 






Nt-.O00M«-«>-£05Ca>0=:-j 
0«« — t^CCN-WXOO — ONtCC 

o__t-^ ~ O -H oc_ N -» M_ — ■* r-; CO -«"_ tj 

N — M -"TCON <CN •fl- 



ic: -XiO ;0-»«N0-9<tc«c :OOCC3;OC^ 



NtO :oiNNt— COON It^t^l^CO-s- — I— 

totc : — oii>— «coo— ; — tc — tco coo 



3sOOO-fXX)00CON-*COOtC 
O — tCSiOOt^TTt^l^-wtOOO — -WM 
l--^O-^C0 31 C CO O eO«C — « — C — N — 
•i' — CO* V ao' <C <0 O 00 '-C ■» N ^ oT sT N 
tNOCO OC-eOt^NcOCOCOO 



CO o eo ■<»• o -"f t 



2?oS^« :«^»2^^ 



:g§^ 



^02 



CO ONc 



— '«otoo>ooooor~oc;toh-o>oo-. N 
-«r~N«T-- — 0-. "9"<co-«'=:NtO'»j- 

00 — '^^NCO^^CO^^ t~0__ CO t-^ octette 0_ 00 
O N o" CO ;S ■» -o^ C> O* t~^ CO 00 — O ■*" -^ 
N-^-fl-eo coaccv — 0->-«>-<J'-«r-*i 



•-c CO »~- o CO -* o 

t^O OJOOO-* N 
OOCO 3>_eOOt-;_N 

-£ ooorvNoTo-r 

N CO N ■«< to CO to 



ot~o O © OOtO 



if SJ 



i5SE?§Sg;^ogSS2gSgg 

J^-fl- •fl-__SONo0500a>oqO NO o 'C 00 

rt-ro*c't3'N«5'-**c:"'«r£f>rNoe3*co 



00> — O 00 o o 



) -fl-N QON 



as 



dT3 



88 'a> _* 



5HHS5s5»5tf;5sSSSSSSz;z;z;z;oo^«HH>>^ 



PR10SIl)i:XTlAI. VOTE. 



cj CO* ^* — co*N*o"co'eo*M t'oTo'cft — *vj'— <>o'm CO t--*oI'2i •-'■'z; J2 SS 
^^ .-^ c^ c^ ^-4 ^^ ^^ ^^ *— I w ^- ic ^^ CO 



oa. -"t" o8-<''«^^<cNr 






■<f M — : c»QN >r5rt M CT>t-O>CS00 «j tc o ev) nocc — PJC^ O OQO? < 

oTt^o : icoo'^o'-^cc — cvf o>*r-.' oTr-ToT 00 Vt^^i-_* «©-.*.£" h-Tc*- 
-— ir-t^ootcr^cooiocqtoot-co-wio cot^jot^; 



o5o 



oo<oeoO'vt^«ooc 



00* -^ -^ tc CO 00 itT N oT ^ 

COtDOOt~lC5CCOCI3>rtaO — ■ 



lO CJCOOOOC iOOJ^OO o> >o 

) 00 c^ -"T 00 -T * * N <i> o o <c r~ 

>Oi »^ — oicoiooN-weo-fOO 

;2 gg'jg?: 



) ■<*• to vO O^ C^ 



^M CO 
50 Cf-*" 



o»^*5ii^c'to'o'-^<^co"cro«d'aoco 
o J'lft ^«j.(Mc<5cocot^eococj-<»< 



io»oic 



: loco-* «o :-<»<co- 






:o>Nt^-»oo 



ICON' 



ooo>oojr — eg — «o 

<£^-» N N O 00 «c <o 
»^tCiO^-C0Oi-V00 
to eo coc^cceo 



<O<M00O>C<5 

oot^-v— 






'JSSS 




PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



121 



a> ^ CO -^ -^ ift 



£ K >S P S c5 I o c 



-« oj- 



c= <M 3c t- ^ =^ o> o a> <o 

CQ — t-QCOOOOO vO o 

o'-* u-T—oi' -«>'■» .n* CM* o' M — 

'r'l 



; — CT>e<5 — ct-'i- — t^ 

l-W=MC;05 = CNlu-^Ol^ 

^ o eo r-;, CC I'i O;^ <o -"l^ ■<r_ 
rcM inN '''^c o'-^ aTto 

— CS 0> 50 >— 3> CO 00 



>>Oi=>fttD^00>Of~ 

)too>>ncrootc — OS 
J tc CO <c "-r •^■'■,^,0^ 
r « CO ic* i~^ — JO Co" -«•' 

<->r-QO-<i"-«'a-. CV5C 



ISig 



9 fi 



^^2 



ae-o fl 

> X s8 aj 



sai 






^lll 



ciQO-*co-«"r^mr^co«- 
J-, ^ ^^ ^- o> t^ t^ *^*^^ 



• -» — — (3>M ^c 
"ift-,COO<r.O 



,: *: 



is I 



o CO tc CO t-.'-i^oo «ia>_co 

C7 J^ ?^ ■<l' ■«• to 00 '-!.0_t0 



OOOOoOQOOOOOOOC 



122 



PR FOS I DKNT I A L VOTE. 



PKHSDHNTIAL VOTE, i<S8o AND 1884. 





1884. 


1880. 


STATES. 

(38) 


Blaine, 
Rep. 


Cleve- 
land, 
Dem. 


Butler, 
Gr'b'k. 


St. John 
Pro. 


Garfield, 
Rep. 


Han- 
cock, 
Dem. 




59,444 

50,895 

100,816 

36,277 

65.898 

12,788 

28,039 

47,964 

337,449 

238,480 

197,089 

153,158 

118,674 

46,347 

72.209 

85,699 

146,724 

192,669 

111,923 

42,774 

*202,261 


92,973 

72,927 

88,307 

27,627 

67,182 

17,054 

31.769 

94,567 

312,320 

244,992 

♦177,288 

89,466 

152,757 

62,546 

52,140 

96,932 

122,352 

*191,225 

70,144 

78,547 

235,972 

*54,354 

7,000 

39,166 

127,784 

563,048 

142,905 

368,280 

24,593 

393.510 

12,391 

69,764 

133,258 

223,208 

17,^31 

14' ,497 

67,317 

146,4r4 


762 

1,844 

1,975 

1,957 

tl,685 

6 


610 


56.221 
42,436 
80,348 
27,450 
67,071 
14,133 
23,654 
54,086 
318,037 
232,164 
183,927 
121,549 
106,306 
§38,637 
74,039 
78,515 
165,205 
185.341 
93,903 
34,854 
153,567 
54 979 


91,185 
60 775 


Arkansas 


California 


2,640 

759 

t2,492 

55 

74 

184 

11,824 

3,018 

1,472 

4,495 

3,106 


80,426 
24,647 


Connecticut 

Delaware .. 


64,415 
15 275 


Florida 


27,964 


Georgia 


125 
10,753 
8,176 

■"le.'iio 

1,655 


102,470 


Illinois 


277,321 




225,522 


Iowa 


105,845 


Kansas 


59 801 
149,068 




65,067 


Maine 


3,953 
531 

24,382 
tt763 
3,587 


2,160 
2,794 
9,923 
18,403 
4,691 


*65,171 


Maryland 


93 706 


Massachusetts- 
Michigan 


111,960 
131,59' 


Minnesota 

Mississippi 


53.315 

75,750 

208,60S 

28 523 




2,153 
2,858 


Nebraska 


76 877 




IINevada 

N. Hampshire- 
New Jersey 

New York 

North Carolina 


8,381 

43,166 

123,433 

562,001 

125,068 

400,082 

26,852 

474,268 

19,030 

21,733 

124,078 

88,353 

39,514 

139,356 

*63,096 

161,147 




8,732 

44,852 

120,555 

555,444 

115,874 

375,048 

20,619 

444,704 

18,195 

58,071 

107,677 

67,893 

45,567 

84,020 

46,243 

144,000 


9,613 

40.794 

122,565 

534,511 

124,208 

340,821 

19,948 

407,428 

10,779 

112,312 

123,191 

156 428 


552 
8,494 
16,955 


1.573 

6,155 

24,999 

448 

11,269 

488 

15,366 

928 


Ohio 


6,170 

723 

16,942 

422 


Oregon 

Pennsylvania- 
Rhode Island- 
South Carolina 


lITennessee 

Texas 


957 
S,321 

785 

■""ttsib 
4,597 


1.131 
3,511 
1,752 
143 
939 
7.649 


Vermont 


18 316 


Virginia 


al28 586 


West Virginia... 
Wisconsin 


57,391 
114,649 


Total 


4,844.002 


4.914.947 
70 945 


134,599 


151,531 


4,454,416 


4 444.9.^2 


Plurality 


9.464 



1884— Scattering and imperfect, 7,876; Lockwood, 5; total vote, 

10,053,770. 
1880— Greenback, 308.578; Prohibition, 10,305; American, 707; 

scattering, 989 ; total vote, 9,219,947. 

♦Fusion, t Including 160 misspelled, t Including 232 misspelled. 
T One county missing in 1884. || One county estimated in 1884 '^, Vote 
for the two Republican tickets (Regular, 27.676; "Beattie. 1O,340) 
combined, ft Straight Gre?oback. oRegular (96,912) and Readjuster 
(31,674) votes combined. 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



123 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, i88S. 



States. 


Harrison. 


Cleveland. 


Fisk. 


Labor. 


Alabama 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 


57,197 

58,752 

124,809 

50,766 

74,584 

12.978 

26,650 

40,453 

370,470 

263,361 

211,598 

182,914 

155,134 

30,184 

73,734 

99,986 

183,456 

236,370 

136.359 

30.096 

236,325 

108,4'25 

7,238 

45,728 

144,344 

650,338 

134,709 

415,792 

33,293 

526,091 

21,969 

13,740 

138,815 

83,280 

45,192 

150.438 

78.491 

176,553 


117,310 

85,962 

117,729 

37,542 

74,920 

16,414 

39,561 

100,472 

348,258 

261,013 

179,877 

102,738 

183,800 

89,941 

50,482 

106,168 

151.990 

218,404 

99,664 

85,476 

261,957 

80,552 

5,326 

43,358 

151,493 

635,965 

148,336 

399,969 

26,524 

446,200 

17,530 

65,825 

159,079 

234,883 

16,788 

151,977 

79,330 

155,232 


583 

614 

5,761 

2,100 

4,234 

400 

403 

1,802 

21,386 

9,881 

3,550 

6,779 

5,225 

130 

2.690 

4,766 

8,636 

20,942 

15,000 

218 

4,954 

9,424 

45 

7,585 

7,904 

30,327 

5,787 

4,618 

1.677 

20,743 

1,251 


10,643 

1,591 

1,205 




240 






Florida 




Georgia ..... 


136 


Illinois 


7,410 




2,694 


Iowa 


9.101 


Kansas . 


37 7S7 




G22 






Maine 


1,345 


Maryland 








Michigan 


4,542 













15,853 


Nebraska 


Nevada 






42 






New York 


5 050 


North. Carolina 




Ohio ... 


3,452 
363 




Pennsylvania 


3,865 
18 


Rhode Island 


South Carolina 




Tennessee 


5.669 
4,749 
1,450 
1,678 


43 






Vermont 


35 


Virginia 




West Virginia 




Wisconsin 


14,277 


8,522 




Total 


5,430,607 


5,538,045 


257,248 


114.623 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE, 1892. 



STATES. 




Alabama 

Arkansas 

California .... 

Colorado 

Connecticut . 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

* Louisiana... 

Maine 

Maryland .... 
Massachusetts 
Michigan .. 
Minnesota., 
Mississippi 
Missouri-.... 
Montana ... 
Nebraska.., 

Nevada 

N. Hampshire 
New Jersey ., 

New York 

N. Carolina.., 
N. Dakota..., 

Ohio 

Oregon , 

Pennsylvania 
Rhode Island.. 
S. Carolina., 
S. Dakota.., 
Tennessee... 

Texas , 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 
West Virginia, 
Wisconsin . 
Wyoming . 



Totals . 



5 554,561 5,185,028 l,055,87ll 270,876 918.145 548,612 



Cleveland's plurality. 369,533. 

Wing, Socialist-I.,abor, received in Connecticut, 3.^3 votes; 
in Massachusetts, 676; in New Jersey, 1,337; in New York, 
17,958; in Pennsylvania, 898. Total. 21.202. 

*In Louisiana the Republican and People's parties voted 
each for four of the other's eight candidates for electors. 
Thus some of the Louisiana voters are counted twice in the 
above table, and while all the Presidential candidates re- 
ceived a total of 12.098,668 votes in the whole country, there 
were only 12,070,766 actual voters. 

(124) 



PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 



125 



POPULAR VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, i8q6. 



STATES. 


a 


i 


da 


be _ . 


ll 


Alabama 


54,737 

37,512 

146,588 

26,279 

110,285 

20,452 

11.257 

60,091 

6,314 

607,130 

323,748 

289,293 

159,345 

218,171 

22,037 

80,465 

136.978 

278,976 

293,327 

193,503 

5,123 

304,940 

10 490 

102,564 

1,939 

57,444 

221,367 

819,838 

155,222 

26.335 

525,991 

48,779 

728,300 

37,437 

9,313 

41,042 

148,773 

162,506 

13,461 

50,991 

135,388 

39,153 

104,414 

268,359 

10,072 

7,105.729 
613.752 


131,226 

110,103 

144,766 

161,269 

56,740 

16,615 

31,958 

94,672 

23,135 

464,523 

306,206 

223,741 

170,636 

217,890 

77,175 

34,588 

104,746 

105,711 

237,251 

139,735 

46,283 

363,667 

43,680 

115,624 

8,369 

21,650 

133,675 

551,513 

174,488 

20,586 

477,497 

46,739 

433,230 

14,459 

58,801 

41,225 

168,176 

368,289 

67,053 

10,607 

154.985 

51,646 

92,927 

163,441 

10,861 


6,462 


2,147 

839 

2,573 

2,104 

1,806 

602 

644 

5,716 

172 

10,611 

5,241 

3,544 

2,231 

4,781 




Arkansas .. 


893 


California 


■ 






1 

4,336 

969 

1,772 

2,708 


150 


Connecticut 

Delaware 


1,223 


Florida 




Georgia 





Idaho 




Illinois 


6,390 
2,146 
4,516 
1,209 
5,104 
1,834 
1,870 
2,507 
11,749 
6,930 
3,216 
7,517 
2,355 


1,147 
343 


Indiana 


Iowa 

Kansas 


453 


Kentucky 




Louisiana 




Maine 


1,570 
6,058 
2,998 
6,777 
4,363 
390 
2,462 




Maryland 

Massachusetts 

Michigan 


588 
2.114 


Minnesota 

Mississippi 


918 


Missouri 


595 


Montana 




Nebraska 

Nevada 


2,797 


1,993 


186 


New Hampshire.. 


3,420 
6,373 

18,972 
578 


776 

5,614 

16,075 

921 

358 

7,784 

919 

19,274 

1,165 


228 
3,985 
17,731 


New York 

North Carolina... 


North Dakota 




Ohio 


1,858 

977 

11,000 

1,166 
824 


1,167 


Oregon 


Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina ... 


6,103 
558 


South Dakota 


500 
3,098 
5,030 




"^enuessee 


1,951 
4,853 




Texas 




Utah 


' 


Vermont 


1,329 
2,127 
1,668 
677 
4,244 


728 
2,344 
1,116 
1,203 
6,659 

159 





Virginia 

Washington 


115 


West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wvomiug 


59i 








Total 

Plurality 


6,491,977 


133,554 j 


142,491 


39,221 



NJOW JERSEY ELECTORAL VOTE. 



ELECTORAL VOTE OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOlv PKKSIDENT AND VICK-PKESIDENT, FROM 
3IAKCH 4, 1789. 

1789— George Washington, of Virginia 6 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 1 

John Jay, of New York 5 

1793— George Washington, of Virginia 7 

John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

1797— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1801— John Adams, of Massachusetts 7 

C. C. Pinckney, of South Carolina 7 

1805— Thomas Jefferson, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York 8 

1809— James Madison, of Virginia 8 

George Clinton, of New York. . . .-. 8 

1813— DeWitt Clinton, of New York 8 

Jarard Ingersoll, of Pennsylvania 8 

1817— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1821— James Monroe, of Virginia 8 

Daniel D. Tompkins, of New York 8 

1825— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

John C. Calhoun, of South Carolina 8 

1829— John Q. Adams, of Massachusetts 8 

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania 8 

1833— Andrew Jackson, of Tennessee 8 

Martin Van Buren, of New York 8 

1837_\Villiam H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

Francis Granger, of New York 8 

1841— William H. Harrison, of Ohio 8 

John Tyler, of Virginia 8 

1845 -Henry Clay, of Kentucky 7 

Theodore Frelinghuysen, of New Jersey 7 

1849- Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana 7 

Millard Fillmore, of Nev/ York 7 

1853- Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire 7 

William R. King, of Alabama 7 

1857— James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania 7 

John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky 7 



NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTTAI. VOTE. 127 

1861— Abraham Lincoln, of Illinois 4 

Hannibal Hamlin, of Maine 4 

Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois 3 

Herchel V. Johnson, of Georgia 3 

1865— George B. McClellan, of New Jersey 7 

George H. Pendleton, of Ohio 7 

1869— Horatio Seymour, of New York 7 

Francis P. Blair, of Missouri 7 

1873— T'lysses S. Grant, of Illinois 7 

Henry Wilson, of Massachusetts 7 

1877— Samuel J. Tilden, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1881— Winfield Scott Hancock, of Pennsylvania 9 

William H. English, of Indiana 9 

1885— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Thomas A. Hendricks, of Indiana 9 

1889— Grover Cleveland, of New York 9 

Allan G. Thurman, of Ohio 9 

1893— Grover Cleveland, of New York 10 

Adlai E. Stevenson, of Illinois 10 

1897— William McKinley, Ohio 10 

Garret A. Hobart, New Jersey 10 

1901— William McKinley, of Ohio 10 

Theodore Roosevelt, of New York 10 



PRESIDENTIAL, VOTE OF NEW JERSEY FROM 1840 
TO DATE. 

1840— Harrison, Whig, 33,351; Van Buren, Dem., 31,034. 
Harrison's majority, 2,327. 

1844— Clay, Whig, 38,318; Polk, Dem., 37,495. Clay's major- 
ity, 823. 

1848— Taylor, Whig, 40,015; Cass, Dem., 36,901; Van Buren, 
819. Taylor's plurality, 3,114. 

1852— Pierce, Dem., 44,305; Scott, W^hig, 38,556; Hale, Free 
Soil, 350. Pierce's plurality,, 5,749. 

1856— Buchanan, Dem., 46,943; Fremont, Rep., 28,338; Fill- 
more, Amer., 24,115. Buchanan's plurality, 18,605. 

1860— Dem. Fusion ticket, 62,869; Lincoln, Rep., 58,346. 
Fusion majority, 4,523. (Three Douglas electors. Cook, 
Parker and Runyon, were chosen, the highest vote being 
62,869 for Cook, and four Lincoln electors were chosen, 
Hornblower, Hay, Elmer and Ivins, the highest vote being 
58,346 for Hornblower. The highest vote cast for a Breck- 
inridge elector (Wurts) was 56,237.) 

1864— McClellan, Dem., 68,024; Lincoln, Rep., 60,723. Mc- 
Clellan's majority, 7,301. 



128 NEW JERSEY PRESIDENTIAL VOTE. 

1868— Seymour, Dem., 83.00]; Grant, Rep., 80,131. Sey- 
mour's majority, 2,870. 

1872— Grant, Rep., 91,656; Greeley, Dem., 76,456. Grant's 
majority, 15,200. 

1876— Tilden, Dem., 115,962; Hayes, Rep., 10.3,517. Tilden's 
majority, 12,445. 

1880— Hancock, Dem., 122,565; Garfield, Rep., 120,555. Han- 
cock's majority, 2,010. 

1884— Cleveland, Dem., 127,784; Blaine, Rep., 123,433. Cleve- 
land's majority, 4,351. 

1888— Cleveland, Dem., 151,493; Harrison, Rep., 144,344; 
Fisk, Pro., 7,904. Cleveland's plurality, 7,149. 

1892— Cleveland, Dem., 171,066; Harrison, Rep., 156,101; 
Bidwell, Pro., 8,134; Wing, Social. -Lab., 1,-337; Weaver, 
People's, 985. Cleveland's plurality, 14,965. 

1S96— McKinley, Rep., 221,367; ?]ryan, Dem., 133,675; Palmer, 
Nat. Dem., 6,373; Levering, Pro., 5,614; Matchett, Soc.-Lab., 
3,985. McKinley' s plurality, 87,692. 

1900— McKinley, Rep., ; Bryan, Dem., ; Wool- 
ley, Pro., ; Debs, Soc.-Dem., ; Malloney, Soc.-Lab., 

; Barker, People's, . McKinleys plurality, . 

1900— McKinley, Rep., 221,707; Bryan, Dem., 164,808; Wool- 
ley, Pro., 7,1S3; Debs, Soc.-Dem., 4,609; Malloney, Soc.-Lab., 
2,074; Barker, Peoples, 669. McKinley's plurality, 56,899. 



NATIONAL PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS. 129 



PRESIDENTIAL TICKETS, 1900. 

REPUBLICAN. 

For President. William McKinley; for Vice-President, 
Theodore Roosevelt. 

Presidential Electors— John F. Dryden, David Baird, 
John M. Moore, Washington A. Roebling-, Frederic P. Ol- 
cott, De Witt C. Blair. William McKenzie. George E. Hal- 
sey, Elbert Rappleye, Wilberforce Freeman. 
DEMOCRATIC. 

For President, William J. Bryan; for Vice-President. 
Adlai E. Stevenson. 

Presidential Electors— William J. Keys. Thomas H. 
Birch. Thomas M. Ferrell. Richard D. Norton, Samuel 
Shannon Childs, Thomas Kays, Addison Ely, Jeremiah 
O'Rourke, Peter Hauck, Peter Bonnett. 

NATIONAL PROHIBITION. 
. For President, John G. Woolley; for Vice-President, 
Henry B. Metcalf. 

Presidential Electors— William H. Nicholson, George La 
Monte. Isaac S. Peacock. Henry B. Howell. Charles F. 
Garrison. William H. McCormick, Samuel M. Birch, Sam- 
uel J. Sloan. Daniel Black, Joel G. Van Cise. 
SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC. 

For President, Eugene V. Debs; for Vice-President, Job 
Harriman. 

Presidential Electors— Richard J. Vogel, John W". James, 
James Bell. Augustus Reinhardt, Carl Pankopf, William 
Buksath, Armin Fisher, Robert Stewart, James Sweeney, 
Michael Mahrone. 

SOCIALIST LABOR. 

For President, Joseph F. Malloney; for Vice-President, 
Valentine Remmell. 

Presidential Electors— John Kapp, Hermann Landgraf. 
Daniel J. Duggan, Henry Smith. Ludwig Erickson, George 
Betsch, Jr., Adolph Blome, Frederick Mende, Ferdinand 
May, Michael McGarry. 

PEOPLES. 

For President. Wharton Barker; for Vice-President, 
Ignatius Donnelly. 

Presidential Electors— E. A. Wallace, John J. Streeter, 
William W. Conover, Benjamin Flartey, Thomas B. Street, 
William Q. McCallister, Volney Van Gilder, John V. L. 
Pierson, Alfred Cumberbach, John R. Burnett, Jr. 



130 NEW JERSEY GUBERNATORIAL VOTE. 

NEW JERSEY'S VOTE FOR GOVERNOR FROM 1844 
TO DATE. 

1844— Stratton, W^hig, 37,949; Thomson, Dem., 36,591; Park- 
hurst, 76. Whig plurality, 1,358. 

1847— Haines, Dem., 34,765; Wright, Whig, 32,166; William 
Right, 87; Moses Jaques, 146; Scattering, 109. Democratic 
pluralitj', 2.599. 

1850— Fort, Dem., 39,723; Runk, Whig, .34,054. Democratic 
majority, 5,669. 

1853— Price, Dem., 38,312; Haywood, Whig, .34, .5.30. Demo- 
cratic majority, 3,782. 

1856— Newell, Rep., 50,903; Alexander, Dem., 48,246. Re- 
publican majority, 2,657. 

1859— Olden, Rep., 53,315; W^right, Dem., 51,714. Republican 
majority, 1,601. 

1862— Parker, Dem., 61,307; Ward, Rep., 46,710. Democratic 
majority, 14,597. 

1865— Ward, Rep., 67,525; Runyon, Dem., 64,736. Repub- 
lican majority, 2,789. 

1868— Randolph, Dem., 83,619; Blair, Rep., 79,072. Demo- 
cratic majority, 4,547. 

1871— Parker, Dem., 82,362; Walsh, Rep., 76,383. Demo- 
cratic majority, 5,979. 

1874— Bedle, Dem., 97,283; Halsey, Rep.. 84,050. Demo- 
cratic majority, 13,233. 

1877— McClellan, Dem., 97,837; Newell, Rep., 85,094; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 5,069; Bingham, Tax and Pro., 1,439. Demo- 
cratic plurality, 12,746. 

1880— Ludlow, Dem., 121,666; Potts, Rep., 121.015; Hoxsey, 
Greenback, 2,759; Ransom, Pro., 195. Democratic plu- 
rality, 651. 

1883— Abbett, Dem., 103,856; Dixon, Rep., 97,047; Urner, 
Nat., 2,960; Parsons, Pro., 4,153. Democratic plurality, 6,809. 

1886— Green, Dem., 109,939; Howey, Rep., 101,919; Fiske, 
Pro., 19,808. Democratic plurality, 8.020. 

1889— Abbett, Dem., 138,245; Grubb, Rep., 123,992; La Monte, 
Pro., 6,853. Democratic plurality, 14,253. 

1892— Werts, Dem., 167,257; Kean, Jr., Rep., 159,362; Ken- 
nedy, Pro., 7,750; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 1,338; Bird, People's, 894. 
Democratic plurality, 7,625. 

1895— Griggs, Rep., 162,900; McGill, Dem., 136.000; Wilbur, 
Pro., 6,661; Ellis, People's, 1,901; Keim, Soc.-Lab., 4,147. Re- 
publican plurality, 26,900. 

1898— Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; Lan- 
don. Pro., 6,893; Maguire, Soc.-Lab., 5,458; Schrayshuen. 
People's, 491. Republican pluralitj^ 5,499. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSIIEX. 131 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FR03I 1774 TO THK PRESENT TIME. 

CONTINENTAL CONGRESS. 

1774-5. James Kinsey; 1774-6, John Cooper, Stephen Crane. 
John De Hart, Francis Hopkinson. William Livingston, 
Richard Smith. Richard Stockton; 1776-7, Jonathan D. Ser- 
g-eant; 1776-8. Abraham Clark. Jonathan Elmer; 1776-9. John 
Witherspoon: 1777-S. Elias Boudinot; 1777-9. Nathaniel Scud- 
der; 1778-9. Frederick Frelinghuysen, Elias Dayton; 1778, 
John Nellson; 1778-80, John Fell; 1779. Thomas Henderson; 
1779-Sl. William Ch. Houston; 1780-1. William Burnett, Wil- 
liam Paterson; 1780-3. Abraham Clark; 1780-2, John Wither- 
spoon; 1781-3, William Paterson; 1782-3, Frederick Freling- 
huysen; 1781-4, Silas Condict, Jonathan Elmer; 1783-5. Johr. 
Beatty. Samuel Dick; 17S3-4. John Stevens, Sr. ; 1784-5. 
Charles Stewart, William Ch. Houston; 17S4-7, Lambert 
Cadwalader; 1785-6, John Cleaves Symmes, Josiah Horn- 
blower; 17S6-7, James Schureman; 1786-8. Abraham Clark; 
1787, William Paterson; 1787-S, Jonathan Elmer; 1787-9, Jona- 
than Dayton. 



FK03I 1781) TO DATE. 

L 1789-91— Elias Boudinot, Burlington; Lambert Cadwal- 
ader, Hunterdon; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thom.as 
Sinnickson, Salem. 

II. 1791-3— Elias Boudinot. Burlington; Abraham Clark. 
Essex; Jonathan Dayton, Essex: Aaron Kitchell, Morris; 
James Schureman, Middlesex. 

III. 1793-5 — John Beatty. Hunterdon; Elias Boudinot. 
Burlington; Lambert Cadwalader, Hunterdon; Jonatha:^ 
Dayton, Essex; Abraham Clark, Essex (died 1794j ; Aaron 
Kitchell, Morris (to fill vacancy). 

IV. 1795-7— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker). Essex; Thoma? 
Henderson. Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell. Essex; Isaac 
Smith, Hunterdon; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

V. 1797-9— Jonathan Dayton (Speaker), Essex; James H. 
Imlay, Monmouth; James Schureman, Middlesex; Thomas 
Sinnickson, Salem; Mark Thompson, Sussex. 

VI. 1799-1801— John Condit, Essex; Franklin Davenport. 
Gloucester; Samuel H. Imlay, Monmouth; Aaron Kitchell. 
Morris; James Linn, Somerset. 



132 NJOW Jl'JIlSlOV c"ongkessmp:n. 

VII. 1801-3— John Condit, Es?ex; Ebenezer Elmer. vJum- 
berland; William Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burli..gton; 
Henry Southard, Somerset. 

VIII. 1803-5— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; James Mott, Burlinprton; James Sloan. 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Eoyd, Ber- 
gen. 

IX. 1805-7— Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland; William 
Helms, Sussex; John Tjambert, Hunterdon; James Sloan, 
Gloucester; Henry Southard, Somerset; Ezra Darby, 
Essex. 

X. 1807-9— William Helms, Sussex; John Lambert, Hun- 
terdon; Thomas Newbold, Burlington; James Sloan, Glou- 
cester; Henry Southard. Somerset; E^ra Darby, Essex 
(until 1808); Adam Boyd, Bergen (from 1808-9). 

XI. 1809-11— James Cox, Monmouth (until 1810); William 
Helms, Sussex; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; Thomas New- 
bold, Burlington; Henry Southard, Somerset; Adam Boyd, 
Bergen. 

XII. lSll-1.3— Adam Boyd, Bergen; Lewis Condict. Mor- 
ris; Jacob Hufty, Cumberland; George C. Maxwell. Hun- 
terdon; James Morgan, Middlesex; Thomas Newbold, Bur- 
lington. 

XIII. 1813-15— Lewis Condict. Morris: William Cox. Bur- 
lington; Richard Stockton. Somerset; Thomas Ward. Es- 
sex; James Schureman, Middlesex; Jacob Hufty, Cumber- 
land (until 1814); Thomas Binns. Essex (1S14-1.5). 

XIV. 1815-17— Ezra Baker, Middlesex; Ephraim Bateman, 
Cumberland; Benjamin Bennett, Monmouth: Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris: Henry Southard, Somerset; Thomas Ward, 
Essex. 

XV. 1817-19— Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland; Benjamin 
Bennett, Monmouth; Joseph Bloomfield, Burlington; 
Charles Kinsey. Essex: John Linn, Sussex; Henry South- 
ard, Sussex. 

XVI. 1819-21— Ephraim Bateman. Cumberland; Joseph 
Bloomfield. Burlington; John Linn. Sussex; Barnard Smith, 
Middlesex; Henry Southard, Somerset; John Condit, Essex 
(until 1820); Thomas Binns, Essex (1820-1). 

XVn. 1821-3— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict, 
Morris; G. E. Holcombe, Monmouth; James Matlack, 
Gloucester; Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XVIII. 1823-5— George Cassady, Bergen; Daniel Garrison, 
Salem; G. E. Holcombe. Monmouth; James Matlack, Glou- 
cester; Lewis Condict, Morris; Samuel Swan, Somerset. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 133 

XIX 1S25-7— George Cassady, Bergen; Lewis Condict. 
Morris; Daniel Garrison, Salem; G. E. Holcombe, Mon- 
moutli; Samuel Swan, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Bur- 
lington, 

XX. 1S27-9— Lewis Condict, Essex; Isaac Pierson, Essex; 
Samuel Sv.-an, Somerset; Ebenezer Tucker, Burlington; 
George E. Holcombe, Monmouth (until 1828); Hedge 
Thompson, Salem (until 1S2S); James Fitz Randolph, Mid- 
dlesex (1S2S-9); Thomas Sinnickson, Salem (1S2S-9). 

XXI. 1S29-31— Richard M. Cooper, Gloucester, Lewis Con- 
dict, Morris; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; Isaac Pier- 
son, Essex; James Fitz Randolph, Middlesex; Samuel 
Swan, Somerset. 

XXII. 1831-3— Lewis Condict, Morris; Richard M. Cooper, 
Gloucester; Thomas H. Hughes, Cape May; James Fitz 
Randolph, Middlesex; Isaac Southard, Somerset; Silas 
Condit, Essex. 

XXIII. 1S33-5— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Essex; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; 
James Parker (D.), Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), 
Somerset; William N. Shinn (D.), Burlington. 

XXIV. 1835-7— Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic (re- 
signed and elected Governor); Samuel Fowler (D.), Sus- 
sex; Thomas Lee (D.), Cumberland; James Parker (D.). 
Middlesex; Ferdinand S. Schenck (D.), Somerset; William 
N. Shinn (D.), Burlington; William Chetwood .(D.), Essex 
(vacancy 1836-7). 

XXV. 1837-9- John B. Aycrigg (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones York (W.), Salem. 

XXVL 1839-41— William B. Cooper (D.), Gloucester; 
Philemon Dickerson (D.), Passaic; Joseph F. Randolph 
(Vr.), Monmouth; Daniel B. Ryall (D.), Monmouth; Joseph 
Kille (D.), Salem; Peter D. Vroom (D.), Somerset. 

XXVII. 1841-3— John B. Aycrigg: (W.), Bergen; William 
Halstead (W.), Mercer; John P. B. Maxwell (W.), Warren; 
Joseph F. Randolph (W.), Monmouth; Charles C. Stratton 
(W.), Gloucester; Thomas Jones Yorke (W.), Salem. 

XXVIII. 1843-5— Lucius Q. C. Elmer (D.), Cumberland; 
George Sykes (D.), Burlington; Littleton Kirkpatrick (D.), 
Middlesex; Isaac G. Farlee (D.), Hunterdon; William 
Vv^right (W.), Essex. 

XXIX. 1845-7— James G. Hampton (V/.), Cumberland; 
Samuel G, Wright (W.) (died 1845), Monmouth; George 
Sykes (D.), (vacancy), Burlington; John Runk (W.), Hun- 



134 NEW JERSEY rf)NOREftSMEX. 

terdon; Josejih E. EdKuU (D.), Sussex; William Wright 
(W.), Essex. 

XXX. 1817-0— James G. TTampton fW.), Cumli.Tland; 
William A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), 
Middlesex; Joseph E. Edsall (D.), Sussex; Dudley S. Greg- 
ory (W.), Hudson. 

XXXI. 1849-51— Andrew K. Hay (W.), Camden; W^illiam 
A. Newell (W.), Monmouth; John Van Dyke (W.), Middle- 
sex; Isaac Waidrick (D.), W^arren; James G. King (W^), 
Hudson. 

XXXII. 1S51-3— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Cumberland; 
Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; George H. Brown (W.), Som- 
erset; Isaac W^ildrick (D.), Warren; Rodman M. Price 
(D.), Essex. 

XXXIII. 1853-5— Nathan T. Stratton (D.), Cumberland; 
Charles Skelton (D.), Mercer; Samuel Lilly (D.), Hunter- 
don; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington (W.), 
Essex. 

XXXIV. 1855-7— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Cumberland; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; James Bishop (N. A.), 
Middlesex; George Vail (D.), Morris; A. C. M. Pennington 
(R.), Essex. 

XXXV. 1S57-9— Isaiah D. Clawson (R.), Cumberland; 
George R. Robbins (R.), Mercer; Garnet B. Adrain (D.), 
Middlesex; John Huyler (D.), Bergen; Jacob R. W^orten- 
dyke (D.), Hudson. 

XXXVI. 1859-61— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington; Garnet B. Adrain (D.). 
Middlesex; Jetur R. Riggs (D.), Passaic; William Penning- 
ton (R.) (Speaker), Essex. 

XXXVII. 1861-3— John T. Nixon (R.), Cumberland; John 
L. N. Stratton (R.), Burlington: William G. Steele (D.). 
Somerset; George T. Cobb (D.), Morris; Nehemiah Perry 
,D.), Essex. 

XXXVIII. 1863-5-John F. Starr (R.), Camden; George 
Middleton (D.), Monmouth; William G. Steele (D.), Somer- 
set; Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Nehemiah Perry (D.), 
Essex. 

XXXIX. 1865-7— John F. Starr (R.), Camden; William A. 
Newell (R.), Monmouth; Charles Sitgreaves (D.), Warren; 
Andrew J. Rogers (D.), Sussex; Ed. R. V. Wright (D.), 
Hudson. 

XL, 1S67-9— W^illiam Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles Haight 
(D.), Monmouth; Charles S-itgreaves (D.), Warren; John 
Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLI. 1869-71— William Moore (R.), Atlantic; Charles 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 1?,5 

Haight (D.). Monmouth; John T. Bird (D.). Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; Orestes Cleveland (D.). Hudson. 

XLII. 1S71-3— John W. Hazleton (R.), Gloucester; Sam'i 
C. Forker (D.). Burlington; John T. Bird (D.), Hunterdon; 
John Hill (R.), Morris; George A. Halsey (R.), Essex. 

XLIII. 1S73-5— John W. Hazleton (R.). Gloucester; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Amos Clark, Jr. (R.). 
Union; Robert Hamilton (D.), Sussex; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; Marcus I-,. Ward (R.). Essex; Isaac 
W. Scudder (R.), Hudson. 

XLIV. 1875-7— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; Sam- 
uel A. Dobbins (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Robert Hamilton (D.). Sussex; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Frederick H. Teese (D.). Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.), Hudson. 

XLV. 1877-9— Clement H. Sinnickson (R.), Salem; J. 
Howard Pugh (R.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.). Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Augustus W. Cutler 
(D.), Morris; Thomas B. Peddie (R.), Essex; Augustus A. 
Hardenbergh (D.). Hudson. 

XL VI. 1879-81— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; Heze- 
kiah B. Smith (D.), Burlington; Miles Ross (D.), Middle- 
sex; Alvah A. Clark (D.), Somerset; Charles H. Voorhis 
(R.), Bergen; John L. Blake (R.), Essex; Lewis A. Brigham 
(R.), Hudson. 

XLVII. 1881-3— George M. Robeson (R.), Camden; John 
Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; Miles Ross (D.), Middlesex; 
Henry S. Harris (D.), Warren; John Hill (R.), Mortis; 
Phineas Jones (R.>, Essex; Augustus A. Hardenbergh (D.), 
Hudson. 

XLVTII. 1883-5— Thomas M. Ferrell (D.), Gloucester; 
John Hart Brewer (R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), 
Union; Benjamin F. Howey (R.), Warren; William Walter 
Phelps (R.), Bergen; William H. F. Fiedler iD.), Essex; 
William McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

XLIX. 1885-7— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Bu- 
chanan (R.), Mercer; Robert S. Green (D.), Union; James 
N. Pidcock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.), 
Bergen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo 
(D.), Hudson. 

L. 1837-9— George Hires (R.), Salem; James Buchanan 
(R.), Mercer; John Kean, Jr. (R.), Union; James N. Pid- 
cock (D.), Hunterdon; William Walter Phelps (R.j, Ber- 
gen; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William McAdoo (D.), 
Hudson. 

LL 1889-91— Christopher A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James 



130 NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 

Biuhanan (R.). Mercer; Jacob A. Geissenhaincr (D.), Mon- 
mouth; Samuel Fowler (D.), Sussex; Charles D. Beckwith 
(R.), Passaic; Herman Lehlbach (R.), Essex; William 
McAdoo (D.), Hudson. 

LIT. 1891-3— C. A. Bergen (R.), Camden; James Buchanan 
(B..), Mercer; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), Monmouth; Samuel 
Fowler (D.), Sussex; C. A. Cadmus (D.), Passaic; T. D. 
English (D.), Essex; *E. F. McDonald (D.), Hudson. 

LIII. 1893-5— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; J. A. Geissenhainer (D.), 
Monmouth; Johnston Cornish (D.), Warren; C. A. Cadmus 
(D.), Passaic; T. D. English (D.), Essex; George B. Fielder 
(D.), Hudson; John T. Dunn (D.), Union. 

LIV. 1895-7— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.). 
Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James T. Stewart 
(R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Thomas Mc- 
Ewan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LV. 1897-9— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Mahlon Pitney (R.), Morris; James T. Stewart 
(R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Thomas Mc- 
Ewan (R.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVI. 1899-1901— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester;- 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; James T. Stew- 
art (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; fWilliam 
D. Daly (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 

LVH. 1901-3— Henry C. Loudenslager (R.), Gloucester; 
John J. Gardner (R.), Atlantic; Benjamin F. Howell (R.), 
Middlesex; Joshua S. Salmon (D.), Morris; James T. Stew- 
art (R.), Passaic; R. Wayne Parker (R.), Essex; Allan L. 
McDermott (D.), Hudson; Charles N. Fowler (R.), Union. 



*Mr. McDonald died November 5th, 1892, and he was suc- 
ceeded by George B. Fielder. 

jMr. Daly died after the first session of this Congress, 
and Allan L. McDermott was elected to fill the unexpired 
term. 



THE JTTDICTARY. 137 

THE JUDICIARY. 

(From 1704 to date.) 



CHANCELLORS. 
(Term, seven years— Salary, $10,000.) 
1845, Oliver S. Halsted; 1852, Benjamin Williamson; 1860, 
Henry W. Green; 1866, Abraham O. Zabriskie; 1873, Theo- 
dore Runyon; 1887, Alexander T. McGill; 1900, William J. 
Magie. 

CHIEF JUSTICES. 
(Term of office, seven years— Salary, $10,000.) 
1704, Roger Mompesson; 1709, Thomas Gordon; 1710. David 
Jamison; 1723, William Trent; 1724, Robert Lettis Hooper; 
1728, Thomas Farmer; 1738. Robert Hunter Morris; 1758. 
William Aynsley; 1764, Charles Read; 1764, Frederick 
Smj'th; 1776, Richard Stockton (declined; 1776, John De 
Hart (declined); 1777, Robert Morris; 1779, David Brearley; 
1789, James Kinsey; 1803, Andrew Kirkpa trick; 1824, Charles 
Ewing; 1832, Joseph C. Hornblower; 1816, Henry W. Green; 
1853, Peter D. Vroom (declined); 1853, Alexander Wurts (de- 
clined); 1861, Edward W. Whelpley; 1864, Mercer Beasley; 
1897, William J. Magie; 1900, David A. Depue. 

ASSOCIATE JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT. 
(Term of office, seven years— Salarj', $9,000 each.) 

1704, William Pinhorne; 1705, William Sandford; 1705, An- 
drew Bowne; 1706, Daniel Coxe; 1708, Thomas Revel; 1708. 
Daniel Leeds; 1710, Peter Sonmans; 1710, Hugh Huddy; 1711, 
Lewis Morris; 1711, Thomas Farmer; 1721, Peter Bard; 1734, 
Daniel Coxe; 1735. John Hamilton; 1739, Joseph Bonnel; 1739, 
John Allen; 1748, Samuel Nevil; 1749, Charles Read; 1754, 
Richard Salter; 1764, John Berrien; 1772, David Ogden; 1774, 
Richard Stockton; 1776, Samuel Tucker; 1776, Francis Hop- 
kinson (declined); 1777, Isaac Smith; 1777, John Cleves 
Symmes; 1788, John Chetwood; 1797, Andrew Kirkpatrick; 
1798, Elisha Boudinot; 1804, William S. Pennington; 1804, 
AVilliam Rossell; 1813, Mahlon Dickerson; 1815, Samuel L. 
Southard; 1820, Gabriel H. Ford; 1826, George K. Drake; 
1834, Thomas C. Ryerson; 1838, John Moore White; 1838, 
William L. Dayton; 1838, James S. Nevius; 1841, Daniel 
Elmer; 1841. Ira C. Whitehead; 1845, Thomas P. Carpenter; 
1845, Joseph F. Randolph; 1845, James S. Nevius; 1848, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1852, Liicius Q. C. Elmer; 1852, Stacy G. Potts; 



138 THE JUDICTATIY. 

1852, Daniel Haines; 1S55, Peter VredenburKh; 18r.5. Martin 
Ryerson; 1855, Elias B. D. Ogden; 1S58, Edward W. Whelp- 
ley i 1859, Daniel Haines; 1859, William S. Clawson; 1859. 
John Vandyke; 1861, George H. Brov/n; 1861. K Q. C. Elmer; 
1862, Peter Vredenburgh; 1862, L. Q. C. Elmer; 1862, Elias 
B. D. Ogden; 1865. Joseph D. Bedle; 1866, Vancleve Dalrim- 
ple; 1866, George S. WoodhuU; 1866, '73, '80, '87 and '94, David 
A. Depue; 1869, '76, '83, '90 and '97, Bennet Van Syckel; 1869. 
'76, '83 and '90, Edward W. Scudder;, 1875, '82 and '89, Man- 
ning M. Knapp; 1875, '82, '89 and '96, Jonathan Dixon; 1875. 
'82 and '89, Alfred Reed; 1880 and '87, Joel Parker; 1880, '87 
and '94, William J. Magie; 1888 and '95, Charles G. Garrison: 
1892, George T. Werts; 1893, Job H. Lippincott; 1893, Leon 
Abbett; 1895, William S. Gummere; 1895, George C. Ludlow; 
1897, Gilbert Collins; 1900, John Franklin Fort; 1900, Abram 
Q. Garretson. 

ATTORNEY-GENERALS. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $7,000.) 
1704, Alexander Griffith; 1714, Thomas Gordon; 1719, Jere- 
miah Basse; 1723, James Alexander; 1728, Lawrence Smith; 
1733. Joseph Warrel; 1754, Cortland Skinner; 1776. William 
Paterson; 1783, Joseph Bloomfield; 1792. Aaron D. Woodruff; 
1811, Andrew S. Hunter; 1S17, Theodore Frelinghuysen; 1829, 
Samuel L. Southard; 1833, John Moore White; 1838, Richard 
S. F'ield; 1841, George P. Mollesson; 1844, Richard P. Thomp- 
son; 1845, Abraham Browning; 1850, Lucius Q. C. Elmer; 
1852, Richard P. Thompson; 1857, William L. Dayton; 1861, 
F. T. Frelinghuysen; 1867, George M. Robeson; 1870, Robert 
Gilchrist; 1875, Joel Parker; 1875, Jacob Vanatta; 1877. John 
P. Stockton; 1897, Samuel H. Grey (term expires April 5th. 
1902). 

CLERKS IN CHANCERY. 

(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1831, Stacy G. Potts; 1840, Samuel R. Gummere; 1851, Dan- 
iel B. Bodine; 1856, William M. Babbitt; 1861, Barker Gum- 
mere; 1871, Henry S. Little; 1881, George S. Duryee; 1886, 
Allan L. McDermott; 1896, Lewis A. Thompson (term ex- 
pires March 28th, 1901). 

CLERKS OF SUPREME COURT. 
(Term, five years— Salary, $6,000.) 
1776, Jonathan D. Sergeant (declined); 1776, Bowes Reed; 
1781, William C. Houston; 1788, Richard Howell; 1793, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1807, William Hyer; 1812, Garret D. Wall; 1817, 
Zachariah Rossell; 1S42, Eli Morris; 1842, James Wilson; 
1852, William M. Force; 1857, Charles P. Smith; 1872, Benja- 
min F. Lee; 1897, William Riker, Jr. (term expires Novem- 
ber 2d, 1902). 



STATE OFFICERS. W 

STATE OFFICERS. 

(.From 1776 to date.) 



SECRETARIES OF STATE. 

(Term, five years— Salary. $6,000.) 
1776, Charles Pettit (resigned October 7th, 1778); 1778, 
Bowes Reed; 1794, Samuel W. Stockton; 1795, John Beatty; 
1805. James Linn; 1820, Daniel Coleman; 1830. James D. 
Westcott; 1840, Charles G. McChesney: 1851, Thomas S. 
Allison; 1861. Whitfield S. Johnson; 1866, Horace N. Congar; 
1870, Henry C. Kelsey; 1897. George Wurts (term expires 
April 1st, 1902). 

STATE TREASURERS. 

(Term, three years— Salary, $6,000.) 

1776, Richard Smith (resigned February 15th, 1777); 1777. 
John Stevens. Jr. ; 1783. John Schureman (declined) ; 1783. 
James Mott; 1799, James Salter; 1803, Peter Gordon; 1821, 
Charles Parker; 1832, William Grant; 1833, Charles Parker; 
18.36, Jacob Kline; 1837, Isaac Southard; 1843, Thomas Ar- 
rowsmith; 1845, Stacy A. Paxson; 1848, Samuel Mairs; 1851, 
Rescarrick M. Smith; 1865, David Naar; 1866, Howard Ivins; 
18'3S. William P. McMichael; 1871, Josephus Sooy, Jr.; 1875, 
Gershom Mott; 1876, George M. Wright; 1885. Jonathan H. 
Blackwell; 1885, John J. Toffey; 1891, George R. Gray; 1894. 
George B. Swain (term expires April 2d, 1903). 

STATE COMPTROLLERS. 

(Term, three years— Salary, .$6,000.) 

1865, William K. McDonald; 1871, Albert L. Runyon; 1877, 
Robert F. Stockton; 18S0. Edward J. Anderson; 1891, Wil- 
liam C. Heppenheimer; 1894. William S. Hancock (term ex- 
pires April 2d, 1903). 

ADJUTANT-GENERALS. 

(Salary, $2,500.) 

1776, William Bott; 1793, Anthony Walton White; 1803, 
John Morgan; 1804, Ebenezer Elmer; 1804, Peter Hunt; 1810, 
James J. Wilson; 1812, John Beatty; 1814, James J. Wilson; 
1814, Charles Gordon; 1816, Zachariah Rossell; 1842, Thomas 
Cadwallader; 1858, Robert F. Stockton, Jr.; 1867, William S. 
Stryker; 1900, Alexander C. Oliphant. 



HC STATE OFFICERS. 

QUARTERMASTER-GFNKRALS. 

(Salary, $1,200.) 

1776, John Mehelm; 1778, Matthias Williamson; 1813, Jona- 
than Rhea; 1821, James J. Wilson; 1824, Garret D. Wall; 
is;!(». Samuel R. Hamilton; 1855, Lewis Perrine (died 1889;; 
ISDO, Richard A. Donnelly. 

STATE PRISON KEEPERS. 

(Term since 1876, five years— Salary, $3,500.) 

Crooks; Henry Seller jeau; Francis Labaw; 1829, 

Ephraim Ryno; 1830, Thomas M. Perrine; 1836, Joseph A. 
Yard; 1839, John Voorhees; 1841, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1843, 
Joseph A. Yard; 1845, Jacob B. Gaddis; 1851, William B. 
Vanderveer; 1857, Robert P. Stoll; 1862, T. V. D. Hoagland; 
1863, Joseph B. Walker; 1866, Peter P. Robinson; 1868, Joseph 
B. Walker; 1869, David D. Hennion; 1871, Robert H. Howell; 
1873, Charles Wilson; 1876, Gershom Mott; 1881, P. H. Lav- 
erty; 1886, John H. Patterson; 1896, Samuel S. Moore (term 
expires March 24th, 1902). 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



141 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 



Below is a record of the length of each session, the date 
of meeting- and adjournment of, and the number of laws 
enacted by the various Legislatures since the adoption of 
the new Constitution in 1844: 

[Special Sessions. — An extra session convened on April 
30th, and adjourned on May 10th, 1861, called in obedience 
to Governor Olden's proclamation, to raise troops for the 
war. Laws enacted, 13; Joint Resolutions, 2. A special 
session of the Senate was convened in 1877, for the purpose 
of acting on the Governor's nominations of District Court 
Judges; it met on March 28th, and adjourned on March 
30th. A special session of the Senate was convened in 1884, 
to act on the Governor's nominations for members of the 
State Board of Assessors; it met on April 23d, and lasted 
two hours. A special session of the Legislature w^as called 
on May 25th, 1897, to correct an error in a law providing 
for the submission to the people of proposed amendments 
to the Constitution. The session met at noon, and ad- 
journed sine die the same day at 6:47 P. M.] 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tions. 


1845— January 


14, 


April 


4, 


12 Weeks 






1846— 


13. 


" 


18, 


14 


i44 




1847— 


12, 


M'ch 


5, 


8 


109 


i3 


1848- •• 


11, 




9, 


9 


136 


14 


1849— 


9, 




2, 


8 


136 


12 


1850— 


8, 


" 


8, 


9 


123 


9 


1851— 


14, 


" 


19. 


10 


171 


3 


1852— 


13, 


" 


30. 


11 


213 


9 


1853— 


12, 




11, 


9 


198 


12 


1854- " 


10, 


" 


17, 


10 


223 


13 


1855- " 


9, 


April 


6. 


13 


258 


5 


1856— 


8, 


M'ch 


14. 


10 


180 


11 


1857- " 


13, 




21, 


10 


223 


2 


1858- 


12, 


" 


18. 


10 


215 


8 


1859- " 


11, 


" 


23. 


11 


231 


1 


1860— 


10, 


" 


22. 


11 


270 


6 


1861— 


8, 


" 


15. 


10 


181 


2 


1862— 


14, 


" 


28, 


11 


194 


5 


1863— 


13, 


" 


25, 


11 


279 


3 


1864- " 


12, 


April 


14, 


14 


446 


7 


1865— 


10. 


" 


6, 


13 


514 


5 


1866— 


9, 


" 


6. 


13 


487 


6 


1867— 


18, 


" 


12, 


12 


480 


12 


1868- 


14, 




17, 


14 


566 


11 


1869— 


12. 


" 


2 


12 


577 


5 



142 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 















Joint 












Laws 


Resolu- 


Year. Meeting'. 


Adjournment. 


Length. 


enacted 


. tions. 


1870— January 


11. 


M'ch 


17, 


10 Weeks, 


532 


6 


1871— 


10, 


April 


(j, 


13 


625 


9 


1872- " 


9- 




4, 


13 


603 


10 


1873— 


14, 


" 


4, 


12 


723 


1 


1874- " 


13, 


M'ch 


27, 


11 


534 


1 


1875— 


12, 


April 


!) 


13 


439 





1876— 


11, 


" 


21 ! 


15 


213 


6 


1877— 


9, 


M'ch 


9, 


9 


156 


6 


1878- " 


8, 


April 


5, 


13 


267 


7 


1879— 


14, 


M'ch 


14, 


9 


209 


3 


1880- " 


13, 


" 


12, 


9 


224 


4 


1881— 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


230 


10 


1882- " 


10, 


" 


31, 


12 


190 


7 


1883— 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


208 


6 


1884- " 


8, 


April 


18, 


15 


225 


9 


1885— 


13. 


" 


4, 


12 


250 


4 


1886-* " 


12, 


June 


2. 


15 


279 


3 


1887-t " 


11, 


April 


7 


13 


182 


3 


1888- " 


10, 


M'ch 


.30! 


12 


337 


11 


1889— 


8, 


April 


20, 


15 


297 


8 


1890— 


14, 


May 


23. 


19 


311 


3 


1891— 


13, 


M'ch 


20, 


10 


285 


6 


1892— 


12. 




11, 


9 


296 


1 


189.3— 


10. 


" 


11, 


9 


292 


2 


1894-t " 


9, 


Oct. 


2. 


20 


354 


7 


1895—11 " 


8, 


June 


13, 


13 


434 


8 


1896- " 


14, 


M'ch 


26, 


11 


219 


2 


1897— 


12, 


" 


31, 


12 


206 


1 


1898- " 


11, 


" 


25, 


11 


242 


2 


1899— 


10. 


" 


24, 


11 


219 


3 


1900- " 


9, 


" 


23, 


11 


198 


3 



*After a session of 14 weeks the Hovuje took a recess on 
April 16th till June 1st. The Senate continued in session, 
as a Court of Impeachment, till April 22d. w'hen a recess 
was taken till June 1st. Up to the time of taking- the recess 
the Senate and House w^ere in session together 14 weeks, 
and the Senate by itself one week. Both Houses re- 
assembled on June 1st. and an adjournment sine die took 
place at 5 o'clock P. M.. on Wednesday, June 2d. The 
Laverty impeachment trial was opened before the Senate, 
sitting as a court, on March 11th. and ended on Wednesday. 
April 21st, at 9 o'clock P. M.. when a verdict of guilty on 
two counts, by a two-thirds majority, was returned. The 
trial lasted 19 days. See Senate Journal, session of 1886. 
pages 905 to 959. 

tThe Senate did not organize till February 1st. 

tOn May 26th a recess was taken until October 2d. when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and without transacting- any 
business adjourned sine die at 3:30 in the afternoon. 

llOn March 22d a recess was taken until June 4th. when 
the Legislature re-assembled, and. remaining- in session 
two weeks, adjourned sine die on June 13th. 



NEW JERSEY LEGISLATURES. 143 

POLITICAL COMPLEXION OF NEW JER- 
SEY'S LEGISLATURES. 

(From 1840 to date.) 



1840— Council. 13 Whigs; 5 Dems. House, 41 Whigs, 12 
Dems. 

1841— Council, 9 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 35 Whigs; 23 
Dems. 

1842— Council. 10 Whigs; 8 Dems. House, 32 Whigs; 26 
Dems. 

1843- Council, 6 Whigs; 12 Dems. House, 23 Whigs; 35 
Dems. 

1884— Council, 13 Whigs; 6 Dems. House, 40 Whigs; 18 
Dems. 

1845- Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 30 Whigs; 27 
Dems. ; 1 Native American. 

1846— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 40 Whigs; 18 
Dems. 

1847— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 38 Whigs; 20 
Dems. 

1848— Senate, 12 Whigs; 7 Dems. House, 39 Whigs; 19 
Dems. 

1849— Senate, 10 Whigs; 9 Dems. House, 33 Whigs; 25 
Dems. 

1850— Senate, 9 Whigs; 11 Dems. House, 25 Whigs; 35 
Dems. 

1851— Senate, 10 Whigs; 10 Dems. House. 28 Whigs; 30 
Dems. 

1852— Senate, 13 Dems. ; 7 Whigs. House. 45 Dems. ; 15 
Whigs. 

1853— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 39 Dems.; 21 
Whigs. 

1854— Senate, 13 Dems.; 7 Whigs. House, 40 Dems.; 20 
Whigs. 

1855— Senate, 10 Dems.; 9 Whigs; 1 Native American. 
House, 29 Dems.; 25 Whigs; 6 Native American. 

1856— Senate, 11 Dems.; 5 Whigs; 4 Native American. 
House, 30 Dems.; 14 Whigs; 1 Ind. Dem. ; 15 Native Amer- 
ican. 

1857— Senate, 11 Dems.; 6 Whigs; 3 Know Nothings. 
House, 38 Dems.; combined opposition, 22. 

1858— Both Houses Democratic. 

1859- Senate, Democratic. House, Opposition. 

1860— Senate, Democratic. House, 30 Dems.; 28 Reps.; 2 
American. 

1861— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1862— Senate, Democrats and Republicans, tie; Independ- 
ent, 1. House. Democratic. Democratic majority on joint 
ballot, 3. 



144 



NEW JERSEY LEGJSLATURES. 



Democrats. House, 32 Re 
8 Democrats. House 



House, 35 



House. 32 



1863— Both Houses Democratic. 

1864 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1865— Senate, Democratic. House, a tie 

1866— Both Houses Republican. 

1867— Both Houses Republican. 

1868— Both Houses Democratic. 

1869— Both Houses Democratic. 

1870 — Both Houses Democratic. 

1871— Both Houses Repuljlican. 

1872— Both Houses Republican. 

1S73— Both Houses Republican 

1874^-Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 
publicans; 28 Democrats. 

1875— Senate, 13 Republicans; 8 Democrats. House. 41 
Democrats; 19 Republicans. 

1876— Both Houses Republican. 

1877— Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House 

1878— Both Houses Democratic. 

1879— Both Houses Republican. 

1880— Both Houses Republican. 

1881— Both Houses Republican. 

1882— Senate, Republican. House, Democratic. 

1883— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. 
Democrats; 25 Republicans. 

1884— Senate. Republican. House, Democratic. 

1885— Both Houses Republican. 

1886— Both Houses Republican. 

1887— Senate, 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. 
Democrats, 26 Republicans; 2 Labor Democrats. 

1888- Senate. 12 Republicans; 9 Democrats. House, 37 Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1889— Senate, 11 Democrats; 10 Republicans. House, 32 
Democrats; 28 Republicans. 

1890— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. House, 37 
Democrats; 23 Republicans. 

1891— Senate, 14 Democrats; 7 Republicans. House, 40 
Democrats; 20 Republicans. 

1892— Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans. House, 42 
Democrats; 18 Republicans. 

1893— Senate, 16 Democrats; 5 Republicans. House, 39 
Democrats; 21 Republicans. 

1894— Senate, 11 Republicans; 10 Democrats. House, 39 Re- 
publicans; 20 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1895— Senate. 16 Republicans; 5 Democrats. House, 54 Re- 
publicans; 6 Democrats. 

1896— Senate. 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats. House, 43 Re- 
publicans; 16 Democrats; 1 Ind. Dem. 

1897_Senate, 18 Republicans; 3 Democrats. House, 56 Re- 
publicans; 4 Democrats. 

1898— Senate. 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 3( Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1899— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 37 Re- 
publicans; 23 Democrats. 

1900— Senate, 14 Republicans; 7 Democrats. House, 43 Re- 
publicans; 16 Democrats; 1 vacancy. 

1901— Senate. 17 Republicans; 4 Democrats. House, 45 Re- 
publicans; 15 Democrats. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 14o 

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF COUiNClL AND 

SPEAKERS OF THE HOUSE 

OF ASSEMBLY. 

(From 1770 to 1844. when the new Constitution was formed.) 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 

1776-81— John Stevens. Hunterdon. 

1782 —John Cox. Burlington. 

1783-84— Philemon Dickinson, Hunterdon. 

1785-88— Robert Lettis Hooper, Hunterdon. 

1789-92— Elisha Lawrence. Monmouth. 

1793-94 — Thomas Henderson. Monmouth. 

1795 —Elisha Lawrence, Monmouth. 

1796-97— James Linn, Somerset. 

1798-1800 — George Anderson, Burlington. 

1801-04— John Lambert. Hunterdon. 

1805 —Thomas Little, Monmouth. 

1806 —George Anderson. Burlington. 
J807 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cum.berland. 

1808 — Ebenezer Seeley, Cumberland. 

1809 —Thomas Ward, Essex. 
1810-11— Charles Clark, Essex. 

1812 —James Schureman, Middlesex. 

1813 —Charles Clark, Essex. 
1814-15— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1816-22— Jesse L'pson. Morris. 
1823-25— Peter J. Stryker, Somerset. 

1826 — Ephraim Bateman, Cumberland. 

1827 —Silas Cook, Morris. 

1828 —Charles Newbold, Burlington. 
1829-30— Edward Condict, Morris. 
1831-32— Elias P. Seeley, Cumberland. 

1833 — Mahlon Dickerson, Morris. 

1834 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 

1835 —Charles Sitgreaves, Warren. 

1836 — Jeptha B. Munn, Morris. 
1837-38— Andrew Parsons, Passaic. 
1839-40— Joseph Porter, Gloucester. 

1842 —John Cassedy, Bergen. 

1843 —William Chetwood, Essex. 

1844 —Jehu Patterson, Monmouth. 



l^r. T.KOFSr.ATTVK OFFTrERS. 

SPKAKETtS. 

177G-7S— John Hart, Hunterdon. 

Second Session 177.S— Caleb Camp, Essex. 

1779 —Caleb Camp. Essex. 

1780 — Josiah Hornblower, Essex. 

1781 —John Mehelm, Hunterdon. 
1782-8."]— Ephraim ?Iarris, Cuml)erland. 
1784 —Daniel Hendrickson, Monmouth. 
1785-86— Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1787 — Ephraim Harris, Cumberland. 

1788 —Benjamin Van Cleve, Hunterdon. 

1789 —John Beatty. Middlesex. 

1790 —Jonathan Dayton. Essex. 

1791 — Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 
1792-94— Silas Condict, Morris. 

179.5 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cum.berland. 

1796 —James H. Imlay. Monmouth. 

1797 —Silas Condict, Morris. 
1798-1800— William Coxe, Burlington. 

1801 —Silas Dickerson, Sussex. 

1802 —William Coxe, Burlington. 

1803 _Peter Gordon, Hunterdon. 
1804-07— James Cox, Monmouth. 
1808-09— Lewis Condict, Morris. 
1810-11— William Kennedy, Sussex. 
1812 —William Pearson, Burlington. 
181.3 —Ephraim Batemari, Cumberland. 
1814-15— Samuel Pennington, Essex. 

1810 —Charles Clark, Essex. 

1817 —Ebenezer Elmer, Cumberland. 

1818-22— David Thompson, Jr., Morris. 

1823 —Lucius Q. C. Elmer, Cumberland. 

1824 —David Johnston, Hunterdon. 
1825-26— George K. Drake, Morris. 
1827-28— William B. Ewing, Cumberland. 
1829-31— Alexander Wurts, Hunterdon. 
1S32 —John P. Jackson, Essex. 
lS.33-35— Daniel B. Ryall, Monmouth. 
18-36 —Thomas G. Haight, Monmouth. 
1837-38— Lewis Condict, Morris. 

1839 —William Stites, Essex. 
1840-41— John Emley, Burlington. 
1842 —Samuel B. Halsey, Morris. 
1843-44— Joseph Taylor, Cumberland. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 147 

SENATE OFFICERS. 



PRESIDENTS. 
1S45-4S— John C. Smallwood. Gloucester. 
3849-50— Ephraim Marsh, Morris. 

1851 —Silas D. Canfield, Passaic. 

1852 —John Manners, Hunterdon. 
1853-56— W. C. Alexander, Mercer. 
1857-58- Henry V. Speer, Middlesex. 

1859 —Thomas R. Herring-, Bergen. 

1860 — C. L. C. Giftord, Essex. 

1861 —Edmund Perry, Hunterdon. 

1862 —Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 
186.''. —Anthony Reckless. Monmouth. 
1S64 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 

1865 —Edward W. Scudder, Meicer. 

1866 —James M. Scovel, Camden. 

1867 —Benjamin Buckley, Passaic. 
1868-69— Henry S. Little, Monmouth. 
1870 —Amos Robbins, Middlesex. 
1871-72— Edward Bettle, Camden. 
187.3-75— John W. Taylor, Essex. 
1.S76 — W. J. Sewell, Camden. 

1877 —Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1878 — G. C. Ludlow. Middlesex. 
1879-80— W. J. Sewell, Camden. 
1881-82— G. A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1883 —J. J. Gardner, Atlantic. 

1884 — B. A. Vail, Union. 

1885 —A. V. Schenck, Middlesex. 
18S6 —John W. Griggs, Passaic. 
1S87 —Frederick S. Fish. Essex. 

1888 —George H. Large, Hunterdon. 

1889 —George T. Werts, Morris. 

1890 — H. M. Nevius, Monmouth. 
1891-9.3— Robert Adrain, Middlesex. 

1894 —Maurice A. Rogers, Camden. 

1895 —Edward C. Stokes, Cumberland. 

1S96 —Lewis A. Thompson. Somerset; Robert Williams, 
Passaic. 

1897 —Robert Williams, Passaic. 

1898 —Foster M. Voorhees, Union: William H. Skirm (pro 

tem.), Meixer. 

1899 —Charles A. Reed. Somerset. 

1900 —William M. Johnson, Bergen. 



148 LEOIST.ATTVE OFFTCKRS. 

Sl'X'RKTARIES. 

1845-47— Daniel Dodd, Jr., Essex. 
1848-50— Philip J. Gray, Camden. 
1851 —John Rogers, Burlington. 
1852-53— Samuel A. Allen, Salem. 

1854 —A. R. Throckmorton, Hudson. 
1855-56— A. R. Throckmorton, Monmouth. 
1857-58— A. B. Chamberlain. Hunterdon. 
1859-60— John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1861 —Joseph J. Sleeper, Burlington. 
1862-63— Morris R. Hamilton, Camden. 
1864-65— John H. Meeker, Essex. 
1866-67— Enoch R. Borden, Mercer. 
1868-69— Joseph B. Cornish, Warren. 

1870 —John C. Rafferty, Hunterdon. 
1871-74— John F. Babcock, Middlesex. 
1875-76— N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1877-78— C. M. Jemison, Somerset. 
1879 — N. W. Voorhees, Hunterdon. 
1880-82— George Wurts, Passaic. 
1883-85— W. A. Stiles, Sussex. 
1886-88— Richard B. Reading. Hunterdon. 

1889 —John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1890 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1891-92— John Carpenter, Jr., Hunterdon. 

1893 —Samuel C. Thompson, Warren. 

1894 —Wilbur A. Mott, Essex. 
1895-97— Henry B. Rollinson, Union. 
1898 —George A. Frey, Camden. 
1899-1900— Augustus S. Barber, Jr., Gloucester. 

SPEAKERS. 

1845 —Isaac Van Wagenen, Essex. 

1846 — Lewis Howell, Cumberland. 
1847-48— John W. C. Evans, Burlington. 

1849 — Edw. W. Whelpley, Morris. 

1850 — John T. Nixon, Cumberland. 

1851 —John H. Phillips, Mercer. 

1852 —John Huyler, Bergen. 

1853-54— John W. Fennimore, Burlington. 

1855 —William Parry, Burlington. 

1856 —Thomas W. Demarest, Bergen. 

1857 —Andrew Dutcher, Mercer. 

1858 —Daniel Holsman, Bergen. 

1859 —Edwin Salter, Ocean. 



LEGISLATIVE OFFICERS. 149 

1860 — Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1861 — F. H. Teese, Essex. 

1862 —Charles Haight, Monmouth. 

1863 —James T. Crowell, Middlesex. 

1864 —Joseph N. Taylor, Passaic. 

1865 — Joseph T. Crowell, Union. 
1S66 —John Hill, Morris. 

1867 — G. W. N. Curtis, Camden. 

1868 —Aug. O. Evans, Hudson. 
1869-70— Leon Abbett, Hudson. 

1871 —Albert P. Condit. Essex. 

1872 —Nathaniel Niles, Morris. 

1873 — Isaac L. Fisher, Middlesex. 

1874 —Garret A. Hobart, Passaic. 

1875 —George O. Vanderbilt, Mercer. 

1876 —John D. Carscallen, Hudson. 

1877 —Rudolph F. Rabe, Hudson. 

1878 —John Eagan, Union. 

1879 —Schuyler B. Jackson, Essex. 

1880 —Sherman B. Oviatt, Monmouth. 

1881 —Harrison Van Duyne, Essex. 

1882 —John T. Dunn. Union. 

1883 —Thomas O'Connor, Essex. 

1884 —A. B. Stoney, Monmouth. 
1885-86— E. A. Armstrong, Camden. 

1887 —William M. Baird, Warren. 

1888 —Samuel D. Dickinson, Hudson. 
1SS9 —Robert S. Hudspeth, Hudson. 
1890 — W. C. Heppenheimer, Hudson. 
1S91-92— James J. Bergen, Somerset. 

1893 —Thomas Flynn, Passaic. 

1894 —John I. Holt,* Passaic; Joseph Cross,* Union. 

1895 —Joseph Cross. Union. 

1896 —Louis T. Derousse, Camden. 

1897 —George W. Macpherson, Mercer. 
1898-99- David O. Watkins, Gloucester. 
1900 —Benjamin F. Jones, Essex. 



CLERKS. 

1845 —Alexander D. Cattell. Salem. 

1846 —Adam C. Davis, Hunterdon. 
1847-50— Alex. M. Cumming, Mercer. 
1851-52— David Naar, Essex. 



•Speaker Holt resigned on May 26th, and Mr. "Hross suc- 
ceeded him. 



150 LEGISLATIVE (JFFK"J':ilS. 

1853-54— David W. Dellicker, Somerset. 
1855 —Peter D. Vroom, Hudson. 
1856-57— William Darmon, Gloucester. 

1858 —Daniel Blauvelt, Essex. 

1859 —John P. Marker, Camden, 

1860 — D. Blauvelt, Jr., Essex. 
1861-62— Jacob Sharp, Warren. 
1863-64— Levi Scoby, Monmouth. 
1865-66— George B. Cooper, Cumberland. 
1867 —Ed. Jardine, Bergen. 
1868-70— A, M. Johnston, Mercer. 

1871 — A. M. Cumming, Mercer. 

1872-74^Sinnickson Chew, Camden. 

1875 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1876-77— John Y. Foster, Essex. 

1878 —Austin H. Patterson, Monmouth. 

1879-81— C. O. Cooper, Morris. 

1882-83— Arthur Wilson, Monmouth. 

1884 —Henry D. Winton, Bergen. 

1885-86— Samuel Toombs, Essex. 

1887 —Joseph Atkinson, Essex. 

1888 —James P. Logan, Burlington. 
1889-90- John J. Matthews, Union. 
1891-92— Thos. F. Noonan, Jr., Hudson. 

1893 —Leonard Kalisch, Essex. 

1894 —J. Herbert Potts, Hudson. 
1895-97— James Parker, Passaic. 
1898-99— Thomas H. Jones, Essex. 
1900 — James Parker, Passaic. 



STATE SENATORS. 151 

STATE SENATORS. 

BY COUNTIES, FKOM 1845 TO 1901. 



Atlantic County. 

45—47, Joel Adams. 66—68, David S. Blackman. 

48—50, Lewis M. Walker. 69—71, Jesse Adams. 

51—53, Joseph E. Potts. 72—74, William Moore. 

54—56, David B. Somers. 75—77, Hosea F. Madden. 

57—59, Enoch Cordery. 78—92, John J. Gardner. 

60—62, Thomas E. Morris. 93—98, Samuel D. Hoffman. 

63—65, Samuel Stille. 99—1901, Lewis Evans. 

lJeri?en County. 

45—47, Richard R. Paulison. 72—74, Cornelius Lydecker. 

48—49, Isaac I. Haring. 75—77, George Dayton. 

50—51, John Van Brunt. 78—80, Cornelius S. Cooper. 

52—53. Abraham Hopper. 81—83, Isaac Wortendyke. 

54—56, Daniel D. Depew. 84—85, Ezra Miller. 

57—59, Thomas H. Herring. 86—89, John W. Bogert. 

60—62, Ralph S. Demarest. 90—95, Henry D. Winton. 

63—65, Daniel Holsman. 96— 190'J, William M. Johnson. 
66—68, John Y. Dater. 01, Edmund W. Wakelee 

69—71, James J. Brinkerhoff. 

Burlington County. 

45—46, James S. Hulme. 74—76, Barton F. Thorn. 

47—49, Thomas H. Richards. 77—79, Caleb G. Ridgway. 

50—52, Joseph Satterthwaite. 80—82, Wm. Budd Deacon. 

53—58, Joseph W. Allen. 83—85, Hezekiah B. Smith. 

59—61, Thomas L. Norcross. 86—91, William H. Carter. 

62, Joseph W. Pharo. 92—94, Mitchell B. Perkins. 

63—64, William Garwood. 95—97, William C. Parry. 

65—67, Geo. M. Wright. 98—1900. Howard E. Packer. 

68—70, Job H. Gaskell. 01—03, Nathan Haines. 
71—73, Henry J. Irick. 

Camden County. 

45, Richard W. Howell. 67—72, Edward Bettle. 

46—48, Joseph C. Stafford. 73—81, William J. Sewell. 

49—51, John Gill. 82—84, Albert Merritt. 

52—54, Thomas W. Mulford. 85—87, Richard N. Herring. 

55—60, John K. Roberts. 88—90, George Pfeiffer. 

61—63, William P. Tatem. 91—96, Maurice A. Rogers. 

64—66, James M. Scovel. 97—1902, Herbert W. Johnson. 

Cape May County. 

45—46, Reuben Willets. 71—73, Thomas Beesley. 

47 — 49, James L. Smith. 74 — 76, Richard S. Leaming. 

50—52, Enoch Edmunds. 77—79, Jonathan F. Leaming. 

53—55. Joshua Swain, Jr. 80—85, AVaters B. Miller. 

56—58, Jesse H. Diverty. 86—88, Joseph H. Hanes. 

59—61, Downs Edmunds. 89-91, Walter S. Leaming. 

62—64, Jonathan F. Leaming. 92—94, Lemuel E. Miller. 
65—67. Wilmon W. Ware. 95—97, Edmund L, Ross. 

68—70, Leaming M. Rice. 98—1903. Robert E. Hand. 



\'>2 



STATE SENATORS. 



Ciiinbcrlaiul 



45—46, 
47—50, 
51—53, 
54-56, 
57—59, 
60—62, 
63—68, 
69-71, 



45, 
46—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55-57, 
58-60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 



45—48, 
49—51, 
52—54, 
55-57, 
58-60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—75, 



45—47, 
48—49, 
50, 
51—53, 
54—56, 
57—59, 
60—61, 
62—65, 
66—68, 
69—71. 
72—74, 



45—46, 
47-^9, 
50-52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64, 
65—67, 
68—70. 
71-73. 



Enoch H. More. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Lewis Howell. 
John L. Sharp. 
Nat. Stratton. 
Providence Ludlam. 
James H. Nixon. 

Essrx 

Joseph S. Dodd. 
Stephen R. Grover, 
Asa Whitehead. 
Stephen Congar. 
George R. Chetwood. 
Charles L. C. Gifford. 
James M. Quinby. 
John G. Trusdell. 
James L. Hays. 



C;<ninty. 

-74, C. Henry Shepherd. 
-77, J. Howard Willets. 
-80, George S. Whiticar. 
-86, Isaac T. Nichols. 
-89, Philip P. Baker. 
-92, Seaman R. Fowler. 
-1901, Edward C. Stokes. 



County. 

70—75, John W. Taylor. 
76—78, William H. Kirk. 
79—81, William H. Francis. 
82—84, William Stainsby. 
85—87, Frederick S. Fish. 
88—90, A. F. R. Martin. 
91—93, Michael T. Barrett. 
94—99. George W. Ketcham. 
1900—02, Thos. N. McCarter, Jr. 



Gloucester County, 



John C. Smallwood. 
Charles Reeves. 
John Burk. 
Joseph Franklin. 
Jeptha Abbott. 
John Pierson. 
Joseph L. Reeves. 
Woodward Warrick, 
Samuel Hopkins. 

Hudson 

Richard Cutwater. 
John Tennele. 
John Cassedy. 
Abraham O. Zabriskie. 
Moses B. Bramhall. 
C. V. Clickener. 
Samuel Wescott. 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Charles H. Winfield. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
John R. McPherson. 

Hunterdon C«)unty. 

Alexander Wurts. 74—76, Fred. A. Potts. 

Isaac G. Farlee. 77—79, James N. Pidcock. 

John Manners. 80—82, Eli Bosenbury. 

Alexander V. Bonnell. 83—85, John Carpenter, Jr. 



76—78, Thomas P. Mathers. 
79—81, John F. Bodine. 
82—83, Thomas M. Ferrell. 
84—87, Stacy L. Pancoast. 
88—90, Joseph B. Roe. 
91—93, George H. Barker. 
94—96. Daniel J. Packer. 
97—1902, Solomon H. Stanger. 

County. 

75—77, Leon Abbett. 
78—80, Rudolph F. Rabe. 
81—83, Elijah T. Paxton. 
84—86, William BrinkerhofC. 
87—89, William D. Edwards. 
90—91, *Edward F. McDonald. 

92, Robert S. Hudspeth. 
93—98, William D. Daly. 
99, 1900, Allan L. McDermott. 
01, Robert S. Hudspeth. 



John C. Rafferty. 
Edmund Perry. 
John Blane. 
Alexander Wurts. 
Joseph G. Bowne. 
David H. Banghart. 



86—88, George H. Large. 
89—91, Moses K. Everitt. 
92—94, William H. Martin. 
95—97, Richard S. Kuhl. 
98—1900. John R. Foster. 
01-03, William C. Gebhardt. 



*Mr. McDonald was unseated the last day of the ses- 
sion of 1890, and William S. Stuhr was given his seat. The 
first week of the session of 1891 Mr. Stuhr was unseated 
and Mr. McDonald resumed his seat. 



STATE SENATORS. 153 

Mercer Comity. 

45—50, Charles S. Olden. 75—77, Jonathan H. Blackwell. 

51—56, William C. Alexander. 78—80, Crowell Marsh. 
57—59. Robert C. Hutchinson. 81—83, John Taylor. 
60—62. Jonathan Cook. 84—86, George O. Vanderbilt. 

63—65, Edward W. Scudder. 87—92, John D. Rue. 
66—68, Aug-. G. Richey. 93—98. William H. Skirm. 

69—71, John Woolverton. 99—1901, Elijah C.Hutchinson. 

72—74. Charles Hewitt. 

Middlesex County. 

45—46. David Crowell. 77—79, George C. Ludlow. 

47—49. Adam Lee. 80—82, Isaac L. Martin. 

50—52, Edward Y. Rogers. 83—85, Abraham V. Schenck. 

53—55, Ralph C. Stults. 86-88, Daniel C. Chase. 

56—58, Henry V. Speer, 89—94, Robert Adrain. 

59—61, Abra. Everitt. 95—97, Charles B. Herbert. 

62-70. Amos Robbins. 98—1900. James H. Van Cleef. 

71—76. Levi D. Jarrard. 01—03, Theodore Strong. 

Monmouth County. 

45, Thomas E. Combs. 73—78, Wm. H. Hendrickson. 
46—48, George F. Fort. 79—81, George C. Beekman. 

49—51, John A. Morford. 82—84, John S. Applegate. 

52—54, William D. Davis. 85—87, Thomas G. Chattle. 

55—57. Robert S. Laird. 88—90, Henry M. Nevius. 

58—60, Wm. H. Hendrickson. 91—92, Thomas S. R. Brown. 
61—63. Anthony Reckless. 93, Henry S. Terhune. 

64—71, Henry S. Little. 94—96. James A. Bradley. 

72, W^m. H. Conover. Jr. 97—1902, Charles Asa Francis. 

Morris County. 

45—47, John B. Johnes. 72—74, Augustus W. Cutler. 

48—50, Ephraim Marsh. 75—77, John Hill. 

51—53, John A. Bleecker. 78—80, Augustus C. Canfield. 

54—56, Alexander Robertson. 81—86, James C. Youngblood. 
57—59, Andrew B. Cobb, 87—92, George T. Werts. 

60—62, Daniel Budd. 93—95, Elias C. Drake. 

63—65, Lyman A. Chandler. 96—98, John B. Vreeland. 
66—70, George T. Cobb. 99—1901, Mahlon Pitney. 

71, Columbus Beach, 

Ocean County. 

51—53, Samuel Birdsall. 78—80, Ephraim P. Emson. 

54—56, Jas. Cowperthwaite. 81—83, Abram C. B. Havens. 

57—62, William F. Brown. 84—92, George T. Cranmer. 

63—68, George D. Horner. 93—95, George G. Smith. 

69—71, John Torrey, Jr. 96—98. Robert B. Engle. 

72—74, John G. W. Havens. 99—1901, George G. Smith. 
75—77, John S. Schultze. 

Passaic County. 

45—46, Cornelius G. Garrison. 74—76, John Hopper. 

47-49. Martin J. Ryerson. 77—82, Garret A. Hobart. 

50—52, Silas D. Canfield. 83—88, John W. Griggs 

53—55, Thomas D. Hoxsey. 89—91, John Mallon. 

56— .58. Jetur R. Riggs. 92—94. John Hinchliffe. 

59—67, Ben.iamin Buckley. 95—97. Robert Williams. 

6S— 70, John Hopper. 98—1900. Christian Braun. 

71—73, Henry A. Williams. 01—03, Wood McKee. 



154 



STATE SENATORS. 



SaleiTi 

45, William J. Shinn. 
46—48, Benjamin Acton, Jr. 
49—51, John Summerill, Jr. 
52—54, Allen Wallace. 
55—57, Charles P. Smith. 
58—60, Joseph K. Riley. 
61—63, Emmor Reeve. 
64—66, Richard M. Acton. 
67—69, Samuel Plummer. 
70—72, John C. Belden. 



County. 

73—75, Isaac Newkirk. 
76—78, Charles S. Plummer. 
79—81, Quinton Keasbey. 
82—84, George Hires. 
85—87, Wyatt W. Miller. 
88—90, William Newell. 
91—93, James Butcher. 
94—96, John C. Ward. 
97—1902, Richard C. Miller. 



45, George H. Brown. 
46—48, William H. Leupp. 
49—51, John W. Craig. 
52—54, Moses Craig. 
55—57, Samuel K. Martin. 
58—60, James Campbell. 
61—63, Rynier H. Veghte. 
64—66, Joshua Doughty. 
67—69, John H. Anderson. 



set County. 

70—72, Calvin Corle. 
73—75, Elisha B. Wood. 
76—78, Charles B. Moore. 
79—81, John G. Schenck. 
82—84, Eugene S. Doughty. 
85—90, Lewis A. Thompson. 
91—93, William J. Keys. 
94—96, Lewis A. Thompson. 
97—1902, Charles A. Reed. 



45—46, 
47-49, 
50-52, 
53—55, 
56—58, 
59—61, 
62—64. 
65—67, 
68—73, 



58—60, 
61—63, 
64—65, 
66, 
67-69, 
70—72, 
73—75, 



45, 
46—48, 
49-51, 
52-54, 
55—57, 
58—60, 
61—63, 
64—66, 
67—69, 
70—72, 



Sussex 

Benjamin Hamilton. 
Nathan Smith. 
Joseph Greer. 
Isaac Bonnell. 
Zachariah H. Price. 
Edward C. Moore. 
Peter Smith. 
Joseph S. Martin. 
Richard E. Edsall. 



County. 

74—76, Samuel T. Smith. 
77—79, Francis M. Ward. 
80—82, Thomas Lawrence. 
83—85, Lewis Cochran. 
86—88, John A. McBride. 
89—91, Peter D. Smith. 
92—94, John McMickle. 
95—97, Jacob Gould. 
98—1903, Lewis J. Martin. 



Union County. 



John R. Ayres. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
James Jenkins. 
Philip H. Grier. 
Amos Clark, Jr. 
James T. Wiley. 
J. Henry Stone. 

War 

Charles J. Ihrie. 
Jeremy Mackey. 
George W. Taylor. 
Charles Sitgreaves. 
William Rea. 
Philip Mowry. 
James K. Swayze. 
Henry R. Kennedy. 
Abraham Wildrick. 
Edward H. Bird. 



76—78, William J. Magie. 
79—84, Benjamin A. Vail. 
85—87, Robert L. Livingston. 
88—90, James L. Miller. 
91—93, Frederick C. Marsh. 
94—98, Foster M. Voorhees. 
99—1902, Joseph Cross. 

ren County. 

73—75, Joseph B. Cornish. 
76—78, William Silverthorn. 
79—81, Peter Cramer. 
82—84, George H. Beatty. 
85—87, James E. Moon. 
88—90, Martin Wvckoff. 
91—93, Johnston Cornish. 
94—96, Christopher F. Staates. 
97—99, Isaac Barber. 
1900—1902, Johnston Cornish. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 

BY COUNTIES, FR031 1845 TO 1901. 



Atlantic 

45, 46, Joseph Ingersoll. 
47—49, Mark Lake. 

50, 51, Robert B. Risley. 

52, John H. Boyle. 

53, Thomas D. Winner. 

54, Daniel Townsend. 

55, Nicholas F. Smith. 

56, 57, David Frambes. 

58, John B. Madden. 

59, Thomas E. Morris. 
60—62, Charles E. P. Mayhew. 

63, John Godfrey. 

64, Simon Hanthom. 

65, Simon Lake. 

66, 67, P. M. Wolfseiffer. 
68, 69, Jacob Keim. 

70, 71, Benj. H. Overheiser. 
72, 73, Samuel H. Cavileer. 
74, 75, Lemuel Conover. 

Bergen 

45, William G. Hopper. 

45, Jacob C. Terhune. 

46, 47, John G, Banta. 

46, 47, Jacob J. BrinkerhofC. 
48, 49, John Ackerman, Jr. 
48, 49, Henry H. Voorhis, Jr. 
50—52, John Huyler. 
50, 51, John H. Hopper. 

52. John Zabriskie. 
53, 54, Jacob I. Demarest. 
53, 54, Abraham Van Horn. 
55, 56, Ralph S. Demarest. 
55, 56, Thomas W. Demarest. 

57, 58, Daniel Holsman. 

57, 58, Aaron H. Westervelt. 

59, Andrew C. Cadmus. 
59, 60, Enoch Brinkerhoff. 

60, John A. Hopper. 
61, 62, Abram Carlock. 
61, 62, John R. Post. 

63, 64, Thomas D. English. 
63, 64, John Y. Dater. 
65, 66. Isaac Demarest. 
65, 66, Abraham J. Haring. 

67, 68, Cornelius Christie. 
67, A. Van Emburg. 

68, 69, Henry G. Herring. 

69, 70, Eben Winton. 

70, 71, Henry A. Hopper. 

71, 72, Jacob G. Van Riper. 



County. 

76, 77, Leonard H. Ashley. 

78, Israel Smith. 
79, 80, James Jeffries. 

81, George Elvins. 

82, Joseph H. Shinn. 
S3, John L. Bryant. 

84, 85, Edward North. 
86, 87, James S. Beckwith. 

88, James B. Nixon. 
89, 90, Shepherd S. Hudson. 

91, Smith E. Johnson. 

92, Samuel D. Hoffman. 
9.3, Charles A. Baake. 

94, Frederick Schuchardt. 

95, Wesley C. Smith. 

96, 97, Marcellus L. Jackson. 
98. 99, Leonard H. Ashley. 
1900—01, Charles T. Abbott. 



unty. 

73, George J. Hopper. 



73, John J. Anderson. 
75, Henry C. Herring. 
75, John W. Bogert. 
77, John H. Winant. 

77, Barney N. Ferdon. 

78, M. Corsen Gillham. 

79, Southey S. Parramore. 

80, John A. Demarest. 
80, Oliver D. Smith. 

83, 86, John Van Bussum. 
82, Elias H. Sisson. 

84, Peter R. Wortendyke. 

84, *Jacob W. Doremus. 

85, Peter Ackerman. 

86, Eben Winton. 
88, Anderson Bloomer. 

87, Peter Ackerman. 

88, 89, Charles F.Harrington. 

89, 90, Abram De Ronde. 

90, 91, George Zimmermann. 
91, John H. Huyler. 

92, 93, Samuel G. H. Wright. 
92, 93, John J. Dupuy. 
94, Walter Dewsnap. 

94, 95, David D. Zabriskie. 

95, 96, Fred'k L. Voorhees. 

96, 97, Jacob H. Ullman. 

97, 98, Abram C. Holdrum. 

98, 99, John M. Bell. 



87, 



♦John W. Doremus was first elected, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



156 



ASSEMBJ.YMl^N. 



99. 1900, Edmund W. Wakelee.lliOl, Joseph H. Tillotson. 
1900, Vacancy caused by death 1901, James W. Mercer, 
of John Li. C. Graves. 



Uiirlingtoii County. 





45, 




45, 


45, 


47, 




45, 




45, 




46, 




46, 




46, 




46, 




46, 


47- 


-49, 


47-49, 


47, 


48, 




47, 


48- 


-50, 


49- 


-51, 


49- 


-51, 


50- 


-52, 


50, 


51, 


51- 


-53, 


52- 


-54, 


52- 


-54, 




52, 


53, 


54, 


53, 


54, 




54. 


54-56, 




55, 




55, 


55, 


57, 


55, 


56, 




^6, 




56, 


56, 


57, 


57, 


58. 


57- 


-59, 


57- 


-59, 




58, 


58, 


59, 


59, 


60. 


59—61, 


60. 


61. 


60—62, 


60- 


-62, 




61, 


62- 


-64, 


62, 


63, 


63- 


-65, 


63- 


-65. 




64, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66, 


67, 



Joseph Satterthwait. 
Isaiah Adams. 
48, John W. C. Evans. 
Edward Taylor. 
William Biddle. 
Clayton Lippincott. 
William Malsbury. 
Garrit S. Oannon. 
Stephen Willets. 
Wm. G. Lippincott. 
John S. Irick. 
Benjamin Kemble. 
Joseph W. Allen. 
William Biddle. 
Edward French. 
Samuel Stockton. 
William R. Braddock. 
William Brown. 
William S. Embley, 
Allen Jones. 
John W. Fennimore. 
Charles Haines. 
Benajah Antrim. 
Mahlon Hutchinson. 
Jacob L. Githens. 
Job H. Gaskill. 
William Parry. 
Josephus Sooy, Jr. 
Benjamin Gibbs. 
Thomas L. Norcross. 
Elisha Gaunt. 
Richard Jones. 
William M. Collom. 
Jervis H. Bartlett. 
Samuel Keys. 
Charles Mickle. 
Ezra Evans. 
Samuel C. Middleton. 
Charles S. Kemble. 
John Larzalere. 
Samuel A. Dobbins. 
George B. Wills. 
Robert B. Stokes. 
William Sooy. 
Joseph L. Lamb. 
Wm. P. McMichael. 
John M. Higbee. 
Israel W. Heulings. 
Henry J. Irick. 
Jarett Stokes. 
Samuel Stockton. 
Charles C. Lathrop. 
George W. Thompson. 



66, 67, Samuel Coate. 
66, 67, Andrew J. Fort. 
67—69, Wallace Lippincott. 
68—71, John J. Maxwell. 

68, Chas. E.Hendrickson. 

68, Charles Collins. 
09—71, Thomas C. Alcott. 

69, Theophilus I. Price. 
70, 71, Abraham Perkins. 

70, Levi French. 

71—73, Edward T. Thompson. 

72, Robert Aaronson. 
72—74, E. Budd Marter. 
72—74, George B. Borton. 

74, Townsend Cox. 

74, Joseph P. Adams. 

75. Levi French. 
75, Charles J. Gordon. 

75, Henry Moffett. 
77, Samuel Taylor. 

76, Daniel L. Piatt. 
76—78, John Cavileer. 

Edward F. Mathews. 
George Sykes. 
Wm. Budd Deacon. 
John W. Haines. 
Wm. R. Lippincott. 
William H. Carter. 
Henry C. Herr. 
John Cavileer. 
Abraham Marter. 
Thomas M. Locke. 
Theodore Budd. 
87, Stacy H. Scott. 
Horace Cronk. 



73 



75- 



76—78, 
77—79, 
78, 79 



80-82, 
80-82, 

81, 
80, 81, 

82, 
83—86, 
83, 84, 

83, 



84—86, Thomas J. Alcott. 



Allen H. Gangewer. 
88, 90, R. C. Hutchinson. 

88, 89, William H. Doron. 

89, Albert Hansell. 
89, George C. Davis. 

91, Mitchell B. Perkins. 

91, Lewis L. Sharp. 

92, A. H. White. 

93, Howard E. Packer. 

93, Micajah E. Matlack. 

94, Avigustus C. Stecher. 

95, Micajah E. Matlack. 

96, 97, George Wildes. 

97, Joshua E. Borton. 
-1901. Charles Wright. 
■1900, Joel Horner. 

1901. John G. Horner. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



In 



58. 



66, 



Cainclc 

Joseph Kay, Jr. 
John Redfleld. 
Joel G. Clark. 
Gerrard Wood. 
Edward Turner. 
Joseph B. Tatem. 
John C. Shreeve. 
John E. Marshall. 
Jacob Troth. 
Joseph Wolohon. 
Charles D. Hineline. 
Thomas W. HurfC. 
J. O. Johnson. 
J. Kay. 

Jonathan Day. 
Samuel Lytle. 
John K. Roberts. 
Samuel S. Cake. 
James L. Hines. 
Reiley Barret. 
Evan C. Smith. 
John P. Harker. 
♦Samuel Scull. 
T. B. Atkinson. 
Joseph M. Atkinson. 
Edmund Hoffman. 
Samuel M. Thorne. 
Zebedee Nicholson. 
John R. Graham. 
Joseph Stafford, Jr. 
George Brewer. 
Joel P. Kirkbride. 
James L. Hines. 
Daniel A. Hall. 
Edwin J. Osier. 
James M. Scovel. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Samuel Tatem. 
Paul C. Brinck. 
Isaac W. Nicholson. 
John F. Bodine. 
George W. N. Custis. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Edward Z. Collings. 
John Hood. 
James Wills. 
Chalkley Albertson. 
Henry S. Bonsall. 
William C. Shinn. 
Thomas H. Coles. 
Samuel Warthman. 
Charles Wilson. 



II County. 

71, Isaac W. Nicholson. 

72, Fred. Bourquin. 
71, 72, Stevenson Leslie. 
72—74, George B. Carse. 

73, Isaac Foreman. 
73, 74, William H. Cole. 

74, Chalkley Albertson. 
75—77, Alden C. Scovel. 

75, 76, 79, 80, R. N. Herring. 

75, Henry B. Wilson. 

76, 77, Oliver Lund. 

77, Samuel T. Murphy. 

78, Isaiah Woolston. 

78, 79, Alonzo D. Nichols. 
78, Andrew J. Rider. 

79, 80, Edward Burrough. 

80, 81, Plenry L. Bonsall. 

81, 82, Chris. J. Mines, Jr. 
81, 82, John H. McMurray. 

82, Robert F. S. Heath. 

83, George W. Borton. 

83, John Bamford. 

83, 84, 93, Clayton Stafford. 
84—87, Edward A. Armstrong. 

84, John W. Branning. 

85, Benjamin M. Braker. 
85, 86, Henry M. Jewett. 

86, George Pfeiffer. 

87, Philip Young. 
87, Henry Turley. 

88, 89, Adam Clark Smith. 
88, 89, 90, John Harris. 
88, 89, George H. Higgins. 
90, Franklin C. Woolman. 

90, 91, 92, Abram W. Nash. 

91, 92, Joseph M. Engard. 

91, 92, also 73, 74, Wm. H.Cole. 
93, 94, 95, Clayton Stafford. 

93, George W. Henry. 

93, 94, William J. Thompson. 

94, William Watson. 

95, George W. Barnard. 

95, 96. 97, Louis T. Derousse. 

96, 97, Frank T. Lloyd. 
96, 97, Henry S. Scovel. 
98—1901, William J. Bradley. 
98, 99, John H. McMurray. 
98, 99, Edgar J. Coles. 

1900, F. F. Patterson, Jr. 
1900, 01. Ephraim T. Gill. 
1901T George A. Waite. 



Cape May County. 



45, John Stites. 

46, Samuel Townsend. 

47, Richard S. Ludlam. 
49, Nathaniel Holmes, Jr. 54 



50, 51, Mackey Williams. 

52, Joshua Swaim. 

53, Waters B. Miller. 
55, Jesse H. Diverty. 



'In 1857 Mr. Scull was unseated by T. B. Atkinson. 



ins 



ASSP]MBI.YMEN. 



r.fi-58, 

5!), CO, 
61, 

62—64, 

65—67, 
68, 

71—73, 
74, 
75, 

76-78, 
79, 



45, 
45, 46, 
45, 46, 
46, 
47, 
47, 

47, 48, 

48, 49, 
48, 49, 
50, 51, 

50, 51, 

51, 52, 
52, 
53, 
53, 
54, 
54, 

55, 56, 

55, 56, 

57, 

57, 

58, 

58, 59, 

59, 

60, 

GO, 

61, 62, 

61, 62, 

63, 64, 

63, 64, 

65-67, 

65-68, 

68, 

69, 

69—71, 



45, 
45, 46, 

45, 
45, 46, 
45, 46, 
45, 46. 

45, 46, 

46, 47, 

46, 47, 

47, 48, 
47, 48, 
47, 48, 



Downs Edmvinds, Jr, 
Abram Reeves. Si, 82, 

Jonathan l\ Ijeaming 
Wilmon W. Ware. 
69, 70, Thos. Beesley. S9, 90 
Samuel R. Magonagle. 92, 
Richard S. Learning. 95, 
Alexander Young. 
Richard D. Edmunds. 
William T. Stevens. 99. 
Daniel Schellinger 



83—85, Jesse D. I.udlam. 
Furman T^. Richardson 

87, Alvin P. Hildreth. 

88, Walter S. Learning. 
" 91, Eugene C. Cole. 
93, 94, Edmund L. Ross. 

96, Furman L. Ludlam. 

97, Robert E. Hand. 

98, Eugene C. Cole. 
1900. Ellis H. Marshall. 

1901, Lewis M. Cresse. 



Cumbei'laiKl ('ouulv. 



Josiah Shaw. 
George Heisler. 
Lewis Howell. 
Stephen A. Garrison. 
Leonard Lawrence. 
Jeremiah Parvin. 
Uriah D. Woodruff. 
Reuben Fithian. 
Richard Lore. 
Benj. Ayres. 
Joel Moore. 
Samuel Mayhew. 
David Campbell. 
Enos S. Gandy. 
Lewis Woodruff. 
Daniel Harris. 
Morton Mills. 
James M. Wells. 
John F. Keen. 
Uriah Mayhew. 
Elias Doughty, 
Elwell Nichols. 
Robert Moore. 
Aaron S. Westcott. 
Ebenezer Hall. 
John Carter. 
William Bacon. 
J. Edmund Sheppard. 

B. Rush Bateman. 
Edward W. Maylin. 
Robert Moore. 
James H. Nixon. 
Thomas D. Westcott. 

C. Henry Shepherd. 
William A. House. 

Essex 
Isaac Van Wagenen. 
William M. Scudder. 
John Runyon. 
Hugh F. Randolph. 
Jabez Pierson. 
Keen Pruden. 
Alvah Sherman. 
George W. McLane. 
Parker Teed. 
A. S. Hubbeel. 
Jabez G. Goble. 
Francis B. Chetwood. 



70, 71, Charles C. Grosscup. 
72, 73, George S. Whiticar. 
72, 73, J. Howard Willets. 
74, 75, Lewis H. Dowdney. 

74, George B. Langley. 
75—77, George W. Payne. 

76, Isaiah W. Richman. 
77, 78, Isaac T. Nichols. 

78, James Loughron. 
79, 80, Robert P. Ewing. 
79, 80, Arthur T. Parsons. 
81, 82, Charles Ladow. 

81, John H. Avis. 

82, Philip P. Baker. 

83, Isaac M. Smalley. 

83, 84, John B. Campbell. 

84, 85, Jeremiah H. Lupton. 

85, 86, Wilson Banks. 

86, 87, Franklin Lawrence. 

87, Thomas H. Hawkins. 

88, Mulford Ludlam. 

88, Isaac M. Smalley. 

89, Thomas W. Trenchard 

89, 90, Reuben Cheesman. 

90, 93, 94, John N. Glaspell. 
91, James L. Van Syckel. 

91, 92, Edward C. Stokes. 

92, 93, Wilber H. Baxter. 
94—96, Thomas F. Austin. 
95—97, Bloomfield H. Minch. 

97, 98, James J. Hunt. 

98, 99, Wilson L, Shropshire. 
99—1901, Jesse S. Steelman. 
1900, 1901, William J. Moore. 

County. 

47, 48, Abraham Van Riper. 

47, 48, Elston Marsh. 

48, Hugh H. Bowne. 

48, 49, Charles Harrison. 

49, 50, Joel W. Condit. 
49, 50, Obadiah Meeker. 
49, 50, William F. Day. 

49, 50, Stephen Personett. 

49, Hugh H. Bowne. 
49, Lewis C. Grover. 

50, 51, Jonathan Valentine. 
50, 51, David Wade. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



159 



56, 



57, 



51. Isaac H. Piei'son. 

52, Beach Vanderpool. 
52, John C. Beardsley. 
51, Wm. M. Whitehead. 

51, Cornelius Boice. 

52, Thomas McKirgan. 
52, John M. Clark. 

52, William M. Sandford, 
52, Silas Merchant. 
52, John Munn. 

52, James S. Bell. 

53, John B. Clark. 
53, Stephen Day, Jr. 
53, Grant J. Wheeler. 
53, Edward T. Hillyer. 
53, Charles T. Day. 

53, Charles O. Bolles. 

54, Abiathar Harrison. 
54, Daniel Price. 

54, William Dennis. 

54, David S. Craig. 

54, Daniel H. Noe. 

54, James N. Joraleman. 

54, David Ripley. 

55, Hngh Holmes. 

55, Daniel D. Benjamin. 
55, Charles O. Bolles. 

55, Daniel F. Tompkins. 

56, Nehemiah Perry. 

56, James A. Pennington. 
56, Apollos M. Elmer. 
56, Joseph T. Hopping. 
56, Warren S. Baldwin. 
56, Samuel R. Winans. 
56, James E. Bathgate. 

56, George H. Doremus. 

57. Wm. K. McDonald. 
57, John C. Denman. 
57, Moses P. Smith. 
57, John D. Blake, Jr. 
57, William B. Baldwin. 
57, Charles L. C. Clifford. 

57, Elihu Day. 

58, Charles C. Stewart. 
58, John C. Thornton. 
58, Simeon Harrison. 
58, James McCracken. 
58, Joseph Booth. 

58, Ira M. Harrison. 

58, Thomas Kirkpatrick. 
60, Adolphus W.Waldron. 
60, James F. Bond. 

60, Amzi Condit. 

59, Gashier De Witt, Jr. 
59, David Ayres. 

59, Isaac P. Trimble. 

59, David A. Hayes. 

60, James McCracken. 

60, J. W. Hale. 

61, Frederick H. Teese. 

61, James Wheeler. 

62, George A. Halsey. 



61, 


62, 


61, 


62. 


61, 


62, 




61, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 




63, 




63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65. 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 




64, 




64, 




65, 




65, 




65, 


65, 


66, 




66, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


67, 


66, 


68. 




66, 




66, 




66, 




67, 




67, 




67, 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68, 




67, 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 


68, 


69, 




68, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


71, 


70, 


71, 


70. 


71, 


70, 


71, 




70. 




70, 




70, 




71, 


71, 


72, 


71, 


72, 


71, 


72, 




71, 


72, 


73, 


72. 


73, 


72, 


73, 



James M. Lang. 
David Oakes. 
John Flintoft. 
James E. Smith. 
Walter Tompkins. 
Corra Drake. 
John D. Freeman. 
John P. Jackson. 
Thomas McGrath. 
Amzi Dodd. 
John C. Llttell. 
Adolph Schalk. 
James Smith. 
Rufus F. Harrison. 
Charles A. Lightpipe. 
Thomas B. Peddle. 
John C. Seiffert. 
Bernard Kearney. 
Jeremiah DeCamp. 
Ira M. Harrison. 
J. B. S. Robinson. 
John H. Landell. 
James D. Cleaver. 
David Anderson. 
William Bodwell. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Isaac P. Trimble. 
William H. Murphy. 
Edward L. Price. 
John F. Anderson. 
David Ayres. 
James L. Hays. 
Israel D. Condit. 
Daniel Ayres. 
William R. Sayre. 
Samuel Atwater. 
Edward Hedden. 
M. H. C. Vail. 
Josiah Speer. 
James Peck. 
John Kennedy. 
Timothy W. Lord. 
Francis Macken. 
Josiah L. Baldwin. 
James L. Gurney. 
John Hunkele. 
WMlliam W. Hawkins. 
James G. Irwin. 
Joseph F. Sanxay. 
Farrand Kitchell. 
Henry W. Wilson. 
Chauncey G.Williams. 
William R. Sayre. 
Matthew Murphy. 
Albert P. Condit. 
Edmund L. Joy. 
Theodore Horn . 
Rochus Heinisch, Jr. 
William A. Ripley. 
Samuel Wilde. 
Joseph G. Hill. 
Theodore Macknett. 



160 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



72, 
72, 
72, 
73, 
73, 
74, 
74, 
74, 
74, 
75, 
75, 
75, 
74, 
73—75, 
75, 
75, 
75, 
75, 

75, 76, 

76, 77, 
76, 77, 
76. 77, 
76, 77, 

76, 
76. 
76. 

76, 80, 
77, 

77, 78. 
77, 78, 
77, 78, 

77, 78, 

78, 79, 
78, 79, 
78, 79, 
78, 79, 

78, 79, 
78, 
78, 

79-81, 

79, 80, 

79, 80, 
79, 
80, 

80, 81, 
80. 81, 
79—81, 

81, 
81, 
81, 
82, 
81, 



81, 



David Anderson. 
Daniel Murphy. 
Moses H. Williams. 
1j. M. Armstrong. 
John W. Campbell. 
Ellas O. Doremus. 
Phineas .Jones. 
Aaron G. Baldwin. 
Moses E. Halsey. 
Thomas S. Henry. 
Julius C. Fitzgerald. 
William H. Kirk. 
James T. Vanness. 
Samuel Morrow, Jr. 
Andrew Teed. 
Hugh Kinnard. 
Patrick Doyle. 
William Carrolton. 
David Dodd. 
Albert D. Traphagen. 
Francis K. Howell. 
S.V.C.Van Rensselaer. 
Elkanah Drake. 
Charles H. Harrison. 
Marcus S. Richards. 
Philip W. Cross. 
James M. Patterson. 
Joseph H. Wightman. 
Gottfried Krueger. 
Charles Gomer. 
James Malone. 
Edward D. Pierson. 
Edward W. Crane. 
George S. Duryee. 
82, Wm. H. F. Fielder. 

82, Wm. H. F. Fiedler. 
Schuyler B. Jackson. 
Alexander Phillips. 
Charles Holzwarth. 
Harrison Van Duyne. 
Peter J. Gray. 

83, 89, John Gill. 
Charles A. Felch. 
*William H. Brown. 
Elias A. Wilkinson. 
Thos W. Langstroth. 
83, Thomas O'Connor. 
Joseph L. Munn. 
William Wright. 
**Chas. G. Bruemmer. 
Michael McMahan. 
William R. Williams. 
John H. Parsons. 
David Young. 
Robert McGowan. 
Roderick Robertson. 
Ulysses B. Brewster. 



88. 



Edw'd R. Pennington. 
Adam Turkes. 
Edwin ii. Smith. 
Lucius B. Hutchinson. 
James N. Arbuckle. 
John H. Murphy. 
William Hill. 
93, John L. Armitage. 
93, William Harrigan. 
George B. Harrison. 
David A. Bell. 
Edward Q. Keasbey. 
William E. O'Connor. 
Charlese Holzwarth. 
Herman Lehlbach. 
Rush Burgess. 
Frederick S. Fish. 
Henry M. Doremus. 
R. Wayne Parker. 
Augustus F. R. Martin 
Franklin Murphy. 
Charles F. Underhill. 
Henry A. Potter. 
Elias M. Condit. 
Edwin Lister. 
Jacob Schrelhofer. 
93, John H. Peal. 
James Peck. 
Charles E. Hill. 
Michael T. Barrett. 
Elvin W. Crane. 
Frank M. McDermitt. 
James Marlatt. 
William Harrigan. 
Thomas McGowan. 
Adrian Riker. 
DeForrest P. Lozier. 
Augustus Dusenberry. 
Joseph Schmelz. 
James A. Christie. 
John Gill. 
Richard A. Price. 
92, Leonard Kalisch. 
Moses Bigelow. 
Reuben Trier. 
Geo. W. Wiedenmayer 
George Rabenstein. 
Thomas H. Pollock. 
Thomas Smith. 
Charles Trefz. 
John J. Bertram. 
Edward H. Snyder. 
Edward W. Jackson. 
John Nieder. 
John R. Hardin. 
George W. Ketcham. 
Edward M. Taylor. 



*In 1880, W. H. Brown was unseated by William R. Wil- 
liams. 

**Mr. Bruemmer was elected for 1882, but died before 
Legislature convened. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



161 





92, ' 




92, . 




92, : 




92, ^ 


92, 


93. . 


93, 


94, ^ 




93, , 


93, 


94, . 


93, 


94. . 


93, 


94, ' 


93. 


94, ; 




93, 




93. , 


93: 


94. . 




93. ' 




94, ' 


94, 


95. S 


94, 


95, . 


94, 


95, ( 


94, 


95, < 


95, 


96, . 


95, 


96, . 


95, 


96, . 


95, 


96, < 


95, 


96, ] 


95, 


96, ( 




95, : 


96, 


97. ' 


96, 


97, . 




96, ] 


96, 


97, , 


97, 


98, < 


97, 


98, ( 


45, 


46, ! 


45, 


46, : 


47, 


48, . 


47. 


48, . 


49, 


50, . 




49, . 




50, ' 


51, 


52, ] 




51, E 




52, ' 




53, . 




53, , 




54, ; 




54, ] 


55, 


56, . 


55, 


56. . 




57. , 




57, : 


58, 


59, . 


58. 


59. ( 


60, 


61, . 




60, ^ 


60, 


61, " 



Thomas F. Cavanagh. 
James A. Dempsey. 
Benedict Ulrich. 
William L. Glorieux. 
Augustus C. Studer. 
William Harrigan. 
John L. Armitage. 
Joseph P. Clarke. 
Joseph M. Byrne. 
Thomas A, Murphey. 
Dennis F. Olvaney. 
William J. Kearns. 
John H. Peal. 
J. Broadhead Woolsey. 
Timothy Barrett. 
Thomas P. Edwards. 
96. Charles B. Duncan. 
John C. Eisele. 
Charles B. Storrs. 
George P. Olcott. 
Amos W. Harrison. 
Alfred F. Skinner, 
James A. Christie. 
George L. Smith. 
David E. Benedict. 
Charles A. Schober. 
Frederick W. Mock. 
Thomas H. Jones. 
Albert J. Simpson. 
Hayward A. Harvey. 
James J. Hogan. 
Charles W. Powers. 
George W". W. Porter. 



97, 98, Edwin F. Steddig. 
97, 98, Alvin C. Ebie. 

97, George B. Harrison. 
97, 98, Jacob Rau. Jr. 



Peter B. Fairchild. 

97, 98, Carl V. Bauman. 
98, Joseph B. Johnson. 

98, 99, Albert T. Guenther. 
98, Oliver B. Dawson. 

98, William C. Schmidt. 

99, John L. Bullard. 

99, 1900, Jacob Clark. 

99, 1900, John W. Weseman. 

99, 1900, John Kreitler. 

99, 1900, Frederick J. Deleot. 

99, 1900. G. F. Brandenburgh. 

99, 1900, William Mungle. 

99, 1900, John N. Klein. 

99, 1900, John P. Dexheimer. 

99, 1900, Benjamin F. Jones. 

1900, George S. Campbell. 
1900, '01, J. Henry Bacheller. 

1901, Wm. B. Garrabrants 
1901. John Howe. 

1901. Robert W. Brown. 
1901. Ralph B. Schmidt. 
1901. Edward E. Gnichtel. 
1901, William G. Sharwell. 
1901. Edgar Williams. 
1901. Fred'k Cummings. 
1901, Robert M. Boyd. Jr. 
1901, William A. Lord. 



Ciloucester County, 



Samuel W. Cooper. 62. 
Benjamin Harding, 

John B. Miller. 63. 

John B. Hilliard. 64. 

John Duell. 65. 

John Burk. 66, 
Thomas Gaskell. 
Benjamin C. Tatem. 
Edmund Weatherby. 

Thomas Mills. 69- 

Jeptha Abbott. 69, 

John V. Parch. 71, 
John Franklin. 

Benjamin Beckett. 73, 

Jacob G. Tomlin. 73, 

James B. Albertson. 75, 
John H. Bradway. 

Benjamin Smith. 76, 

John F. Thomas. 77- 

George C. Hewitt. 78, 

John Starr. 80, 

"Joseph Harker. 80, 
♦Joseph H. Duffield. 



Allen Moore. 
Thomas G. Batten, 
E. C. Heritage. 
Nathan S. Abbott. 
William D. Wilson. 
William W. Clark. 
Jacob J. Hendrickson. 
Charles T. Molony. 
Wm. B. Rosenbaum. 
Nimrod Woolery. 
Leonard F. Harding. 
John S. Rulon. 
John R. Middleton. 
Obadiah Eldridge. 
D. W .C. Hemmingway 
Thomas B. Lodge. 
Simeon Warrington. 
Samuel Moore. 
Caleb C. Pancoast. 
Lawrence Lock. 
George Craft. 
Thomas M. Ferrell. 
Abijah S. Hewitt, 



*Mr. Harker died during the session of 1860, and Mr. 
Duffield was elected to fill the vacancy. 



1G2 



assf:mblymen. 



S3— 85, Job S. Haines. 
86, 87, Joseph B. Roe. 
88—90, James West. 
91, 92, James J. Davidson. 



93—96, Solomon H. Stanger. 
97—99, David O. Watkins. 
V.m, '01, William P. liuck. 



Hudson Couiitv. 



45, 


46, 




47, 




4S, 




49, 




50, 


51, 


52, 




52, 




52, 




53, 




53, 




53, 




54, 




54, 


54, 


55, 




55. 




55, 




56, 




56. 


56, 


57, 




57. 


57, 


58. 




58. 


58- 


-60, 




59. 




59, 




60. 




60, 




61, 




61, 


61, 


62, 




OZ, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62, 


63, 


62- 


-64, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 




64, 


64, 


65, 


64, 


65, 




65, 




65, 




65, 


65, 


66. 


66—68, 


66. 


67, 


66, 


67, 




66, 




66. 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68. 




68. 


68. 


69. 


69, 


70, 



Hart' an VanWagenen 
Benjamin t\ Welsh. 
Oliver fc>. Strong. 
Jas. J. Van Boskerck. 
Kdward T. Carpenter. 
John Van Vorst. 
Kdmund T. Parker, 
Joseph \V. Hancox. 
John Dunn Dittell. 
James S. Davenport. 
Jacob M. Vreeland. 
Clement M. Hancox. 
Aug. F. Hardenbergh. 
Jacob M. Merseles, 
Dudley S. Gregory, Jr. 
John M. Board. 
John D. Ward. 
James T. Hattield. 
George V. De Mott. 
Robert Gilchrist, Jr. 
Robert C. Bacot. 
William Voorhees. 
Garret M. Van Horn. 
Wm. H. Hemenover. 
Samuel A. French. 
W. H. Peckham. 
N. C. Slaight. 
Franklin B. Carpenter 
Theo. F. Randolph. 
Michael J. Vreeland. 
JiiUward D. Reiley. 
George McLaughlin. 
Josiah Conley. 
John B. Perry. 
Joshua Benson. 
James Lynch. 
Garret D. Van Reipen 
John B. Drayton. 
John Van Vorst. 
Abraham W. Duryee. 
Delos E. Culver. 
William E. Broking. 
Hiram Van Buskirk. 
69, 70. Leon Abbett. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
O D. Falkenburg. 
De Witt C. Morris. 
John Ramsay. 
Charles F. Ruh. 
Hosea F. Clark. 
A. O. Evans. 
John Dwyer. 
John Van Vorst. 
Henry C. Smith. 
Sidney B. Bevans. 



69, 70, 
69, 

69. 71. 

70, 71, 
70, 
70, 
71, 
71. 
71, 
71, 

72, 73, 
72, 73, 
72, 73, 
72, 73, 
72, 73, 

72, 73, 
72, 
72, 
73. 

73, 74, 

74, 75, 
74, 75, 

74, 75, 
74—76, 

74, 

74, 

74—77, 

75, 76, 
75, 
75, 
76, 
76, 
76, 

76, 78, 

76, 77, 

77, 78, 
77, 78. 

77, 78, 
77. 
77. 
77, 
78, 
78. 

78, 79. 

78. 79. 
79. 
79', 
79, 
79. 

79. 80, 

79, 80, 
SO, 81. 

80, 81. 
80. 81. 
80, 81, 



James B. Doremus. 
Elbridge V. S. Besson. 
Michael Coogan. 
Herman D. Busch. 
Abel L Smith. 
William Brinkerhoff. 
James F. Fielder. 
John Annesa. 
George Warrin. 
Josiah Hornblower. 
George H. Farrier, 
Dennis Reardon. 
George S. Plympton. 
Henry Gaede. 
Jasper Wandel. 
Anthony J. Ryder. 
James Stevens. 
John A. O'Neill. 
John Lee. 

Richard C. Washburn 
Alexander T. McGlU. 
Patrick Sheeran. 
Alexander McDonnell 
John D. Carscallen. 
Henry Coombs. 
James K. Selleck. 
Rudolph F. Rabe. 
John J. Toffey. 
Thomas Carey. 
Edward F. McDonald. 
William A. Lewis. 
Henry Brautlgam. 
Thomas C. Brown. 
Alex. Jocobus. 
Thomas J. Hannon. 
Marmaduke Tilden. 
Alexander W. Harris. 
James Stevens. 
Martin M. Drohan. 
Lewis A. Brigham. 
Elijah T. Paxton. 
Dudley S. Steele. 
Edward P. C. Lewis. 
81. T. J. McDonald. 
Henry Dusenberry. 
John Owen Rouse. 
Frank C. Frey. 
G A. Lilliendahl. 
John A. Tangeman. 
Joseph Meeks. 
Samuel W. Stilsing. 
Noah D. Taylor. 
Allan L. McDermott. 
J. Herbert Potts. 
James Curran. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



163 



80, Patrick Sheeran. 00, 91, Thomas B. Usher. 

81, Frederick Payne. 90—92, J. Herbert Potts. 

SI, 82, James J. Casey. 91, Simeon H. Smith. • 

80, 82, David W. Lawrence. 91, 92, James Moylan. 

82, 83, Thomas V. Cator. 91, Henry Puster. 
82—84, James C. Clarke. 91, John F. Madden. 
82—84, Dennis McLaughlin. 91, William D. Daly. 

82, William McAdoo. 92, Thomas Magner. 
82, Robert McCague, Jr. 92, James Tumilty. 

82, George H. Farrier. 92, George A. Heaney. 

82. David M. Durrell. 92—94, Timothy J. Carroll. 

82, John O'Rourke. 92, 93, Martin Lawless. 

83, Peter F. Wanser. 92—94, Michael J. Coyle. 

83, John M. Shannon. 92, 93. Cornelius J. Tahen. 
83—85, Edwin O. Chapman. 92, 93, John Zeller. 

83, 84, Martin Steljes. 93, 94, Ebenezer Berry. 
83, 84, Augustus A. Rich. 93, 94, Max Salinger. 

83. 84, Frank O. Cole. 93, Henry H. Holmes. 

83. 84, Joseph T. Kelly. 93, 94, Hugh A. Kelly. 

84, 85, Cornelius S. See. 93, Adam J. Dittmar. 

84, 85, 87, 88, S. D. Dickinson. 93, S. V. W. Stout. 

84, Michael J. O'Donnell. 94, Thomas Egan. 

85, Thomas H. Kelly. 94. George W. Harding. 
85, Isaac Romaine. 94, John Kerr. 

85, John W. Heck. 94, Thomas McEwan, Jr. 

85, James J. Clark. 94, Charles Erlenkotter. 

85, John Wade. 94, 95, James Usher. 

85, Fred. Frambach, Jr. 95, 96, William N. Parslow. 

85, 86, John C. Besson. 95, 96, Pierce J. Fleming. 

86. R. B. Seymour. 95, Henry C. Gruber. 

86, 87, Philip Tumulty. 95, 96, Richard M. Smart. 
86, D. A- Peloubet. 95, 96, David M. Cagney. 

86, A. B. Dayton. 95, James F, Blackshaw. 

86, 87, John Pearson. 95, Henry M. Nutzhorn. 

86, 87, 89, R. S. Hudspeth. 95, Frederick Schober. 

86, T. J. McDonald. 95, Robert McAndrew. 

86. 87, Thomas F. Noonan. 95, William E. Drake. 
S6, 87, Edward Lennon. 96, Carl H. Ruempler. 

87, Edw'd T. McLaughlin. 96, John W. Queen. 
87—90, Wm. C. Heppenhelmer. 96, John E. Hewitt. 
87—89. John P. Feeney. 96, Edward Hoos. 

87. 88, William H. Letts. 96. Joseph P. Mullin. 

88, Joseph Gallagher. 96, 98. Horace L. Allen. 
S8. 89. James F. Norton, 96, 98, Charles T. Bauer. 

88. 89. Richard Brown. 97, Elmer W. Demarest. 
88. Charles W. Fuller. 97, William M. Klink. 

88. 89. Edward P. Farrell. 97, Robert D. Urquhart. 

88. *E. Frank Short. 97, Isaac F. Goldenhorn. 

89, 92. Patrick H. O'Neill. 97. William G. Nelson. 

89. Peter T. Donnelly. 97, John E. McArthur. 

89, 90. Laurence Fagan. 97, Theodore C. Wildman. 

89, Judson C. Francois. 97, Charles M. Evans. 

90. 91. Michael Mullone. 97. Clement DeR. Leonard 
90, 91. Henry Byrne. 97, TVilJiam H. Dod. 

90. James Murphy. 97. William O. Armbruster 
90. James S. Erwin. 98. Alexander Simpson. 

90. John F. Kelly. 98. Adolph Walter. Jr. 

90. 91, Andrew J. Boyle. 98, 99, 1900, Allan Benny. 

•Mr. Short was elected to a second term of office, but 
he died before the Legislature met. Mr. Francis was 
chosen for the vacancy. 



164 



ASSKMHLYMEN. 



99, 1900, James J. Murphy. 99, 1900, J. Emil Walscheid. 

99, James P. Hall. 

99. Fergus T. Kelaher, 

99, Michael J. Bruder. 

99, John J. Marnell. 

99, 1900, Tim. J. Carroll. 
-1901, L,eon Abbett. 
-1901, Maurice Marks. 
-1901, John H. Vollers. 



Huiiterd 

45, 48, 49, Jonathan Pickel. 
45, John Swackhammer. 
45, Amos Moore. 

45, John H. Case. 

46, Henry Stevenson. 

46, 47. Isaac R. Srope. 
46, 47, Joseph Fritts. 

46, 47, Frederick Apgar. 
47 — 19, John Lambert. 
48, 49, Andrew Banghart. 
48. 49, David Van Fleet. 
50, 51, John Marlow. 
50, 51, Luther Opdycke. 
50, 51, William Tinsman. 
50—52, John R. Young. 
52. 53, Peter H. Aller. 

52, 53, Andrew Vansickle. 
52. Hiram Bennett. 

53, 54, John Lambert. 

53. 54. Samuel H. Britton, 

54, 55, Lewis Young. 

54, 55, Peter E. Voorhees. 

55, Jacob S. C. Pittenger. 

55, Edward Hunt. 
56, 57, William Sergeant. 
56, 57. John M. Voorhis. 
56. 57, Joseph W. Willever. 
56, 57, John P. Rittenhouse. 
58. 59. John H. Horn. 
58. 59. William Snyder. 
58. 59. Cornelius B. Sheets. 
58, 59. Frederick Apgar. 
60, 61, Charles Denson. 
60, 61, Ambrose Barcroft. 

60, 61, D. D. Schomp. 

60, Thos. Banghart, Jr. 

61, 62, Jacob H. Huffman. 

62, 63, S. R. Huselton. 

Mercer 

45, Israel J. Woodward. 

45, Richard J. Bond. 

45, *John Lowrey. 
46, 47, Isaac Pullen. 
46. 47, John M. Vancleve. 
46. 47, William White. 
48, 49, James M. Redmond. 
48—50. Josiah Buzby. 

•Died in office. 



1!MI0, '01 , p. Anthony Brock. 
1900. '01. George G. Tennant. 
1900, '01, John J. Fallon. 

1900, "01, Edward J. Rice. 
VAOl, John A. Dennin. 

1901, Patrick H. Connolly. 
1901, Peter Stillwell. 
1901, Kilian V. Lutz. 

oil County. 

62, 64, Joseph W. Wood. 

63, 64, David H. Banghart. 

64, 65, David B. Boss. 

65, 67, William I. Iliff. 

65, 66, James J. Willever. 

66, 67, Richard H. Wilson. 

67, 68, Baltes Pickel. 

C8, 69, John Williamson. 
68—70, Theodore Probasco. 

69, 70, John P. Lare. 

70, 71, John Kugler. 

71, 72, Peter Voorhees. 

71, 72, Aug. E. Sanderson. 
73, 74, W. L. Hoppock. 
73, 74. John Carpenter, Jr. 
75, 76. James Bird. 
75, 76. William W. Swayze. 
77, 78, Henry Britton. 
77, 78, John Hackett. 
79, 80, Charles W. Godown. 
79, 80, James N. Ramsey. 
81, 82, George H. Mathews. 
81, 82, Jacob Hipp. 
83, 84, John V. Robbins. 
83, 84, W. Howard Lake. 
85—87. John C. Arnwine. 
85—87, Chester Wolverton. 
88—90, WMlliam H. Martin. 
88—90, Laurence H. Trimmer. 
91, 92, William B. Niece. 
91—93, Benjamin E. Tine. 
93, J. L. Chamberlin. 
94, 95, Charles N. Redding. 
94—96, William C. Alpaugh. 
96—98, David Lawshe. 
97—99, George F. Martens, Jr. 
99. 1901. Oliver I. Blackwell. 
1900, '01, W. A. Laudenberger 

County. 

48, Samuel C. Cornell. 

49, John R. Dill. 

50, John F. Hageman. 
50, 51, John H. Phillips. 

51, Eli Rogers. 

51, Westley P. Danser. 

52, William Napton. 
52, John C. Ward. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



165 





52, 




53. 




53, 




53. 




54. 




54, 




54. 




55. 




55, 




55. 


56. 


57. 


56, 


57. 




56, 


57, 


58, 


58, 


59, 




58. 




59. 


59, 


60. 


60. 


61. 




60, 




61. 


61. 


62, 


62, 


63. 




62, 




63. 


63. 


64, 




64, 


64. 


65, 


65. 


66. 


65, 


66. 


66. 


67, 


67, 


71. 




67, 


68, 


69. 




68, 




68, 




69. 


69, 


70, 


70, 


71. 




70, 




71. 


72, 


73, 




72. 




72. 


73. 


74. 


73. 


74. 



Jeremiah Vandyke. 
Abner B. Tomlinson. 
Elijah L. Hendrickson 
Randal C. Bobbins. 
James H. Hill. 
Franklin S. Mills. 
Runey R. Forman. 
James Vandeventer. 
William Jay. 
Garret Schenck. 
Geo. R. Cook. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
Samuel Wooley. 
Jacob Van Dyke. 
Augustus L. Martin. 
Jonathan S. Fish. 
Robert Aitken. 
Ed. T. R. Applegate. 
Joseph Abbott. 
Harper Crozer. 
William S. Yard. 
Morgan F. Mount. 
Geo. W. Johnston. 
John G. Stevens. 
Peter Crozer. 
James G. West. 
James F. Bruere. 
John A. Weart. 
Alex. P. Green, 
Samuel Fisher. 
Thomas Crozer. 
Joseph H. Bruere. 
Charles VJ'. Mount. 
Absalom P. Lanning. 
Thomas J. Corson. 
Thomas C. Pearce. 
John P. Nelson. 
James C. Norris. 
V^illiam H. Barton. 
Charles O. Hudnut. 
Liscomn T. Bobbins. 
Alfred T^^ Smith. 
Richard R. Rogers. 
John H. Silvers. 
John N. Lindsay. 
Andrew J. Smith. 
Geo. O. Vanderbilt. 
Samuel M. Youmans. 
Robt. S. Woodruff, Jr. 



76, Enoch H. Drake. 
76. John Hart Brewer. 

76, Robert L. Hutchineon. 

77. 78. Horatio N. Burrougns. 

77. William S. Yard. 
77. J. Vance Powers. 

78. 79. 82. Eckford Moore. 
78. 79. John D. Rue. 

79, William Roberts. 
SO, 81. Charles S. Robinson. 
80, 81. Richard A. Donnelly. 
SO. 81, John V. D. Beekman. 
82, 83, Nelson M. Lewis. 
82, 83, W^illiam J. Convery. 
S3, 84, Joseph H. Applegate. 
84, 85, A. Judson Rue. 
84, 85. John Caminade. 

85. Benj, F. Chambers. 
86, 87, S. B. Hutchinson. 

86. James C. Taylor. Jr. 

86. William Ossenberg. 

87. Frederick Walter. 

87. George D. Scudder. 

88. Charles H. Olden. 
88. Josiah Jones. 

88. Lyman Leavitt. 

89. Uriel T. Scudder, 
Thomas S. Chambers. 
John Schroth. 

91. Jacob R. Wvckoff. 

Howell C. Stull. 

James H. Mulheron. 

Patrick T. Burns. 

James W. Lanning. 

Barton B. Hutchinson. 

Charles G. Roebling. 

William L. Wilbur. 

John Ginder. 

\\^illiam T. Exton. 

Elijah C. Hutchinson. 

Geo. W. Macpherson. 

J. Wiggans Thorn. 

John B. Yard. 
98. Frank M. Weller. 

98, 99. Hpnrv J. Nicklin. 

99. 1900. Ira W. Wood. 

1900. "01. J. Warren Fleming. 

1900, '01. Frederick P. Rees. 

1901. George W. Page. 





89. 


89. 


90, 


90. 


91. 




90, 




91. 


91. 


92. 


92. 


93. 


92. 


93. 




93. 


94. 


95. 


94. 


95. 


94. 


95, 


96, 


97. 


96. 


97. 


96. 


97. 


98, 


99. 



Middlesex Conntv. 



Simeon W. Phillips 
Ralph C. Stults. 
Daniel C. Dunn. 
Charles Abraham. 
Garret G. Voorhees. 
Theodore F. King. 
.Tohn A. Davison. 
Richard McDowell. 
Melancton F. Carman 51, 
Lewis S. Randolph. 
Aaron Gulick. 52, 



49, William A. Gulick. 
49, 50. .Tames Bishop. 

50, Henry Vandyke. 
50. Charles Abraham. 

50, Israel R. Coriell. 

51. David Dunn. 
51, Peter F. Dye. 

51. .T. B. Johnson. 

52. Robert M. Crowell. 

52, James Applegate. 

53, Josephus Shann. 



53-55, 

53, 54, 

54, 55, 

55, 56. 
56, 

56, 57, 
57, 

57, 58, 
58—60, 

58, 59, 
59, 
60. 
60. 

61. 62, 

62. 63, 
62, 

63. 64. 

63. 64, 

64, 65, 
65—67. 

65. 
66. 67, 
66, 67. 

68. 
68, 69. 
68. 69, 
70, 71. 

70, 
71—73, 

71, 
72. 73. 

72. 

73, 

74, 

74. 
74. 75 

75, 

75. 

76, 
76. 77. 
76, 77, 



ASSI<:iVli;LVMEI<f. 



Martin A. Howell. 
Abraham Everett. 
Samuel E. Stelle. 
William Hutchinson. 
John T. Jenkins. 
Amos Robbins. 
Henry Stults. 
John D. Buckelew. 
Ellis B. Freeman. 
Garret I. Snrdeker. 
Andrew McDowell. 
Thomas Booraem. 
Elias Dey. 
Elias Ross. 
James T. Crowell. 
Orlando Perrine. 
Miles Ross 
David B. Wyckoff. 
Abraham C. Coriell. 
69, 70. Levi D. Jarrard. 
James G. Goble. 
Nathan H. Tyrell. 
John W. Perrine. 
George E. Strong. 
Alfred "W. Jones. 
William M. Cox. 
Albert L. Runyon. 
George E. Brown. 
Isaac L. Fischer. 
Edward F. Roberts. 
Joseph C. Letson. 
Johnston Holcombe. 
H. F. Worthington. 
John Von Deursen. 
John F. Ten Broeck. 
Joseph C. Magee. Jr. 
James H. Van Cleef. 
Josephus Shann. 
Isaiah Rolfe. 
Charles A. Campbell. 
Daniel Z. Martin. 



77, John Waldron. 
78, 79, Isaac L. Martin. 
78, 79, Patrick Convery. 
78, 79, Vincent W. Mount. 

SO, Robert G. Miller. 

80, John M. Board. 

80, 81, Stephen M. Martin. 

81, 82, James H. Van Cleef. 

81, 83, Manning Freeman. 
82. John Adair. 

82, 83, James H. Goodwin. 

83, 84, William R. Jernee. 

84, 85, Edward S. Savage. 

84, 85. Robert Carson. 

85, 86. John Martin 

86, S7, John F. Ten Broeck. 

86, 87, R. R. Vandenbergh. 

87, 88, John Mulvey. 

88, 89, Ephraim Cutter. 
89, Daniel M. Kane. 

88, 89, Charles B. Herbert. 
90, 91. Luther H. Tappen. 
90, 91, William C. Jacques. 
90, 91, Charles H. Manahan. 
92—94, John W. Beekman. 
92, 93, John H. Daly. 
92, 93, Hezekiah Warne. 

94, William F. Harkins. 
94—96, Andrew H. Slover. 
95, 96, Edward W. Hicks. 
95, 96, George H. Tice. 

97. Alexander C. Litterst. 

97. Jacob H. Whitfield. 

97, James Fountain. 
98. 99, Adam Eckert. 
98. 99, Joseph H. Ridgeway. 
98. 99. John J. Ouaid. 
1900. 01. Adrian Lyon. 
1900, '01. H. Raymond Groves 
19C0, '01, J. E. Montgomery. 



lVr«niinoti 

45, George F. Fort. 
4.5 — 47. Hartshorne Tantum. 

45. 46, Andrew Simpson. 
45 — 47. Joseph B. Coward. 

45, *Jas. H. Hartshorne. 

46. 47. William Vandoren. 
46, 47, John Borden. 

47. Andrew Simpson. 

48. William W. Bennett. 
48. Joel Parker. 

48, Ferdinand Woodward 
48. *Samuel Bennett. 

48, Joel W. Ayres. 
49, 50. Alfred Walling. 

49. 50. George W. Sutphin, 
49, 50. James D. Hall. 

49, James Hooper. 



til County. 

49. John B. Williams. 

50. William G. Hooper. 

50. Charles Butcher. 
51. .52. William H. Conover. 
51, 52, Garret S. Smock. 

51. Bernard Connolly. 

52. Charles Butcher. 
51—53. Samuel W. Jones. 

.53, Charles Allen. 

53. Daniel P. Van Doren. 
. 53, 54. Robert Allen. 

54. Forman Hendrickson. 

54. John L. Corlies. 
54—56, Henry E. Lafetra. 

55, John Vandoren. 
55, Thomas B. Stout. 
55. William H. Johnson. 



'Died In office. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



lli^ 



56, 57, 
56, 57, 
56. 57, 
57—59, 
58, 59, 
58, 59. 
57—60, 
60, 61, 

60, 61, 
60, 

61. 62, 
61, 62, 

62. 
63. 65, 
63, 64, 
63, 64, 
65. 66, 
65, 66. 

66, 
67, 68, 
67, 68, 
67, 68. 

69, 
69. 70. 
69. 70. 
70—72. 

71. 
71. 72. 

72, 
73—75, 
73, 74, 
73, 74. 
75, 76, 

75. 76, 

76. 77. 

77. 78. 
77. 
78, 

78. 79, 



Jacob Herbert. 
John R. Barricklo. 
Samuel Beers. 
John "V. Conover. 
George Middleton. 
Richard B. Walling. 
Austin H. Patterson. 
William H. Mount. 
James Patterson. 
J. J. McNinney. 
William V, Ward. 
Charles Halght. 
George C. Murray. 
Michael Taylor. 
Osborn Curtis. 
David H. Wyckoff. 
Daniel A. Holmes. 
George Schenck. 
William C. Browne. 
Charles Allen. 
Francis Corlies. 
Thomas S. R. Brown. 
William H. Conover. 
Daniel H. Van Mater. 
Andrew Brown. 
Austin Pi. Patterson. 
William S. Horner. 
John T. Haight. 
"V^^'m. B. Hendrickson. 
George W. Patterson. 
John B. Gifford. 
John S. Sproul. 
Chas. D. Hendrickson. 
William V. Conover. 
James L. Rue. 
William H. Bennett. 
James H. Leonard. 
George J. Ely. 
Arthur Wilson. 



79, SO 

79, 80 

80, 81, 
SI 

81, S2 

82, 83 
82 

83, 84 

83, 84 

84, 85 
85 

85, 86 

86, 87 
86 

88, 89 
88, 89 

89 
90, 91 
90, 91 
90, 91 
92, 93 
92, 93 
92, 93 

94 

94, 95 
94 

95, 96 
95, 96 

96 

97 

07 

97 

98, 99 

98, 99 

98, 99 

1900. ' 

IPOO. • 

1900, ' 



, 87. Sherman B. Oviatt. 

, 92, 93, John D. Honce. 

, 87, 88, G. H. Lufburrow 

, Holmes W. Murphy. 

, David A. Bell. 

, Peter Forman, Jr. 

, Benjamin Griggs. 

. Alfred B. Stoney. 

, Thomas G. Chattle. 

, Charles H. Boud. 

, William H. Grant. 

, Frank E. Heyer. 

, W. S. Throckmorton. 

, William Pintard. 

, Edward B. Potts. 

, Archibald A. Higglns. 

, William F. Patterson. 

, Aaron E. Johnston. 

, William D. Campbell. 

, Charles H. Ivins. 

. John D. Honcp- 

. Reuben G. Strahan. 

, William Taber Parker. 

. Charles L. Walters. 

, David D. Denise. 

, Richard Borden. 

, Charles A. Francis. 

, George B. Snyder. 

, Alfred Walling, Jr. 

. William H. Reid. 

. Oliver H. Brown. 

, Daniel E. Van Wlckle. 

, Joseph L. Butcher. 

, Joseph C. Heyer. 

. B. Drummond WooUey 

01. Charles R. Snyder. 

01. Sam'l W. Kirkbride. 

01, William Hvres. 



!M«»riis County. 

45, Timothy Kitchel. 52, 53,' 

45. 46, Matthias Kitchel. 52, 53, 

45, 46. Henrv Seward. .53, 

45, 46, George ?I. Thompson. .54. .55, 

46, 47, Calvin Howell. .54. 55, 
47. Richard Lewis. 54, 55, 
47. Charles McFarland. 54, 
47. Samuel Hilts. 55, 56. 

48. 49. Andrew I. Smith. 56, 

48. 49, David T. Cooper. 56. 57. 

48, 49. Samuel Van Ness. 56. 57. 

48, 49, Edward W. Whelpley. 57, 58. 

50. John L. Kanouse. 57. 58. 

50. Andrew Cobb. 58, 59, 

50. Freeman Wood. 58. 59, 

50, George H. Thompson. 59, 

51. Horace Chamberlain. 59, 60, 
51, Jonathan P. Bartley. 60. 
.51, Josiah Meeker. 60—62. 

51. 52. Cornelius B. Doremus. 60—62. 

52. 53, C. S. Dickerson. 61. 



John D. Jackson. 
Robert Albright. 
John L. Kanouse. 
William P. Conkling. 
William Logan. 
Aaron Pitney. 
Andrew B. Cobb. 
Edward Howell. 
Wm. M. Muchmore. 
William A. Carr. 
Daniel Budd. 
Benjamin M. Felch. 
Richard Speer. 
Lyman A. Chandler. 
John Naughright. 
A. H. Stansborough. 
James H. Ball. 
Eugene Ayres. 
Nelson H. Drake. 
Nathan Horton. 
William W. Beach. 



KiS 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



01. 62, John Hill. 

62, 63, Jacob Vanatta. 

6.3, William J. Wood. 
63—65, Jesse Hoffman. 

64, Henry C. Sanders. 
64, 65, John Bates. 

65, Alfred M. Treadwell. 

66, John Hill. 

66, 67, James C. Yawger. 
66, 67, Elias M. White. 

67, Lewis Estler. 

68, Daniel Coghlan. 
68, George Gage. 

68—70, Jesse M. Sharp. 
69, 70, Theodore W. Phoenix. 
69, 70, Columbus Beach. 
71, 72, Nathaniel Niles. 
71, 72, W. B. Lefevre. 
71—73, August C. Canfleld. 
73, 74, W. H. Howell. 
73, 74, Jacob Z. Budd. 
74—76, Elias M. Skellinger. 
75, 76, James C. Youngblood. 
75, 76, Edmund D. Halsey. 
77, Abm. C. Van Duyne. 

77, *Cummins O. Cooper. 
77, 78, C. P. Garrabrant. 

78, Francis J. Doremus. 
78, Joshua S. Salmon. 



79, 80. Charles F. Axtell. 
79, 80, James H. Bruen. 
79, 80, Holloway W. Hunt. 
81, 82, William C. Johnson. 
81, 82. 91, 92, John F. Post. 
81, 82, Oscar Lindsley. 
8.3—85, George W. Jenkins. 
83, 84, James H. Neighbour. 
83, 84, Amzi F. Weaver. 
8.5, 86. John Seward Wills. 

85, 86, Elias C. Drake. 

86, 87, John Norwood. 

87, 88, Samuel S. Lyon. 

87, 88, John R. Pitney. 

88, 89, Carnot B. Meeker. 

89, 90, John Norris. 

89, 90, William S. Nauright. 

90, 91, Jas. Preston Albright. 

91, 92, Ford D. Smith. 

93, Thomas J. O'Brien. 

93, Sylvester Utter. 
94, 95, Charles A. Baker. 
94, 95, William C. Bates. 
96, 97. Charles F. Hopkins. 
96, 97. Joseph B. Righter. 
98—1900, Jacob W. Welsh. 
98. 99. George E. Poole. 
1900, '01, Samuel L. Garrison. 

1901, Chas. R. Whitehead. 



Ocean 

51—53, Joel Haywood, 

54, A. O. S. Havens. 
55, 56, William F. Brown, 
57—59, Edwin Salter. 

60, Thomas W. Ivins. 

61, Charles H. Applegate. 

62, Ephraim Emson. 

63, Edwin Salter. 
64, 65, Jacob Birdsall. 
66. 67, Job Edwards. 

68, 69, G. W. Cowperthwaite. 
70, 71, Albert M. Bradshaw. 

72, Richard B. Parker. 

73, John S. Shultze. 

74, Edward M. Lonan. 



County. 

75, 87, 88, 89, J. S. Goble. 

76, Ephraim P. Emson. 

77, Isaac A. Van Hise. 
78—80, Rufus Blodgett. 

81, William H. Bennett. 

82, Clifford Horner. 

83, George T. Cranmer. 

84, Augustus W. Irons. 
85, 86, George G. Smith. 
90—92. Adolph Ernst. 

93, 94, John T. Burton. 
95, 96, Abraham Lower. 
97, 98. Roderick A. Clark. 
99—1901, Courtney C. Carr. 



Passaic 

46, George W. Colfax, 

46, Chileon F. De Camp. 

47, Abm. Prall. 

48, Henry M. Van Ness. 

48, John M. Demarest. 

50, C. S. Van Wagoner. 

49, Oscar Decker. 

51, Thomas D. Hoxsey, 

52, Benjamin Geroe. 

52, J. S. Fayerweather. 



County, 

5.3, J. V. R. Van Blarcom. 

53, Cornelius Van Winkle 
53, 54, Philip Rafferty. 

54, Charles H. May. 
51, 52, 54. John L. Laroe. 

55, William C. Stratton. 

55, William M. Morrell. 
55. 56, John Schoonmaker. 
56—58. Benj. Buckley. 

56, Peter H. Whitenor. 



*In 1878, Cummins O. Cooper was unseated by Joshua 
Salmon. 



ASSEMBLYMlilN. 



160 





57. 




57, 




58. 


58, 


59. 


59- 


-61. 




59, 




60. 


60, 


61, 


61, 


62, 


62—66, 


62-66. ' 




63, 


63, 


64, 


63, 


64, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 


65, 


66, 


67, 


68, 


67, 


68. 




67, 


68, 


69, 


69, 


70, 


69, 


70. 




70. 




70. 


71. 


78, 


71. 


72, 


72, 


73, 




73, 


73. 


74. 


74, 


75, 


74. 


75, 


76. 


77, 


76, 


77. 


76, 


77. 




78, 


78, 


79, 


79, 


80, 


80, 


81, 


80, 


81, 




81. 




82. 


82. 


83. 


82, 


83, 




45, 




45. 




45, 




46. 




46, 




46. 




47, 




47. 


47, 


48, 




48, 




48. 




49. 




49, 




49. 



50. 



John J. Brown. 
James B. Beam. 
Patrick Maginnls. 
Richard Van Houten. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joel M. Johnson. 
Isaac Stagg. 
Isaac P. Cooley. 
Socrates Tuttle. 
John N. Terhune. 
Chandler D. Norton. 
Samuel Pope. 
Joseph N. Taylor. 
Charles F. Johnson. 
Aaron Kinter. 
Garret Van Wagoner, 
Isaac D. Blauvelt. 
David Henry. 
Joseph R. Baldwin. 
E. A. Stansbury. 
A. A. Van Voorhees. 
Hugh Reld. 
72. C. Hemmlngway. 
Henry Hobbs. 
Charles P. Gumee. 
79, John O'Brien. 
75, Robert M. Torbet. 
Henry McDanolds, 
George Barnes. 
Garret A. Hobart. 
David Henry. 
John P. Zeluff. 
John W. Griggs. 
John Sanderson. 
Jos. L. Cunningham. 
John Kennell. 
John H. Robinson. 
George "W. Conkling. 
Robert B. Morehead. 
Thomas B. Vreeland. 
Jacob Latus. 
Joseph A. Greaves. 
Patrick H. Shields. 
William F. Gaston. 

Salem 

David Wiley. 
Isaiah Conklyn. 
Robert Hewitt, 
Ephralm Carel. 
Charles Bilderback. 
George Remster. 
Joseph M. Springer, 
James Vanmeter. 
Joseph Foster. 
Benj. F. McCollister. 
Joseph R. Chew. 
James H. Trenchard. 
Isaac T^ipplncott. 
John Fowler. 
Charles B. Newell. 
David Sithens. 



82—85, 92, 93, Thomas Flynn. 
83, 84, Clark W. Mills. 

84. William Prall. 

84. Cornelius A. Cadmus. 
85, 86, John Scheele. 
85, 86, De Witt C. Bolton. 
85, 86, George H. Low. 

86, William B. Gourley. 
87, 88. George Law. 

87, John Donohue. 

87, Robert A. Carroll. 
87, 88. 89. James Keys. 

88, James H. Rogers. 

88, Eugene Emley. 

89, John I. Holt. 

89, Chas. T. Woodward. 

89, William W. Welch. 
90, 91, John King. 

90, 91. John F. Kerr. 

90, Thomas McCran. 
90, 91, Robert Williams. 

91, Richard Carroll. 
92, 93, Frank Gledhill. 
92, 93. 94. Thomas Flynn. 

92, 93, John F. Smith. 

92, James Parker. 

93. 94. John I. Holt. 

94, John McKelvey. 

94. William I. Lewis. 

95. Samuel Frederick. 
95. 96. James Robertson. 
95. 96. Samuel Bullock. 

95. 96, 97, 99, 1900, John King. 
96—98. Henry W. Gledhll' 
97, Frank Atherton. 

97. Phineas Bridge. 
98, 99. Wood McKee. 
98, 99, John W. Sturr. 

98. .Tohn Donohue. 
99—01, Vivian M. Lewis. 
1900. '01. Edmund G. Stalter. 

1900. Richard Berry. 

1901, Wm. B. Davidson. 
1901. Hiram Keasler. 



County 

50. 
51. 
51, 
51. 
52. 
52. 



Benjamin Remster. 

Smith Bilderback. 

Charles Benner. 

Harman Rlchman. 

Jacob Hitchner. 

John C. Lummis. 

53, Nathaniel G. Swing. 

53, John Blackwood. 

54. Isaiah D. Clawson. 

54. Richard Grler. 

55. Joshua Thompson. 
.^5, John Harris. 

56. Joseph Kille. 

56, Samuel Plummer. 

57, William Beckett. 
.57—59. Thomas B. Jones. 



170 



ASSEMI5I.YMEN. 



58, 


59, 


60, 


61, 




60, 




61, 




62, 




62, 


63. 


64, 




63, 




64, 




65, 


65, 


66, 


66. 


67, 




67, 




68, 


68. 


69, 


69, 


70, 




70, 




71, 




71, 


72. 


73, 




72, 




45, 




45, 




45, 




46, 


46. 


47, 




46, 


47-49, 


47—49, 


48-50, 


50, 


51, 




50, 




51, 


51, 


52, 




52. 


53, 


54. 


54—56, 




55, 


56, 


57, 




57, 


58, 


59, 


59, 


60, 


60, 


61, 


61- 


-63, 


62, 


63, 


64, 


65, 


65, 


66, 




45, 




45, 




45, 




46, 


46, 


47. 


46-48. 


47- 


-49, 


48- 


-50. 




49, 


50, 


51, 



Alfred Slmpkins. 
Joshua L-ippincott. 
Samuel Habermayer. 
Owen L.. Jones. 
William P. Komers. 
Samuel D. Miller. 
Joseph W. Cooper. 
Joseph Wadding-ton. 
William N. Hancock. 
William Callahan. 
A. M. P. V. H. Dickeson 
Samuel Garrison. 
John S. Newell. 
Henry M. Wright. 
Andrew S. Reeves. 
Charles P. H. Gray. 
David Evans. 
John W. Dickinson. 
John Hitchner. 
Daniel P. Darrell. 
Smith Hewitt. 



73, 74 

74, 75 
75, 
76, 

76—78, 
77 
78 

79—81, 

79—81. 

S2— 84. 

85, 86, 
87 



95, 96 

97, 98 

99 

1900. ' 



, William Iszard. 
, William B. Carpenter. 
, Charles P. Swing. 
, Richard Coles. 

Quinton Keasbey. 
, John S. Elwell. 
, William C. Kates. 

Henry Barber. 

John D. Garwood. 

Henry Combs. 
, Joseph D. Whitaker. 
. William Newell. 
, Millard F. Riley. 
, John C. Ward. 
, James Strimple. 
, William Diver. 
, Charles W. Powers. 
, Joseph B. Crispen. 
, Frank Wright. 
01, Henry J. Blohm. 



Somerset County. 



Peter Voorhees. 
Samuel Reynolds, 
Peter Kline. 
James B. Elmendorf. 
Peter T. Beekman. 
Jonathan Cory. 
Samuel K. Martin. 
F. V. D. Voorhees. 
John M. Wyckoff. 
53, John De Mott. 
Samuel S. Doty. 
Frederick D. Brokaw. 
Eugene S. Doughty. 
Michael R. Nevlus. 
John H. Anderson. 
John S. Hoagland. 
Alvah Lewis. 
Cornelius M. Schomp. 
Cornelius N. Allen. 
Nehemiah V. Steele. 
Elisha B. Wood. 
70, J. W. Arrowsmlth. 
John G. Schenck. 
John M. Mann. 
Daniel Corey. 
Rynier A. Staats. 



66, 67, Ralph Davenport. 

67, Peter A. Voorhees. 
68, 69, John J. Bergen. 

68, Abraham T. Huff. 
69—71, John R. Staats. 

71, James Doty. 

72, 73, David D. Smalley. 

73, 74. John G. Schenck. 

74, 75, William P. Sutphin. 
75—77, Joseph H. Voorhees. 
76, 77, 91, 92, Jas. J. Bergen. 
78—80, John Ringelmann. 
78—80, J. Newton Voorhees. 
81, 82, William A. Schomp. 

81. John L. Oakey. 
83. 84, Cornelius S. Hoffman. 
85. 86, John Vetterlein. 

87. George E. Pace. 

88. Oscar Conkling. 
89. 90. Jacob Klotz. 

93. George H. Cramer. 
94. 95. Frank W. Somers. 

96, Charles A. Reed. 
97, 98. Peter V. D. VanDoren. 
99. 1900. Edward E. Cooper. 

1901, Henry W. Hoagland. 



Svissex County. 



Absalom Dunning. 
Jesse Bell. 
Timothy H. Cook. 
Juhn Hunt. 
Peter Young. 
Thos. D. Armstrong. 
Peter Hoyt. 
.Tacob Hornbeck. Jr. 
Martin Ryerson. 
Guy Price. 



50 



52 



51. W^illiam Slmurson. 

51. Daniel D. Decker. 

52. George W. Collver. 
55, Aaron K. Stinson. 

52—54, Timothy E. Shay. 
53, 54, Benjamin Hamilton. 
53. 54. Luther Hill. 

55. James L. Decker. 
55—57, Daniel D. Gould. 
56— 5S. William Smith. 



ASSEMBLYMEN. 



171 



56—58, John W. Opdyke. 71, 72, 

58, Sanford McKeeby. 71, 

59, 60, Martin Cole. 75, 76, 

60, 61, Charles Mackerly. 77, 78, 
60, 61, Daniel D. Decker. 79—81, 

61, William Price. 82—84, 
62—64, William H. Bell. 85—87, 

62, Thomas N. McCarter. 88—90, 
63, 64, Robert Hamilton. 91—93, 

65, Samuel Fowler. 94—96, 

65—67, William M. Iliff. 97, 

66, 67, 73, 74, F. M. Ward. 98, 99, 

68—70. Hiram C. Clark. 1901, 
68—70, Samuel H. Hunt. 



Lebbeus Martin, 
Peter Smith. 
William Owen. 
George Greer. 
Lewis J. Martin. 
William E. Ross. 
Horatio N. Kinney. 
Andrew J. Bale. 
Jacob Swartwout. 
William P. Coursen. 
Horace E. Rude. 
1900, Elvin E. Smith. 
Theodore M. Roe. 



58, 
58, 
59, 

59, 60, 

60, 61, 
61, 

62, 63, 
62, 

63, 64, 

64, 65, 
65, 
66, 
66. 
67, 
67, 

68, 69. 
68, 69, 
70, 71, 

70, 

71. 

72, 
72—74, 
72—74. 

73. 
74, 75, 
74. 75, 
76—78, 
76. 77. 
76. 77. 
78—80. 

78, 



Union 
Benjamin M. Price. 
Cooper Parse. 
William Stiles. 
Elston Marsh. 
David Mulford. 
Israel O. Maxwell. 
Samuel L. Moore. 
John J. High. 
Noah Woodruff. 
Philip Dougherty. 
Joseph T. Crowell. 
John R. Crane. 
Thomas J. Lee. 
A. M. W. Ball. 
Enos W. Runyon. 
John H. Whelan. 
DeWitt C. Hough. 
75. Ferd. Blancke. 
Albert A. Drake. 
Joseph W. Yates. 
Andrew Dutcher. 
William McKlnley. 
John H. Lufberry. 
Jabez B. Coolev. 
William H. Gill. 
Ellas B. Pope. 
John Egan. 
Moses F. Cary. 
Benjamin A. Vail. 
George M. Stiles. 
Joseph B. Coward. 



County. 

79. 80, Philip H. Vernon. 
79—82. John T. Dunn. 
81, 82, George T. Parrott. 
81—83, Frank L. Sheldon. 
83, 84, Edward J. Byrnes. 
83, 84, Asa T. Woodruff. 

84, DeWitt C. Hough. 

85, 86, Peter L. Hughes. 
85—87, William H. Corbin. 

85, Jacob Kirkner. 

86, 87, Wm. Chamberlain. 

87, 88, John J. Matthews. 
88—90, Foster M. Voorhees. 
88—90. John Ulrlch. 

89. 90. Frederick C. Marsh. 
91. 92, John Carroll. 
91—93, George Kyte. 
91—93. Thomas F. Lane. 
93. Timothy M. KeHy. 

John N. Burger. 

Joseph Cross. 

Charles N. Codding. 

Henry Clauss. 

J. Martin Roll. 

William R. Codington 

George A. Squire. 

Roger F. Murray. 
Houston. 
Meeker. 
1900, '01, Chester M. Smith. 
1900. '01. Charles S. Foote. 



96. 

98. 

98. 

98, 99. Robert G. 

1900, '01. Ellis R. 



AV^ari-en County. 



45. 46. 

45. 

45. 
46—48. 
46—48, 
47—49, 
40—51. 
49—51. 
50. 51. 
52—54. 
52-54. 

52, 



Robert C. Caskey. 
Abram Wildrick. 
Stephen Warne. 
Jonathan Shotwell. 
Amos H. Drake. 
Samuel Mayberry. 
Andrew Ribble. 
Benjamin Fritts. 
53. John Loller. 
John Sherrer. 
David V. C. Crate. 
John Cline. 



54—56, George H. Beatty. 
55—57, Archibald Osborn. 
55—57. John White. 
57—59. Isaac Leida. 
58, 59. William Felt. 

58, Abm. S. Van Horn. 
59—61. Robert Rusling. 
60—62, John C. Bennett. 

60, Philip Shoemaker. 
61, 63, David Smith. 
62—64. William W. Strader. 
63—65, Elijah Allen. 



]72 



ASSI']iVIBI.YMEN. 



64—66. Charles G. Hoagland 
65, 66, Silas Young. 
66—68, Andrew J. Fulmer. 
c'. C8, John N. Givens. 
67—69, Nelson Vliet. 
69—71, Absalom B. Pursell. 
69—71. Caleb H. Valentine. 
70—72, William Silverthom. 
72—74, Valentine Mutchler. 
73—75. Joseph Anderson. 

75. John M. Wyckoff. 

76, William Carpenter. 
76—78, Elias J. Mackey. 96 
77—79, Silas W. De Witt. 96 
79—81, Coursen H. Albertson. 99 
80-82, William Fritts. 99 



83- 



87- 



94, 



82, Robert Bond. 
-85, Stephen C. Larison. 
-85, Isaac Wildrick. 

86. Thomas L. Titus. 

87, William M. Baird. 
-89, Samuel B. Mutchler. 
-91, Eliphalet Hoover. 
-92. Daniel W. Hagerty. 
-94, L. Milton Wilson. 

93. Richard H. Sheppard. 

95. Samuel V. Davis. 

95, George W. Smith. 
-98. Alfred L. Flummerfelt. 
-98. William K. Bowers. 
-1901, Hiram D. White. 
-1901, Jacob B. Smith. 



STATE C'OMMITTKKS. 173 



STATE COMMITTEES. 



REPUBLICAN. 



Headquarters, Newark. 

Franklin Murphy. Chairman; Edward C. Stokes. Vice- 
Chairman; William Riker, Jr.. Treasurer; John S. Gibson, 
Secretary. 

At Larg-e — Franklin Murphy, Newark; William Settle. 
Camden; Charles N. Fowler, Elizabeth; William Riker, Jr., 
Orange. 

Atlantic— John J. Gardner, Atlantic City. 

Bergen— C. E. Breckenridge, Mayweed. 

Burlington— R. C. Hutchinson, Bordeiitown. 

Camden— David Baird, Camden; C. N. Robinson, Camden. 

Cape May— Robert E. Hand, Erma. 

Cumberland— Edward C. Stokes, Millville. 

Essex — Henry M. Deremus, Newark; Henry A. Potter, 
East Orange. 

Gloucester— H. C. Loudenslager, Paulsboro. 

Hudson— Samuel D. Dickinson, Jersey City; Edward Fry, 
Jersey City. 

Hunterdon— Richard B. Reading, Lambertville. 

Mercer— William H. Skirm, Trenton. 

Middlesex— Henry H. Banker, New Brunswick. 

Monmouth— C. Asa Francis, North Long Branch. 

Morris— Mahlon Pitney, Morristown. 

Ocean— A. M. Bradshaw, Lakewood. 

Passaic— Robert Williams, Paterson. 

Salem— John C. Ward, Centreton. 

Somerset— Edward J. Anderson, Somerville. 

Sussex— H. D. Van Gassbeek, Deckertown. 

Union— John Kean, Elizabeth. 

Warren— A. Blair Kelsey, Belvidere. 

Auxiliary Members— Alfred B. Cosey, Newark; R. Henri 
Herbert, Trenton. 

Executive Committee— Franklin Murphy, Edward C. 
Stokes, William Riker, Jr.. John Kean, E. J. Anderson, 
William Bettle, Samuel D. Dickinson, C. E. Breckenridge, 
David Baird, Mahlon Pitney, Richard B. Reading, Robert 
Williams. 

Finance Committee — Franklin Murphy, Charles N. 
Fowler, Henry A. Potter, W. S. Hancock, William Bar- 
bour. 



171 STATE rOMMTTTEES. 

DEMOC'RATir. 

Headquarters, Jersey City. 

William B. Gourley, Chairman; William K. Devereux, 
Secretary; Gon. Richarrl A. Donnelly. Treasurer; A. D'A. 
Naar, Sergeant-at-Arms. 

At Large— William B. Gourley, Paterson; Richard A. 
Donnelly, Trenton; Rufus Blodgett. Long Branch; William 
C. Heppenheimer, Hoboken; Howard Carrow. Camden. 

Atlantic— John T. French, Hammonton. 

Bergen— William B. Pugh, Ridgefield. 

Burlington— Eckard P. Budd, Mt. Holly. 

Camden— Harry B. Paul, Camden. 

Cape May— David W. Rodan, Cape May. 

Cumberland— Edward E. Grosscup, Bridgeton. 

Essex— E. Livingston Price, Newark. 

Gloucester— Benman S. Cox, Paulsboro. 

Hudson— E. F. C. Young, Jersey City. 

Hunterdon— William H. Martin, Frenchtown. 

Mercer— James W. Lanning, Trenton. 

Middlesex— Oliver Kelly, Metuchen. 

Monmouth— David S. Crater, Freehold. 

Morris— Willard W. Cutler, Morristown. 

Ocean— Charles L. Rogers. Manchester. 

Passaic— Louis F. Braun, Paterson. 

Salem— Robert Gwynne, Jr., Salem. 

Somerset— William J. Keys, Somerville. 

Sussex— Lewis S. Iliff, Newton. 

Union— Peter Egennolf, Elizabeth. 

Warren— Johnston Cornish, Washington. 

Executive Committee— E. F. C. Young, Chairman; John- 
ston Cornish, E. Livingston Price, Rufus Blodgett, David 
S. Crater, James W. Lanning, Harry B. Paul, William C. 
Heppenheimer, 

STATE REPUBLICAN LEAGUE OF NEW JERSEY. 

F. F. Meyer, Jr., President, Newark; E. C. Hill, Treas- 
urer, Trenton; George P. Coles, Recording Secretary, New- 
ark; C. J. Ahlstedt, Corresponding Secretary, Newark. 

Vice-Presidents— H. W. Johnson, Merchant ville; W. E. 
Edge, Atlantic City; Benjamin F. Howell, New Brunswick; 
J. B. R. Smith, Washington; William McKenzie, East 
Rutherford; James M. Baxter, Newark; Robert Carey 
Jersey City; G. E. Ludlow, Cranford. 

Executive Committee-Atlantic, George G. Clinton, At- 
lantic City; Bergen, Ernst Neithardt, Rochelle Park; Bur- 
lington. A. J. Briggs, Riverton; Camden, E. E. Jefferies 



STATE COMMITTEES. 175 

ramden: Cape May. Lewis T. Stevens, Cape ]May City: 
Cumberland. Dr. N. S. Greenwood, Carmel; Essex, William 
F. Poucher. East Orange; Gloucester, David O. Watkins, 
Woodbury; Hudson. John T. Bechtold. Bayonne; Hunter- 
don. Walter F. Hayhurst, Lambert ville; Mercer, C. K. 
Barnhart. Trenton; Middlesex. J. Bromley Adams, Me- 
tuchen: Monmouth, L. E. Watson, Asbury Park; Morris, 
Samuel G. Harris, Boonton; Ocean, Joseph M. Thompson, 
New Eg-ypt; Passaic, Charles B. Lovell, Paterson; Somer- 
set, C. J. Grummersbach. Bound Brook; Salem. Joseph B. 
Crispen, Mannington; Sussex, Dr. E. C. Tuttle, Decker- 
town; Union, Edmund B. Horton, Cranford; Warren, John 
I. Blair Reiley, Phillipsburg. 

New Jersey Vice-President National Republican League, 
Frank J. Higgins; New Jersey member Executive Com- 
mittee National Republican League. F. F. Meyer, Jr. 

THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY OF NEW JERSEY. 

George H. Lambert, President, Newark; James F. Min- 
turn. Treasurer, Hcboken; George W. Kane, Secretary, 
Paterson. 

NEW JERSEY LOCAL OPTION COMMITTEE. 

Executive Committee— Frederic L. Colver, Chairman, 
Tenafly; J. N. Voorhis, Treasurer, Cherry Hill; F. H. Cum- 
ming. Secretary, Tenafly; Rev. H. W. Hathaway, Eliza- 
beth; A. M. Hulbert, Cresskill; Donald MacColl, Newark; 
Robert Alberts, Jersey City; George H. Lincks, Jersey 
City; Hobert E. Speer, Englewood; Rev. A. W. Spooner, 
D.D., Camden; Rev. Father William McNulty, Paterson; 
Joel Borton, Woodstown; Rev. Cornelius Brett, D.D., Jer- 
sey City; Rev. E. Morris Ferguson, Trenton; Arthur N. 
Pierson, Westfield; Rev. J. T. Kerr, Elizabeth; Rev. C. E. 
Wyckoff, Irvington; David D. Ackerman, Closter; James 
Leach, Park Ridge; Rev. A. G. Lawson, Camden; John 
William Gaj-nor, Salem. 



17fi PARTY PT.ATFORMS. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 



REPUBI.TCAN. 



(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton. Thurs- 
day, September 22, 1898.) 

The representatives of the Republican party of New Jer- 
sey, assembled in convention, September 22d. 1898. hereby 
resolve and declare: 

That we affirm our adhesion and devotion to the funda- 
mental principles of the National Republican party as set 
forth in the platform adopted at the St. Louis convention 
in 1896. 

That we specially declare our undying- opposition to any 
proposition to debase the national currency, a proposition 
so repugnant to the honest voters of New Jersey that when 
it was presented to them in all its bare iniquity in 1896, 
they promptly buried it under an unprecedented majority 
of 87,000, and declared in favor cf representatives of na- 
tional honor and honesty, McKinley and Hobart. 

We heartily approve and endorse the administration of 
President McKinley. His treatment of domestic questions 
has more than fulfilled all expectations, and the wisdom 
of his foreign policy and the firmness and dignity with 
which it has been maintained have won for him not only 
the confidence and approbation of our own people, but the 
highest respect of the civilized world. Involved without 
due preparation in a war in the interests of humanity, he 
pursued a course which commanded united support at 
home and effectively silenced the assaults of interested 
diplomacy abroad. In three months this conflict was 
brought to a practical end with a smaller percentage of 
loss from battle and disease than in any w^ar of modern 
times, and with the result of freeing a suffering people 
from a reign of cruelty and oppression; of acquiring new 
and valuable territory; of opening to our people new ave- 
nues of trade and commerce; furnishing new outlets and 
demands for the agricultural and industrial products of 
our people, and, above all, providing millions of our fellow- 
creatures an open door to those blessings of education and 
of civil and religious liberty which have for a hundred 
years followed the advance of the American flag. 

We take a special pride as Jerseymen that the eminent 
citizen whom this State gave to the national administra- 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 177 

tion, elected in 1S%, has been so singularly capable and 
potential in the office of "Vice-President, and has invested 
that station with rare dignity and influence. 

We approve the annexation of the Hawaiian Islands, and 
view this act as an important step in the advance of Amer- 
ican civilization. 

We repose entire confidence in the wisdom and patriotism 
of the President, and the commission appointed by him to 
negotiate sucli a treatj^ of peace as will meet the just ex- 
pectations of our people, by insisting on an adjustment in 
which the interests of this Republic, and of civilization and 
humanity, will be secured, as far as possible, as the fruits 
of the valor of our soldiers and sailors in the war with 
Spain. Called to the Presidency in a time of national 
bankruptcy, caused by the administration of the Demo- 
cratic party, William McKinley was commissioned by the 
American people to restore confidence, to re-establish a 
tariff system under which American labor and capital 
might recover from the blighting efEects of the Wilson 
bill; to save our financial system from the dangers of Bry- 
anism, so that American enterprise might go boldly for- 
ward tc the development of our resources. Under his ad- 
ministration business has revived, labor has found em- 
ployment, and prosperity is returning. These things have 
been accomplished notwithstanding the fact that in his 
effort to execute the people's mandate the President has 
been shackled with a hostile Senate. How much more can 
be accomplished if for the remainder of his term the Presi- 
dent and his administration have the support and sym- 
pathy of a Congress friendly in both branches. 

During the present Congress this State has enjoyed a 
commanding influence by having a Republican Senator 
and a delegation in the Lower House unanimously of the 
same faith. They have been most diligent and successful 
in their labor for the best interests of our State and nation, 
and we cordially endorse their work and thank them in the 
name of the people of New Jersey. 

That we heartily endorse the conduct of our State affairs 
by Governor John W. Griggs during his incumbency, which 
illustrated the highest ideal of an executive and fully met 
the expectations of a purified administration which his 
election raised in the people of New Jersey, and we hold 
it to be a subject of pride to our State that he has been 
summoned by the President to assume as a patriotic duty 
the charge of one of the most important and responsible 
departments of the National Government. The brilliant 
record he has made as Attorney-General of the United 
12 



178 PARTY PT.ATFORMS. 

States (luring an unexijected and most trying f-mergency 
has given our State renewed octasion for gratillcation. 

We lieartily endorse and approve the brief but brilliant 
administration of Acting Governor F. M. Voorhees. Com- 
ing to the executive chair from a long experience in the 
legislative branch of the government, he was peculiarly 
lifted to discharge the civil duties thus unexpectedly thrust 
upon him, and it is known of all men that his diligence, 
fidelity, and a sincere desire for the public welfare, have 
characterized his every executive act. We especially com- 
mend him for his untiring devotion to the interests of our 
soldiers. Whether encamped in this or in other States, 
they never were beyond the Acting Governor's watchful 
eye nor outside the zone of his efficient care. 

We tender our thanks to the citizens of this and other 
States who, inspired by a patriotic impulse, have left their 
homes and occupations to sustain the arms of the State 
and the nation. We recognize their devotion to duty, 
whether in camp or on the field of combat; and we pledge 
ourselves to the full and liberal recognition of all the 
proper claims of our patriotic heroes, and if by the mis- 
conduct or incompetency of any officials their health or 
their lives have been unnecessarily sacrificed or endan- 
gered, we feel assured that the President and his Constitu- 
tional advisers will make such investigations as will bring 
the offenders, regardless of past or present political affilia- 
tion, to punishment. 

We recognize the special revenue law as a necessar\- 
war measure, and recommend its repeal as soon as will be 
justifiable by the reduced expenses of the government. 

Three years ago we appealed to the voters of New Jersey 
to unite in rescuing the State from the grasp of a political 
oligarchy which had brought every department and insti- 
tution of the State, the internal affairs of our cities and 
towns and even the morals of this Commonwealth, into 
subserviency to their ends. 

They squandered the State revenue by the creation of 
useless offices and by falsifying bills of supply, and sought 
to prostitute every branch of the State Government t( 
partisan and personal purposes. With splendid majorities 
the people of almost every county in the State responded 
to our appeal and committed the legislative and executive 
branches of the government to the care of the Republican 
party. We promised them a clean, honest and economical 
administration of State Government, in the interest and 
for the welfare of the whole people. This promise has 
been faithfully kept. Having blotted from the statute- 



PARTY PLATFORMS. I79 

liooks the laws under which the most infamous form of 
race-track gambling had brought ignominy and disgrace 
upon the State, we have embodied in the Constitution an 
amendment forever prohibiting: a re-enactment of such 
laws; we have banished partisanship from statutes and 
delivered the several State institutions, boards and com- 
missions from political control. In offices of the State 
and the larger counties, we have substituted reasonable 
salaries tor the fee system, and thus converted into the 
public treasury, for the benefit of the people, large sums 
which were formerly used for political purposes 

^ e have doubled the annual appropriation for the sup- 
Savers of the" "'°'^, ''"^^"^- '^^^ ^^^'^ ^^^--^ ^^- tax- 
payers of the several counties by distributing- amongst 

hrsta'rr"'' "r^ ^^^^^ ^^^^'^ ^^ ^he tax rec^l^ed ?.- 
the State from railroad corporations 

We have increased the appropriation for good roads We 

have made liberal appropriations for the support and 

proper care of the insane, the feeble-minded and other 

unfortunate defectives of the State. We have pafd off over 

half a million of the public debt. We have expended in he 

Tersrooo OOra'T"".""^^"*^^^^*^" ^^^ ^^^^^ institutions 
mer $1,000,000, and, notwithstanding these disbursements 
for the public benefit, we are able, through a ri^id and 

fhfst'T T"°"^' '° '^"" ^" ^"^^^^^^ ^" the balance "n 
he State Treasury of $200,000, as compared with 1893 the 
year m which the voters of New Jersey set the seal of 
condemnation upon Democratic misrule 

We have codified and condensed many of the cumbersome 
and complex State statutes, and this important and neces- 
.-ary work will be continued to completion 

The full list of the beneficent legislative acts since the 
State passed under Republican control is too long to be 
recited here, but the statute-books and public records of 
the State are filled with evidences of the faithfulness with 
which we have redeemed the pledges made three years ago 

We here and now renew these pledges. We promise a 
continuance of the policy of rigid economy in every de- 
partment of the State Government, liberal appropriations 
for purposes of public necessity and welfare, continued 
opposition to extravagant and wasteful use of the public 
money, legislation for the benefit and elevation of the 
laboring people, for the promotion of the agricultural and 
industrial interests of the State and the general good and 
well being of all. 

The time has again come for the people of the State to 
rally arourd the standard of good government, and we ap- 



ISO PARTY PLATFORMS. 

peal to all the patrhttic voters of New Jersey to give theii 
voices and votes to avert dire calamity, which would result 
from relegating- the State again to the hands of the polit- 
ical jobbers and unscrupulous ringstcrs who are seeking to 
regain their lost control. 

DEMOCRATIC. 

(Adopted at the State Convention held at Trenton, Wed- 
nesday, September 28th, 1898.) 

We, the representatives of the Democratic party in State 
Convention assembled, re-affirming ovir devotion to all the 
great and vital principles of the Democratic party on na- 
tional issues, and believing, however, that the coming 
State campaign should be fought out on State issues, and 
for the redemption of the State from Republican extrava- 
gance, corruption and misrule, declare the paramount 
issues in the coming campaign to be: 

Equal taxation, home rule, honest State and municipal 
government, the abolition of useless and expensive State 
commissions, the reduction of the large present expenses 
of the State Government to the economical standard main- 
tained for years under Democratic rule, the reduction of 
official salaries, the abolishment of the fee system and the 
placing of all officials on a salary basis, the enactment of 
laws in the interest of organized labor and for the protec- 
tion of the wage-workers of the State, the repeal of all 
laws that abridge the right of juries to fix the amount of 
damages in cases where the death of a person is caused by 
wrongful act, and the release of the administration of 
State affairs from the control of corporations and their 
restoration to the authority of the people. 

We demand that the tax laws of this State be amended 
to provide for the equal taxation of all property, real and 
personal, not used for religious, charitable or educational 
purposes, in accordance with the mandates of the Consti- 
tution, which says: 

"Property shall be assessed for taxes under general laws, 
and by uniform rules, according to its true value." 

We charge the Republican party, which has had com- 
plete control of all branches of the State Government dur- 
ing the past three years, with having violated the pledges 
it m.ade to the people before being entrusted with power. 

We charge the Republican party with having created 
useless and needless State commissions at the expense of 
thousands of dollars to the people of this State, and pledge 
the Democratic party to the enactment of laws that will 
secure their abolishment. 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 181 

We charge that the Republican party has been guilty of 
gross extravagance in the administration of State affairs, 
and that the expenses of the State Government under Re- 
publican rule have been increased nearly half a million 
dollars annually and are now largely in excess of what 
they should be for an honest and economical administra- 
tion of the government, and beyond the annual revenues 
of the State by thousands of dollars. We pledg-e the Dem- 
ocratic party to a reduction of expenses and an economical 
and business-like administration of the affairs of the State. 

We charge that the salaries of public officials are far in 
excess of what they should be, and pledge the Democratic 
party to the enactment of laws that will secure the reduc- 
tion of the same. 

We pledge the Democratic party to the enactment of 
laws that will abolish the fee system in all State and 
county offices and place all such officials on a salary basis, 
thereby saving- to the people of this State thousands of 
dollars, which will revert to the public treasury instead of 
the pocket of the office-holder. 

We condemn the action of the recent Republican Legis- 
latures which refused almost every request made for legis- 
lation in the interest of organized labor and repealed acts 
passed by Democratic Legislatures for the protection of 
the wage-workers of New Jersey; and we pledge our party 
to give proper consideration to the views adopted by the 
councils of organized labor. 

We charge Foster M. Voorhees, the Republican candidate 
for Governor, with being- an enemy of organized labor, and 
that he has proved his hostility by his official acts while 
acting- as Governor of the State. 

We favor the repeal of all laws abridging- the right of 
juries to fix the amount of damages in cases where the 
death of a person is caused by wrongful act, and condemn 
the brutal opinions filed by Republican judges in constru- 
ing such laws. 

We favor an amendment to the laws of the State provid- 
ing severe penalties for discrimination in the fixing of 
rates for the transportation of freight in anywise injurious 
to the farmers or other people of this State. 

We charge that the Republican party is under the dom- 
ination and control of the corporations and trusts of this 
State, and refer the voters to the numerous acts passed by 
recent Republican Legislatures for the benefit of corpora- 
tions, foreign and domestic, at the expense of the people; 
and to the railroad acts, passed ostensibly in the interests 
of the bni-oughs and villages, but really in the interests of 



1S2 PARTY IM.ATFOKMS. 

the corporations; and also call attention to the silence of 
the platform adopted by the recent Republican convention 
upon all questions in anywise affecting the interests of 
trusts and corporations. 

We declare that the State of New Jersey owes every 
child within its borders an education unsurpassed by any 
other State. AVe demand for our school children amjjle and 
suitable accommodation in every city, town and village, so 
that every child may attend school the whole of every 
school day; the establishment of a thorough kindergarten 
system for the younger children, and a compulsory educa- 
tion law which will require attendance by every healthy 
child of school age. 

We advocate the passage of a State law which will re- 
quire the State Treasurer to become the custodian of the 
Teachers' Retirement Fund, without expense to that fund. 
We congratulate the teachers upon their successful effort 
to care for the members of their profession in old age or 
sickness out of their own fund. 

AVe favor the construction of good roads and of proper 
State aid therefor. 

We declare that the thanks of the people of the State and 
nation are due to the soldiers and sailors of. the army and 
navy of the United States, who have imperiled their lives 
in defense of their country, and in vindication of the honoi 
of its flag in the recent Spanish war; that the nation owes 
to them permanent recognition of their patriotism and 
their valor, and ample and permanent provision for those 
of their survivors w-ho have received disabling and honor- 
able wounds in the service of the country, and that th« 
memories of those who have fallen in its defense shall bt 
held in grateful and everlasting remembrance; that the 
State should make suitable provision for additional pay to 
our New^ Jersey Volunteers. While we rejoice and feel 
thankful to them for their great victories on land and sea. 
we denounce the gross, open, crim-inal incompetency of 
those placed and defiantly kept in charge of the affairs of 
the War Department of the present administration of the 
Government of the United States, resulting in the needless 
loss of thousands of American soldiers' lives, and the 
infliction of horrible suffering and tortures upon thousands 
of the brave defenders of the country's honor; and we 
charge the present administration of the Government of 
the United States with being solely" responsible for the 
horrible results of this incompetency of government offi- 
cials, continued even after the appalling results were re- 
peatedly brought to the attention of the President of th* 



PARTY PLATFORMS. 183 

United States and his official advisers; and we call the 
attention of the people of the State to the fact that up to 
this time not a single example has been ma.de of a govern- 
ment official responsible for these monstrous wrongs. 

We deplore the spectacle of an ex-Governor of this State, 
now a member of that Cabinet, apearing at a public con- 
vention of his party as the apologist and defender of Alger- 
ism and its results. 

We invite and cordially welcome the co-operation and 
support of the honest and patriotic citizens of all parties, 
and the independent press of the State, however differing 
from us in other respects, in support of the principles 
herein declared, and pledge our hearty support to the can- 
didate nominated by this convention, and affirm that he 
will not resign if elected until the pledges herein made are 
fulfilled. 



Tllli; AIM'ROPKJATION I>A\V. 

THE APPROPRIATION LAW, 

(For the Year Knding October 31, 1901.) 



CHAPTKR li)8. 



An Act making appropriations for the support of the state 
government and for several public purposes for the fiscal 
year ending October thirty-first, one thousand nine hun- 
dred and one. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the 
State of New Jersey: 

1. The following sums, or so much thereof as may be 
necessary, be and they are hereby appropriated out of the 
state fund for the respective public officers and for the 
several purposes herein specified, for the fiscal year ending 
on the thirty-first day of October, in the year one thousand 
nine hundred and one, namely: 

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

For the governor, for salary, $10,000; 

For the private secretary of the governor, for salary, 
$2,000; 

For compensation for assistants in the executive depart- 
ment, $2,500; 

For blanks and stationery for the use of the executive 
department, $300; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the executive department, $850. 

OFFICE OF THE COMPTROLLER. 

For the comptroller, for salary, $6,000; 

For the first assistant in the comptroller's office, for 
salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for other clerical service in the comp- 
troller's oflace, $4,000; 

For blanks and stationery foi use in the office of the 
comptroller, $500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the comptroller's office, $800. 

OFFICE OF THE TREASURER. 

For the treasurer, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical services in the office of the 
treasurer, including assistants employed in the manage- 
ment of the sinking fund, $5,900; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 1S5 

For additional compensation for clerical services in the 
office of the treasurer, including assistants employed in the 
management of the sinking fund, $1,000, provided such sum 
shall be authorized by an act of the legislature; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
treasurer, $450; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the treasurer, $650. 

OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE. 

For the secretary of state, for salary, $6,000; 

For the assistant secretary of state, for salary, $3,000; 

For compensation for all clerical services in the office of 
secretary of state, $10,960; 

For additional compensation for all clerical services in 
the office of the secretary of state, $1,290; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of secretary of state, $1,600; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
secretary of state, $4,750; 

For compiling and indexing the election laws, $250. 

ATTORNEY-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the attorney-general, for salary, $7,000; 

For compensation and expenses of assistants employed 
by the attorney-general $7,300; 

For blanks and stationerj' for use in the office of the 
attorney-general, $400; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the attorney-general's department, $700; 

For master's fees for taking affidavits for the attorney- 
general's office, which shall^ include all such service re- 
quired for the year, $100; 

For the contingent fund, to be expended only with the 
approval of the governor and comptroller, for the fees of 
assistant attorneys and counsel in litigations which may 
arise under chapter one hundred and fifty-nine of the laws 
of one thousand eight hundred and eighty-four and chapter 
two hundred and eight of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-eight, in the enforcement of corporate 
taxation, $2,500. 

STATE BOARD OF ASSESSORS. 

For the members of the state board of assessors, for 
salaries, $10,000; 

For secretary of the state board of assessors, for salary, 
.$2,500; 



186 THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
state board of assessors, $4,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
state board of assessors, $500; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the state board of assessors, $750; 

For compensation of local assessors and witnesses, and 
compensation and expenses of surveyors, pursuant to 
chapter one hundred and one of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and eighty-four, $5,000. 

DEPARTMENT OF BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

For the commissioner of banking and insurance, for 
salary, $4,000; 

For the deputy commissioner cf banking and insurance, 
for salary, $2,500; 

For compensation for assistants in the department of 
banking and insurance, $4,780; 

For additional compensation for assistants in the de- 
partment of banking and insurance, $2,320; 

For l)lanks and stationery for use in the department of 
banking and insurance, $1,800; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the department of banking and insurance, $1,500; 

For compensation of building and loan association exam- 
iners, $12,000; 

For actual and necessary traveling and incidental per- 
sonal expenses of building and loan association examiners, 
$7,200; 

For necessary appraisals of real estate and all other inci- 
dental expenses in connection with examinations of build- 
ing and loan associations, $1,500. 

STATE BOARD OF TAXATION. 

For the members of the state board of taxation, for sal- 
aries, $10,000; 

For assistants in the office of the statt. board of taxation, 
$2,970; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
state board of taxation, $150; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of state board of taxation, $.500. 

STATE LIBRARY. 
For the librarian, for salary, $2,000; 

For compensation for assistants in the state library, 
^2,100; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 1S7 

For the repair, preservation and purchase of useful books 
for the state library, $3,000; 

For blanks, stationery, postage, expressage and other 
incidental expenses for the state library, $500. 

STATE TRAVELING LIBRARIES. 

For the board of commissioners of the state library, 
$1,000, pursuant to chapter one hundred and seventy-five 
of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety- 
eight. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

For the state board of health, pursuant to the provisions 
of chapter sixty-eight, laws of one thousand eight hundred 
and eighty-seven, $6,000; 

For compensation to the secretarj- of said board, pursu- 
ant to said chapter, $2,500; 

For expenses to be incurred pursuant to chapter two 
hundred and twenty-five, laws of one thousand eight hun- 
dred and eighty-six, $1,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in office of state board 
of health, $1,200; 

For maintenance of the bacteriological laboratory. $3,000; 

For legal expenses incurred by the state board of health, 
$1,000; 

For postage required in sending to the physicians of this 
state the annual report of the state board of health and of 
the bureau of vital statistics, $225: 

For additional clerical assistance in the office of the state 
board of health, $1,200; 

For additional allowance for clerical assistance in the 
office of the state board of health, $240. 

BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 

For the chief of the bureau of statistics, for salary. $2,500; 

P^or the deputy chief of the bureau of statistics, for sal- 
ary, $1,500; 

For the current expenses of the bureau of statistics, 
$6,000; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
bureau of statistics, $300. 

STATE DAIRY COMMISSIONER. 

For the commissioner, for salary, $2,000; 
For blanks and stationery and for the actual necessary 
< xpenses of the dairy cnmmission<-r in enforcing the laws 



18S THE APPKOl'JilATiON J^A\V. 

relating: to milk, oleomargarine, foods and drugs, and in 
performing- all other duties charged upon him by law, 
$10,000. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the governor, treasurer and comptroller, for the care 
and safe keeping of the state capitol, the property therein 
and adjacent public grounds, and for expenses to be in- 
curred in carrying out the provisions of chapter three hun- 
dred and thirty-nine of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-four, $.55,000; 

For the governor, treasurer and comptroller, to be ex- 
pended for supervising services in carrying out the pro- 
visions of chapter four hundred and thirteen of the laws 
of one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, $500. 

STATE MUSEUM. 

For curator, for salary, $1,500; 

For the commission to acquire new material for the 
museum and for blanks, stationery and other incidental 
expenses, $500. 

GEOLOGICAL SURVEY. 

For salaries and expenses of department of geological 
survey and for the completion of the geological survey of 
this state, pursuant to chapter three hundred of the law^ 
of one thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, $8,000; 

For expenses in connection with the publication of thi 
reports and maps of the geological survey, .$5,000. 

SUPREME COURT. 

For the chief justice and associate justices of the supreme 
court, for salaries, $82,000; 

For the judges of the circuit courts, appointed pursuant 
to chapter seventy-eight, laws of one thousand eight hun- 
dred and ninety-thret, for salaries, $22,.50O; 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms and criers, $1,300; 

For the payment of expenses incurred by the order of the 
supreme court, pursuant to chapter one hundred and fifty- 
nine of the laws of eighteen hundred and ninety-five, $2,000; 

For the revision and publication of the rules of the 
supreme court, $1,000. 

OFFICE OF THE CLERK OF THE SUPREME COURT. 

For the clerk of the supreme court, for salary, $^,000; 
For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
clerk of the supreme court, $15,000; 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 189 

For blanks and stationery for use in tlie office of the 
clerk of the supreme court, $1,250; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the clerk of the supreme court, $1,300. 

COURT OF CHANCERY. 

For the chancellor, for salary, $10,000; 

For the vice-chancellors, for salaries, $4-5,000; 

For compensation of sergeants-at-arms, $3,500; 

For compensation of stenographers, $7,500; 

For compensation and allowance of advisory masters, 
$3,000; 

For rent of rooms in Camden, Jersey City and Newark, 
for the use of chancellor, vice-chancellors and advisory 
masters, $4,500; 

For miscellaneous expenses in connection with such 
rooms, $200. 

OFFICE OF CLERK IN CHANCERY. 

For the clerk in chancery, for salary, $6,000; 

For compensation for clerical service in the office of the 
clerk in chancery, $24,500; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the office of the 
clerk in chancery, $1,800; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the office of the clerk in chancery, $1,400. 

COURT OF ERRORS AND APPEALS. 

For compensation of judges of the court of errors and 
appeals, $10,000; 

For additional allowance for compensation of judges of 
the court of errors and appeals, $3,240; provided, such sum 
shall be authorized by enactment of the legislature; 

For compensation of officers of the court of errors and 
appeals, $525; 

For furnishing printed or typewritten copies of draft 
opinions under the direction of the presiding judge, $500. 

COURT OF PARDONS. 

For per diem allowance and mileage for judges of court 
of pardons, $2,500; 
For compensation of subordinate officers, $300. 

LAW AND EQUITY REPORTS. 

For the publication of the chancery reports, $3,500; 
For the publication of the law reports, $4,000; 



100 THE APPROPRIATION 1>A\\'. 

\<\iv salary of chancery rci)orttr, $.".00; 

For salary of suprem(; court reporter. $."jOO; 

For binding chancery and law reports, $1,200. 

NATIONAL GI'ARD. 

For expenses for division, y)risade and regimental head- 
quarters, $.3,.500; 

For allowances for two gatling-gun companies, $1,.500; 

For allowances to two ca\'alry troops, $2,000; 

For allowances to companies of the national guard, at 
the rate of $500 each, $24,000; 

For hospital and ambulance corps, $1,000; 

For transportation for battalion drills, inspections, 
parades and miscellaneous service, and pay of brigade 
inspectors, $4,000; 

For compensation of officers and employes and expenses 
incurred in connection with rifle range and practice, $10,000; 

For pay of officers and enlisted men and expenses in- 
curred in connection with the annual encampment, $3.5.000; 

For compensation of superintendent and employes and 
for forage, fuel and maintenance of the state camp 
grounds, $7,000; 

For expenses, repairs, water and maintenance of the 
state arsenal, $2,000; 

For expenses of military boards and courts-martial. $500; 

For military expenses incident to the signal and tele- 
graph corps, pursuant to chapter three hundred and sixty- 
nine of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety- 
five, $600; 

For transportation of disabled soldiers to the home at 
Kearny, $.50; 

For maintaining, heating and lighting the armories in 
Jersey City, Camden and Newark, the sum of $4,000 for 
each armory, $12,000; 

For maintaining, heating and lighting the armory in the 
city of Paterson, $1,500; 

For pay and expenses of officer detailed from United 
States army for military instruction to officers and en- 
listed men of the national guard, $600; 

For insuring regimental armories, state military prop- 
erty and buildings at state camp grounds at Sea Girt, 
$3,000; 

For ordnance stores, uniforms, camp and garrison 
equipage, quartermaster's stores, miscellaneous supplies 
and freight and express charges, $12,000. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 191 

NAVAL RESERVE. 

Battalion of the west, for allowance for two divisions, at 
the rate of $500 each. $1,000; 

For battalion headquarters. $;]00: 

For pay of ship-keeper, maintenance and expenses. $4,500; 

Battalion of the east, for allowance for two divisions, at 
the rate of $500 each. $1,000; 

For battalion headquarters. $300; 

For pay of ship-keeper, maintenance and expenses. $0,000. 

ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the adjutant-general, for salary. $1,200; 

For additional salary for the adjutant-general, $1,300; 
provided, such sum shall be authorized by an act of the 
legislature; 

For compensation for clerical service in the adjutant- 
general's office, $4,0Ci0; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the adjutant-gen- 
eral's office, $1,100; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the adjutant-general's office, $500; 

For revised compilation of the roster of officers and men 
of New Jersey in the revolutionary war, $500. 

QUARTERMASTER-GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. 

For the quartermaster-general, for salary, $1,200; 

For additional salary for the quartermaster-general, 
$1,300; provided, such sum shall be authorized by an act 
of the legislature; 

For compensation for assistants in the department of 
the quartermaster-general, $8,700; 

For blanks and stationery for use in the quartermaster- 
general's department, $200; 

For postage, expressage and other incidental expenses 
for the quartermaster-general's department, $250. 

MONMOUTH BATTLE MONUMENT. 
For the commission having in charge the Monmouth 
battle monument and grounds, pursuant to chapter one 
hundred and eighteen of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-six, $500. 

TRENTON BATTLE MONUMENT. 
For the Trenton battle monument association, for the 
purpose of keeping said property in good condition and 
repair, $500. 



102 TTTF. APPRDPIUATION T.AW. 



I'JOxXSlONS. 

For amount required to pay pensions, pursuant to vari- 
ous acts relative thereto, $4,384; 

For traveling- expenses incurred in examining pension 
claims of New Jersey volunteers in the civil war, $500. 

HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 

For support of the New Jersey home for disabled sol- 
diers and for the chaplain thereof, $22,500. 

SOLDIERS' STATE PAY. 

For claims of volunteers in the civil war, for state pay, 
pursuant to chapter thirteen of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and sixty-one, $100. 

WASHINGTON ASSOCIATION OF NEW JERSEY. 

For trustees of the Washington association of New Jer- 
sey, $2,500. 

STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE. 

For the state board of agriculture, $6,000; 

For the state board of agriculture for the purpose of 
carrying out the provisions of an act to prevent the intro- 
duction into and the spread of injurious insects in New 
Jersey, to provide a method for compelling their destruc- 
tion, to create the office of state entomologist, to authorize 
inspection of nurseries and to provide for certificates of 
inspection, $1,000. 

TUBERCULOSIS COMMISSION. 

For expenses and payments by the state tuberculosis 
commission, pursuant to chapter one hundred and forty- 
eight of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and 
ninety-eight, $10,000; 

For expenses and payments by the state tuberculosis 
commission, pursuant to chapter one hundred and eighty- 
one of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety- 
nine, $500. 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION. 

For salaries and expenses of the agricultural experiment 
station, $15,000; 

For printing bulletins of the agricultural experiment 
station, $1,000. 



THE APPROPRTATIOX T.AW. 193 

HOARD OF VISITORS TO THE AGRICU LTl^RAL COL- 
LEGE OF NEW JERSEY. 

For the board of visitors to the agricultural college of 
Ne;\' Jersey, for personal expenses incurred pursuant to 
chapter three hundred and sixty-five of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and seventy-three, $50; 

For advertising pursuant to chapter nine of the laws of 
one thousand eight hundred and seventy-nine, $00. 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

For traveling expenses of managers, $400; 

For expenses in transferring insane convicts. $200; 

For medical examination of insane convicts, $.300. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT TRENTON. 

For maintenance of county patients, $50,000; 

For support and clothing of insane convicts, at the rate 
of $5.00 per week for each insane convict, $8,000; 

For support of indigent patients, at the rate of $3.00 per 
week, and cost of clothing, $6,000; 

For salaries of officers, $12,000; 

For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

STATE HOSPITAL AT MORRIS PLAINS. 

For maintenance of county patients, $50,000; 

For support and clothing of insane convicts, at the rate 
of $5.00 per week for each insane convict, $15,000; 

For support of indigent patients, at the rate of $3.00 per 
week, and cost of clothing, $15,000; 

For salaries of officers, $12,G00; 

For appraisement of personal property, $75. 

COUNTY LUNATIC ASYLUMS. 

For the support of county patients in Essex county 
lunatic asylum. $90,000; 
In the Hudson county lunatic asylum. $60,000; 
In the Camden county lunatic asylum, $20,000; 
In the Burlington county lunatic asylum, $5,200; 
In the Passaic county lunatic asylum, $4,200; 
In the Gloucester county lunatic asylum, $1,500; 
In the Cumberland county lunatic asylum, $12,000; 
In the Salem county lunatic asylum. $1,500; 
In the Atlantic county lunatic asylum, $5,500. 



104 THR ArPUOI'I'JATION LAW. 

STATJ-: IMilSON. 

For maintenance of convicts, $iJO,000; 

For furniture, appliances and repairs of state prison, 
$10,000; 

For the principal keeper, for salary, $3,500; 

For the supervisor, for salary, $3,000; 

For the deputy keepers and employes, for salaries, 
$81,000; 

For additional allowance for salaries of deputy keepers 
and employes, $6,000; 

For the six inspectors, for salaries, $3,000; 

For the keeper, for payments to discharged convicts, 
$3,000; 

For teacher and moral instructor to the convicts in the 
state prison, pursuant to section seven, chapter one hun- 
dred and fifty-five of the laws of one thousand eight hun- 
dred and seventy-six, for salary, $1,000. 

REFORM SCHOOL FOR BOYS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state reform school 
for boys, pursuant to chapter one hundred and ninety-five 
of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and ninety- 
three, $62,000; 

For the trustees of said school, for expenses incurred by 
them in the discharge of their duties, pursuant to chapter 
four hundred and seventy-nine of the laws of one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-five, $250. 



INDCSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state industrial school 
for girls, for the support of and necessary repairs to the 
school, pursuant to chapter eighty-six of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and ninety, $23,000; 

For the trustees and lady managers of said school, for 
expenses incurred in the discharge of their duties, pur- 
suant to chapter four hundred and twenty-eight of the 
laws of one thousand eight hundred and seventy-one, $300; 

For the trustees of the New Jersey state industrial 
school for girls, for the completion of an additional build- 
ing and furnishing the same for the accommodation of the 
inmates of said school, $10,000; provided, such sum shall 
be authorized by an act of the legislature. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 195 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

For the members of the board of arbitration, for salaries, 
$6,000; 

For the secretary of the state board of arbitration, for 
salary, $200; 

For blanks, stationery and other incidentals for use in 
the office of the state board of arbitration, $50. 

BOARD OF FISH AND GAME COMMISSIONERS. 

For the fish and game wardens, including the fish and 
game protector, for compensation, $15,600; 

For expenses of the fish and game wardens and fish and 
game protector, $5,100; 

For the purpose of stocking the waters of the state with 
food-fishes and for defraying the cost of maintaining a 
hatchery and for the protection and propagation of birds 
and game animals within this state, $2,500; 

For expenses of the fish and game commissioners, $800. 

BLIND AND FEEBLE-MINDED. 

For clothing, maintenance, support and Instruction of the 
blind persons, inhabitants of this state, $11,000; 

For clothinig, maintenance, support and instruction of 
the feeble-minded persons, inhabitants of this state, $47,500; 

For maintenance, support and instruction of feeble- 
minded women, $20,000. 

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS. 

For the inspector and six deputy inspectors of factories 
and workshops, for salaries, pursuant to chapter one hun- 
dred and eight, laws of one thousand eight hundred and 
eighty-nine, $8,500; 

For the necessary expenses incurred by the inspector and 
Ills deputies in the discharge of their duties, pursuant to 
said law, $2,000. 

STATE CHARITIES AID ASSOCIATION. 
For expenses of the association, $600. 

STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY. 

To the treasurer of the New Jersey state horticultural 
society, the sum of $400. 



i!i(i thp: appropriation [.aw. 

SINKING FUND ACCOl'NT. 

For the state treasurer for "sinking fund account," for 
payment of interest on war debt falling due January first 
and July first, one thousand nine hundred and one, $4,260; 

For the state treasurer for expenses in foreclosure and 
other necessary legal proceedings relative to sinking funrl 
account, $500. 

ADVERTISING. 

For advertising proclamations issued by the governor, 
notices of the attorney-general in relation to delinquent 
miscellaneous corporations, and notices of the comptroller 
in regard to public printing, et cetera, $2,500. 

PRINTING. 

For printing- and binding public documents, $30,000; 

For compensation of an expert printer for services in 
preparation of specifications for bids, supervision of work, 
examination of bills, and such other duties as may by law 
be imposed upon him, $600; 

For preparing index of session laws, $100; 

For printing and circulation of the laws, $9,000. 

PUBLIC ROADS. 

For public roads, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
forty-three of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and 
ninety-nine, $150,000; 

For the state commissioner of public roads, for salary, 
$1,500; 

For compensation of supervisor for assisting the state 
commissioner of public roads in supervising, construction, 
and perferming such other duties as necessity may require, 
$1,000, provided such sum shall be authorized by an act of 
the legislature; 

For additional salary for the state commissioner of public 
roads, $1,000, provided such sum shall be authorized by an 
act of the legislature; 

For expenses for clerk hire, attorney and consulting 
engineer, fees, stationery and actual traveling expenses, 
$1,500. 

OYSTER COMMISSION. 

To promote the propagation and growth of seed oysters 
and to protect the natural oyster-seed grounds of this 
state, .$10,000, 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 197 

For the preservation of clams, pursuant to chapter three 
hundred and fourteen of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-five, $2,000. 



LEGISLATURE. 

For compensation of senators and members of the general 
assembly. $40,8.33.32; 

For compensation of officers and employes of the legis- 
lature, $.30,150; 

For stationery for use of the legislative session, pursuant 
to chapter two hundred and eight of the laws of one thou- 
sand eight hundred and sixty-eight, $.500; 

For manuals of the legislature of New Jersey, pursuant 
to chapter eighteen of the laws of one thousand eight hun- 
dred and ninety-one. $2,000; 

For indexing the journal of the senate and minutes of the 
executive sessions and the minutes of the house of assem- 
bly, and other incidental and contingent expenses of the 
legislature, $6,700; 

For toilet and other necessary supplies for use at the leg- 
islative session, to be furnished by the state house commis- 
sion, $700. 

COLLATERAL INHERITANCE TAX. 

For surrogates' fees, appraisers' compensation and ex- 
penses, legal and other disbursements, pursuant to chapter 
iwo hundred and ten of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and ninety-four, $10,000. 

INSURANCE. 

For insurance upon state house and consents thereof, 

$3,500. 

REFUNDING TAXES ON EXEMPTED MISCELLANE- 
OUS CORPORATIONS. 

For taxes improperly levied upon exempted corporations 
and to be refunded pursuant to law, $.500. 

WEATHER SERVICE. 

For the continuance of weather stations and preparation, 
printing and distribution of reports, pursuant to chapter 
two hundred and fifty-eight of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and ninety-two, $1,000. 



TFiE APPROI'KIATKjX LAW 



IJODJES THROWN UPON SHORES OF THE STATE RV 
SHIPWRECK. 

For expenses incurred in viewing bodies cast upon shores 
by shipwreck, $100. 

BOARD OF PILOT COMMISSIONERS. 

For expenses incurred by the commissioners, pursuant 
to chapter three hundred and seven of the laws of one 
thousand eight hundred and ninety-five, $1,200. 

AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE FUND. 

To the treasurer of Rutgers college, for interest on 
$48,000, certificate of indebtedness of the State of New Jer- 
sey due January first and July first, one thousand nine 
hundred and one, pursuant to the provisions of chapter 
one hundred and thirty-five of the laws of one thousand 
eight hundred and ninety-six, $2,400. 

PRESERVATION OF RECORDS. 

For the purpose of publishing the early records of this 
State, known as "New Jersey Archives," $.3,500. 

RIPARIAN COMMISSION. 

For salaries of riparian commissioners, $6,000. 
For expenses incurred in the prosecution of the work of 
the commissioners, $6,000. 

OBSTRUCTIONS TO NAVIGATION. 

For expenses incurred in removing any boat, barge or 
scow stranded or sunk in any of the navigable rivers of 
this State, $500. 

MANUAL TRAINING AND INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL AT 
BORDENTOWN. 

For maintenance of the manual training and industrial 
school at Bordentow^n, pursuant to the provisions of chap- 
ter fifty-three of the laws of one thousand eight hundred 
and ninety-seven, $5,000. 

DEAF-MUTES. 

For the trustees of the New Jersey school for deaf-mutes, 
for the teaching, maintenance and clothing of pupils taught 
therein, for purchase and repair of furniture, school appa- 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 199 

ratus and other appliances, for making needed improve- 
ments and repairs in the buildings and grounds, for insur- 
ance thereof, and for maintaining the system of manual 
and industrial education in said school, $43,000. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL. 

For the support of the state normal school, 546.000; 
For necessary repairs to the grounds, buildings and fur- 
niture, and for keeping the same insured. $4,000. 

FREE SCHOOL LIBRARIES. 

For the formation of libraries in the free public schools of 
the state, $5,500. 

FARNUM PREPARATORY SCHOOL. 

For the support of the Farnum preparatory school at 
Beverly, $1.2.W. 

INDUSTRIAL EDL'CATION. 

For payments to schools established for indus rial educa- 
tion, pursuant to chapter one hundred and sixty-four of the 
laws of one thousand eight hundred and eighty-one, $10,000. 

For payments to schools for manual training, pursuant 
to chapter thirty-eight of the laws of one thousand eight 
hundred and eighty-eight, $33,000: 

For payments to schools established for industrial educa- 
tion, pursuant to chapt<^r one hundred and fourteen of the 
laws of one thousand eight hundred and eighty-eight, 
$3,000. 

SUPERINTENDENT OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION. 

For salary of state superintendent of public instruction, 
$3,000; 

For clerical services in office of state superintendent of 
public instruction, $5,000; 

For stationery and blanks, $2,000; 

For necessary incidental expenses incurred by ihe state 
superintendent of public instruction in the performance of 
his official duties and for supervision of manual training, 
$2.(>00. 

SCHOOL FUND EXPENSES. 

For necessary legal and other expenses incurred by or 
under the direction of the trustees for the support of public 
schools in the investment and protection of the school fund, 
ar.d in the collection of the income thereof, $4,000. 



2UC Till*: Al'I'liOl'JllA'noN LAW. 

STATK HOARD OF KDrCATION. 

For necessary expenses of the state board of educaticjn, 
$2.r,0U; 

For procuring plans for school-houses, $500; 

For supervising plans of new school-houses by state 
board of education, $1,000. 

TEACHERS' INSTITUTES. 

For expenses of teachers' institutes, $;],000. 

TEACHERS' LIBRARIES. 

For the establishment of libraries for use of teachers, 
$300. 

SCHOOL CENSUS. 

For the person appointed by the state board of education 
to have charge of the details of taking the school census, 

$1,500. 

EMERGENCY. 

For the governor, to enable him to meet any emergency 
requiring the expenditure of money not otherwise appro- 
priated, the sum of $10,000, said sum, or any part thereof, 
to be paid by the treasurer on the warrant of the comptrol- 
ler upon accounts approved by the governor. 

NEWARK ARMORY. 

For the purpose of erecting an armory in the city of New- 
ark, pursuant to chapter sixty-two of the laws of one thou- 
sand eight hundred and ninety-seven, $50,000. 

ELECTORAL COLLEGE AND BOARD OF STATE CAN- 
VASSERS. 

For per diem allowance and mileage for members of the 
electoral college, board of state canvassers and incidental 
expenses connected therewith, $500. 

STATE SEWERAGE COMMISSION. 

For salaries of commissioners, $7,500; 

For salary of secretary, $750; 

For rent and necessary expenses of the commissioners, 
$2,500; i)rovi(led. said exjienses are approved by the gov- 
ernor. 



THE APPROPRIATION LAW. 201 

NEW JERSEY HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 
SAILORS, MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

For salaries and expenses. $7,500. 

STATE OYSTER COMMISSION. 

For the better regulation and control of the taking, plant- 
ing and cultivating of oysters on lands lying under the tidal 
waters of the Delaware bay and Maurice river cove, in the 
state of New Jersey, pursuant to chapter one hundred and 
ninety-four of the laws of one thousand eight hundred and 
ninety-nine, $13,323. 

VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

For salaries, maintenance and repairs. $10,000; 
For the completion of two brick cottages, $15,000; 
For furniture, fixtures, lighting and heating, $4,000; 
For water supply, sewerage and survey, $2,000. 

PALISADES. 

For expenses incurred by the commissioners of the pali- 
sades interstate park, while in the discharge of their duties. 
$2,500; provided, such sum shall be authorized by enactment 
of the legislatvire. said expenses to be approved by the 
governor. 

STATE BOARD OF CHILDREN'S GUARDIANS. 

To the state board of children's guardians for expenses 
pursuant to chapter one hundred and sixty-five of the laws 
of one thousand eight hundred and ninety-nine, $2,000. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 

For the governor, treasurer and comptroller, constituting 
the state house commission, to make such alterations and 
additions to the present capital as they may deem neces- 
sary to furnish proper accommodations for the use of the 
state departments, $.50,000; provided, such sum shall be 
authorized by enactment of the legislature. 

2. The following sum is hereby appropriated out of the 
income of the school fund for the purpose specified for the 
fiscal year ending on the thirty-first day of October, in the 
year one thousand nine hundred and one: 



:i02 THE APPKCJl'RIATION J.AW. 

FREE Pl'PJJC SC'FKXM.S. 

F(jr the sui)i)()rt (if free iiublic schools. $2(l0.0(j(). 

There shall be. ijaid f)-om the income of the scho(jl fuiui 
such sums required to ])ay premiums and accrued interest 
on bonds purchased by the trustees for the support of pub- 
lic schools. 

3. No money shall be drawn from the treasury except for 
objects as herein above specifically appropriated, and ex- 
cept such sums which are by law devoted to specific pur- 
poses, namely, state school tax, United Slates appropria- 
tion to agricultural college, United States appropriation 
for disabled soldiers, as'iicultural college fund and taxes 
for the use of taxing- districts in this state, and loans to 
"state school fund," which last-named sums shall be paid 
pursuant to the laws applicable theretof. 

4. This act shall take effect on the first day of November, 
one thousand nine hundred. 

Approved March 23, 1900. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 203 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 



The following is a list of the titles of newspapers pub- 
lished in the State of New Jersey; town and county where 
published: time of publication; political or special charac- 
ter, and names of editors and publishers: 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

DER PILOT (German).— Egg Harbor City. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. H. Mass & Co., "publishers. 
H. Mass. editor. 

DER BEOBACHTER (German).— Egg Harbor City. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. Wilhelm Mueller, publisher. 

DEUTSCHER HEROLD (German).— Egg Harbor City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. George F. Breder. 

ATLANTIC STAR GAZETTE.— Atlantic City. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Ernest Beyer, proprietor. 

SOUTH JERSEY' REPUBLICAN.— Hammonton Weekly, 
on Saturday. Republican. Hoyt & Son, publishers. 

ATLANTIC JOURNAL.— Hammonton. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. Nelson W. Cavna. manager. 

ATLANTIC REVIEW.— Atlantic City. Daily, every morn- 
ing except Sunday, and Weekly on Saturday. Repub- 
lican. J. G. Shreve, editor and proprietor. 

ATLANTIC TIMES-DEMOCRAT.— Atlantic City. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. Daily Union Printing Co. 
J. F. Hall, editor and manager. 

ATLANTIC CITY DAILY PRESS.— Atlaniic City. Daily, 
every morning, except Sunday. Republican. Walter 
E. Edge, publisher and proprietor. 

MAYS LANDING RECORD.— Mays Landing. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. E. C. Shaner, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

DAILY UNION.— Atlantic City. Every afternoon, except 
Sunday, at the office of the Atlantic Times-Democrat. 
Democratic. Dailj- Union Printing Co. J. F. Hall, 
editor and manager. 

SUNDAY GAZETTS.-Atlantic City. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Republican. William McLaughlin, editor and propri- 
etor. 

SUNDAY' JOURNAL.— Atlantic City. Democratic. Fred 
C. Muller, editor. 



204 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

WEEKLY PRESS.— Pleasantville. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Hugh (Jollins. proprietor. 

FREfE PRESSE (German).— Atlantic City. Weekly, on 
Friday. Carl Voelker, publisher. 

BERGEN COUNTY. 

BERGEN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Hackensack. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Henry D. Winton, editor. 
Bergen County Democrat Publishing Co., publisher. 

THE HACKENSACK REPUBLICAN.- H ackensack. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. Kugh M. Herrick, 
editor and publisher. 

THE BERGEN INDEX.— Hackensack. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. S. E. Clapp. 

THE RECORD.— Hackensack. Evening. J. A. Romeyn, 
managing editor. 

CARLSTADT FREIE PRESSE (German). — Carlstadt. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 

THE CARLSTADT NEWS.-Carlstadt. Weekly. Goff & 
Hollenstein, proprietors. 

THE ENGLEWOOD TIMES.— Englewood. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. 

THE ENG1.EWOOD PRESS.— Englewood. AVeekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Joseph H. Tillotson. editor and 
proprietor. 

BERGEN COUNTY HERALD.— Hackensack. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Addison Ely, editor and propri- 
etor. 

RUTHERFORD NEWS.- Rutherford. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. Bergen County Herald Publishing 
Co., publisher. 

RECORD.— Tenafly. Weekly, on Thursday. Jno. P. Pratt, 
editor. 

THE NEWS.— Ridgewood. Weekly, on Friday. Baxter 
& Babcock, publishers. 

THE PARK RIDGE LOCAL.— Park Ridge. Published 
weekly, on Wednesday. James B. H. Storms and John 
C. Storms, editors and proprietors. 

RUTHERFORD AMERICAN.— Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. John E. Tyler, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BERGEN COUNTY ADVERTISER.-Ridgefield Park. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. W. J. Morrison, 
editor and publisher. 

THE ENTERPRISE.— East Rutherford. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. The Petrie Press, publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 205 

THE SENTINEL.— Fort Lee. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. J. N. Race, publisher. 

THE NEWS-LETTER.— Hasbrouck Heights. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Alonzo Chamberlain, editor and publisher. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY MIRROR.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. Charles H. Folwell, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE MOUNT HOLLY HERALD.— Mount Holly. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. William B. Wills, editor. 

NEWS.— Mount Holly. Weekly, on Tuesday. Republican. 
H. L. AValters, George W. Hand and Joseph C. Kingdon, 
publishers. J. C. Kingdon, editor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Mount Holly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Burlington County 
Publishing Co. 

BURLINGTON GAZETTE.— Burlington. Daily and weekly. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Daily, in the afternoon. Demo- 
cratic. James O. Glasgow, editor and proprietor. 

THE NEW JERSEY ENTERPRISE. -Burlington. Daily, 
in the afternoon, and weekly, on Saturday. Republi- 
can. Enterprise Publishing Co., proprietors. 

BORDENTOWN REGISTER.— Bordentown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. James D. Flynn, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BEVERLY BANNER.— Beverly. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. L. W. Perkins, editor and proprietor. 

MOORESTOWN CHRONICLE.— Moorestown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. W. J. Lovell, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

BURLINGTON COUNTY PRESS.— Riverside. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Independent. Hiram D. Torrie & Bro., 
editors and proprietors. 

THE REPUBLICAN.— Moorestown. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Charles Laessle, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE NEW ERA.— Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Riverton and Palmyra. Walter L. Bowen, publisher. 
J. D. Janney, M.D., editor. 

THE WEEKLY NEWS.— Palmyra. AVeekly. on Saturday. 
Independent. C. F. Sleeper, editor and proprietor. 

THE CENTRAL RECORD.— Marlton. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Heister Clymer, editor. 



206 XKW .ii-:iisi-:v ni-:\\'SI'ai'ERS. 

CAMDKN C'OKNTY. 

WEST JEHSP:]Y press.— CamOen. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Sons, publishers and 
proprietors. 

THE CAMDEN DEMOCRAT.— Camden. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. C. S. Magrath, editor and pro- 
prietoi-. 

CAMDEN POST-TELEGRAM.-Camden. Daily, in the 
afternoon. Republican. Post-Telegram Co., proprie- 
tors. Upton S. Jefferys, editor. F. F. Patterson, Jr., 
manager. 

THE COURIER.— Camden. Daily, in the afternoon. Re- 
publican. Courier Publishing Association, proprietors. 

CAMDEN REVIEW.— Camden. Daily. Democratic. Harry 
B. Paul, publisher. 

NEW JERSEY GAZETTE.— Camden. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. A. C. Graw, editor and publisher, 

ATLANTIC COAST GUIDE.— Camden. W^eekly, on Sat- 
urday. T. F. Rose, editor and proprietor. 

CAMDEN COUNTY JOURNAL (German).— Camden. 
Weekly, on Friday. Louis Hoeller, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

ECHO.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. Religious. A. A. 
Holt, editor and proprietor. 

ADVERTISER.— Gloucester City. WeeKiy, on Saturday. 
Democratic. William D. Jenkins, editor and publisher. 

HERALD AND TIMES.— Atco. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. M. J. Skinner, editor and publisher. 

THE TRIBUNE.— Haddonfield. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. W. G. Taylor, editor and publisher. 

STOCKTON TIMES.— Camden. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Charles Miller, editor and proprietor. 

THE INDEPENDENT EAGLE.— Camden. W^eekly. on 
Saturday. S. W. Wheeler, editor and publisher. 

NEW JERSEY SAND-BURR.-Camden. Weekly, on 
Thursday. George Carpenter Connor, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

STAR OF THE CAPE.-Cape May City. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday, during the whole year, and Daily during July 
and August. Republican. Star of the Cape Publishing 
Co., proprietors. Aaron W. Hand, editor. 

CAPE MAY WAVE.— Cape May City. AVeekly, on Satur- 
day, during the whole year, and Daily during July and 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. liOT 

Augu.-^t. Democratic. Richard B. Gilpin Gardner, edi- 
toi-. James H. Edmunds, publisher. 

(\\PE MAY COUNTY GAZETTE.— Cape May Court 
House. Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. Alfred 
Cooper, editor. 

SENTINEL.— Ocean City. Weekly, on Thursday. Repub- 
lican. R. Curtis Robinson, editor and proprietor. 

CAPE MAY^ COUNTY TIMES.— Sea Isle City. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. T. E. Ludlam, editor and 
proprietor. 

inVE MILE BEACH JOURNAL.— Wildwood. Independ- 
ent. Weekly, on Thursday. Jed Dubois, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN CITY" LEDGER.— Weekly, on Saturday. Prohibi- 
tion. Ocean City Ledger Publishing Co., proprietors. 
Rev. W. K. Fisher, editor. C. Burtnett, business 
manager. 

FIVE MILE BEACH SUN.— Wildwood. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. T. C. Hamilton. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 

BRIDGETON CHRONICLE.— Bridgeton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Chronicle Printing Co., pub- 
lishers. 

DAILY" CHRONICLE.— Bridgeton. Democratic. John B. 
Clevenstine, editor. The Chronicle Printing Co., pub- 
lishers. 

BRIDGETON PIONEER.— Bridgeton. Daily and Weekly. 
W"eekly, on Thursday. Republican. George W. Mc- 
Cowan, editor and publisher. 

NEW JERSEY" PATRIOT.- Bridgeton. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. John Cheeseman & Sons, editors 
and publishers. 

ISRIDGETON EVENING NEWS.-Bridgeton. Republican. 
Evening News Company, publishers. J. W. Richardson, 
editor and manager. 

DOLLAR WEEKLY NEWS.— Bridgeton. Independent. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Evening News Company, pub- 
lishers. 

WEEKLY INDEPENDENT.— Vineland. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Populist. J. J. Streeter. editor and publisher. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.— Vineland. Afternoon. Dem- 
ocratic. B. Franklin Ladd, editor. 

MILLVILLE REPUBLICAN.— Millville. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Republican. A. H. Townsend, managing editor 
and publisher. 



208 NRW JKRSF.Y NI':\\SPA J'KRS. 

MILI.VJIJJO UEl'OKTEK. — Daily. Fi. publican. A. H. 
Town.send, editor and publishci-. 

MII.LVILLE TRANSCRIPT.— Mill ville. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Independent. Transcript Company, publishers. 

THE VINELAND NEWS.— Vineland. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. Edward Miller, editor and pro- 
proprietor. 

EVERY SATURDAY AND REPUBLICAN.— Vineland. 
Weekly. Republican. Charles F. Graff, publisher. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

NEWARY" DAILY^ ADVERTISER.— Newark. Afternoon. 
Independent. Advertiser Publishing Co., proprietors. 
Matthias C. Ely, managingr editor. Redmond P. Ker- 
nan, business manager. 

NEWARK EVENING NEWS.— Newark. Afternoon. In- 
dependent. Evening News Publishing Co. Wallace M. 
Scudder, business manager. Walter Hoff Seely. manag- 
ing editor. 

NEW JERSEY FREIE ZElTUNG ((German).- Newark. 
Daily, also Sunday edition. Republican. Mrs. B. Prieth, 
proprietress. Frederick Kuhn. editor. Benedict Prieth, 
business manager. 

SUNDAY CALL.— Newark. Weekly, on Sunday. Inde- 
pendent. The Newark Printing and Publishing Co., 
publishers. G. Wismer Thorne, president and treasurer; 
C. G. VanGorden, secretary; William T. Hunt, G. Wis- 
mer Thorne and Louis Hannock, directors. William T. 
Hunt, editor. 

SENTINEL OF FREEDOM.— Newark. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. Published at the Daily Advertiser Office. 

DER ERZAHLER (German).— Newark. Sunday edition 
of New Jersey Freie Zeitung. Weekly, on Sunday. Re- 
publican. Published at the New Jersey Freie Zeitung 
Office. 

NEWARK PIONEER (German).— Newark. Weekly. In- 
dependent. F. E. Adler & Co., publishers. 

TOWN TALK.- Newark. Weekly, on Saturday. Illus- 
trated Politico-social. T. E. Burke ana Herman E. L. 
Beyer, editors and publishers. 

NEW JERSEY' TRADE REVIEW.— Newark. Semi- 
monthly. Commercial. Paul V. Flynn. editor and pub- 
lisher. 

RAILROAD EMPLOY'EE.— Newark. Monthly. B. E. 
Chapin. editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 209 

THE NEWARK LEDGER.— Newark. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Democratic. M. J. O'Connor, proprietor. 

LA MONTAGNA (THE MOUNTAIN) (Italian).— Repub- 
lican. Newark. W^eekly, on Saturday. F. A. Fiore, 
editor. 

LASSERVATORE (Italian).— Newark. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Democratic. Subscription, $1. John Ponzini & 
Co., publishers. 

THE ORANGE CHRONICLE.— Orange. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. Frank W. Baldwin, editor. 
Orange Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE ORANGE JOURNAL.— Orange. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. Edgar Williams, editor. Orange 
Journal Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE ORANGE ADVERTISER.- Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. F. C. Shann, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ORANGE VOLKSBOTE (German).— Orange. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. Ernest Temme, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ORANGE SONNTAGSBLATT (German).— Orange. Week- 
ly, on Saturday. John Range, editor. Ferdinand Koeh- 
ler, proprietor and publisher. 

LA COMETA (Italian).— Orange. Weekly, on Sunday. In- 
dependent. Subscription, $1. R. Gori, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

EAST ORANGE GAZETTE.— East Orange. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. East Orange Gazette Publish- 
ing Co., proprietors. 

SOUTH ORANGE BULLETIN.-South Orange. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. Edgar Williams, editor. 

THE BLOOMFIELD CITIZEN.— Bloomfield. Weekly,* on 
Friday. Republican. William A. Ritscher, Ji\, editor 
and proprietor. 

MONTCLAIR TIMES.— Weekly, on Saturday. Republican. 
A. C. Studer, editor and publisher. 

THE MONTCLAIR HERALD.— Montclair. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Francis Leon Chrisman, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

ITEM.— Short Hills. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Gibbs & Wright, editors and publishers. 

THE CALDWELL NEWS.- Caldwell. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. C. M. Harrison, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

NEWS.— Irvington. Weekly, on Saturday. Independent. 
Subscription, $1. Irvington News Publishing Co., edi- 
tors and publishers. 
14 



210 NKW JIORSKY NEWSPAPERS. 

ESSEX COUNTY' NEWS.— Nutley. VVt-ekly, on Thursday. 

Subscription, 25 cents. p::stablished 1892. Parker Norton. 

editor. Essex County News Publishing Co., publishers. 
SUN.— Nutley. Weekly, on Friday. Subscription, $1. Es- 

tamished 1895. William Taylor, editor and publisher. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

THE CONSTITUTION.— Woodbury. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Nelson W. Sparks, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Woodbury. 
Weekly, on Thursday. Democratic. J. D. Carpenter, 
editor and publisher. 

WEEKLY ITEM.— Newfield. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. A. C. Dalton, editor and publisher. 

ENTERPRISE.— Glassboro. Weekly, on Saturday. Re- 
publican. A. M. Seabrook, editor and publisher. 

SWEDESBORO NEWS.— Swedesboro. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Independent. George W. Pither, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

PAULSBORO PRESS.— Paulsboro. Weekly, on Friday. 
Independent. E. L. Leonard, editor and publisher. 

WOODBURY DAILY TIMES.— Woodbury. Daily, except 
Sunday. Independent. Hawn & Wilson, for Times Pub- 
lishing Co., editors and publishers. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 

THE EVENING JOURNAL.— Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Republican. Evening Journal Association, proprietors. 
Elbert Rappleye, editor. Joseph A. Dear, business man- 
ager. 

JERSEY CITY' HERALD AND GAZETTE.— Jersey City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. Jersey City Herald 
Publishing Company, proprietors. Robert Langdon 
McDermott, editor. 

JERSEY' CITY DEMOCRAT.— Jersey City. Weekly. Dem- 
ocratic. Robert Davis, proprietor. 

THE CHRONICLE.— Jersey City. WeeKiy, on Wednes- 
day. Chronicle Publishing Co., publishers. 

THE JERSEY' CITY' NEWS.— Jersey City. Afternoon. 
Democratic. James Luby, editor. The City Publishing 
Company, publishers. 

THE MIRROR.— Jersey City. AVeekly. Independent. 
Abraham Lincoln Graham, editor. 

PALISADE ADVERTISER AND EAGLE.- Jersey City. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Neutral. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 211 

THE OBSERVER.— Hobokon. Afternoon. Democratic. 
Hoboken Printing and Publishing- Company, publishers. 
Thomas McKeon, editor. 
THE REPUBLICAN.— Hoboken. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. The Hoboken Printing and Publishing 
Company, proprietors. John R. Havens and John 
Breen, editors. 
WACHT AM HUDSON (German).— Hoboken. Afternoon. 
H. E. Schneider & Co., publishers antt editors. 

[They also publish the BELLES-LETTRES JOUR- 
NAL, NEWS FROM GERMANY, SAXON JOURNAL 
and NEW PRUSSIAN GAZETTE, and RUNDSCHAU, 
weekly German journals.] 
LIGHT.— Hoboken. Evangelical. Monthly. Rev. Henry 
T. Beatty, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, 
editor. 
BAYONNE HERALD.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Saturday. 

Democratic. H. C. Page, editor and publisher. 
BAYONNE STANDARD (formerly BUDGET).— Bayonne. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. J. T. R. Proctor, 
editor and proprietor. 
BAYONNE TIMES.— Bayonne. W^eekly, on Thursday. 
Republican. Charles H. Hosford, editor. Bayonne Ptg. 
and Pub. Co., publishers. 
BAYONNE DEMOCRAT.— Bayonne. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Michael R. Freel, editor and pro- 
prietor. 
HUDSON COUNTY DISPATCH.— Union Hill. Weekly. 

Democratic. 
KEARNY RECORD.— Harrison. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Democratic. Philip A. McAA'iney, editor and proprietor. 
KEARNY OBSERVER.— Arlington. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. J. E. Beckwith, editor and proprietor. 
WEST HUDSON PRESS.— Kearny. Formerly the KEAR- 
NY REPUBLICAN. Weekly, on Saturday. Independ- 
ent. L. E. Travis, editor. Kearny Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors. 
SATURDAY POST.— Union Hill. Weekly. Independent. 

John T. O'Brien, editor. 
HUDSON COUNTY REVUE (German).— Union Hill. Dem- 
ocratic. Weekly. Michel & Rank, publishers. 
THE REPORTER.— West Hoboken. Weekly. Democratic. 

Benjamin E. Reynolds, editor. 
NORTHHUDSON WORLD.- Union Hill. AVeekly. Demo- 
cratic. J. W. Block, editor. 



212 NEW JEIiSlOY NJnVSl'Al'KUS. 

>£UNTERDON CUlJNTV. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY DEMOCRAT. — Flemington. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. A. Killgore, editor 
and manager. 

DEMOCRAT-ADVERTISER.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. H. M. Voorhees, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

HUNTERDON REPUBLICAN.— Flemington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. William G. Callis, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BEACON.— Lambertville. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. Phineas K. Hazen, editor and publisher. 

THE LAMBERTVILLE RECORD.— Lambertville. Week- 
ly, on Wednesday. Republican. Clark Pierson, editor 
and publisher. 

DEMOCRATIC WAGE-WORKER.— Lambertville. Weekly. 
John Kearns, publisher. 

T.LXE CLINTON DEMOCRAT.— Clinton. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. J. and W. H. Carpenter, edi- 
tors and publishers. 

HUNTERDON INDEPENDENT.— Frenchtown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Independent. John R. Hardon, editor ana 
publisher. 

THE STAR.— Frenchtown. Weekly, on Wednesdaj-. Inde- 
pendent. William H. Sipes, editor and publisher. 

MILFORD LEADER.— Milford. Weekly, on Thursday. In- 
dependent. W. H. Farrand, proprietor. 

THE AVALANCHE.— Glen Gardner. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. E. W. Rush, editor and publisher. 

THE HUNTERDON GAZETTE.— High Bridge. Weekly. 
Republican. High Bridge Publishing Co., proprietors. 

WEEKLY REVIEW.— White House Station. George W. 
Shampanore, publisher. 

THE STOCKTON ADVANCE.— Stockton. Weekly. T. G. 
Kitchen, publisher. 

THE MILFORD REPORTER.— Milford. Weekly. W. E. 
Tomson, publisher. 

MERCER COUNTY. 

STATE GAZETTE.— Trenton. Daily and Weekly. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Republican. The John L. Murphy Pub- 
lishing Co., proprietors. Thomas Holmes, editor. 

TRUE AMERICAN.— Trenton. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Joseph L. Naar, edi- 
tor and proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 213 

THE TRENTON EVENING TIMES. Trenton. Afternoon 
and Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent Re- 
publican. Trenton Times Co., publishers. 

THE NEW JERSEY STAATS JOURNAL, (German). - 
Trenton. Semi-weekly. Republican. Ernest C. Stahl, 
editor and proprietor. 

SUNDAY ADVERTISER.— Trenton. Weekly, on Sunday. 
Independent. Advertiser Publishing Co., editors and 
proprietors. 

AMERICAN POTTERS' JOURNAL.— Trenton. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Labor. John D. McCormick, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE TRENTON COURIER.— Trenton. Weekly, on Sun- 
day. Independent Democrat. John Briest, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE TRENTON DEUTSCHE ZEITUNG (German).— 
Trenton. Weekly. Republican. Otto Erdlen, editor 
and publisher. 

HIGHTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hightstown. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Thomas B. Appleget, pub- 
lisher. Fred. B. Appleget, editor. 

HIGHTSTOWN INDEPENDENT.— Hightstown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Independent. R. M. J. Smith, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE ENTERPRISE.— Hightstown. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Richard D. Norton, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

PRINCETON PRESS.— Princeton. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Republican. C. S. Robinson & Co., editors and pub- 
lishers. 

THE DAILY PRINCETONIAN.— Princeton. Published 
daily, except Sundays, during the college year. Devoted 
to the interests of Princeton University. Edited by stu- 
dents. 

THE SIGNAL.— Princeton. Weekly. Democratic. Her- 
bert E. Shaffer, editor and publisher. 

THE HOPEWELL HERALD.— HopeweJl. Weekly, on 
Tuesday. Independent. C. E. Voorhees, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

THE HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Every afternoon, 
except Sunday. Independent. Hugh Boyd, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE WEEKLY HOME NEWS.— New Brunswick. Pub- 
lished every Thursday afternoon. Independent. Arthur 
H. Boyd, editor. 



214 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

DAILY PRESS.-New Brunswick. Afternoon. Republi- 
can. New Brunswick Publishing Co. William Cloko, 
editor. 

THE TIMES.— New Brunswick. Afternoon and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Thur.sday. Democratic. The Times Pub- 
lishing Co., publishers. F. W. Daire, editor, 

THE CHRONICLE.— Perth Amboy. Daily. Perth Amboy 
Publishing- Co., publishers. James S. Wight, editor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Perth Amboy. 
Weekly, on Saturday. Democratic. St. George Kemp- 
son, editor and proprietor. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY HERALD.— Perth Amboy. Every 
evening, except Sunday. Independent. St. George 
Kempson, publisher. A. E. Daniel, editor. 

THE REPUBLICAN.— Perth Amboy. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. American Publishing Co. (C. W. Boynton, 
president), publishers. Miss Louise Boynton, editor. 

PERTH AMBOY CITIZEN.— Perth Amboy. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Democratic. William P. O'Hara, editor. 

THE INDEPENDENT HOUR.— Woodbridge. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Peter K. Edgar, editor and 
publisher. 

WEEKLY REGISTER.— Woodbridge. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. R. D. Uhler, editor. H. B. RoUinson, 
publisher. 

THE NEWS.— Woodbridge. Weekly. Fred Tyrrell, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE RECORDER.— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent Republican. C. A. Prickitt, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE INQUIRER.— Metuchen. Weekly, on Saturday. Dem- 
ocratic, St. George Kempson, publisher. 

THE RECORD.— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. E. S. Hammell, editor and publisher. 

THE ADVANCE.— Jamesburg. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Printed and published by the New Jersey State Reform 
School. 

THE CITIZEN.— South Amboy. AVeekly, on Saturday. In- 
dependent. M. Roll, editor and publisher. 

THE PRESS.— Cranbury. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. George W". Burroughs, editor and proprietor. 

THE DUNELLEN WEEKLY CALL.— Dunellen. Weekly, 
on Thursday. George W. Day, proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 215 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

THE MONMOUTH INQUIRER.— Freehold. Weekly, on 
Thur.sday. Republican. Maxey Applegate, editor and 
publisher. 

MONMOUTH DEMOCRAT.- Freehold. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Joseph A. Yard, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE TRANSCRIPT.— Freehold. Weekly, on Friday. Dem- 
ocratic. Moreau Bros. (Alex. L. Moreau), publishers 
and proprietors. 

NEW JERSEY STANDARD.— Red Bank. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. Longstreet & Hawkins, publishers. 

RED BANK REGISTER.— Red Bank. TYeekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. John H. Cook, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT ENTERPRISE.— Keyport. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. Fred F. Armstrong, editor and proprietor. 

KEYPORT WEEKLY.— Keyport. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. E. D. Pettj-s, editor and proprietor. 

THE LONG BRANCH RECORD.— Long Branch. Weekly, 
on Saturuay. Independent. F. M. Taylor, Jr., editor. 

LONG BRANCH TIMES-NEWS.— Long Branch. Weekly, 
on Friday. Republican. Holmes A. Wheeler, publisher. 

CITY JOURNAL.— Long Branch City. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. D. H. Van Brunt, publisher. 

THE MATAWAN JOURNAL.— Matawan. Weekly, on 
Saturday. Republican. Benjamin F. S. Brown, editor 
and proprietor. 

THE JOURNAL.— Asbury Park. Daily and Weekly. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. 

THE SHORE PRESS.— Asbury Park. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. J. L. Kinmouth. publisher and pro- 
prietor. 

THE DAILY PRESS.— Asbury Park. Daily. J. L. Kin- 
mouth, publisher and proprietor. 

THE DAILY SPRAY.— Asbury Park. Afternoon, June, 
July and August. Howard D. Le Roy. publisher and 
proprietor. 

THE HOME COURIER.— Asbury Park. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Independent. Arthur H. Opdyke, publisher 
and proprietor. 

OCEAN GROVE TIMES.— Ocean Grove. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Republican. William H. Beegle, publisher. 

OCEAN GROVE RECORD.— Ocean Grove. T\'eekly, on 
Saturday. Methodist. William H. Beegle, publisher. 



2J(J NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE ADVERTISER.-Eatontown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Democratic. William T. Cole, editor, publisher and 
proprietor. 

THE COAST STAR DEMOCRAT.— Manasquan. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Democratic. W, E. Hoskins, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE HERALD.— Manasquan. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. James H. Craig, editor and publisher. 

MANASQUAN NEWS.— Manasquan. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Independent. Theo. F. Hults, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE COAST ECHO.— Belmar. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Conrad Pinches, editor and publisher. 

THE JOURNAL.— Atlantic Highlands. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. A. C. Hart, editor and proprietor. 

SEASIDE GAZETTE.— Spring Lake Beach. W^eekly, on 
Fridaj'. Republican. Seaside Publishing Co., pub- 
lishers. E. S. V. Stultz, manager. 

MONMOUTH PRESS.— Atlantic Highlands. Republican. 
Weekly, on Saturday. William J. Leonard, editor. 

SEA BRIGHT SENTINEL.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on 
Thursday (May to September). Independent. Sentinel 
Co., publishers. 

SEA BRIGHT NEWS.— Sea Bright. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. Sea Bright Publishing Co. 



MORRIS COUNTY. 

THE JERSEYMAN.— Morristown. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Pierson & Surdam, proprietors. I. R. 
Pierson, editor. 

TRUE DEMOCRATIC BANNER.— Morristown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. Vogt Brothers, editors and 
proprietors. 

THE MORRIS COUNTY CHRONICLE.— Morristown. 
Weekly, on Friday. Republican. J. Frank Lindsley, 
editor and proprietor. 

THE EXPRESS.— Morristown. Democratic. Saturday. 
Abraham L. Adams, editor and proprietor. 

THE IRON ERA.— Dover. Weekly, on Friday. Republi- 
can. Dover Printing Co., editors and publishers. 

DOVER INDEX.— Dover. W^eekly, on i^'riday. Demo- 
cratic. Hummell & Tillyer, proprietors. Frank F. 
Hummell, editor. 

THE BULLETIN.— Boonton. Weekly, on Thursday. Re- 
publican. Samiiel L. Garrison, editor and publisher. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 217 

THE TIMES.-Boonton. Weeklj', on Thursday. Inde- 
pendent. Charles H. Grubb, editor and proprietor. 

THE EAGLE.— Madison. Weekly, on Friday. Independ- 
ent. Eagle Printing Co. William D. Greer, editor and 
manager. 

THE RECORD.— Rockaway. Weekly, on Friday. Inde- 
pendent. W. Burd, Jr., editor and publisher. 

THE STANHOPE EAGLE.— Netcong. Independent. 
Weekly, on Wednesday, George T. Keech, editor and 
proprietor. 

CHATHAM PRESS.— Chatham. Weekly, on Saturday. 
Independent. J. Thomas Scott, editor and proprietor. 

THE CHURCH AND HOME.— Rockaway. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Religious. Rev. William Stout, editor. 

THE ARGUS.— Butler. Weekly, on Friday. Independent. 
Coe Finch, editor. 

THE DAILY RECORD.— Morristown. Independent. E. H. 
Tomlinson, proprietor. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

NEW JERSEY COURIER.— Toms River. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. W. H. Fischer, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

OCEAN COUNTY DEMOCRAT.— Toms River. W^eekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Charles S. Haslett, editor and 
publisher. 

TIMES AND JOURNAL.— Lakewood. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. George D. Roe, editor and publisher. 

THE BEACON.— Point Pleasant. Weekly, on Saturday. 
D. C. Leaw, editor and proprietor. 

THE TUCKERTON BEACON.— Tuckerton. Weekly. Ben- 
jamin H. Crosby, editor and publisher. 

LAKEWOOD CITIZEN.— Lakewood. Weekly, on Friday. 
Harry T. Hagaman, editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

PATERSON GUARDIAN.— Paterson. Afternoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Friday. Democratic. Guardian 
Printing and Publishing Co., publishers and proprie- 
tors. Albert C. Stevens, editor. 

THE PATERSON PRESS.— Paterson. Afternoon and 
Weekly. Weekly, on Thursday. Republican. The Press 
Printing and Publishing Co., publishers and proprietors. 
George Wurts, editor. 



218 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

THE MORNING CALL.— Paterson. Daily, fxcept Sunday. 
Republican. The Call Printing and Publishing Co., pro- 
prietors and publishers. Joseph E. Crowell, editor. 

EVENING NEWS.— Paterson. Daily, afternoon, except 
Sunday. Democratic. News Printing and Publishing 
Co., proprietors. E. B. Haines, editor. 

THE PATERSON PEOPLE.-Paterson. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Socialist-Labor. Matthew Maguire, editor. 

SUNDAY CHRONICLE.-Paterson. Sunday. Independ- 
ent. Paterson Chronicle Co., proprietors. Charles A. 
Shriner, editor and manager. 

PATERSON VOLKS-FREUND (German). — Paterson. 
Daily, afternoon. Democratic. The German-American 
Printing and Publishing Co., proprietors and publishers. 

DE TELEGRAF (Holland).— Paterson. Semi-weekly. Re- 
pviblican. Tanis & Schrauder, publishers. 

THE LABOR STANDARD.— Paterson. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Labor. J. P. McDonnell, editor and proprietor. 

PATERSON CENSOR.— Paterson. Monday. Printed rec- 
ord of the counties of Bergen and Passaic. A. E. & B. 
Vanderhoven, editors and proprietors. 

THE ITEM.— Passaic. Weekly, on Saturday. Independ- 
ent. Alfred Speer, editor and proprietor. 

PASSAIC HERALD.— Passaic. Daily, afternoon. Repub- 
lican. D. W. Mahoney, editor. 

PASSAIC DAILY NEWS.— Passaic. Afternoon. Repub- 
lican. William J. Pape, editor. News Publishing Co., 
proprietors and publishers. 

THE RECORD.— Passaic. Weekly. Republican. O. Free- 
man, editor and publisher. 

PASSAIC WOCHENBLATT (German).— Passaic. Weekly, 
on Saturday. Herman Otto, publisher and proprietor. 
Max Miller, editor. 

SALEM COUNTY. 

NATIONAL STANDARD.— Salem. Weekly, on Wednes- 
day. Republican. Sinnickson Chew & Brother, proprie- 
tors. William H. Chew, editor. 

SALEM SUNBEAM.— Salem. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. Robert Gwynne. editor and publisher. 

THE SOUTH JERSEYMAN.— Salem. Weekly, on Tues- 
day. Republican. William H. Harris, proprietor. 

THE MONITOR-REGISTER.- Woodstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. Benjamin Patterson, proprietor. 

PENNSGROVE RECORD.— Pennsgrove. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. ^\'. A. Sinr;merhill. proprietor. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 219 

ELMER TIMES.— Elmer. Weekly, on Saturday. Inde- 
pendent. S. P. Foster, editor and publisher. 

THE WAGE EARNER.— Salem. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Union Labor. Wage Earner Publishing Co. 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 

THE SOMERSET MESSENGER.— Somerville. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Democratic. John H. Mattison, editor 
and publisher. 

THE UNIONIST-GAZETTE.— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. The Unionist-Gazette Associa- 
tion, publishers. Charles H. Bateman, editor. 

THE SOMERSET DEMOCRAT.— Somerville. Weekly, on 
Friday. Democratic. Somerset Publishing Co., pub- 
lishers. D. N. Messier, editor and manager. 

BOUND BROOK CHRONICLE.— Bound Brook. Weekly, 
on Friday. Republican. W. B. R. Mason, editor and 
publisher. 

STATE CENTRE.— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Independent. Rev. A. L. Wilson, editor and publisher. 

DER SOMERSET BOTE (German).— Bound Brook. 
Weekly, on Tuesday. Democratic. Walter Reiss, edi- 
tor and publisher. 

THE RECORD.— Bound Brook. Weekly, on Thursday. 
Democratic. Daniel Clark, editor. 

THE NEWS.— Bernardsville. Weekly, on Friday. Demo- 
cratic. J. E. Wells, editor. 

THE ROYAL CRAFTSMAN.— Somerville. Monthly. De- 
voted to Masonry. Somerset Publishing Co., publishers. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

THE SUSSEX REGISTER.— Newton. Weekly, on Wed- 
nesday. Republican. Richard F. Goodman, editor and 
publisher. 

THE NEW JERSEY HERALD.— Newton, ^"eekly. on 
Thursday. Democratic. Jacob L. Bunnell, editor and 
proprietor. Henry C. Bunnell, assistant editor. 

SUSSEX INDEPENDENT.-Deckertown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Independent. J. J. btanton and C. A. Wilson, 
editors. 

THE WANTAGE RECORDER.— Deckertown. Weekly, 
on Thursday. Democratic. C. E. Sticknej-, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE MILK REPORTER.— Deckertown. Monthly. Agri- 
culture. John J. Stanton, editor and proprietor. 



220 NEW JERSEY NEAVSPAPERS. 

SUSSEX RECORD AND BRANCHVILLE TIMES.- New- 
ton. Weekly, on Thursday. Independent. Howard 
I.,ittle. proprietor. 

PEACH GROWERS' JOURNAL.— Deckertown. Monthly. 
Agricultural. James E. Stanton, editor and proprietor, 

UNION COUNTY. 

ELIZABETH DAILY JOURNAL.— Elizabeth. Afternoon. 
Republican. Charles C. McBride, editor. Augustus S. 
Crane, business manager. 

THE LEADER.— Elizabeth. Daily. Independent. J. Mad- 
ison Drake, editor and publisher. 

FREIE PRESSE (German).— Elizabeth. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Democratic. Charles H. Schmidt, editor and 
publisher. 

UNION COUNTY RECORD.— Elizabeth. W^eekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. Isaac N. Lewis, editor and pub- 
lisher. 

THE UNION DEMOCRAT.— Rahway. Weekly, on Thurs- 
day. Democratic. Lewis S. Hyer, editor. J. I. Collins, 
business manager. 

THE NEW JERSEY ADVOCATE.— Rahway. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Republican. H. B. Rollinson, editor and 
publisher. 

CENTRAL NEW JERSEY TIMES.— Plainfield. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Republican. Times Publishing Co. 

THE CONSTITUTIONALIST.— Plainfield. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. A. L. Force, publisher. 

THE PLAINFIELD COURIER-NEWS.— Plainfield. After- 
noon. Republican. F. W. Runyon, editor and pro- 
prietor. 

THE SUMMIT HERALD.— Summit. Weekly, on Satur- 
day. Republican. J. W. Clift, publisher. 

THE UNION COUNTY STANDARD.— Westfield. Semi- 
weekly, on Tuesday and Friday. The Standard Pub- 
lishing Concern. Alfred E. Pearsall, editor. C. E. Pear- 
sail, manager. 

NEW JERSEY LAW JOURNAL.— Plainfield. Monthly. 
New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Co., publishers. A. 
V. D. Honeyman, editor. 

THE DAILY PRESS.— Plainfield. Published at the office 
of the CONSTITUTIONALIST. Democratic. A. L. 
Force, proprietor. 

THE CRANFORD CHRONICLE.— Weekly, on Wednesday. 
John Alfred Potter, editor and publisher. 

THE CRANFORD CITIZEN.— Cranford. Weekly, on Sat- 
urday. Independent. E. R. Clyma, editor and manager. 



NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 221 

THE WESTFIELD J^EADER.— Westfield. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. G. A. V. Hankinson, editor. 

THE WESTFIELD REPUBLICAN.— Westfield. Weekly, 
on Wednesday. Repviblican. W. H. Morse, editor. 

ROSEI.LE STAR.— Roselle, Weekly, on Thursday. John 
F. Lennon, editor and proprietor. 



WARREN COUNTY. 

BELVIDERE APOLLO.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Friday. 
Republican. Josiah Ketcham, editor and publisher. 

THE WARREN JOURNAL.— Belvidere. Weekly, on Fri- 
day. Democratic. Smith Brothers, editors and pub- 
lishers. 

HACKETTSTOWN GAZETTE.— Hackettstown. Weekly, 
on Friday. Democratic. Charles Rittenhouse, editor 
and publisher. 

WARREN REPUBLICAN.— Hackettstown. Weekly, on 
Friday. Repviblican. Curtis Brothers, proprietors. 
George P. Curtis, editor. 

WARREN DEMOCRAT.— Phillipsburg. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. News and Democrat Publish- 
ing Co., proprietors. 

WARREN DAILY NEWS.— Phillipsburg. Evenings, ex- 
cept Sunday. Democratic. News and Democrat Pub- 
lishing Co., proprietors. 

THE W^ASHINGTON STAR.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Thursday. Democratic. Charles L. Siryker, editor and 
proprietor. 

THE BLAIRSTOWN PRESS.— Blairstc^v.n. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Independent. De Witt C. Carter, editor 
and publisher. 

THE WARREN TIDINGS.— Washington. Weekly, on 
Wednesday. Republican. J. B. R. Smith, editor and 
publisher. 

THE POST.— Phillipsburg. Evenings, except Sunday. Re- 
publican. Lynch & Sterner, proprietors and publishers. 

SUMMARY. 

There are 311 daily, weekly and other papers altogether 
in the State, of which 88 are Republican, 83 Democratic, 70 
Independent, 47 neutral, 4 religious, 5 labor and one each 
as follows: Agricultural, Populist, Railroad Employes, 
Commercial, Politico-Social, Prohibition, College, Reform 
School for Boys, Law, Masonic, Trade, and Milk. Twenty- 



222 NEW JERSEY NEWSPAPERS. 

yix arf publishofl in tho (Jorman lanfiungf, ?, in Italian hih\ 
one in Holland. 

The summary by counties is as follows: Atlantic, 15; 
Bergen. 18; Burlington, 14; Camden, ].^; Cape May, 8; Cum- 
berland, 13; Essex, 29; Gloucester, 7; Hudson, 28; Hunter- 
don, 15; Mercer, 15; Middlesex, 18; Monmouth, 27; Morris, 
15; Ocean, 6; Passaic. 15; Salem. 7; Somerset, 9; Sussex, 7; 
Union, 19; Warren, 10. Total, 311. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 223 



BIOGRAPHIES. 



GOVERNOR OF NEW JERSEY. 



FOSTER M. VOORHEES. 

Governor Voorhees was born at Clinton, Hunterdon 
county, New Jersey, November 5th, 1856, his father being 
the cashier of the bank there established and who comes 
of Dutch-English ancestors. The Governor was graduated 
from Rutgers College in 1876 and studied law at Elizabeth 
with the Honorable William J. Magie, now Chancellor of 
New Jersey. He was licensed as an attorney-at-law in ISSO 
and as a counselor in 1884. His success in his profession 
was instantaneous and his high standing at the bar is evi- 
denced by the fact that although of different political faith 
from the appointing power, he was nominated by Governor 
'\\'erts in 1894 to the office of Circuit Court Judge. He de- 
clined the honor on the ground that he owed his first alle- 
giance to his constituents v.'ho had elected him to the 
office of Senator. This was during the exciting and memo- 
rable session of 1894, and the sacrifice he made in this 
instance saved the State Senate to the Republican party 
and made possible the enactment of reform measures of 
which the Governor himself was the foremost champion. 

Governor Voorhees has always been an ardent, sincere 
and conscientious Republican. At the same time, his fair- 
ness and conservatism have won for him the admiration of 
the Independents and Democrats as well as the members 
of his own party. He has never been an offensive partisan, 
and his whole career has been an exemplification of the 
truth of President Hayes' famous declaration, "He serves 
his party best who serves his country best." 

Mr. Voorhees was a School Commissioner of Elizabeth 
for four years, from 1884 to 1888, and during that time was 
instrumental in inaugurating a number of educational re- 
forms. He was a m.em.ber of the House of Assembly during 
the years '88, '89 and '90, and was the leader of the Repub- 
lican minority in the two latter years, receiving the Re- 
publican vote for Speaker in both of these sessions. His 
ability as a parliamentarian and a debator won for him a 
State reputation. The year 1889 was one of partisan legis- 



224 BIOOUAPIIIES. 

lation on tlie part, of tho Domocralic majority, anri iiol- 
withstanding the tactics it employed to carry through its 
measures, Mr. Voorhees so skillfully led the minority that 
the opposition were even in danger of defeat, and on one 
occasion the Democrats were compelled to leave their seats 
in the Assembly and break a quorum in order to save them- 
selves from parliamentary rout. In these trying emergen- 
cies he achieved a reputation for wisdom, courage and 
readiness in action which commanded the respect of his 
friends and foes alike, and which at once ranked him 
among the Republican leaders of the State. Indeed, in the 
year following, the Republican State Convention com- 
mended by resolution the course of the Republican minority 
under his leadership. 

In 1890 Governor Voorhees served as a member of the 
special committee of the House and Senate to prepare a 
ballot reform law. This law to-day bears evidence of his 
judgment and wisdom. His popularity with the voters was 
evinced in 1890, when he ran in a district which had given 
Governor Abbett a plurality of 613, but wnich he carried 
by 163; and again in 1893, when he was elected to the Senate 
from Union county by a plurality of 1,144. In 1894 the Senate 
was Republican by a majority of one, and the Democrats 
attempted to control the organization of that body and to 
prevent a number of the Republican Senators from taking 
their seats. The forcible seizure of the Senate Chamber 
and the barring of its doors on that occasion are matters 
of recent history. In this crisis Senator Voorhees, by his 
counsel and action, averted what might have been a scene 
of conflict and riot and placed his pariy in such a position 
that the Supreme Court eventuallj' decided the controversy 
in favor of the Republicans. In the work of reform, which 
was a conspicuous feature of that session of the Legis- 
lature, Senator Voorhees was always courageous, always 
progressive and always statesmanlike. Notwithstanding 
the fact that the partisan feeling had been stimulated by 
the unlawful tactics of the minority, no extreme or retalia- 
tory measures were enacted by the Republican Legislature. 
This was in marked contrast to the partisan legislation of 
the previous years under Democratic control, and was due 
largely to the influence of Senator Voorhees. The year 1895, 
however, was destined to bring him more conspicuously 
into the public favor. Prior to the organization of the 
Legislature in 1895 rumors of official corruption and mal- 
feasance were current throughout the State. When the 
Legislature met, a select committee was appointed from 
the Senate, consisting of Senators Voorhees, Ketcham, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 225 

Skirm, Hei^bert and Daly, of which Senator Voorhees was 
ohairman, to investigate the charges of extravagance on 
the part of certain public officials. This committee disclosed 
a degree of official extravagance and corruption which 
startled the citizens of the State, and which was perhaps 
the most instrumental factor in determining the guberna- 
torial contest in the fall of that year. The work of this 
committee was so skillfully done, so free from prejudice 
and partisan bias and so convincing in its disclosures, that 
its verdict was accepted without question by the members 
of both political parties. In the special session of 1895 Sen- 
ator Voorhees followed up the work of the investigating 
committee by introducing a large number of reform meas- 
ures, calculated to remedy the then existing ills and to pre- 
vent the recurrence of such evils in the future. Conspicu- 
ous among these was the preparation of an annual appro- 
priation bill. Heretofore the appropriations had been made 
by separate bills and the total appropriation was known 
only to a few. Senator Voorhees provided for an annual 
budget, itemizing the several appropriations, and yet col- 
lecting them in one act, so that the aggregate could be 
comprehended at a glance, not only by the legislators but 
by the public at large. In the fall of the same year his 
friends urged his name as a candidate for the Republican 
nomination for Governor. A gallant fight was made for 
the young leader from Union, but was unsuccessful, Hon. 
John W. Griggs receiving the nomination. Senator Voor- 
hees loyally supported his successful competitor during 
the campaign, and he was tlien proclaimed by the prophets 
as the successor of Governor Griggs. In 1896 Governor 
Griggs offered him the position of Clerk in Chancery, which 
he generously declined in order that some of his friends 
might receive appointments rather than himself. In 1898 
he was elected President of the Senate without opposition, 
and upon the appointment of Governor Griggs as Attorney- 
General of the United States he became Acting Governor 
of the State. In that capacity he fulfilled the expectations 
of his friends. He displayed a courage of conviction and 
an executive capacity and a devotion to duty that added 
to his already brilliant reputation as a public man. His 
administration fell upon troublous times. War was de- 
clared with Spain and he became the War Governor of New 
Jersey. In this capacity he won new laurels. 

Following the precedent established by those noble war 

Governors, Olden and Parker, Governor Voorhees entered 

enthusiastically into the active work of preparing New 

Jersey's quota for the w^ar with Spain. Realizing the diffi- 

15 



22(, RTOGRAI'HIES. 

tiiltifs thai arisi! in an emergency of this natur<-, he souf^ht 
to restrain, by wise and prudent cMjunsel, all whose absenc*' 
would entail privation and suffering ujion those depending 
upon them for support, and urg^ed others, whose interests 
were not likely to suffer, to offer their services. He watched 
with careful scrutiny each detail of the equipment of the 
force and endeavored to make efficient organizations of 
New Jersey's contingent in the service of the United States. 
His success in this mobolization was quick and pronounced. 

His care for and interest in the soldiers, however, con- 
tinued even after they were mustered into service, and he 
gave his time and Influence to the promotion of their wel- 
fare and comfort, even after they had left the borders of 
the State. 

His long public service and his record as Acting Governor 
of the State, at once brought him to the front as a promi- 
nent candidate for the Republican nomination for Gover- 
nor, and when the Republican State Convention assembled 
liT September, at Trenton, he was selected as the standard- 
bearer by acclamation, an honor that has fallen on no 
other man, In recent years, In the State of New Jersey. 
He was elected by a plurality of 5,499 over Elvln W. Crane, 
the Democratic candidate, after an exciting campaign. 

Voorhees, Rep., 164,051; Crane, Dem., 158,552; Landon, Pro., 
6,893; Magulre, Soc.-Lab., 5,458; Schrayshuen, Peop., 491. 



UNITED STATES SENATORS. 



WILLIAM J. SEWELL, Camden. 

Senator Sewell was born In Ireland In 1835. He came to 
this country at an early age. At the outbreak of the Civil 
war he was mustered Into the United States service as 
Captain In the Fifth New Jersey Regiment, August 28th. 
1861, and participated in all the engagements in which his 
regiment took part, down to the battle of Spottsylvanla, In 
May, 1864. In the battle of Chancellorsville, General Mott 
was disabled by a severe wound, and Sewell assumed 
charge of the brigade. At a critical point In the engage- 
ment he led it forward In a resistless charge and achieved 
one of the most brilliant successes of the war. He cap- 
tured eight colors from the Confederates, and retook the 
regimental standard of a New York regiment. His services 
were scarcely less brilliant at Gettysburg and other im- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 227 

portant points. He was wounded twice, at Gettysburg and 
Chancelloisville. He was made Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Fifth Regiment, July, 1S62, and Colonel three months later. 
In September. 1864, after recovering- from illness, rie became 
Colonel of the Thirty-eighth Regiment, and remained with 
it in the field until the close of the war. 

He was made Brevet Brigadier-General of Volunteers 
April 9th, 1866, for "gallant and meritorious conduct in the 
battle of Chancellorsville," and Major-General at the close 
of the war, for meritorious services. When Joel Parker 
became Governor, General Sewell was appointed a member 
of his personal staff. During the railroad strikes of 1877, 
he was sent by Governor Bedle to the most critical point in 
New Jersey (Phillipsburg) with the Sixth and Seventh 
Regiments, and was appointed Provisional Commander of 
the forces at that point. He guarded his post so well that 
not a ripple of trouble occurred. He has been for several 
years commander of the Second Brigade, National Guard 
of New Jersey, and is now Division Commander. 

He was elected to the State Senate from Camden county 
for three successive terms of three years each, and in the 
years 1876, '79 and '80 he was President of that body. His 
career as a legislator was one of brilliant usefulness, and 
his record is remarkable for strict integrity, honorable 
))earing and dignified deportment. When he was elected to 
the United States Senate by the Legislature of 1881, and on 
severing the ties of friendship which bound him to those 
on both sides of the Chamber, an impressive scene oc- 
curred, when Democrats as well as Republicans vied with 
each other in complimenting him upon the high honor 
which had been conferred on him, and expressing regret 
that the State was about to lose so valuable a member of 
its law-making body. Appropriate resolutions were unani- 
mously passed, and Senator Sewell took his leave a few 
days before the meeting of the United States Senate, on the 
4th of March, 1881. He was elected in joint meeting over 
his predecessor, Hon. Theodore F. Randolph, by a strict 
party vote. He was a delegate to the Republican National 
Conventions of 1876 and 1880. He was chairman of the New 
Jersey delegation to the Republican National Convention 
at Chicago, in 1884, and was a staunch supporter of Blaine 
for the Presidency. In 1888 he was also chairman of the 
New Jersey delegation to the Republican National Conven- 
tion, when he supported General Harrison for the Presi- 
dency; and again in 1892. when he took a similar position. 
In 1896 he also served as chairman of the New Jersey dele- 
gation to the National Republican Convention held at St. 



228 BIOGRAPHIES. 

l.oui.s, and again in 19(MJ he was chairman ol; iho New Jersey 
(lelejJTulion to the National Kcpubiiean (jonvention which 
was held in Philadelphia. He was succeeded by Rufus 
Blodgett as United States Senator in 1887. In 1895, being 
the choice of the Republican caucus, he was elected to 
succeed John R. McPherson in the United States Senate. 
His term will expire on March 3d, 1901. 

On May 4th, 1898, Senator Sewell w^as appointed by Presi- 
dent McKinley a Major-General of U. S. Volunteers, but at 
the earnest request of his Republican colleagues to retain 
his seat in the Senate, where his services to his country 
were much needed, he declined the honor on May 18th. He 
was nominated by Governor Voorhees on February 15th, 
15S99, as Major-General of the National Guard of New Jer- 
sey, and without the usual reference to a committee, he 
was promptly confirmed by a unimous vote. The nomina- 
tion was made to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation 
of Major-General Plume. 

JOHN KEAN, Elizabeth. 

Senator Kean was born at Ursino, Union county. New 
Jersey, in the house where he now resides, on December 
4th, 1852. The house is historic, being known as "Liberty 
Hall," and was erected by Governor Livingston in 1772. 
TX'ashington held many conferences with his Generals 
within its walls, and Alexander Hamilton studied law 
there. And in the same house John Jay was married to 
one of the daughters of the Governor. Another home, at 3 
East Fifty-sixth street, New York city, also belongs to 
Mr. Kean, where he spends much of his time during the 
winter. 

When a young boy the Senator was sent to a boarding- 
school in Stockbridge, Mass., and was transferred from 
there to a private academy at Sing Sing on the Hudson, 
where he received a much higher education than was neces- 
sary for him to enter Yale College, which he did in 1872. He 
afterward took a course in the Columbia College Law 
School, and was admitted to the bar of New Jersey in 1877. 

Mr. Kean w^as elected to Congress in 1882, and again in 
1SS6. In 1892 he was defeated for Governor by his Demo- 
cratic opponent, George T. Werts. 

The Senator is a prominent business man, and is engaged 
in numerous manufacturing, mercantile, railroad and 
financial enterprises, which furnish employment to a large 
number of mechanics and artisans, especially in the city 
of Elizabeth, where he is so well and favorably known. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 229 

He has helped materially in promoting the growth of that 
city, and to him, more than to any other person, is due its 
present prosperity. He fills many positions of honor and 
trust in the banking and commercial communities. He is 
President of the National State Bank, of Elizabeth, and a 
director in the Elizabeth Banking Company. He is also 
President of the Elizabeth Water Company and the Gas 
liight Company of the same city. He holds the largest 
interest in the Elizabeth Street Railway Company, and his 
latest undertaking was the construction of a trolley line 
from Elizabeth to Plainfield, for the franchise of which 
he paid a large sum of money. 

The Senator has alw^ays been an active Republican, and 
for several years he served as the Treasurer of the State 
Committee of his party. He was the unanimous choice of 
the Republican caucus for United States Senator in Janu- 
ary, 1899, and received the full vote of his party when he 
was elected to that office in a joint meeting of the Legis- 
lature, held soon afterward, his Democratic opponent be- 
ing the then incumbent, James Smith. Senator Kean was 
elected for a term of six years, which will not expire until 
March 4th, 1905. 



NEW JERSEY CONGRESSMEN. 



FIRST DISTRICT. 

Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Salem 

Counties. 

(Population, Census of 1890, 198,193; Census of 1900, 229,472.) 

HENRY C. LOUDENSLAGER. 

(Rep., Woodbury.) 

Mr. Loudenslager was born in Mauricetown, Cumberland 
county, N. J., May 22d, 1852. His parents moved to Pauls- 
boro, Gloucester county, in March, 18.56, where he has con- 
tinuously resided ever since. His education was obtained 
in the common schools. After leaving the farm of his 
father, he entered the produce commission business in 
Philadelphia, and continued in it for ten years, from 1872 
to 1882. During this time his father was the County Clerk 
of Gloucester, and except when engaged in the market 
during the produce season, the son was employed in the 
office. He was elected to the office in 1882, and was re- 
elected in 1887. At both of his elections he ran far ahead 



2;!0 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of his ticket, his plurality the lust time being UW. He is a 
member of the State Republican Committee. Mr. Louden- 
slager is well known all over the State from his secret 
sociey connections. He has been the Great Keeper of 
Wampum, Improved O. R. M., of this State. He is a mem- 
ber of Florence Lodge, No. 87, F. & A. M., and is a 32d- 
degree Mason. In 1900 he was elected to a fifth term in Con- 
gress by a plurality of 12,773. 

1898— Loudenslager, Rep., 23,864; Iredell, Dem., 18,092: 
Haven, Pro., 1,859; Mills, Soc.-Lab., 164. Loudenslager's 
plurality, 5,772. 

1900— Loudenslager, Rep., 31,942; Pfeiffer, Dem., 19,169: 
Haven, Pro., 1,928; Eberding, Soc.-Dem., 374; Wellenbach, 
Soc.-Lab., 101. Loudenslager's plurality, 12,773. 



SECOND DISTRICT. 
Atlantic, fiercer, Burlington and Ocean Counties. 

(Fopulaticn, Census of 1890, 183,316; Census of 1900, 219,75.3.) 
JOHN J. GARDNER. 
(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Mr. Gardner was born October 17th, 1845, in Atlantic 
countj^ N. J., and since 1856 has resided in Atlantic City, 
except during his term of service in the army during the 
Civil War. He is in the real estate and insurance business. 
He was elected Mayor of Atlantic City in 1868, '69. '70, '73 
and '74 — having declined the nomination in 1872 and 1875. In 
the latter year he was elected a member of the Common 
Council, and one of the Coroners of the county. He wa;^ 
elected Senator in 1877, and was re-elected in 1880, '83, '86 and 
'89. He beat the record, with regard to the length of ser- 
vice, of any State Senator in the history of the State, hav- 
ing served five consecutive terms, or fifteen j-ears alto- 
gether. In the session of 1883 he was President of the 
Senate, when he discharged the duties of the position with 
much ability and impartiality. He always took a promi- 
nent part in legislation, and during many years was the 
leader of his party in the Senate. He is noted for his readi- 
ness in debate, repartee and quick and forcible expression 
of ideas. He was a delegate-at-large to the National Re- 
publican Convention at Chicago in 1884. He is a member of 
the State Republican Committee. He was elected to a fifth 
term in Congress in 1900 by a plurality of 14.U08. 

1898- Gardner, Rep.. 24,0:35; Hall, Dem., 17,367: Currie, Pro.. 
1,294; Weigel, Soc.-Lab., 153. Gardner's plurality, 6,668. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 231 

ll^OO— Gardner, Rep., 31.359; Prickett, Dem.. 17,351; Powell. 
Pro., 1.419; Pancoast. Soc.-Dem., 418; Wegener, Soc.-Lab., 
75. Gardner's plurality, 14,008. 



THIRD DISTRICT. 
Somerset, Middlesex and Monmouth Counties. 

(Population, Census of 1880, 1.59.913; Census of 1900, 194.767.) 

BENJAMIN F. HOWELL. 

(Rep.. New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Howell was born in Cumberland county, N. J., Jan- 
uary 27th, 1844, and is President of the People's National 
Bank of New Brunswick. He was Surrogate of Middlesex 
county for ten years, from November, 1882, until November, 
1892. He served with the Twelfth New Jersey Volunteers 
throughout the Civil War. He came to South Amboy, 
where he entered business, and continued his residence 
there until 1882, when he was elected Surrogate and re- 
moved to New Brunswick. He served three years as a 
n^ ember of the Township Committee, and two years as 
Chosen Freeholder, during the last year of which he was 
r>irector of the Board. He is a Director of the New Bruns- 
V ick Savings Bank, and holds many other positions of 
trust. He was elected to Congress in 1894 by a plurality of 
3.976 over Jacob A. Geissenheimer, Democrat, who two 
years before carried the district by 3,327. In 1900 he was 
elected to a fourth term in Congress by a plurality of 5.505. 

1898— Howell, Rep., 19,412; Convery, Dem., 18,683; Bird, 
Pro., 670; Williams, Soc.-Lab., 183. Howell's plurality, 729. 

1900— Howell. Rep., 24,286; Bergen, Dem., 18,781; Garrison, 
Pro.. 768; Freedman, Soc.-Dem., 190; Herrschaft, Soc.-Lab.. 
108. Howell's plurality, 5,505. 



FOURTH DISTRICT. 
Sussex, Wai'ren, Hunterdon and Morris Counties. 

(Population. Census of 1890, 148,268; Census of 1900, 161,578.) 

JOSHUA S. SALMON. 

(Dem., Boonton.) 

Mr. Salmon was born near Mount Olive, Morris county, 

N. J., February 2d, 1846, and is a lawyer by profession. He 

is of Scotch origin, while his ancestry in this country dates 

back to 1640. He was educated in the seminaries of Char- 



232 BIOGRAPHIES. 

lotteville, N. Y., and Schooley's Mountain, N. J., and 
studied law with the late Charles E. Schofield, of Jersey 
City. Later he matriculated in the Albany Law School, 
where he was graduated in 1873 with the degree of LL.B. 
In March of that year he was admitted as an attorney and 
counselor to the bar of New York, and in November, 1875, 
he was admitted as an attorney in New Jersey. He after- 
wards became a counselor, and on December 21st, 1894, he 
was admitted as an attorney and counselor of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. Since his admission to the bar 
he has practiced his profession at Boonton. He takes high 
rank both as a civil and criminal lawyer. He has been 
counsel in many notable cases and enjoys an extensive and 
lucrative practice. 

In March, 1893, he was appointed by Governor Werts as 
Prosecutor of the Pleas for Morris county, and served a full 
term of five years. On April 1st, 1897, he opened an office 
in Morristown, and he now divides his time between that 
and the Boonton office, having a son in each office reading 
law and assisting in legal work. As a citizen Mr. Salmon 
has always been active and influential in the welfare and 
advancement of the place of his residence, substantially 
supporting its leading institutions and liberally encourag- 
ing its worthy enterprises. He has been one of the direc- 
tors of the Boonton National Bank since its organization 
in 1890. His activity in political affairs has continued since 
his admission to the bar, and he is a recognized leader In 
the Democratic party in Morris county. In 1876 he was 
elected a member of the City Council of Boonton and held 
that office for six years. In 1877 he was elected a member 
of the House of Assembly and served on important com- 
mittees and was also a recognized leader on the floor of 
the House. He was counsel for the Board of Chosen Free- 
holders of Morris countj- from 1880 until 1893, has been 
counsel for the town of Boonton and for various townships 
in Morris county, holding such an incumbency during the 
greater part of the time since his admission to the bar. He 
was the Democratic candidate for County Clerk in 1878, and 
the nominee of his partj- for State Senator in 1883. 

Mr. Salmon was re-elected to Congress in 1900 by a plu- 
rality of 1.644. 

1S98— Salmon, Dem., 17,866; Reiley, Rep., 15,207; Lefferts, 
Pro., 1,571; Campbell, Soc.-Lab., 70. Salmon's plurality, 
2,659. 

1900— Salmon, Dem., 19,661; Herr, Rep., 18,017; Osborn. 
Pro., 1,255: Strobell, Soc.-Dem., 235; Wilson, Soc.-Lab., 64. 
Salmon's plurality, 1,644. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 233 

FIFTH DISTRICT. 
Passaic and IJergeii Counties. 

(Population, Census of 1890, 152,272; Cencus of 1900, 233,643.) 

JAMES FLEMING STEWART. 

(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Stewart was born at Paterson, N. J., June 15th, 1851, 
and is a lawyer by profession. He attended both school 
and college, and occupied his summer vacations in various 
departments of labor to acquire the means to defray the 
expenses of his education. In the law class of the Uni- 
versity of the City of Ne^ York, in 1870, which comprised 
many men who have since attained eminence in their pro- 
fession, he took the $250 prize for the best examination— a 
fact of which he is particularly proud. He has been three 
times appointed Recorder of the city of Paterson, a position 
which he held when he was elected to Congress, but he was 
legislated out of office in 1892 by the Democratic Legisla- 
ture, and was restored in the spring of 1894, owing to Re- 
publican ascendancy in the Legislature. He resigned the 
office in November, 1895. In 1900 he was elected to a fourth 
term in Congress by a plurality of 4,615. 

1898— Stewart, Rep., 18,367; Marley, Dem., 16,342; Stocking, 
Pro., 354; Maguat, Soc.-Lab., 1,270. Stewart's pluralitJ^ 
2.025. 

1900— Stewart, Rep., 24,323; Johnson, Dem., 19,708; Dor- 
mida, Pro., 430; Wyatt, Soc.-Dem., 514; Magner, Soc.-Lab., 
395. Stewart's plurality, 4,615. 



SIXTH DISTRICT. 

The t'ity<)f Newark and the Township of East Orange, 

Essex County. 

(Population, Census of 1890, 195,112; Census of 1900, 267,576.) 

RICHARD WAYNE PARKER. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Mr. Parker was born in Morristown, N. J., August 6th, 
1848, and is a lawyer by profession. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1867, studied law in the Columbia Law 
School, New York, and was admitted to the bar in 1870. He 
then became the law partner of his father, Cortlandt 
Parker, and the partnership still exists. He was a member 



234 BIOGRAPHIES. 

of Asseml)ly from Essex county in ISSo and 1886, when he 
took a i^rominent part in leg-ishilion. In 1892 he was de- 
feated for Congress by Thomas Dunn English. In 1900 he 
was elected to a fourth term in (Congress by a plurality 
of 13,3.53. 

1898— Parker, Rep., 23,843; At water. Dem., 20,1.50; Raub. 
Pro., 395; Carless, Soc.-Lab., 1,035. Parker's plurality. 3,693. 

1900— Parker, Rep., .32.8.30; Lambert, Dem., 19,477; Gray, 
Pro., .395: Jones, Soc.-Dem., 848; Hoffman, Soc.-Lab., 534. 
Parker's plurality, 13,35.3. 



SEVENTH DISTRICT. 
All of Hudson County Ex<;ei>ting the City ot Bayonne. 

(Population, Census of 1890, 256,093; Census of 1900, 3.5.3,.326.) 

ALLAN LANGDON McDERMOTT. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. McDermott was born in South Boston, Mass., on the 
.30th of March, 18.54. His father was Hugh Farrer McDer- 
mott. who, to use the language of the memorial resolutions 
adopted by the New York Press Club, on his decease, in 
1S90, "in the wide scope of his literary labors, as journalist, 
dramatist, author and poet, made a conspicuous place and 
earned enduring fame for himself." His mother's maiden 
name was Annie J. Langdon. and she was of one of the 
oldest families in New England. In 1870 the subject of this 
sketch determined to follow journalism, and, as a prelim- 
inary step, learned to set type and run a press. A few 
verses published in a Boston paper, and reprinted in the 
New York Telegram, in 1870, show that Mr. McDermott had 
a very narrow escape from a literary tomb. In 1876 he 
entered the law school of the University of the City of New 
York, and was graduated the following year, delivering an 
essay on "The Sanction of the Law." at the commencement 
exercises held at the Academy of Music in June. 1877. The 
same year he was admitted to the bar of New Jersey, be- 
coming a counselor in 1880. While he was a student in the 
office of the late Leon Abbett there was formed a friend- 
ship between preceptor and pupil which had grown with 
the years, and had on more than one occasion evidenced a 
steadfastness which is rarely found in the harsh lines of 
political association. In 1878 Mr. McDermott was defeated 
as a candidate for Assembly from the Fourth District of 
Hudson county, but was elected in 1879 and 1880. and in 1881 
was the Democratic candidate for Speaker of that body. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 235 

From 1878 to 1883 he was Corporation Attorney of Jersey 
LMty, resigning that position when appointed Judge of the 
Second District Court by Governor Ludlow. In 1884 Gov- 
ernor Abbett appointed Mr. McDermott a member of the 
State Board of Assessors. In that position he formulated 
the rules which have ever since been followed in the taxa- 
tion of railroad property and corporate franchises in New 
Jersey. In 1886 Governor Abbett nominated him as Clerk in 
Chancery, and he was confirmed by the Senate. In com- 
municating the fact to the Legislature, the late ex-L'nited 
States Senator Cattell. also a member of the State Board, 
wrote: "The Hon. Allan L. McDermott, one of the original 
m.embers of the Board, was during the last session of the 
Legislature appointed and confirmed as Clerk in the Court 
of Chancery, and on the 1st of April resigned as a member 
of this Board to enter upon his new position. Much of the 
success of the early work of this Board is due to the intelli- 
gent and faithful service of Mr. McDermott, largely sup- 
plemented by his legal knowledge, which was invaluable. 
The Board parted with him most regretfully, and we are 
free to say that in our judgment it will be difficult to find 
one who will in all respects fill his place." In 1884. '8-5 and 
'86 Mr. McDermott was President of the Board of Finance 
and Taxation of Jersey City. Upon his retirement from 
that position the Argus said: "The withdrawal of Allan L. 
McDermott from the management of our municipal 
finances is a public calamity. His clear head, his hones+y 
of purpose and untiring energy have rendered him of ines- 
timable value to our city. He has introduced and enforced 
rigid principles of economy in our local expenditures, and 
has, with the aid of his colleagues, established an ad- 
mirable financial system, which has placed our credit 
above cavil or suspicion." He was renominated for Clerk 
in Chancer>'. in 1891, by Governor Abbett, and he was again 
confirmed by the Senate. In 1892 Mr. McDermott was. be- 
cause of dissatisfaction with the existing local govern- 
ment, defeated in a canvass for the Mayoralty of Jersey 
City. In 1894 he was nominated by Governor Werts as a 
member of the commission appointed to revise the State 
Constitution. He was chairman of the State Democratic 
Committee from 1886 until 1896. and drafted every platform, 
with one exception, adopted by a State Democratic Con- 
vention during that time. 

In 1898 he was appointed by Mayor Hoos Corporation 
Counsel of Jersey City. In that year he was elected to the 
State Senate by a plurality of 9,-528. He served two years 
in that body, and resigned the office in the fall of v.m. He 



236 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was nominated for Congress to fill the unexpired term of 
the late William D. Daly, and he was also nominated for a 
full term, with small opposition in his own party. He was 
elected for the short term by a plurality of 3,426 and for the 
long term by a plurality of 3,241 over Marshall Van Winkle, 
the Republican candidate. 

1898— Daly, Dem., 30,270; Pangborn, Rep., 20,162; Brown, 
Pro., 258; Herrschaft, Soc.-Lab., 1,723. Daly's plurality, 
10,108. 

1900 (short term)— McDermott, Dem., 33,898; Van Winkle. 
Rep., 30,472; Hickey, Ind. Work., 20. McDermott's plu- 
rality, 3,426. 

1900 (full term)— McDermott, Dem., 33,713; Van Winkle, 
Rep., 30,472; Brown, Pro., 303; Kraft, Soc.-Dem., 1,336; 
Jacob, Soc.-Lab., 479; Hickey, Ind. Work., 10. McDermott's 
plurality, 3,241. 



EIGHTH DISTRICT. 

The County of Union, the City of Bayonne (Hudson Cou iity 

and all the C»>unty of Essex Exceptinjj the City of 

Newark and Township of East Orange. 

(Population, Cencus of 1890, 152,486; Census of 1900, 223,552.) 

CHARLES NEWELL FOWLER. 

(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Fowler was born at Lena, Illinois, November 2d, 1852, 
and is in the banking business. His earlier j'ears were 
passed on his father's farm, where he remained until his 
eighteenth year, w-hen he became a student at Beloit Col- 
lege, Wisconsin. Two years later he entered Yale College, 
from which he w^as graduated in 1876. He read law in the 
office of Williams & Thompson, in Chicago, and attended 
the Chicago Law School, and was graduated in 1878. He 
has been more or less engaged in active politics since he 
came to Elizabeth, sixteen years ago, and for some time he 
has been Chairman of the City Republican Central Com- 
mittee. He has served as a member-at-large of the Re- 
publican State Committee since 1898. He took an active 
part in the campaign for the election of Foster M. Voorhees 
as Governor. He was elected to a fourth term in Congress 
in 1900 by a plurality of 9,611 over Man, Dem. 

U98— Fowler, Rep., 20,230; Snyder, Dem., 15,878; Davis, 
Pro., 561; Campbell, Soc.-Lab., 740. Fowler's plurality, 4,3.52. 

1900— Fowler, Rep., 27,121; Man, Dem., 17.510; Kennedy, 
Pro., 501; Koch, Soc.-Dem., 670; Grifb. S...-.-T.ab.. .127. 
Fowler's plurality, 9,011. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 237 

Population in ISJK) and 11)00, and (he Vote Cast in Kach 
Conj>iess District in ISOC and 1900. 

Population. Total Vote. 

District. 1890. 1900. 1896. 1900. 

First 198,193 229,472 52,443 53,514 

Second 183,316 219,755 47,614 50,622 

Third 159,913 194,767 42,040 44,133 

Fourth 148,268 161,578 39,065 39,232 

Fifth 152,272 233,643 39,843 45,370 

Sixth 195,112 267,576 48,352 54,084 

Seventh 256,093 353,326 58,995 66,313 

Eighth 152,486 223,552 40,718 46,129 

1,444,938 1,883,669 369,070 399,397 

lOOO. 

Total Republican vote 220,350 

" Democratic vote 165,370 

" Prohibition vote 6,999 

" Social-Democratic vote 4,585 

" Social-Labor vote 2,083 

" Ind. Work, vote 10 

399,387 

Republican plurality 54,980 



STATE SENATORS. 



Atlantic County. 

(Population, 46,402.) 

LEWIS EVANS. 

(Rep., Atlantic City.) 

Senator Evans was born at Estellville, Atlantic county. 
N. J., in 1842, and is a railroad agent. When fifteen years 
of age, he left home and settled at Mays Landing for a 
short time, and then removed to Camden, where he served 
as a messenger boy between that city and Philadelphia 
before the cable had been laid across the Delaware. He 
learned telegraphy, and for three summers served as an 
operator. Next he was appointed as station agent at Acto, 
on the West Jersey and Sea Shore Railroad, and subse- 
quently he was promoted to a larger office at Hammonton. 
In 1863 he removed to Atlantic City, still serving as railroad 



238 BIOGRAPHIES. 

uKciit. Ik- rtmain*Ml in the. railroad fompanys <mitloy 
until 18.S5, when he was elected County Clerk of Atlantic, 
an office he held for ten years. He was City Clerk of At- 
lantic City for two years and was a member of the Board 
of Education for nine years. 

At the organization of the f.rst building and loan associa- 
tion of Atlantic City he was elected as one of its Directors, 
which office he still holds. He also is one of the Directors 
of the Second National Bank of that city. 

Mr. Evans was one of the originators and incorporators 
of the Neptune Hose Company, when it was organized in 
Atlantic City fifteen years ago, and has been its president 
successively all that time. 

He is also a Past Master of Trinity Lodge, No. 79, F. & 
A. M., a Past Grand of American Star Lodge, I. O. O. P., 
and was one of the originators of the Atlantic City Hos- 
pital, and one of its Board of Governors, being also Treas- 
urer of the institution. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Finance and Reform School for Boys, and as a member of 
the committees on Education, Commerce and Navigation 
and Passed Bills. 

1895— Hoffman, Rep., .3,472; Osgood, Dem., 2,836; Adams, 
Pro., 202; Jacobs, People's, 49. Hoffman's plurality, 636. 

1898— Evans, Rep., 3,982; Schuchardt. Dem., 2,869; Clark, 
Pro., 270. Evans' plurality, 1,113. 



Berfiren County. 

(Population, 78,441.) 

EDMUND W. WAKELEE. 

(Rep., Demarest.) 

Senator Wakelee was born at Kingston, N. Y., November 
21st, 1869, and is a lawyer by profession. He is the youngest 
member of the present Senate. He was graduated from the 
Kingston Academy and then entered the New York Uni- 
versity, from which institution he was graduated in 1891. 
He was admitted to the bar in the same year. He made his 
home in Bergen county, where he is now practicing law, 
having an office in Englewood, and also in New York city. 
He is a member of Alpine Lodge, No. 77, F. & A. M., of 
Closter, and of Northern Valley Lodge, Knights of Honor, 
Tenafly, and all the prominent clubs in Bergen county. He 
served two years in the House of Assembly, in 1899 and 1900. 
and during the latter year he was the Republican leader 



BIOGRAPHIES. 2.19 

un the lioor of the House. He took a prominent jiait in 
legislation and made himself so popular that, when ^Villiam 
M. Johnson resigned his seat in the Senate as a representa- 
tive from Bergen county to accept the ofRce of First As- 
sistant Postmaster-General of the United States. Mr. 
^Vakelee was nominated by his party to fill the vacancy, 
and he was elected by a plurality of 2,163 over his Demo- 
cratic opponent, Frank O. Mittag. In the session of 1900. 
Mr. Wakelee was the leader of his party on the floor of the 
House and served as Chairman of the House Committees 
on Appropriations and Judiciary, and as a member of the 
Committees on Boroughs and Borough Commissions. In- 
dustrial School for Girls, Soldiers' Home and Treasurer's 
Accounts. 

1898— Johnson, Rep., 6,999; Currie. Dem., 6,276; Armann, 
Soc.-Lab., 140. Johnson's plurality, 72.3. 

1900— Wakelee, Rep.. 8,844; Mittag. Dem., 6.681; Colling- 
wood. Pro., 209; Schmidt, Soc.-Dem., 172. Wakelee's plu- 
rality, 2,16:i. 



Burllngrton County. 

(Population, 58,241.) 

NATHAN HAINES. 

(Rep., Burlington.) 

Senator Haines was born at Woodstown, Salem county, 
N. J., December 31st, IS-S:?. He is cashier of the Mechanics 
National Bank of Burlington, a position he has occupied 
since January, 1869. Previously he was a teller in the old 
Burlington Bank for a period of six years. Formerly he 
was a farmer and at another time a druggist. For three 
years he was President of the Common Council of Burling- 
ton, during which period the present water works system 
was established. For two years he was City Treasurer, 
and since 1871 to the present time he has been treasurer of 
a successful building and loan association. He was Chair- 
man of the County Board of Elections since the creation 
of that body and until he was elected to the Senate, when 
he resigned that office. He is President of the Burlington 
Electric Light and Power Company and the Delaware River 
Navigation Company. He served in the National Guard 
of New Jersey from 1880 until 1896 on the staff of the Sixth 
Regiment, and he was appointed by Governor Griggs as 
Aide-de-Camp. with the rank of Colonel, on his staff. He 
was also on the staff of General Grubb, on special duty 



240 BIOGRAPHIES. 

with the Now Jersey Battalion at Yorktown, in 1881. aiKl 
assisted in winninf>r the trophy and bringing it.to Trenton. 

The Senator was educated at the schools of his native 
place and later at the Chesterfield Academy. He taught 
school for five years, and in 1860 moved to Burlington. He 
is of Quaker ancestry. He was elected to the State Senate 
by a plurality of 1,823 over Howard E. Packer, Democrat, 
who sought a re-election, 

1897— Packer, Dem., 6,300; Barton, Rep., 5,684; Landon, 
Pro., 386. Packer's plurality, 616. 

1900— Haines, Rep., 7,796; Packer, Dem., 5,973; Vail, Pro., 
523. Haines' plurality, 1,823. 



Camden County. 

(Population, 107,641.) 

HERBERT W. JOHNSON. 

(Rep., Merchantville.) 

Senator Johnson was born in Bucks county. Pa., Novem- 
ber 24th, 1850, of Quaker parentage, and is a seed merchant, 
being the senior member of the firm of Johnson & Stokes, 
the largest seed and agricultural house in Philadelphia, 
which he established in 1880. He was educated in the 
Friends' schools of Philadelphia. He has resided in Mer- 
chantville, Camden county, since 1887, arid is prominently 
identified with the growth and progress of that town. He 
served three years in the Common Council, and at the end 
of his term he w^as elected Chief Burgess of that borough. 
The Senator was serving a second term as a member of 
the Camden County Board of Freeholders when he was 
elected to the State Senate. He then resigned the Free- 
holder office. He has always taken an active part in 
county matters, and has filled the Chairmanships of the 
most important committees of the County Board. He is an 
active member of the Commercial Exchange of Philadel- 
phia, and also of the Philadelphia Bourse. In 1899 he w^as 
re-elected to the Senate by a plurality of 8,928 over Russell, 
the regular candidate of the Democratic party. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Banks and Insurance and Printing, and as a member of 
the Committees on Municipal Corporations, Railroads and 
Canals and State Library. 

1896— Johnson, Rep., 16,308; Armstrong, Dem., 6,449; Haven, 
Pro., 406; Weisbrod, Soc.-Lab., 97. Johnson's plurality, 9,859. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 241 

lg99_johnson, Rep., 11,357: Russell, Dem., 2,429: Hall. 
County Dem., 1.117; Bacon. Pro.. 477; Sauers, Soc.-Lab., 166. 
Johnson's plurality, 8.928. 

Cape May County, 

(Population, 13,201.) 
ROBERT E. HAND. 
(Rep., Erma.) 
Senator Hand was born at Erma, Cape May county, June 
28th. 1854, where he still resides. He was educated in the 
public schools, and at an early age gave evidence of busi- 
ness ability of an unusual order. He is now extensively 
engaged in oyster-planting and general contracting. Hfe 
is the owner of hundreds of acres of valuable timber lands, 
from which he cuts railroad ties, piling, poles, «S:C., in great 
quantity. He employs more labor than anj'- other man in 
the county. He married Lizzie W., daughter of Captain 
William S. Hoffman, of Cold Spring, N. J., in 1878. He be- 
gan his public career as a member of the local Board of 
Education, and was its District ' Clerk for twelve years. 
He was an active and influential member of the Board of 
Freeholders from 1887 to 1892, and was elected Sheriff in the 
latter year, after one of the most masterly campaigns in 
the history of the county. He attended as a delegate the 
National Republican Convention at St. Louis, June 16th, 
1S96. He was elected to the Assembly in 1896, by a plurality 
of 469 over Roden, Democrat. In November, 1897, he was 
elected State Senator for a term of three years over David 
W. Roden, by a plurality of 205, after one of the hottest 
contests ever known to have taken place in the county, 
being the only Republican Senator elected in New Jersey 
at that time. His many friends throughout the State con- 
gratulated him on his brilliant and decisive victory, and in 
their appreciation of his abilities are of the unanimous 
opinion that, in politics as well as in business, he is in the 
foremost rank of enterprising citizens. He was re-elected 
to the Senate in 1900 by the increased plurality of 325 over 
Miller, Democrat. He is the only Republican Senator who 
was ever re-elected in Cape May. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Commerce and Naviga- 
tion. Riparian Rights and Treasurer's Accounts, and as a 
member of the Committees on Boroughs and Townships, 
Militia and Public Printing. 

1897— Hand. Rep., 1..526; Roden. Dem.. 1.321: Lake, Pro.. 203. 
Hand's plurality, 205. 

1900— Hand, Rep., 1,791; Miller. Dem., 1,466; Lake, Pro., 220. 
Hand's plurality, 325. 
IC 



242 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Cumberland County. 

(Population, 51,193.) 

EDAS^ARD CASPER STOKES. 

(Rep., Millville.) 

Senator Stokes was born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 
22d, 1860, and is President of the Mechanics National Bank 
of Trenton. He was educated in the public schools in Mill- 
ville and at Brown University, Providence, R. I. He was 
elected City Superintendent of Public Schools in Millville in 
1889. a position he held until 1898. He served as a member of 
Assembly from the Second district of Cumberland county 
in 1891 and 1892. He was elected Senator by a plurality of 
830 over Isaac C. Smalley in 1892, and in 1895 he was given 
an increased plurality of 2,077 over Ludlam, Democrat. In 
1898 he was re-elected by ^ plurality of 1,2.53, thus receiving 
a third term, an honor which had never before been con- 
ferred on a Senator from Cumberland county. For several 
years Mr. Stokes was the youngest member of the Senate. 
In 1895 he was President of the Senate, when he discharged 
the duties of the ofRce with marked dignity, ability and im- 
partiality. In 1900 he was chosen Vice-Chairman of the 
Republican State Committee. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committees on Corporations, Appropria- 
tions and Soldiers' Home, and as a member of the Commit- 
tees on Miscellaneous Business and State Prison. 

1895— Stokes, Rep., 5,231; Ludlam, Dem., 3,154; Randolph, 
Pro., 494; Starkweather, People's, 602. Stokes' plurality, 
2,077. 

1898— Stokes, Rep., 5,174; Grosscup, Dem., 3,921; Steppard, 
Pro., 583. Stokes' plurality, 1,253. 



Essex County. 

(Population, 359,053.) 

THOMAS NESBITT McCARTER, Jr. 

(Rep., Newark.) 

Senator McCarter was born in Newark, N. J., October 
20th, 1867, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
at the Newark Academy and Dr. Pingey's school in Eliza- 
beth. He was graduated at Princeton University in 18S8, 
and studied law at Columbia Law College and in his 
father's (Thomas N. McCarter's) office in Newark. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 243 

was a member of the firm of McCarter, Williamson & Mc- 
Carter from July 1st, 1891, to May 1st, 1899, when he with- 
drew and began the practice of his profession alone. From 
April 1st, 1896, to April 1st, 1899, he was Judge of the First 
District Court of Newark, when he resigned, having two 
years yet to serve. Governor Griggs appointed him to the 
judgeship. In 1899 he was elected to the Senate, after a 
most exciting campaign, by a plurality of 5,040 over Samuel 
Kalisch, one of the strongest and most aggressive Demo- 
crats in Essex fcounty. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committees on Municipal Corporations and State 
Prison, and as a member of the Committees on Banks and 
Insurance, Federal Relations, Judiciary and Soldiers' 
Home. 

1896— Ketcham, Rep., 41,856; Lambert, Dem., 20,933; Liver- 
more, Nat. Dem., 1,045; Anderson, Pro., 541; Wilson, Soc- 
Lab., 899. Ketcham's plurality, 20.923. 

1899— McCarter, Jr., Rep., 27,404; Kalisch, Dem., 22,364; 
Davis, Pro., 612; Herman, Soc.-Dem., 859; Wilson, Soc- 
Lab., 832. McCarter's plurality, 5,040. 



Gloucester County. 

(Population, 31,905.) 

SOLOMON H. STANGER. 

(Rep., Glassboro.) 

Senator Stanger was born at Glassboro, N. J., March 27th, 
1836, on a farm. His boyhood days were spent with these 
surroundings. His education was attained in the old school 
house at Glassboro, after which he entered into the indus- 
try of tilling the soil, which he pursued faithfully and suc- 
cessfully until the year 1881, when he moved from the farm 
into the famous "Temperance House," opposite the M. E. 
Church, Glassboro, and opened a general store, which has 
grown to be the largest and most successful of its kind in 
.the county. 

In 1885 he was elected to the Board of Freeholders, serv- 
ing in that capacity for ten successive years, holding the 
most important positions the Board could place upon him. 

In 1892 he was elected to the Assembly, and has been re- 
elected three times since, serving four years altogether, 
and being the only person from Gloucester county ever 
returned for so many successive terms. He served on some 
of the most important committees-. In 1896 he was Chair- 
man of the House Committee on Education, also a member 



244 BJOGKAPHJES. 

of the Committees on Labor and Industry. Riparian Rights 
and School for Deaf-Mutes. 

Senator Stanger has always been closely identified with, 
and is a leader of, the Republican party, having at heart its 
principles, and doing all in his power to promote the 'same. 
His many friends, recognizing his sterling qualities and 
faithful service, have shown their appreciation by electing 
him to Ihe high and honorable position as their representa- 
tive in the Senate for two terms. 

In 1899 he was re-elected to the Senate, after a most ex- 
citing and hard-fought campaign, by a plurality of 160 over 
his opponent, Thomas M. Ferrell, the strongest Democrat 
in the county. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Game and Fisheries, Printed Bills and Sinking Fund, and 
as a member of the Committees on Agriculture and Agri- 
cultural College and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

1896— Stanger, Rep., 4,637; Myers, Dem., 3,001; Holmes, 
Pro., 216. Stanger's plurality, 1,636. 

1899— Stanger, Rep.. 3,498; Ferrell, Dem., 3,329; Gardiner, 
Pro., 223. Stanger's plurality, 169. 



Hudson County. 

(Population, 386,048.) 

ROBERT S. HUDSPETH. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Senator Hudspeth was born at Coburg, Canada. October 
27th, 1853. and is a lawyer by profession. He practices in 
New York and New Jersey, having been admitted to the 
bar in both States. He represented the old Sixth district 
of Hudson county in the Legislature of 1886, '87 and '89. In 
1887 he was the regular Democratic nominee for Speaker, 
but was defeated for the office owing to a bolt in his party. 
At the close of the session of that year he was presented 
with a costly gold watch and chain by his Democratic col- 
leagues. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated for the 
Speakership by the Democratic caucus, and was elected to 
the office by a party vote over his Republican competitor. 
He discharged the duties of the Chair very acceptably to 
the members of both parties, and was complimented by 
them just before the adjournment of the Legislature. In 
1891 he received a unanimous nomination for Senator in 
Hudson county to fill the unexpired term (one year) of 
Edward F. McDonald, who had resigned to become a mem- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 245 

ber of Congress, and he was elected by a plurality of 7,255 
over Carr. the Republican candidate. In 1893 he was nomi- 
nated by Govei-nor Werts for Law Judge of Hudson county 
to succeed Job H. Lippincott. who had resigned to become 
a Justice of the Supreme Court, and he was confirmed by 
the Senate and served a term of five years. He was again 
elected to the Senate in 1900 to till the unexpired term (one 
jear) of Allan L. McDermott, who had resigned to accept a 
nomination for Congress. His plurality over his Repub- 
lican opponent. Mark M. Fagan. was 3,850. 

1898— McDermott, Dem., 32,138; Brantigan, Rep., 22,610; 
Wilson. Pro., 286; Kraft. Soc.-Lab., 1,726. McDermott's 
plurality, 9,-528. 

1900— Hudspeth. Dem.. 36.947: Fagan. Rep., 33.097; Wilson, 
Fro.. 3.33; Victor, Soc.-Dem.. 1.064; Oakes. Soc.-Lab.. 489. 
Hudspeth's plurality. 3.8.50. 



Hunterdon County. 

(Population. 34,507.) 

WILLIAM C. GEBHARDT. 

(Dem., Clinton.) 

Senator Gebhardt was born at Croton, Hunterdon county, 
X. J., March 28, 1859, and was graduated in the Clinton 
Institute. He was admitted at the June term, 1884. as an 
attorney, and at the June term, 1887, as a counselor. He 
began the practice of his profession at Clinton, N. J., and 
still retains an office there, having one also at 259 "U^'ash- 
ington street, Jersey City. He served as Corporation 
Counsel of the town of Clinton for ten years, and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Education for three years. He has 
also tilled the position of School Principal. He was elected 
to the Senate by a plurality of 1,281 over his Republican 
opponent, Albert C. Gandy. 

1897— Foster, Dem., 4,074; Reading. Rep., 3,290; Craig, Pro., 
375. Foster's plurality, 784. 

1900— Gebhardt, Dem., 5,120; Gandy, Rep., 3,839; Bodine, 
Pro.. .314. Gebhardt's plurality, 1.281. 



Mercer County. 

(Population, 95,365.) 

ELIJAH C. HUTCHINSON. 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Senator Hutchinson was born at Windsor, Mercer county, 

N. J., August 7th, 1855, and is a merchant miller. Before 



240 BIOGRAPHIES. 

his election to the House of Assemhly, in ISD,'.. the onl\ 
l»ul>lic ofJice lie e\er lield was that of Townshij) Clerk, 
which he lilled for three years. He has lieon treasurer of 
the Trenton Bone and Fertilizer Company since its organ- 
ization in July, 1889, and its manager since 1892. He is a 
director of the Interstate Fair Association, and was its first 
treasurer, having served three years in that position. He 
does a large business with his flour mill and grain elevator, 
which are situated in Hamilton township. He was elected 
to the Assembly in 1S95 by a plurality of .3,273 over McGal- 
liard, Democrat, and in 1896 by 7,736 over Gill, Democrat. 
In the Legislature of 1896 he served as Chairman of the 
Committee on Clergy, and as a member of the Committees 
on Appropriations, Game and Fisheries and State Prison, 
and also of the Inaugural Committee, in 1897 he was 
Chairman of the Committees on Agriculture and School for 
Deaf-Mutes, and a member of the Committees on Appro- 
priations and Revision of Laws. 

In 1898 he was elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,461 
over his Democratic opponent. Bayard Stockton. 

During his career in the Legislature the Senator has been 
a very busy man indeed, as he has always taken an active 
interest in matters that came up for legislation, and has 
ever been alert for the promotion of the welfare of the 
people of the State, and more particularly that of his own 
constituency. Last year he serA'ed as Chairman of the 
Committees on Agriculture, Stationery and Incidental Ex- 
penses and Public Grounds and Buildings, and as a member 
of the Committees on Appropriations, Clergy, Printed 
Bills and Sinking Fund. 

1895— Skirm, Rep., 10,684; Bergen, Dem., 8,113; Norcross, 
Pro., 306; Abrams, People's, 114; Keitz, Soc.-Lab., 64. 
Skirm's plurality, 2,571. 

1898— Hutchinson, Rep., 10,037; Stockton, Dem., 8,576; 
Burgner, Pro., 468. Hutchinson's plurality, 1,461. 



Middlesex County. 

(Population, 79,762.) 

THEODORE STRONG. 

(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Senator Strong was born at New Brunswick, N. J., Jan- 
uary loth, 1863, and is a lawyer by profession. He was 
graduated from Rutgers College in 1883, studied law with 
the firm of Woodbridge Strong & Sons, and was admitted 



BIOGRAPHIES. 247 

to the bar in ISSG and became a member of the foregoing 
firm, which was dissolved when Woodbridge Strong was' 
appointed County Judge of Middlesex in 1S96. Then the 
Senator formed a co-partnership with his brother, Alan H. 
Strong, which has continued ever since. The Senator was 
County Solicitor from May, 1S95, to May, 1S97. He was 
elected to the Senate by a plurality of 2,072 over James H. 
Van Cleef, his predecessor in office. 

1897_Van Cleef, Dem., 6,747; Pownall, Rep., 6,238; Mar- 
shall. Pro., 276. Van Cleef s plurality, 509. 

1900— Strong, Rep., 9,296; Van Cleef, Dem., 7,224; Crowell, 
Pro., 198. Strong's plurality, 2,072. 



Monmouth County. 

(Population, 82,057.) 

CHARLES ASA FRANCIS. 

(Rep., North Long Branch.) 

Senator Francis was born at Key port, N. J., October 
2Sth, 1855, and is a merchant. He received his education 
in the old Turkey school and at Freehold. He was formerly 
a clerk for the New Jersey Central Railroad Company at 
Sandy Hook. In 1881 he formed a co-partnership under the 
f.rm name of Hoyt & Francis, in the grocery business, at 
North Long Branch, which is one of the most prosperous 
in Monmouth county. He was elected a Commissioner of 
that town in 1884, and was re-elected in 1885, '86 and '87. 
In 1893 he w-as placed on both tickets for Commissioner-at- 
Large, and received the total vote cast at the municipal 
election. He was made Chairman of the Finance Commit- 
tee, and a member of the Sanitary, Ordinance and Printing 
Committees by Mayor Blodgett. He has been a member of 
the Board of Education since 1886, and in 1889 he was elected 
its Secretary. He served as Postmaster at North Long 
Branch under Presidents Arthur and Harrison. He is a 
fireman and an active church worker, and belongs to the 
following lodges: Long Branch Lodge, F. & A. M. ; Stand- 
ard Chapter, R. A. M. ; Corson Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar; Sea View Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; Hollywood Council, Jr. 
O. U. A. M. ; Long Branch Council, Royal Arcanum, and 
Progressive Council, Local Additional Benefit Association, 
a branch of the Royal Arcanum. He served two years in 
the House of Assembly, and in 1896 he was elected to the 
Senate by a plurality of 231. In 1899 he was re-elected by a 
plurality of 526 over Johnson. Democrat. Last year he 



24S BIOGRAPHIES. 

scr\tMl as Chairman of the Commitlcfs on Education, 
Clergy and State Hospitals, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Game and Fisheries, Finance and Stationery an«i 
Incidental Expenses. 

l,S9G_Francis, Rep., 9,389; Stevens, Dem., 9,158; Brown, 
Pro., 255. Francis' plurality, 2!]]. 

1899— Francis, Rep., 9,025; Johnston, Dem., 8,499; Shotwell, 
Pro., 359. Francis' plurality, 526. 



Morris County. 

(Population, 65,1.56.) 

MAHLON PITNEY. 

(Rep., Morristown.) 

Senator Pitney was born at Morristown, N. J., February 
5th, 1858, and is a lawyer by profession. He is a son of 
Vice-Chancellor Pitney. He obtained his early education 
in the schools of his native town, and entered Princeton 
College in 1875, and was graduated in 1879. Upon gradua- 
tion he at once commenced the study of law in the office 
of his father, who was then practicing in Morristown. He 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June. 1882. and 
became a counselor-at-law in 1885. He opened an office 
In Dover, Morris county, in 1882, and remained there until 
1889. when he returned to Morristown, and has since resided 
and practiced law in that place. His law practice is quite 
general in its character. He acted as Temporary Chairman 
of the Republican State Convention in 1895, which nomi- 
nated John W. Griggs for Governor. At the election of 1894 
for Congress he carried the Democratic counties of Sussex 
and Warren, the latter county being the home of his oppo- 
nent, Hon. Johnston Cornish. In 1896 he made a most 
brilliant campaign and was re-elected by the increased 
plurality of 2,977. He had the indorsement of the Gold 
Democrats. His own county of Morris gave him a plu- 
rality of 3,627, despite the iact that his opponent, Augustus 
W. Cutler, was also a resident of that county. He made a 
Inilliant record in Congress, and was one of the most influ- 
ential members ever sent from New Jersey. 

He was elected to the State Senate by a plurality of 831 
over his Democratic opponent, Thomas H. Hoagland. 

Last year he was the leader of his party on the floor of 
the Senate, and he served as Chairman of the Committees 
on Judiciary, Miscellaneous Business and Railroads and 



BIOGRAPHIES. 249 

Canals, and as a member of the Committeess on Industrial 
School for Girls, Public Health and State Hospitals. 

lj>-95_Vreeland. Rep.. ri.9T4: McCracken, Dem., 4.448; 
Hedges. Pro., 44(5: Milligan, People's. 224. Vreeland's plu- 
rality, 1.526. 

lg98_Pitney, Rep., 6,606; Hoagland, Dem.. 5,77.5; Miller 
Pro., 488. Pitney's plurality, 831. 



Ocean County. 

(Population. 19,747.) 

GEORGE GREELEY SMITH. 

(Rep., Lakewood.) 

Senator Smith was born in Clinton. Worcester county. 
Mass., January 5th, 1S54. He came to Lakewood w^hen 
thirteen years of age. and subsequently attended Peddle 
Institute at Hightsown for two yearsr. He is related, 
through his mother's family, to the late Horace Greeley, 
from whom he gets his middle name. After leaving Peddie 
Institute he attended the Eastman Business College at 
Poughkeepsie. N. Y.. from which he was graduated in 1870. 
The next two years he spent learning the practical part of 
the dry goods business at his old home in Clinton, Mass. 
In 1872 he engaged in the dry goods business in Lakewood. 
His enterprise and business tact made him successful from 
the first, and he is now at the head of the largest dry 
goods establishment in Ocean county, and one of the 
largest in that section of the State. The business block 
rebuilt by him some years ago contains three of the lead- 
ing stores in the town, besides his own ana the Park View- 
House. This is only one of the several evidences of Mr. 
Smith's public spirit and enterprise in one of the most 
attractive villages in the State. 

Mr. Smith was elected to the House of Assembly in 1884 
and 1885 by the largest majority ever received for that 
oflTice in Ocean county. During his first year in the Assem- 
bly he was Chairman of the Committee on Deaf and Dumb 
Asylum, and a member of the Committees on Fisheries and 
Commerce and Navigation. In 1886 he was Chairman of the 
Committees on Riparian Rights and Education, and a 
member of the Committees on Industrial Schools and Fish- 
eries. He is at present a member of the Board of Trustees, 
and Chairman of the Property Committee of Peddie Insti- 
tute. Vice-President of the Lakewood Trust Company, and 
President of the Lakewood Republican Club. In 1892 he 



250 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was elected lo the Senate ]>y a much larger majority than 
was ever given to any candidate for that office up to that 
time, over one of the most popular opponents ever nomi- 
nated by the Democratic party. Agdin, in 1898, he was 
elected by a still larger majority— 1,349— in fact, the largest 
ever given to a candidate for the Legislature in Ocean 
county. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
I^abor and Industries, Passed Bills and Unfinished Busi- 
ness, and as a member of the Committees on Riparian 
Rights and School for Deaf-Mutes. 

1S95— Engle, Rep., 2,475; Irons, Dem., 1,299; Lippincott, 
Pro., 155. Engle's plurality, 1,176. 

1898— Smith, Rep., 2,679; Rogers, Dem., 1,330; Simpson, 
Pro., 120. Smith's plurality, 1,349. 



Passaic County. 

(Population, 155,202.) 
WOOD McKEE. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Senator McKee was born in Paterson, N. J., November 
10th, 1866, and Is a lawyer by profession. He has always 
been connected with the Republican party since he had a 
vote, either as a worker or a member of the leading com- 
mittees. He is very well known throughout Passaic county, 
and at the elections in 1897 and 1898, when he was chosen 
as an Assemblyman, he was the highest man on his ticket. 
For eight years he has been a member of the Passaic 
County Republican Executive Committee, and was Vice- 
Chairman of the Campaign Committee when John W. 
Griggs was elected Governor and subsequently when the 
late Garret A. Hobart was chosen Vice-President of the 
United States. He never held a public office before he was 
elected to the Assembly. During his two years' service in 
the House he was a member of leading committees and 
always took an active part in legislation. He was elected 
to the State Senate by a plurality of 3,185 over Van Cleve, 
Democrat. 

1897- Braun, Dem., 11,276; Williams; Rep., 9,084; Pretty- 
man, Pro., 266; Duff, Soc.-Lab., 941. Braun's plurality, 2,192. 

1900— McKee, Rep.. 15,783; Van Cleve, Dem., 12,598; Forfar, 
Pro., 247; Schmidt, Soc.-Dem., 319; Butterwort-h. Soc.-Lab., 
355. McKee's plurality, 3,185. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 251 

Salem County. 

(Population, 25,530.) 

RICHARD C. MILLER. 

(Rep., Alloway.) 

Senator Miller, who is a son of the late ex-Sheriff Samuel 
W. Miller, was born at Alloway, N. J., March 28th, 1848. 
He is in the lumber, coal and fertilizer business, which he 
undertook, as successor to his father, in 1876. He has lived 
in Alloway all his life, and he never held public office until 
he was elected to the Senate. He had been repeatedly 
solicited to accept office, and always refused until, through 
the irresistible pressure of his friends, he consented to 
stand for the State Senate in 1896, when he was elected by 
the largest majority in the history of Salem county. In 1899 
he was re-elected, after a spirited campaign, by a plurality 
of 64, over Strimple, one of the most popular and strongest 
Democrats in the county. 

Last year he ser\-ed as Chairman of the Committees on 
Elections, Federal Relations and School for Deaf-Mutes, 
and as a member of the Committees on Labor and Indus- 
tries and Unfinished Business. 

1896— Miller, Rep., 3,761; Riley, Dem.. 2,768; Lecroy, Pro., 
245. Miller's plurality, 993. 

1899— Miller, Rep., 3,074; Strimple, Dem., 3,010; Lindzey, 
Pro., 267. Miller's plurality, 64. 



Somerset County. 

(Population, 32,948.) 

CHARLES ARTHUR REED. 

(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Senator Reed was born at Fort Wayne, Ind., December 
4th, 1857, and is a lawyer by profession. He was educated 
in the public schools and entered Rutgers College in the 
Class of 1878. He lived on a farm from 1866 to 1882, when he 
was admitted to the bar of New Jersey. He was appointed 
a Special Examiner U. S. Pension Bureau in 1883 and served 
as such until July, 1885. He has served as Corporation 
Counsel of the borough of North Plainfield from 1888 until 
the present time. He stands high in his profession and 
enjoys a large practice in Somerset and Union counties. 
He is President of the Someispt County Bar Association, 



2r.2 inOGRAPHlES. 

and was one of tht^ lii'st trustfos of the New Jersey State 
Bar Association. At the election in 1895 his home, North 
Plainfield, {<ave him the largest majority ever given in that 
town to any candidate on any ticket, and he was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 587. At the election in 1896 
the whole force of the opposition was concentrated against 
him as a candidate for the Senate, when his own town gave 
him an increased majority over the year before, which was 
unprecedented. His plurality in the county was 1,390. 
Again in 1899 he demonstrated his popularity when he was 
re-elected to the Senate by a plurality of 1,007 over his 
Democratic opponent, former Speaker James J. Bergen. 
Since 1899 the Senator has been Chairman of the Somerset 
County Republican Executive Committee. In 1899 he was 
President of the Senate, when he discharged the duties of 
that office in a most able, dignified and impartial manner, 
making a record for himself which had not been surpassed 
by any of his predecessors. 

Last year he served as Chairman of the Committees on 
Boroughs and Townships, Militia and State Library, and 
as a member of the Committees on Corporations, Revision 
of Laws and Treasurer's Accounts. 

1896— Reed, Rep., 4,148; Cramer, Dem., 2,758; Vanderveer, 
Nat. Dem., 186; Barrett, Pro., 122. Reed's plurality, 1,390. 

1899— Reed, Rep., 3,706; Bergen, Dem., 2,699; Lunger, Pro., 
179. Reed's plurality, 1,007. 



Sussex County. 

(Population, 24,134.) 

LEWIS J. MARTIN. 

<Dem., Newton.) 

Senator Martin is a lawyer by profession, and w^as born 
near Deckertown, Sussex county, N. J., February 22d, 1844. 
He was chief clerk in the County Clerk's office of Sussex 
county during the latter part of his father's (James J. 
Martin's) term, and until his decease In January, 1869. 
when he was appointed by the Governor and commissioned 
as Clerk to serve the unexpired term of his father, which 
terminated in the fall of that year. Senator Martin was a 
member of the House of Assembly in 1879, 1880 and 1881, and 
he was Law Judge of Sussex county from 1881 until 1896. 
when he was succeeded by James F. Conklin, Republican, 
who was appointed by Governor Griggs. He has been the 
attorney of the Board of Freeholders of Sussex countv 



BIOGRAPHIES. 253 

since May. 1896. He was elected a member of the Town 
Committee of the town of Newton in March, 1896. for a 
term of three years, and was Chairman of that committee 
during- that year. He was elected to the Senate in 1897. to 
succeed Senator Gould, Republican, by a plurality of 281 
over Daniel Bailey, Republican, and in 1900 he was re- 
elected over Margerum. Republican, by a plurality of 92. 
In 1899 and 1900 he was the leader of his party on the floor of 
the Senate. Last year he served on the Committees on 
Boroughs and Townships, Judiciary. Education, State Hos- 
pitals, Clergy and Printing. 

1897— Martin, Dem., 2.833; Bailey, Rep.. 2,552; Sanford, 
Pro., 166. Martin's plurality, 281. 

1900— Martin. Dem., 3,170; Margerum, Rep.. 3,078; Roe. 
Pro., 128; Rosewall, See. -Dem., 50. Martin's plurality, 92. 



Union County. 

(Population, 99,353.) 
JOSEPH CROSS. 
(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Senator Cross was born near Morristown. N. J., Decem- 
ber 29th, 1843. He graduated from Princeton University in 
the class of 1865. Immediately thereafter he began the 
study of law in the office of William J. Magie, Esq. He also 
took a course of lectures at Columbia College Law School, 
and was admitted to practice as an attorney-at-law in 
June, 1868. and as a counselor in 1871. Upon his admission 
to the bar he was taken into partnership by his preceptor, 
under the firm name of Magie & Cross, which relation ex- 
isted until 1880, when Mr. Magie was appointed one of the 
Justices of the Supreme Court. Mr. Cross has resided in 
Elizabeth since the spring of 1858. and has always been a 
staunch Republican. In 1888 he was appointed Judge of the 
District Court of the city of Elizabeth, but in common with 
all of the other Republican District Court Judges of the 
State, was legislated out of office in April. 1891. 

Mr. Cross was elected a member of the Assembly from 
Union county in the fall of LS93, and again in 1894. When 
Speaker Holt resigned the chair. May 26th. 1894, Mr. Cross 
was chosen his successor for the remainder of the session. 
In 1895 he was re-elected Speaker by the unanimous vote of 
his Republican colleagues. In November, 1898, he was 
elected Senator, to fill the vacancy caused l)y the resigna- 



25i BIOGRAPHIES. 

tion of Senator Voorhees, who had been nominated as the 
Republican candidate for Governor. 

He was re-elected to the Senate for a full term in 1899 by 
a plurality of 2,471, being an increase of 491 over that of the 
previous year. Last year he served as Chairman of the 
Committees on Public Health, Revision of the Laws and 
Industrial School for Girls, and as a member of the Com- 
mittees on Elections and Reform School for Boys. 

1898- Cross, Rep., 9,054; Ford, Dem., 7,074; Brookfield, 
Pro., 259; Miller, Lab., 495. Cross' plurality, 1,980. 

1899— Cross, Rep., 8,704; Hillman, Dem., 6,233; Massett, 
Pro., 320; Burns, Soc.-Lab., 321. Cross' plurality, 2,471. 



Warren County. 

(Population, 37,781.) 

JOHNSTON CORNISH. 

(Dem., Washington.) 

Senator Cornish was born at Bethlehem, Hunterdon 
county, N. J., in 1857. He is the junior partner in the well- 
known firm of Cornish & Co., manufacturing the Cornish 
American pianos and organs, at Washington, N. J., one of 
the largest concerns in the State and the only manufactur- 
ers of pianos and organs in the country who sell to the 
consumer direct without the intervention of agents and 
middlemen. The instruments manufactured by this old- 
established firm are not only sold extensively in this coun- 
try, but Cornish & Co. enjoy a large and unique foreign 
trade. The products of their great factories are shipped to 
every part of the habitable globe, North and South Amer- 
ica, the West Indies, North, South, East and West Africa, 
Australia and New Zealand, the East Indies, China, Japan, 
Corea, Russia, Iceland, Norway and Sweden; in fact, there 
is no country in which the Cornish product is not found and 
appreciated. This enterprising firm are also large export- 
ers to Great Britain and Ireland. 

Senator Cornish was Mayor of Washington in 1884, '85 
and '86. In 1890 he was elected to the State Senate by a 
handsome majority, and before his full term expired he 
resigned to qualify himself ^s a Member of Congress, to 
which office he was chosen in 1892. Mr. Cornish has ever 
been an active and enthvisiastic Democrat and has always 
taken an intei-est in his party, having been a member of 
the State Committee for a number of years. In 1899 he was 
again elected to represent Warren county in the State 



BIOGRAPHIES. 255 

Senate by a plurality of 1G75 over the Republican candidate. 
I>ast year the Senator served on the Committees on Elec- 
tions, Game and Fisheries, Militia and Sinking Fund. 

1S96— Barber, Dem., 5,079; Cramer, Rep., 5,949; McKinstry, 
Pro., 370. Barber's plurality, 1,130. 

1899— Cornish, Dem., 4,335; Nunn, Rep., 2,660; Dufford, 
Pro., 299. Cornish's plurality, 1,675. 



Summary. 

Senate— Republicans.. 17 Democrats 4=21 

House — Republicans... 45 Democrats 15=60 

62 19 81 

Republican majority on joint ballot, 43. 



When Reg-ular Senatorial Elections Occur. 

In 1901— Cumberland, Atlantic, Ocean, Mercer, Bergen 
and Morris, now represented by Republicans, and Hudson, 
now represented by a Democrat— 7. 

In 1902— Essex, Monmouth, Union, Somerset, Gloucester. 
Salem and Camden, now represented by Republicans, and 
Warren, now represented by a Democrat— 8. 

In 1903— Burlington, Middlesex, Passaic and Cape May, 
now represented by Republicans, and Hunterdon and Sus- 
sex, now represented by Democrats— 6. 

The Senators who v/ill be elected in 1901 will have no vote 
for United States Senator unless a vacancy occurs in that 
office during their terms of service. Those who will be 
elected in 1902 and 1903 will each have a vote for United 
States Senator to succeed John Kean, whose term will ex- 
pire on March 3, 1905. 



HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY. 



Atlaniic County. 

CHARLES T. ABBOTT. 
(Rep., Mays Landing.) 
Mr. Abbott was born in Atlantic county, N. J., December 
27th, 1S49, and is a lawyer by profession. He was formerly 
a farmer. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plural- 
ity of 3,457 over Veal, the Democratic candidate. Last year 



25C BIOGRAPHIES. 

he served on the Committees on Miscellaneous Business, 
Towns and Townships, and Printing. 
Abbott, Rep., 6.062; Veal, Dem., 2,605; Blake, Pro., 2^i. 



Berg-en County. 

JOSEPH H. TII.I.OTSON. 

(Rep., Englewood.) 

Mr. Tillotson was born in New York citj'. May 12, 18.55. 
and for twenty-two years has been the proprietor of a 
newspaper in Englewood. He founded the Englewood 
Press in March, 1890, and ever since has been editor and 
proprietor of that paper. At the age of thirteen years he 
entered a printing office and he has been at the same busi- 
ness ever since. He never held a public office until he was 
elected to the Assembly, although he has been identified 
with public matters in Englewood for the past twenty 
years. He is a director of the Englewood Lyceum Com- 
pany, of the Englewood Loan and Building Association, 
Citizens' Bank and Englewood Fire Association, and he 
is a member of the Englewood Incorporation Committee, 
of Company F, Second Battalion, National Guard, and of 
the I. O. O. F., and also of other associations. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,179 over Bush, 
the highest candidate on the Democratic Assembly ticket. 

JAMES WRIGHT MERCER. 

(Rep., Lodi.) 

Mr. Mercer was born at Earlston, Scotland, May 10, 1866. 
and is a coal dealer. He was a member of the Borough 
Councfi for three years— 1896 to 1899— and of the Board of 
Freeholders from 1899 to the present time. He was elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,459 over Bush, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic Assembly ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Tillotson .... 8,785 Bush 6,606 

Mercer 9,065 Ditman 6,572 

Prohibition— Ramsey, 187; Bogert, 202. 
Soc. -Democrat— Dobbelaar, 187; Herr, 177. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 257 

Burlington County, 

CHARLES WRIGHT. 
(Rep.. Columbus.) 
Mr. Wright was born on December 19th, 1849, on the farm 
on which he now resides, and which has been owned by 
the family for three generations. It is situated in Mans- 
field township, about two miles from ihe village of Colum- 
bus. Besides being a farmer, he is a dealer in cattle. He 
received as good an education as was obtainable from the 
schools in that vicinity, and then completed his studies as 
a student for two years at the Westtown boarding-school, 
controlled by the Society of Friends. Being the last re- 
maining son of a large family, he was obliged then to 
return to the farm to assist his father during the spring, 
summer and fall. He began teaching school when twenty 
years of age, and for seven winters he continued in the 
work. For over twenty-seven years he has been interested 
in the handling of different grades of cattle, and in this 
business has been quite successful. Since before he was a 
voter Mr. Wright has been actively identified with the 
politics of Mansfield township, and has served upon the 
Township Committee, having been elected thereto in 1877, 
and again in 1878 and 1879. In the last-mentioned year he 
served as Treasurer of the township. He served as School 
Trustee for five years, during the last two of which he was 
District Clerk. In the spring of 1899, he was elected to the 
presidency of the DeCou Brothers Company, manufactur- 
ers and jobbers in boots and shoes in Philadelphia, to fill 
a vacancy caused by death. He has been connected with 
that company since its incorporation in 1892. He was re- 
elected to the Assembly for a fourth term, by a plurality 
of 2.776 over Jennings, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic Assembly ticket. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committee on Agriculture, and as a member of the 
Committees on Incidental Expenses. Ways and Means, 
Federal Relations, and Reform School for Boys. 

JOHN G. HORNER. 

(Rep., Palmyra.) 

Mr. Horner was born on his father's farm near Penns- 

ville, Camden county, N. J., November 17th, 1872, and is a 

lawyer by profession. He is now attorney for Palmyra 

township, which is the only office he ever held before his 

election to the Assembly. He is a son of the late Judge 

17 



25S BIOGRAPHIES. 

Asa l\ lloriier of Camden county. He atten<l<;<l the itublic 
schools; Farnum Preparatory School at Beverly, N. J.: 
South Jersey Institute at Bridgeton, N. J., and was grad- 
uated in June, 1890. He was graduated from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in June, 189.3. He studied law with 
I-mdley M. Garrison and Lewis Starr, at Camden, N. J., 
was admitted to the bar as an attorney in June, 1895, and 
as a counselor in June, 1898. His offices are at Camden and 
Palmyra. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 2,811 over Jennings, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic Assembly ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Horner 8,389 Gash ,5,404 

Wright 8,354 Jennings 5,578 

Prohibition— Bo wker, 473; Haines, 477. 



Camden County. 
WILLIAM J. BRADLEY. 
(Rep., Camden.) 
Mr. Bradley was born in Wicomico county, Md., May 6th, 
1852, and is a mechanical engineer. He came from Mary- 
land to Wilmington, Del., in 1870. and thence to Camden in 
1873, where he has since resided. He is connected with 
many business enterprises in Camden and vicinity. He 
was elected to the Camden City Council in 1892, was legis- 
lated out of office in 1893, when he was re-elected for a full 
term of two years. He was President of Council from 
1893 to 1894. He was a delegate to the National Republican 
Convention held at Philadelphia in 1900. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly for a fourth term— something unusual in 
Camden county— by a plurality of 8,676 over Kraft, the 
highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
was Chairman of the Committee on Municipal Corpora- 
tions and a member of the Committees on Railroads and 
Canals and Reform School for Boys. 

GEORGE A. WAITE. 

(Rep.. Camden.) 

Mr. Waite is a native of Massachusetts, having been 

born in Chicopee, in that State, June 21, 1864. When he 

was but a few years old his parents moved to Westfield. 

Mass., and in that town he spent his youth, taking the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 250 

usual course of stii^dy iu the public schools. After spending 
some years as a traveling salesman, in 18S9 he became a 
reporter on the Philadelphia Times, anci quickly demon- 
strated his ability as a news-gatherer and pungent writer. 
In 1891 he became a member of the city staff of the Phila- 
delphia Call, was made city editor in 1892 and editor-in-chief 
of the paper in 1898, retaining that position until the sus- 
pension of the Call in November, 1900. Mr. Waite has been 
a resident of Camden county since 1894, and resides in the 
Eleventh ward, formerly a part of the town of Stockton. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 8,709 over 
Kraft, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

EPHRAIM TOMLINSON GILL. 
(Rep., Haddonfield.) 
Mr. Gill was born at Haddonfield, N. J., March 14th, 1861, 
and is in the real estate business, and is aiso a breeder of 
thoroughbred stock on the Haddon Farms. He was elected 
to the Board of Chosen Freeholders of Camden county for 
the first time in the spring of 1890, and again in 1891. He 
was also elected in 1894, and has been a member continu- 
ously since that time. In 1900 he was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 8,641 over Kraft, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Agriculture, Passed Bills, and School 
for Deaf Mutes. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Bradley 16,055 Kraft 7,389 

Gill 16,030 Cheesman 7,330 

Waite 16,098 Moore 7,321 

Prohibition— Bowden, 557; Mazier, 552; Rhoads, 552. 
Social-Democrat— Enlenstein, 215; MuUer, 215; Schoettbe, 
215. 



Cape May County. 

LEWIS M. CRESSE. 

(Rep., Ocean City.) 

Mr. Cresse was born at Iwainton, Cape May county. 
N. J., September 12th. 1867. and is a broker and president 
of the Pleasant Mills Paper Manufacturing Company. H"e 
is president of the Ocean City Board of Trade and is serv- 
ing a second term as a member of the Board of Education 
of that city. He is also treasurer of the Citizens' Water 



2(;() P.IOORAI'IIIIOS. 

('(imi)any and managiM- of the Ocean City office of the Cen- 
tral Trust Company. Mr. Cresse was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 1,184, which was the largest ever given 
to any candidate in that county. 
Cresse, Rep.. 2.228; Schmidt, Dem., 1,044; Shaw. Pro., 186. 



Cumberland County. 

JESSE S. STEELMAN. 
(Rep., Millville.) 
Mr. Steelman was born at Tuckahoe. N. J., April 21st. 
1872, and is a glassblower. He attended school in the 
neighborhood of his birthplace, and finished his education 
in the public night schools of Millville. At the age of ten 
years he began his trade as a glassblower. He is an active 
member of the American Flint Glassblowers' Association 
of the United States and Canada, and for four years he 
has represented his local branch in the National Conven- 
tions. He never held public office until he was elected to 
the Assembly in 1898, although he has always taken an 
active interest in politics and every question of importance 
that concerned the general good of the people. Mr. Steel- 
man is a contributing member of the Methodist Church of 
Millville. He was elected to the Assembly for a third term 
by a plurality of 2,631 over Swing, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. Last year he served as Chairman 
of the Committee on Boroughs and Borough Commissions, 
and as a member of the Committees on Corporations, 
Game and Fisheries, and School for Deaf Mutes. 

WILLIAM J. MOORE. 
(Rep., Bridgeton.) 

Mr. Moore was born at Franklinville. N. J., August 31st. 
1851, and is the proprietor of Moore's Opera House, Bridge- 
ton. He was formerly in the retail hat and shoe business. 
His grandfather. Joel Moore, then of Deerfield. represented 
Cumberland county in the House of Assembly in 1850 and 
'51. He was a member of the Board of Chosen Freeholders 
of Cumberland, from March 1st. 1890, to March 1st. 1896, 
having been elected for two terms of three years each. On 
March 1st, 1897, he was elected in the First ward of Bridge- 
ton to the City Council for a term of three years. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,592 over 
Swing, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

Last year he served on the Committees on Banks and In- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 261 

surance, Labor and Industries, Commerce and Navigation 
and Soldiers' Home. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Steelman 6.695 Swing- 4,064 

Moore 6,656 Hudson 4,063 

Prohibition— Day, 686: Sharp. 606. 



Essex County. 
JOSEPH HENRY BACHELLER. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Bacheller was born in Newark, N. J., February 1st, 
1869, and is in the real estate business. In April, 1897, he 
was elected Alderman from the Ninth w^ard in Newark and 
was re-elected in 1899 for another term of two years. He 
is the leader on the Republican side in the Board of Alder- 
men. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
18.950 over Shann. the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. Last year Mr. Bacheller served on the Committees 
on Revision of Law^s and "Ways and Means, and was 
Chairman of the Committee on State Library. 

WILLIAM B. GARRABRANTS. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Garrabrants was born in Washington Heights. New 
York, on April 2d. 1854. and is a son of the late William B. 
Garrabrants. who was born in the same State in 1799. He 
comes of good old Holland Dutch stock on his father's 
side. One of his uncles died on the English prison ship in 
New York harbor. His mother was born in Lowham, 
Somersettshire, England, of English parents. He began 
business at the age of twenty, first dealing in butter and 
then doing a general grocery business, which he conducted 
at 231 Plane street, Newark, for sixteen years. He then 
disposed of his business and took the management of the 
Standard Brick Company. Mr. Garrabrants has always 
been an ardent Republican, in spite of an uncongenial 
political atmosphere at home, all the male members of his 
family being strong Democrats. He has been a member of 
the Halsey Street M. E. Church for many years, and is 
Vice-President of the First Ward Republican Club and a 
member of St. Albans Lodge. No. 68. F. & A. M. He is 
also an enthusiastic wheelman. He entered actively in 



262 BIOGRAPHIES. 

politics through the urgent request of his friends that he 
become a candidate for Alderman in the spring of 1897. He 
consented, and was elected by 52 majority. The following 
spring the Democrats carried the ward by 18 majority. 
In 1899 he was renominated and re-elected by 370 majority. 
Mr. Garrabrants was elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 18,939 votes over Shann', the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

JOHN HOWE. 

(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Howe was born in the Fifth ward of Newark 
thirty two-j^ears ago, where the family have resided 
for over half a century. He is engaged in the 
express business, operating the People's Newark and 
New York Express. He received his education in 
the public schools of Newark, has always been an active 
party worker, and is a member of the Essex County Re- 
publican Committee, Kane Lodge, No. 55, F. & A. M., and 
other organizations. He was elected to the Assembly by 
a plurality of 19,020 over Shann, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. 

ROBERT W. BROWN. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Brown was born in the city of Newark thirty- 
seven 3''ears ago, where he received his education 
in the public schools and the New Jersey Business 
College. He served a four years' apprenticeship at 
hat finishing, but had to abandon the trade because 
it did not agree with his health. He then went into 
the hardware business, and has been a salesman in the 
well-known hardware house of Bannister & Pollard for the 
past ten years. He has represented the Sixth ward in the 
Board of Education for two years. He is a member of St. 
John Lodge, No. 1. F. & A. M., and a number of social 
organizations. Mr. Brown was elected to the Assembly by 
a plurality of 19,074 over Shann, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. 

RALPH B. SCHMIDT. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Schmidt was born in Jersey City. N. J., on March 
20th, 1868. He moved to Newark in 1872 and has been a resi- 
dent there ever since. He is engaged in the plumbing, 
steam and gas fitting business and also as a sheet metal 
worker, at 152 Ferry street and 62 Ann street. He is a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 263 

member of the following organizations: Northern Lodge. 
No. 25. F. & A. M.; Improved Order Heptasophs, Newark 
City Conclave; Royal Arcanum. Alamo Council, 1749: M. 
G. V. Concordia. Newark City Republican Club, Fourth 
Ward Republican Club, East End Republican Club, Equita- 
ble Bowling Club, the Bellwood Pleasure Club and others. 
He has never held public office before. He was elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 19.146 over Shann, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

EDWARD E. GNICHTEL. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Gnichtel was born in Newark, N. J., on April 25th, 
1S69. and is a manufacturer of brushes. This is the first 
public office he has held, although he has been in politics 
for some years. Frequently he has refused to become a 
candidate for office. For six years he has been a member 
of the Essex County Executive Committee, and he is a 
leader of his party in the Thirteenth ward of Newark. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,959 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

WILLIAM G. SHARWELL. 
(Rep., Newark.) 
Mr. Sharwell was born on the 23d of March, 1S5T. in the 
Eleventh ward of Newark, and has been a resident of it 
ever since. He attended the public schools of the city of 
Newark until seventeen years of age, and was then ap- 
prenticed to the carpenter trade and worked at that until 
he started in the building business in the year 1882. He 
has been engaged in that business continually since that 
time, and has executed a great many public contracts. He 
is a member of Kane Lodge. No. 55, F. & A. M. : Roseville 
Council, No. 992. Royal Arcanum; Newark Lodge, No. 31, 
A. O. L'. W. ; Roseville Conclave. No. 251, Improved Order 
Heptasophs; Roseville A. A., the Lincoln Club, and is Vice- 
Chairman of the Eleventh Ward Executive Committee. 
This is the first time he has been a candidate for public 
office, although he has always taken a very active part in 
politics as a working Republican. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 18,999 over Shann, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

EDGAR WILLIAMS. 

(Rep., East Orange.) 

Mr. Williams was born in Orange, Essex county, in 1863. 

and is the youngest of four sons (all Republicans) of the 



264 P.IOGRAPH1ES. 

late Leander Williams, of honored memory in Orange, 
v/here he was a leading citizen and stalwart Republican. 
He received his education in the public schools of that city 
and at Phillips Academy. Exeter, N. H. In 1885 he purchased 
the Orange Journal from the late Samuel Toombs, Clerk 
of the Assembly in 1885-6. In 1890 he purchased the South 
Orange Bulletin, both of which papers he now conducts. 
He was Engrossing Clerk of the Assembly in 1894-5, and of 
the Senate in 1896-7-8-9. During the years Mr. Williams 
filled those positions, especially in the Assembly, there was 
probably more work for the engrossing department than 
in any previous year, and during the deadlock of 1895 all 
bills were engrossed in duplicate. Mr. Williams took an 
active interest in politics early in life, and was a worker 
at the polls in the old First ward of Orange before he was 
of age. He moved to East Orange in 1887 and continued 
his active interest in political affairs there, so that in 1895 
he was elected to the Chairmanship of the East Orange 
Republican Executive Committee, and has been successful 
in conducting the work of the organization in that Repub- 
lican stronghold. He is a member of the Essex County 
Republican Committee, East Orange Republican Club, 
Orange Council, Royal Arcanum; Hope Lodge, No. 124, 
F. & A. M. ; Society of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, and New England Society. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 18,906 over Shann, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

FREDERICK CUMMINGS. 
(Rep., West Orange.) 

Mr. Cummings was born in Bernardsville, Somerset 
county, N. J., in 1845. He started to learn the trade of hat 
making with the firm of Clarkson & Son. of South Orange. 
Later he was employed by the hat firm of Venino & Heike, 
of Mitchell street. Orange, whom he afterward bought out 
and then started in business for himself. For five years 
Mr. Cummings served West Orange as Township Commit- 
teeman and Treasurer, succeeding Robert Drew in the 
latter office. His management of the township funds was 
highly commended. In 1892 he ran for Assembly, but had 
to contend with the Democratic landslide of that year. Mr. 
Cummings is a veteran of the late Civil War. with a record 
that he may well be proud of. During the famous battle 
of Fort Fisher he was a member of the crew of the man-of- 
war Monticello. commanded by Captain Cushing. which 
engaged the Confederate ram Albemarle and vanquished 



BIOGRAPHIES. 265 

her. Mr. Cummings distinguished liimself during the en- 
gagement for his bravery. His hat manufacturing business 
is conducted under the firm name of Frederick Cummings. 
Son & Co., and is located on South Jefferson street, Orange 
Valley. He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
1S,763 over Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. 

ROBERT M. BOYD, Jr. 

(Rep., Montclair.) 

Mr. Boyd was born in Montclair, N. J., May 5th, 1863. His 
great-grandfather on his mother's side was Israel Crane, 
who resided in Newark and Montclair (then West Bloom- 
field) in the early part of the century, and was often spoken 
of as "King Crane." Many of the old residents of Essex 
county will remember his name. Mr. Boyd's family have 
lived in Montclair ever since. Mr. Boyd attended the public 
school in Montclair for ten years, and graduated from the 
Montclair High School as valedictorian of his class. He 
entered Yale at the age of seventeen, and after taking a 
Latin prize, a high oration junior appointment, and the 
Cobden Club medal, was graduated in 1884, being appointed 
on the list of commencement speakers. After leaving col- 
lege he attended the Columbia Law School, graduating in 
1886 with the degree of LL.B. At the same time he took 
his degree as Master of Arts from the Columbia School of 
Political Science. He then became a clerk in the office of 
Davies, Cole & Rapallo, of New York. The following year 
he entered the service of the Title Guarantee and Trust 
Company, and continued with them until January 1st, 1889, 
when he became a member of the law partnership of Mur- 
phy, Lloyd & Boyd, which connection lasted until Novem- 
ber, 1899. Since that time he has been practicing without 
partners. He is a member both of the New York and New' 
Jersey bar, is a member of the New York Bar Associa- 
tion, and has a general practice. He has niever held public 
office except as trustee of the Montclair Free Public 
I^ibrary. He has been connected with some of the local 
clubs and political organizations. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 18.909 over Shann, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

WILLIAM ADGATE LORD. 

(Rep., Orange.) 

Mr. Lord was born in Jersey City, N. J.. October 7th, 1870, 
a)id is a son of the late Charles Douglas T^ord. He was 



266 B[OGRAPJIlJ<:S. 

graduated from the High School of Orange, N. J., in 1889, 
and entered the newspaper profession, writing for the 
Newark Daily Advertiser, the Newark Kveriing News, the 
New York Times, the New York Sun and other papers in 
tuin. He was appointed Clerk of the Orange District Court 
in 1896, a position which he resigned three years later to 
begin the practice of law, he having been admitted to the 
bar in February, 1899. Mr. I^ord was Second Lieutenant of 
Company H. Second Regiment, N. G. N. J., when the 
Spanish-American War broke out and he served in that 
capacity in the Second New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. He 
is Commander of Colonel Emerson H. Liscum Camp, No. 94, 
Spanish-American War Veterans, is Captain of the Mc- 
Kinley and Roosevelt Rough Riders of Orange, is a Past 
Archon of the Improved Order Heptasophs, and is a mem- 
ber of a number of other lodges and clubs. He has always 
been a Republican and a hard worker for his party. He 
was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 18,884 over 
Shann, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Bacheller 45,020 English 26,016 

Garrabrants 4-5,009 Schwarzwaelder .. 25,981 

Howe 45,090 Mooney 26,033 

Brown 45,144 Reilly 25.874 

Schmidt 45,216 Kelly 25,955 

Gnichtel 45,029 Nieder 25,987 

Sharwell 45,069 Wirth 25,908 

Williams 44,976 Shann 26,070 

Cummings 44,833 Mullen 25,959 

Boyd, Jr 44,979 Unangst 26,045 

Lord 44.914 Backus 25,955 

Prohibition— McKirgan, 560; Suell, 563; Berryman, 583; 
Bolsover, 563; Pollitt, 563; Smith, 564; Shaw, 563; Roff, 564: 
James, 563; Hopper, 563; De Hart, 557. 

Social-Labor— Goetz, 627; Wilson, 626; Rubovitz. 627; 
Hartung-, 626; Hokanson, 625; Dudley, 626; Mattick, 627: 
Rachel, 627; Johnson, 627; Walz, 627: Lundberg. 626. 

Social-Democrat— Fisher, 990: Ely, 991: Kruger. 993: Wil- 
liams, 992: Wind, 993; Linderstrom, 993; Oilman. 991: Zim- 
merman, 993; Hedden, 993; Frackenpohl, 993; Goebel, 993. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 267 

Gloucester County. 
WILLIAM P. BUCK. 
(Rep., Williamstown.) 

Mr. Buck was born in Philadelphia, December 21st, 1849, 
and is a cabinetmaker and undertaker. He settled at Wil- 
liamstown in December. 1866, worked on a farm and fol- 
lowed marketing- until August, 1870, when he became em- 
ployed as nurse at the Trenton State Hospital, where he 
served for four years. He then migrated to Illinois and 
served six months as Supervisor of the Southern Illinois 
Asylum, when he returned to New Jersey and worked for 
six months at the Morris Plains State Hospital. Again he 
was employed at the Trenton State Hospital, and served 
that institution for five years as upholsterer. He began 
business at Williamstown in March, 1884. He is Past Mas- 
ter of the Williamstown Lodg-e, No. 166, F. & A. M. ; Past 
Councilor of Silver Star Council, No. 26, Jr. O. U. A. M., 
and Past Sachem of Choctaw Tribe, I. O. R. M. He has 
been a School Trustee and a Justice of the Peace from 1895 
and until his election to the Assembly, when he resigned 
the office. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 1,674 over Sweeten, Democratic candidate. Last 
J' ear he served on the Committees on Miscellaneous Busi- 
ness, Public Health and State Prison, and as Chairman of 
the Committee on State Hospitals. 

Buck, Rep., 4,482; Sweeten, Dem., 2,808; Garrison, Pro., 332. 



Hudson County. 
LEON ABBETT. 
(Dem., Hoboken.) 

Mr. Abbett, the only surviving: son of the late Governor 
Abbett, was born in Jersey City, March 27th, 1867, and is an 
attorney and counselor-at-law. He received his early edu- 
cation in Hasbrouck Institute and Public School No. 3, of 
Jersey City, under Principal Beal. He attended the Jersey 
City High School, and graduated in the class of 1883. He 
then went to the Columbia Law School, from which he 
graduated in 1886, but was not then old enough to be ad- 
mitted to the bar, so he went abroad and studied for a year 
at the University of Berlin. 

On returning- to the United States, in 1888, he was ad- 
mitted as attorney and counselnr-at-law in New York, 



268 BIOGRAPHIES. 

beinj? then twenty-one years old. A few months later he 
was admitted to practice as attorney at the New Jersey 
l)ar, and three years suljsequently he became a counselor. 
Mr. Abbett acted as Private Secretary to Governor Abbett 
(luring- his second term, but never held an elective office 
until he was chosen for the Assembly in 1898. For two 
years he was Township Attorney for Weehawken and is 
now a Supreme Court Commissioner. Judge Kirkpatrick, 
of the United States District Court for New Jersey, re- 
cently appointed him Referee for Hudson county under the 
Bankruptcy act. Mr. Abbett has been practicing law in 
Hoboken since 1892, having offices in the Second National 
Bank Building. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a 
third term by a plurality of 6,959 over Voll, the highest 
candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Banks and Insurance, Game and 
Fisheries and State Library. 

PETER ANTHONY BROCK. 

(Dem.. Jersey City.) 

Mr. Brock was born in Jersey City, August 22d, 1870, and 
is a director in a mercantile corporation. He never held 
public office until he was elected to the Assembly in 1899. 
He was re-elected by a plurality of 6,804 over Voll, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Ways and Means and State 
Hospitals. 

PATRICK H. CONNOLLY. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Connolly was born in Jersey City. October 14lh. 1865. 
and is a contractor. He is connected with the M. T. Con- 
nolly Contracting Company, of which his brother is the 
head. He served two terms in the Jersey City Board of 
Aldermen, from 1890 to 1894. He was elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 6,399 over Voll, the highest candidate 
on the Republican ticket. 

JOHN A. DENNIN. 

(Dem.. Jersey City.) 

Mr. Dennin was born at Elizabethport. N. J.. April 18th. 
1S65, and is a lawyer by profession. This is the first time he 
has held public office. He removed to Jersey City in early 
childhood; was educated at St. Peter's College in that city; 
studied law in New York city; was admitted to the New 
York bar in March, 1SS6. and to the New Jersey bar in June 



BIOGRAPHIES. 269 

of the same year. He has practiced hifi profession ever 
since his admission, in Hudson county. He enjoys a large 
clientage and has been engaged as counsel for the defense 
in many of the important criminal cases in the Hudson 
county courts. He was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 6,810 over Voll, the highest candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

JOHN J. FALLON. 

(Dem.. Hoboken.) 

Mr. Fallon was born in New York city, December 19th, 
1870. When not quite one year old his parents moved to 
Hoboken, where he has since resided. He is a lawyer, hav- 
ing been admitted to the bar in June, 1895, as an attorney, 
and in November, 1899, as a counselor. His early educa- 
tion was received in St. Mary's Parochial School. Hoboken, 
from which he graduated. He then attended the public 
schools of Hoboken. graduating in 1885. He obtained em- 
ployment in a broker's office in New York city, where he 
remained but a short time, and then worked in a wholesale 
drug house for a year. He was afterward employed by the 
Western Union Telegraph Company as a messenger, and 
rapidly advanced to the position of receiving and delivery 
clerk in the Maritime Exchange office, which position he 
held until 1890, when he resigned because of ill health and 
a desire for outdoor employment. He then entered the 
employ of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of 
New York as an agent in the Hoboken district, which posi- 
tion he occupied for one year, when he was promoted to 
the position of assistant superintendent, which he held for 
four years. In 1892 he enrolled as a student in the Metrop- 
olis Law School, which has recently been merged with the 
I^niversity Law School of the City of New York, attending 
the evening sessions and graduating therefrom in 1895. 

Subsequent to his admission to the bar the officers of the 
insurance company offered him the position of superin- 
tendent, which offer was declined by Mr. Fallon, he having 
determined to practice law, and in February, 1896, he sev- 
ered his connection with the company and formed a co- 
partnership with ex-Judge William E. Skinner and ex- 
Assemblyman John J. Marnell. under the firm name of 
Skinner, Marnell & Fallon. This partnership continued for 
two years, when the same became dissolved. Mr. Marnell 
and Mr. Fallon thereafter formed a co-partnership under 
the firm name of Marnell & Fallon, and they have offices 
in the Second National Bank Building, Hoboken. Mr. Fal- 
lon has been active in politics for a number of years. He 



270 B10GRA1'HII-:S. 

was fleeted to the Assemblj' in WM by a plurality of 0,410 
over Wolmes(l(iif, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket, and he was re-elected by a plurality of 6,744 over 
Voll, the highest candidate on the Republican ticket. In 
every political campaign for the past six years his voice 
has been heard in advocacy of the Democratic party. He 
is affiliated with numerous societies, among which are Ho- 
boken T^odge, No. 74, Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks; Hoboken Council, No. 159, Knights of Columbus; 
C^ourt Castle Point, No. 54, Foresters of America; Robert 
Davis Association, and M. J. Coyle Association. Last year 
he served on the Committees on Riparian Rights and 
School for Deaf-Mutes. 

KILIAN V. LUTZ. 
(Dem., Guttenberg.) 

Mr. Lutz was born in Germany the 10th day of November, 
1859, and received his education in the public schools of his 
native town. In 1874 he came to this country, and in 1876 he 
enlisted in the regular army and was assigned to the 5th 
U. S. Cavalry. In 1877 he made application to be discharged 
for the purpose of entering the special service until 1878. 
At the expiration of that time he re-enlisted and served 
until 1881, when he was honorably discharged on a surgeon's 
certificate because of injuries received in the service. 

Mr. Lutz's entire military experience was in the line of 
active service, being stationed on the frontier, where he 
took part in the campaign against the Sioux Indians in 
1876; the Cheyennes in 1878 and '79, and the Utes in 1879-80. 

Upon leaving the army in 1881, Mr. Lutz went to Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., where he was engaged in the lumber business, 
and remained there until 1888. In 18S9 he moved to New 
Jersey, taking up his residence in Guttenberg, where he 
organized The Lutz Company, of w^hich he is President. 
This company is a corporation engaged in the manufacture 
of drawing instruments and artists' materials. Ever since 
taking up his residence in Guttenberg Mr. Lutz has taken 
an active interest in politics. In 1895 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education of Guttenberg for a term of 
one year; in the year 1897 he was again elected, and he is 
still a member of that body. He served as President of 
the Board during the years he was elected as a member. 

Although loath to assume any burdens in addition to his 
educational duties, in 1898, in response to an almost uni- 
versal demand, Mr. Lutz consented to be a candidate for 
the Town Council, to which office he was elected for a term 



BIOGRAPHIES. 211 

of two years. As a member of the Board of Education and 
Town Council, Mr. Lutz devoted all his energies to the 
securing of a new school house for Guttenberg— a most 
crying need. His entire career in these municipal bodies 
has been marked by a singleness of purpose; every other 
object has been made subservient to this one— the building 
of a new school house— and largely as a result of his untir- 
ing efforts its accomplishment is nearing fulfillment, as a 
sixteen-room brick structure is now^ rapidly nearing com- 
pletion. 

Mr. Lutz was elected a member of the Assembly by a 
majority of 6,606 over Voll, the highest candidate on the 
Republican ticket. 

MAURICE MARKS. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Marks w-as born in Jersey City, October 23d, 1871, and 
is an attorney and counselor-at-law both in New York and 
New Jersey. He was graduated at No. 1 Public School, 
Jersey City, in 18S4: at the Jersey City High School in 1888. 
and at the University of New- York in 1892 with the degree 
of LL.B. He has been counsel in many litigations. He is 
a member of numerous fraternal and benevolent organiza- 
tions, and of the Robert Davis Association, of Hudson 
county. He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third 
term by a plurality of 6,678 over Voll. the highest candidate 
on the Republican tick-^-t. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Claims and Pensions, Municipal Corporations 
and Federal Relations. 

EDWARD J. RICE. 

(Dem., Harrison.) 

Mr. Rice was born at Harrison. N. J., Juiy 1.3th, 18.53, and 
is engaged in the grocery business. When five years old 
he moved to Albany, N. Y., w^here he went to the public 
schools, and later to the Christian Brothers' Academy. 
When he returned to Harrison he became engaged in his 
present business. In 1875 he was Secretary of the Board of 
Education, and in 1876 was President of that body. He 
served nine terms in the Common Council, was five times 
its President, and he served three terms as Police Justice 
and Chief of Police. He has been actively identified with 
the People's Building and Loan Association for twenty- 
one years, and is a member of many social and business 
organizations. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 6,516 over Voll, the highest candidate on the 



272 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Rf'puljlicaii ticket. Last year he served on the (.'ommittees 
on Towns and Townships and Commerce and Navigation. 



PETER STJI.LWELL. 

(Dem., Bayonne.) 

Mr. Stillwell was born at White House, Hunterdon 
county, N. J., Aug-ust 22d, 1863, and is a lawyer by pro- 
fession. He was graduated from Rutgers College in the 
class of 1886. He studied law with Cortlandt and R. Wayne 
Parker, of Newark. N. J., and was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey in 1889. He then located at Bayonne. where he 
has practiced his profession ever since. He was elected a 
member of the Board of Education of Bayonne in 1896. and 
was re-elected in 1899. He served as President of the Board 
for two years. He was elected to the Assembly by a plu- 
rality of 6,750 over Voll, the highest candidate on the Re- 
publican ticket. 

GEORGE G. TENNANT. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) 

Mr. Tennant was born in Jersey City, February 1st, 1869, 
and has always lived there. He graduated from Public 
School No. 1, in Jersey City, and afterwards attended the 
High School, where he graduated in 1888. He afterwards 
attended Columbia College and graduated from the Law 
School of Columbia in 1891 with the degree of L.L.B. During 
the time he was in attendance at the Columbia Law School 
he was a law student in Jersey City and was admitted as an 
attorney of the New Jersey Bar in 1892, and as a counselor 
in 1895. Since he was admitted to the bar, Mr. Tennant has 
been active in the practice of the law. in 1897 he formed 
a partnership with the present Corporation Attorney. John 
^^'. Queen, the firm name being known as Queen & Ten- 
nant. Mr. Tennant stood second on the list of Assembly 
candidates in the election of November, 1899, when his plur- 
ality over Womelsdorf, the highest man on the Republican 
ticket, was 9,792. In the election of November, 1900, he stood 
first on the list of Assembly candidates, having 7,126 votes 
more than Voll, the highest man on the Republican ticket. 
William N. Parslow. the Democratic candidate for Coroner, 
had a total vote of 39,141. This was just ninety-seven votes 
more than Mr. Tennant, but his (Tennant's) plurality over 
the highest Republican candidate was 256 votes more than 
Mr. Parslow over Greenleaf. Last year he served on the 
Committee on Militia. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 273 

JOHN H. VOLLERS. 

(Dem., Jersey City.) - 

Mr. Vollers was born in New York city, February 7th. 
1N63. When he was two years old his parents moved to 
Jersey City. He was educated in Public School No. 11 of 
that city, and later entered the Hoboken Academy, where 
he took a full course. This is his third term in the Assem- 
bly. He was re-elected by a plurality of 6,766 over Voll, the 
highest candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Boroughs and Borough Com- 
missions, Labor and Industries, and Reform School for 
Boys. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Abbett 38,887 Andrews 31,247 

Brock 38,732 Harper 31,826 

Connolly 38,327 Angel 31,630 

Dennin 38. 738 Story 31,260 

Fallon 38,672 Taylor 31,248 

Lutz 38,534 Knox 31,232 

Marks 38,606 Voll 31,928 

Rice 38,444 Kelly 31,168 

Stillwell 38,678 Marks 31,267 

Tennant 39,054 Bogert 31,546 

Vollers 38.694 Krebs 31,548 

Prohibition— Gallagher, 340; Taylor, 352; Van Horn, 340: 
Mersheimer, .343; Seage, 341; Williams, 345; Bruden. 345; 
Woodruff, 347; Smith, 345; Hannah, 345; Sevin, 347. 

Social-Democratic— Kamps, Jr., 1.381; Theis, 1,376; Blech- 
schmidt, 1,386; Dickson, 1.392; Grueninger. 1,394; Prochnow, 
1,393; Retz, 1,393; Ufert, 1.393; Suerth, 1,392; Pein, 1,.393; Peter- 
son. 1,393. 

Social-Labor— Hosack, 478; Schrafft, 494; Mende, 494; 
Herrschaft, 502; Morhart, 503; Thuemmel, 503; Sweeney, 502; 
Schmid, 502; Wusthoff, 502; Wegener, 501; Widmayer, 500. 



Hunterdon County. 

OLIVER I. BLACKWELL. 

(Dem., Ringoes.) 

Mr. Blackwell was born in Raritan township, Hunterdon 
county, N. J., October M, 1857. and is a law^yer by profes- 
sion. He has always resided near Ringoes, and is Ihe 
18 



274 BIOGRAPHIES. 

owner of the old family homestead, comprising two hun- 
dred acres. He was educated at a seminary at Ringoes, and 
for four years studied law with ex-Senator Richard S. 
Kuhl, at Flemington. He was admitted to the bar at the 
November term, 1879, and has been in active practice since 
that time. In connection with his legal business he has 
followed land surveying. He is a member of Ringoes 
Grange, and also of Pomona Grange, No. 3, Hunterdon 
county. He has been a member of Powhatan Lodge, No. 
72, I. O. O. F., of Ringoes, for twenty-two years, during 
ten of which he acted as its Secretary. He has represented 
East Amwell township on the Hunterdon County Demo- 
cratic Executive Committee for twelve years, and is now 
Secretary of that body. Since he has been a voter he has 
always done his full share of party work as a speaker and 
otherwise. He is a member of the Executive Committee 
of the New Jersey State Association of Democratic Clubs. 
He has been attorney for Hunterdon county, and also a 
member of the County Board of Elections. He was elected 
to the Assembly for a third term by a plurality of 1,269 
over Maxwell, the highest candidate on the Republican 
ticket. Last year he served on the Committees on Appro- 
priations, Corporations, and State Prison. 

WARREN O. LAUDENBERGER. 
(Dem., Junction.) 

Mr. Laudenberger was born in Springtown, Bucks 
county. Pa., May 28th, 1861. When he was five years old 
his parents moved to South Bethlehem, Pa. In 1872 his 
family came to Junction. When he was nineteen years of 
age he entered the employ of Edward Humphrey, of Glen 
Gardner, remaining there until 1881, when for a year he 
lived in Philadelphia. In December, 1882, he re-entered the 
employ of Mr. Humphrey. In 1891 he returned to Junction, 
where he has since made his home. In September, 1900, he 
formed a co-partnership with George N. Knox, under the 
firm name of Knox & Laudenberger, at 32 Broadway, New- 
York, as wholesale coal dealers. 

He has always been an active worker in the Democratic 
party, and has attended many conventions as a delegate. 
In 1893 and in 1897, and again in 1898, he was chosen Secre- 
tary of the Countj^ Convention. From 1889 to 1893, inclusive, 
he was a member of the Democratic Executive Committee. 
He was First Assistant Engrossing Clerk of the Assembly 
in 1893, and received the caucus nomination of his party 
lor the same position in 1894. He was instrumental in se- 



BIOGRAPHIES. 275 

curing: the incorporation of Junction, and on December 
29th, 1894, was elected Secretary of the committee organized 
for the purpose. In 189-5 he was elected Assessor for Junc- 
tion Boroug-h for a term of three years, and re-elected in 
1S9S without opposition. He was Assistant Clerk of the 
County Board of Assessors in 1895 and '96, and Clerk of that 
Board in 1897, '98 and '99. 

He has been a member of Minerva Lodge, No. 60, I. O. 
O. F. , of Junction, for seventeen years, in which he is a 
Fast Grand, as well as present Permanent and Recording 
Secretary. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plural- 
ity of 1,195 over Maxwell, the highest candidate on the 
Republican ticket. Last year he served on the Committee 
on Railroads and Canals. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Laudenberger 5,083 Maxwell 3,888 

Blackwell 5,157 Alpaugh 3,872 

Prohibition— Hockenburg, 304; Sovereign, 304. 



Mercer County. 

J. WARREN FLEMING. 

(Rep., Titusville.) 

Mr. Fleming was born near the village of Harbourton, 
Hopewell township, Mercer county, N. J., January 31st, 
18.51. and is secretary and treasurer of the Titusville Fruit 
and Vegetable Canning Co. His father was of Scotch-Irish 
and his mother of German descent. Oii the death of his 
father in 1874 he moved to Titusville, and a few years later 
assumed the duties of his present occupation. He never 
held any office excepting as a member of the Board of Reg- 
istry and Election, before his election to the Assembly. 
He has been a member of Ashler Lodge. No. 176, F. & A. M., 
Trenton, for a number of years. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 5,694 over Schaffer, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served 
'>n the Committees on Labor and Industries, Militia. Fed- 
eral Relations, and Sinking Fund. 

GEORGE W. PAGE. 

(Rep., Trenton.) 

Mr. Page was l)orn in Trenton, N. J., April 2.Jth, 1861, 
and is a collector for the People's Brewing Company. He 



276 BIOGRAPHIES. 

v.as formerly an operative potter. He was elected a mem- 
ber of Ihe Mercer County Board of Freeholders in the 
spring of 1895 and re-elected in 1807 and 1899. He was 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of .j,:j85 over Schaffei . 
the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

FREDERICK P. REES. 
(Rep., Trenton.; 
Mr. Rees was born in England, June 28th, 1860, and for 
the past fourteen years has been foreman for the New 
Jersey Wire Cloth Co. He was formerly an iron-worker. 
Since he came to this country, in 1866, he has lived in the 
old Borough of Chambersburg. He received his education 
in the public schools of the old Borough and has lived in 
the Eleventh ward of Trenton for ten years. During the 
first year of his residence there he was tendered the nomi- 
nation for Council. From that ward he was elected to the 
Common Council in 1895, '97 and '99, each time for a two- 
year term. In 1884-85 he was a member of the Election 
Board in the Ninth ward when the sunset election law was 
in force. He is a member of the County Republican Com- 
mittee, this being his third term as such. He is also 
President of the John A. Roebling Republican Club. 
Treasurer of the Chambersburg Republican League, a 
member of the Germania Republican Club, of the IJeder- 
kranz Singing Society, of Column Lodge. 120, F and A. M., 
Meni Lodge, 217, I. O. O. F., and Assanpink Tribe. 86. 
Imp. O. R. M. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a 
plurality of 5,535 over Schaffer, the highest candidate on 
the Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the Com- 
mittees on Municipal Corporations, Unfinished Business, 
and Commerce and Navigation. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Fleming 13.632 Schaffer 7,938 

Page 13,473 Handford 7,674 

Rees 13,473 Smith 7,803 

Prohibition- Brown, 466; Sinclair, 467; Paul, 458. 
Social-Democrat— Carty, 358; "Weigel, 344; Pearson, .322. 

Middlesex County. 

ADRIAN LYON. 
(Rep., Perth Amboy.) 
Mr. Lyon was born at Pluckamin. Somerset county, 
N. J., July 25th, 1S69, and is a lawyer by profession. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 277 

hehinss to an old New Jersey family, his father, William 
I>. Lyon, having been born on his farm at Lyon's Station, 
near Basking- Ridge, Somerset county. He is a graduate 
of the New York Law School, of the class of 1894, having 
received the degree of LL.B. He was admitted to the bar 
of New Jersey in 1892. Previous to his admission he studied 
law with James S. Wight, of Perth Amboy. From May, 
1894. to September, 1895, he was Superintendent of Schools 
in Perth Amboy; was City Attorney from May, 1895, to 
May, 1898; Register of the Board of Proprietors of East 
Jersey from May. 1893, to date, and ser\'ed one year as 
attorney for Woodbridge township. Upon the reorganiza- 
tion of the Perth Amboy Savings Institution, after the 
failure of the Middlesex County Bank, Mr. Lyon was 
elected President of the former and now holds that office. 
He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,837 
over O'Hara, the highest candidate on the Democratic 
ticket. Last year he served as Chairman of the Committee 
on Labor and Industries, and as a member of the Commit- 
tees on Revision of Laws and State Library. 

HARVEY RAYMOND GROVES. 

(Rep., New Brunswick.) 

Mr. Groves was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., September 7th, 
1877, and is in the grocery business. He was formerly a 
salesman, a vocation which he beg-an at the age of sixteen. 
Three years ago he and his brother. C. A. Groves, opened 
the business of retail groceries and meats. He has always 
taken an active interest in politics. Mr. Groves is the 
youngest member of the present Assembly. He never be- 
fore held a political office. He was re-elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 1,948 over O'Hara. the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Claims and Pensions, Stationerj-, Passed 
Bills, and Reform School for Boys. 

JOHN EDGAR MONTGOMERY. 

(Rep., South Amboy.) 

Mr. Montgomery was born at Old Bridge. May 13th, 1844. 
and is a merchant. He was formerly a clerk. He served 
one year in the United States Navy during the Civil war 
and is a member of St. Stephen Lodge, F. and A. M. He 
was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 1,913 over 
O'Hara, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last year he served on the Committees on Agriculture, Bill 
Revision, and Printing. 



7S BIOORAPIIFES. 

TULO TOTAL \'()Ti:. 
llt'publuans. Democrats. 

I.yon fl,198 I.obfein 7,249 

Groves 9.309 O'Hara 7,361 

Montq-omery 9,274 Riva 7.23« 

Prohibition— Beyer, 203; Holsman, 208; Perry, 208. 
Social-Demoorat— Schwarz, 75; Sesko, 83. 



Monmouth County. 
SAMUEL W. KIRKBRIDE. 
(Rep., Asbury Park.) 
Mr. Kirkbride was born May 30th, 1848, at M . Holly, 
Burlington county, N. J., and is a contractor and builder. 
He spent his boyhood days in Mt. Holly, and received his 
education in the public schools of that place. At the age 
of fifteen years he enlisted in the Union army, to do battle 
against the South, but was prevented by his family from 
going- to the front. Twice afterward he re-enlisted, but 
each time he was thwarted by his family. From 186.5 to 
1869 Mr. Kirkbride was variously employed— as a newsboy 
on trains of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, as clerk, 
and as a carpenter's apprentice. Under his father he 
learned the trade of a carpenter, and so rapidly did he 
acquire a knowledge of the general work that in 1869 he 
was admitted into partnership with his father. He re- 
mained a member of the firm until 1871. He then began 
business on his own account, and in 1877 he formed a part- 
nership with Joseph B. Kirkbride. A year later they en- 
gaged in business in Asbury Park, where they built several 
large hotels. He was a member of the Neplvme Township 
Committee from 1884 to 1890, member of the jtJoard of Health 
for five years. Township Treasurer for three years, member 
of the Board of Education for six years, and member of 
Common Council of Asbury Park for ten years, and Presi- 
dent of the latter body in 1898. He was re-elected to the 
Assembly by a pluralitj' of 1,487 over Cliver, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served 
on the Committees on Railroads and Canals, Ways and 
Means, State Hospitals, and State Library. 

WILLIAM HYRES. 

(Rep., Freehold.) 

Mr. Hyres was born at Bennett's Mills. Ocean county, 
N. J., September 15th. 1866. and is a lawyer by profession. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 279 

He was formerly a school teacher. He was under-sheriff 
for Monmouth county for three years. He was re-elected 
to the Assembly by a plurality of 1.742 over Oliver, the high- 
est candidate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served on the Oommittees on Olaims and Pensions, Unfin- 
ished Business, and Commerce and Navigation. 

CHARLES R. SNYDER. 
(Rep., Atlantic Highlands.) 

Mr. Snyder was born March 19th, 1869, at New Monmouth. 
Monmouth county, and is an attorney and counselor-at- 
law at Atlantic Highlands, where he has biiilt up a suc- 
cessful practice. He is also identified with most of the 
public interests of his neighborhood, a member of the 
Board of Education. State Firemen's Relief Association, 
several secret fraternal orders, Clerk of the Central Bap- 
tist Church, Secretary of the Board of Trade, Attorney for 
the Borough of Highlands, and Secretary and Solicitor of 
the Atlantic Highlands Saving Fund and Building and 
I^oan Association, which is the most profitable building 
and loan association in Monmouth county. He has always 
been active in politics, and his popularity is attested by a 
majorit3^ of 131 in his home poll, he receiving in a presi- 
dential year 243 votes out of 332 cast, an increase over his 
majority the preceding year. 

He was an active member of the Assembly in 1900 and 
served on the important Committees on Revision of Laws, 
Banks and Insurance. Riparian Rights, and Joint Com- 
mittee on Printing. He introduced four bills in the last 
session, two of which became law's, one failed in the Hovise 
and the other passed the House unanimously but died in 
committee in the Senate. He was re-elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 1,622 over Oliver, the highest candidate 
on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 
Republicans. Democrats. 

Hyers 10,406 Parker 8,522 

Kirkbride 10,151 Oliver 8,664 

Snyder 10,286 Roberts 8,499 

Prohibition— Nye, 47S: Van Cleef, Jr.. 393: Harris, 374. 



Morris County. 

SAMUEL L. GARRISON. 

(Rep., Boonton.) 
Mr. Garrison was born in Deerfield township, Cumberland 
county, N. J., February 8th, 1845, and is proprietor and 



2,«^o inrxiRATini-:?;. 

(dilitr III tlu' I'.doiitoii W'erkly Bulletin. He was assistant 
(•(iitoi- (»t tliH Millvillc Kopublican from 1865 to 1S72, when 
he took charge of the Bulletin. During the past twentj' 
years he has represented Boonton in most of the Repub- 
lican conventions of New Jersey. He was Tax Collector 
for Millville for one term, a member of the Boonton Board 
of Education for a similar period, and was Mayor of Boon- 
ton for one term, in 1891. He was re-elected to the Assem- 
bly by a plurality of 1,650 over Pierson, the highest candi- 
date on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Agriculture, Printed Bills, Public Grounds 
and Buildings, and State Hospitals. 

CHARLES RT^SSEL WHITEHEAD. 

(Rep., Morristown.) 

Mr. Whitehead was born at Washington Valley, N. J.. 
September Ist, 1860, and is a practical farmer. He served 
as a member of the Morris Township Committee from the 
spring of 1894 to 1897, was elected a member of the Morris 
County Board of Freeholders from Morris township in the 
sprin'g of 1897, and was re-elected to the same office in the 
spring of 1899. He was elected to the Assembly by a plur- 
ality of 1,653 over Pierson, the highest candidate on the 
Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Garrison 7, GDI Pierson 5,951 

Whitehead 7,604. Bergen 5,892 

Prohibition— Quimby, 482; McKinnan, 504. 

Social-Democrat— Mace, 87; Barber, 87. 



Ocean County, 

COURTNEY CRANE CARR. 

(Rep., Manahawkin.) 

Mr. Carr was born near Manahawkin and in the vicinity 
of Carrtown, N. J., February 4th, 1849, and is in the fire 
insurance business. He was a carpenter and builder for 
about sixteen years. He is the son of the late Joseph Carr, 
who was known throughout the county for more than 
tifty years as a dealer in cedar lumber. He is one of the 
sixth generation of his family that was raised on the same 
farm, and one of the seventh now living there. He has 



BIOGRAPHIES. 281 

voted the Republican ticket ever since lie became of age. 
Beginning- on March 13th, 1S76, he served for three years as 
a Commissioner of Appeal for Stafford townsliip, and from 
March 9th, 1880, he served for three years on the Township 
Committee. When the law changed the term to three years 
he was elected a member on March 11th, 1884, being the 
first man in the township to receive that honor. On March 
10th. 1891, he was elected to the Board of Freeholders for 
cne year to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Dr. P. K. 
Hilliard, Democrat. In 1892 he was elected for three years, 
and in 189.5 and 1898 he was re-elected for similar terms. At 
present he is a member of the Committee on Public Build- 
ings and Grounds and a member of the other leading com- 
mittees of the County Board. He was a national census 
enumerator in 1880 for the township of Stafford. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a plurality' 
of 1.576 over Ellis, Democrat. Last year he served as Chair- 
man of the Committee on Militia, and as a member of the 
Committees on Incidental Expenses, Miscellaneous Busi- 
ness, and Public Grounds and Buildings. 

1900— Carr, Rep.. 3,074; Ellis, Dem., 1,498; Morehouse, Pro.. 
159. 



Passaic County. 

VIVIAN M. LEWIS. 

(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Lewis was born June 8th, 1869, at Paterson, N. J. He 
was educated in the public schools of Paterson and studied 
law with his brother. Judge William I. Lewis. He was 
admitted as an attorney February 18th, 1892, and as a 
counselor June. 1897. Prior to his admission he did some 
newspaper work, and has since acquired a good practice 
at his profession. 

He has always taken an active part in politics, and 
stumped the State soon after his majority in the interest 
of the Republican party. In 1897 he was a candidate for 
the Assembly, and carried the primaries in his district; 
taut the County Convention split, and he was nominated by 
the delegates in a convention which was declared irregular. 
He declined the nomination. He was appointed Judge- 
Advocate of the Second Regiment, National Guard. July, 
1896, and served until the reorganization of 1899, when he 
was placed on the re ired list with the rank of Captain. 
He was re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a 
plurality of 2,767 over Inglis, the highest candidate on the 



282 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Democratic ticktt. Last year he servtd as Chairman of 
the Committee on Revision of I^aws, and as a member of 
the Committees on Elections. PuV)lic Health, State Prison, 
and Treasurer's Accounts. 

EDMUND G. STALTER. 
(Rep., Paterson.) 

Mr. Stalter was born at Paterson, January 8th, 1875, and 
is a lawyer by profession. He leceived his early education 
in the public schools of Paterson, graduating from the 
High School of that city in 1S90. He prepared for college 
at Kimball Union Academy, Meriden, New Hampshire, 
graduating from that ins;itution in 1892, and entered Yale 
University in the fall of the same year, and graduated in 
the class of 1896. 

He studied law at the Yale University Law Scnool, taking 
the three years' course in two years, and graduated in 1898, 
then entering the law office of Z. M. Ward, of Paterson, 
from whose office he was admitted to the bar of this State. 

While in college Mr. Stalter did some newspaper work, 
and was a member of the Glee Club for four years. He 
has always been active in politics, but never held office 
before he became an Assemblyman. His brother, William 
W. Stalter, is a member of the Board of Aldermen of Pat- 
erson, and was President of the Board at the time of the 
outbreak of the war with Spain, when he left with the 
Second Regiment of N. J. Volunteers, as a lieutenant of 
Company C. 

Mr. Stalter was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality 
of 2,716 over Inglis, the highest candidate on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. Last year he served on the Committees on 
Education and Judiciary. 

WILLIAM B. DAVIDSON. 

(Rep., Passaic.) 

Mr. Davidson was born in Paterson, N. J., June 24th. 
1868, and is a lawyer by profession. He was formerly a 
plumber. He was educated in the Paterson public schools 
and afterward attended the New York trade schools. He 
studied law in the office of James A. Sullivan, of Passaic, 
and was admitted to the bar of New Jersey at the February 
term, 1899. He now holds the office of Inspector of Plumb- 
ing in Passaic, which he has filled for the past seven years. 
He was elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 2,892 over 
Inglis, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 283 

HIRAM KEASLER. 

(Rep.. Allwood.) 

Mr. Keasler was born in Acquackononk township. Pas- 
saic county. N. J., thirty-one years ago. He is a farmer 
and lives on the farm where he was born. He was elected 
as a member of the Township-Committee In 1894 and served 
five years, and in 189S he was elected to tne Board of Free- 
holders for the term ending in 1901. He is a member of 
the Republican County Committee. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 2,076 over Inglis, the highest 
candidate on the Democratic ticket. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Stalter 15.718 Klenert 12.672 

Lewis 15,769 Inglis 13,002 

Davidson 15,894 Gardner 12,573 

Keasler 15,078 Murphy 12.809 

Prohibition— Sigler, 266; Allen, 275: Wright. 262: Whitta- 
ker, 266. 

Social-Labor— Tully, .359: Fruch, 34S: Laudgraf. MS: Sling- 
land. 350. 

Social-Democrat— Graf, S.37; MuUer. .3:38; Pick, 340; Schief- 
ner, 3:17. 



Salem County. 
HENRY J. BLOHM. 
(Rep., Penn's Grove.) 

Mr. Blohm was born in New York, June 8th, 1857, and is 
a wholesale and retail dealer in ice and sturgeon, and a 
manufacturer of prime Delaware Bay caviar. In the 
spring- of 1894 he was elected a member of the Board of 
Education and served three years. He was re-elected in 
the spring of 1897 for a similar term and is now President 
of that body. In the spring- of 1898 he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Borough Council of Penn's Grove for three 
years. He was re-elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 
239 over Hackett. Democrat. Last year he served on the 
Committees on Education, Unfinished Business, and Sol- 
diers' Home. 

Blohm, Rep., 3,:125; Hackett. Dem.. 3.086; Isaacs, Pro.. 248. 



2S4 P.IOGRAPTTTES. 

Somerset County. 

IIEXRY WYCKOFF IJOACJLAND. 

(Rep.. Rocky Hill.) 

Mr. Hoagland was born at Griggstown, N. J., November 
24th, 1836. and is a farmer, a vocation he has always fol- 
lowed, with the exception of eight years' residence in Chi- 
cago, when he was in the grain commission business and 
was then a member of the Chicago Board of Trade. For 
seven years he was Clerk of Montgomery township. Somer- 
set county, and for three years a member of the Board of 
Education of the same township. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 1,208 over Hillpot, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. 

Hoagland, Rep.. 4,409; Hillpot. Dem., 3,201; Hoppoek, 
Pro., Ifi4. 



Sussex County. 

THEODORE M. ROE. 

(Rep., Branchville.) 

:Mr. Roe was born in Frankford township, Sussex county, 
N. J.. July 18, 1867, and is a farmer. He was elected Col- 
lector of his native township for a term of three years, 
which will expire in March, 1901. He was elected to the 
Assembly by a plurality of 91 over McBride, the Demo- 
cratic candidate. 

Roe. Rep., 3,179; McBride, Dem., 3.088; Roy, Pro., 124; 
Carr, Soc.-Dem., 52. 



Union County. 

ELIJS R. MEEKER. 

(Rep., Elizabeth.) 

Mr. Meeker was born in Newark, N. J., August 7th, 184S. 
and is interested in the building of yachts and launches 
and gas motors for the propulsion of vessels and auto- 
mobiles. He is a machinist by trade, and conducted a large 
boat-building plant in Chicago prior to and during the 
World's Fair. He received first premium on his exhibit of 
launches, and a concession from the Directors for the 
carrying of passengers about the waterways of the expo- 
sition. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 285 

Mr. Meeker's paternal ancestors were among the earliest 
settlers of the State, and the name appears in the first 
and second lists of eighty associates, called "The Elizabeth- 
town Associates," and on the maternal side, it is found 
that Thomas Beach, an original immigrant from England, 
took the oath of Fidelity at New Haven in 1654. 

Mr. Meeker is a member of the Masonic Fraternity and 
an Exempt Fireman. Before his election to the Assembly 
he never held public office, but has always been an ener- 
getic Republican in the ranks as well as in the Republican 
City Central Committee of Elizabeth, and Union County 
Executive Committee. He was re-elected to the Assembly 
by a plurality of 4,288 over Lammerding, the highest can- 
didate on the Democratic ticket. Last year he served as 
Chairman of the Committee on Reform School for Boys, 
and as a member of the Committees on Bill Revision, Inci- 
dental Expenses, Riparian Rights, and Industrial School 
for Girls. 

CHESTER M. SMITH. 

(Rep., Westfield.) 

Mr. Smith was born at Hartwick, Otsego county, near 
Cooperstown, N. Y., November 21st, 1851. For several 
years he was in the grocery and provision business at 
Oneonta, N. Y. About nineteen years ago he engaged in 
the tea-packing business in Water street. New York city, 
which he still continues. On beginning business in New 
York he ma.de his home in Westfield, and is now one of 
its best-known and most popular residents. He is Past 
Regent of the Royal Arcanum Council and also Collector 
of the Loyal Addition. He was also Vice-President of the 
AVestfield Club. Mr. Smith has been a loyal Republican 
for many years, and is an active member of the Republican 
Executive Committee of Westfield. He was re-elected to 
the Assembly by a plurality of 4,341 over Lammerding, the 
highest man on the Democratic ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Corporations, State Prison, 
and Treasurer's Accounts. 

CHARLES SEWARD FOOTE. 

(Rep., Plainfield.) 

Mr. Foote was born at Port Henry, Essex county, N. Y. , 
February 7th, 1860, and is an attorney and counselor-at-Iaw 
in New York. He was educated at the public schools of 
his native place, at AVillistcn Seminary, East Hampton, 
Mass., Yale College and Albany Law School. He is a grad- 



280 I^.IOGRAPHIES. 

uate of Yale, class of 1883, and of Albany Law School in 
1&85. He was admitted to the bar in New York State in the 
latter year and immediately began the practice of his pro- 
fession in New York city. For some years he was con- 
nected with prominent firms in that city, with one of them 
as partner. In 1893 he opened his own office, which has for 
some years been located in the Mutual Life Insurance 
Building, New York. Mr. Foote is a member of the Re- 
publican Executive Committee of Plainfield. He was re- 
elected to the Assembly by a plurality of 4,285 over Lam- 
merding, the highest candidate on the Democratic ticket. 
Last y^ear he served as Chairman of the Committee on 
Ways and Means, and as a member of the Committees on 
Elections, Judiciary, Public Health and Sinking Fund. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Republicans. Democrats. 

Meeker 12,297 Lammerding 8,009 

Smith 12,350 Park 7,811 

Foote 12,294 Clark 7,797 

Prohibition— King, 325; Karner, .317; Heller, 310. 

Social Democrat- Flick, 482; Olhme, 487; Taake, 482. 

Social-Labor— Hoh, 236; Peterson, 218; Samer, 217. 



Warren Counts^. 

HIRAM D. WHITE. 

(Dem., Beattystown.) 

Mr. White was born near Beattystown, June 9th, 1837, and 
is a merchant miller. He w^as formerly a farmer and a 
stock-raiser. After leaving school he became a clerk in 
the store of W. L. & G. W. Johnson at Hackettstown. 
where he worked for three years. Afterward he followed 
farming and stock-raising until 1886, when he engaged in 
the milling business, which he now conducts with his son 
under the firm name of H. D. White & Son. He was 
elected Town Clerk of Mansfield township in the spring of 
1860, and filled that office for four years. He served as 
Township Committeeman for three years, and Township 
Collector for a similar period. Mr. White was appointed 
Lay Judge for Warren county by the late Governor Abbett 
in 1890 to fill a vacancy, and a year later he was appointed 
for a full term, and served until the office was abolished— 
six years altogether. He was re-elected to the Assembly 



BIOGRAPHIES. 287 

for a third term by a plurality of 1.363 over Pursel, the high- 
est candidate on the Republican ticket. Last year he 
served on the Committees on Education and Public 
Groimds and Buildings. 

JACOB B. SMITH. 

(Dem., Phillipsburg.) 

Mr. Smith was born in Easton, Pa., May 18th. 1846, and 
is a moulder. When six years of age his father moved 
to Scranton with his family. Here he received his early 
education in the public schools. After leaving school he 
learned the iron moulders' trade. In 1865 he removed to 
Oxford, N. J., and resided there ten years. At the expira- 
tion of that time he made his home at Phillipsburg, and for 
twenty-one years was employed in the Warren Foundry, 
eighteen of w'hich in the capacity of foreman. He w^as 
elected and served three terms as a member of the Phillips- 
burg Board of Education. At the age of seventeen he re- 
sponded to both calls of Governor Curtin, as a member of 
the militia, to repel the invasion of Pennsylvania. He was 
re-elected to the Assembly for a third term by a plurality 
of 1,486 over Pursel, the highest candidate on the Republi- 
can ticket. Last year he served on the Committees on 
Printed Bills and Treasurer's Accounts. 

THE TOTAL VOTE. 

Democrats. Republicans. 

Smith 5,179 Pursel 3,693 

White 5,056 Hoover 3,597 

Prohibition— Lefferts, 422; Smith, 388. 

Social-Democrat— Moersehn, 60; Stahl, 61. 



Summary. 

House— Republicans ... 45 Democrats 15=60 

Senate— Republicans. . 17 Democrats 4=21 



62 
Republican majority on joint ballot, 43. 



19 81 



288 BIOGRAPHIES. 

THE JUDICIARY, 



United States District Court. 
ANDREW KIRKPATRICK, Newark. 

Judge Kirkpatrick was born in Washington, D. C, Octo- 
ber 8th, 1844. His father was J. Bayard Kirkpatrick, of 
New Brunswick. Andrew Kirkpatrick. a Justice of the 
Supreme Court in this State from 1797 to 1803. and Chief 
Justice from 180.3 to 1824, was his grandfather. After re- 
ceiving a thorough preliminary education he entered Rut- 
gers College, and there he had for classmates the late 
Vice-President Hobart and G. D. W. Vroom, formerly 
Mayor of Trenton. The Judge, after leaving Rutgers, went 
to Union College, Schenectady, N. Y.. and from there he 
graduated. He was an apt student, and in 1866 he was 
admitted to the bar. Three years later he was made a 
counselor, and soon after he began the practice of law in 
Newark with the late Frederick H. Teese, who at one 
time represented the Essex district in Congress. 

Governor Abbett, in 1885, appointed Mr. Kirkpatrick to 
succeed Judge Ludlow^ McCarter, as Law Judge of the 
Essex County Court of Common Pleas, and he held that 
position until December 1st, 1896, when he resigned to 
occupy his present position. His commission is dated No- 
vember 20th, 1896, and he was appointed to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Edward T. Green. His salary 
is $5,000 a year, and his office has a life tenure. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 



COURT OP CHANCERY. 

Chancellor. 

WILLIAM J. MAGIE, Elizabeth. 

(Term seven years, salary $10,000 per annum.) 

Chancellor Magie was born at Elizabeth, Union county, 
N. J., December 9th, 1832. His father. David Magie, was for 
nearly forty-five years pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Elizabeth, and was also a native of the same 
town. He entered Princeton College in 1852 and graduated 
in 1855. He studied law with the late Francis B. Chetwood, 
of Elizabeth, was admitted as an attorney in 1856 and as a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 2S9 

(•dunsi-lur ill isr.li. Vnv six years he was assuciatftl in pi-jic- 
tice with Mi". Chetwood, and after practicingr alune fur 
some time he formed ano;her co-partnership with Mr. 
Joseph Cross. From 1866 to 1871 he was Prosecutor of the 
Pleas for Union county. He has been connected with the 
banks of Elizabeth, and has acted as counsel for several 
corporations. He was elected to the State Senate from 
Union county in 1875 for a term of three years, and in 1880 
he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court by Gov- 
ernor McClellan. He was re-appointed by Governor Green 
in 1887 and by Governor Werts in 1894. On March 1st, 1897, 
he was nominated by Governor Griggs as Chief Justice to 
succeed the late Mercer Beasley, and he was at once con- 
firmed by the Senate. He served in that office until May 2d, 
1900, when he w'as appointed by Governor Voorhees to fill 
the vacancy in the office of Chancellor caused by the death 
of Alexander T. McGill. He was sworn into office on that 
date. 



Vice-chancellors . 

(Term seven years, salary $9,000 a year.) 

HENRY C. PITNEY, Morris .own. 

Vice-Chancellor Pitney, LL.D., was born at Mendham, 
Morris county, N. J., January 17th, 1827. He was graduated 
from Princeton College in the class of '48, which has since 
conferred on him the honorary degree of LL.D. He was 
admitted to the bar as an attorney in July, 1851, and as a 
counselor in November, 1854. He is regarded as one of the 
ablest constitutional lawyers in New Jersey. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor for a term of seven years in the 
spring of 1889 and in 1896 he was re-appointed for another 
full term. In politics he is a Republican. His term expires 
in 1903. 

JOHN R. EMERY, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Emery was born in Flemington, Hunter- 
don county, N. J., July 6th, 1842. He was graduated from 
Princeton College in 1861, and studied law under Bennet 
Van Syckel, now a Justice of the Supreme Court, and also 
under the late Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. In 1865 he was 
admitted to the bar, when he formed a partnership with 
Mr. Van Fleet, which continued for one year. Then he 
went to Trenton, where he formed a parlnership with the 
late Augustus G. Richey, which was continued until 1874. 
The next year he moved to Newark, where he opened a 
19 



290 BIOGRAPHIES. 

l;i\v (illicc aiKl soon l)iiilt up an oxt()isi\ «■ practice. About 
sixteen years ago Mr. Kmery was made an Advis(jry Mas- 
ter. He has never held any political office. He was ap- 
pointed Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill on Januarj' 
2&th, 1895, for a full term of seven years, to succeed the late 
Vice-Chancellor Van Fleet. In politics he is a Rei)ublican. 
His term will expire in January, 1902. 

ALFRED REED, Trenton. 

Vice-chancellor Reed was born December 2.3d, 1S39, in 
Ewing township, Mercer county. He attended the Law- 
renceville High School in 1856 and the Model School at 
Trenton in 1857-58, and entered Rutgers College, at New 
Brunswick, in 1859. In the fall of 1860 he was matriculated 
at the State and Normal Law School, at Poughkeepsie. 
N. Y., and in the summer of 1862 admitted to the practice 
of law in New York. He returned to Trenton and renewed 
his study of law, and was admitted to the bar of New Jer- 
sey at the June Term, 1864. In the spring of 1865 he was 
elected to the Common Council of Trenton, of which body 
he was made President. He was elected Mayor of Trenton 
in 1867, serving for one year, and in the spring of 1869 he 
was appointed Law Judge of Mercer county, a position he 
held for a full term of five years. On April 8th, 1875, he was 
appointed by Governor Bedle a Justice of the Supreme 
Court; in 1882 he was re-appointed by Governor Ludlow, 
and in 1889 by Governor Green. In June, 1895 he was ap- 
pointed a Vice-Chancellor by Chancellor McGill, to succeed 
the late Robert S. Green, for a term of seven years. His 
term will expire in June, 1902. In politics he is a Democrat. 

FREDERIC W. STEVENS, Newark. 

Vice-Chancellor Stevens was born in Hoboken, N. J., 
June 9th, 1846. He was g'raduated from Columbia Law 
College in 1865; was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as 
an attorney in November, 1868, and as a counselor three 
years later. He first came into public life in 1873, wiien he 
v/as appointed Judge of the Second District Court of New- 
ark. He remained in that position for two years. In 1889 
the Judge was appointed County Counsel of Essex county, 
and filled that oflfice for some years. Although he has not 
held any other public offices, Mr. Stevens has always been 
a prominent figure in some of the biggest legal fights ever 
made in the State and County Courts. One of those was 
the settlement of the back taxes of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company. In that case he 



BIOGRAPHIES. 291 

and Judge Dillon acted as arbitrators, lie is a mcmbci- 
of the Ecclesiastical Law Committee of the Protestant 
Episcopal Diocese of Newark, and, with Cortlandt Parker, 
revised all of the canons governing that body. He was 
appointed Vice-Chancellor in 1896, as a successor to John 
T. Bird. His term will expire in 1903. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

MARTIN P. GREY, Camden. 

"Vice-Chancellor Grey was born at Camden (then in Glou- 
cester county), New Jersey, December 20th, 1841. He was 
the third son of Philip James Grey, Esq., and Sarah Wool- 
ston Grey, his wife. He was educated in the schools of his 
native town and in the city of Philadelphia. He was admit- 
ted as an attorney-at-law at the June Term of the Supreme 
Court in New Jersey in 1863. He was called to the bar as 
counselor at the June Term, 1866. He began the practice 
of law at Salem in June, 1863, and there continued until 
January 1st, 1887, when he formed a partnership with his 
older brother, Samuel H. Grey, Esq., now Attorney-Gen- 
eral, at Camden, N. J., and continued the practice of law 
at the latter place, associated with his brother, under the 
firm name of Grey & Grey, until May 19th, 1896, when he 
was tendered by the late Alexander T. McGill, Chancellor, 
the appointment of Vice-Chancellor, which he accepted. 
In politics he is a Republican. 



JUSTICES OP THE SUPREME COURT. 

Term of office, seven years. The salary of the Chief Justice 

is $10,000 a year, and that of each Associate 

Justice, $9,000.) 

Chief Justice. 

DAVID ATRES DEPUE, Newark. 

Chief Justice Depue, LL.D., was born at Mount Bethel, 
Northampton county, Pa., October 27th, 1826. He is of 
Huguenot descent, and his ancestors were among the ear- 
liest settlers of Pahaquarry, Warren county, N. J. The 
family moved in 1840 to Belvidere, Warren county. The 
Justice entered Princeton College in 1843, and he was grad- 
uated three years later. He studied law under John M. 
Sherrerd, and v/as admitted to the bar in 1849. In the same 
year he began practice in Belvidere. In 1866 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Ward, a Justice of the Supreme Court, 
to succeed Justice Haines, and was assigned to the Essex 



202 BIOGRAPHIES. 

and rnidii circiiil, when lie removcfl lo N<'\vark, wlnn- 
he has since resided. Union connty was detached from 
this district when two additional judicial districts were 
created by the act of April 6th, 1875. He was re-appointed 
by Governor Parker in 1873. In 1880 he was re-appointed 
by Governor McClellan for another term of seven years, 
and a.^ain in 1887 by Governor Green, and in 1894 by Gover- 
nor Werts. He received the honorary degree of LL.D. from 
Rutgers College in 1874, and also from Princeton College, 
his Alma Mater, in 1880. On May 2, 1900, he took the oath of 
office as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, having been 
appointed by Governor Voorhees to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of William J. Magie, who was made 
Chancellor. In politics the Chief Justice is a Republican. 
His circuit comprises Essex county. Population, 359,053. 



Associate Justices. 

Eight altogether. Salary, $9,000 a year. 
BENNET VAN SYCKEL, Trenton. 

Justice Van Syckel was born April 17th, 1830, in Bethle- 
hem, Hunterdon county, N. J. He was prepared for col- 
lege at Easton, Pa., entered Princeton College in 1843, and 
was graduated in 1846, in the same class w'ith David A. 
Depue, now Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Imme- 
diately after graduating he entered the law office of Alex- 
ander Wurts, of Flemington, in which he remained until 
he was admitted to the bar, in 1851. He at once began the 
practice of his profession at Flemington. In 1869 he was 
appointed to a seat on the bench of the Supreme Court, 
and was re-appointed in 1876, again in 1883, again in 1890, 
and by Governor Griggs in 1897. He is a Democrat in poli- 
tics. His present term expires February 15th, 1904. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Union and Ocean. 
Total population, 119,100. 

JONATHAN DIXON, Jersey City. 

Justice Dixon was born in the city of Liverpool, England, 
July 6th, 1839. He remained there until his eighth year, 
having attended the public schools for two or three years. 
His family then removed to Marypont, Cumberland county, 
in the same country, where his education was continued. 
His father came to the United States in 1848, and his fam- 
ily followed him two years later, and settled in New 
Brunswick, N. J. Jonathan became an inmate of the home 



BIOGRAPHIES. 293 

of Cornelius L. Hardenberg, a lawyer, who suffered from 
blindness, and to him the lad acted as attendant and aman- 
uensis for nearly five years, or until September, 1855. In 
that year he entered Rutgers College, and graduated from 
that institution in 1S59. He then entered the law office of 
his former tutor. Warren Hardenberg, and studied there 
for twelve months. Upon Mr. Hardenberg removing to 
New York. Mr. Dixon entered the office of George R. But- 
ton, and subsequently that of Robert Adrain, both of these 
gentlemen being members of the bar of New Brunswick. 
AVhile studying law he taught school as a means of liveli- 
hood. He was admitted as an attorney in November. 1S62. 
and three years later as a counselor. After being admitted 
as an attorney he moved to Jersey City and entered the 
law office of E. B. Wakeman in a clerical capacity, and in 
the spring of 1864 he formed a co-partnership with his em- 
ployer, which lasted one year. For five years he practiced 
by himself, and then formed a co-partnership with Gilbert 
Collins, now a Justice of the Supreme Court. In April. 
1875, he was appointed a Justice of the Supreme Court by 
Governor Bedle; in 1882 he was re-appointed by Governor 
I.udlow, in 1889 by Governor Green, and in 1896 by Governor 
Griggs. He is a Republican in politics, and was the can- 
didate of his party for Governor in 1883, when he was de- 
feated by the late Leon Abbett. His present term expires 
in 1903. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Passaic and Bergen. 
Total population, 2-33,643. 

CHARLES GRANT GARRISON, Camden. 
Justice Garrison was born in Swedesboro, Gloucester 
county, N. J., August 3d, 1849. He is a son of Rev. Joseph 
Fithian Garrison, D. D., a well-known divine of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, who was a professor in a Phila- 
delphia college for a number of years, and died in 1893. 
The Judge was educated at Edgehill School. Princeton, at 
the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and in the L^niver- 
sity of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated as a physi- 
cian in 1827. He practiced that profession until 1876, at 
Swedesboro, and then entered the law office of Samuel H. 
Grey, of Camden, where he remained until he was admit- 
ted to the bar in 1878. He was made Judge-Advocate Gen- 
eral of New Jersey in 1884, and in 1882 he was made Chan- 
cellor of the Southern Diocese of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of New Jersey. He w^as appointed to the Supreme 
Court bench in January. 1888, in the place of the late ex- 
Governor Joel Parker, for a full term of seven years. He 



294 BIOGRAPHIES. 

was re-appointed in 1895 by Governor Werts. In politics 
he is a Democrat. His term expires in 1902. 

His circuit consists of the counties of Burlington, Cam- 
den and Gloucester. Total population, 197,789. 

WILLIAM S. GUMMERE, Trenton. 

Justice Gummere was born in Trenton, June 24th, 18.52, 
and is a son of the late Barker Gummere, who for many 
years was one of the acknowledged leaders of the bar of 
New Jersey. The Justice was educated at the old Trenton 
Academy and the Lawrenceville School, and was graduated 
from Princeton College in 1870. He studied law with his 
father, and upon being admitted to the bar he practiced 
for a time in the office of G. D. W. Vroom, when that gen- 
tleman was Prosecutor of the Pleas for Mercer county. 
Subsequently Mr. Gummere formed a co-partnership with 
his uncle, the late ex-Governor Parker, in Newark, and 
after that had been dissolved he was associated with Oscar 
Keen, of the same city. This continued until the late Ed- 
ward T. Green was made Judge of the United States Dis- 
trict Court when Mr. Gummere succeeded him as counsel 
for the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, with offices in 
Trenton. On February 18th, 1895, he was appointed by 
Governor Werts as a Justice of the Supreme Court, to 
succeed the late Justice Abbett, for a term of seven years, 
and he was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on the 
day following. In politics he is a Republican. His term 
will expire in February, 1902. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Mercer, Warren and 
Hunterdon. Population, 167,65.3. 

GEORGE C. LUDLOW, New Brunswick. 
(Died December i8th, igoo). 
Justice Ludlow was born at Milford, Hunterdon county. 
N. J., April 6th, 1830. At the age of five years he removed 
to New Brunswick, where he has ever since resided. He 
was graduated from Rutgers College in 1850, and soon 
afterward began the study of law in the office of W. H. 
Leupp, in New Brunswick. He also studied in the office 
of Robert Van Arsdale, of Newark. In 1853 he was admit- 
ted to the bar and immediately commenced the practice of 
his profession in New Brunswick. Soon afterward he was 
admitted as a counselor. He served as City Counsel of 
that city, as a member of the Board of Freeholders, and as 
President of the Board of Education. Pie was elected State 
Senator in 1S76, and in 1S7S he served as President of the 
Senate. He was elected Governor of New Jersey in ISSO by 



BIOGRAPHIES. 295 

a plurality of 651 over the late Frederic A. Potts. He was 
a member of the Constitutional Commission of 1894. He 
was appointed a Jvistice of the Supreme Court June 13th. 
1S95. for a full term of seven years, to succeed Justice Al- 
fred Reed, who had resig^ned to become a Vice-Chancellor. 
In politics he is a Democrat. His term will expire in 1902. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Atlantic, Cumber- 
land. Cape May and Salem. Population, 136,326. 

GILBERT COLLINS, Jersey City. 

Justice Collins was born August 26th, 1846, in Stonington, 
Conn., where his family had long been settled, and where 
his father was engaged in manufactures. He received a 
classical education. In 1863 he removed to Jersey City, 
N. J., where his father, then recently deceased, had had 
business interests. He studied law under Jonathan Dixon, 
now a Justice of the Supreme Court. Justice Collins was 
admitted to practice in this State as an attorney February. 
1S69, and as a counselor in February. 1872. He practiced 
his profession in Jersey City, first as a partner of Judge 
Dixon, and afterward with Charles L. and William H. 
Corbin, under the firm name Collins & Corbin. 

He was Mayor of Jersey City from May, 1884. to May, 
1886. On March 2d, 1897, he was appointed Associate Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court of this State by Governor Griggs, 
and on March Sth, his nomination was by the Senate unan- 
imously confirmed. He is a Republican in politics. His 
term will expire March Sth. 1904. 

His circuit comprises the county of Hudson. Total popu- 
lation, 383,048. 

JOHN FRANKLIN FORT, East Orange. 
Justice Fort was born at Pemberton, Burlington county, 
March 20. 1852, and is the eldest child and only son of An- 
drew H. and Hannah A. Fort, and a nepnew of the late 
George F. Fort, who was Governor of New Jersey in 1852. 
He received his early education at the Mount Holly Insti- 
tute and later attended Pennington Seminary. He began 
the study of the law in Philadelphia in the office of Edward 
Paxson, afterward Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania. When Mr. Paxson was appointed Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia, Mr. Fort con- 
tinued his studies with Ewan Merritt. Esq., then one of 
the foremost lawyers in Burlington county, and for nine 
months of his student term he was in the office of Garrit 
S. Cannon, then Prosecutor of the Pleas for Burlington 
county. He graduated from the Albany Law School in 
1S72 with the degree of LL.B. 



296 UroGKAl'illKS. 

Mr. Fort was admitted to the bar aw an attorney at the 
November term of 1873 and as a counselor in 1876. His polit- 
ical career began before he had attained his majority in 
the Presidential campaign of 1872. He served as Journal 
Clerk of the House of Assembly during the sessions of 1873- 
71. In May, 1874, he located in Newark and began the 
practice of the law In Essex county. In 1878 he was ap- 
pointed by Governor McClellan as Judge of the First Dis- 
trict Court of the city of Newark, for the term of five 
years, at the expiration of which he was re-appointed by 
Governor Ludlow, but resigned the office in the third year 
of his second term to resume active practice. 

B'or a number of years he has been a prominent figure 
in local and State politics. He served on the Republican 
State Committee and was Vice-President of that body in 
1889. He was a delegate-at-large to the National Republi- 
can Convent ioh of 1884 which nominated Mr. Blaine for 
President. He presided over the State Republican Conven- 
tions of 1889 and 1895. when General Grubb and John W. 
Griggs were respectively nominated for Governor. At the 
National Republican Convention held in St. Louis in 1896 
Mr. Fort, speaking for New Jersey, placed in nomination 
for Vice-President of the United States the name of Garret 
A. Hobart. He was a member of the Constitutional Com- 
mission of 1894, and is now one of the three New Jersey 
members of the Constitutional Commission on Uniform 
Laws for all the States, and is ac'ive in that national body. 

On December 1st, 1896, Governor Griggs appointed Mr. 
Fort as Judge of the Essex County Court of Common 
Pleas to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Andrew 
Kirkpatrick, who had accepted the office of Judge of the 
L^nited States District Court for New Jersey. When the 
Legislature assembled Judge Fort was nominated for a 
full term of five years and was unanimously confirmed by 
the Senate. In May, 1900. Judge Fort was appointed by 
Governor Voorhees as a Justice of the Supreme Court to 
fill a vacancy caused by the elevation of Justice Depue to 
the office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Justice 
Fort's circuit is composed of the counties of Monmouth 
and Middlesex. Total population, 161,819. 

ABRAM QUICK GARRETSON, Morristown. 

Justice Garretson was born in Franklin township, Som- 
erset county, N. J., March 11, 1842. He is a descendant of 
two of the earliest families in Somerset county, both being 
of Holland-Dutch stock. His parents were Martin 



BIOGRAPHIES. 297 

Schenek and Ann (Quick) Garretson, and his maternal 
great-grandfatlier, Abram Quick, was a Colonel of New 
Jersey Militia in the Revolutionary war. His ancestors 
took an active part in public and commercial affairs, held 
posts of honor and trust, and were always among the fore- 
most citizens of their time. 

In 1859 Mr. Garretson entered the sophomore class of 
Rutgers College, from which he received the degree of 
A. M., standing first in his class. He decided upon the law 
as his profession, and almost immediately after he had 
graduated at Rutgers he registered as a student in the 
ofRce of Abraham O. Zabriskie, of Jersey City, who was 
afterward Chancellor of New Jersey. He subsequently at- 
tended Harvard Law School, and in November, 1865, was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney, and 
three years later as a counselor. Subsequently he was 
admitted to practice before the United States Supreme 
Court at Washington, D. C. 

Mr. Garretson began the acti^•e practice of his profession 
in Jersey City in 1865, being associated with the late Robert 
Gilchrist, afterward Attorney General of New Jersey. In 
1867 he took up his professional work alone, and in Febru- 
ary, 1869, was appointed by Governor Randolph as Prose- 
cutor of the Pleas of Hudson county for a term of five 
years, at the expiration of which, in 1874, he was re- 
appointed by Governor Parker. In 1878, after serving in 
this capacity for nine consecutive years, he resigned to 
accept at the hands of Governor McClellan the ofRce of 
President Judge of the Hudson County Court of Common 
Pleas, which position he filled for a full term of five years. 
Since then he devoted his time to the practice of his pro- 
fession, and until he was appointed to his present ofRce. 
In 188.3 he formed a co-partnership with James B. Vreden- 
burgh. under the firm name of Vredenburgh & Garretson, 
which continued until his elevation to the bench of the 
Supreme Court. He was a member of the staff of the late 
Governor Bedle, and in politics Justice Garretson has 
always been a Democrat. Upon the death of Justice Lip- 
pincott in July, 1900, Governor Voorhees appointed Mr. 
Garretson to fill the vacancy on the bench, and he was 
sworn into office July 19th of that year. 

His circuit comprises the counties of Morris. Somerset 
and Sussex. Total population, 122,238. 



298 JJfodllAl'JIIIOS. 

Circuit Court Judsres. 

(Term of office, seven years. Salary, $7,500.) 
HENRY M. NEVIUS, Red Bank. 

Judge Nevius was born near Freehold, Monmouth county, 
N. J., January 30th, 1841. He was educated at the Freehold 
Institute, and also at the High School, Grand Rapids. Mich. 
Until the Civil war broke out he studied law in that city, 
when he enlisted as a private in Company K, Lincoln Cav- 
alry, and served until January. 1863, when he was promoted 
for gallantry to Ihe Second Lieutenancy of Company D, 
Seventh Michigan Cavalry. He fought with General 
George A. Custer until the winter of 1864, when he resigned 
his commission to accept a position in a New Jersey regi- 
ment, then forming at Trenton, but it turned out a failure. 
He re-enlisted as a private in Company D, Twenty-fifth 
New York Cavalry. He was soon promoted to the rank 
of Captain for bravery on the field. When the war closed 
he returned to New Jersey and resumed the study of law. 
He was admitted to the bar as an attorney in February, 
1873, and as a counselor three years later. He was in part- 
nership for four years with ex-Sena* or John S. Applegate. 
He has held several offices of local importance, and has 
served as Deputy Revenue Collector. In 1883 he was elected 
Commander of the Grand Army Posts of New Jersey, and 
was re-elected the following year. He was elected to the 
State Senate from Monmouth county in 1887, served a full 
term of three years, and was President of that body in 
1890. He was appointed Judge of the Circuit Court by 
Governor Griggs on March 2d, 1896, and was promptly and 
unanimously confirmed by the Senate. In politics he is a 
Republican. His term expires in 1903. 

FRANCIS J. SWAYZE, Newark. 

Judge Swayze was born in Newton, Sussex county. May 
loth, 1861, and is a son of Jacob L. Swayze. He was grad- 
uated from Harvard College in 1879, and afterward studied 
law in the office of Martin Rosenkrans, in Newton. He 
also took a course at Harvard Law School, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey in June, 1882. and was made 
a counselor-at-law three years later. 

The Judge served as Chairman of the Sussex Republican 
County Committee from 1886 to 1889. He was a member of 
the Republican State Committee from 1889 to 1892, and wa.s 
a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1892. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 299 

In that year he removed to Newark and thereafter confined 
himself to the practice of his profession. He became a 
member of the law firm of Colie & Swayze. later Colie, 
Swayze & Titsworlh. On February 13th, 1900, he was nom- 
inated by Governor Voorhees as a Circuit Court Judge to 
succeed Francis Child and he was unanimously confirmed 
by the Senate for a term of seven years, which will not 
expire until March 11th, 1907. 

JAMES H. NIXOX, Millville. 
Judge Nixon was born in Cumberland county, N. J., in 
1S38. He was graduated from Princeton University in 1858, 
and then taught for three years in the Lawrenceville Acad- 
emy, near Princeton. Afterwards he studied law in the 
office of Hon. John T. Nixon, in Bridgeton, was admitted 
to the bar in 1S63, at the November Term of the Supreme 
Court, and began practice at Millville. He was for twenty- 
one years Solicitor of that city, was a member of the 
New Jersey House of Assembly for four years (1865-1869), 
and of the New Jersey Senate for three years (1869-1872), 
and was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee in each of 
those bodies. In 1876 he was named on the Republican 
Electoral ticket of New Jersey. He was an Assistant At- 
torney-General during the administration of President 
Harrison, and for more than a year and a half under the 
second administration of President Cleveland. He was 
appointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals by 
Governor Griggs, on the 2d day of March, 1896, and on 
February 19th, 1900, he was nominated for Circuit Court 
Judge by Governor Voorhees to succeed. Richard T. Miller, 
and was at once confirmeu by the Senate. His term will 
not expire until March 11, 1907. 



Lay Judges of the Court Errors and Appeals. 

(Term of office, six years. Compensation, $20 a day foi- 
actual service. No mileage.) 

JOHN W. BOGERT. Hohokus. 
Judge Bogert was born in Hohokus, Bergen county, Sep- 
tember 3d, 1839. His ancestors settled in that locality some 
time before the Revolution. He has held several township 
offices, and was Collector of Bergen county for fourteen 
jears. He was a member of the House of Assembly from 
the Second District of Bergen county in the sessions of 
1874-75, and he served as State Senator for four yeaj-s. Pie 
is an executor and administrator fur several large estates. 



:;0() P.JOGRAPHJES. 

lie was apijointed by Governor Abbett Judge of the (.'ourt 
of Errors and Appeals in 1891, and re-appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs in 1897. His term will expire in 1903. In politics 
he is a Democrat. 

GOTTFRIED KRUEGER, Newark. 

Judge Krueger was born in Baden, Germany, November 
4th, 1837, and came to this country February 13lh, 18.52, 
v/hen he settled in Newark, where he has resided ever 
since. He is extensively engaged in the brewing business. 
He served as an apprentice with Adams «& Laible, Newark, 
and when the firm dissolved, Mr. Laible built a new brew- 
ery for himself, and made Mr. Krueger foreman, a position 
he filled until 1865. He then formed a co-partnership with 
Gottlieb Hill, and they purchased the old brewery in which 
Mr. Krueger had served his time, and also adjoining prop- 
erty. The business rapidly increased, and several addi- 
tions were, from time to time, made to their brewery. In 
1875 Mr. Hill, owing to ill health, was forced to retire from 
business, and Mr. Krueger became the sole proprietor. 
The brewery is now one of the most extensive in the State. 
The Judge served as a member of the Assembly in 1877 and 
1S80. In 1872 he served as a member of the Essex County 
Board of Freeholders. In 1880 he was chosen a Presidential 
Elector, and he, together w'ith the other electors from New 
Jersey, cast their votes for Hancock and English, the 
Presidential nominees of the Democratic party. He was 
appointed Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals in 
1891 by Governor Abbett, to succeed the late Judge John 
McGregor, and in 1897 he was re-appointed by Governor 
Griggs. His term will expire in 1903. In politics he is a 
Democrat. 

CHARLES E. HENDRICKSON, Mount Holly. 

Judge Hendrickson was born at New Egypt, Monmouth 
county (now Ocean), N. J., January 8th, 1843. He pre- 
pared for college at the academy in his native town. In 
September, 1860, he entered the Sophomore Class of Union 
College, Schenectady, N. Y., but continued there only one 
term, joining the Sophomore Class of Princeton College, 
N. J., the following January, where he graduated at the 
age of twenty with the class of 1863. On leaving college 
he conducted a classical school for one year at Pemberton, 
N. J. He studied law with Abraham Browning and Garrit 
S. Cannon, successively, and was admitted to the bar of 
New Jersey as an attorney at the November term of the 
Supreme Court, 1866. and three years later as counselor. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 301 

\lv SLltleil at Mdunt Holly upon his admission tu lh<' bar, 
where he has since resided. He was appointed Prosecutor 
of the Pleas for Burlington county by Governor Randolph 
in March, 1870, and was re-appointed by Governors Bedle, 
McClellan and Abbett, thus serving twenty years in the 
office, from which he voluntarily retired at the close of his 
fourth term, in March, 1890. 

He was elected to the House of Assembly from the Third 
district of Burlington county in 1867. He represented the 
New Jersey Annual Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church as one of the two Lay Delegates from that body 
to the General Conference of that Church held at Balti- 
more in May, 1876. He was there appointed by the Board 
of Bishops one of the Committee to Revise the Hymnal of 
the Church, a work that was completed by the committee 
and presented to the Board of Bishops at their meeting in 
Cleveland. O., the following year. He has further served 
the New Jersey Annual Conference as Trustee of Dickinson 
College and of Pennington Serninary, and was President 
of the Board of Trustees of the latter institution for a 
number of years. He was also a Lay Delegate to the 
Methodist Ecumenical Conference held in Washington, 
D. C, in 1891, having been designated by the Board of 
Bishops as one of the representatives from the New Jersey 
Conference District. 

He was appointed by Governor Griggs a Judge of the 
Court of Errors and Appeals on March 26th, 1896, for the 
term of six years. In politics the Judge is a Democrat. 
His term will expire in 1902. 

FREDERIC ADAMS, Summit. 

Judge Adams was born on October 9th, 1840, at Amherst, 
N. H. He was graduated from Phillips Academy at An- 
dover in 1858, and from Yale College in 1862. He read law 
at the Harvard Law School in 1863 and '64, and was admit- 
ted to the bar of New York city in 1864. He was admitted 
to practice in New Jersey as an attorney in February, 1868, 
and as a counselor in November, 1873. Nearly his entire 
practice has been in the city of Newark, where he has 
been much occupied by his duties as Special and Advisory 
Master in Chancery. The only pohtical offices he ever held 
were as Clerk of East Orange township, Essex county, and 
as counsel for the same township. On March 23d, 1897, he 
was nominated as Judge of the Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals by Governor Griggs to succeed Judge Barcalow, who 
had been appointed as Judge of the Passaic Countv Courts. 



n02 r.IOORAPITlES. 

llf was iiiianinii.iisly conlii'm.^d l)y tin- Sf-natc on Marwh 
2r.lh, IS'.iT. In iKilitics .ludKc Adams is ;l Itciiiiinifaii. 

Wll.lJAM II. VREDIONBURGH, Freehold. 

Judse Vredenbursh comes from a very old New Jersey 
family, being the second son of the late Judge Peter Vre- 
denbiirgh. The first generation of the family on this side 
of the Atlantic, as appears from ancient records, sprang 
frcm William I. Vredenburg, who came to New Nether- 
lands from The Hague in May, 1658, in the ship Gilded 
f3eaver. 

Peter Vredenburg, father of the present Judge, was a 
prominent jurist in both State and nation. He served two 
terms as an Associate Justice of the New Jersey Supreme 
Court, being first appointed by Governor Price, in 1855, and 
again by Governor Olden in 1862. Many of his decisions are 
regarded as being among the ablest reported. 

Judge Vredenburgh was born August 19th, 1840; was 
graduated at Rutgers College in 1859; studied law In the 
oflRce of the late Governor Joseph D. Bedle; was admitted 
to practice as an attorney in June, 1862, and as a counselor 
in June, 1865. He is one of three sons, all of whom were 
lawyers. 

After his admission, young Vredenburgh began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Freehold, his native town, and has 
continued to carry on the law business there ever since, 
with the exception of about a year, 1864, when he was 
Iccated at Eatontown. to continue the business of his 
brother, Major Peter Vredenburgh, Jr., who was absent 
in the military service, and who was killed Sep. ember 19th, 
1864, at the battle of Winchester, Va., at the head of his 
regiment. 

In 1865 Mr. Vredenburgh formed a law partnership with 
Philip J. Ryall, which continued for abovit five years, until 
Mr. Ryall's failing health compelled his retirement from 
r,ractice. In the exciting general election of 1884, Mr. Vre- 
denburgh was nominated by the Republicans of Monmouth 
county for State Senator, and was only defeated by the re- 
tirement of the regular Democratic candidate a few days 
before the election and the fusion of the Democrats and 
Prohibitionists, and by a very narrow majority. 

In 1897 he was one of the special Commissioners to con- 
sider the question of railroad taxation, whose i*eport be- 
came enacted into the body of the tax laws. 

In November, 1897, he was appointed a Judge of the Court 
of Errors and Appeals by Governor Griggs, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Dayton. On January 12th, 



BIOGRAPHIES. 30?. 

1S98, he was numinated for a full term of six years by Gov- 
ernor Griggs, and he was confirmed by the Senate on the 
18th of the same month. In politics the Judge is a Repub- 
lican. 

PETER VAN VOORHEES, Camden. 

Judge Voorhees is of Holland Dutch descent on both 
sides and is connected with one of the oldest and most 
prominent families in New Jersey. He is a lineal descend- 
ant ol Steven Coerte Van Voorhees, who emigrated from 
Holland to America in April, 1660. His parents were John 
S. Voorhees and Sarah A. Van Doren, his wife, and he was 
born at Franklin Park, near New Brunswick, N. J., June 
ISilh. 1852. After obtaining his preparatory education at 
the grammer school in New Brunswick he entered Rutgers 
College in 1869 and was graduated therefrom in 1873 as A.B., 
receiving the degree of A.M. in course in 1876. He pursued 
his law studies in the office of the late Peter L. Voorhees, 
of Camden, was admitted to the bar of New Jersey as an 
attorney in June, 1876, and as counselor in June, 1879, and 
vvas associated in practice with his preceptor from his 
admission and until the death of P. L. Voorhees In 1895, a 
period of nearly twenty j^ears. 

Judge Voorhees is a director of the Camden Safe Deposit 
and Trust Company, of the First National Bank of Cam- 
den, and of the West Jersey Title and Guarantee Company, 
a manager of the Cooper Hospital, a trustee of the Cooper 
estates, and a vestryman of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
of Camden. He w^as nominated by Governor Voorhees as 
a Judge of the Court of Errors and Appeals for a term of 
six years on March 6th, 1900, and was unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate. In politics the Judge is a Republican. 



U. S. OFFICERS FOR NEW JERSEY. 



District Attorney. 

DAVID O. WATKINS, Woodbury. 

Mr. Watkins was born at Woodbury, N. J., June 8th, 
1862. He worked on a farm in his neighborhood, studied 
law at night time and was admitted to the bar as an 
attorney at the November term of the New^ Jersey Supreme 
Court, in 1S93, and as a counselor at the February Term, 
1897. He was Mayor of Woodbury for four terms of one 
year each, from 1886 to 1890. He was Councilman from the 



304 P.TOGRAPIIIES. 

'I'liird \\';uil nl WiHidhiiry Ji-om 1S92 to IVir,. \vh«-ii hr w;is 
re-elected and served until WJS. Jle was elected President 
of the City Council in March, 1895, again in 1896, and again 
in 1897. He has served for some time as Solicitor of the 
city of Woodbury, and counsel to the Board of Freeholders 
for Gloucester county. He was elected to the State Assem- 
bly in 1896 by a plurality of 1862, the largest ever given a 
candidate for public office in Gloucester. He was re-elected 
in 1897 and 1898. 

Mr. Watkins served as Speaker of the House of Assembly 
in 1898 and 1899, when he made a record for dignity, upright- 
ness and impartiality which has been seldom equalled in 
the Legislature of New Jersey. At the close of the session 
of 1898 he was presented on behalf of the members with a 
suitable testimonial in recognition of his worth, and the 
phrase, "As fair as Watkins" there and then originated to 
be handed down as an example for future occupants of 
the chair. And at the close of the session of 1899 he was 
paid a similar compliment. On both occasions the Demo- 
cratic minority vied with the Republican majority in be- 
stowing the meed of praise. 

Speaker Watkins became Acting Governor of the State 
on October ISth, 1898. That office had been held by Presi- 
dent of the Senate Voorhees from January .31st, that year, 
and until the date mentioned, when his resignation as Sen- 
ator from Union county was presented and filed, thus cre- 
ating a vacancy also in the higher office, which was at 
once filled by the Speaker of the House, in accordance with 
the requirements of the Constitution of the State. The 
vacancy in the office of Governor in the first place was 
caused by the resignation of John W. Griggs, the then 
incumbent, that he might accept the position of Attorney- 
General of the United States. In his new sphere of duties 
Mr. Watkins gave eminent satisfaction, and he served in 
the office until January 16th, 1899, when Foster M. Voor- 
hees was sworn in as Governor for a term of three years. 

Mr. Watkins was appointed United States Attorney for 
the District of New^ Jersey in February, 1900, for a full term 
of four years. His salary is $3,000 a year. 



Clerk U. S, Circuit Court. 

S. DUNCAN OLIPHANT, Trenton. 

General Oliphant was born at Franklin Forge, on the 
Youghiogheny river, Fayette county. Pa., in 1824. He was 
graduated from Jefferson College, Washington county. Pa., 



BIOGRAPHIES. 305 

in September, 1S44; from Harvard Law School, Cambridge, 
Mass., in July, 1S47, and was admitted to practice in Fay- 
ette county, Pa., in September of the same year. In the 
fall of 1849 he entered into partnership with the Hon. 
Thomas Williams, of the Pittsburg bar, and practiced law 
there until the spring of 1852, and then, on account of the 
health of his family, removed to Yincentown, and resumed 
and continued in the practice of law there until April, 1861. 

On the 19th of April, 1S61, he recruited a volunteer com- 
pany of one hundred men, entered the military service of 
the United States with the rank of Captain, and was, from 
time to time, promoted to the rank of Major, Lieutenant- 
Colonel and Colonel, and near the close of the war to the 
rank of Brigadier-General by brevet, "for faithful and 
m.eritorious services," and assigned to the command of the 
Second Brigade of the garrison of Washington, and was 
honorably discharged and mustered out of service in Sep- 
tember, 1866. 

In the spring of 1867 he moved from Fayette county. Pa., 
to Princeton, and was admitted to practice law at the bar 
of New Jersey. In September, 1870, he was appointed Clerk 
of the Circuit Court of the L'nited States for the District 
of Xew Jersey, by the late Hon. William McKennan, which 
position he continues to hold. In the spring of 1874 he 
moved from Princeton to Trenton, where he now desides. 
No fixed salary, but instead, fees. 



Clerk U. S. District Court. 

GEORGE T. CRAXMER, Trenton. 

Mr. Cranmer was born at Barnegat, N. J., December 6th, 
1848. He was formerly engaged in the banking and broker- 
age, real estate and insurance business. He has been an 
active member of the S:ate National Guard for a number 
of years, and from 1875 to 1899 was Quartermaster of the 
Seventh Regiment. In 1878 he was the Republican candi- 
date for member of Assembly, but was defeated by Hon. 
Rufus Blodgett, since a United States Senator. In Sep- 
tember, 1879. without his solicitation, he was appointed by 
President Hayes Collector of Customs for the District of 
Little Egg PTarbor, N. J., which office he resigned July 1st, 
1880. In 1882 he was again nominated for member of As- 
sembly and elected over William J. Harrison by a majority 
of 477. In 1883 he was unanimously nominated for Senator, 
and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a plur- 
ality of 36. In 1886 he was renominated for Senator, and 

20 



30r. BIOGRAPHIES. 

elected over Judge Richard H. Conover by a plurality of 
743. In 1S89 he was again unanimously renominated for Sen- 
ator, and elected over ex-Senator Ephraim P. Emson by a 
plurality of 272. He always took an active part in the pro- 
ceedings of the Senate, and for many years was Chairman 
of the Senate Republican caucus, and also of the joint 
Republican caucus. In 1889 he was unanimously nominated 
by the Republican caucus for 'President of the Senate. He 
was an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Repub- 
lican Convention at Chicago in 1888, and also to the Minne- 
apolis Convention in 1892. In October, 1891, at a convention 
of the State League of Republican Clubs, he was elected 
an alternate Delegate-at-Large to the National Convention 
of Republican Clubs. He was appointed to his present 
office by the late Judge Green, in January, 1893, to succeed 
Linsly Rowe, who had resigned. No fixed salary, but in- 
stead, fees. 



United States Marshal. 

THOMAS J. ALCOTT, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Alcott was born in Mount Holly, N. J"., January 24th, 
1840. In the year 1855 he commenced the study of pharmacy, 
and in 1859 entered Pennington Seminary, where he pursued 
his studies until the beginning of 1863, when he enlisted in 
the Twenty-third Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, and 
served as Quartermaster Sergeant in the Army of the 
Potomac, under Generals Burnside and Hooker. In 1865 he 
became junior partner with his father, Hon. Thomas C. 
Alcott, who was a member of the Legislature in 1869, '70 and 
'71, in the foundry and machine business, under the name 
of T. C. Alcott & Son. Upon the death of his father, in 
1872, Mr. Alcott became sole proprietor of the business. He 
is the patentee and manufacturer of Alcotfs improved 
turbine water-wheel, which is so favorably known through- 
out the United States, as well as in European and South 
American countries. He was a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1884, '85 and '86, when he took a prominent 
part in legislation. He was appointed United States Mar- 
shal for New Jersey early in 1897, to succeed George Pfeif- 
fer, whose term had expired, His salary is $3,000 a year. 



BIOGRAPHIES. 307 



STATE OFFICERS. 



Secretary of State. 
GEORGE WURTS, Paterson. 

Mr. Wurts was born at Easton, Pa., in 1S29, but has been 
a resident of New Jersey from his boyhood. Early in life 
he looked forward to journalism as a profession, and at the 
outbreak of the War of the Rebellion he engaged as a 
reporter with the Newark Daily Advertiser. After a brief 
service with that paper he was offered a position on the 
Newark Mercury, then owned by Mr. E. N. Miller, and 
edited by the late John Y. Foster, upon whose resignation 
he became the editor. While engaged in those duties he 
corresponded for the New York Times and Evening Post. 
On the starting of the Brooklyn Daily Union he accepted 
the associate editoship of that paper, which he held until 
February 1st, 1865, when he resigned to become editor and 
one-half owner of the Paterson Daily Press, and has since 
been actively engaged in the service of that influential 
journal. Besides his regular editorial work, Mr. Wurts has 
written considerablj' in prose and verse for some of the 
leading periodicals of our country, including the old Knick- 
erbocker Magazine, Continental Monthly, Harper's Maga- 
zine, Northern Monthly. Harper's Weekly, Scribner's, etc. 
He was President of the New Jersey Editorial Association 
in 1876 and served as Secretary of the New Jersey State 
Senate during the legislative sessions of 18S0, 1881 and 1882. 
He has been a Trustee of the Free Public Library of Pat- 
erson from its organization, in 1885. He has been often 
solicited to become a candidate for elective office, but has 
steadily declined. He was appointed as Commissioner of 
Banking and Insurance by Governor Griggs on November 
4th. 1896, to fill the vacancy caused by ihe death of George 
S. Duryee. He served in that office until April 1st, 1897, 
v.'hen he w'as commissioned as Secretary of State, to suc- 
ceed Henry C. Kelsey, for a term of five years, he having 
been nominated by Governor Griggs and unanimously con- 
firmed by the Senate. His salary is $6,000 a year, and his 
term will expire on April 1st, 1902. 



308 BlOGIiAPIIIKS. 

Assistant Secretary of State. 

ALEXANDER H. RICKEY, Trenton. 

Mr. Rickey was born in Trenton in 1847. He received a 
public school education and gradua'ed from Eastman's 
Business College at Poughkeepsie, X. Y. He studied law 
with Hon. Alfred Reed, now a Vice-Chancellor of New 
Jersey. He has held several municipal offices, and was a 
member of Common Council of the city of Trenton from 
1871 to lS7o. He has been an attache of the office of the 
Secretary of State since 1866, and for many years chief 
clerk in the department. He was commissioned Assistant 
Secretary of State January 1st. 1890, and re-commissioned 
April 1st. 1892 and 1897. His powers and du ies, defined by 
statute, are: He "shall, during the absence or inability, 
through sickness or other cause, of the Secretary of State, 
have the same powers and perform all the duties which 
are now imposed by law upon the Secretary of State." 



State Treasurer. 
GEORGE B. SWAIN, Newark. 

Mr. Swain was born in AVarren couniv, N. J.. March 6.h, 
ls.35. When he was quite young the family moved to Morris 
county (near Dover), where he lived till after his father's 
death. In 1852 he came to Newark, where he has since 
resided. In 1853 he secured a position as clerk with Mr. 
George A. Van Wagenen, a lumber dealer, and succeeded 
to the business, with Mr. J. M. Randall as a partner, in 
1865. He has continued in the business and occupied the 
same premises to the present time. The present firm of 
Swain & Jones was formed in 1875. Mr. Swain has voted 
for every Republican candidate for President from Lincoln 
down to McKinley. In 1871 he was elected a member of 
the Newark Board of Education, and, by successive re- 
elections, served as a member of that body for twelve 
ytars, and during the last three years as its President. In 
1881 he was appointed by Governor Ludlow a member of 
the Board of Trustees of the State Reform School for Boys. 
at Jamesburg, and served one term. At the Newark city 
election in April, 1893, he was elected a Trustee of the New- 
ark City Home for two years. He is interested in many 
local associations and institutions, including the German 
National Bank of Newark, of which he is a Director and 
Vice-President. He was elected by a Joint Meeting of t! 



BIOGRAPHIES. 309 

r.egrislature of 1894 as State Treasurer to succeed George 
R. Gray, and he was re-elected in 1897 and 1900. His term 
of office is three years, and it will expire April 2d, 1003. 
Salary, $6,000 a year. 

State Comptroller. 

WILLIAM S. HANCOCK, Trenton. 

Mr. Hancock was born in Trenton, N. J., October 19th, 
1854. He received his education at the State Model School 
and Trenton Business College. In 1871 he entered the live 
stock and provision business with ex-Senator John Taylor, 
ol Trenton, and remained with him nine years. This was 
his first experience in the business world. Mr. Hancock 
was one of the organizers of the Crescent Pottery Com- 
pany, of Trenton, which was formed in July, 1881. This 
company was absorbed by the Trenton Potteries Company 
in May, 1892, when Mr. Hancock was made Vice-President 
of the new organization, which position he still holds. He 
was elected a member of the Trenton Common Council 
from the Second ward in 1888, and served his entire term 
of three years as Chairman of the Finance Committee. It 
was during this period that Chambersburg and Millham 
were consolida'.ed with Trenton, when a re-appraisement 
of all the city property was necessitated, and also a sewer 
system was established, a public park purchased and a 
paid fire department created. The management of the 
finances of the city in those years required rare skill and 
experience in order to be successful, and Mr. Hancock ac- 
quitted himself with much credit in the performance of the 
duties assigned to him. He was elected State Comptroller 
by a joint meeting of the Legislature in 1894, and re-elected 
in 1897 and 1900, each time for a term of three years. His 
salary is $6,000 a year, and his term of office will expire on 
April 2d, 190-3. 



Attorney- General. 

SAMUEL H. GREY. Camden. 

Mr. Grey was born in Camden, N. J., April 6th, 18.36, and 
is a son of Philip James Grey, for many years a leading 
man in that section of the State, and Sarah Woolston 
Stephens, his wife, a member of an Orthodox Quaker fam- 
ily. He Spent his entire life in Camden, where he was 
educated at private schools kept by Hon. I^a Payette 
Grover, afterwards Governor ot Oregon and Senator from 



310 BI0GRAPHI1':S. 

lh:it Stnto, and his brothci- Tallcyraiul. lie slii«li.Ml law 
with IJ(»ii. Al)raham i;ro\v)iiiis. the Mist AU<M-n<'y-f}«n'Tal 
appointed under the new Constitution, and was admitted 
as an attorney at the November Term. IS.')!, and as a coun- 
selor at the February Term, 1861. 

The Attorney-General long- since achieved for himself a 
high reputation as a lawyer, a pleader and an orator. He 
has figured in many prominent legal battles, in nearly all 
of which he has come out crowned with victory. His 
masterly conduct of the impeachment proceedings in the 
ease of Prison Keeper Patrick H. Laverty, in 1886, when 
he acted as counsel for the House of Assembly, brought 
about conviction by the State Senate sitting as a High 
Court of Impeachment, and which was presided over by 
John W. Griggs, since Governor of New Jersey, and now' 
Attorney-General of the United States. His argument be- 
fore the Supreme Court in 1888, in support of the constitu- 
tionality of the Local Option law, won for him a favorable 
decision, and the statute was not disturbed. With other 
eminent lawyers as his associates, he distinguished him- 
self in the famous controversy over the organization of the 
State Senate in 1894, when a full bench of the Supreme 
Court sustained his interpretation of the constitutional law 
bearing on the case. Chief Justice Beasley delivered the 
opinion of the Court, which declared that Maurice A. 
Rogers, Republican, was the dulj' elected President of the 
Senate. 

Twice has the Attorney-General been a Presidential 
Elector for New Jersey— in 1872, when the vote of the State 
was cast for Grant and Wilson, and in 1896, when it was 
recorded for McKinley and Hobart. He served as a mem- 
ber of the Constitutional Commission of 1873, and was 
President of the Constitutional Commission of 1894. 

In 1866 Mr. Grey was appointed Prosecutor of the Pleas 
for the county of Cape May, and served seven years. He 
served as a member of the Republican State Executive 
Committee from 1868 to 1871. Several times he has refused 
judicial and political honors. He could have gone to Con- 
gress in 1874, when he declined a nomination in the First 
Congressional District. Governor Griggs offered him the 
office of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1897, which 
he declined. On March 1st of the same year he was nomi- 
nated for Attorney-General, to succeed John P. Stockton, 
and he was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on the 
8th of that month. The Attorney-Creneral has been a 
Director of the Camden Safe Deposit and Trust Company 
since its organization, in 1873, and he is President of the 



BIOGRAPHIES. 311 

West Jersey Title and Guaranty Company, a position ho 
lias occupied since ils formation. 

His term as Attorney-General will expire on Apri 
1902, and his salary is $7,000 a year. 



.th. 



Commander of the National Guard. 

MAJOR-GENERAL WILLIAM JOYCE SEWELL. 

(For biographical sketch, see page given to United States 
Senator.) 

Adjutant-General. 

ALEXANDER C. OLIPHANT, Trenton. 

General A. C. Oliphant was born in Uniontown, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 25, 1860. In 1867 his family removed to New 
Jersey, where they have resided ever since. The General 
is the sixth of a family of ten sons, all of whom, with the 
exception of one, who is pursuing a prosperous career as 
a civil engineer in Michigan, are successful business and 
professional men in Trenton. He is a son of General S. 
Duncan Oliphant, who served with distinction in the Civil 
war and is now Clerk of the United States Circuit Court 
for the District of New Jersey, a position which he has 
occupied for over thirty j-ears. 

General A. C. Oliphant received his early education in the 
State Model School at Trenton and at the Hill School at 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania. His first active military train- 
ing was received while a member of Company A, Seventh 
Regiment, National Guard of New Jersey, during the rail- 
road riots in August, 1877, and was with his company at 
Phillipsburg, when that important strategic point was 
guarded by the Provisional Brigade unaer the CQmmand 
of Major-General William J. Sewell. Upon his return from 
this duty he received an appointment to the United States 
Naval Academy at Annapolis, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1881. He at once received orders to join 
the L". S. S. Lancaster, the flagship of the European squad- 
ron, then commanded by Captain (now Rear- Admiral) 
Bancroft Gherardi. General A. C. Oliphant was in the 
force that was landed at Alexandria in July, 1882, to re- 
pulse the anticipated attack on that city Dy the Egyptian 
rebels. 

In 1883. upon passing his examination for promotion to 
the rank of Ensign, he was honorably discharged, with 



r!]2 BTOGRAPF1TES. 

additional pay, 1»y reason of the anlion of ronKross in ro- 
(liuin.i^- tlic numl)er of naval ofticeis of :ill ranks. In 18S0 
he was appointed Major and Engineer on the staff of 
Major-General William J. Sewell, then commanding the 
Second Brigade, National Guard of New Jersey, and later 
Vv'as made Colonel and Inspector of Division. 

At the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, General 
A. C. Oliphant applied to Washington for a commission 
in the volunteer service. At the suggestion of his prede- 
cessor, the iate Adjutant-General William S. Stryker, he 
was specially detailed as Acting Aide-de-Camp and Mili- 
tary Secretary to the Hon. Foster M. Voorhees, Governor 
and Commander-in-Chief, on duty at the State Headquar- 
ters at camp at Sea Girt, and assisted in the enlisting and 
organizing of troops called for by the national government 
in that war. 

By reason of his special training and his wide acquaint- 
anceship with officials prominent in military and civil life, 
he was able to render most valuable service to the State 
and its officers. 

At the conclusion of the war, Governor A'oorhees, in rec- 
ognition of his experience and efficiency, appointed him 
Assistant Adjutant-General of the State. 

Upon the death of General William S. Stryker, who had 
served as Adjutant-General for thirty-three years, the 
Governor commissioned Colonel Oliphant to fill the 
vacancy. The appointment was a most popular one and 
was received with approval throughout the State and in 
the military and naval circles of the nation, where General 
Oliphant is well known. 

General A. C. Oliphant is a son-in-law of United States 
Senator Stephen B. Elkins, of West Virginia, and his social 
prominence and military and naval connections particu- 
larly equip him for the office of Adjutant-General. His 
salary is $2,500 per year. 



Quartermaster- General. 
RICHARD GRANT AUGUSTUS DONNELLY, Trenton. 

General Donnelly was born at Richmond, Staten Island, 
in the year 1841, of an Irish father and an American mother 
of Scotch descent. He was educated in the district school 
of Richmond, and at a select boarding school near Belle- 
ville, Essex county, N. J. In 1854 he removed to Hoboken. 
N. J., and entered the law office of Hon. J. Dunn Littell, 
remaining there until the decease of his instructor, which 



BIOGRAPHIES. 313 

occurred in 1S57. He then entered into mercantile pursuits 
as a clerk. He began his military career in February, iSU't, 
as a private in Company B, First Regiment. Hudson Bri- 
gade. At the breaking- out of the War of the Rebellion he 
enlisted as a private in Company I, First New Jersey Vol- 
unteers, attached to Kearny's Brigade, Army of the Poto- 
mac, and was advanced to the grades of Corporal and 
Sergeant respectively, passing a creditable examination for 
promotion just previous to the battle of Gaines' Mills. At 
this engag-ement he was twice wounded, slightly in the left 
arm during the early part and severely dviring the latter 
part of the fight. Left on the field of battle, he was taken 
prisoner and confined in Libby Prison until exchanged. 
He was discharged from the United States service at 
McKim's Mansion Hospital, Baltimore, Md., by reason of 
physical disability caused by gunshot wounds received In 
liattle. He returned home, and, after a period of four 
months, was capable of resuming- his position in New York 
city as a salesman. 

In the year 1867 he removed to Trenton and embarked in 
the hosiery and furnishing goods business, which he still 
carries on. General Donnelly re-entered the military ser- 
vice of New Jersey March 18th. 1879, as Paymaster of the 
Seventh Regiment, National Guard. He was promoted 
Major, January 20th, 1881: Lieutenant-Colonel, May 31st, 
1SS2. and Colonel, September 7th, 1882. He was appointed 
Quartermaster-General by Governor Green, January 13th. 
1S?0, which appointment was sent to the Senate by Gover- 
nor Abbett and unanimously confirmed by that body March 
5th, 1890. 

General Donnelly was Major of the provisional battalion 
which distinguished itself at Yorktown at the centennial 
celebration in 1881, and was proffered by Governor Green 
the command of the veteran camp at Gettysburg, during 
the ceremonies of the unveiling of the monuments, in 18S8, 
to the New Jersey heroes of the battle of Gettysburg, 
which he was obliged to decline in consequence of other 
engagements. He was Chairman of the Board of Commis- 
sioners to select grounds and erect buildings for the new 
Soldiers' Home at Kearny, which was completed some 
years ago. He was appointed a Trustee of the New Jersey 
State Reform School at Jamesburg. by Governor Abbett, in 
1885. He was re-appointed by the joint meeting of the 
Legislature in 1888. He is one of the Managers of the 
Home for Disabled Soldiers; is interested in several stock 
companies and land associations as a director, and is a 
member of many beneficial and social societies. He is a 



014 BIOGRAPHIES. 

J'asl ('omninndfr of Aaron Wilkos Post, No. 2.".. In 1S92 he 
was ^ho.^cn Commandur (jf the G. A. K.. Dt'pJii'tmcnt of 
New Jersey. He was twice elected to the House of Assem- 
bly, and has served two terms as Mayor of the city of 
Trenton. He has served as Treasurer of the Democratic 
State Committee since September, 1895. On February 15th, 
1S99, he was nominated by Governor Voornees for appoint- 
ment as Major-General by brevet for his long and meritor- 
ious services as Quartermaster-General, and on February 
2&th, the nomination was unanimously confirmed by the 
Senate. 

The office of Quartermaster-General carries w-ith it the 
responsible positions of Commissary-General, Paymaster- 
General and Chief of Ordnance. Salary, .$1,200. 



Clerk of the Supreme Court. 
WILLIAM RIKER. JR., Orange. 

Mr. Riker was born in Newark, N. J., January 14th, 1850. 
His father, William Riker, Sr., was for many years a suc- 
cessful manufacturing- jeweler, and retiring from active 
business w'as succeeded by two of his sons, one of whom 
is the subject of this sketch. Mr. Riker completed his 
education in the Newark Academy, and thereupon engaged 
in the jewelry business with his father, afterwards becom- 
ing a partner, and later one of his successors, and is still 
engaged in that business. 

He was chosen as a delegate to the National Republican 
Conventions of 1884 and 1896; elected Alderman of the city 
of Orange in 1893 and Register of Deeds and Mortgages for 
Essex county in the same year. The latter office he re- 
signed before the completion of his term in order to accept 
the appointment by Governor Griggs as Clerk of the 
Supreme Court. 

He has served as member and Treasurer of the Essex 
County Republican Committee for a number of years. He 
was chosen Treasurer of the Republican State Committee 
in 1898. His salary is $6,000 a year, and his term of office, 
which is for five years, will expire on November 2d, 1902. 



Clerk in Chancery. 

LEWIS A. THOMPSON, Somerville. 

Mr. Thompson was born at Basking Ridge, Somerset 
county, N. J., July 19th, 1845. He taught school for five 



BIOGRAPHIES. 315 

years, and then engaged in the millinery and fancy gctixls 
business at Somerville. He was elected Sheriff of Somerset 
county in 1880 for a term of three years, and he was Presi- 
dent of the Board of Commissioners of Somerville two 
years, 1883 and 1884. He was elected Senator in 1884 over 
Lane, Dem., by a plurality of 89; re-elected in 1887 over 
Bergen, Dem., by a plurality of 450, and again in 1893 by 
a largely-increased plurality of 893 over Beekman, Dem. 
During his service in the Senate he was a member of the 
most important committees and always took an active part 
in legislation. In 1S96 he served as President of the Senate, 
when he discharged the duties of the ofRce witn signal abil- 
ity and marked impartiality. He resigned on March 6th 
to accept the position of Clerk in Chancery, to which he 
had just been nominated by the Governor and unanimously 
confirmed by the Senate. His term is five years, and will 
expire March 30th, 1901. His salary is $6,000 a year. 



Superintendent of Public Instruction. 
CHARLES J. BAXTER. Plainfield. 

Mr. Baxter was born at Glenwood. Sussex county, N. J., 
on November 8th, 1841. He attended the district school 
there until he was twelve years of age, after which he 
went to work on his father's farm, continuing his studies 
by himself and with the help of an uncle who had gradu- 
ated from Lafayette College and then lived on the next 
farm. On his eighteenth birthday he started his educa- 
tional work as a teacher in the district school at Frankfort 
Plains, N. J. After twelve years of teaching in several 
district schools, Mr. Baxter was appointed Principal of 
the Franklin Furnace District School. He gradually im- 
proved the condition of the school until it was converted 
into a High School, remaining in that position for thirteen 
years. After leaving Franklin Furnace, about ten years 
ago, he moved to Plainfield, where he became connected 
with the Provident Life and Trust Company, of Philadel- 
phia. 

In 1875 Mr. Baxter was nominated and renominated as 
County School Superintendent of Sussex county by the 
State Board of Education, but was rejected by the Demo- 
cratic Board of Freeholders because of his party affilia- 
tions. This started the agitation which resulted in that 
power being taken from the Board of Freeholders and 
given to the Board of Education. He was apijointed to his 



r:ir, p.iographies. 

|M. sent iMisilidii l)y (Jovornor (Jiri«ss <'n March 2-llh, IKHtl. as 
a .successor to Addison B. Poland, who had resij^ned. Two 
(lays later Mr. Baxter was confirmed by the Senate for a 
I'till t'-rni of three years. Tn 1899 he was re-appointed for 
audthci- term of three years. His salary is %?,,(m a year. 



Keeper of the State Prison. 

SAMITEL S. MOORE. Elizabeth. 

Mr. Moore was born in Easton. Pa., March 2t)th, 1S34. He 
is of an old New Jersey family. His great-great-grand- 
father, Nathaniel Moore, left New! own, Long Island, in 
1708, and settled in Hopewell, N. J. He, Thomas Reed, 
John Cornwall and John Mott, bought 1.300 acres of land 
on which Pennington is now situated. Mr. Moore died 
September 6th, 1759, leaving a large family. His son, Cap- 
tain John Moore, was born in Hopewell in 1718, and died 
September 3d, 1768. He was in Colonel Samuel Hunt's regi- 
ment in the French-Indian wars. His son Samuel was 
])orn in Hopewell, Hunterdon county, in 1754, and removed 
to Easton, Pa., in 1782, and died there March 9th, 1799. He 
was a Minuteman in the Revolution, and afterwards served 
in Captain John Mott's company. First Regiment (Hunter- 
don county). His son, the father of the present Prison 
Keeper, was born at Easton, Pa., September 28th, 1794. and 
died at Easton, June 18th, 1883. He was educated in Phila- 
delphia; was Second Sergeant, First Company, First Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Colonel Thomas Hum- 
phrey Ward, in 1812-14, He was editor of the Spirit of Penn- 
sylvania and the Belvidere Apollo; Clerk of the Court. Jus- 
tice of the Peace, and Chief Burgess of Easton, etc. 

The present Keeper of the State Prison settled in Eliza - 
bethtown, N. J., in 1855. When a boy he was a telegraph 
operator, and since then has been an accountant, and was 
for ten years connected with the National State Bank at 
Elizabeth as Notary, etc. He has also been a real estate 
broker. He was Collector for the county of Union in 1875- 
76; Overseer of the Poor of Elizabeth four years; Post- 
master at Elizabeth under the Harrison administration, 
and has been for nearly twenty-five years a member of 
the Union County Republican Committee; also the Repub- 
lican Committee of the city of Elizabeth. He was ap- 
pointed Keeper of the State Prison ad interim April 22d, 
1896. On March 1st, 1897, he was nominated, and on the ISth 
of the same month unanimously confirmed by the Senae 



BIOGRAPHIES. 317 

for a full term of live years. His term will expire on March 
ISth, 1902, and his salary is $3,500 a year. 



State Prison Supervisor. 
EDWARD J. ANDERSON. Somerville. 

Major Anderson, who was born at Flemington, Hunter- 
don county. N. J.. December 15h, 1830, is of pre-Revolution- 
ary stock. His great-grandfather, on his father's side, was 
a native of the Colonies, and held an ofiice in the British 
service prior to the Revolution, but jointed the patriot 
cause on the breaking out of hostilities and fought through 
the war on the side of liberty. On his mother's side the 
Major's earliest ancestor in this country was Samuel 
Fleming, who, in 1756, founded and gave his name to Flem- 
ington, the county seat of Hunterdon county, and whose 
daughter Esther married Colonel Thomas Lowrey, who 
commanded a regiment of the New Jersey contingent 
troops during the Revolutionary war, subsequently held 
many important public trusts in this State, and in 1790 
was designated bj^ the Legislature as a member of the 
Commission which selected the site upon which the present 
State Capitol stands. His son. William Lowrey, was also 
an ofTicer of the New Jersey troops during the Revolution- 
ary war, and his daughter was the grandmother of the 
subject of this present sketch. 

After receiving a common school education, the Major 
engaged in mercantile pursuits in Philadelphia, Pa., until 
the breaking out of the Civil war, when he returned to 
New Jersey and was appointed principal assistant in the 
Adjutant-General's Department of the State, which posi- 
tion he held until the close of the war, when he resigned 
and engaged in business in New York city, retaining, how- 
ever, his residence in New Jersey. In 1871 he was appointed 
first assistant in the office of the Sta.e Comptroller, which 
he held until 1880. In that year he was elected Comptroller 
by the Legislature, and held the office until 1891, when he 
was succeeded by General Heppenheimer, Democrat. He 
v.'as appointed Fish Commissioner in 1878. and held that 
office until 1883. The Major is an active and ardent Repub- 
lican. For thirteen years he was a member of the Mercer 
County Republican Committee, and has been for twenty- 
one years a memlier of the Republican State Committee, 
and for several years served as Vice-Chairman of the latter 
body. He was nominated by Governor Werts for Prison 
Supervisor in 1894, to succeed James M. Seymour, a Demo- 



:!1S BIOGRAPHIES. 

(•rat, and was ecjnfirmed by the Senate for a term of three 
years. In 1897 he was renominated by Governor Griggs and 
was confirmed for another full term. In 1900 he was again 
nominated by Governor Voorhees for another term and 
was confirmed by the Senate. His term expires June 11th, 
1903, and his salary is .$3,000 a year. 



State Librarian, 
HENRY C. BUCHANAN, Trenton. 
. Mr. Buchanan was born in Falls township, Pa., within a 
few miles of Trenton, March 7th, 1851. His father was 
William Buchanan, who came to this country from Scot- 
land in 1842, when a young man. The State Librarian 
attended the public schools in his native place until he was 
about eleven years of age, when he entered the Trenton 
Academy. When thirteen years old he become employed 
in the State Gazette establishment as office boy. He left 
this place shortly afterward and took a similar position 
in the job printing office of Murphy & Bechtel, where the 
Monitor, a daily paper owned by Joseph C. Potts, was then 
being printed. When the Monitor owners fitted up their 
own printing office young Buchanan went with them and 
remained until the Monitor was bought by the then owners 
of the Gazette. This brought him back to the Gazette 
office, where he remained until 1868, when he went to New 
York, During the next year, being anxious to see some- 
thing of the country, he worked at his trade in New York, 
Harrisburg and Cincinnati, but in 1869 he came back to 
Trenton and went to work again on the Gazette. After 
four years there he went to Hartford, where he worked 
the next four years, coming back to Trenton and accepting 
a position as foreman and proofreader for MacCrellish & 
Quigley, with both of whom he had worked at the case 
when learning his trade as a printer. Remaining with 
MacCrellish & Quigley until January 1st, 1882, Mr. Buchan- 
an next went back once more to the Gazette, then owned 
by Mr. Murphy alone, and remained conimuously there 
until his appointment as State Librarian. When he went 
to the Gazette office in 1882 it was as proofreader, but soon 
afterward he was made news editor, and about five years 
ago was made the city editor as well. 

Besides being city and news editor on the Gazette, Mr. 
Buchanan, for fifteen years, was the Trenton corre- 
spondent of the Paterson Press, and for five years he acted 
in a like capacity for the New York Sun. He was for 



BIOGRAPHIES. 319 

several years also the Trenton correspondent of the Phiia- 
delphia Inquirer. On February 1st, 1899, he received his 
commission as State Librarian as successor to Morris R. 
Hamilton, for a term of five years, at a salary of $2,000 a 
year. 



State of Board of Assessors. 
BIRD W. SPENCER, President, Passaic. 

General Spencer was born in New Jersey in 1845. He 
entered the service of the New York, Lake Erie and West- 
ern Railroad Company January 1st, 1860, where he re- 
m.ained for twenty-five years. During- that period he 
served as Clerk, Division Superintendent, Paymaster, 
Cashier, Assistant Treasurer and Treasurer. In 1863 he 
enlisted in the Seventh Regiment, N. Y. , and has served 
continuously in the militia from that year to the present 
time. On May 4th, 1876, he was appointed Colonel and 
Aide-de-Camp on the staff of Governor Bedle; June 4th. 
1878, Major and Deputy Quartermaster, and on May 23d, 
1881, Brig-adier-General and Inspector-General of Rifie 
Practice. 

He Is now a member of the firm of Campbell, Morrell & 
Co., merchants, Passaic, and is also President of the Peo- 
ple's Bank and Trust Company. He has been Mayor of 
the city of Passaic three terms, or six years altog-ether. 
from 1879 to 1885. He was a member ot Common Council 
for five years, prior to his election as Mayor, and he has 
held the former office since 1885. He was appointed a mem- 
ber of the State Board of Assessors by Governor Green 
in May, 1889, for a term of four years, and was re-appointed 
by Governor Werts in 1893, and by Governor Griggs in 1897. 
He served as President of that body in 1893, and from 1895 
continuously to the present time. His term will expire Mav 
4th, 1901. 

ROBERT STOCKTON GREEN, Elizabeth. 

Mr. Green was born in Elizabeth, N. J., on the 16th day 
of October, 1865. He was graduated from the College of 
New Jersey in June, 1886, and in January of 1887 he was 
appointed Private Secretary to the Governor of New Jer- 
sey, which office he held until 1890. He was admitted to 
the bar of this State in June, 1891, and to the bar of the 
State of New York in October, 1892, from which time until 
the first of December, 1896, he was connected with the 
well-known law firm of Seward, Guthrie, Morawitz & 



;i20 BIOGRAPHIES. 

Steele, of New York city. He was appoinUMl a member <jf 
the State Board of Assessors by Governor Griggs, in April. 
1S96, for a full term of four years, and in 1900 he was re- 
appointed by Governor Voorhees for another full term. 
On the first day of December, 1896, he formed with Albert 
C. Wall a copartnership for the general practice of the 
law, under the firm name of Wall & Green, with offices 
in the Fuller Building, No. 1 Montgomery stree\ Jersey 
( i(y. His term will expire in April, 1904. 

STEPHEN J. MEEKER, Newark. 

Mr. Meeker was born in Newark, N. J., March 17th, 1843, 
where he has always lived. He received a common school 
education, and after a year's service in the counting-room 
of a large hardware house in New York city, William 
Bryce & Co., he learned the foundry business with his 
father, David M. Meeker joining him in partnership in 1873, 
and upon his father's death succeeded to the business. 

He comes of a strong Democratic family. He never held 
public office until appointed a Commissioner to the World's 
Fair, at Chicago, by Governor Abbett, March 31st, 1891. 
He was one of the Temporary Essex County Park Com- 
missioners, selected by Judge Depue, and was re-appointed 
by him on the present Commission. Governor Griggs ap- 
pointed him on the State Board of Assessors, to succeed 
Colonel A. R. Kuser, and he was confirmed by the Senate 
on March 3d, 1896, for a full term of four years. In 1900 he 
w^as appointed for another full term by Governor Voorhees. 
His term will expire in March, 1904. 

AMOS GIBBS, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Gibbs was born in Columbus. Burlington county, 
N. J., in 1838. He was educated in the common schools and 
at the boarding-school of Samuel J. Gummere, at Burling- 
ton. He was elected Clerk of Burlington county in 1863, 
when he removed to Mount Holly. He was also the first 
Auditor of Burlington county, being named by the Legis- 
lature in 1872, the year the act was passed, and elected to 
the same office the three succeeding years. He is now 
President of the Mount Holly Insurance Company, the 
Mount Hally Electric Light CQompany and the 
Mount Holly Street Railway Company. For a num- 
ber of years he was engaged in the manufacture of phos- 
phorus and fertilizers, retiring from business in 1891. He 
is now Chairman of the Burlington County Republican 
Committee, a position he has held for several years. He 



BIOGRAPHIES. 321 

was appointed a member of the State Board of Assessors 
by Governor Griggs in January, IS'JT, for the term of four 
years. His term will expire in January, 1901. 

IRVINE E. MAGUIRE, Secretary, Palmyra. 

Mr. Maguire was born in Camden, N. J., on January 22d, 
1S53, in which city he lived continuously vmtil 1886, when he 
removed to his present residence at Palmyra, Burlington 
county. He received his education in the public schools 
of Camden and Philadelphia, and in 1868, at the age of fif- 
teen years, entered the counting-room of Alexander G. 
Cattell & Co., then the largest grain exporting house in 
the city of Philadelphia, and of which firm the late ex- 
United States Senator Alexander G. Cattell was the senior 
member. Mr. Maguire remained in the service of the 
Messrs. Cattell until the year 1884, rising from the position 
of office boy to that of cashier and. chief bookkeeper. In 
the latter year, shortly after the organization of the State 
Board of Assessors, he was appointed Assistant Secretarj- 
of that Board, and. placed in charge particularly of the 
figures and accounting of the department. He was elected 
Secretary of the Board June 18th, 1895. 



State Board of Taxation. 
CHARLES C. BLACK, Jersey City. 

Mr. Black was born on a farm in Burlington county, near 
Mount Holly, N.- J., on July 29th, 1858. He was prepared 
for college at the Mount Holly Academy, and entered 
Princeton College in 1874, being graduated with the class 
of '78. He stvidied law with Colonel James N. Stratton, of 
Mount Holly; Messrs. Coult & Howell, of Newark, and at 
the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor. He was admit- 
ted to the bar of New Jersey as an attorney in June. 1S81. 
and as a counselor in June, 1884. After being admitted to 
the bar he located at Jersey City, and has practiced law- 
there ever since. For ten years he has been a member of 
the law firm of Randolph, Condict & Black. 

He served for five years as a member of the Hudson 
County Board of Registration imder the Ballot Reform 
I>aw, and was appointed as a member of the State Board 
of Taxation on March 21st, 1891, for a term of five years, 
'and was re-appointed for another term in 1896. Mr. Black 
has made two valuable additions to the literature of the 
liiw in his "Proof and Pleadings in Accident Cases" and 



322 T^IOORAPHIER. 

"New Jorsey Law of Taxation." His t<irn will (-xiiire in 

HENRY J. WEST, President, (iloueestor City. 

Mr. West was born in Rhode island in ISoO, and is the 
eldest son of Henry J. West, for over thirty years the 
manager of the Washington Cotton Mills, at Gloucester 
City. He at' ended the public schools at Gloucester City. 
Professor Gregory's Classical and English School in Phila- 
delphia, and subsequently took a course in civil engineering 
at the Philadelphia Polytechnic College, leaving that insti- 
tution to engage in the practical work of the mills. He 
served a regular apprenticeship in the machine shops and 
other departments of the works, after which he was made 
assistant in the management of the concern, retiring from 
that position in June, 1885. He was appointed Under-Sheriff 
by Sheriff Baird, in November, 1887. and was elected Sheriff 
of Camden county in 1890. He was nominated by Governor 
Werts as a member of the State Board of Taxation, which 
nomination was unanimously confirmed by the Senate on 
May 18th, 1894, for a term of five years. He was re- 
appointed in 1899 and his term will expire in May, 1904. 

CARL LENTZ, Newark. 

Major Lentz w^as born at Bamberg, Bavaria, July 1st, 
1845, and came to the United States at an early age. When 
only sixteen he enlisted in the First Connecticut Cavalry 
Volunteers, First Brigade, Third Division, Cavalry Corps. 
From private he became a non-commissioned officer, and 
after the battle of the Wilderness he was promoted, in 
May, 1864, to a lieutenancy. In one of the cavalry fights, 
which took place July 12th, 1864, in the vicinity of Wash- 
ington, D. C, during the invasion of Early, he lost his 
right arm, and thus disabled he was mustered out of service 
December 24th, 1864. As soon as he had sufficiently recov- 
ered from the effects of his wounds he entered Columbia 
University, W^ashington, D. C, and was graduated there- 
from in 1869. Subsequently he became a student in the law- 
department of the same university, and in 1873 received the 
degree of LL. B. In November of the latter year he was 
admitted to the bar of New Jersey, and soon afterward 
settled in Newark, where he began the practice of his pro- 
fession. He has always been an active Republican, and 
he has served as Chairman of the Essex County Republican 
Committee for several years. He was appointed a member 
of the State Board of Taxation bj' Governor Griggs, for a 



BIOGRAPHIES. 323 

full term of five years, on February ISth. 1896. and was con- 
lii-med by the Senate on March 3d following. His term will 
expire in March, 1901. 

JOSEPH THOMPSON. Atlantic City. 

Mr. Thompson was born at May's Landing, N. J., Sep- 
tember 21st, 1853, and is a son of William W. and Hester 
T. Pennington Thompson. He was admitted to the bar 
of this State in June, 1878, and located in Atlantic City in 
June, 1880. He was Collector of Atlantic county from May, 
1881. to May, 1883; Prosecutor of the county for ten years, 
fiom March, 1881, to March, 1891, and from April, 1892, to 
April, 1898, was Law Judge of the county of Atlantic. On 
March 9th, 1898, he was elected Mayor of Atlantic City. On 
January 25th, 1898, he was nominated by Governor Griggs 
as a Manager of the State Hospital at Trenton, to fill a 
vacancy caused by the death of Dr. Joseph F. Edwards, 
and he was confirmed on the 31st of the same month. In 
July, 1898, he was appointed a member of the State Board 
of Taxation, to fill a vacancy, and in 1899 he was nominated 
and confirmed for a full term of five years. In 1882 he was 
elected Solicitor of the Board of Chosen Freeholders of 
Atlantic county, and has been re-elected every year since 
that date. He was one of the organizers of the Second 
National Bank and the Atlantic Safe Deposit and Trust 
Company, and has been a Director and Solicitor of both 
institutions since their organization. He has been Solicitor 
for the Atlantic City Railroad for the past eleven years. 
His term will expire in 1904. 

THOMAS B. USHER, Secretary, Trenton. 

Mr. Lusher was born at Bonnsville, in the northern part 
of Hudson county. N. J., on the 30th of March, 1861. in 
which locality he still resides. He comes of sturdy Scotch 
ancestry. He received a common school education, supple- 
mented by a business course at Cooper Union, New York 
city. He was a member of the House of Assembly for two 
terms, 1890 and 1891, and has been the Secretary of the 
State Board of Taxation since its inception. 



Commissioner of Banking and Insurance. 

WILLIAM BETTLE, Oaklyn, Camden County. 

Mr. Bettle is of an old Quaker family, and was born in 
Philadelphia in 18.30, where he resided until he was sixteen, 



324 BIOGRAPHIES. 

whon he removed to New Jersey. For four years he lived 
ntar Yardvillo, Mercer counly, obtaining a practical 
knowledge of farming', when he purchased a farm in Had- 
don township, Camden county, about four miles from the 
city of Camden, which has been his home ever since. He 
has always been much interested in the management of 
his large farm, which is considered one of the best in South 
Jersey, and is somewhat noted for the good crops raised, 
and for the neatness and care with which everything is 
kept. Mr. Bettle has taken an active interest in political 
affairs since early manhood, but has always refused to be 
a candidate for office, although repeatedly solicited to do 
so. He had never held any office until appointed by Gover- 
nor Griggs to his present position in April, 1897. He was 
re-appointed by Governor Voorhees in 1900. He has been a 
Member-at-Large of the Republican State Committee for 
a number of j'ears and his advice and judgment are much 
valued by his colleagues. Mr. Bettle is an active Director 
in most of the railroads in South Jersey in the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad system, and is interested in many business 
enterprises. His term of office is three years, and will ex- 
pire in 1903, and salary $4,000 a year. 



Chief of the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. 
WILLIAM STAINSBY, Newark. 
Mr. Stainsby w^as born in England, July 3d, 1829, and 
came to this country when but tw^o years of age. He 
learned the trade of a hatter, which he followed for some 
time, and subsequently he spent fifteen years in the sad- 
dlery and hardware business. For a number of years he 
was engaged in the wholesale and retail business of oils 
and paints in the city of Newark. He served as a member 
of the Board of Aldermen of that city from January 1st, 
1866, to January 1st, 1879, and again from 1890 to 1894, making 
a total of sixteen years' and four months' service alto- 
gether. He was President of that body in 1876 and 1877, and 
in other years he was Chairman of the most important 
committees. He represented Essex county in the State 
Senate in 1882, 1883 and 1884, during the period when the 
railroad and corporation taxation measures were before 
that body. He took a leading part in that legislation and 
also in the consideration and discussion of all other ques- 
tions of importance. He was a member of the Board of 
Works of the city of Newark from May, 1895, to May, 1898, 
when he made a most creditable record. Mr. Stainsby has 



BIOGRAPHIES. 325 

ever been a loyal supporter of the Republican party, and 
he is a leader of much prominence in Essex county. He 
was nominated by Governor Voorhees as Chief of the 
Bureau of Labor and Statistics on March 24th, 1898, for a 
term of five years, and he was confirmed by the Senate on 
the following da5^ His salary is $2,500 a year, and his term 
will expire in 1903. 



Inspector of Factories and Workshops. 

JOHN C. WARD, Centreton, Salem County. 

Mr. Ward was born in Camden, N. J., September 9th, 
1853, and is a farmer. He was Sergeant of Company E, 
Centennial Guard, of Philadelphia, in 1876, at the Centen- 
nial Exhibition. He served as a member of the House of 
Assembly in 1889 and 1890, and as State Senator from 1891 
to 1896, from Salem county. He was appointed to his pres- 
ent office by Governor Griggs, on March 26th, 1896, and 
was promptly confirmed by the Senate. His term of office 
is five years, and salary $2,500. His term will expire in 1901. 



Custodian of the Capitol. 

JOHN H. BONNELL, Newark. 

Mr. Bonnell was born in Newton, Sussex county, N. J., 
January 5th, 1849, which was his home until 1873, when 
he removed to Newark, N. J. In 1887 he was elected Super- 
intendent of the Court House at Newark, N. J., by the 
Republican Board of Freeholders, which office he held 
for three years. He was appointed Supervisor of the Cen- 
sus of Essex county for 1890, and at the close of the census 
work he was appointed by Charles Foster, Secretary of 
the Treasury, to a position in the customs service, which 
he held until Grover Cleveland was elected President; he 
then sent in his resignation, which was accepted in due 
time. He has always been very closely identified with the 
interests of the Republican party, and is an active member 
of the Republican Indian League of New Jersey, and is 
serving his tenth term as Treasurer of that organization. 
In 1899 he was nominated by the Republican Convention 
of Essex county for the office of Sheriff, and although his 
election was assured, he was forced to decline the honor 
owing to ill-health and much to the sorrow of his host 
of friends. He was appointed Custodian of the Capitol in 
1894, and his salary is $2,000 a year. 



326 BIOGRAPIJIKS. 

Commissioner of Public Roads. 
HENRY I. BUDD, Mount Holly. 

Mr. Budd was born March 21st, 1836, on the Budd home- 
stead, between Pemberton and Vincentown, Southampton 
township, Burling-ton county. His ancestors were among 
the original colonial proprietors of West Jersey, and their 
descendants for over two hundred years have been, mostly 
in one locality, largely interested in agriculture. Mr. Budd 
was prepared for college at Pennington and Mr. Colloms' 
Academy, and graduated in 1855 at Bucknell University. Pa. 

He has resided for thirty-four years in Mount Holly. 
He is extensively engaged in farming, and has always 
taken a great pride in agricultural pursuits. Aside from 
this, he gratifies his tastes and occupies much of his time 
with educational and other institutions. He has for a 
number of years acted as President of the Burlington 
County Agricultural Society; Mount Holly, Lumberton and 
Medford Railroad; Vice-President, Trustee and Curator of 
the Burlington County Lyceum of History and Natural 
Sciences; Secretary of the Burlington County Board of 
Agriculture; Secretary of the New Jersey Horticultural 
Society; also a member of other State, county, historical, 
literary and agricultural organizations. He is thoroughly 
imbued with the idea that agriculture should rank higher 
than any other profession or industry; is an earnest advo- 
cate of road improvement or any measure that will advance 
the producing interests. Mr. Budd was, on the 21st of May. 
1895, appointed by Governor Werts to his present position, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the death of Edward Burrough. 
and in 1896 he was appointed by Governor Griggs for a 
full term of three years. In 1899 he was re-appointed by 
Governor Voorhees. His term will expire in 1902, and his 
salary is $1,500 a year. 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 327 



EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 



1901. 

C'hancelloi'— William J. Magie. ad interim. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court— David A. Depue. ad 
interim. 

Justices of the Supreme Court— John Franklin Fort and 
Abram Q. Garretson. both ad interim. 

Clerk in Chancery— Lewis A. Thompson, March 30th. 

State Board of Assessors— Bird W. Spencer, May 4th: 
Amos Gibbs, January 26th. 

State Board of Taxation— Charles C. Black. Carl Lentz; 
both April 1st. 

Inspector of Factories and Workshops— John C. Ward. 
March 26th. 

Trustees of the State Home for Girls- John D. Rue, Will- 
iam H. McCullough. Alfred D. Carnagy, Howell C. Stull, 
Noble C. Bristol, Annie V. P. Emley, Lydia G. Bergen. Ann 
Augusta Allison, Mary S. Atterbury; all ad interim. 

Trustees of State Home for Boys— Gervas Ely, James M. 
Parsons; both May 25th. 

State Board of Arbitration— James Martin, Jc^hn W. 
Dent. James O. Smith, William M. Doughty, Jacob Van 
Hook; all March 25th. 

County Judges— Cape May, Harry S. Douglass; Hunter- 
don, H. Burdett Herr, April 1st; Middlesex. Woodbridge 
Strong, April 1st; Salem, Clement H. Sinnickson, April 1st; 
Sussex, Henry Huston. April 1st; Essex. Alfred F. Skinner, 
ad interim. 

Prosecutors of the Pleas— Gloucester. Lewis Starr, Janu- 
ary 2Sth; Hunterdon, Walter F. Hayhurst, April 6th; Mid- 
dlesex, John S. Voorhees, February 17th; Passaic, Eugene 
Emley, April 1st; Warren, George A. Angle, April 1st. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Armin Uebelacker, 
William P. Watson. William L. Newell; all July 4th. 

District Court Judges— Camden, C. V. D. Joline, April 1st; 
Elizabeth, Edward S. Atwater, April 1st; Paterson, Will- 
iam I. Lewis, April 1st; Orange, Charles B. Storrs, March 
26th; Passaic, William W. Watson, ad interim; Atlantic 
City, Robert H. Ingersoll, ad interim. 

State Board of Education— Third district. Samuel St. 
John McCutcheon, April 1st: Fifth district, Francis Scott, 
April 1st; Sixth district, James L. Hays, April 1st; Seventh 
district, Otto Crouse, May 25th. 



228 EXECUTIVE APPOINTMENTS. 

Board of Managers of Village for Epileptics— John H. 
Ewing and Thomas J. Smith, both February 15th; Theodore 
Foote, John R. Hardin, Alexander W. Mack and Thomas 
P. Reynolds, ad interim. 

Fish and Game Commissioner— Richard T. Miller, ad in- 
terim. 

Manager of New Jersey State Hospital at Morristown— 
Richard A. McCurdy, ad interim. 

Board of Visitors to the State Agricultural College— First 
district, Elwood Evans, T. F. D. Baker; Second district, 
Samuel B. Ketcham, John E. Darnell; Third district, David 
D. Denise, James Neilson; Fourth district, George Fritts, 
Elias N. Millen; Fifth district, Samuel R. Demarest, Jr., 
George H. Blakely; Sixth district, L. H. Muller, Charles 
L. Jones; Seventh district, Rynear J. Wortendyke, va- 
cancy, ad interim; Eighth district, George E. De Camp. 
George W. Doty, all March 29th, 

Member of the Board of State Sewerage Commission- 
David L. Wallace, May 1st, 1901. 

Five persons for the Public Library Commission for 
terms of from one to five years. 

Board of Managers of the Home for Soldiers, Sailors, 
Marines and their Wives— J. Howard Willets, ad interim. 

Ten members of Palisade Interstate Park Commission. 

GOVERNOR ALONE. 

Deputy Factory Inspectors — Lewis H. Barrett, William 
H. Dod, George W. Taylor, all July 19th; John Hunter, 
August 6th; Joseph Milburn, August 17th; William B. 
Tucker, October 17th. 

State Board of Health— Laban Dennis, May 2d. 

State Board of Pharmacy— Henry A. Jordan, April 21st. 

State Board of Dentistry— G. Carleton Brown, first Tues- 
day in October. 

State Oyster Commission— Edward Stites, Jr., June 16th, 
1901. 

Inspectors of Steamboats— Charles Edwards, June 1st; 
two vacancies. 

Managers New Jersey Firemen's Home— Benjamin W. 
Cloud, William M. Jeffries, William T. Corlies, Charles N. 
Reading. John McKiernan, William H. Brown, George T. 
W^erts, Egbert Seymour, all ad interim. 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 329 



UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. 



President— William McKinley, of Ohio. Salary, $50,000. 

Vice-President— A'acancy.* 

Secretary of State— John Hay, of the District of Col- 
umbia. 

Secretary of the Treasury— Lyman J. Gage, of Illinois. 

Secretary of War— Elihu Root, of New York. 

Secretary of the Navy— John D. Long-, of Massachusetts. 

Secretary of the Interior— Ethan Allen Hitchcock, of 
Missouri. 

Postmaster-General— Charles Emory Smith, of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Attorney-General— John W. Griggs, of New Jersey. 

Secretary of Agriculture— James Wilson, of Iowa. 

The salary of each Cabinet officer is $8,000. 

Chief Justice of the Supreme Court— Melville W. Fuller, 
of Illinois. Salary, $10,500. 

Associate Justices— John M. Harlan, of Kentucky; Hor- 
ace Gray, of Massachusetts; David J. Brewer, of Kansas; 
Henry B. Brown, of Michigan; George Shiras, Jr., of Penn- 
sjlvania; Edward Douglass White, of Louisiana; Rufus 
W. Peckham, of New York; Joseph McKenna, of Cali- 
fornia. 

Salary of each Associate Justice, $10,000. 

United States Army— Major-Generals, Nelson A. Miles, 
Wesley Merritt and J. R. Brooks. Pay, $7,500 each. Briga- 
dier-Generals, E. S. Otis, Guy V. Henry, W. R. Shatter, 
J. F. Wade, H. C. Merriam and T. M. Anderson. Pay, $5,500 
each. All of these officers receive an allowance for "quar- 
ters, fuel and forag-e." 

United States Navy— Admiral, George Dewey. Pay, 
$13,500. Rear- Admirals, Fred V. McNair, John A. Howell. 
William T. Sampson, Winfield S. Schley, Henry L. How- 
ison, Albert Kantz. Pay, $6,000. The ten Commodores on 
the active list receive $5,000 each; the Captains, $4,500 each; 
the Commanders, $3,500 each. 

President-elect— William McKinley, of Ohio. 

Vice-President-elect— Theodore Roosevelt, of New York. 

♦Vice-President Garret A. Hobart died on November 21st, 
1899. 



330 



V. S. COURT ori'^K'IALS. 



U. S. COURT OFFICIALS, 



The United States District Court was organized at New 
Brunswick, on Tuesday, December 22d, 1789. 



DISTRiCT JUDGES. 



David Brearley 1789 

Robert Morris 1790 

William S. Pennington. .1817 

William Rossell 1826 

Mahlon Dickerson 1840 



Philemon Dickerson 1841 

Richard S. Field 1863 

John T. Nixon 1870 

Edward T. Green 1889 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1896 



CLERKS. 



Jonathan Dayton 1789 

Andrew Kirkpatrick 1790 

Robert Boggs 1791 

William Pennington 1817 

Joseph C. Potts 1840 

Edward N. Dickerson. . .1844 
Philemon Dickerson, Jr. 1853 



Andrew Dutcher... 
Ralph H. Shreve... 
E. Mercer Shreve.. 
Robert C. Belville. 



.1862 
.1863 
.1868 
.1871 



William S. Belville 1875 

Linsly Rowe 1882 

George T. Cranmer 1893 



MARSHALS. 



Thomas Lowry 1789 

John Heard 1802 

Oliver Barnett 1802 

Oliver W. Ogden 1808 

Robert S. Kennedy 1849 

George H. Nelden 1853 

Benijah Deacon 1866 

W. Budd Deacon 1868 



Samuel Plummer 1869 

Robert L. Hutchinson. ..1877 

W. Budd Deacon 1882 

A. E. Gordon 1886 

W. Budd Deacon 1889 

George Pfeiffer 1893 

Thomas J. Alcott 1897 



DISTRICT ATTORNEYS. 



Richard Stockton 1789 

Abraham Ogden 1792 

Lucius H. Stockton 1798 

George C. Maxwell 1802 

Joseph Mcllvaine 1804 

Lucius Q. C. Elmer 1824 

Garret D. Wall 1828 

James S. Green 1837 

William Halsted 1849 



Garrit S. Cannon 1853 

Anthony Q. Keasbey 1861 

Job H. Lippincott 1886 

Samuel F. Bigelow 1887 

George S. Duryee 1888 

Henry S. Whit^ 1890 

John W. Beekman 1894 

J. Kearny Rice 1896 

David O. Watkins 1900 



U. S. OFFICIALS. 331 



U. S. OFFICIALS, 1901. 



Circuit Justice George Shiras, Jr. 

f Marcus W. Acheson, 
Circuit Judges -=! George M. Dallas, 

L George Gray. 

District Judge Andrew Kirkpatrick. 

District Attorney David O. Watkins. 

Assistant District Attorney Courtlandt Parker, Jr. 

Marshal Thomas J. Alcott. 

Clerk of District Court George T. Cranmer. 

Deputy Clerk of District Court Frank R. Brandt. 

Clerk of Circuit Court S. Duncan Oliphant. 

Deputy Clerk of Circuit Court Henry D. Oliphant. 

Postmaster at Trenton Alexander C. Yard. 

Internal Revenue Collector— 1st Dist. Isaac Moffatt. 

2dDist..H. C. H. Herold. 



STATE Oi<^KI(MALS. 



STATE OFFICERS. 



EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT. 

Governor— Foster M. Voorhees, 1902. 
Private Secretary— Hobart Tuttle. 
Executive Clerk— Edward D. Fox. 

STATE DEPARTMENT. 

Secretary of State— George Wurts, 1902. 

Assistant Secretary— Alexander H. Rickey, 1902. ^ 

TREASURY DEPARTMENT. 

State Treasurer— George B. Swain, 1903. 

State Comptroller— William S. Hancock, 1903. 

Chief Clerk, Treasurer's Office- L. Kensil Wildrick. 

Chief Clerk, Comptroller's Office- Frederic S. McNeely. 

LAW DEPARTMENT. 
Attorney-General— Samuel H. Grey. 1902. 

THE JUDICIARY. 

Court of Errors and Appeals— The Chancellor, the Chief 
Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court; Judges John W. 
Bogert, 1903; Gottfried Kreuger, 1903; Charles E. Hendrick- 
son, 1902; Frederic Adams, 1903; William H. Vredenburgh, 
1904; Peter V. Voorhees, 1906; Clerk, Secretary of State. 

Court of Chancery— Chancellor William J. Magie, ad 
interim; Vice Chancellors, Henry C. Pitney, 1903; John R. 
Emery, 1902; Alfred Reed, 1902; Frederic W. Stevens, 1903; 
Martin P. Grey, 1903. 

Vice Ordinary and Vice Surrogate-General— Alfred Reed. 

Clerk in Chancery— Lewis A. Thompson, 1901. 

Chancery Reporter— S. Meredith Dickinson, 1905. 

Supreme Court— Chief Justice David A. Depue, ad in- 
terim; Associate Justices, Bennet Van Syckel, 1904; Jona- 
than Dixon, 1903; Charles G. Garrison, 1902; William S. 
Gummere, 1902; Gilbert Collins, 1904; John Franklin Fort, 
ad interim; Abram Q. Garretson, ad interim; vacancy, vice 
I/udlow, deceased. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court— William Riker, Jr., 1902. 

Depu^ty Clerk— Charles N. Codding. 



STATE OFFICIALS. 333 

L,aw Reporter— Garret D. W. Vroom, 1903. 

Circuit Court Judges— Henry M. Neviu.s, 1903; Francis J. 
Swayze, 1907; James H. Nixon, 1907, 

Court of Pardons— Governor, Chancellor and Lay Judges 
of the Court of Errors and Appeals; Clerk, Secretary of 
State. 

District Court Judges— Camden, C. V. D. Joline, 1901; 
Elizabeth, Edward S. Atwater, 1901; Jersey City, Charles 
W. Parker, 1901; Otto Crouse, 1905; Newark, Elwood C. 
Harris, 1901; Thomas J. Lintott, 1905; Paterson, William I. 
Lewis, 1901; Trenton, George VT. Macpherson, 1905; Orange, 
Charles B. Storrs, 1901; Hoboken, Abel L Smith, 1903; Pas- 
saic, William W. Watson, ad interim; Atlantic City, Robert 
H. Ingersoll, ad interim. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

1 
Commander-in-Chief— Governor Voorhees. 
Major-General — William J. Sewell. 
Adjutant-General— Alexander C. Oliphant. 
Assistant Adjutant-General— 
Quartermaster-General— Richard A. Donnelly. 
Inspector-General— Joseph W. Congdon. 
Judge Advocate-General— Edward P. Meany. 

EDUCATIONAL DEPARTMENT. 

Trustees of the School Fund— Governor, Secretary of 
.State, President of the Senate, Speaker of the Assembly, 
Attorney-General, State Comptroller and State Treasurer. 

Stat Board of Education— Edward E. Grosscup, Millville, 
1904; George A. Frey, Camden, 1904; James B. Woodward, 
Eordentown, 1903; Silas R. Morse, Atlantic City, 1904; Sam- 
uel St. John McCutcheon, Plainfield, 1901; T. Frank Ap- 
pleby, Asbury Park, 1904; William H. Morrow, Belvidere, 
ir^OS; George W. Howell, Morristown, 1904; Francis Scott, 
Paterson, 1901; Sweeting Miles, Alpine, 1904; James M. Sey- 
mour, Newark, 1904; James L. Hays, Newark, 1901; Otto 
Crouse, Jersey City, 1901; William D. Forbes, Hoboken, 
1904; Benjamin H. Campbell, Elizabeth, 1904; James Owen, 
Montclair, 1904. President, James L. Hays; Vice President. 
Otto Crouse; Secretary, Charles J. Baxter; Treasurer, J. 
Bingham Woodward. 

Principal State Normal and Model Schools— James M. 
Green, Ph.D. Steward, John S. Neary. 

Principal New Jersey School for Deaf-Mutes— John P. 
Walker. Steward, Thomas F. Hearnon. 



?,34 STATE OFFTrTAT.S. 

PUBLIC INSTRITTION. 

State Superintendent-^Charles J. Baxter, 1902. 

Assistant State Superintendent— J. Brognard Betts. 

County Superintendents— Atlantic, Samuel D. Hoffman, 
Atlantic City; Bergen, John Terhune, Hackensack; Bur- 
lington, Herman A. Stees, Beverly; Camden, Charles S. 
AlberLson, Magnolia; Cape May, Aaron W. Hand, Cape 
May; Cumberland, John N. Glaspell, Bridgeton; Essex, 
Elmer C. Sherman, South Orange; Gloucester, William H. 
Eldridge, Williamstown; Hudson, Edward A. Murphy, New 
Durham; Hunterdon, Jason S. Hoffman, Flemington; Mer- 
cer, A. W. Hartwell, Titusville; Middlesex, H. Brewster 
Willis, New Brunswick; Monmouth, John Enright, Free- 
hold; Morris, Watson B. Metthews, Dover; Ocean, F. A. 
North, Toms River; Passaic, Homer A. Wilcox, Passaic 
City; Salem, J. Harry Smith, Pennsgrove; Somerset, Rev. 
J. A. Mets, Somerville; Sussex, Luther Hill, Andover; 
Union, William J. Shearer, Elizabeth; Warren, Franklin T. 
Atwood, Hackettstown. 

City Superintendents— Atlantic City, Dr. W. M. Pollard; 
Bayonne, James H. Cristie: Bridgeton, W. E. Cox; Cam- 
den, Martin V. Bergen; Elizabeth, William J. Shearer; 
Gloucester City, J. C. Stinson; Hoboken, A. J. Demarest; 
Jersey City, Henry Snyder; Millville, S. C. Smith; Morris- 
town, W. L. R. Haven; Newark, Dr. C. B. Gilbert; New- 
Brunswick, William E. Armstrong; Orange, William M. 
Swingle; Passaic, Frank E. Spaulding; Paterson, A. B. 
Poland; Perth Amboy, Samuel E. Shull; Phillipsburg, H.^ 
Budd Howell; Plainfield, H. M. Maxson; Rahway, W. O, 
Robinson; Salem, Morris H. Stratton; Trenton, Leslie C. 
Pierson. 

STATE LIBRARY. 

Commissioners— Governor, Chancellor, Chief Justice, At- 
torney-General, Secretary of Stale, Treasurer and Comp- 
troller. 

State Librarian— Henry C. Buchanan, 1904. 

Public Library Commissioners— Dr. Ernest C. Richard- 
son, Princeton Uunversity; Moses Taylor Pyne. Princeton; 
William C. Kimble, Passaic; Frank P. Hill, Newark; Rev. 
Everett T. Tomlinson, Elizabeth. 

STATE HOUSE COMMISSION. 
The Governor, State Treasurer and State Comptroller. 
Custodian of the State House and Public Grounds— John 
H. Bonnell. Assistant, Thomas R. Watson. 



STATE OFFICIALS. 385 



RIPARIAN BOARD. 

Commissioners— The Governor, President; Willard C. 
Fisk. Vice-President. Jersey City. 1904; John I. Holt, Pat- 
erson. 1904: William Cloke, Trenton. 1S04: John J. Farrell. 
Newark, 1904; Secretary and Engineer, John C. Payne, Jer- 
sey City; Counsel, George L. Record. Jersey City. 

ASSESSMENT AND TAXATION. 

State Board of Assessors— Bird V,^. Spencer. President, 
Passaic. 1901; Robert S. Green. Elizabeth. 1904; Stephen J. 
Meeker, Newark. 1904; Amos Gibbs, Moun: Holly. 1901. Sec- 
retary. Irvine E. Maguire. 

State Board of Taxation— Charles C. Black, 1901. Jersey 
City; Henry J. West, President, 1904, Camden: Carl Lentz. 
1901, Newark: Joseph Thompson. Atlantic City. 1904. Sec- 
retary. Thomas B. Usher. 

BANKING AND INSURANCE. 

Commissioner— William Bettle, 190.3. 

Deputy Commissioner— Thomas K. Johnston. 

LABOR BUREAI^ 

Chief— William Stainsby, 1903. 
Deputy— James T. Morgan. 

FACTORIES AND WORKSHOPS. 

Inspector— John C. Ward. 1901. 

Deputies— Lewis H. Barrett, Pleasantville; William H. 
Dod, Hoboken; George VT. Taylor, Newark; John Hunter, 
Paterson; Joseph Milburn. Trenton: William B. Tucker, 
Elizabeth; all in 1901. 

STATE BOARD OF ARBITRATION. 

Members— James Martin. Secretary, Newark: John W. 
Dent. Bound Brook; James O. Smith. Camden: William M. 
Doughty, Millville; Jacob Van Hook. Lodi; all in 1901. 

STATE PRISON. 

Head Keeper— Samuel S. Moore, 1902. 
Supervisor— Edward J. Anderson, 1903. 

Inspectors— Markham E. Staples, Jersey City; William H 
Carter, Bordentown ; Samuel F. Stanger, Harrisonville; 



.33G STATE OFFICIALS. 

Thomas F. Brenn<'in, Orange; T^ysanclcr E. Watscm, Asbiiry 
Park; .Jacolj \'an Winkle, Murristown; all in I'.tOl. 

STATE REFORMATORY. 
Commissioners— David M. Chambers, President; Patrick 
Farrelly, John W. Ferguson, Ross Vanderhoven, George A, 
Squire, Thomas M. Gopsill, Secretary. 

STATE HOME FOR BOYS. 
Trustees— James M. Parsons, New Brunswick, 1901; Na- 
thaniel S. Rue, Cream Ridge, 1903; David W. Lawrence, 
Jersey City, 1903; Gervas Ely, Lambertville, 1901; Frank S. 
Gaskill, New Egypt, 1902; Edward Spaeth, Newark, 1902. 
Superintendent, Ira Otterson. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 
Trustees— John D. Rue, Howell C. Stull, Alfred D. Car- 
nagy, all of Trenton; WilUiam H. McCullough, Swedesbor- 
ough; Noble C. Bristol, Newark; Mrs. Annie V. P. Emley, 
Paterson; Mrs, Lydia G. Bergen, Elizabeth; Miss Ann Au- 
gusta Allison and Miss Mary S. Atterbury, Trenton; all 
ad interim. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS. 
Managers— Colonel Edward H. Wright, Newark; Amzi 
Dodd, Newark; Marcus L. Ward, Newark; James E. Flem- 
ing, Newark; General E. Burd Grubb, Edge water Park; 
General Richard A. Donnelly, Trenton. Officers— Superin- 
tendent, Major Peter F. Rogers; Surgeon, Dr. Archibald 
Mercer; Adjutant, Bishop W. Mains; Chaplain, Rev. John 
D. Ferguson; Matron, Mrs. Peter F. Rogers. 

STATE HOME FOR DISABLED SOLDIERS, SAILORS, 
MARINES AND THEIR WIVES. 

Managers— Gilbert D. Bogert, Amos R. Dease, Ernest C. 
Stahl, in 1904; John Shields, 1905; J. Howard Willets, ad 
interim. 

STATE BOARD OF HEALTH. 

Members— Laban Dennis, 1901, Newark; William H. Mur- 
ray, 1906, Plainfield; Cyrus T. Brackett, President, 1902, 
Princeton; Henry B. Rue, 1904, Hoboken; George P. Olcott, 
1907, East Orange; Henry Mitchell, 1905, Asbury Park; 
Henry W. Elmer, 1903, Bridgeton. The Secretary of State, 
the Attorney-General and the State Geologist ex officio. 
Secretary, Henry Mitchell, Asbury Park. 

State Dairy Commissioner— George W. McGuire, Trenton, 



STATE OFFICIALS. 337 

STATE HOSPITALS. 

Board of Managers at Morris Plains— Romeo F. 
Chabert, Hoboken, 1904; James M. Buckley, Morristown, 
1904; Patrick Farrelly, Morristown, 1904: John C. Eisele, 
Newark, 1904: David St. John, Hackensack, 1902; James W. 
Smith, Paterson, 1902; John A. McBride, Deckertown, 1902; 
Richard A. McCurdy, Morris Plains, ad interim. Secretary, 
Charles H. Green. 

Board of Managers at Trenton— Garret D. W. Vroom, 
President, Trenton, 1904; John Taylor, Trenton, 1904; Joseph 
Rice, Trenton, 1903; N. Newlin Stokes, Moorestown, 1902: 
Cornelius S. Hoffman, Somerville, 1902; Benajah W. An- 
drews, Woodbury, 1902; Henry R. Baldwin, New Bruns- 
wick, 1902; Joseph Thompson, Atlantic City, 1903. Secre- 
tary, Gouverneur V. Packer. 

Officers at Morris Plains— Medical Director, Britten D. 
Evans, M. D. ; Treasurer, Guido C. Hinchman; Warden, 
Moses K. Everitt. 

Officers at Trenton— Medical Director, John W. Ward, 
M. D.; Treasurer, Harvey H. Johnson; Warden, William 
P. Hayes. 

STATE VILLAGE FOR EPILEPTICS. 

Board of Managers— Rev. James M. Buckley, Morristown, 
1902, President; Thomas J. Smith, M. D., Bridgeton, 1901 
Treasurer; John H. Ewing, M. D., Flemington. 1901; James 
J. Bergen, Somerville, 1903; Theodore Foote, ad interim 
John R. Hardin, Newark, ad interim; Alexander W. Mack 
ad interim; Howard P. Reynolds, ad interim. Superinten 
dent, Henry M. Weeks, M. D. 

FEEBLE-MINDED WOMEN. 

Board of Manager.s— Benjamin F. Lee. President, Tren- 
ton, 1905; Charles H. Anderson, Vineland, 1904; Mrs. Emily 
H. Williamson, Elizabeth, 1904; Mrs. Annie C. Gile, Orange, 
1902; Mrs. Caroline B. Alexander, Hoboken, 1902; Barton F. 
Thorn, Treasurer, Burlington, 190-5, and Zebina K. Pang- 
born, Jersey City, 1905. 

FEEBLE-MINDED CHILDREN. 
New Jersey Training School for Feeble-Minded Children, 
^'ineland- Directors: Governor Foster M. Voorhees, ex 
officio; John M. Moore, Clayton, 1903; William H. Nichol- 
son, Haddonfield, 1903; Thomas J. Smith. M.D., Bridgeton, 
1903; George Davidson, Vineland, 1904; Rev. H. H. Beadle, 
22 



338 STATE OFFICIALS. 

Bridsetun, 1904; Daniel Thackara, AVoodbury, 1904; Benja- 
min C. Reeve, Camden, 1901; W. Graham Tyler, Philadel- 
phia, 1901; Charles Keighley, Vineland. 1901; P. B. Baker, 
Vineland, 1902; E. C. Stokes, Millville, 1902; Howard Carrow, 
Camden, 1902; Rev. R. B. Moore, Vineland, 1904. Officers 
of the Board: Philip P. Baker, President; William H, 
Nicholson, Vice-President; George Davidson, Treasurer; 
Edward R. Johnstone, Secretary and Principal. Board ot 
I.ady Visitors: Mrs. Charles Keighley, Vice-President, 
Vineland, 1902; Mrs. Fanny A. Sheppard, Greenwich, 1902; 
Miss Susan N. Warrington, Treasurer, Moorestown, 1902; 
Miss Kate A. Molt, Bordentown, 1902; Miss Caroline Hunt, 
Secretary, Woodstown, 1903; Mrs. Josiah Bacon, Oaklyn, 
1903; Miss Rachel E. Allinson, Yardville, 1903; Mrs. Charles 
M. Allen, Beverly, 1903; Miss Julia Frame, Bridgeton, 1901; 
Mrs. Thomas J. Craven, President, Salem, 1901; Mrs. Edw. 
P. Shields, Bridgeton. 1901; Mrs. William H. Skirm, Tren- 
ton, 1903. 

AGRICULTURAL. 

Slate Board of Agriculture — President, D. D. Denise, 
Freehold; Vice-President, E. B. Voorhees, New Brunswick; 
Treasurer, William R. Lippincott, Fellowship. Secretary, 
Franklin Dye, Trenton. 

Commissisoners of Agricultural College Fund— Governor, 
Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney-General and Comp- 
troller. 

Board of Visitors to the State Agricultural College — First 
District, Elwood Evans, T. F. D. Baker; Second District. 
Samuel B. Ketcham, John E. Darnell; Third District, David 
D. Denise, James Neilson; Fourth District, George Fritts, 
Elias N. Millen; Fifth District, George H. Blakely, Samuel 
R. Demarest. Jr.: Sixth District, L. H. Muller, Charles L. 
Jones; Seventh District, Rynear J. Wortendyke, John B. 
Williams; Eighth District, George E. DeCamp, George W. 
Doty; all in 1901, excepting Williams, ad interim. Secre- 
tary, Irving S. Upson. 

New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station No. 1 — 
Board of Managers: Governor Voorhees, Professors Aus- 
tin Scott and Edward B. Voorhees, together with the mem- 
bers of the Board of Visitors to the State Agricultural Col- 
lege. Director, Professor Voorhees; Chief Clerk. Secretary 
and Treasurer, Irving S. Upson. 

Station No. 2— Board of Control: The Trustees of Rut- 
gers College. Director, Professor Edward B. Voorhees. 



STATE OFFICIALS. 339 

MEDICAL, PHARMACY AND DENTISTRY. 

State Board of Medical Examiners— Armin Uebelacker, 
Morristown; William P. Watson, Jersey City, and William 
L. Newell, Millville, 1901; E. L. B. Godfrey, Camden; 
Charles A. Groves, Newark, and Davis P. Borden, Pater- 
son, 1902: John E. Wilson, Bloomheld, 1903; John J. Bau- 
mann, Jersey City, 1903; John AY. Bennett, Long Branch, 
1903. 

State Board of Dentistry— Frederick C. Barlow, Jersey 
City; George Emory Adams, South Orange; E. M. Beeslej', 
Belvidere; G. Carlton Brown, Elizabeth; Charles A. 
Meeker, Newark. 

State Board of Pharmacy— George H. White, Jersey City, 
1903; William T. Brown, Madison, 1904; Harry O. Ryerson, 
Newton, 1905; Henry A. Jordan, Bridgeton, 1901; George W. 
Parisen, Perth Amboy, 1902. 

FISH AND GAME. 

Commissioners— Howard P. Frothingham, Mt. Arlington; 
William A. Halsey, Newark; Benjamin P. Morris, Long- 
Branch, all 1904; Richard T. Miller, Camden, ad interim. 

Protector— George Riley, Newark. 

Wardens— Emanuel C. Shaner, Mays Landing; Howard L. 
Mathis, New Gretna; George Ricardo, HacKensack; Wil- 
liam Guthridge, Camden; James Hunt, Camden; George 
Phifer, Manumuskin; Frederick S. Connor, Bridgeton: Gus 
Hilton, Anglesea; Adon W. Muller, Almonesson; John 
Kerr, Harrison; O. P. Chamberlin, Jr., Flemington; Robert 
Richards, Dover; George W. Capple, Trenton; James M. 
Stratton, North Long Branch; Charles Ayres, Metuchen : 
Anson J. Rider, Tuckerton; Louis E. Foulks, New Egypt: 
William G. Stalter, Paterson; Jacob B. Hendershott, New- 
ton; Thomas J. Torton, Pennsgrove; E. R. Davis, Salem; 
George H. Miller, Somerville; Charles M. Hawkins, Roselle; 
Edward Hill, Rocksburg. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

State Director of Joint Companies— Charles Bradley, 
Newark. 
Commissioner of Public Roads— Henry I. Budd. 
State Geologist- 
State Director of Weather Service— Edward W. McGann, 
New Brunswick. 

State Oyster Commission— Jeremiah N. Ogden, 1903; Ed- 
ward Stiles, Jr., 1901; E. L. Riley, 1902. 



340 STATE OFFICIALS. 

Inspectors of Steamboats— Charles Edwards, Lake Ho- 
patcong, 1901. Two vacancies. 

Commissioners of Pilotage— Henry W. Miller, Morris- 
town; John R. Dewar, Jersey City; Henry C. Gulick, Bar- 
negat; Mark Townsend, Lin wood; Daniel C. Chase, South 
Amboy; John C. Weaver, Haley ville; all in 1903. 

State Sewerage Commission— William T. Hunt, Newark, 
1903, President; John Hinchliffe, Paterson, J902, Treasurer; 
Charles W. Fuller, Bayonne, 1902; Charles F. Harrington, 
Lyndhurst, 1903; David L. Wallace, Newark, 1901. Secre- 
tary, Boyd McLean, Jersey City. 

State Board of Children's Guardians— Anthony T. Wil- 
liams, Trenton; Emily E. Williamson, Elizabeth; Hugh 
Fox, Bayonne; Catherine E. Abbey, Mount Holly; Josiah 
"Wistor, Salem; Joseph W. McCrystal, Paterson; Frederick 
G. Burnham, Morristown. 

Police Justices— Orange, Joseph P. Bray, 1904; West 
Oi-ange, Edmund Condict, 1900; South Orange, Andrew S, 
Taylor, 1902. 

Geological Survey— Board of Managers: Governor Voor- 
hees. President, ex officio. First District, Edward C. Stokes, 
Millville; Clement H. Sinnickson, Salem. Second District, 
Emmor Roberts, Moorestown; Washington A. Roebling, 
Trenton. Third District, M. D. Valentine, Woodbridge; 
Henry S. Little, Matawan. Fourth District, vacancy; Fred- 
erick A. Canfield, Dover. Fifth District, William Frank 
Hall, Pompton Lakes; George W. Wheeler. Hackensack. 
Sixth District, Samuel B. Dod, Hoboken; Lebbeus B. 
Seventh District, Samuel B. Dod, Hoboken; Lebbeus B. 
Ward, Jersey City. Eighth District, Wendel P. Garrison, 
Orange; Ernest A. Ackerman, Plainfield. 

Commissioners of the Stale Museum — The State Geolo- 
gist, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Presi- 
dent of the State Board of Agriculture, President of the 
Senate and Speaker of the Assembly. Curator, S. R. Morse, 
Atlantic City. 

Palisade Interstate Park Commission— Abram De Ronde, 
Franklin W. Hopkins, William A. Linn; Edwin A. Stevens, 
Abram S. Hewitt, George W. Perkins, D. McNeely Stauffer, 
Ralph Trautman, J. Du Pratt White, Nathan F. Barnett 
all ad interim. 

Managers New Jer.«ey Firemen's Home— Benjamin W. 
Cloud, William M. Jefferies, William T. Corliss, Charles N. 
Reading, John McKiernan, William H. Brown, George T. 
Werts, Egbert Seymour, all June 23, 1904. 



STATE OFFICIATES. 341 

SENATORS AND CONGRESSMEN. 

United States Senators— William J. Sewell, ItiUl; John 
Kean, 1905. 

Representatives in Fifty-sixth Congress— First District. 
Henry C. Loudenslager; Second District, John J. Gardner; 
Third District, Benjamin F. Howell; Fourth District. 
Joshua S. Salmon; Fifth District, James F. Stewart; Sixth 
District, Richard Wayne Parker; Seventh District, Allan 
L. McDermott; Eighth District, Charles N. Fowler. 



Terms of Office and Salaries of State Officers, and 
Members and Officers of the Leg-islature. 

Governor, three years, $10,000. Private Secretary, three 
years, $2,000. 

Secretary of State, five years, $6,000. Assistant, five years, 
$.'].000. 

State Treasurer, three years, $6,000. 

State Com-ptroller, three years. $6,000. 

Attorney-General, five years, $7,000. 

Adjutant-General, $2,500. 

Quartermaster-General, $1,200. 

Chancellor, seven years, $10,000. 

Vice-Chancellors, seven years, $9,000. 

Clerk in Chancery, five years, $6,000. 

Chief Justice Supreme Court, seven years. $10,000. 

Associate Justices of the Supreme Court, seven years, 
$9,000. 

Clerk of the Supreme Court, five years, $6,000. 

Judges of the Court of Errors and Appeals, six years, $20 
a day for attendance at court and $20 a day, not exceeding 
fifteen days, when engaged in examination of cases or 
writing of opinions. 

Circuit Court Judges, seven years, $7,500. 

District Court Judges, five years, $2,500 and $3,0<D0. 

Chancery Reporter, $500. Law Reporter, $500. 

State Librarian, five years, $2,000. 

State Superintendent of Public Instruction, three years, 
$3, COO. 

Person in charge of the School Census, $1,500. 

Keeper of the State Prison, five years, $3,500. 

Inspectors of the State Prison, five years, $500. 

Supervisor of the State Prison, three years, $3,000. 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance, three years, 
$1,000; Deputy, $2,.500. 



342 STATE OFFICTAT.S. 

Custodian of the State House, at pleasure of the Gover- 
nor, State Treasurer and State ComiUroUer, $2,fKK): Assist- 
ant, $1,200. 

Riparian Commissioners, five years, $1,500. 

State Board of Assessors, four years, $2,500; Secretary, 
$2,500. 

State Board of Taxation, five years, $2,.500; Secretary, 
$2,250. 

Chief of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, five years, $2,500; 
Deputy, $1,800. 

Inspector of Factories and Workshops, five years. $2,500; 
Assistants, three years, $1,000. 

State Board of Arbitration, three years. $1,200. 

State Dairy Commissioner, $2,000. 

Curator State Museum, $1,500. 

State Commissioner of Public Roads, three years, $1,.500. 

Commissioners of Pilotage, three years, fees. 

State Board of Education, five years, no salary. 

State Board of Health, seven years, no salary; Secretary, 
$2,.500. 

State Sewerage Com.mission. three years, salary, $1,500. 

Board of Managers of State Hospitals, five years, no sal- 
ary; Treasurers, each, $500. 

State Hospital officials, appointed by Board of Managers, 
salaries— Medical Directors, each $3,500; First Assistants, 
at Morris Plains, $1,800; at Trenton, $1,500; Second Assist- 
ants, Morrislown, $1,800; Trenton, $1,500; Third Assistants, 
each $1,000; Fourth Assistants, each $1,000; Wardens, each 
$2,50<D; Secretaries, each $500. 

Fish and Game Commissions, five years, no salary; Fish 
and Game Protector, $1,200 and expenses, $.300; Fish Ward- 
ens, each $600. and expenses. $200. 

Trustees State Home for Boys, three years, no salary. 

Trustees State Home for Girls, three years, no salary. 

Board of Visitors to State Agricultural College, two 
years, no salary. 

State Board of Medical Examiners, three years, no 
salary. 

State Board of Pharmacy, three years, no salary. 

State Board of Dentistry, five years, no salary. 

Inspectors of Steamboats, three years, no salary. 

Stale Board, of Children's Guardians, six years, no salary. 

State Senators, three years, and members of the Assem- 
bly, one year, $500. 

Senate Officers— President, $666.66; President's Private 
Secretary, $600; Secretary, $1,500; Assistant Secretary, $1,200; 
Supervisor of Bills, $1,200: one Assistant, $600; Journal 



STATE OFFICIALS. 343 

Clerk, $1,000: As.sistant Journal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at- 
Arms. $700; Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, $500; Calendar 
Clerk, $500; Bill Clerks, $500; five Door and Gallery Keepers, 
each $350; four Pages, each $200; Clerk to Committee on 
Printed Bills, $500. 

House of Assembly Officers— Speaker, $666.66; Speaker's 
Private Secretary, $600; Assistant Secretary, $400; Clerk, 
$1,500; Assistant Clerk, $1,200; Supervisor of Bills, $1,300; two 
Assistants, $600 each; Journal Clerk, $1,000; Assistant Jour- 
nal Clerk, $500; Sergeant-at-Arms, $700; two Assistant Ser- 
geant-at-Arms, each $500; twelve Doorkeepers, each $350; 
ten Pages, each $200; Clerk to Committee on Printed Bills, 
$500; Bill Clerk and Assistant, $500 each; four Clerks to 
Committees, each $300. 



S44 Mll.lTAIiY. 



MILITARY. 



Roster of Officers of the National Guard. 

Commander-in-Chief— Governor Foster M. Voorhees. 

Staff— Adjutant-General, Brigadier-General Alexander C. 
Oliphant; Quartermaster-General, Brevet Major-General 
Richard A. Donnelly; Surgeon-General, Brigadier-General 
John D. McGill; Inspector-General, Brigadier-General 
Joseph W. Congdon; Inspector-General of Rifle Practice, 
Brigadier-General Bird W. Spencer; Judge Advocate- 
General, Brigadier-General Edward P. Meany; Aide-de- 
Camp, Colonel Robert M. Thompson. 

Department Staff— Deputy Adjutant-General, Lieutenant- 
Colonel James S. Kiger; Deputy Quartermasters-Gen- 
eral, Colonel William H. Earley, Colonel George G. 
Felton, Colonel George P. Olcott; Paymaster, Captain 
Samuel S. Armstrong; Military Storekeeper, Captain 
Charles F. Snowden; Assistant Surgeon-General, Colonel 
Edmund L. B. Godfrey; Medical Inspector, Lieutenant- 
Colonel Mortimer Lampson; Assistant Inspectors-General, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Lewis T. Bryant, Lieutenant-Colonel 
John R. Beam; Assistant Inspectors-General of Rifle Prac- 
tice, Colonel Charles A. Reid, Lieutenant-Colonel Richard 
B, Reading. 

Division — Major-General William J. Seweil. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Colonel Thomas S. 
Chambers; Inspector, Colonel Daniel B. Murphy; Surgeon. 
Colonel George W. Terriberry; Judge-Advocate, Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel and Brevet Brigadier-General George E. P. 
Howard; Chief of Artillery, Colonel A. Judson Clark; 
Aides-de-Camp, Major James W. Howard, Major William. 
Joyce Seweil, Jr., Major D. Stewart Craven. 

First Brigade— Brigadier-General P. Farmer Wanser. 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General. Lieutenant-Colonel 
John A. Parker; Inspector, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles 
Boltwood; Surgeon, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles F. W. 
Myers; Quartermaster, Major Thomas F. Bedle; Paymas- 
ter, Major Allan B. Wallace; Judge-Advocate, Major 
Robert I. Hopper; Engineer, Major S. Wood McClave; 
Aides-de-Camp, Captain Hobart Tuttle, Captain Theodore 
E. Beck. 

Second Brigade— Brigadier-General William H. Cooper. 



MILITARY. 345 

Staff— Assistant Adjutant-General, Lieutenant-Colonel 
Christopher S. Magrath; Surgeon, Lieutenant-Colonel Dan- 
iel Strock; Quartermaster, Major William J. Browning; 
Judge-Advocate, Major E. Ambler Armstrong; Aides-de- 
Camp, Captain William H. Skirm, Jr., Captain Edwin B. 
Broadaway. 

First Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Newark— Colonel 
and Brevet Brigadier-General EdVv-ard A. Campbell; Adju- 
tant. Captain Alvin H. Graff. 

Second Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Trenton— Col- 
onel Quincy O'M. Gillmore; Adjutant, Captain Frederick 
Gilkyson. 

Third Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Camden— Col- 
onel John I. Shinn; Adjutant, Captain George S. West. 

Fourth Regiment Infantry, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Colonel, Robert G. Smith; Adjutant, Captain Benjamin M. 
Gerardin. 

Battery A, Field Artillery, Orange— Captain, Walter B. 
Adams. 

Battery B, Field Artillerj-, Camden— Captain, Ulj'sses 
Grant Lee. 

First Troop Cavalry, Newark— Captain, Richard Wayne 
Parker. 

Second Troop Cavalrj^ Red Bank— Captain, Edwin Field. 

Signal and Telegraph Corps, Headquarters, Jersey City- 
Captain Henry G. Opdycke, Signal Officer. 



Roster of OflBcers of tHe Naval Reserve. 

First Battalion, Headquarters, U. S. S. "Portsmouth," 
Hoboken, N. J.— Commander, Washington Irving; Signal 
Officer and Aide, Lieutenant (Jr. Grade) A. Nelson Kemble. 

Second Battalion, Headquarters, U. S. S. "Huntress," 
Camden, N. J.— Commander, James Boyd Potter; Lieuten- 
ant-Commander, Albert De Unger; Signal Officer and Aide, 
Lieutenant (Jr. Grade) Louis H. Miller. 



346 COT'XTY DIRKt'TORY 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 



County Officers, With the Date of the Expiration of Tlieii 
Term of Office, Time of Holding Courts, &c. 



ATLANTIC COUNTY. 
County Seat— Mays Landing. Population, 1.359. 

Sheriff— Smith E. Johnson, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Lewis H. Smith, 1903; George W. Swift, 1902; 
Lemuel Wooten, 1901. 

County Clerk— Lewis P. Scott, 190.5. 

Surrogate— John S. Risley, 1902. 

County Collector— L. C. Albertson, Atlantic City. 

Circuit Judge— Vacancy. 

County Judge— Allan B. Endicott, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas—Joseph E. P. Abbott, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Henry S. Scull (1902), John T. 
French (1901), Dems. ; James D. Southwick (1902), Joseph 
Hammill (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— April, September and December— second 
Tuesday. 

BERGEN COVNTY. 
County Seat— Hackensack. Population, 9,443. 

Sheriff— Jacob L. Van Buskirk, Dem., 1901. 

Coroners— William H. Tracy, William L. Vroom, both 
1901; Charles Hoffman, 1902. 

County Clerk— John R. Ramsey, 190-5. 

Surrogate- David A. Pell, 1903. 

County Collector— James H. Coe, Englewood, 

Circuit Judge— Jonathan Dixon, 1904. 

County Judge— David D. Zabriskie, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Ernest Koesler, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— William Ely (1901), James 
Young (1902), Dems; Jacob Rohrbach (1902), Fred W. Schaaf 
(1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— April, first Tuesday; September, second 
Tuesday; and December, second Tuesday. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 347 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 
County Seat— Mount Holly. Population, 5,750. 

' Sheriff— Charles R. Fenton. Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Barclay C. Seeds, Joshua D. Janney, 1902; 
William M. Wells, 1901. 

County Clerk— William Roland Warrick, 1904. 

Surrogate— Elwood H. Kirkbride, 1901. 

Auditor— W. W. Worrell. 

County Collector— Joseph Powell, Mount Holly. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1902. 

County Judge— Joseph H. Gaskill, 1904. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Samuel Atkinsoii, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— Jacob C. Hendrickson (1901), 
Samuel W. Semple (1902), Dems. : Samuel K. Robbins (1902), 
John R. Howell (1901). Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday, January; second Tues- 
day, May and October. 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 
County Seat— Camden. Population, 75,935. 

Sheriff— John Wesley Sell, Rep.. 1902. 

Coroners— Sylvan G. Buskey, 1901; Frank Neall Robinson. 
Henry S. Gaskill, 1902. 

County Clerk— Frank F. Patterson, Jr., 1906. 

Register of Deeds— Isaac W^. Coles, 1905. 

Surrogate— George S. West, 1902. 

County Collector— Mahlon F. Ivins, Camden. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1902. 

County Judge— Edward Ambler Armstrong, 1902. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Frank T. Lloyd, 1905; Assistant, 
F. Morse Archer, 1905. 

Port Warden— A. B. Frazee. 

County Board of Elections— John W. Beaston (1902), 
David E. Barry (1901), Dems.; Thomas A. Walton (1901), 
Joseph M. Engard (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday, April; second Tuesday, 
September and December. 

CAPE MAY COUNTY. 

County Seat— Cape May Court House. Population, . 

Sheriff— John W. Reeves, Rep., 1901. 

Coroners— Charles B. Corson, J. Stratton Ware, Edward 
F. Duncan, 1902. 



34R COUNTY DIREf'Tr)RY. 

County Clerk— Julius Way. 190."). 

Surrogate— E. Clinton Hewitt, 1902. 

County Collector— Edmund I... Ross, Cape May Court 
House. 

Circuit Judge— Vacancy. 

County Judge— Harry S. Douglass, 1901. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Eugene C. Cole, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— William J. Tyler (1901), Will- 
iam Porter (1902), Dems.; William T. Bate (1902), Joseph K. 
Hand (1901), Reps. 

Terms ofi Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, September and 
December. 

CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 
County Seat— Bridgeton. Population, 1.^,913. 

Sheriff— William C. Hendee, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— Leslie L. Hand, 1901; Clayton McPherson, 1902; 
Herbert L. Cooper, 1903. 

County Clerk— George W. Betchner, 1904. 

Surrogate— Frank C. Bray, 1903. 

County Collector — William O. Garrison, Bridgeton. 

Circuit Judge— Vacancy. 

County Judge— Thomas W. Trenchard, 1904. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J. Hampton Fithian, 1904. 

County Board of Elections— John Ogden (1902), George W. 
Eckhart (1901), Dems.; Charles E. Bellows (1901), John R. 
Radcliffe (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

County Seat— Newark. Population, 246,070. 

Sheriff— George Virtue, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— James H. Grant, Joseph M. Malatesta, Otto C. 
Fischer, 1902. 

County Clerk— William O. Kuebler, 1902. 

Surrogate— Joseph W. Ellor. 1904. 

County Collector— Richard W. Booth, Franklin. 

Register of Deeds— George E. De Camp, 1905. 

Circuit Judge— Chief Justice David A. Depue, ad interim. 

County Judge— Alfred F. Skinner, ad interim. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Chandler W. Riker, 1904. 

Assistant Prosecutor— Louis Hood, 1904. 

County Board of Elections— Leonard Kalisch (1902), Ed- 
win A. Raynor (1901), D^ms. ; Augustus F. Eggers (1901), 
Samuel C. Martin (1902), Reps. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 349 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 
County Seat— Woodbury. Population, 4,087. 

Sheriff— Franlclin D. Springer, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Harry A. Stout, 1903; Samuel S. Ledden, 1901; 
William H. Miller, 1902. 

County Clerk— Frank B. Ridgway, 1902. 

Surrogate— Millard F. Du Bois, 1904. 

County Collector- George E. Pierson, Woodbury. 

Circuit Judge— Charles G. Garrison, 1902. 

County Judg-e— John S. Jessup, 1902. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Lewis Starr, isoi. 

County Board of Elections— Thomas C. Dilkes (1902), 
Charles Wolforth (1901), Dems. ; George E. Pierson (1902), 
William H. Hoffman (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in February and fourth 
Tuesday in May and October. 

HUDSON COUNTY. 
County Seat— Jersey City. Population, 206,433. 

Sheriff-Carl H. Ruempler, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— William N. Parslow, Stephen F. Wyse, 1903; 
John Gschwind, 1902. 

County Clerk— Maurice J. Stack, 1905. 

Surrogate— James T. Lillis, 1901. 

County Collector— Hugh Dugan, Jersey City. 

Register of Deeds— James C. Clarke, 1905. 

Circuit Judge— Gilbert Collins, 1903. 

County Judge— John A. Blair, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— James S. Irwin, 1903. 

Assistant Prosecutor— Vacancy. 

Port Warden— John J. Toffey. 

Harbor Masters— Vacancies. 

County Board of Elections— Michael J. Coyle (1902), 
Augustus A. Rich (1901), Dems.; Joseph J. Gusto (1902), 
Thomas M. Coughlin (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April; second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 
County Seat— Fleming-ton. Population, 2,060. 
Sheriff— George M. Freeh, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— Peter D. Rockafellow, 1902; Na'.haniel B. Boi- 
leau, David Treftz, 1903. 



•:r,0 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Clerk— Andrew R. Dilts, 1905. 

Surrogate— Paul A. Queen, 1904. 

County Collector— E. Humphrey, Glen Gardner. 

Circuit Judge— William S. Gummere, 1902. 

County Judge— H. Burdett Herr, 1901. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Walter F. Hayhurst, 1901. 

County Board of Elections— Joseph L. Chamberlain 
(1902), Oliver R. Kugler (1901), Dems. ; John J. Nunn (1902), 
J. J. Thorn (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, second Tues- 
day in September and second Tuesday in December. 

MERCER COUNTY. 
County Seat— Trenton. Population, 73,307. 

Sheriff— Samuel T. Atchley, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— John R. D. Bower, Edmund R. Nutt, James B. 
Clugston, 1902. 

County Clerk— Barker Gummere, Jr., 1903. 

Surrogate— John W. Cornell, 1904. 

County Collector— Thomas H. Thropp, Trenton. 

Circuit Judge— William S. Gummere, 1902. 

County Judge— John Rellstab, 1905. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— William J. Crossley, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Walter S. Grover (1901), John 
D'Arcy (1902), Dems. ; William A. MacCrellish (1902), Bert- 
rand L. Gulick (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, second Tues- 
day in May and second Tuesday in October. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY'. 
County Seat— New Brunswick. Population, 20,006. 

Sheriff— Isaiah D. Barclay, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Frank C. Henry, 1903; Arthur L. Smith, John 
Albright, 1902. 

County Clerk— John H. Conger, 1904. 

Surrogate— Leonard Furman, 1902. 

County Collector— David Serviss, New Brunswick. 

Circuit Judge— John Franklin Fort, ad interim. 

County Judge— Woodbridge Strong, 1901. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John S. Voorhees, 1901. 

County Board of Elections— Hendrick H. Brown (1902), 
Oliver Kelly (1901), Dems.; John E. Elmendorf (1901), John 
L. Suydam (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 



COUNTY DIR FACTORY. 351 

MONMOUTH COUNTY. 
County Seat— Freehold. Population, 2,934. 

Sheriff, Obadiah E. Davis, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Edgar I. "Vanderveer, John Flock, John T. 
Tetley, 1902. 

County Clerk— Joseph McDermott, 1904. 

Surrogate— David S. Crater, 1903. 

County Collector— Asher T. Applegate, Freehold. 

Circuit Judge— John Franklin Fort, ad interim. 

County Judge— Wilbur A. Heisley, 1905. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John E. Foster, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— John P. Walker (1902), Mor- 
gan D. L. Magee (1901), Dems; John C. Patterson (1902), 
David D. Denise (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of Jan- 
uary, first Tuesday in May and October. 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

County Seat— Morristown. Population, 11,267. 

Sheriff— Charles A. Baker, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— James Hagan, Samuel Leonard, George C. 
Coates, 1902. , 

County Clerk — Daniel S. Voorhees, 1903. 

Surrogate— David Young, 1903. 

County Collector— Joseph F. McLean, Butler. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, ad interim. 

County Judge— John B. Vreeland, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Alfred Elmer Mills, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Clifford A. Fairchild (1902), 
Oscar Lindsley (1901), Dems.; William O. Freeman (1901), 
George L. Clark (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, first Tuesday 
in May and second Tuesday in October. 

OCEAN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Toms River. Population, about 1,300. 

Sheriff— Adam W. Downey, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— Moses E. Johnson, 1901; Harry C. Shoemaker, 
Benjamin P. Bussom, 1902. 
County Clerk— Abram C. B. Havens, 1903. 
Surrogate— Joseph Grover, 1902. 

County Collector— Wilkinson G. Conrad, Barnegat. 
Circuit Judge— Bennet Van Syckel, 1904. 



352 COUNTY DIRECTORY. 

County Judge— Albert C. Martin, 1902. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Theodore S. R. Brown, 1902. 

County Board of Elections— John Beatty (1901), Rem L. 
Disbrow (1902), Dems. ; Arthur B. Clute (1901), Charles H. 
Wardwell (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Second Tuesday in April, first Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 



PASSAIC COUNTY. 
County Seat— Paterson. Population, lur),171. 

Sheriff— John W. Sturr, Rep., 1903. 

Coroners— Herbert S. Emerson, 1901; John S. Yates, Tunis 
Vermeulen, 1902. 

County Clerk— Albert D. Winfield, 1901. 

Surrogate— Charles M. King, 1905. 

County Collector— P. Henry Shields, Paterson. 

Circuit Judge— Jonathan Dixon, 1904. 

County Judge— John S. Barkalow, 1902. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Eugene Emley, 1901. 

Assistant Prosecutor of the Pleas— Ralph AV. Shaw. 

County Board of Elections— John W. DeMott (1902), Frank 
T. Forbes (1901), Dems.; Robert Bustard (1902), Stephen 
Dawson (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday after the first day of Jan- 
uary, fourth Tuesday in April and September. 
I 

SALEM COUNTY. 
County Seat— Salem. Population, 5,S11. 

Sheriff— Robert M. Vanneman, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— James D. Torton, John McDonnol, George W. 
Fitch, 1902. 

County Clerk— S. Luther Richmond, 1904. 

Surrogate— Loren P. Plummer, 1902. 

County Collector— James Butcher, Salem. 

Circuit Judge— Vacancy. 

County Judge— Clement H. Sinnickson, 1901. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— J, Furman Sinnickson, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— Charles C. Ford, Jr. (1902). 
Millard F. Riley (1901), Dems.; Edward R. Davis (1901), 
Henry Coombs (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in January, May and 
October, 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 353 

SOMERSET COUNTY. 
County Seat— Somerville. Population, 4,843. . 

Sheriff— Selah Schoonmaker, Dem., 1901. 

Coroners— Franlv L. Field. 1903; Louis T. Reed, Henry 
DeMatt, 1901. 

County Clerk— Frank "\V. Somers, 190.3. 

Surrogate— Henry N. Spencer, 1903. 

County Collector— E. B. Allen, Somerville. 

Circuit Judge— Abrani Q. Garretson. ad interim. 

County Judge— Louis H. Schenck, 1905. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— James L. Griggs, 1905. 

County Board of Elections— Jacob Shurcs (1901), John H. 
Mattison (1902), Dems. ; William H. Cawley (1902), Charles 
A. Houston (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Third Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
in September and fourth Tuesday in December. 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 
County Seat— Newton. Population, 4,376. 

Sheriff— John M. Hotalin, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— Lewis C. Burd, 1900; Charles M. Dunning, 
Bruno Hood, 1902. 

County Clerk— Ora C. Simpson, 1902. 

Surrogate— Jacob M. Demarest, 1903. 

County Collector— William E. Ross, Sparta. 

Circuit Judge— Abram Q. Garretson, ad interim. 

County Judge — Henry Huston, 1901. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— John L. Swayze, 1903. 

County Board of Elections— Emmett H. Bell (1901), Wil- 
liam D. Wilson (1902), Dems.; William H. Dalrymple (1901), 
Charles Fredenburg (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in April, second Tuesday 
in September and second Tuesday in December. 

UNION COUNTY. 

County Seat— Elizabeth. Population, 52,130. 

Sheriff— Robert G. Houston, Rep., 1902. 

Coroners— P. DuBois Bunting, 1903; John W. Gray, 1902; 
John M. Randolph, 1901. 
County Clerk— William Howard, 1904. 
Surrogate— George T. Parrot, 1902. 
County Collector— E. M. Wood, Elizabeth. 
Circuit Judge— Bennet Van Syckel, 1904. 
23 



354 COUNTY DIRKCTORY. 

rnunty Jurlg:e— Benjamin A. \'ail, V.><>:',. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— Nicholas C. J. English, V.m. 

Harbor Master, Elizabeth and Elizabeth Creek— John P. 
Arnold. 

County Board of Elections— Patrick J. Ryan (1901), John 
L. Crowell (1902), Dems. ; William C. Carr (19(Jl), John W. 
Murray, Jr. (1902), Reps. 

Terms of Court— First Tuesday in January, May and 
October. 

WARREN COUNTY. 

County Seat— Belvidere. Population. 1,834. 

Sheriff— George Cole, Dem., 1902. 

Coroners— Charles N. Shrope, 1903; Clinton Kerr, Peter F. 
Hagerty, 1902. 

County Clerk— Rowland Firth, 1905. 

Surrogate— Charles B. Sharp, 1904. 

County Collector— James A. Allen,* Oxford. 

Circuit Judge— William S. Gummere, 1902. 

County Judge— George M. Shipman, 1903. 

Prosecutor of the Pleas— George A. Angle, 1901. 

County Board of Elections— J. William Miller (1902), 
Henry M. Vliet (1901), Dems.; A. Blair Kelsey (1902), Wil- 
liam R. Laire (1901), Reps. 

Terms of Court— Fourth Tuesday in April, fourth Tuesday 
in September and the first Tuesday after the fourth Tues- 
day in December. 



Time of Holding Courts. 

The Court of Chancery meets on the first Tuesday in 
February, the third Tuesday in May and the third Tues- 
day in October. 

The Supreme Court meets on the third Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the first Tuesday in June and the first Tuesday in 
Novernber. 

The Court of Errors and Appeals meets on the first Tues- 
day in March, the third Tuesday in June and the third 
Tuesday in November. 

The Court of Pardons meets on the second Tuesday in 
March, the third Tuesday in June and the third Tuesday in 
November. 

The Prerogative Court meets on the first Tuesday in Feb- 
ruary, the third Tuesday in May and the third Tuesday in 
OctolDer. 



COUNTY DIRECTORY. 355 

The T". S. Circaiit Court meets (in the fourth Tuesday in 
March and the fourth Tuesday in September. 

The U. S. District Court meets on the third Tuesday in 
January, April, June and September. 

United States Court of Appeals meets first Tuesday in 
March and the third Tuesday in September. 

The Circuits of New Jersey are divided as follows: 

1st District— Cape May, Cumberland, Salem and Atlantic. 
Justice Ludlow. 

2d District— Gloucester, Camden and Burlington. Justice 
Garrison. 

3d District— Mercer, Hunterdon and Warren. Justice 
Gummere. 

4th District— Middlesex and Monmouth. Justice Fort. 

5th District— Somerset, Morris and Sussex. Justice Gar- 
retson. 

6th District— Bergen and Passaic. Justice Dixon. 

7th District— Essex. Chief Justice Depue. 

8th District— Hudson. Justice Collins. 

9th District— Union and Ocean. Justice Van Syckel. 

For the time of holding county courts, see County Di- 
rectory. 



356 STATE DEPA RTMIOXTR. 

REPORTS OF STATE DEPARTMENTS 
AND INSTITUTIONS. 



State Treasurer's Keimrt. 

The annual report of State Treasurer Swain, for the 

fiscal year ending October 31st, 1900, makes the following 
exhibit: 

STATE FUND. 
Receipts. 

Board of Fish and Game Commissioners $12.5 00 

Clerk in Chancery 45,479 23 

Clerk of the Supreme Court 44,115 99 

Collateral Inheritance Tax 177,074 54 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance 60,576 13 

Commissions 9,330 00 

Delaware Bay and Maurice River Cove Oyster 

Commission 14,757 71 

Discharged Convicts 238 50 

Dividends 18,870 00 

Geological Survey 303 72 

Judicial Fees 22,829 54 

Loans to School Fund (repayment of loan) 170,500 00 

Secretary of State 404,429 94 

Sinking Fund Account 35,000 00 

State Board of Health 316 89 

State Dairy Commissioner 4,131 40 

State House Commission 314 69 

State Prison Receipts 91,634 40 

Supreme Court 200 00 

Spanish-American War 120,018 23 

State Tax from Railroad Corporations. $1,112,449 49 
Less amount allotted to taxing dis- 
tricts pursuant to act approved 

March 31st, 1897 203,619 39 

908,830 10 

Tax from Miscellaneous Corporations.$l, 492,719 70 
Tax from Paterson Savings Institu- 
tions 2,500 00 

1,494,719 70 

$3,623,795 71 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. ^ 357 

Disbursements. 

Adjutant-General's Department 10,276 37 

Advertising- 2,498 13 

Agricultural College Fund— Interest 2,400 00 

Ag-ricultural Experiment Station 16,849 79 

Assembly Committee of Investigation 2.941 38 

Attorney-General's Department 13.796 51 

Blind and Feeble Minded 79.078 34 

Board of Fish and Game Commissioners 21,500 00 

Board of Pilot Commissioners 1,100 00 

Board of "Visitors to Agricultural College of 

New Jersey 1.39 54 

Bradley's New Jersey Citations 1,500 00 

Bureau of Statistics 9,700 11 

Collateral Inheritance Tax 9,819 84 

Commissions 249 50 

County Lunatic Asylums 187,800 15 

Court of Chancery 72,178 68 

Court of Errors and Appeals 10,510 50 

Court of Pardons 1,740 48 

Deaf Mutes 43,000 00 

Delaware Bay and Maurice River Cove Oyster 

Commission 23,985 68 

Department of Banking- and Insurance 22,16116 

Discharged Convicts 2,000 00 

Emergency 9,991 65 

Executive Department 15.208 80 

Factories and Workshops 9,967 73 

Farnum Preparatory School 1,456 86 

Feeble Minded 4,885 89 

Free School Libraries 5,290 00 

Geological Survey 12,999 68 

Home for Disabled Soldiers 20.000 00 

Home for Feeble-minded Women, Yineland 7,002 25 

Industrial Education 43,192 80 

Industrial School for Girls 12,174 34 

Insurance 200 00 

Law and Equity Reports 7,687 60 

Legislature 83.753 78 

Loans to School Fund 193,000 00 

Manual Training- and Industrial School at Bor- 

dentown 5,000 00 

Monmouth Battle Monument 437 84 

National Guard 134.994 15 

Naval Reserve 16,403 61 



358 STATK DEPARTMENTS. 

Newark Armory 50,000 00 

N. J. Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, 

Marines and Their Wives 20,496 30 

N. J. State Horticultural Society 400 00 

Office of Clerk in Chancery 33,281 24 

Office of Clerk of the Supreme Court 23,048 23 

Office of the Comptroller 13,683 99 

Office of the Secretary of State 28,848 42 

Office of the Treasurer 12,885 13 

Oyster Commission 9,890 62 

Oyster Commission (Clams) 1,961 32 

Palisades 2,500 00 

Pensions 4,743 72 

Presentation of Sword 302 50 

Preservation of Records 3,500 00 

Printing 41,897 64 

Public Roads 153,432 00 

Quartermaster-General's Department 9,946 93 

Rahway Reformatory 260,000 00 

Reform School for Boys 32,248 40 

Refunded Taxes on Exempted Miscellaneous 

Corporations 131 81 

Riparian Commission 12,875 79 

Riparian Lands 20,575 52 

School Census 1,500 00 

School Fund Expenses 3,513 68 

Sinking- Fund Account 4,260 00 

Sinking Fund— Legal Expenses 836 88 

Soldiers' State Pay 9 00 

Spanish- American War Medals 30 75 

State Board of Agriculture 6,912 24 

State Board of Arbitration 6,216 50 

State Board of Assessors 22,562 70 

State Board of Children's Guardians 2,819 56 

State Board of Education 3,102 25 

Slate Board of Health 15,126 70 

State Board of Taxation 13,589 84 

State Charities Aid Association 600 00 

State Dairy Commission 13,460 29 

State Home for Boys 29,946 57 

State Home for Girls 27,561 56 

State Hospitals 923 59 

State Hospital at Trenton 75,859 72 

State Hospital at Morris Plains 225,435 09 

State House Commission 55,000 00 

State House Commission— Special 500 00 

State House Building Commission 46.000 00 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

State Library 

State Museum 

State Normal School 

S! ate Prison Maintenance 

State Prison Furniture, Appliances and Repairs 

State Prison Salaries 

State Sewerage Commission 

State Traveling- Libra.ries 

Supreme Court. 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 12,943 00 

Teacliers' Institutes 

Teachers' Libraries 

Transportation of Prisoners 

T renton Battle Monument 

Tuberculosis Commission 

Village of Epileptics 

"Washington Association of New Jersey 

Weather Service 



7,599 92 


1,922 20 


49,999 05 


93,001 06 


11,880 28 


100,064 59 


9,118 48 


2,000 00 


106.738 90 


12,943 00 


3,000 00 


400 00 


308 20 


500 00 


10,500 00 


46,961 67 


2,500 00 


1,000 00 



$2,871,726 97 
Receipts over disbursements 752,068 74 



$3,623,795 71 
EXTRAORDINARY DISBURSEMENTS. 
The following extraordinary disbursements are included 
ill the above statement: 

Rahway Reformatory .$260,000 00 

Morris Plains Hospital (New Building, etc.) 1.32,801 76 

Newark Armory 50,000 00 

State Hovise Extension 46,000 00 

Village for Epileplics 34,496 57 

Riparian Lands 20,575 52 

State Home for Girls (New Building, etc) 15,000 00 

Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and 

Their Wives (Improvements) 12,996 30 

Delaware Bay and Maurice River Cove Oyster 

Commission (Survey) 8,299 34 

Home for Feeble-minded Women (New Build- 
ing) 

State Home for Boys (New Building) 

Assembly Committee af Investigation 

Palisades 

Bradley's New Jersey Citations 



7,002 25 


.^.,000 00 


2,941 38 


2,500 00 


1,500 00 



Balance on hand November 1st, 1899. . .$1,253,153 42 
Balance on hand November 1st, 1900... 2,005,222 16 
State Fund Securities 188,700 00 



$599,113 12 



1560 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

SCHOOI^ FTNDS. 

Receipts. 

State School Tax for the year 1899 $2,333,550 00 

Interest on bonds other than School 
District bonds and those secured by 

Mortgages $S0,733 74 

Rents from Riparian Leases 40,367 69 

Interest on School District Bonds 22,745 79 

Interest on Bonds and Mortgages 21,305 69 

Dividends 14,650 00 

Licenses 1,190 00 

Rents from Real Estate 916 50 

$181,909 41 
Loans to School Fund (from State 
Fund) 193,000 00 

374,909 4J 

Securities paid off- 
Stocks and Bonds $227,-575 00 

School District Bonds 43,870 00 

Bonds and Mortgages 32,9.50 00 

Riparian Leases 19,009 74 

Real Estate ' 1,700 00 

$325,104 74 
Loss on sale of Real Estate 2,600 00 

327,704 74 

Riparian Leases Cancelled 11,928 30 

Grants 80,850 61 

Balance in bank, November 1st. 1899 60,720 88 

$3,189,663 94 
Disbursements. 

State School Tax for the year 1899 $2,333,550 00 

Loans of School Fund 387,500 00 

Loss on sale of Real Estate 2,600 00 

Riparian Leases Cancelled 11,928 30 

Free Public Schools $200,000 00 

Loans to School Fund (repayment to 

State Fund) 170.500 00 

Premium and Accrued Interest on 

Loans 4.145 94 

374,645 94 

Balance in bank, October 31st. 1900 79,439 70 



$3,189,663 94 
Total amount of School Fund Securi- 
ties .$3,690,682 62 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 361 

State Board of Assessors. 

FOR- THE ASSESSMENT AND TAXATION OF RAIL- 
ROAD AND OTHER CORPORATE PROPERTY. 

Bird W. Spencer, President; Robert S. Green, Stephen J. 
Meeker, Amos Gibbs. Irvine E. Maguire, Secretary: 
George William Barnard, Assistant Secretary. 

This department of the State Government was created 
under an act of the Legislature entitled "An act for the 
taxation of railroad and canal property," approved April 
10th, 1884. 

The work of the Board was increased during the same 
year by the passage of another act, entitled "An act to 
provide for the imposition of State taxes upon certain cor- 
porations, and for the collection thereof," approved April 
18th, 1884. 

By an act of the Legislature of 1900 (taking effect Janu- 
ary 1st, 1901), this Board is further charged with the assess- 
ment and apportionment of the municipal franchise tax 
to be paid by persons, copartnerships, associations or cor- 
porations using or occupying public streets, highways, 
roads or other public places. 

The report of the Board for the year 1900 shows that 117 
railroad and canal companies within the State are subject 
to taxation. These companies represent about 2,300 miles 
of railroads and 173 miles of canals. 

The following tablt is a summary of the valuation and 
assessment of railroad and canal property for the year 1900, 
subject to review by the Board, which review is now in 
progress: 



362 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

CO ci 05 CO «o (» ci r 

lO I- T-H CJ CO CO I- C 



d y^ 

-& 






00 C-1 C<l 

e^ oo CO 
t- -*<* ift 



h 0) 
O M 



r: i^ Oi 






g S 



^ S 



Cv3 £ .2 

O OJ cS 

fcj !> 3 

<r- "^ ^ 



s s 



CO lO Cv) Oi 



CO lO to r-f Oi Irt 



I s 






^ 


^ 


■^ 


=^ 


X 


K 


o 


3 


rt 


02 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 363 

MISCELLANEOUS CORPORATIONS. 

Under the provisions of the act of April 18th, 1884, and its 
supplements, the Board has assessed for the year 1900 a 
State franchise tax again 6,605 corporations, amounting to 
$2,051,259.68 tax. 

The following- table shows the compaiison with previous 
years of the number of corporations assessed under this 
act, and the amount of tax levied: 

Inc. in Inc. in Dec. in 

No. of Amount No. of Amount Amount 
Corporations of Tax Corporations of Tax of Tax 
Years. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. Assessed. 
1S84 619 $195,273 51 



1885 797 235,769 40 

1886 917 244,0.35 81 

1887 1,132 287,702 13 

1888 1,457 360,197 59 

1889 1,698 438,893 42 

1890 2,103 574,048 16 

1891 2,377 629,659 62 

1892 3,149 788,486 86 

1893 3,889 973,417 19 

1894 4,283 1,077,066 39 

1895 4,450 1,092,744 59 

1896 4,593 1,060,056 52 143 $32,688 07 

1897 4,777 1,075,278 52 184 15,222 00 

1898 5,188 1,197,030 54 411 121,752 02 

1899 5,469 1,332,635 95 281 135,605 41 

1900 6,605 2,051,259 68 1,1.36 718,623 73 



178 


$40,495 89 


120 


8,266 41 


215 


43,666 32 


325 


72,495 46 


241 


78,695 83 


405 


135,154 74 


274 


55,661 46 


772 


158,827 24 


740 


184,930 33 


394 


103,649 20 


167 


15,678 20 


143 





State Board of Health. 

The State Board of Health was created by the Legisla- 
ture in 1877, and the annual reports show the work which 
has been accomplished during the past twenty-three years. 
Professor C. F. Brackett, M.D., LL.D., Is President of the 
Board, and Henry Mitchell, M.D., is Secretary. The Secre- 
tary of State, the Attorney-General and the State Geolo- 
gist are members ex officio. The other members are Laban 
Dennis, M.D., Newark; Henry "W. Elmer, M.D., Bridgeton; 
Henry B. Rue, M.D., Hoboken; William H. Murray, M.D., 
Plainfield: George P. Olcott, C.E., East Orange. 

In addition to the duties assigned to the Board by the 
act under which it is constituted, it has charge of the 
execution of the laws for the prevention of the spread of 
contagious diseases of animals, for regulating the sale of 
petroleum, for preventing the sale of contaminated milk, 
for regulating maritime quarantine, for conducting the 
State laboratory of hygiene and for preventing the sale 
of diseased meat and other unwholesome foods. 



3G4 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Besides its special work the Board is constantly con- 
sulted by local health authorities concerning methods for 
restricting the spread of preventable diseases, the abate- 
ment of nuisances, the prevention of the pollution of 
streams, and for the improvement of sanitary administra- 
tion. 

As a Bureau of Vital Statistics the Board receives and 
records all marriages, births and deaths w^hich occur in 
the State, and tabulates these records for use in proving 
descent; in the relations of guardians and vv^ards; in the 
disabilities of minors; in the administration of estates; 
the settlement of insurance and pensions; the requirements 
of foreign countries concerning residence, marriages and 
legacies; for proving marriages in our own country; in 
voting and in the jury and militia service; in the right to 
admission and practice in the professions and in public 
office; in the enforcement of the laws relating to education 
and to child labor; the determination of the "age of con- 
sent," &c. 

The following table shows the number of marriages, 
births, still-births and deaths registered each year since 
the eslablishment of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, and 
also the number of recorded marriages which occurred 
among non-residents : 

Non- 
Still- Resident 
Year. Marriages. Births. Deaths. Births. Marriages. 

187S 

1879 

1880 

1881 

1882 

1883 

1884 

1885 

1886 

1887 



1889.., 
1890... 
1891.., 
1892... 
1893... 
1894.., 
1895.., 
1896... 
1897... 
1898... 
1899... 
1900... 



542 


1,845 


1,501 






7,188 


23,205 


20,575 


1,306 




8,100 


24,292 


19,125 


1,475 




8,3.36 


24,268 


21,039 


1,492 




9,094 


23,812 


26,082 


1.409 




9,911 


25,667 


23,445 


1,511 




9,329 


26,5.39 


21,821 


1,400 




9,348 


25,189 


23,966 


1,782 




12,838 


27,382 


22,923 


1,494 


2,572 


15,6.39 


28,016 


24,556 


1,580 


4,332 


16,574 


29,084 


27,479 


1,7.39 


4,475 


15,962 


30,407 


26,778 


1.859 


4,072 


15,954 


31,770 


28,773 


1.819 


4,187 


15,847 


30,023 


29,179 


1.809 


3,411 


16,572 


32,726 


33,016 


1.848 


3,767 


17,627 


34,6.39 


30,929 


1.892 


4,073 


16,690 


35,108 


30,3.55 


2,022 


3,881 


16,537 


33,198 


30,901 


1,933 


3.282 


18,774 


33,006 


31,315 


2,033 


4,132 


18,171 


31,595 


29,822 


2,031 


4,090 


13,213 


32,515 


27,337 


2,060 


262 


13,336 


29,419 


30,999 


1,877 


64 


15,875 


36,837 


32,204 


2,045 


50 



301,457 650.542 594,120 38.416 46,6-50 
Grand total, 1,584,535. Yearly average, 68.892. 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 



365 



Stiitt* l$iireau of ^'ital Statistics. 

STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1900. 



Atlantic 434 

Bergen 414 

Eurling-ton 377 

Camden 1,347 

Cape May 88 

Cumberland 445 

Essex 2,797 

Gloucester 211 

Hudson 2,916 

Hunterdon 242 

Mercer 718 

Middlesex 564 

Monmouth 554 

Morris 378 

Ocean 128 

Passaic 1,459 

Salem 185 

Somerset 225 

Sussex 162 

Union 679 

Warren 288 

14,611 
Cities. Marriages. 

Atlantic City 279 

Bayonne 185 

Bordentown 37 

Bridgeton 142 

Burlington 64 

Camden 1,161 

Dover 45 

East Orange 136 

Elizabeth 382 

Englewood 39 

Gloucester City 47 

Hackensack 92 

Harrison 73 

Hoboken 720 

Jersey City 1,453 

Long Branch 77 

Millville 97 

Montclair 80 

Morristown 83 

Newark 2,207 

New Bruns v/ick 171 

Orange 151 

Passaic City 480 

Paterson 893 • 

Perth Amboy 202 

Phillipsburg 94 

Plainfield 113 

Rahway 74 

Salem City 72 

South Amboy 41 

Town of Union 151 

Trenton 593 



10,434 



Births. 


Deaths. 


824 


771 


1,309 


1,067 


718 


910 


1,688 


1,802 


184 


174 


856 


662 


7,6.36 


6,4.33 


497 


413 


7,300 


7,742 


496 


433 


940 


1,559 


1,440 


1,220 


1.010 


1,189 


794 


921 


289 


256 


3,142 


2,824 


346 


364 


440 


425 


189 


272 


1,709 


1,580 


463 


457 


32,270 


31,474 


Births. 


Deaths. 


460 


497 


777 


569 


53 


80 


255 


200 


61 


183 


1.177 


1,299 


103 


74 


296 


236 


982 


922 


106 


111 


141 


136 


157 


129 


144 


237 


1,509 


1,366 


3,416 


4,198 


94 


161 


2.35 


167 


282 


211 


221 


184 


5,668 


4,824 


324 


425 


583 


498 


895 


583 


1,975 


1,967 


388 


256 


121 


122 


323 


246 


64 


123 


62 


117 


154 


88 


271 


215 


685 


1,204 


21,982 


20,628 



266 STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

Road Improvement in New Jersey for the Year 1900, 

Through the ages it has been the history of all reforms 
that to make them continuous it was necessary to con- 
stantly add line upon line and precept upon precept in 
order to persuade the people to a high religious, moral and 
physical development. In the matter of road improvement 
in the State of New Jersey it does not seem necessary to 
use any of the modern or ancient modes of persuading 
action in this direction. The numerous miles of hard roads 
that can now be seen in any portion of the State, and the 
enjoyment that most any citizen can have from them is 
inducing all of our communities to take measures to have 
many m.ore miles paved with stone or gravel. The fervor 
for hard roads is spreading so widely that next year we 
will have several counties on our list which have not here- 
tofore been candidates. Warren, Sussex, Cape May and 
Ocean counties have petitioned for and are preparing to 
advertise for improved roads, and there is a possibility of 
Hunterdon and Bergen counties being claimants for State 
botmty. This year, 1900, has been the first that Hudson 
and Union counties have enjoyed State aid, and they have 
been quite liberal in their expenditures. Such is the zeal 
of the older counties in road bviilding it is almost impos- 
sible to restrain them. Many of them are building up to 
the full limit of the law. Mercer, Monmouth, Middlesex, 
Morris and Burlington have this year constructed up to 
the full extent of the one-fourth of one per cent, of their 
ratables, while they, with Essex and Passaic, have built 
beyond the limit of the State appropriation, all showing 
the need of a larger revenvie both from the State and coun- 
ties in order that the desires and needs of the people may 
be more rapidly gratified. 

The people seem to be so wonderfully impressed with the 
idea that by good roads the value of lands will be increased, 
transportation cheapened, travel and business attracted, 
school houses and churches filled, and civilization ad- 
vanced, that they are praying as earnestly for them as for 
great riches. Consequently, the pressure for new roads 
is so great it seems almost impossible to hold the people 
back. They are so anxious they are not willing to confine 
themselves within the limit of the State and county appro- 
priations. They are constantly insisting upon building 
ahead of the State appropriation so they can enjoy them 
now, so that, although the law, on account of the increased 
expense of construction, will not allow this year for the 



STATE DEPARTMENTS. 367 

payment of more than eighty miles of roads, there have 
been and are about one himdred and forty miles under 
construction. Many of these miles were not completed by 
October 31st, the end of the State's fiscal year. These will 
be candidates for next year's appropriation. With this 
condition of things existing, it would seem proper that our 
State should at least increase its appropriation fifty thovi- 
sand dollars, making the total two hundred thousand dol- 
lars, and that the State aid law should be so amended as 
to allow the counties to raise one-half instead of one- 
(luarter per cent, upon their ratables. Our last Legisla- 
ture, at the urgent request of many farmers, passed this 
amendment, the people being willing to stand the greater 
taxation in order to secure what they now T3elieve an abso- 
lute necessity; but the Governor thought it the better part 
of wisdom to wait a while before such an amendment 
should be approved. From numerous sources we hear 
there will be pressure brought upon our Legislature the 
coming winter to increase the tax upon the ratables to one- 
half of one per cent, and to increase the State appropria- 
tion, and this will be justified by the condition of our 
treasury and what the census reveals of our growth, for 
New Jersey makes a most gratifying showing in the new 
census. Its rate of increase, 30.3 per cent., in the last 
decade, is matched by no State east of the meridian of 
Texas and Minnesota. The rate of increase for the entire 
country is less than twenty-one per cent., so New Jersey's 
increase is almost one-third above the average. Much of 
this increase is no doubt due to its many miles of hard 
roads attracting population along their lines. 

In area New Jersey is one of the least of the States of 
the Union, ranking forty-second— Delaware, Rhode Island 
and Connecticut being the only States smaller than New 
Jersey. By the census of 1880 New Jersey ranked eigh- 
teenth in population. Its gain of 438.736 people in the last 
decade has carried it above Virginia and Alabama, and 
made it the sixteenth State in ppint of population. In spite 
of its extensive pine barrens. New Jersey has ranked third 
in density of population since 1870, and that rank it still 
retains, Rhode Island and Massachusetts being the only 
States having more people to the square mile than New 
Jersey. 

CONTINUOUS LINES. 

Although it has been at more than usual expense, we have 
been wonderfully successful this year in completing many 
of the various links that are necessary to make continu- 



36S STATE DEPARTMENTS. 

ous lines m.rth iind SdUih, east and west Ihroutihout the 
State. In the vicinity of Hightstown, New Jersey, which 
seems to be at the "crossing of the ways," there have been 
about twenty-five miles of roads macadamized in the coun- 
ties of Mercer, Middlesex and Monmouth, at a cost of about 
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. These improve- 
ments connect many of the different settlements in these 
and other counties, making continuous lines south to At- 
lantic City and north to Jersey City; also west to the sea- 
side resorts of the Atlantic ocean. 

Having now one system virtually complete north and 
south, east and west across the State, we are building 
links in three other systems north and south, and several 
other roads in many directions to act as feeders to these 
systems; thus nearly all the citizens of our State will soon 
have the use, of hard roads over all or part of the distance 
they are forced to travel to reach their cities or market 
towns. 

ROAD MAP. 

We have prepared a map to accompany our report, upon 
w-hich all the improved roads of the State are marked. 
The free roads are marked in blue and the toll roads are 
dotted in the same color. 

This map gives at a glance the extent of road improve- 
ment in New Jersey, and gives the intended traveler an 
opportunity to select his routes of travel. By means of 
this the owners of automobiles, bicycles and pleasure car- 
riages of all kinds can intelligently travel through any 
portion of our State. No doubt it will guide many from 
the outside world by our beautiful farms and magnificent 
scenery, and may be the means of inducing some of them 
to settle upon our hills and in our valleys. 

Vi^e hope it will be an instructive addition to our report. 



ELECTION RETI'RNS. 



369 



NEW JERSEY ELECTION RETURNS. 



OFFICIAL, 1900. 



Atlantic County. 

Elec. 



-CONG.- 



-ASSEM.- 



Absecon 

Atlantic City, 1st Ward, 1st Dist. 

" " " 2d " . 

" 2d 



3d 



4th 



1st 
2d 
1st 
2d 
3d 
1st 
2d 
3d 



e4 

85 
401 
469 
329 
519 
384 
414 
390 
304 
263 
352 



S 
i) 
Q 

69 
194 
101 

75 
107 

81 
167 
127 
116 
178 
184 



O P-t P^ 






76 
390 
462 
325 
511 
382 
411 
387 
301 



16 260 
30 343 



65 
200 
103 

78 
114 

82 
158 
130 
118 
179 
189 



8 79 70 

4 390 199 

10 466 

10 327 

7 



516 
379 
411 
386 
304 
264 



5 
11 

5 
16 
30 349 



3910 1389 109 SSU8 1U16 106 3871 

Brigantine, 1st Precinct 9 13 8 2 3 8 

2d " 15 3 4 15 3 4 15 

Buena Vista Township 174 154 7 173 155 7 173 

Egg Harbor Township 239 99 15 234 100 15 239 

" City 193 127 205 112 199 

Galloway, 1st District 189 117 13 192 112 14 185 

2d " 72 82 1 70 84 1 73 

Hamilton Township '298 1-37 13 291 139 12 289 

Hammonton, 1st Precinct 175 107 16 170 110 18 169 

2d " 198 51 15 198 51 15 196 

Linwood Borough 65 34 9 64 35 9 65 

Longport " 23 3 1 23 3 1 23 

MuUica 128 46 15 124 47 17 130 

Pleasantville 278 113 50 270 114 54 273 

Somers Point 42 47 1 41 48 42 

South Atlantic Borough 17 10 1 16 11 1 17 

Weymouth 97 46 4 98 45 3 95 



1U13 

2 

3 

159 

96 

124 

118 

81 

146 

112 

53 

34 

3 

44 

113 

47 

10 

47 



Total vote in county 6122 2566 277 6040 2587 280 6062 2605 

Plurality in county 3556 SU5S SU57 

Social-Democrat, 49 ; Social-Labor, 9 ; People's, 23. 
24 



370 ELECTION RETURNS. 



Berg-en County. 

— Elec— —Con— — Sbn.— Assembly. 



I g E^ |Q -^cS Iq I^ S;^ |;5 la 

Allendale Borough 94 62 95 61 92 63 91 92 63 63 

Bergen 27 31 27 31 24 34 27 29 31 28 

Bergen Fields Borough 65 97 64 97 63 98 61 64 97 97 

Bogota Borough 51 29 50 30 49 28 48 49 27 29 

Carlstadt Borough 266 238 262 243 261 245 262 265 243 240 

Cliflfside Park Borough 85 102 83 104 85 102 82 82 104 104 

Cresskill Borough 58 35 55 39 50 42 52 53 39 40 

Delford Borough 101 62 101 63 94 68 100 100 63 63 

Dumont Borough 98 44 90 51 89 51 90 91 45 48 

North Arlington Borough 23 45 23 45 23 45 23 23 45 45 

East Rutherlord Borough 323 185 324 184 325 183 324 325 184 183 

Englewood Cliffs Borough 26 16 23 19 20 20 15 19 19 24 

Edgewater Borough 94 128 94 128 94 128 94 93 128 127 

Englewood, 1st Ward 231 93 222 110 223 110 201 219 106 135 

2d " 155 96 151 107 150 109 137 147 111 120 

3d " 204 205 202 211 199 202 176 199 207 235 

4th " 117 153 117 156 119 151 112 117 148 160 

Fairview Borough 95 89 90 92 87 97 95 94 89 90 

Franklin 268 179 257 188 269 178 269 268 179 180 

Garfield Borough 305 170 3ii5 171 303 171 279 317 197 152 

Glenrock Borough 72 76 72 76 72 76 72 72 76 76 

Hasbrouck Heights Borough..,. 195 55 195 55 190 56 189 195 59 52 

Harrington, 1st Dist 283 2l7 281 221 269 227 276 282 220 224 

2d " 109 116 109 116 108 115 104 107 116 116 

Hillsdale 134 55 133 56 119 69 133 134 55 55 

Hohokus.. 335 196 335 196 334 197 334 334 197 197 

Leonia Borough 117 48 116 49 116 50 111 116 49 43 

Little Ferry Borough 41 126 40 126 41 126 41 42 125 126 

Lodi... 21 59 21 59 21 59 21 25 59 55 

Lodi Borough ^ 226 97 226 97 226 96 211 273 118 46 

May wood Borough 50 50 57 40 46 58 44 47 54 55 

Midland Park Borough 137 104 134 107 137 106 137 138 105 105 

Midland 147 108 147 107 147 109 142 147 113 109 

Montvale Borough 39 47 39 47 34 52 40 40 46 46 

New Barbadoes, 1st Dist 192 248 189 255 187 255 188 195 249 251 

2d " 300 238 295 5^46 286 251 291 301 241 243 

" 3d " 321 135 315 144 306 150 310 311 143 144 

4th " 309 109 300 121 300 123 298 300 119 118 

5th " 80 41 77 47 75 50 77 77 48 48 

Overpeck 245 135 241 136 244 137 241 347 134 138 

Old Tappan Borough 10 51 11 50 11 50 10 10 49 50 

Orvil 160 110 148 122 155 114 159 160 111 110 

Palisades 63 106 62 107 62 107 62 63 105 105 

Palisades Park Borough 62 46 64 45 66 43 65 65 44 44 

Park Ridge Borough., 81 126 79 129 56 146 76 78 128 130 

Ridgefield 213 244 211 243 213 241 207 205 240 245 

Ridgefield Borough„ 79 41 77 45 77 45 77 7H 43 44 

Ridgewood 453 161 439 176 441 173 444 445 169 172 

Riverside Borough 67 44 65 48 63 50 63 64 48 48 



ELECTION RETURNS. 371 

Bergen County— Continued. 

— Elec. — — Con. — — Sen. — Assembly.- 



Rutherford, 1st Dist 341 112 337 116 334 118 340 343 111 112 

2d •' 379 102 373 106 372 107 373 374 106 105 

Saddle River 156 193 153 195 155 194 154 158 191 191 

Saddle River Borough 69 39 70 37 69 38 71 71 37 37 

Tenafly Borough 233 123 233 124 228 125 217 230 129 132 

Teaneck 108 27 106 30 106 30 106 107 30 30 

Union 139 173 138 174 138 172 139 146 169 172 

Upper Saddle River Borough... 23 38 23 38 23 37 23 23 38 38 

Washington 54 112 57 109 61 106 54 58 112 109 

Wallington Borough 159 110 160 111 156 104 155 165 116 108 

Westwood " 93 91 92 91 86 94 90 91 90 91 

Woodcliflt " 33 47 33 47 27 50 33 83 47 47 

Woodridge " 70 41 69 40 68 42 69 68 42 42 

4875 3352 4794 3433 4729 3475 4745 4839 3407 3419 

4219 3104 4163 3181 4115 3206 4040 4226 3199 3153 



Total vote in county 9094 6456 89.57 6614 8844 6681 8785 9065 6606 6572 

Plurality in county 2638 23US 2163 

Prohibition, 165 ; Social Democrat, 178 ; Social Labor, 50 ; People's, 28. 



372 ELECTION RETURNS. 



Burlington County. 

— Elec Cong. Sen. Assembly. 



2 ^ Bd,«£ V d, V S V Q. 2 d, »E cS 

« I «=^ •==> 3^ «« Se< -coi SO gQ 

Bass River 51 130 49 128 63 120 51 51 129 132 

Beverly City 286 U4 285 146 263 170 285 284 146 147 

" Township 272 119 272 121 261 132 273 270 120 123 

Bordentown, 1st Dist 265 97 256 100 228 131 267 261 87 102 

2d " 278 224 303 200 252 249 279 276 213 224 

3d " 91 145 117 117 91 142 99 92 135 146 

676 U7 571 522 6U5 629 IS5 U72 

Burlington, 1st Dist 230 173 229 176 200 201 232 230 175 176 

" 1st " 2d Ward.... 188 128 188 127 162 163 187 186 128 129 

" 2d " " " .... 197 92 195 95 187 102 196 196 95 95 

" 3d " 273 242 274 244 233 286 272 272 244 245 

4th " 275 161 281 155 248 187 280 278 159 160 

1167 797 1030 929 1167 1162 801 805 

Burlington Township 198 74 194 75 172 99 197 198 75 75 

Chester, East Dist 301 111 302 109 275 117 301 299 110 111 

West " 301 179 302 180 283 182 301 301 178 179 

Chesterfield 198 64 198 67 180 73 196 199 64 67 

Cinnaminson, 1st Dist 219 80 203 94 213 88 220 217 79 83 

2d " 143 155 143 155 177 122 161 143 144 150 

Delran 73 132 74 131 72 131 74 74 131 131 

Eastampton 84 50 84 51 68 61 84 82 51 51 

Evesham 189 150 187 151 186 151 189 185 150 151 

Fieldsboro Berough 80 44 79 46 78 45 80 79 45 46 

Florence 345 146 347 144 309 180 346 343 146 148 

Lumberton 231 120 235 117 217 136 2.33 232 117 120 

Mansfield 193 176 194 177 178 187 191 197 159 178 

Medford 285 160 285 161 285 163 281 281 162 167 

Mount Laurel 193 138 196 137 184 143 193 194 137 139 

New Hanover 201 233 200 233 171 258 189 201 232 243 

Northampton, 1st Dist 320 132 319 133 283 155 315 314 135 140 

2d " 211 139 209 140 184 157 211 215 137 138 

3d " 336 180 336 181 290 226 333 333 182 186 

Palmyra 334 142 327 154 333 149 363 330 126 133 

Pemberton Township ,... 199 153 200 151 199 153 200 199 152 153 

Borough 130 102 123 107 124 106 132 129 102 105 

Riverside 32 J 259 322 260 320 260 322 320 258 2o9 

Shamong 128 127 131 126 129 128 95 127 125 166 

Southampton, East 120 100 118 102 108 109 118 121 99 100 

West 156 115 155 115 148 120 157 158 115 113 

Springfield 166 162 166 169 144 188 164 165 169 169 

Washington 89 37 89 37 89 37 88 89 36 38 

Westampton 109 42 107 42 95 51 109 109 42 42 

Willingboro 73 82 73 83 61 94 73 73 83 84 

Woodland 50 34 51 34 54 31 52 51 32 34 

Total Vote in county 8383 5473 8398 5471 7796 5973 8389 8354 5404 5578 

Plurality in county 2910 2927 1S2S 

Prohibition, 506 ; Soc.-Dem., 75; Soc.-Lab., 10 ; People's, 33. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Oaraden County. 



— Elec- 



-CONG. 



-Assembly. 



City of Camden— 
1st Prec , 1st Ward 213 



«J o. Jij a Ji Q. 






E . 

^ E jfS 



2d 
3d 
4th 
5th 
6th 



1st Prec, 2d Ward, 

2d " " . 

3d " " , 

4th 

5th " " . 



150 65 

289 89 

236 67 

251 111 

185 111 



201 64 

150 67 

274 112 

229 72 

249 110 

191 101 



211 
150 
285 
233 
251 
185 



210 
151 
284 
234 
251 
185 



212 65 

152 66 

284 92 

234 68 

249 111 

185 111 



55 54 

68 66 

94 94 

68 68 

111 111 

111 111 



132!, !,97 129U 526 1515 1315 1316 513 507 



203 

214 



200 129 
258 101 



287 116 
191 140 
256 107 



219 
227 
256 
199 
259 



217 
233 
254 
197 
258 



218 
233 
254 



28 
58 
97 



202 128 129 128 
255 102 102 102 



1st Prec ,3d Ward, 
2d " " . 
3d " " . 



1169 


1,15 


1101 


!S9 


1160 


1159 


1162 


1,93 


1,^0 


'r7^ 


237 


97 


235 


97 


235 


236 


235 


96 


97 


f*<^ 


258 


129 


257 


130 


257 


258 


259 


i?q 


131 


130 


292 


129 


284 


138 


288 


293 


293 


130 


129 


120 



1st Prec. 

2d 

3d 

4th 
5th 



1st Prec. 

2d 

3d 

4th 

5th 

6th 



1st Prec 

2d 
3d 
4th 
5th 
6th 
7th 
8th 
9th 



4th Ward. 



787 355 
151 



186 
157 
158 
237 



776 365 

150 71 

185 54 

149 63 

158 66 

224 100 



150 
188 
156 
157 
231 



787 
152 
189 
155 
158 
232 



787 353 557 31^ 

151 69 67 71 

189 50 51 51 

156 57 57 57 

158 66 66 67 
234 



91 90 



. ,. „r . ^^^ ^-'^ -5^^ ^^^ ^5~ 886 

5th Ward 223 62 222 61 224 224 

241 111 235 115 240 241 

188 112 186 114 187 186 

249 109 249 111 249 251 

225 108 240 94 224 223 

144 126 141 129 144 144 



888 333 331 336 

224 61 61 61 

241 111 110 110 

187 113 112 112 

251 109 109 109 

224 108 109 108 

144 126 126 126 



6th Ward. 



129 
111 
91 
153 
139 
111 
182 
126 



630 
90 
77 
55 
59 
36 
54 
54 
91 
82 



ni3 62k 1268 1269 1271 62i 



164 
126 
110 
92 
151 
139 
110 
182 



168 
129 
111 
91 
153 
139 
111 
182 
125 



128 
111 
91 
153 
140 
111 
183 
127 



169 
128 
111 
90 
153 
140 
111 
183 
126 



S27 626 
89 91 



1211 598 1200 603 1209 1212 1211 60U 593 596 



374 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Camden County— ( Continued. ) 



-Elhc. 



-CoNG.- 



- Assembly. 



Pi Q 
City of Camden— (Con.)— 

1st Prec, 7th Ward 227 90 

2d " " 152 60 

3d " " 160 82 

4th " " 157 100 

5th " " 353 38 

6th " " 108 69 

7th " " 145 94 






227 
151 
147 
158 
351 
105 



137 103 



230 
152 
150 
159 
352 
108 
145 



b 

229 
152 
150 
159 
353 
108 
144 



--' 41 

227 
152 
150 
159 
353 
108 
145 



it u 



£ . 



95 



1st Prec, 8th Ward. 

2d 

3d 

4th 

5th 

6th 



1st Prec, 9th Ward. 

2d 

3d 

4 th 

5th 

6th 

7th 



1292 


533 


1276 


551 


1296 


1295 


129U 


531 


531 


531 


155 


85 


156 


89 


155 


153 


155 


87 


83 


84 


185 


73 


183 


73 


185 


184 


185 


74 


73 


73 


115 


64 


109 


67 


115 


113 


115 


66 


64 


64 


155 


82 


151 


86 


154 


153 


154 


84 


83 


83 


150 


44 


150 


44 


150 


150 


150 


44 


44 


44 


230 


23 


230 


23 


230 


230 


230 


23 


23 


23 


990 


371 


979 


382 


989 


983 


989 


378 


370 


371 


16U 


53 


153 


59 


160 


159 


160 


55 


52 


52 


226 


54 


213 


64 


223 


223 


223 


57 


55 


54 


117 


49 


114 


52 


117 


118 


118 


50 


49 


49 


186 


137 


176 


149 


188 


187 


186 


185 


135 


135 


165 


62 


160 


74 


167 


170 


168 


63 


62 


66 


220 


65 


212 


73 


215 


219 


219 


68 


67 


67 


146 


69 


145 


71 


146 


147 


147 


68 


68 


69 



l&t Prec 
2d " 
3d " 

4th " 



1220 U89 1173 532 1216 1223 1221 U96 US8 U92 

10th Ward 185 77 176 86 186 186 182 77 75 78 

" 121 54 116 60 120 122 121 54 54 55 

" 173 43 163 54 171 172 170 50 51 51 

" 230 85 222 95 227 230 230 88 88 88 







709 


259 


677 


295 


70U 


710 


703 


269 


268 


272 


1st Prec. 


nth Ward 


... 120 


98 


114 


107 


119 


118 


117 


100 


101 


100 


2d •' 


" " 


... 162 


69 


153 


78 


162 


161 


161 


68 


68 


68 


3d " 


" " 


... 153 


56 


153 


61 


151 


152 


148 


56 


55 


56 


4th " 


" .... 


... 97 


22 


97 


21 


97 


97 


97 


22 


22 


22 






532 


21,5 


517 


267 


529 


530 


523 


2A6 


2U6 


2!,6 


1st Prec 


12th Ward 


... 132 


128 


168 


90 


132 


132 


132 


128 


128 


128 


2d " 


<< tt 


... 200 


91 


193 


100 


198 


197 


197 


92 


96 


92 


3d " 


" " 


... 194 


62 


178 


79 


194 


193 


193 


60 


64 


61 


4th " 


" " 


... 109 


25 


102 


33 


106 


106 


106 


29 


30 


28 



635 506 

Centre Twp., 1st Prec 160 98 

2d " 160 14 

Chesilhurst 38 16 

Collingswood 235 82 

Delaware Township 196 114 



631 302 

152 109 

154 16 

37 17 

223 91 

195 116 



630 
158 
157 
38 
237 
197 



628 
141 
137 
38 
229 
194 



628 209 318 S09 

159 112 98 98 

158 12 23 16 

38 16 16 16 

234 84 83 82 

197 112 115 113 



ELECTION RETURNS. 375 

Camden County— ( Continued. ) 

— Elec. — —Con. — Assembly. 



.y e "^ ~ . sT S . . 

V i gaJ 5Q 1^ =P^ '3^ 2Q ^Q oQ 

Pi a ^ fi, cq O ^Ui^S 
Gloucester City- - 

1st Ward 293 330 293 332 292 292 292 333 333 333 

2d " 1st Prec 213 285 213 280 218 217 218 282 281 281 

2d " 2d " 196 314 191 319 196 197 196 313 314 314 

1U91 1253 U58 1280 U93 lhh5 U92 126U 1263 1253 

Gloucester Twp., 1st Prec„ 265 128 264 132 260 265 263 131 128 128 

2d " .. 263 113 249 126 255 246 250 128 114 114 

Haddonfield Borough., 433 77 425 82 426 428 438 79 78 76 

Haddon Twp„ 1st Prec 115 32 113 34 114 112 111 24 33 33 

" 2d " «... 186 67 186 66 186 177 183 77 67 67 

Merchantville 244 79 235 94 234 244 244 85 84 96 

Pensauken, 1st Prec 316 90 303 104 314 314 316 91 91 91 

" 2d " 178 64 175 69 178 180 180 63 64 64 

Voorhees Township 147 72 131 88 148 147 147 73 71 72 

Waterford " 223 146 222 148 222 220 223 144 146 147 

Win- low " 257 137 232 155 257 257 258 135 135 136 



2627 1003 2535 1098 259U 2590 2613 101,0 1011 102U 
Total Vote in county „16148 7281 157?6 7668 16065 16032 16098 7389 7330 7321 
Plurality in county 8867 8088 

Prohibition, 853 ; Soc.-Dem., 215 ; Soc.-Lab , 48 ; People's, 43. 



376 ELECTION RETL'KNS. 



Cape May County. 

— Elec. — — Con. Sen. Assem.- 



Anglesea 31 19 33 18 35 16 37 14 

Avalon 22 9 18 11 19 11 22 8 

Cape May City 330 178 336 176 243 271 307 161 

Dennis, 1st Precinct 182 195 189 186 164 197 171 203 

2d " 110 97 105 101 72 110 119 86 

Holly beach 99 40 92 48 84 56 102 33 

Lower Township 226 91 227 90 198 123 199 76 

Middle Twp.. 1st Precinct 254 108 220 150 205 156 260 111 

" 2d " 151 124 140 130 116 151 154 114 

Ocean City, 1st Ward 152 27 156 30 104 60 177 13 

" 2d " 120 29 126 28 108 30 135 19 

Sea Isle City 62 59 49 69 58 60 75 47 

Upper Township 306 61 301 66 208 134 270 93 

Wildwood 48 26 48 26 54 20 51 21 

West Cape May 129 47 127 48 105 70 130 45 

South Cape May 19 19 18 1 19 



Total vote in county 2241 1110 2186 1177 1791 1466 2228 1044 

Plurality in county IISI 1009 325 118U 

Prohibition, 186 ; Social- Dem , 11 ; Social-Labor, 7 ; People's, 9. 



ELECTION .RETURNS. 377 

Cumberland County. 

— Elec. — — Con. Sen. Assem.- 



g- i gc^ :5a Jif^ oc^ -sQ ^a 

City of Bridgeton, 1st Ward 285 267 269 275 280 272 265 264 

1st Precinct, 2d " . 201 107 203 104 196 191 113 111 

2d " 2d " 222 135 219 135 221 219 135 135 

1st " 3d " 291 131 277 139 284 282 136 134 

2d •• 3d " 220 150 217 155 217 217 152 152 

1st " 4th " 276 107 237 1-^9 266 254 116 111 

2d " 4tb " 221 98 212 110 221 217 100 99 

5th " 214 111 194 125 215 215 109 109 

1930 1106 1828 11S2 1900 1867 1126 1113 
City of Millville— 

1st Precinct 1st Ward 282 127 267 140 238 276 123 125 

2d •' 1st " . 2.53 75 246 80 253 249 73 73 

2d " 370 93 348 106 355 361 92 97 

1st " 3d " 193 117 188 121 189 189 115 117 

2d " 3d " 152 113 139 128 153 147 112 114 

4th " 391 126 365 152 392 385 133 137 

16hU 651 1553 727 1630 1607 6/^8 663 

Borough of Vineland, 1st P/ec 266 174 259 175 265 267 172 174 

2d " 326 174 319 181 325 324 174 175 

592 SU8 578 356 590 591 SU6 3h9 

Landis Township, 1st Prec 113 88 111 90 113 113 88 88 

2d " 138 87 135 90 138 138 87 86 

3d " 141 154 141 156 143 143 151 155 

4th " 104 45 104 45 102 104 45 46 

U96 37U U91 381 U96 U98 371 375 

Deerfield Township, 1st Prec 97 199 86 212 98 97 200 200 

2d " 140 136 136 139 139 140 136 137 

Downs Township, 1st Prec 94 140 95 142 97 97 138 136 

2d " 99 52 99 55 97 98 53 53 

Commercial Township, 1st Prec... 257 111 253 114 234 251 114 114 

2d " ... 121 85 114 90 119 120 85 85 

Maurice River Twp., 1st Prec 114 24 105 31 114 114 24 24 

2d " 228 129 223 130 222 222 130 130 

Stow Creek Ill 108 107 110 111.110 109 109 

Hopewell 209 189 211 187 210 210 189 188 

Greenwich 207 93 206 92 206 205 93 93 

Fairfield 264 122 255 125 255 254 134 123 

Lawrence 177 169 162 175 177 175 168 169 

Total vote in county 6780 4036 6502 4248 6695 6656 4064 4063 

Plurality in county ~^7i4 225!+ 

Prohibition, 642 ; Soc.-Dem., 66 ; Soc -Labor, 14 ; People's, 23. 



378 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



*s3aiuiuin3 c^w-^eoiow^tti-iioeo '- 

"''Cl W^ 00 lOO'* CO CO © •^ 



I M "*" iC 

I -ceoeo 

I CO CO <M 



«<it-<IMO0i-i'*<^'»»« 

•ceoiMOTfitoMeo 



•5 OO^OOOOO-* 



VfOOOOCJOOi-H^^ 



'ipAUOHOg (M<MrrM«OeO'*r-iiOC>5 



OlMINOCOtOCOeO 



^J eo (N « •>»' •»< •» 



•d3\T <0.-l'*<(M(MfH(MM55© 



^^ IMOO • 

Oj e<5 <N — " 



iioeo-* ^^osoiwollO©<?5 ^» 

l«D«CO •500 — ecoo©^« I 00 



, ""'a. 05^05l«>-Hl00<IO©lft04e0(N©'*l 



C5 (M « 00 O i-H ^ 
<S(M(MCOIMW9<^ 



, "''a. OT^ojtOr-iOeotooio 
'aM.ojg <N<N-«<coioeO'«*<r-!iow 



Ol CO (N 00 -- ■ 
Oj CO <N O '*" < 

jo(Ncoeo<N( 



< C« lO i-l 05 «0 CO © |»*CO<Nl 



•da'g oj,j(Oiic!i-i«3<N«ooio 



-. -J CO Ot»< 50 CO ( 
<0 (N CO CO C^ CO CO c 



<o-- oiNooe^©*! 

60 0> »^ CO 00 © ^^ ^ 
C>(N(MeO(NCO^T»< 



c>Se3eo<Nco5<5 



. ^ r-c «0 CO 



■sjaBiqBJJBQ 



N CQ •<*( eO U3 CO ■ 



•dSM «Oi-;iO(M'#'-i-HC0(M© 

'jaiiauD'BCT c-'2<i"a'^ou5cO'^rHiceo 



»*co e« 00 <M ( 

CJs CO (M O "*< < 

to <N CO CO C<1 ( 

»<5 (M (M lO i-H < 

Ol CO (M O ■* < 
"to IM CC CO (M ! 



ICO 15 © 00 cs 00 1- 00 © 
100 eo OS — <M 00 © © •^ 

1 <N O CN <M CO C<I CO ^ ^ 






I 00 lO IM O 

101 — 



o 05 •* oa «o lO Oi <o en c<i "(I" 



«ooo^ to CO ^ 



'ja^lJBj 



«'N'>*<coioeOTt<r-rt<eo 



pOrt(N©CO«OCCCO 
JO(MeOCO(NCOeO!M 



•o (M t- eo I- 00 lO eo 
e^o — cjoooioco 
Cj!>Jc<ieoeic4Tr^ 



e* CO CO 00 CO ei ^- < 

»-l (M ^ ■«< 05 «D © < 



•«Dnqnd9a§;5?SSS2SgSgg 

MNioco»oeO'*<r-iioeo 



'-I CO (N o •v © £2 '^ I*** 



S: ; : ; 



— ig CO •V lO «0 l> — IM CO TT IC W C» 



&• ' 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



379 



♦uaiiniv ^ ^ 



0'*<^-os^^^5coool-l« 



•UiaQ o5 ■«*« lO ^ Tf< <c o 



00 1-1 « 

r-(«>«0 



Ol 05 ■»)<-- lO ^ O «0 W5 (M ■»♦< ij< O «D O O 1^ 
«0 —KN — I r-c (M —1 ^ ,-1 ,- 3^ rH r-l r-i rH |C> 



— i-( (N ri r-( rH , 



(N 1-1 ^ i-i 1-^ I O 



Ji O CO 00 00 >0 O lO I »H CO T*< ^ CO »o o» Ol |0 
SaCl'fl'i— i>0^<P<C |60(N"<filOO>tCOO lo 

^ i-iiO ^ O « eo 5<i "*! CO 05 CO .-I o I 00 



«5 00 CO Oi 00 lO O «* I O irt lO CO CO lO C 05 



•japajM 



I lO ^ (O O rH U >0 



I ■* CO lo ■*•<!*< — o 

: N 'ii lO OS CO rH ^ 



05Sl'»ftrtlO'S<0<0 ^(N^'^rOCOOO ICfi 
Co rH « l-l f^ <N r-l »-< rH i-l ©J rt r-« ^ rH |t:S 






•raarr -'^'lOcxMiftoioo-^cs lejcicot-r-cooco |S0i^'*'CT*«c<>oc5 le^ 

'"''(1 C5-*iOTjir»«COOi-iCOlO I p:: ^ -^ ri lO T tZ: (O ^S^->*<iC05CDOO I 00 

♦AjIPH '"' '■' r° r-,Oqr-.^CJ-|::lr^r^<N.-r-.i-^|S> 



lUJQ 01'*<lOTJ<-^COOr-C040 !QOOS«*<--iO-*iOCO ^?q-»<iC05000 I . 

'XaaOOJ^ ^ -I pO i-((Mr^^lMrHr^rt,-(Mr-,^r-r-|C=. 



'jSpiaBMZJBMqDg 



'qsjiSaa 



1 lO pj « »*< r-c lO TJH 35 CO e< 3^ -fl lO OS CO r- © 



'osOi— looii— 'osio 



•rTaxr CO 1^ OS O 1^ ' 

"a. O5'!t<00lOi-HloCacDO5^ 

'pjO'T <>**«'*«»OeO'*r-TJ<CO 

•davr r-i-jeo(NiOi-iiMcoo?o 
"*a o'j'os'o^iococooio 

jf pAog IN<Nrj<COlOCQT»l,-ilOcO 



■"■dio'Om'Ocfl'Oio'O .!£->. 

^ CN r-. CM ri CI i-i(M r-1 (M Q "" - 



I CO !M ■<*<-- N 00 CO 



,- ..(MOTt<CO(MCO 
S(NC0C0<MC0eO<N 



l>> - CO " T*- " lO > 



»5 05 OS 05 05 0^ — ' f-* I C5 



13 OJ OS OS OS r- 1-- . 

as 00 ^ 00 00 O^ • 

O <M e« (M ©1 CO ^ • 



nxi-a-e-B-e-s 

i-c Ofl CO •«*• >0 CO t- 

u 






o 
O 

>-. 

B 

o 
O 

en 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

*^ — OS OJ 05 r-l »ft 
?>. <H <M 1-1 rl ■* ^ 



. dan SSSS^l^Sot^ 
's3niaiuin[) ^ <n c^ <n oj <n <n 



«s r- CO »o » •^ 00 «o 



•dsM 'O ?C t- >C 00 IM o 

'SUJBIl|l^ IN (M >) (N (N (M IN 



•da-M 'O ■>! CO lO 00 (M o> 

^"o. oo :c so — CJ o t- 

'ipAMOqOg •^' CN IM <N >M (N (N 



•d3\r to T** so lO t- (M (N 

""^O. OO CO CO r- <M O 00 

[3JUDIUQ ^' CM (M (N (M (N (N 



•dSM CO ^ 00 lO 00 CO o 

ipiIUqDS C^ ?"M <M !N (N (N 



'UMOJa ^ <>"=^ *^ =*" <?^ <M 

•da-NT CO (M t- >0 00 (M o> 

^^a. 00 CO CO — I (N O t- 

'3MOW <N (N (N (N (M <N <M 



I I 



•dOM >0 M lO lO t- <M t- 

"^a Qococo^(Noco 

IM (N CM 05 (M CJ CQ 



SJUBiqKiJBQ 

■dan 
'jaipqOBg 



QO CC CO 1-" (M C 00 
>J 0-1 (N CM (N (N CM 



•ina/T •»*< ?J 1— I M lO CD O 
'"'^tl O 05 so 05 CM O O 

'jiaqiueq cj r-i cm i-i r-. ,-i i-h 



I CM r- r- •<*< ■»»< 



J^ CM CM .-( r- ^ ■ 



e^ (M CM r-. r- ■<*' ■«*< 



I •>*< o; -J c^ CM m 



f^ CM O^ ri r-l ■* -^ 



t^ CM CM r- ri '*! ■ 



<-< O CM .- CO CO ^ 
•Oi CO OQ lO CO CO « 



*^CM?J.-iCMrHr- ^» 



W*00 M CO oc I g 



J>CMCMi-CM^i— e< 



!5> t- CO CO CO >* 00 jc 

*^ CM (N r- CM 1-1 r- &J 



e^cocD05t-0'*< I 3: 



IXiCMlOOO-^Ot- I »> 



00 CC 30 t- P5 CD < 

eo t~ 00 o CD -^ c 

t^ CM C^J n- CM ^ 1 



davr 00 00 CO lO CO CO CM 
"■'a ocicco^tMOoo 

'jgvj^ T (M CM CM tN (M (N CM 



•uBojiqnda^ g g £ 12 S ^ g2 

CM CM CM Cfl N IN CM 



ifi o r- ifl CM r~ lo 

so C ip 0> <35 O lO 
e^ CM CM ri r^ -xf TT 



to ^ T»< « CM ifi ■ 



■^ I- O CO CO t- CO 
^* 'ti O lO CO lO CM 



t^ CM ei ,- rl Tf ^ 



<3i CO la 00 lo «c <D I <© 
»Cit^eoioeD'«ti'» to 

t^lN(Ni-l(Nr-irH g;; 



Q 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



381 



•maa 






i^oooJ^cor-o |f^05f— i-<s<t^Oi' 



■ ;0 CD 1-1 1-1 t- 05 I o 



■UI3Q I^oiSc^cgoo l-^^OiOCDiacO , .-, _ , 

'JSSOBUAV 'N-^'---'^^ >-j^„^05„^ ;^C>Jr^^CO(NN ;2 



o oc eo M r- o I <© 03 o »* ;c 



• iiia/T u3 ;_j -^ trj ;t^ r* 1^ 

'uajinj^ -- — 






'~ lO in 00 — ' <M ^ ' ~- 



•III3/-T «oc"ooe<3cct-o if^ooomcoosTf is^toai'Mi-i.-i'* i»> 

"LI 005<MC1<NOO l»*->*OiC5OiC00 MoiOiO00—"<NO5 ^ 



•ina/T 00O(Mc«5M00C0 |tN.a0OtDt-!D»0 ie*'*i^'Mt-(>q'^ iCi 

'"''Q oo>mo5(Moo l«<^rf<05iccDcrM «ciiO;caoO(Moi e^> 

'japal^ 5^r-.(NrHr-<r-.-l t^ — CN.-i(Nr-rH pM^^rHn-W(N(^l p:* 

•inarr o^ooMcct-o looooo^ticoosco iCicooc^oc^oo |°o 

"^'^U. S03(N05<NOO l^I-TtiOiO-OiOCO «OiO«D00i--(MOS 6* 



'^ip:h 



'illPa ^-^-rH^, 



'Aauoojv <>''-*'•-"-'>-' 



r-1 rH W r-< (N F^ Pi >-l (N r1 F- eO IM <?* I~* 



: i-( !M rH 1-1 ^ IN rl fH CO S<I(N 



jap[3BAizJBAiqDg 



T»<oocD |Oioo'-i'<*i»eoo: |Cst-oo<Moooo->*< |f^ 

1 .- _ 1 - lO lO 00 o -- ov ~ 

0^ f- r- CO(N(N ;^ 

I I I 

•rllo/--r O f-i 00 M CO t- 1-1 

IISI[2U3 ^ <-< Oi ^ ^ <-l r-i 



***H 00 as <iO — 0-1 O 00 

'PJCTT !N <M 5^ <M M C^ 2^ 



•rl-»-vT in CO O »0 00 -n-l 

"'a 00 CO <s ^ (N o 00 
•jf pAog ^« oj o4 *5 C5 ^ .N 



^»iooiooioeo «oiOinooi-i — o 1^ 



I 



f^ (M CN rH C^ r- r- I 
I I 



Q' ' 



,^j=^j3 ^^„jzjs.a 



; xiT) t: •::•:: t: ^^-u-a-s-s-s - -a -o t; -t: -i; 

i<NcO'9<incot> r-<NC0TPir3O ^•mx-*>o<o 



o 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



'sSuituuin^ 



5C c^ ^ M eo 






J... o ea t- 01 c>i •* 

°'a o lb — t- o> ■«• I 



'ipAiJoqos 



o r; 00 ^- :^ <M c 



'pjqDjmo 



'jpimqos 

'3AIOH 



o lo — t- c; • 



o lO « t- C2 2 M 

CO I-" OQ C^ 1-1 CO CO 



I CO IM rice CO 



r CO CN 1-1 CO CO 



Cj r: i~ o o 'M 00 

^ I^ C-1 CI 5M CO (N 



•5 o e^ o> N o eo 

O M t- O <0 04 00 
^ ?4 (N !N ©« 90 C^ 



j^ o ■» o M «; ^ 

S •.*< t- -H «> (M 00 

Ci <N oj CI eq eo (M 



V3 -^ -- C5 »J 00 -H 
C5 ce t^ O O CI 00 
S CI 'M CI CI CO CJ 



©:} t- -*< ca CI t- CI 



§s 



0> O '^ 0-, 3> 

— ic CO la r- 



CO la r- '-•^ 



«S * ^ lO Cl lO r- 



«; -^ ■* »0 C< ic . 



'-1 >»•■<«• »o ci 10 > 



•~i o CO OS o ta 
■n ^: t- o o o „ 
^5 :si c» CI 04 JO CI 



O O CI 2C CO — c 



-. s — 'r-x c; 

-- ic CO •*: r- 

lO o 10 r- 



I -o — oj C4 00 cq 
-) t^ o o ci 00 
- "-ICOtN 



, CJ C» CI CI CO ( 



■-■J 'J' ■<*' la CI lo I 



, CO t- O O Ofl < 



I ic » eo t- 00 OS 
I — r- 10 00 u3 r- 
■ <* •* 10 c» 10 r- 



C iC CI ^ o> 

'jaipqDBg «^ '- « *" ■-' 



t-OC0CJt--O |Oj'*r-l( 



000 I cot-Ococjr-o 

COeO I S CO t-CM O 04 00 

e<5eo ! Oi d c» <N c^ eo CI 



01 — ci'flieoiot- s 

i:S-.»<'*iOC4iOf-c *i 



•maa 



^5 



o rt 000 c; u3 



or, CO so Oi CO « lO 
CO CO CI d — 00 to 
Ui r- d V CO r- fl 



5S> "^OOOO »05lO! 



JnxT CO CO '-C — CO d O 

<^3H 0.0 — t- 03 M CO 

'aa>lJBj ^ r- M ^ -- « « 



)t--^00d00d |«OOiOCCOCOOO I £5 



d •.*•-£ C3 ac 1 



id'^-i'COi-O-^ |^OlSt-^»-0 |£J 



«3dO-*ddC5 ji-^tO — 



•uroiiqnds^ g g 

^ eOr-iCOdi-iCOCO 



2 d 00 00 I- "»" CI 

c> CI d la CO is 00 
to ■^ ^ 1.0 d ic F1 



^_^^j:m^. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 









O « 05 O •* C *I I v» 
95 t- 'M ^ CJ lO !S "--i 



I « u- CO O CO 

'naijnjM 3« <n <m - <n r^ -i | •-■; -h -, ^ « ^ , 



iScocJOeooc-i 1^ 
e^ t- r^i ■v cs »a 50 'j^ 






"'"'Q >cococ»ooc-. "C COM — =;■ 



. ■* S5 00 ■* O C-l I ?^ 

*0 ^^ t- IM ■^ 05 lO e >--3 



■* I e:i CO s>ia' 



11-1 r- '-C 



lujQ io«eoo505ouo coco — ri — oco 



'^IPX 



•marr ocoigoocieooo |us(MeO'*<eoow 



•TTT-j/-r ^^ — t** 00 00 ^ 00 I t^ CO 00 ^ CO ^^ CO 

lUSQ 1CHOCO0000C5U5 If^OO—KM — OOO 



65 r- CO ^ oi >a ^ i5 



> ■* Si O CO O N I »5 
; t- OJ ^ 05 >0 W I ift 



so t- iM TT ^ U-; « "-- 

>» ^ F- 1— Mo 



IC — 00C0OK05 ICJ-MUO'^JOIM^ ICiCOClt-COOC^ |-» 



'japjaBAiZJEMqos 



'qsiiSaa ^' ^ ^ . 



r- C^l'* M ^PH 



" a. oio — t-cicoc^ MScot-ooc^oo 

COr-ICOlMr-«CO CirJ0<l(MI^CO(N 



ot-co o^ I ^ 



*i t- CO -V «5 us O to 



; '»' -J 00 t- 00 Ci I f^ 



'pjoq 
•if 'pXog 



ds-'j SJ — ooM'MOrs liJitocooo^ir-n 
- - CO — CO sfl -- CO CO <:?» ?^ o< oj s^ CO cq 

I I 



coioo^r-ooo I-^ 
CO — C3 uO ro u3 00 ■<! 
■-^ ■* T*> .S 5^ lO ^ M^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



'sSaiuiuin3 ■*'•"*•* 



l>0 eo<N(N<M(N<M<Nei01 






loot-ootDUSr-eoi/? 
, (N<N(N(NC5(N«(N 



, <-> c^ n n -^ 0^ a CO 



tO'^ CO'^ CO I K5 o>i 



*day[ r^oor^oii— I . 



'laiqojUO 



■V-«l<T»<><tllO eo(N<MI>)(MIM<N<MIM 



■ 05 --0 lO O 05 CO • 



'-ir-KNCOMTfXNeOeO 



;§5S^ 






oicooocoe<;co<Mooo» 



TiOCOOO Oi CO 00 CO M CO <M OO 0» 



•dan ^^^rto^ 



oeoinwO'^oo 



Q^ a t-oot-eor-i aooot-oo«D»oi-ooio 



•visa SgSS^S I5??S§5JSSS5S 



•ja^aizj 



■•-li-l<MCOW«*<INeOM 



BOtOOOCOeOOIMOOOJ 



eotoaooocoocjooos 



»-ii-i(MeceO'*e«co« 



COt-'<*<<NiWlO«OOS 

CC I— CO i-H ^ fi 



00 — --OlCOOOS'-'(N 
IS^OOOOO—lO — t~05 
'~lr-><NCOeO'!*<INMeO 



JEJDOlUaQ 0500<MOO ^M(Me»!-<i<00u0Q0!O 
^r-.rH >Q rH rH IM (M (M n^ r- .-H 



OBOjiqndsH x> 



o>oor*<'*< |Oj-Jooir5<Mr-'«*"Mco 



W5 M r- « 1-1 rH 



»-<r-<NrccO'J<(Mmc<i 



,J3J3XJS-C 






ELECTION RETURNS. 



385 



•TTT3/-r 1- UQ 00 lO to 

™*a O O O Ol Ol 

'sn^oBa •-"-••-11-1 

'jsSOBn^ rH rH r^ 1-1 

'naiPIM ^ -^ -" ^ 
♦nuBqs ^ -^ '- " 



»H:airtooc<it-;coo 

ig_l_IMOfl(M,-ir-ii-l 



e;itOU3aoe4t~iOOA 



I (N <N i-l .-I rH 



»<5"-l^-l<N<N<Ni-lrHi-l 



^ w «N JO 5; of5 lo 00 CO 

»JSr-li-Hd(MC^i-lrHi-l 



e^u5»t<toi-its«oojo 
~^cocjeo^ooior-«o 

»<ii-li-|{MIM(N^rHi-l 



«tOt^MO0>»0'*100 
»Q Mt-I eOr-llH •-! 



•HOWiO^OOff»(MO> 
«ttOt-COOCflU5*QO 



e>»lOt»MOIMiO^00 

lO CO .-I CO rl 1-1 rt 



»* ^- 'fi ic to 00 ?q »*• o 150 

©* >0 t- CO O (M 10 T*< 05 I 2) 



t^ 05 ^ ^ 10 CO -^ « OS I •"< 
>~l lOt-« O <N to ^ 00 loo 



•rasa gSSSS 



50»0«0«0«»^C0050 



a 

•l-t 

o 

o 

I 

o 

o 



02 
03 
[x] 



t-Tf" t-irt lO 






'AanOOJ^ ,-( rH r-l rH 
•J3P13BMZXBAVHDS r-l r- r- r-l 



■davi o — ; '^ ^ «o 

"''a i> 00 1- eo rM 

pJCT ■* ••^ ■* 'J" "S 

•da-vT «D i« (M ■<*< so 

•jf 'pAog '*'*'*'* "o 



o<rieoooca«^>«*<oso 

«S rl r-l IN <N (N r-l I-I rl 



It-eOOO (MMOO 

■ eo 01 " -" 

ICOpH, 



I to I &« IS t- CO O (M >0 •«• 00 



00>OOO5C0001Ot#<' 



QOt-NSOlO©eO(MOS 
e-5iOt-CO©CO?3-VOO 



C^ C^ IN .-I r^ r- 

i I 

100 05 00 'J' N t- ■* O CO I 

t^ 00 r- 00 CO «o t- CO 10 I 
eo <N O^ (N IN N IN ^ <N 

r I 



«i CO 1-1 CO rt .-1 



oocciiooioiecoio 

e^CDOOOOCOCDINOOOl 
^i-H'NCOCO'^O-ICOCO 



NCOCO'^INWCO IS? 



.J2^ J= JS J= 



, J3 J3 J3,a J2 



^ ^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 






I — (M a> «£> < 

. !M CO ri C-l I 






,—.■.!< lo oi «e i« "* -i IS 






'jpiuiqos ' 






..SoJS^sis jpsisiisii jissis^s^s |g 

S§s|ii§iiiSiSS|iss8iiSii|i 



•ds^ 

'SMOH 



-- e- eo to •* to o —; i go 



, F-j «> tor- ^ «> tr o 1^ 






OlMeOt-tOQOlOOSC*' 






t- 1 f-'iSSriSSI 






(M M^ 









■.,o„<,„d»>i ||8£ss I psggiisis I pisisSsS I i 









■" "o -o -5 •£ •£ "5 ' 

,!5 IM fS ^ S « t- < 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



387 

l<MOO OJO 



•sni„,a """""- I w«-.«ri2ssS" I gsssaisSa | 



S,s§siSiS IpsiiSSSS" IpSlsifss 



■■^^Sm SiiiiS I iiSilisggs I psggiiii 






■"'S^ ii^ili I lisilSsSi- I ^i^i§?liss2 



■^4SH^^^^SiS|ii^i2iaSi^|piiilig2 



■ tnarr «o o o o ■* ( 

uitfQ (;0 O 00 00 0<l < 

Aaaooj^ .-I Tf M CO <M . 



J3p[3BMZJBAVlJ0S -' "* "^ " *^ • 



•mag ggg^S^ 
qsijSug "-I ^ <N CO (N i-t 



^.....ss^s-|SSi§iilsS|i 






pSiisSSSS|||Sg|g|g: 



%?„tSI»5Ss |iii§2ilgli IISiiHIls 






Q 




:S-£-5 


o 


rt <N «■«• >0«0 


z 








o 


"H 






O 


c4 






X 


^. 






H 


43' 


» 


I 5 S 


X 


c5 






W 


•a 








c«- 






















2 







Ixna ■£•£•£•£•£ -5 



: -3 T3 1: t: -a 13 1: 

I Ivl M ■«J< lO «J t^ 00 



3ff9 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



■d 

o 
D 

It 

>s 

HP 

SJ 

:3 
o 
O 

»< 



m 



,j-^ Di « r< SJ so 9J 



■dax S S = ^ S ? 



'IPAXHPS « r-. r* « « C* 

•dan §§^*2? 



'amorr soccmnssc* £-2 



?j K ?» s» ?; ^' *^ ?» 






T^a -S|x|||i| 



■d;-a 



— X X cc 



I 






Sill 

:: - > = 



o 
O 

I 

>i 
-p 

o 
O 

CD 
00 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

'Sn>lDEa — -i — CM r-i j Oi .rj 



I -" 

UUBqS "-I '-"-' <Ni-i Ciio 
I * 



389 



HJ'!A\ 



43P9;N -" ^ ^ '^ '^ I °^ g 

'xiip-a " ^ - ^ " I °^ s 

AaaOOJ^ rH rt r-l (M r-, 05 O 

J3ppE.v\ziB-viqos '-''-"-I (Mrt I cjo 



jf pAog ^eo<M<Nco<N li^oi 



Q 

"^ <M rt -^ lO to 

OS 

^. . 

X - - ' - - 
>o 

OS .... V. 
^ 

1^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



fl 

a 

o 

o 

I 



H 



'suiBiIUM "^ ■' "^ 
'pjqDino <" c^ "-I 



'jpiuiiiDS 



C5 •<*< OV tfj — ' Oi 

:o CO o 

to rc CI 



coscoaoM I C3-u3r-cDO-"' 



V3 S t- . ■} -^ Cl -- ^ IT. lO 

Cj - U3 r- CD O -" ?C O: '^ 



Oi O -* irt 00 ^ 
50 T*t^ CO O ^ 

to e<5 CO >«< (M 01 



to cc c^i T}i c^ <M 



r»(Nr-i ^<N<NCC< 



I <0 iC'-O 
_ _ ,i cc o> to 
I CO ffl CO !N (M CO 



•^ocot~too^coo>eo I *-! 



to^oocO'^ooOsiO'^"^ 
^»^^^H — cococoNcoco 



toeoiM-«<OQ CO ;^ 



«icot-iC'*oooicmir5 

«'50«Ot~<©CCi'^e005!0 
r*C0r-lr^C0C^COC0COO5 



•dan «S: 
'aAvojg 






•flavr to r-i N 
'SlIVBjqBXIBQ MCO'-' 



(M I Oj Ol CO «0 CD i/i 



00tOOO>C^0Oi-ilftiftCO 
«riOCDt-cDC0»*C005«D 
^lMi-irHCfli>JCOeO(NeO 



»*< CO o> «o »-( 



•dan 

'j3[MOJ[ 



•OIJB40OUI3Q SJ 



•UBDiiqnda^ «S2 

COIJIrH 



05 0S (M CO 00 "O 



to ■«»< — c* ©■^ 

to CO CO ■»>< 00 (M 



90 O CO lO 1-1 CO 

to CO CO Tfi S no 



►corir-icocieocoooeo 



to«ooo«oeooooio>ncD 
•jocor-cocD^cooscD 
>*cOi-i-^cocoeoeococo 



§«Dt-U5'^00'-'iniOU5 
Ocot-cocD«*<eoo5cD 
0«r-l^00e0COCl(N<N 



I ea o> CO CO ac CO ^ 
1 1- 00 lO «c eo OS CO 



I C^l CO 30 CO (N 



g 1-1 03 1- eo CO 
tocoeo-^cO(M 



OjCOOlC^OJCOlO^S*" 
•3cOr-li-lCOCOCO(M<NCO 



•?, , 



1=:: 



S5 • 

o 

Jg 

QQ 



Q 



:= 


■ c 


:2 s 






"^i- 


2" 
"a 


.S§ 


J| 


U 


Ofe 


04: 



J3 

D 

I 

o 
D 

o 

OQ 



ELECTION KETURNS. 391 

' I I 



-.S^Si"|l-l§|g 






2j O r|^ t^ SS 10 ;0 CO 05 IM iS 



•nnBus 












'Xiija^ S M * 



•msrr os 00 im 



•mad goog, 
JapiaBAvzjBMqog ^ « 

•da^ OT S 2 

'PJO^ M <N rH 

•do'^ « -^ <N 



|Sgg§8g||S2?2g2S??^S|5,' 



!^ I S 2 oi^J <M m Tj. 00 « la 



l""2-i|||2---*^s§|| 






i-«2-l|ls5---sss^ 



P-S-2lssS-sss??S5§ 



pi O C*^ lr^ t~ u^ 






-J}' ^ o la eo :o -- ic ici <c i i» 



Q' ' 



Q- 



1- = = .- 



5G 

6- 



;-3 : (nTJ-a 



■5 s 

™ — b _ > 

U Ufa Oi 



392 ELECTION RETURNS. 

•dan '^?i\r'i'B?.^^^^i^. ^-^ 
'sSuimuinD ^' « '-o co m « ^i oi co w 



•d^H 55^ I 



*-< W (35 M ^ <M ^ 00 



bit- 



♦jpAVJBqS '=■' "^ I ^ CO c^ w <N csi cc CI I ci 



'pjqDiuO 



r 



1 « eC CO (M CI CC !N 



•,*3VT >n<o I'-HccOJcOTjieqi-ioo lo' 



n fc t~ <& tc ■* oi ■^ 

cc^Oi-'oosjpoo 
cciricooc^s^fiM 



oeoo — teoc. 00 lc> 

« -<♦< lO CO ?i cc c-i ec I » - 



Oe5^r-<00005 

eo-ru;coc^fco<iK 



>OQ 05 ?^ 



eoi"C«iMco^r; |t- 



« ^ "C CO 'N JO ( 



'3A^0H '^'^ |«ocoeoeo(N(Mco<N o 



o «o <M CO eo t- CO I 



I r- 



•d3>j 

•i3IP4DBa 



O lO O •<*< Tt" (N I 
• CO CO eo (N <N CO < 



<M CO Mo CO CO CO ©1 C^ CO <N 



'uarj^ rH 1-1 I 90 f-iTH < 



•ds-a JS12 



•di;bjdoui3q sSc 



P O t^ CO CO CO »-< ■» 

©1 <i' lO o T»< i»< c^ o 

<O?J05C0C0!NK!N 



(NCO |<OCOCOCO(N<NCOOI 
I 



.si 



otT'cocoeot-proo cj 
oeotM^ooooo so 
ec'O'ioeoiNeoiNco 



I •*< CO <M <M CO !N < 



Oi o «o -^ ^ c; CO < 

O « CO — CO o c < 
C.? -* i« CO <N CO (N ! 



00 .*OCO<MlCCS(NaO§J 

50 r« Ti JO (M IN M <N ■:! fl 



CO'^iCCOlMCONCO 



1 

: 

: e. 


' 1 


Cv 








Is 


: 
i 

1 

: 
i 



w "2, 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

I i 

I I 

>-l '--'0>|9'>t<Oi-lt»T^^<o|OB 



< CO (M <M CO C^ (N %-» 






■^ O ^ (N IC ^ I 

— I -^ CO (N N CO ( 



'uasqg 






■-IWCC<N(MJ0IM1N I 



>-'-WCO!N(MCO(MC>J 



I 






>»< c « (M o Jc S S I a? 

r- 'fl ot O) (M CO IM 01 I ©< 



I 2 «0 ?; (£1 C Tt< I 
^ ^1 lO CO 00 00 I 

eo (N oCi r= " " ' 



I CO IN (M 1 e<f 



! I<I IM CO (N N s5 



I I 



CO o r; (M L. 
" rr CO jq <M ; 



; O tK :.■; ^ ^ ,0 



i ' I 

I ' ' ' 

•d3>i '£«5 |rt;eooocoT*<oqr-ia, |o>ic 

I I r 

I r 



-^ 2.' '^ - "M <0 «0 CO I ^^ 
•^ g -T- CN 10 JC !M -TO I ^-f 

^■^coiQNeoiMig IS-} 



r- -.ii CO ?q (M CO O^ (M IS* 



C5 ^*i ^- — fCt o o < 
iM ■* 10 CO S 5t S ; 






1-1 IM i-i CO rH , 



•a «^ 



wS 



;3s 



^ o 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•43 

§ 
o 

I 

4J 

§ 
o 
O 



P^ 






•d3H SSS 
'suiBJiilyV^ e* eo c4 

'ipittJBqs "^ « =^ 

'laiqomo <n co c^ 

'jpjtaqos "^ « =^ 

'uMOja <=^ " "^ 

'9ALO J} <M CO <N 
<<Ta-vr T-i C^ 0> 

's^DBjqBjjrf) « « ©^ 

•da-vT *5 "* 35 

"'a »o ec CJ 

'jsipqDBa '^ ** "^ 



SOCO C3 CO<N 



»<S (M rH N i-H 



■t- eo I "Q 5<I O OS p 
I C5 CO «0 >»< OS 00 O 
I !M C-l «Q M i-( C5 i-H 



i-H 01 o to-^ooooo 

00 OJ (N >Q (N f-H 01 ■-< 



«<S(Mr- N,-< 



>-< O CD 
COO? (N 

I 

rH ci CO 
00 iM r-1 



•iOJ 000 

CO ^ 05 000 
>0 <N p- C^ rH 



•yiiS I ^SSSS 



too I I??*?© 

I 
to<o f 






00 ■* r^ 

(N lO 0^ 



«ot*< 00 00 o 

«0(Hi-<N,-l 






osoosooeo 

gj t-OOOt- 
eS rl (N ^ 






00 01^ 



to •* ,-1 OJ o 

«C<Ni-((Mi-i 






rt » 






dec 



»H M ft 

9* t- 00 



5SS 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



395 






•marr oo ^ » 
jsaacn^ (m r-i .- 



'a»IinW 



itjr-O |r^--ooo5M 



«5oo-J ojooooco« 

ja 05 CO gJt-OOit> 
W5 rl (M i-i 



- '—• ^^ I vj -ju <<*/ 

^ xi ""^^ ! P «'> w 



00 -J la 00 M 
era 5^552'" 






o 
O 

I 

§ 



H 



'Xlp^ *''~'^ "Q^r^ ©^rHNrn'^ 



va. ^J'^OC^ I005CO lejt-OoO 

, . vj. 2Ju5(Ml<S)05cole'it~ooot- 



JappBAVZJBMqDg <>> "H r-c 

"uiarr Oieoto 



'pjoi 



•Jf 'pAog <^ M ^^ 



S232 I E5 oo(Mi-to 



^lO t- I (5;j _i _ o 

r-< 05 «c Mto •w- (35 a> 

00(N<M '0(Mr-l(N 



00(N(M 'CiS^lrnSrH 



i 



Q- = 






bnO S 



1 1 1 s 



c E 



5C»^ 



:Iq:3> 



-9 c 



> <= y y s 



396 ET>FX'TTON RETT^RNS. 



Gloucester County. 

Elhc. Cong. Assem. 



Clayton .316 150 24 280 173 2.5 3U 153 

Deptford 310 143 7 298 146 7 311 140 

East Greenwich 183 117 14 168 124 15 183 IIG 

Elk 136 103 13 1.34 103 14 136 103 

Franklin 212 231 26 205 243 24 213 231 

Glassboro, 1st Dist 181 114 29 165 124 30 179 114 

2d " 143 97 15 128 109 13 141 98 

Greenwich 312 232 25 314 228 23 309 232 

Harrison 256 140 31 243 147 32 255 142 

Logan 151 213 15 135 223 14 151 214 

Mantua 230 248 35 219 257 .34 228 249 

Monroe 366 208 13 331 228 14 .388 184 

South Harrison 108 52 10 164 51 10 108 51 

Washington 154 158 11 150 159 12 154 1.58 

West Deptford 239 136 25 222 147 21 239 1.37 

Wenonah... 87 21 10 78 25 12 87 20 

Woodbury, 1st Ward 161 62 7 144 73 6 161 62 

2d " 321 102 5 302 112 5 321 101 

3d " 224 115 12 205 130 12 226 113 

706 279 2U 651 315 23 708 276 

Woolwich 382 187 15 374 191 15 381 190 

Total vote in county 4472 2829 342 4199 2993 338 4482 2808 

Plurality in county 16h3 1206 167U 






'IIOA 



"''a <3JO5i-iO500^lOCO 

rl N r^ tH 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



397 



'xou;>I 



•da -ST Cirot-«»M-*aoco 



= C3C3--lO( , _- - ---. _ _ 

_ C5 C5 ^ OO CO — U3 CO I Co lO US 05 Ti« 1-1 «0 IM CO t- 



QOTTiaOiT^^tOIMiOt^ 



Ul 1^ rt —I (M rH ^ IM . 



I ts.i-Ci-cr-i(Mr-it-ilMi-ii— 



i'*io«'«<i-i»oiMeoj 



■-*mO>if<MC5000COCi 



> (M r^ -M r>q O -T- ^ 

> •* (>q rs 00 o r? C5 

I _ <>J r^ „ Oq ^ ^ 



""'a C30O-. ^O000'-^«OCO' 



■^ lO C» Ttl rH to (N CO r- I -* CO O •'^ (M C5 CO O CO C5 



' Oi CO CD 00 00 



> CO CO 00 CO (M O O 



•^^H c5C5r-oooo--iceo |obt^to65iOr-iir:co«oo 

'jadjEH '"' (M-HrHOjr-lrH r? 






OOCT>i— iaOOO>-llO<M I'O'J'lCOS'^r-ilCIMCOI^ 



I to C5 I> CC lO 



lO C<1 M O ut <M I ^ 

iM OS 00 05 ?7 05 — 



'qiadspnti 'MS^'-iWfomNC-i |:^coi-ico(Ni-hco<-icoco 



I 'ub3bj[ 



i-lr-li-H(MN^(Mrt(M 



|s 



^ I 



'"''Q C0l005-^000— 00 }^^J5r-(MTi«3r}<^l/2 

'UOUiaaQDj^ iqc^ipHcococoeq'M ^coi-ico?oi-ijo>-icoco 



daxr (M 00 30 CO 00 (M «!»< o I '-n t~ ^ » r- O to ^ ac ( 
"''a ocjCMOoocot^f to-XJOoeoioiNeoeot-: 



'S-'!COCOlflOO??r*<COOOO 
'-iOS(MiO00i0--O — IM 
'0!N(M5qi-i.-i(Ni-((NIM 



US-Jt-N eOlO ^ CM O CO I ?-. 



. _- JO t. 

HO--«OT(<CTlO»<MlOO 

I <N i-H i-< (M ^ IN 



C5 00 00 OJ >- © -^ .^ |»~<t- 



- CO TTl lO O T*< — ' (M 

COOCOt^O'^IMOOCOCO 






t^r-d-Hr-NOJi-HCJi-lr-l 'm 



C-l CO IT u-i « t- 00 



. -a -a -£ ■£ -5 •£ ■£ -5 

'C<ieO'^ic«Ct-ooc: 



J"^1COt3<iCOI-ODC5 



308 



ELECTION RETT'RXS. 



'siaiiOA 



I 



•IIia/T -*< lO lO « O M 050> I Co r- t-lO lO (35 O ^ 00 — 

'jutJuua.L '^'=^=''^=^■«=^=^ g * ?5 cn rf. « r- c.5 ^ cc ^ 



III3/T OCOMiMO-^OJOO I '^3t--*'?^05OO00t- 

^^Q •«<«©OC<535'MIM05 l?>.iO!N — -*i'»J<O0u'iiOcn 

— !>} oi cci c^ n o^ ot ' — ■ ' " 



1P'»II!IS 
uiaa 



noi^ni-icc^mn 



-*i «o O CO O ■M (M o> I ?^ ■<»• OJ — ■»* -w" oo o in oo 

•a^i-vT (N(M cJeocc coojc^ " " 



•TII3/T ^loooiooocxn 

'SVjBm iN<NiMeO00CO»4(M 



I (M O 03 S5 Ift 






^JM1Mt1<C0i-1«i— I 



U5'M-'0005000lftiO 






~»Or:«OiA'Moo??90 

' - W (M ->» M -< O^J — CM O'l 



f ~ = ?• -J o u': -M ei eo rt 

f- CO C^ C-) H r- Cl F-> (M C^ 



?» o «c t~ 3 ic ■M oo ^; CO 

t^ M CI Cv» C<I r^ C-J i^ 3^ 01 



"5 >o -^ M C-. i-o -i s; ■^ ' 

'o o r: r- ^ irt C'J «> CO ( 

f-.30o4*1*Jr-i(Ni-IC^< 



■s^o-oo^iOMooeocc 



^^eoe^lN<Nr-lc^l-l(N(^^ 



™^a •^<ooccoj(McJo> If^-j'Oi — •«<'j<ooicino 

'aOITV j2^5^''COCOCO<N<M j"51C0iM'*<«r-<e0>--C0eC 



I 'oOcoosioo^aococo 



'aruuaQ 



o?o'C'*'OiMoao I 

■^«>OCOC5<Me005| ,- . - - --. 

(NNIMCOCOCOIMIM j'frJCOfM'^eOi-HeOi-lcO' 



OiMM^Or>0!«3 I 00>--3 5JtO*OIMOO«( 



o -' >n lo ^ 



I ^9-f~ 1/5 ■ _ _ _ - 

I coOcot-— •'"-foajpsco 



'X|[OnUO"l S^t^lS^t^COCOIMOl 'SjCON^CO'-'COi-lCOM 



o i« la « o e<i I !- 



I -iTOcOt-r-lOC^OCMPS 
?^CO!MC1(Ni-HC^i-IO^N 



^^Q (MO-eoc5(MCOc: I ^^■*(^^--•^'*<oolOlO = 

'JIDOJCT CO3^e-]COC0CO(M<M ^>?5!M'»tieOi-lCOi-ICO'* 



'"^Q ■^J'OOeOOXMWO J^TSMi—'T^QOiOiOC: 



f^coeic^iMi-iiMp-oji 



f^OCOOr^iONOOCOCO 



t^CO(N!N<Nr^(Ml-llMl 



•fTflXT 3> -J 00 00 M N 00 ■ 



•fiaXT 00--0OO5CO>O00t- 



•fTaxr OiiMt^OCOi-ioOiC 



^^T. -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 



e!:iONOt-it-.-iiot-3o 



O5a)NC<i05t~i'imr-t- 

C»J>-t (N 



'Qt-(MeC'-»e3iot-t- 



I t~l O 00 ■* to W <N •* 00 <M IN. 



S*Ot-lO'«*<'*rtOOOO!N 
«Jt^O'«*<<>301QCCi0Q05 



1) ; ; 



. "O -a t: •=•=•= t: ~ 



^- : : : : : - 



!'COO'»*'C<ic;ooc;soc5 



, xja^jsjsj? 



1^ 



^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



© 

o 

o 
I 
>> 

o 

o 

o 



II°A ^'^ *"^'s^ 
'dsyi « go iM 00 1— t^ 

a f^ O ^^ t^ lO fli 
*XOa^ <M !N M (N (N 



•d3>£ 



0» O IM O tJ* O 
— 1^ ^- iO Oi lO Oi 

'jojAbx «^ c^ s^ in <>> 



^-^MOSiOO'-'— 'N 



I* t- Old O— » ; 



■davr « go ■* lo -*< h- 
'Xjojg ** «^ <^ =^ <^ 

■da>T 00 o M so Tj< cs 

a. '- o ■<*i 00 lO ca 

'pBB^ e« (M (N (M « '^ 

•d3M M^SS*::?:: 
'jadjBjj s^ ?5 N iq (N 



I050'— >M — 00t>< I«3 
I —" C5 t- O :£ ?J I Co 



gJCJO'T^UI-i*'— -rf< I lis 

«2 — — c:r-Ot^;^ Ci 



O S! S (MOO lO — ' ^ Id 
00 r-i r-> — (M « N r-l ft^ 



M O O >0 I f^ 






• i-KM M Oq i-H 









*ire3B J iM N 0^ M Jo i^ 

vJ. 2 CO O >0 I— < CO 
'iJOmJaQDJ^ M 0» <M S« CO <M 

^H°TA\. a^A ^ *"^ « «^ "-• 
•DnBiDomaaSgejgjge^M 



•OBonqnda^ *§5S2§§ 



«o®oepJC5eoiooo^ 



■JJr-lr-li-l 1-1 



;::J :« 2 £2 £? i? 2 r; M 



QOOt^^t^OOOOO 
^t^OiCOJOMfoCO 



2^;4^'c«eiS« 



rj ej <r> o ;9 lo M r- 
»Higc5t-r_eooc» 



J^55o;coifflcoi>io 



^35 — t-accoooco 



ci X oe ic I fs. 



^-ra-aSSS -TSTJ ■£■£■£•£ -a 
^ s<i so Ti< lo » ^ ?i eo T»< lo » t- 00 

^=c = :: ^r : = = = .. ^. . 



s 



400 



•swiPA 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

<o--M05t-o I >o •* 00 Tf to - 

<N lO <M t-" I - - - .. -- - 

eO<N!N (N( 



'jnBuuax ' 



'ip^ims 



> r-l -- O t- CO 



•rtr-k^T tC t^l ^- ^3 r^ CM 

ai'*Q iM "c (M t- ■* Tj< 

<33,XT eC(NlN<NCO(N 



•T»T'\*T UU ■'7' '^ r* CTJ U-^ 

"ISQ (M lO (M 00 •* •* 



•.iT->/-r IC W "-I SO lO IM 

UI3Q oi lO (M 00 ■<ti ^ 

'naiiBj " ^^ »^ "^ « "^ 






•niaci S S § i 
'Xipunoo M <=^ s^ ' 






■UI3Q 

'Jiaqqv 



0<N C50.-I — 
« lO r- 00 'J* Tj< 
M IM <M (N CO 00 



:'*00«O'*<Ci00-*' 
lt-C5-*<!Nr-C<D'OC0 
i^r-r-i-lOOC-KNi-- 



o '*< » ic ■* C'l — I 

^» lO O t- 00 f Oi ■ 

>o> ?; c5 »- CO c-i M 1 



'o -i< C lO to 30 r^ < 
^ ic ^- r~ 00 ^»« 05 ! 

«i CO (M r-i !N CO 00 t 



CO «D tC 00 — ' -- 

__ _--*i!Mt-e<;toeo 

tOr-r-lPHi-lCO'MOOi— 



tot-c-. -*i!Mt-e<;toeo ^icot^ 



C; »*< oo •♦< Ci -^ -- I 

— iC O t^ t- -V Ci ( 

OJ 0-1 P- CO 00 00 1 



to^^rtp-lNCOOO. 



009000tD5CCOC!(M'-< 

i^t-cs'^cot-cotrco 

tOrli-li-r-Oa(M<N — 



, ,-1 rH i-H rH (M CO 00 I 



R»t-00fttOtOC5C0C0 



)t~CT>r*iOOt-COOCO 

;^r-ir-(^coeoco — 



i< 00 to eo 00 M r- 



■O O^ 0» F- 00 00 ( 



CO 00 CO 1^ 



t-Oi'"*! o^it-rctoco 



C« 00 i-H 00 IN 00 ^ 



'S'<*«tSC»00Q0»OtO 

fooot^t-eoooto 
'5'>»cor-(Neoeoi-i 



I OSO>-i t- 
•b- ■«< Oi to 



1-1 «+i O 'J" O O O CO 
--»lO^t-00'*<O5tO 
>OOOC«rlOoeO(Ni-i 



Q0lO00O5lOt-00-*< 
BilCOttt^COt-tO 
■--1 CO CI rl CO N (N — 



O!roocitc'<*<e5--co 

>- r-^ (— ^ •4< ro t^ O^ tC CO 
CO CO 00 i-H 



^^^>C3•^co^-o?t^oo \^^ot~oo-^ai'£> 



Ci rj< 00 CO la CJ c 

--5 lO O t- X •^ C: _ 
iC^C^i-iOOCOCOp- 



■d3H 

•a»3oa 



CKMCOOOCO 



'21930" 0*'^<»<>^^ 



'^^^ !r! S ■* go u5 o 



iTfOO lO ( 
INC<IO0 



> 00 "* tC O to i-i CO 
• O Tfi OO t- CO to CO 
, ^ rl rl CO CM d ^ 



7S^^S-iZ:i^' 



5:^? 



I C2 to 



tSCSOlr-llOiOCO'* 
OOrHi-lrHCOCOOOr-l 



I l-l 00 « ©^ i-l 



00 C5 ffi,— lO-^P^TJ* 

e^i— Oest-ct^eo 

<3oi-ii-(,-iooeo(Nf-i 



^OOCCriOtO ^ 00 «■* >o tDl>OC 



JSXj= 



^ ^, 



^: : : : ; 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



401 



•flaxi 00 -*•«:■ C5 ^ rtt 



■dan ?^;SS3«^'* 
•lIOA ^^ 



?Sc5 



■d3\r 05 ^ h- oi lO t^ 



c<i iM ec 0<J (M 



) >C t^ d •«** 00 






>Oe»3«D0000M0OC»Q0O5c» 

oo'-T»<t-oooo«oeot-c>ios 

S:>MCO(M<N<NCO(MCO(N 



■SOMCCKNCMlNCOCNCOINi 



i~)00«DlO(M^M«D»MO 

Oi — io«eo5oor^eot— COO 

eTl«CCIM(MC^CC(NCO(Mi-. 



0DeO<McOCO'**^i-l 



t^i-imoot-ae>-iio 
-*--oor>'Tf<<Neo*- 
ooeo<M«ieo'*Ni-c 



<©^o;DOoao>aio 



M 00 00 OJ t- ^ TJ< 
-J 00 ■* ^ 00 M t- 
M <M CO CO Tj< (M r-c 



o 

I 

O 

O 

i 



.rtl J^JiSJ^STiC^ IS9-T"Cooo6oot-coooco 



IM I «S CO lO en '-^ to t^ ■ 



a t^(N(Mco»— 'r^ l<?i— *icoooioot^coaotf«(n 



"dsM 25 ■* t~ 05 CO t- 
•jadjBH I?' N CO <M (N 



SMajpuy 



(MCa «IM(>J 



uiarr o in «o o s<i in 

luaQ >-- ,-1 <c CO ■* CO 

' qiadspnfj "-i im i-km <n eq 



ooiacOTt<-JTf<-rf050ico^ 
gO'-inoooiooi— eot— coo 
«2WCO<N(NIMeO(MeO(NS 



>Hi-lt-(NOOOS<MIO<OeO-- 



CO^ejlOCgt-rJi^OOTjieo 

1^ S S S 2 S o3 ^ § S '^ 



'gO00'^ia«N(MtP 
23CO(MCOCO^Nl-< 



CSOOfMOOi^lOlO 

•ooooicveoeot- 
£0 CO (N eo CO ■* (N ^- 



I <35 t— (M CO 05 ■ 
I (M IM CO CO CO C^ T 



«S r-l rl M rl <M 1 






'}louiJaQoj\[ 



|2'MC0(M<N<MMC<ICO( 



^CONC-JCCiCS^T-iOSOSiO 



'daN SSJSS;^^ |»:5'acooooocft-*-co-it--M 



CO (M (M S^ ^5 (N < 



•DjjBaDoinaa S|S||| I ||^|S|SgS5§ 



*5^-05<c^-^-eOl-l 

Oi -M CT> lO ifS ■* ■^ o 
00 COIN eOtO-<S<(M(M 



eo .- ,- (M rt <M th i-i e* 



•UBonqnda^ S 



I 



' 05 t--^ 05 05 I o 



■^05 05 
_ C5 •>*< in IC Tf< t-- 

Jl « ?1 CO CO T)< CJ .-I 






I j: j2 j3 ^ ^ J2 j= 



-o 



^- 



^, 



402 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



'SI3l[0A 



p- ^ ^ C) C> <M 






I ri ^ C-l C^ C^ 



■Tii3iT r^ r~ ^^ r* 03 "J 



'ip^iins 



r- F-l rl C^) (M IM 



r- r- p- (N <N (N 



'TII3/T t^ t^ ^ 00 C5 t^ 

'S>tiBJ^ ^ .-1 .-I O, 'vj (N 



Oi C t- CI «C ifi 05 C; T1 J- 

«< .-I I-H i— ^ t-l 01 



Rj W (N CO r^ to er: ^ O C". « 



ro ■«'•*■* 00 t~ •»»' <N o a> '-0 



&^O«0O«0lOS«0i 



Co I' <£ ^5 C "- iC 00 
.^ t>- 00 O — "O — 1.1 



»-ltDC100^ffllOO 
lO'-'C^««-ICJt-l<N 



lO t- M ^ 00 C-. I 
^3- t- 00 o> ^ •* • 
-* ^ r-l CJ f-H <N 1 



o> ^ •* •-' "C 



e-!woeo>a;oc^ioa»t£eo i 'oesoot-e<»oc--oo 
-^ e<s (N ec t- <c f ci ci ci '-c I lo t- oo oj w >o ?» "o 



'zinq 



r- rH rH <N e< <N 



'aoip j i-"-i ri cj (N (N 

'UIUnaQ '-I r- ri (M (M <N 

X[|ouao3 -r-rH<No^(N 



Qr)C>50(N-HiOO00'*<iO 
e^i—r-li-ii-li-IC^rHIM 



ers « <M CO t- tt> ■«< i-H o 05 «o I ^? t~ oo OJ ^ "O ^ «o g 



JOOlCuMM'^fOOOO^OI 

eoeo(Ne(St-;ocoi-iOO>< 
e^i-(r-ii-ii-ii-^c»i-ie« 



>C)O00iOe>5-^IM^i-'i 
«OC0(Nei5t-«D'*©»O( 
ejr-lrtr1,-l.-l(Ni-(<N 



1-1 »-< 



i>fe:»-;«e I S 






Jioojg 



r- r- r- !N<N(N 



1 ,- ,-l(N l-H O 



*s(M«£>(NO«5c»e5 |g 



-;*CM lo cot- 00 tor; 

est- 00 0>^-<*<i-"0 
•<Ir-ii-iO»T-l<Ni-l'-' 



Iti t~ o t- 1^ ts t- oc 

•Ct-OOO^Or-lC 



^■^Q -jt-iO'Oio^ ~?cccMeo?-cDeo<N0055£> toi^oocr-e^»o 



•553qqV 



■ O) 1?^ (M e 



C^ CO t- CD CO <N O ( 

I— 1 ri I— ' I-" e* r-1 01 



;*f-r-Cll-l*J"-"- 55 



•ds-vr 00 ■* t- 05 ■* c; 
'sqaj-Ji CJ i^ rt <M cN 



t^ IM <M to • 

'laaSog c-i o» eo (n c^ 



•dSM t- 't" t^ c. IC ul 
'SJliBJ^ (N (M CO (M CS 



»HtO(Mc-it-c<iocoeoi-i^ 
ci — i080oooor-^<t»eoo 
»:>foco!NS'i(Mcoe<ieoo^r-i 



&>lOC0(N(M'*--O00«^ 

ci--ioooooor^^r»coo 

^«eO(N<M(NCO<Nr5!NFH 



°S CO CO e<5 eo 'i* < 



f^ t-ec (M o ^ t-t-" 00 OS o I i-i •-■ eo eo OS to 00 >a 
00 — looociooto'^t-ejo -» — oo^Ti>(NC«t- 
•^^cococ^oidcoeJcoc^i-i 9oeO(Meoe<5'«»'«r-i 



CO •^ iC to 



"e-ip-TT'Ctot^oooo 



' 0-1 CO ^ "O » ' 



^_ - . 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



403 



. , " — — 3c a: t^ ;^ .'- .^ 



'|[0 












,i. - , <S t^ lO — 03 ( 



•xou;jI 






to 00 ■M I <^ I 









'^iSilsipillsiSSIII 



..?,sSS2s.-S2|S |S||£|S|g2 



I 

6 

G 
O 






•da^ 
'SAvajpuy — =^ 






^Sn^r^^H^^''' |g?<»"*!0(NiO — ©en,-, 



C; O 12 (M •>) C5 _ I l~ < 



•,„*p°„ -SiSsSgSS I gsiiSiilss I IHSilSSSI I S-IS 



:S?.,S§lSsSSgS ipisiiiigiiisiiiggss III 



■..o.,'S2?„»iSSSiii£ |||gg3||g5g iggggsssss 






3 aBonqnda^^Sogjjjooci^ I ~^ «^.oN-c=^^-^, 






".s;2|^|g|| z,y^^^^^^^^ 



,j= j:j=j=j3 



^ =^ Mtt u: t: 



5s : 



HA, 



404 



ELECTION RETURNS. 






in (M CO ■<*< CO 00 '>; 



oo^o^^5^K^gg|2g||5||S 



■o 00 cj « t- ;^ o 2 r 



>-(«<NOJC-l(Ni-i<M(N 



in CD < 



•UI3Q o CJ T-( CD CO 



.^t-r-cDCDt-oit^'ft |*'7;!2!GJ£;^Si 



'"^Q 0>— 'rH'OCDCDTj*— 'IM 



'3DIH ^ "^ -^ ^ ^ "^ ^ ^ "^ 






I I ~ 



UI3Q ©IMi-ilOCDCD"<«<-<C2 



I i-H <N (N (N i-i 



.•»*<T(ia>cDo»Tj<t-ioo 

OOCNIMt-COlOCCr-Oi 
i-ieO<N!M01<Nr-i(NC^ 



1-J OO (M <M t~ CO i ~ 

co-Heoc<<N(N 






■uoiiBj 



(Mt-CD0OCO(NO50O£0 



coOcDoo>neooot-< 



OQCDt^OCDOOCDOOCOlO 

SootNCOr-comooj-oj 

COr-ICOlM0<«IM(Nrl(N(N 



■uiaa SSSSo^D^i^oi 



'X[|Ouuo3 



S(Noocaoaot>oote 



g S f-3 « N (M <N rl r-" t:3 

<* 00 in tfi ^ I-* 05 ?5 "1! I S^ !^ 
SrMOO£JOoor-««0 e^M 



I CD CO 00 CO <3> 00 t- 55 I T:J 



•iiTr>/-r eocDCOooeoojoot-^j; 
m^CI ©i-ii-iincDin»*<i-iiM 

'jlOOia T-X^THr-lr-ilNCNlNrH 



•maa §22SS«^ 



lt5(MOO(NOt-r-OOCD 



!?o?Ttr£i»^ l?^SJS§SSS3S 



oooojiMt-eoinost-oj 

«Or-IC>5(M<N(N<Ni-i(N(N 



I rl CO <M !N <N I 



CO CO 



SO-* 



'liaqqV 



r5(Ni-lrHr-llN<M<Nr-H MO 



03 a o ^ 00 00 1- r ■' -~ 



CO i-H CO <N <N <M (N r-l (N (N |^ r-l r^ CO <N <N (N <-"-i | ^ _^ 

assspsgaSSIiSislSisSlli 



SSS pj;=iPi;H^e5(N<MWco o. 



.J,,-, .«*r-ICO-J'-ICO'*<eO- 

•da-^ o^oooot-ococDt 
*jJ32oa ^ "^ '^ "^ ^'^^ 



•d3>r 



'SJJJBI^ 



i-( I "^ 

1~< I '~' I i-H 



' T3 T3 — W "^ "S "^ ii 4-1'O'a'S'S' 

•"S CO 5 £ S t^ 00 C3 ^iMCO-^iO' 



,-cx;-c j=x; c 



^c : : : : : = 



V- 

o 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



405 



a 

O 
O 

i 

a 

O 

O 



•^a-VT -- to oi O 
***a. 00 >0 (M O 



'IIOA 

•davr r-l rH i-l 00 

"''a 00 m «o o 
'xoa-^l '*' CO M 'i* 

'joiAb J, Tjt CO CO -* 

'XjOJS ■* CO CO "* 



e» OOOIM 



^ I O CO t-t- O»00' 



e^'maos \ 00 oi t- to T-^ yn -^ 
<^ 00 o »-i oeot-t-ooo'^ 

Srjr-KMr-l I »c> PH ,-r rl (M F-l(N 



<to 00 o 1-1 I o CO t^t- o 00 "tfi 

«0 "-I <M i-H I «<S T-H rl i-H (M i-l (N 



>0 C5 t- IM — »*< ■ 

O CO t-t^ O 00 ( 
«S rH r1 i-H <N rH < 



00 00 '^ eo le^TttOO 
to (M ^ (N I 50 00 O ^ 

lO l-HH "-" I «^ I-H N 1-1 






t O C5 00 I 00 ( 



r CO I 6* -* to (£) 



•da-vr -Hooooo |J^t^i-<eo i>H'*io< 

,"■ OPIOC^O |<»N.-I(N I^OpOi 



'jadiBjj 



IM-* I v*,Hl-Hi-l eSi-KMi 



toOSOOlO^IMCO I 00 



>Q rH iH i-H 94 i-l C4 



(MCO |O00O(M lO'^tfX 



"'H 00>O00a>|»H04--(M, _ _ 

'SAiajpOV "^COO^CO |>l5i-lf-lrH |0)r-l<Mi 



C- 1-1 O CO t-t-< 



_ - - t-O 00 ■«< I ■n 

»0,-(r-(i-l<NrH(N |»H 



^ in «£ ( ?o I 

?bi-^rH04 |H501p-i(M |*N.C<li-ieOC^C<104 |«S 



•ma/T 1— i'>»iio5o itooooot- leo-^i-'t^ lOit-cotoioeom loi 
VI rMooooiO l^t-coict- Ir^oiooco eor-osi— 'Tt<t-m liri 



_ . , ^(M--(M «)00O(M C>COt>t-C500'^ 

'UBSBjI -^eOCOCO I'OrHrlr-l |eOi-lCMi-l |«»i-<i-H^rHr-(lN 1^^ 



•jjouiJaaajV 



I <M CO 05 I 00 00 lO CD 






ui -Dijifuooraaa 2 og g g 



•UBDiiqnds^ S S ^ § 

•»li CO CO •>*< 



t-~. CO OC Oi 
S^i CO lO t- 
ltoi-(i-(lM 



<O00 (Mlrt 
f^ <M i-l(M 



Oi in 05 1- 
J^ 00 o -< 

^ r-<M.-l 



O ^ 1-1 C5 o I ?^ 



I m p-i 1— I lO to t- 



i5'XTt<oio--co it^ 

t» <N rl CO <M e« IM I «0 



«a i-( rl rH (J4 i-l(N 



«: 

^ 






^ a- 

^ in 
O 1-1 



400 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



CD cj 

§ I 

•i-i J 

-P a 

t 
§ 

m ! 






'lOBuaax 



■™3a JloSriS 
'zjnq '^^ "^ 



•inarr o to o> oo 



•UOHB^ 






•uiaa 









'sqai-jT ■«' « « M 

'lJB3oa "* M CO TK 

•aa>j i-< O O -# 
*** a. 00 lO CO O 



C> •■£ C-. ' 

^■^ CO iC ' 



f^ oo «i t- 



«0 OC CR ■* 
t^ 00 t- t- 

«S CJ -H ;>< 



Co o « — 



?ri ?5 »0 00 
50I-I1-' <M 



f^ 00 O ■* 
t^ 00 00 t- 
«5NrH(N 



•O O4 00 lO 

i^ 00 t-^- 



to 00 00 lO 
t^ 00 t^ t- 
>^ ^ p- <M 



>-'5 X 00 lO 
f^ 00 t- t- 
•Q S-l r- (N 



»^(-O0t*. 
?-» 00 t- t- 

'ti 'M 1-1 CJ 



l^fiS I 



-.t--«< — ><«< — 90 lO 

~3. t~ 05 — '♦■ r^ iC :^ 

t^ CJ F-. CO rl (N C^ •« 



■-H I- '♦' OS '*' 'H ^ 

~7 r- C5 o '^i t- «o 

?:: c) r-i CO <N M (N 



~^ t- CJ ^ ■* t- lO I !^ 

?; <N — I eo *» IN CM I "ss 



«<5 CO «^«o e« o 

«* 00 Ol '- -t< t- >o 
K N 1-1 « (N (N (N 



II 



>~i t~ la •-! ■^ •-• to I «o 

t^^lr-CO<M(NIN U5 

^5 r- C5 — •* r^ us i» 

*^CJr-eOCMO»Ci IQ 



^ t- 05 ^ ■V 1~ lO I V5 
e^?»^CO«(N<N I in 



■^ t~ ^^ 00 t~ t- 

^<M >QIMi-IIM 



1 t^ 00 O « 
I »-c ;-l — M 



O^jtioeo 

tooo O-^ 



I e^ ■-*i uo CO 

I to 00 O I-" 
I *5t-<Ni-i 



1 vjrti lO to 

r>. oooi- 

I es 1-1 3^ rH 



. iM — CO CM (N < 



U5 00 00»- »•«<. 



•rsOflO tOO^ CO 
O Tti 00 t- O 00 U5 
»iS rl i-i rl C« r^ fri 



: 

: 
: 

3 






1st Ward 

2d •• 

3d " 

Dist 


' 


^ 


I 




: 


i 



3 


rt <• » 


J 


^- - 


Z 


ISS 


H 

> 


^ 


W5 


e- 



2. . 



1^ 
p-E 

l!- " - ' i 

^ to "O -O 

o—i o) CO 



B 

a 
o 
o 

I 

>> 
4^ 

pi 
o 
O 

fl 
o 

GQ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•dan ^S ll?5S 






407 

i 



•da^i 



I C5 I ^ 00 CC 00 lO 



IIOA 



•d3H 5SI^SS?^S 



■d3"ST ^ ^ I 05 O « O CO 



!52g? 



C> O O CC lO 






■?l,^.sg"|8"3S"iSSS|8iSiS|lgSi 
I 11 I 

'davr tC: IsJiSrJP''* 1 o >« 10 ioimojmoj i «o <d -- ir> 



> O O CO I 
)e<30(M I 



'sAiajpav 



r-l I S< (Ml 



'qjadspnjj 



IM C<» I -* CM r- 



"dav **■!::! I "^ -^ ■* o m 






<> "-I I e^ s^ i-H ,-1 pH 






311"!AV n^A 



"^1 (M (M C<J 



'■o !M CO eo <Ji 



DimDoui^a §1 I §2i3SS I f:?1^ I ^^152^ I SS^S I 2 



s I I I I I 



«a>-' I ^ (NrHrHi 



to . 



« - 
3 



Q 

i-c (M CO >!*< 






^. 



'«»IIOA ** 



'iDBaaax 















•rasa Ss 












•raaa 



'uaSog "^ 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



IQTj* 00 !-> 05 
^tW rl 1-1 



.<N.-I i-H 



Tl< O i-< OC 

§— eooxN 
CJ l-H I-l 



-904 •H r-t 



»-ioo |<oooo»eiQO 

US C4 i-l |*S'*C^i-lC0 



»» O !» I ?0 t- 00 <M 00 
t^ (N I- OJ O (M I- -ti 
XJiMr-i «rjTJl(Nr-IOO 



♦J CM ©I I 



♦<<N(NC» t^ 



I 0^ e<i <N »>. 



so •»!" (N ^ eo 



«0'*(Ml-<CO 



SO-' eo 05(N 



&5 — CO 0» (M 



O lO I IQ CSt^ Ml 

«S<Ni 



•S^«r-IC»5 









i >Cl~M' 
l in (M ( 
«S IN ri e;) •* 0-1 1 



«5 O eO I to ^ (N lO to 



t^ CO i-< O ( 

googjoo. 



•da^ 

'SJtJBIV 



O lO I i^S to F-< O M 
•<9i (35 I «ri 00 eo 00 »o 

-1 I »< 04 i-H 



flM !N(N «4 I t^ 
t- CO t- I 00 

S w (ft t* I 55 

gssss s 






§18 



to IM 



in , 

3 



;l'r 



PL, 

3T3T.-S 
•-* (N CC ^ 

c« 



o 



^ !N !N (N 



5* 05 !M •* 
g t-tO 05 



g COIMM 

•OiNcoeo 



liii 



& 00 « « 

S5 wtN'* 



1= 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



409 



o 

O 

I 

o 
O 

a 
o 



_ 05 IN (N C > 



•da-sr u5 o 'J' «o '-' 



•dan -SSSSSi 



'jadj^H '^^ '■' '-' I "to rH r-l r-l 



I •>* 12 (M eo M 00 

> IC Ol ■^ «> 05 (M 



r>. 1-1 r-l r- 1 



SfJ 1*1 Oi ■»*< Id C5 <M 



?i r-«5ao I »H 



•-" O >-l «D O ( 



5o oa ■^ — o 

e^ i-i eoeo-H 



>'-CO«.-l 05(Nr^-- 



OJ C t^ C» ift 

7*00 m — «o 

«OrH MM — 



«» S^ t- CO >o 



>O'*00 



j^ o lo oo e^ 

OjlMi—r-i US 



»*05 la oo e» 

O CO o (N I o 
<a <N rH i-H «ts 






'qjadspnjj 
•da^ 

'UBSBjI <M ri - ^ - 



"uiarr '^ri'^^'S |:^<mc^oooooooi 



'amniM a^A =^ -^ -^ -^ -- 



•oUBiDomaQ g J:: 2; li 2 

Sq CO M Ol IM 



«0 t- O Oi CO lO IM 
■<» lO O iCl t- O T»< 



0> N t- OJ O 

;3>00tMO<O 
<Oi-l CO COi-l 



»*t-t-{Oh- 



pi cj I* ■*ej 



•Q 00 loo oe 

S^-^ eO(MrH 



I <M O CO b- O (M 



1 o CO yi ••* oj Tf eo 05 (M 






00 -J to ( 

»^!00( 
0> <M rl 1 



*^ 00 00 lO 

C>iNc>qi-i 



^ — lO la 

'S to O s<i 



20 o -^ 00 

Oi ?« (N ^ 



•* h- O I 



C> 05 i-l r-l I "Q 



^,-, 



or : ; : 



o a 



410 



-d 


e 


o 


u 


^ 


1 


B 


> 




J 


+3 


n 


a 


S 


o 




9 


< 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



'jaBuuax 5^ " w (N 6^ 









IN CO M M <N 



•IU3Q aot~~- — Oi 



•zjnq 



<N cocoon (M 



(N} ■^ -^ — (N S CI I C> t^ •* M M 

I 

P CO ■* -^ r-l ^ .^ I TM Op «0 CI IN 
(N (N 



t^^ CO ^t >5 . 



,^COCO^-HO lOjOOlNiOM 

( to -*< to -H t- C5 Moi»tor-o> 

►r-<NS^CON(M 'Oi-HOOI^i-l 



'bj eo •© I 



00?^ OIN 
0< CO lO O 



tp M O 01 
« J CO lO OJ 

O IN C<J rl 



■ i-H C<1 (N CO <N I<l 



ieoe5i 



«ii-c e5(N ^ 



«S r-l eOlM iH 






a> o 00 lO lo I ^. 

c5cOMC^?3 3 f=t IN IN CO Cfl o5 IxSi^coe^.^ 



e^ T*< to lo t- o CO I >o 



'uiauaQ 



.,„-^ uoOiniNt- ii^ico-^— ' — CO— i leoioc^^QN 
UJ3Q i:-00g;OO |^^S;SS?^?^ IS>C5!5t:* 



'X][ouaof) ' 
•uiaa 



ICOO^INN eo<-IS<IC4>I!NlN >i5>-ceO(Ni 



^tO'^ODOcD 1 QOOOSNlOCO 

I . ^ J^J^ 



O O 05 •* o 

Cvl CO CO IN f) I ^* 1— IN (N CO C4 C5 I Hi i-i CO (N i-H 



ooo>o-- ito'<*<r-tO(NOt- |'=o>-i'-^ocj 

■-"QOC>J— 'CO "O tO'J'CD — lOOO !S^)0t-C50 
COCOCO(N3<I ^i-llNO^eOC'ICN «ilNCOCNI^ 



Q^H oiNojoieo ' " 

'sqaj^ '^ -' -'I 

•riaxr t*< C<l ■* OS <N 



to i-c CO CO rl 



TJ<INOr-(N(N li^^OOOlO 



^ CO lO 05 
OC^INr-. 



>-HOt- — 



00— '^CO 



§?5S 



ilNi—i- «S 



15:^5 



•da^ o IN 03 a> 



C01N'<*t~t- ISOIN^^Oi 



-» ■V 3> •f O OS IN 



1 t- lO CO I Co 



_ Cl to 00 1 S5 



2 


s= 


: 


: : 


Q 


toTJ 


T3 


J5 J3 




42 IN CO 


•55 S 


g 


•o 






o 


s 






U 


^>. 






s 


'O'" 


" 


- " 


H 


CO 






z 








a 


a 






s 


^ 






w 












ELECTION RETURNS. 



411 







d3H 


2si 


!ii- 


l§g2|S| 


«o 






'Mp^ 




... 




t^ 






dan 


§52? 


1 


;?SSS2S 


^ 






'IIOA 


r-e^c^ 


.<NC^ 


-* (M«-. 


§ 






d^H 


2sl 


sSi 


^ssssg 


S 






'xou-H 






§ 




» 


3 "JOl'^^X 


SSI 


Sii 


5SS||g 


1 






1 -dfH 


gsi 


'lai 


§SSS2g 


§ 






da^ 


sss 


ss§ 


l*^iSS 


g 






'pSBM 


'^(MC^ 


toNi-i 




s 


Ti 




■d^H 


§2i 


2500 


gssssg 


i 


pi 




'jadjBH 


^(N 0^ 


SojN 






da^ 


§2§ 


>.ooo 


I5SS52^ 


§ 




'sMajpay 


^(N<M 


sa§ 


•<* <M.-lS 


§ 


o 














D 


1 

Z 

tii 


•UI3Q 

'qiadspnn 


C^SS 


Hii 


iisssi 


1 




^ 


•da^j 


2^1 


ils 


S!SiS§§ 


S; 


;:! 


1 


'ubSbj 






-».-l (Nr^N 




o 















1 


•uiaa 


gs;§ 




Iglllg 




a 




'lJ0aiJ3Q0I^ 


--0. , 


<o^n 




;^S5^ 


1 


z 

'•J 


d3H 


<N0.?3 


tjS2 1 


Sl^isE 




1 


'^IiaiAV a^A 




.!N?q 




^i 


•y] 


3UEJ00UI3Q 


1"" 1 


^ TT -- 1 


s?;§ssS8 


«i 




S 




C^O^IM 


■toOJco 1 


«5^Jt- eoo^Si 






g 




1 




1 


"^ 




u 














.J 


•nEDjiqnda^ 


S2gl 


S^s 


|-2S|2g 


s 




w 




^0,<N 1 
1 


!0<M C^ 




"* 




























: : 


Q : 






S 






















Ji: 


js : 






Q 1 






















■^ 


^ : 






a 


o ■ ■ 











2s 


c : 






O o 


« - . 


u. 




: 






° '~l 


i' 


cu" 


"O 


u • 






^ i 


H?^ 


H-a 


>" ' ' ' 


^ i 






HNTH 

oboke 




.M 


«T3tD-5. 


- J 






c3 






>• 






S 3= 


^ 


^ 


s 


1'2 






^ i 

►^ 


s 








? 








- 


' 


- - 


^i 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



luaa 

'SJ3IIOA 



'jaBuuax 






uiaa 

'331^ 



'S3JJBJ^ 



uiaa 



uiaa 



'uiaaaQ 



■uiaa 
'Al[Ouuo3 



'>iooja 

•uiaa 

'naqqV 

'sq3j:>I 
■d3H 



<3>Ol 



I O lO >rt 
I t^ ?1 M 



«0 <N r-l CO (N (N I M 

<-H -»< OO IC r-l -- I 0> 

'-H CD ■V (M (M <0 I «-< 

CO c-1 .-I eo (M IM ^ 



»-1 to TTi <M (N lO I ^ 
CO (N i-H M IM C>J -^ 



•H lO IM -- ■^ 0> I r-i 
»-< •* CO C5 05 •— C I 05 
to (N rl O^ r- C^ g 



to IN ^ «C^ (M i ^ 



^^ ^^ 00 I o 10 »o 



050(M M-HI 



1 .^ 00 to 00 O 
1 to -*1 (M (M to 

> ej pH CO c^oj 



»-^ •<*< CO lO « o 
'-I to V N (M to 

Co (N 1-1 eo IN (N 



»-<'♦< 00 10 -- r-l I o> 
"-H to ■«*< (M (N to I i^ 

CO iM r-i eo <N <N e» 



I5» t(< 00 ■<*< ^ « I to 
~< to •<*< (N (N 10 I '-H 
Co (M 1-1 SO <N (N ■ 



|a 



^•^ao-^^'^ 



O ■* O CO -^ i-c 
«^ 05 toco IN 00 
** (Nrl-H 



JOO^U^g; 



I <N 10 I C3S C; O 

I — i o I c^ -n o 



o o 






CM 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



>5 

o 
O 

o 
m 



•dan 

'IPA 

•da^ 
'xoa;5I 

■dan 
•da^ 

•da>i 
'laS^M 

•da-g 
'jadj^H 

•da^ 
'sMajpay 



IM N 

35 00 
IM r-l 



~» <Ni-lf-l« 



*JOS00 W«*«^ 
t>, CO 00 O lO to 



vjao i>» ^ e» lO 

*^ ® 00 O lO lO 



•J5 0>0^ '*! U5 

t^ » OS O «0 lO 
<t ClrHr-CTj< 



00 O lO 

>o ooo> 



ooo 
00 oo 
<MrH 



Oi CD^IMSIM 



00 00 t<- I-" 'J* 05 
50 <0 00 o »o -^ 



•raaa : 
'madspnu 

•da^ 



•inad 
'auBj^ 

•da^ 
'jajMoj 

OIJBIDOUiaQ 



«S «0 S« t» rH (M 



6» O CO 

t^ 00 05 

c> ■<>< so 



00 05 f.,rH 



>Q r-l ^J 


§S2| 


gs- 


§S = 


S2S 


§^S 


S5" 


1 



*5rH — 
t'-rneo 



<» 00 OS 



J^ 00 OS 
CS tl OJ 



~»00 M 



It-'"** I *H(M<M 



t-t- 

(N r-( 



•ai!3iiqnda^ 



c> lO t- o •♦< lo 
oot>r- o CO IN 



IClO-^O ot- 



ej OS 00-* (MO 

"i ;0 00 O lO lO 
-* IMrHr-Tj< 



•fs in OO o 00 r- 

to CO ^ •* ■* o 

~» !M IM (M I— i-( 



S5 — '^O'*-' 

OOt- O i-H lO «o 
•* COr-r-l'* 



OlM-H 



OOOOIM 
0P(M IM 
^tN(M 



t<. ^ CO 

rj o OS 

^TPIM 






OOiflfM 
g — !M 
?> ~1 IM 



a^HIM «^i-l 



I CO o 
I lO CO 
■ O IM 



I-* O 
I CO CO 
! CO CO 
(M.-I 



»*^ OS *i 



ICON 



I 

CSO ( 



iiOt-p 
OO'K «2 

?o csoc 
co«o«o 



•^ iM CO "O 05< 



tor- CO 

»*-«< CO 



i2« 



xacoiM 

-*05i-C 



^gJ 



;S2 



I o >c »* 

. OOIMOO 

^os c; «o 



c3 



a r? 
o o^ 



414 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



o 
O 

o 

03 






•uiaa 



•;uBaa3X 






•uiaa 






^00 com o>t^ 



O C5 1^ CO r- »- 

Cc X) CO ifl •»»< 00 
-^ 0-1 ei(M ^ r-( 



i-H Oi CO to 00 «D 
to CO 00 Tf •* t- 
^(M N iM l-H i-l 



O lO .-I 

^* i-c (N , 



c (N I «0 lO to »~l ■ 



«» lOi-l I «0 — I to 
~»i-i (M SO IC to 



1^1 ^ »-( 
tOrHCO 



C> C-1 (N ^» " 



lO I 

to 



■ C^ <N (N ^ i-H 



^ •^ 1-1 I lO (M to 

:::*r! 59 | ^"O to 



d <N <N 



0O'«*< 00 
>-< -*l ■— I 
toi-H eo 



•uiaa S! 



I I 

O tH -- I «<5 C^ to I 

•^ — (M 60 lO to 

<S (M (M Vf-# rH I 



•zjnq 



rl CO -<HN05(Ni 






O 00 (M lOt- to 

to CO eo-^ ■* t- 

-Jt <N (M 0» rH t-l 



'»lf^*T 05 GTj I ^^ oo CM lO C3 

'uiaaaQ "* 



6? 00 (M »0 Ci 'Jl 






'jiDoja 






©» t-1-i lo a. ^ 

to CO CO •* -^ t- 
^» (M (N (N rH 1-1 



toeocO'^-^t- leo^tM 



eo co^ 
eo ^ (M 
O (N <N 



to 00 CO CO 00 O 
to CO CO ■* Tt< 00 
^ <M <N IM rH i-l 



©J 00 (35'*< •* • 
t^ to 00 O lO 1 



-- 05 to lo >n 

1^ OO O U3 'SI 
(M i-l i-l ^ 



Ci 'ti •<* 



to O "* 
to 00 05 
C> Ti (N 



to O^ 
to t-Oi 
O ■* !N 



to rH CO 



00t»< 05 

to rl CO 



li-l tOi-lCO 



O •>*< OS 

s< -^ — 

to— I CO 



■^(M I eo"** . 



90 t- us 
|>.rH CO 



to IM lO 

•* o o 



to 1-1 CO ~* o to 



e^ 00-* 

to — -* 
~» o ■* 



•^ to-* 
to— eo 



— to — CO 



»^00t- 

tooo^ 
-*o eo 

CO 00 



eo — t- 

to CO 00 

CO 00 



I 

O T»< <N «>. — 
I 



— — I 6*T(<— I 

— CO ~* OJ — 



o a 

wS 

I- 

Bm 

o o 
crtU 

h 

ci'2 

eo .. 



.to ^s" 
1 00 -2 

CO S , 



ll 



S5 lO to .._^, 

^ to (M _ ^ 



.J=ja *i. 



^- 






^, ^, ^. 



go 



as 

o o 



ELECTION RETURNS. 415 

Hunterdon County. 

Electors. -Cong- —Sen — Assembly.- 



5 g .o.SE|^a«e^d^a.SE^E 

Alexandria 83 199 83 198 86 187 84 82 198 197 

last Bethlehem 50 86 54 83 50 85 52 51 85 86 

I' est " 75 207 77 209 76 208 89 75 188 209 

;iinton 207 364 219 353 207 361 202 205 368 367 

•• Borough 122 115 119 117 108 126 121 121 114 116 

)elaware 141 362 146 356 141 361 141 140 362 360 

:ast Amwell 172 198 171 199 169 199 160 167 199 214 

Vanklin 98 215 92 217 94 214 96 96 215 217 

"reachtown Borough 137 132 139 131 139 131 173 136 133 107 

ligh Bridge Borough 284 112 299 100 276 119 283 283 112 112 

lolland 212 195 210 198 214 195 211 210 198 195 

unction Boiough 118 122 134 106 118 119 121 115 120 119 

Lingwood 143 228 149 221 142 225 145 143 227 226 

.ambertville, 1st Ward 107 213 101 217 105 211 105 106 213 215 

2d " 201 161 199 165 207 157 198 193 166 17U 

3d " 306 244 301 243 309 244 302 294 244 248 

6U 618 601 625 621 612 605 593 623 633 

ilast Lebanon 107 162 111 162 103 164 108 113 150 162 

Vest " 146 139 147 136 144 141 144 146 135 141 

Last Raritan 228 264 232 261 220 265 226 225 265 266 

Vest " 239 308 249 295 244 296 234 235 310 313 

»rorth Readington 138 262 140 262 135 264 135 138 263 262 

;outh " 127 158 124 161 125 158 124 125 160 162 

kockton Borough 82 61 80 67 80 69 82 81 66 67 

i:ast Tewksbury 92 163 92 162 89 165 89 129 132 161 

Vest •' 94 164 95 163 94 164 96 98 161 165 

Jnion 59 191 59 191 60 180 61 59 187 189 

Vest Amwell 105 112 103 114 104 112 106 106 112 111 

Total vote in county 3873 51.37 3925 5087 3839 5120 3888 3872 6083 5157 

Plurality in county 126!, 1162 1281 

Prohibition, 312; Soc.-Dem,34; Soc.-Lab., 8 ; People's, 17. 



*16 ELECTION RETURNS. 

Mercer County. 



ft s 

Pi Q 

East Windsor, Township Dist 166 62 

Hightstown Borough 274 160 

Ewing, 1st Dist 222 97 

West Windsor 199 136 

Hamilton, North Dist 287 81 

South " 260 132 

" West " 162 79 

Hopewell, East Dist 126 102 

" Central Dist 152 88 

Western Dist 189 51 

Hopewell Borough 132 109 

Pennington Borough 119 48 

Washington Township.. 177 115 

Lawrence Township 316 118 

Princeton, Township Dist 139 1</1 

" Borough, 1st Dist... 449 156 

2d " ... 410 190 



5779 1825 

Trenton, 1st Prec, 1st Ward 357 99 

2d " '• " 259 90 

" 3d " " " 313 132 



-CONC- 


^d 


ASSHMB 

-d .d 


LY -- 


fi 


- F= 


"O V 




e^ 


1) V 






w u 


Sf^ 


rQ 


^^ 


HPi 


A^ 


JSQ 


F« 


O 


Ph 


b 


(ll 


Pi 


DC 


CAI 


165 


63 


166 


166 


166 


64 


63 


63 


274 


160 


274 


274 


274 


169 


158 


159 


221 


100 


219 


218 


219 


98 


IfO 


102 


198 


137 


197 


187 


198 


139 


141 


138 


284 


81 


286 


286 


2S6 


75 


80 


82 


259 


134 


260 


260 


260 


133 


133 


130 


160 


80 


158 


148 


158 


8(' 


88 


79 


126 


102 


124 


126 


125 


102 


102 


102 


152 


88 


153 


151 


151 


«8 


88 


89 


185 


56 


210 


176 


183 


46 


53 


52 


128 


112 


131 


128 


130 


111 


111 


109 


117 


50 


118 


111 


116 


50 


50 


60 


177 


115 


177 


176 


177 


115 


114 


115 


315 


118 


315 


283 


315 


129 


121 


118 


139 


101 


139 


139 


139 


103 


101 


101 


451 


162 


441 


459 


438 


186 


160 


155 


409 


100 


402 


389 


375 


268 


189 


177 


S760 1859 


S770 


S677 


3709 19U6 1852 1821 


357 


102 


354 


342 


854 


104 


99 


98 


258 


91 


252 


242 


250 


91 


88 


91 


308 


137 


303 


290 


303 


140 


135 


139 



929 S21 923 350 909 87U 907 355 512 528 
1st Prec, 2d Ward 269 159 264 165 264 258 263 164 162 165 
2d " " " 455 165 451 165 447 410 445 177 173 179 



724 5% 

1st Prec, 3d Ward 255 131 

2d " " " 234 76 

3d " " " 137 130 

4th " " " 179 213 

805 550 

1st Prec, 4th Ward 200 160 

2d " *' " 167 170 

3d " " " 158 209 

4th " " " 128 146 



715 


550 


711 


668 


708 


3kl 


555 


5UU 


203 


VM 


253 


246 


250 


127 


131 


129 


225 


75 


230 


224 


231 


74 


67 


76 


136 


131 


135 


133 


135 


131 


130 


131 


179 


213 


177 


182 


177 


206 


212 


2L>9 


805 


550 


795 


785 


795 


658 


550 


6U, 


200 


159 


199 


205 


196 


156 


157 


155 


167 


170 


166 


172 


166 


170 


168 


165 


109 


2G9 


156 


172 


157 


203 


202 


204 


128 


145 


127 


131 


125 


144 


143 


142 



655 685 60k 685 61S 680 6US 675 670 666 

1st Prec, 5th Ward 245 287 244 288 236 245 236 285 281 288 

2d " " " 144 140 143 140 141 141 142 142 138 132 

Sd " " " 205 237 208 230 202 227 202 229 196 22£ 

4th •* " " 393 265 388 158 380 419 377 155 128 15( 



987 929 985 816 959 1032 957 811 71^2 796 

1st Prec, 6th Ward 211 171 211 173 209 210 209 172 17J 171 

2d " " " 126 190 126 190 125 125 ^23 188 188 18.' 

SS7 561 537 365 35U 335 552 360 358 S6i 



ELECTION RETURNS. 417 



Mercer County- Continued. 



Electors. -Co 



NG.. 



-Assembly. ^, 



(^ Q ^ I e ^"^ J^ ^^ -'^ 1^ 

Trenton, 1st Prec. 7th Ward 251 136 249 237 246 "^239 245 "^138 ^37 "^1.4 

''"^ ^"'' ■^09 188 261 249 260 190 187 192 

" ^H '. .. ^P "6 271 115 270 269 262 11.5 lis \vi 

•• :«P.„.,:...w„aff^ gj fft ?« f4 -^ ^S f^ ?S ?|^ 

;; J5"''f,'-".?«'?,"J361 209 361 209 369 357 358 207 206 209 

Prohibition, 450; Soc-Dem., 215; Soc.-Lab., 38; People's, 68. 



27 



418 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•* «> ^ t- (M O I 0> ■ 



UJ^Q I- m «o t- CO 



lCMr-l(M(N »-<r-l,-i,-i 



Oi »-l « r- 0> 00 00 

lo »i ^ ec o» -- CI 

' - r-(r-l(NrH 






I C lO t~ 05 t- 00 < 



"•^Q (NOlOlOStOr- l>^00O3lO •5 — COO — <M 









CO 05 t- 00 00 I 

<£> -V* •-! -^ ■V < 

'XjstnoSjaoi^i <m <n •* (n rn <n | 50 < 



O-'J'CCKNOt-iOl^ 



l^ooootoccojin 

©05COt~05C50'^ 
(N <M IN e^ r-1 1-1 « (N 



'S9AOiQ 



COtH<M'»*<t*<© ^. , . 

(NtNrtfC^rHM <© M r-( i-H »^ rl i-l(M « i 






KN'^IMr-KN «<5 i 



I (N l^ rH rt W 00 I 



00 CO (M t- t- r- , 






t 
I 

© 
© 



CO in 1—^ O'*' 



"'^Q <M«5«pr-eoeo oj 



'J33I3 UBA 



1 CO O O I «i (M o o •* OJ 
^ lO »~i I— CO (M CJ <N 



i-1(Nf-IIM(M t-Crli-l— . It^ i-H r- CQ C^ r-l 



•fTavr Oeoeooooio IO5-HC1B05 |»5coooOoo(M 

'SaOJJC !NCfl'*(Nr1CO ltoCO<N(N lt>.r-ii-li-ie<5r- 

I'lnaiT e>ooou5«0(Mco } t^ a> oi Ci |»^t-oiNt-io 

ni3Q K-> lO to t^ n CO |t^«oo'«j< o©»o— i^(M 

f'aaSaaa-^-^<'^-^<^'^ 1;^'^^^ I ** -^ -^ ^^ <>^ -^ 

.^a-VT 0050iftift»0 ICS^WO |t^^O0C<l;Dt- 

'ipAlOH <^^'*'^'-"^ l«OeOr-i(N t^(Nr-iCqcOr-l 

"ttymT'\nfnfs^-r OlOCDt-PllO |%>— l-^C^I |*^UOOOOOSt-l 

f-l r-l <N i-l CM (N I T-H,-(r-li-l I >Q rH ri rt (N f-l 

ei505'^iO"*t- i^e<ioit- looojoow^oo 



rfl t- ^ CO 5- O ^ OJ 



00r-lO(M^00c5'^ 
C^IM(NCJi-Hi-lcgoq 



■^ccoseo — ice»c5 



<N(N!M(N(NOleC0l 



rlt-i i-H rH ,-1 N , 



© 00 — 00 10 «0 OS t^ 
•— C5t-t-©©(N'»ti 

(NCMCNcac^iNeoc^ 






o 
o 



|Q' 



i(N rH <>< i-i IN r- Ol 



(« U.«3«i-i"iNC0' 



<D 




;3 


1 


fl 


'. 




z 


'-iS 


a 


a 


m 





j 


O 
1 




1 

>> 


1 


4^ 


6 


rt 


2 

c3 


:3 


o 


1 


D 




« 


<«• 


0) 


2J 


02 


O 


(D 





ELECTION RETURNS. 






419 









.;s?,oSss5|is»iSi'iss 






OS eo U3 

i-i (M ■* 



00(M(M 
1-1 (M T»< 



© lO lO 
T9< (M to 



M h~ lO 

TT (M ;0 



J33I3 UBA ----- ' 

S?.aSS5S|gS5Sgis§2§ 






•nBOHqnd.H g||2 I pS|2|^||S 



<M (M (M 



■^ (M !r> 

«(Nr-. 



«o O t~ 
O .— c<5 
<M <M (M 



^ C<l CO >0 00 I ^< 

JotoeooS I IS 






iO CO »* to 00 I 00 



I OJ6* o 



*^ to •* ii< h. 






I : 









c- > 



- " « -^ s-5 »- 



Q 

m T3 



** 2 






« S a" 



hdi Or 



42C 



Atlantic 

Eatontown, 1st Dist 

2d •' 

Freehold, 1st Dist 

2d '• 

3d " 

Howell, Eastern Dist 

" Western " 

Holmdel 

Manalapan Township 

Englishtown Borough 

Matawan Borough 

" Township 

Middletown, 1st Dist 

" 2d " 

3d " 

Highlands, 4th Dis 

Atlantic Highlands Bor 

Millstone 

Marlboro 

Asbury Park, 1st Ward 

2d " 

Neptune Twp, 1st Dist 

2d " 

3d •• 

4th " 

Avon„ 

Bradley Beach 

Neptune City 

Ocean, 1st Dist 

" 2d •• 

" 3d " 

" 4th •* 

•' 5th " 

" 6th " ^ 

Seabiight Borough «... 

Allenhurst Borough 

Deal Borough » 



ELEC 

Mon 


TION R 

mouth 

RS. — CON( 

o % d. 

e t^ 

209 159 

96 234 

161 162 

241 217 
225 193 
273 296 

739 706 
182 239 
179 149 
194 107 
171 223 
47 66 
132 232 
179 147 

171 241 
200 283 
155 255 

126 108 

652 837 

127 197 
229 181 
261 206 

166 297 
72 256 

238 553 
144 350 
189 220 
228 251 
120 270 

681 1091 
31 29 
85 91 
96 58 
162 187 
136 135 
292 326 
112 180 
353 318 
240 282 

1295 U28 

102 137 

4 41 

12 22 


ETURNS 

County 

197 166 
96 233 
162 160 

244 239 
222 216 
267 354 

733 809 
180 262 
175 176 
192 104 
166 222 
47 66 
130 227 
175 143 

169 235 
199 231 
140 240 

123 104 

631 810 

124 195 
225 214 
263 204 

191 273 
76 236 


A 

•a 

11 

159 
234 
160 

212 
178 
285 

~675' 
231 
143 

99 
214 

65 
225 
144 

235 
230 
240 
111 

816 
196 
177 
203 

288 
256 


LSSBMB 

v a 
•o *> 

^^ 

157 
232 
159 

216 
177 
286 

679 
234 
144 

98 
217 

65 
232 
142 

241 

246 
236 
129 

852 
243 
139 
205 

278 
228 

506 
351 
229 
243 
271 








:5 Republican. " 


P 

194 
95 
164 

245 
245 
273 

763 
108 
164 
195 
172 
47 
1.33 
178 

171 
194 

150 
110 

625 
104 
263 
263 

157 
70 

227 
143 
162 
220 
120 

6U5 
31 
85 
95 

161 

1 

120 
352 
238 

1505 

103 

5 

12 


u 

J 

192 
95 
164 

233 
218 
239 

690 
179 
171 
195 
171 
47 
135 
178 

164 
200 
149 
119 

632 
112 
210 
263 

210 
96 

S06 
175 
231 
247 
134 

787 
31 
91 
102 
162 
136 
294 
120 
352 
236 

1300 

103 

7 

10 


|2 

%Q 

196 
95 
165 

231 
215 

248 

69i 
168 
174 
205 
173 
47 
13C 
18S 

18C 
19.' 
161 
llf 

6€i 
W 

2i: 

261 

15 

7 

22 
14 
15 
22 
11 

2 
8 
S 
16 
13 
29 
11 
34 
2c 

12i 
It 

] 


. 232 
. 160 


. 217 
. 190 
. 292 


699 
. 237 
. 145 


. 104 


. 219 
. 66 


.. 229 


.. 143 

.. 237 
.. 233 


.. 239 


- 104 

813 
.. 194 
.. 179 


^ 206 

.. 312 

.. 269 


681 
- 352 
.^ 215 
.- 257 
.^ 274 


267 509 
143 335 
182 188 
230 248 
124 271 


5i4 
318 
170 
245 
270 


1098 
... 28 
... 90 


679 10U2 
30 28 
84 85 
96 58 
165 191 
137 135 
293 324 
119 181 
353 317 
239 285 

1306 U3S 

101 135 

5 41 

13 23 


1003 
27 
86 
49 
193 
136 
327 
180 
320 
284 

UW 
134 
38 
24 


109U 
27 
89 
59 
190 
134 
325 
180 
318 
281 

U28 
136 
41 
23 


... 58 


... 190 


... 135 
... 328 


... 188 
... 317 


... 280 


uss 

... 137 
... 41 


.... 23 





ELECTION RETURNS. 42i 

Monmouth County- Continued. 

Electors. -Cong.— Assembly. 

a .H 

t I l| M SI* Is* -ss" a si li 

Raritan, 1st Dist „... 271 182 2r,« is^t o;;^ o-o "^^^ i^ U « 

•■ d .. :::;;;:::; "S \^ ?o1 l?i ',*? '?i ?'° ™ "' ^ 

__^ _^ J0° 113 9o 78 105 116 120 145 

Shrewsbury Easte. Dist... H^ ^?^ 20? 1 "^ T^ f 1^ 1 g^ 

M-'i'i',"™ - 249 143 253 137 246 255 243 144 U5 l3? 

w^?^ - ^^* 1"^^ 366 176 363 368 362 184 17? \tl 

w"!^^'?!, ,"• ^5^ 1" 364 185 363 362 360 183 186 18? 

W. Red Bank.. ^ _139 _154 _135 _15_2 __147 U9 ill ill iZ 

Upper Freehold, 1st Dist.... I^f fg fi Z '^ 1^^^ ^ 111 gt 

Wall, 1st Dist.. ..!.. J43 307 ul I^ }g ,^^0 131 54 53 45 

" 2d '• Jg ?fiZ Jg ??^ 1*1 138 14t 306 310 305 

Manasquan Borough";:::::"" ng jsi J?f }?? }*f j;? 146 162 164 163 

North Spring Lake Borough 34 38 39 S ^ ^Ur H^ ^^2 ^^^ 155 

Spring Lake Borough ._ 46 ^7 52 If ?^ S t E ^^ ^ 

Beln^ar Borough...! • jS J _^' J J? _J| _J_? J ^* ^0 

pf^ih^;?n"county!;:::'??S '''' 'S '''' ''''' ^'^^^ 1^« «^22 8"^ i^ 
Piohibitioii,419; Soc..Dem.,63; Soc..Lab,43; People's, 58. 



422 ELECTION RETURNS. 

Morris County. 

Electors. -Cong.- Assembly — — 

Is . . a- 1 .... 

I i t^ |q IfS :hc2 Oq ^q 

Boonton, East District 313 132 284 164 302 305 138 1.37 

West " 342 16G 319 192 333 338 169 173 

Chatham „ 78 57 75 60 76 76 58 58 

Borough 203 118 202 124 204 202 121 124 

Chester 143 232 141 236 142 142 234 234 

Dover, 1st District 219 129 215 135 205 193 166 133 

" 2d " 161 109 169 109 166 151 121 112 

" 3d " 204 129 200 134 199 190 144 133 

" 4th " 248 127 245 130 242 239 139 128 

8S2 U9U 819 508 802 773 570 506 

Florham Park Borough 79 59 79 59 79 79 59 59 

Hanover, North District 164 58 158 64 163 164 58 58 

South " 213 144 212 145 213 209 147 142 

West " 131 113 131 113 130 131 113 113 

JeflFerson, 1st District 109 54 107 55 108 103 59 54 

2d " „ 82 54 81 55 81 82 54 54 

Madison Borough, North Dist 176 172 172 178 175 175 174 174 

South " 308 182 304 187 305 305 184 184 

Mendham 190 182 188 189 190 190 184 186 

Montville 198 76 196 79 197 197 77 76 

Morris 267 236 266 237 265 281 231 232 

Morristown — 

1st Ward, 1st District 191 101 188 103 190 188 102 102 

1st " 2d " 258 123 256 126 254 251 130 127 

2d " 1st " 167 134 163 137 166 165 136 135 

2d " 2d " 162 181 160 184 163 165 180 178 

3d " 1st " 166 142 156 153 163 162 149 146 

3d " 2d " 163 99 159 105 162 163 101 101 

.4th " 243 209 239 215 238 241 213 213 

1S50 989 1321 1023 1336 1335 1011 1002 

Mount Arlington Borough 50 13 50 14 49 50 15 14 

Mount Olive 118 157 113 163 116 116 162 155 

Netcong Borough 94 81 94 80 91 94 83 81 

Passaic 248 238 247 240 248 249 239 237 

Pequannock, 1st District 226 59 226 63 228 228 58 57 

2d " 319 168 300 198 274 303 169 222 

Port Oram Borough 153 191 152 190 151 146 199 191 

Randolph, 1st District 76 142 72 145 75 66 149 142 

2d " 117 157 116 158 115 111 162 157 

Rockaway Borough 225 113 225 114 222 215 113 109 

North District 197 162 202 158 198 198 161 163 

West " 144 132 144 132 144 144 131 132 

" South " 150 94 148 98 144 150 98 96 

Roxbury, Succasunna District 166 200 163 204 165 166 202 201 

" Port Morris " 65 58 64 59 63 64 59 59 

Washington, North District.. 93 105 91 107 93 93 105 105 

South " 120 205 128 202 124 124 205 205 

Total vote in county 7739 5793 7590 5984 7601 7604 5951 5892 

Plurality in county lO'S 1606 

Prohibition, 491 ; Soc.-Dem.. 92 ; Soc.-Lab., 35 ; People's, 58. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 423 

Ocean County. 

Elhc. Cong. Assem.- 



Bay Head 35 13 4 34 14 4 33 15 

Beach Haven 40 13 2 40 13 2 39 13 

Berkeley 96 59 7 95 59 7 94 59 

Brick, East Dist 179 109 22 179 108 23 179 108 

West " 155 47 1 155 47 1 137 62 

Dover 433 147 18 430 149 18 423 152 

Eagleswood 99 50 9 98 52 9 85 59 

Harvey Cedars 10 7 10 7 10 7 

Island Heights 44 19 4 43 19 5 42 20 

Jackson 167 177 19 167 177 19 164 180 

Lacey 117 37 2 118 36 2 114 40 

Lakewood 551 171 26 551 172 27 548 174 

Lavallette 6 4 7 4 7 4 

Little Egg Harbor 340 74 35 340 74 35 318 85 

Long Beach City 33 2 1 33 2 1 31 4 

Manchester 124 110 1 124 110 1 124 110 

Ocean 59 46 2 58 46 2 57 47 

Point Pleasant Beach 113 61 7 115 60 6 114 60 

Plumsted 215 113 3 214 113 3 211 117 

Sea Side Park 15 6 2 15 6 2 15 6 

Staflford 160 82 3 157 84 3 165 76 

Surf City 7 7 7 7 8 6 

Union 184 59 15 184 60 15 156 94 



Total vote in county 3182 UlS 183 317U U19 185 307U 1U9S 

Plurality in county 1769 1755 1576 

Social-Dem., 25 ; Social-Labor, 5 ; People's, 27. 



424 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



■P 

§ 
o 

o 



P^ 



'man o o o i o m ^ 

UI»Q «5 CO CO I ;-i o o 

'Aqdinl^ N r-> nl I XS i-H I-H 



IS 
IS 



lO lO I »~l CO 

<N<N I "ceo 



gi-l00»O I "^ 
o 00 CO I ":i 

C^N t-i ^ 






<N (N I XS CO (M < 



(M (M "QCO 



•III3/T ^ M 00 

, '"''U. CO (N (N 

'jjauai^ <M rH rH 

•d3"SI i-i 00 o 

""* a. o CD lO 

'jafSBa'j^ iM r- f-i 

'aospiABQ c<ii-(^ 



(Mr-1,-1 



sjMaq 



'J3JIB5S 



'3A313 OBA <N r, r-. 






'uosaqof N'-I'-' 






IMl-trH 



"i t- 00 I «S 'O 



SgS' 



O 05 
(M CO 
0-1 <N 



•Cit- (Mt- 



in OS o •»*< 

0005CO 
(N CM rH 






It- ©«^-vi-( eo 



t-oo I u^eo 

■^ CD I »~|(M 
(>J lO I 00 CD 

I " 



lO CO 
(N lO 



t- 05 



o> o CO 00 

CO i-l t- Ol 



i-ir^ooo I c; 
O O 00 >o ~.T 



0> CO -- t-i^ t- I 
'-^ 00 t^ oooo 



oo >o OS 
^COIN 



IS 



llHl-l <tCO( 



i^c^ "o-* 



1-1 e» I ei CO 

CD CO I 6» O 



C4 lO I QQ to 



--aoOr»< I eti 
t~eitoa> \ ^ 
(N eo^^ I «o 



CD lO "O lO I "^i 
O 00> CD I *^ 
(N(N rH I CO 



CO O CO 05 ^5 






totJ 

,-HlN 



Q- 



^ ^ 



"S 0" 



> - 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



425 






l"S I 2 «0 U5 00 00 OO CO 



'waaai;^ 



(N (M e^ W r-l 



J9IffB3^ IN « (M ■* (N 
nospiABQ CN CO <N -a^ <M 



** d IM « <N lO CO 



•O i-H M lO US ■* <N 



«*'*00O® «M 
|0 (N CQ CO 00 lO CO 
0> fH T-1 i-H 11 l-t 1-1 



C> 00 05 ^ OJ 5D >0 
«« 1-1 C^ ^ 01 »o CO 



OS o lO to 05 CO o e* ^ Ti« »«i lo « >o 
s< CO rr CO r^ 00 1-1 I o» © os co i-i c» «o 
«o (M CO sa US T*! cfl 1 »* (N 0^ T*i CO lO CO 



O5CO00COIO I eo lo lO in 00 c» ,-( «o ^ o ^ ^ < 
(N^jq |!oiqco;ro>j.sq i^siMcOiifCoi 



•(Ta-vT t- iCi CO to t- 
*^' a 05 CO 00 CO lO 



O CO 00 CD I 



w^.~-.^--^ l-<tiOiO — OOCSIN I»~IC>OCOi-iScO 
COCO<NTti<N jConcocCiOTHIN IvjIvICO^JtCOloeO 






'Q^H <M CO 00 00 00 



i-H r-c !N CO N O 05 



^5 



CO iC t-T*< (M 



oi Of t- ^ ro CD CO I '~< 00 00 eo^ N CO 

»~l lO »0 O CD 00 — I 00 -H O CO <M 1-1 CO 

t^ (N CO CO «a Tfi M I -^oj CO veococo 

I 



• in-\^T ?iciJ»uaoi-^ I «DCN|Ct;ct7C3300r^ I uOilOilCOCO^' 

inaQ ifjcoeooo oooi>.-ieoi-.<» K^cq^coooioeo 

'UOSUqOf =^"=^'^'^'^ U* (N O^ CO <N lO CO Oi^^rHr-lS.-l 

•r?->xT eOr-lp^JNlO le^COOOOSOSCOeO IOQCOfHOOOSCOO 

uaX t-coooco-ji lojoeooocot-^ oooo<>J^05<o 

'iTDM^ir^ '^'^"^ *** |lO01C0lOlO^<N e^CNeO^COlOCO 

jBJDomarj (mcdcd^c^ cocoootitNo ooriieoi^ooJSeo 

'^ (N(N04eOr-. e^ i-l(N CO (N lO •* 00 rH S r5 r-c S 1-H 



nBOtiqndaM t~<yioait~ |>cicot*<'*f^cooo i*5Neooooir*<oo 

(N r5 M TT (N Co oq CO CO la T)< ffl »5 N CO ■<»< CO CO CO 



I (N CO "Ji lO 



Q- 



426 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



•uinQ 



m <r> -^ i^ 

TO M C<3 -f 



•■O »»« 30 I 08 eO — C'l 

~T 5J (N I "^ •»« m CI 



r ~ '£ iTj ci ■^ ty. 
C-. M V «0 -^ ^ 



i3apjB9 



*-i OS 00 eo 
US CO (M S-l 



«*00 O 5D 00 « 
■^^ m in rc -f O 
OS M^ lO ^ ^ 



(D 

:3 
.S 

o 

O 

I 

>5 
-p 

;3 
o 
O 



■UI3Q 

•day 

•day 
'aospiABQ 

•dan 

'StMST 

•day 

•U13Q 

'aA3j3 uB^\ 

•day 
'aa;>l3I\[ 



O O lO lO 

eocoeo-* 



M to 00 r~ 

(N<N CO 



■O C) ;^ o 

<N ^5 r- •«< 



3 i~ cs C5 



S^ iC N 

00 M OS 



o t- in 



f^ •>>< C 00 
^» O 00 5^ 
«i ^ (M N 



O i~ C; C5 er; CO ^ 



•-I iffi OS t~ 

•* 00 cs cs 
M <H CO 



■* 00 CS CS <^i O lO 



Oi-ii-i 



r: c<i CO 'J' 



— 1 OlMCO 
ao o r- 
Ol COi 



ao O (M — I SJ 



MiO 

t-to 



•maa 

'uosaqof 

•day 



o e^ -J e« 

00 o ic r- 

CO CO CO ^ 



•OHBioouiaQ 



CO'*'^ o 
lO 1— I cs t- 
CO CO CO ■* 



(N<N CO 



ill 



I 50^. 



»> 5£> lO 00 

|l t-H «0 OO 



"-■s 00 •<* o m oj 

^ O lO -fl" •* CS 
31 e»3 TJ< Id 'IT' •«»" 



> OS «0 P! 50 OO 

I "O •»*< oo c; oc 



50 — 1-1 »- C-J 7^ 



CS t- <M — 1 £0 C« 



©■! lO us O 

ei j-H 00 lo 



>*-- M OS 



St O 00 Tti 



>--5 00 C^ 00 
^ I— «0 00 



f^ -- r- t- 00 m 

»-s lO iq c-1 ■^ CS 

cs CO -"ti lO f rr 



•«j. cs I r^ «c 



<3 Mt-oooi 

00 t-t-OC<I < 
eOrHr-CMeOt 



o ose<i^<M M 
«2 lo CO e>5 •^ <-; 
C5 CO '»' "O ^ in 



TP •-I I CO lO 



6^ 00 •-■«*< O • 
;? -X) (>• OS O t _ 

60 « rH ,- CO 01 



^?;Dr»ooao !~^* 



S-5 OS 



cc m 50 01 1- -! 

I >= as •»}< 00 cs OS 

j 60 m-l ^ C^ :^ 



; iM CO ,-. <N ! 



J3 • 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



■marr >o <a t~ a 01 ^ y^ ti c. — -^ 



•irra/T ot-icot-ocio-^— <t- 
•"^Q ^»co(^^oo•c«c^-•q.Ti<tt>^^ 



■i3ISB3;H 



aospiA^Q 



>-< <N M CO M ;-j n- jr; rt 



I c<i cc e<5 cj c^ >—■>«< ^ CO 



'SIAST; -"^ WMCNiMr-rr-iOO 



"^a oooa5cot-ooco<oc;oS 

aa^DJ^ '""-' CO t-l (M (N r^ CO CO 



I 00 00 



o 2 



W75 






'nosaqof 






"'*a. O — I-CO-MOOO-^ — o— I 

'liBMajg^-' COr01MC<IrH^r-eO 



r-l ,_,-,_,-, Cq;HO^ 100 



o---ococoao^dS©' 

r^?< eOCO<N!Ni-i-ilr5< 









r- O « — 1 



c ^=^= ar-i « 
o 2 rt5 o ., 11 



u: fc, 



CJ 5 



o >> 



CO o 



M CO O 



1^ 



c « 
o <« 



428 ELECTION RETURNS. 

Salem County. 

Elec. Cong. 



S- i 2 g&i 5Q ^ci: -§(]< ^a 

AUoway 146 255 28 143 258 28 135 269 

Elsinboro 66 58 1 67 57 1 66 58 

Elmer 110 160 21 102 165 22 106 164 

Lower Alloways Creek 215 114 9 200 131 9 203 130 

Lower Penns Neck 141 199 23 140 200 22 138 201 

Mannington 289 144 8 290 144 8 278 156 

Oldmans 179 168 9 176 168 8 177 166 

Pennsgrove 243 226 21 240 230 21 256 217 

Pilesgrove 270 163 12 266 162 263 169 

Pittsgrove 182 231 9 184 229 10 182 2.33 

Quinton 217 102 11 217 102 11 218 101 

Upper Penns Neck 59 152 7 59 152 7 63 146 

" Pittsgrove 278 203 17 265 212 17 257 223 

Woodstown 247 108 35 239 118 33 238 123 



26U1 2283 211 2588 2S2S 197 2580 2856 

City of Salem, E. Ward, 1st Prec. 157 116 9 158 124 7 158 120 

2d " 307 230 33 282 259 29 297 248 

" W. Ward, 1st Prec. 173 141 9 163 148 9 169 145 

2d " 121 211 9 108 224 9 121 217 



758 698 60 711 755 5U 7h5 7S0 

Total vote in county 3399 2981 271 3299 3083 251 3325 3096 

Plurality in county U18 216 239 

Social-Democratic, 33 ; Social-Labor, 9 ; People's, 17. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 429 

Somerset County. 

Elec. Cong Assem.- 



S- i 2 i(^ feO So^ §^ =Q 

Bedminster 170 312 15 172 304 15 172 311 

Bernards, 1st Dist 307 285 6 309 278 6 306 286 

2d " 99 110 2 99 110 2 99 111 

Branchburg, 1st Dist 88 63 1 80 71 93 58 

2d " 79 56 5 79 56 5 79 56 

Bridgewater,lst " 310 148 14 293 167 12 309 153 

2d " 218 150 14 221 145 13 223 145 

3d " 168 157 1 161 159 1 161 161 

4th " 310 213 11 304 213 11 314 208 

5th '• 230 132 1 218 139 1 218 143 

" 6th " 55 69 7 54 69 7 66 66 



203U 1695 77 1990 1711 73 2030 1698 

Bound Brook Borough 330 209 18 340 194 18 309 219 

Franklin, 1st Dist. 176 108 1 176 107 1 173 108 

2d " 218 157 18 222 149 18 212 165 

" 3d '• 139 63 139 63 139 63 

Hillsboro, 1st " 184 123 5 195 110 5 189 118 

2d " 171 87 4 171 86 4 174 85 

Millstone Borough 38 18 38 18 38 18 

Montgomery 188 126 1 191 123 193 119 

Reeky Hill Borough 48 28 48 28 47 29 

North Plainfield Township 95 52 10 91 56 10 92 54 

Bor., 1st Dist.... 390 187 20 388 190 19 387 191 

•' 2d " .... 327 185 12 327 184 12 325 189 

Warren 100 146 4 100 143 4 101 145 



Total vote in county 4438 3184 170 4416 3162 164 4409 3201 

Plurality in county 1258 125U 1208 

Soc -Dem ,50; Soc -Labor, 12; People's, 25. 



430 ELECTION RETURNS. 



Sussex County. 

-Elect.- -Cong.- — Sen. Asskm.- 



S- ^ i30< |Q rtCr^ SQ g»J oQ 

Andover 53 196 52 197 63 181 62 187 

Brooklyn 39 11 35 15 27 23 38 12 

Byram 174 119 176 118 172 121 178 115 

Branchville 73 72 71 74 69 77 83 62 

Deckertown 189 144 188 145 211 121 201 133 

Frankford 108 156 108 155 125 1.36 136 127 

Green 74 95 64 105 77 92 83 87 

Hampton 75 149 75 149 94 129 96 129 

Hardyston 399 285 391 294 358 324 394 290 

Lafayette 108 101 109 100 108 101 110 98 

Montague 75 110 75 110 100 84 93 92 

Newton, 1st Dist 256 215 259 210 261 207 268 197 

2d " 310 354 317 351 326 342 339 330 

Sandyston 110 372 108 169 142 185 149 135 

Sparta North Dist 144 133 139 136 139 136 146 130 

South " 133 152 133 154 129 156 134 149 

Stillwater 103 214 103 215 108 207 112 205 

Vernon 220 216 221 217 223 214 220 219 

Wallpack 33 81 33 81 65 47 67 46 

Wantage, North Dist 96 195 94 195 153 136 151 136 

South " 103 226 103 225 128 201 119 209 

Total vote in county 2875 3396 2854 3415 3078 3170 3179 3088 

Plurality in county 521 561 92 91 



Soc.-Dem., 139 ; Soc.-Lab., 10 ; People's, 10. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



431 



Union County. 



Elizabeth— 
1st Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 
3d " . 



2d Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



3d Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



4th Ward, 1st Dist 
2d " ., 



5th Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



6th Ward, 1st Dist 
2d " . 



7th Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



8th Ward, 1st DUt. 
2d " . 
3d " . 



9th Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



10th Ward. 1st Dist. 

11th Ward, 1st Dist., 
2d " . 



12th Ward, 1st Dist. 
2d " . 



ECTO 

t 

t 
t 

7- 
a 


RS.- -Congress.- 

1 

fa s 




-eg* 

U2 


-Assembly.- 

bio 
B 

•H 

1^ 1^ 


1° 




71 
102 
100 


207 
256 
133 


71 
101 
99 


207 
257 
134 


69 
99 
98 


69 
100 
99 


69 
99 
99 


211 
265 
136 


208 
256 
134 


208 
256 
134 


275 
127 
196 


596 
275 
157 


271 
124 
192 


593 
277 
161 


266 
124 
185 


268 
123 
188 


267 
123 
194 


61£ 
281 
175 


598 
278 
160 


59S 
277 
158 


S25 
193 
295 


hS2 
333 
196 


316 
194 
296 


331 
195 


309 
190 

284 


311 
189 
291 


317 
178 
284 


h56 
357 
222 


US8 
332 
195 


US5 
332 
196 


215 
217 


529 
204 
131 


213 
214 


526 
206 
134 


211 
211 


>i50 
214 
211 


213 
205 


579 
210 
147 


537 
203 
135 


528 
203 
135 


h52 
321 
203 


5S5 
166 
113 


A27 
220 
202 


suo 

168 
114 


U22 
313 
198 


U25 
319 
200 


313 
201 


557 
188 
124 


338 
165 
113 


555 
167 
113 


524 
183 
193 


279 
184 
100 


522 
182 
188 


2S2 
185 
108 


511 
176 
186 


519 
178 
192 


51U 
174 
190 


312 
199 
109 


27S 
188 
106 


280 
188 
105 


S76 
174 
213 


221 
121 


S70 
172 
212 


293 
223 
123 


362 
167 
212 


370 
169 
211 


S6U 
170 
209 


308 
236 
126 


29k 
222 
124 


295 
222 
123 


S87 
318 
245 

287 


Sl,2 
133 
121 
345 


S8U 
319 
250 
283 


3!^ 
132 
117 
349 


379 
315 
240 
276 


550 
314 
244 
283 


319 
310 
241 
279 


552 
148 
129 
363 


3m 

133 
123 
347 


3h5 
131 
121 
347 


850 
272 
209 


599 
176 
217 


852 
272 
206 


598 
176 
220 


831 

268 
206 


8U1 
268 
204 


830 
268 
197 


6hO 
178 
236 


605 
179 
224 


599 
180 
220 


U81 
445 


S9S 
135 


m 

439 


S96 
137 


U7U 
442 


U72 
442 


!S5 
437 


UlU 
139 


U03 
137 


400 
138 



111 

78 


361 

262 


113 
81 


384 

261 


360 
261 


356 
261 


103 

83 


106 
81 


106 

82 


189 
51 
165 


623 
279 
182 


19h 
52 
164 


6U5 
277 
172 


621 
277 
180 


617 
274 
178 


186 
54 
171 


257 
52 
167 


188 
51 
167 



263 

625 
280 
181 



U61 216 1,61 216 U!i9 U57 U52 225 219 218 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

Union County— Continued. 

-Electors.- -Congress. Assbmblt.- 



3 ^ . . 1 

2 g fed .a «d jj-d tTfi gS «E -d 

2* I l«« |o «P< gf^ §« i« so .a« 

Fanwood Borough 61 16 69 18 59 60 69 18 18 

Linden Borough 46 26 46 26 45 44 45 28 27 

Mountainside Borough... 50 30 51 29 49 49 48 30 30 

New Providence Borough 74 49 74 49 74 74 74 49 49 

Rosalie Borough 300 76 301 75 294 295 297 76 78 

Clark Township 56 47 56 47 66 66 66 48 47 

Cranford Township 416 175 402 190 364 399 404 176 238 

Fanwood Township 187 96 184 100 185 185 187 97 98 

Linden Township 82 61 82 61 80 82 68 76 62 

New Providence Twp 34 37 82 38 34 34 34 37 37 

Springfield Township 149 77 148 77 149 147 148 77 77 

Plainfield— 

1st Ward, 1st Dist 383 138 379 142 383 382 379 138 137 139 

2d " 147 61 147 61 147 147 147 61 61 61 

SSO 199 526 £03 6S0 5Z9 626 199 198 200 

2d Ward, 1st Dist 429 115 424 123 423 424 424 119 12:^ 124 

" 2d " 162 43 162 43 162 162 162 43 43 43 

391 158 586 166 685 586 686 162 166 167 

3d Ward, 1st Dist 424 108 410 120 423 427 425 110 111 110. 

2d " 144 41 143 43 145 145 145 41 41 41 

568 U9 655 163 668 572 670 151 152 151 

4th Ward, 1st Dist 277 171 274 175 277 277 276 174 173 173 

2d " 291 153 287 156 291 291 291 154 153 153 

3d *• 226 104 226 104 226 226 224 106 103 104 

79U U28 787 1,35 79U 79k 791 USU U29 USO 

Rahway, 1st Ward 198 199 196 201 196 195 195 204 201 201 

2d " 214 214 215 213 211 209 213 221 215 216 

" 3d " 303 167 299 172 2W8 297 296 175 172 172 

4th •• 220 122 219 122 209 218 218 132 122 122 

5th " 

Summit Twp.. 1st Dist... 
2d " ... 

Union Twp., 1st Dist 

2d " 

3d " 



169 


97 


169 


97 


169 


167 


169 


99 


97 


97 


llOk 
328 
318 


799 
167 
228 


1098 
326 
318 


805 
159 
229 


1083 
327 
316 


1086 
326 
318 


1091 
327 
318 


8S1 
158 

225 


S07 
158 
228 


S08 
168 
228 


6k6 
251 
114 
171 


385 
101 
103 
55 


6UU 
248 
114 
170 


388 

105 

103 

58 


6U3 
246 
113 
169 


6UU 
248 
114 
170 


6U5 
245 
114 
170 


383 
110 
IfiS 

67 


386 
108 
108 
68 


3S6 
106 
103 
59 


636 
301 
333 


259 
103 
167 


632 
295 
330 


266 
109 
168 


628 
294 
319 


632 
283 
313 


62Q 
293 
321 


no 

107 
170 


269 
104 
171 


268 
121 

207 



Westfield Twp., 1st Dist.. 
2d " .. 

Total Vote in Co. 12523 7666 12419 7777 12297 12350 12294 8009 7811 7800 

Plurality in Co... IS57 k6h2 

Prohibition, 317 ; Soc.-Dem., 494; Soc.-Lab., 220; People's, 30. 



ELECTION RETURNS. 433 

"Warren County. 

— Elec. Con, Assembly. 



S* g iJPi |q gp^ §Pi cQ ^Q 

AUamuchy 93 74 102 65 93 92 74 75 

Belvidere 237 220 235 221 236 237 212 213 

Blairstown 163 213 163 217 163 161 214 213 

Franklin 94 186 92 191 93 92 188 190 

Frelinghuysen 109 102 107 104 107 107 104 104 

Greenwich 102 135 102 135 HI 102 126 135 

Hackettstown, 1st District 120 152 117 154 119 119 153 151 

2d " 159 135 155 140 157 154 137 139 

Hardwick 32 64 33 65 33 33 64 64 

Harmony 86 166 87 165 86 86 165 166 

Hope 136 167 137 163 136 135 168 164 

Independence 82 119 82 118 81 80 118 118 

Knowlton 99 227 102 227 103 103 227 225 

Lopatcong 154 252 153 254 192 147 247 221 

Mansfield 104 217 101 219 102 143 207 177 

Oxford, 1st District 82 240 84 236 83 83 239 238 

2d " 132 225 156 204 130 137 222 220 

Pahaquarry 12 56 12 57 1.2 13 56 56 

1997 2950 2020 2935 2037 202U 2921 2869 

Phillipsburg, 1st Ward 255 283 258 282 265 248 286 275 

2d " 177 347 199 325 193 171 346 333 

" 3d " 236 183 234 185 237 233 183 183 

4th " 144 272 158 257 181 141 264 237 

5th " 167 265 171 262 175 165 260 261 



979 1350 1020 1311 1051 958 1339 1289 

Pohatcong 214 183 213 186 210 212 186 181 

Washington Boro , East Dist 150 255 160 246 151 153 252 250 

" West " 171 259 167 375 168 174 258 250 

Township 77 222 78 222 76 76 223 217 



Total vote in county 3588 5219 3648 5175 3693 3597 5179 5058 

Plurality in county 1631 1527 lh86 lh59 

Prohibition, 388 ; Social-Democratic, 72 ; Social-Labor, 9 ; People's, 12. 



Total Number of Election Precincts in the State, by- 
Counties. 

Atlantic 28 ! Middlesex 42 

Bergen 62 Monmouth 55 

Burlington ..> 42 Morris 44 

Camden 86 Ocean 23 

Cape May 16 Passaic 54 

Cumberland 33 Salem 18 

Essex 156 Somerset 24 

Gloucester 20 Sussex 21 

Hudson 168 Union 57 

Hunterdon 27 Warren 27 

Mercer 58 

28 Total 1061 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Averag-e Vote for Electors -By Counties. 

° -6 Pluralities. 



S-^ 



COUNTIES. 



^ .1 <«■ 



o P< 

Atlantic 9178 

Bergen 16155 

Burlington 14648 

Camden 24838 

Cape May.. 3590 

Cumberland. ... 1162.5 

Essex 74172 

Gloucester 7824 

Hudson 73574 

Hunterdon 9520 

Mercer 22733 

Middlesex 17126 

Monmouth 19703 

Morris 14319 

Ocean 4877 

Passaic 29769 

Salem 6768 

Somerset 7941 

Sussex 6531 

Union 21426 

Warren 9555 





3 
V 


V 


11 




1 


m 


Pi 


Q 


;z; 


110 


6122 


2566 


277 


49 


9 


105 


9086 


6456 


1C5 


179 


50 


106 


8381 


5476 


507 


76 


10 


147 


16148 


7281' 


653 


21') 


48 


6 


2241 


1110 


186 


11 


7 


52 


6780 


4036 


642 


66 


14 


603 


45318 


25735 


544 1003 


617 


38 


4471 


2829 


342 


87 


12 


557 


32341 


38025 


303 1373 


515 


44 


3873 


5136 


.312 


34 


8 


169 


13874 


7858 


450 


210 


38 


136 


9348 


7191 


216 


90 


54 


143 


10363 


8568 


419 


63 


43 


70 


7739 


5793 


490 


92 


35 


29 


3182 


1414 


183 


25 


5 


146 


15619 


12891 


259 


337 


349 


32 


3398 


2981 


272 


32 


9 


40 


4438 


3183 


170 


50 


12 


38 


2874 


3395 


138 


52 


10 


119 


12522 


7665 


317 


494 


220 


61 


3589 


5219 


388 


72 


9 





^ Q 


23 


3556 


28 


2630 


33 


2905 


43 


8867 


8 


1131 


24 


2744 


77 


18583 


22 


1642 


21 , 


6684 


17 


1263 


68 


6016 


39 


2157 


58 


1795 


68 


1946 


27 


1768 


28 


2728 


18 


417 


25 


1255 


10 , 


521 


30 


4857 


12 , 


1630 



Total... 405874 2751 221707 164808 7183 4609 2074 669 65997 

Plurality 56899 56899 



For Congress. 



First District. 



Pluralities. 



COUNTIES, d S 

Camden 15756 

Cape May 2186 

Cumberland 6502 

Gloucester 4199 

Salem 3299 



o 

7668 
1177 
4248 



2XZ 



531 
181 
627 






193 
10 
54 



57 

1 

23 

13 

7 



1009 

2264 

1206 

216 



31942 
Plurality 12773 



19169 1928 



374 



101 12773 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



436 



Second Distri 



Pluralities. 



COUNTIES. S 

e « D 

Atlantic 6040 

Burlington 8398 

Mercer 13747 

Ocean 3174 

31359 
Plurality 14008 



2587 
5471 
7874 
1419 

17351 



.2 




^1 


•-> 


W 


280 


45 


11 


507 


66 


12 


447 


282 


47 


185 


25 


5 



1419 



418 



Third District. 



COUNTIES. .S= -a ^il g| 

i^a 2£«S J-E- .2^ 

JJ''^^'"^^- 9438 "*7I03 ^ 192 gfi 

J^^^'^o^th 10432 8516 412 66 

Somerset 4416 3162 164 38 

p, ,. 24286 18781 768 190 

Plurality„ 5505 ° '^" 

Fourth District. 



75 



2^ 

(ni-I 



o 

63 
43 
12 

108 



Pi Q 

3453 

2927 

5873 

1755 

14008 



Pluralities. 



^ Q 

2335 

1916 .... 

1254 .' 

5505 



COUNTIES. ^ 

Hunterdon 3925 

Morris 7590 

Sussex 2854 

Warren 3643 

D. ,. 18017 

Plurality., 












5087 
5984 
3415 
5175 

196G1 
1G44 



254 
477 
134 
390 

1255 



£J>S o 

o 

24 



Fifth District. 



^; Pluralities, 
o 

fa 0^ Q 

J 1162 

37 1606 

1« 561 

9 1527 

G4 1606 3250 
1644 



COUNTIES. 

« ^ d 
j; 4j (u 

^^■■gen ^8957 

Passaic 15366 

D. ,• 24323 

Plurality 4615 



B^ ^rtd E 

to . •= e^ *'Q 

c-^v .«ort a:>'" 

6614 162 178 

13094 268 336 

19708 430 514 



•< a 



45 
350 



395 



Pluralities. 



o. E 

2343 

2272 

4615 31 



436 



ET.ECTION RETURNS. 



Sixth District. 















Plura 


ilities. 


COUNTIES. 




«'f . 




lj 










III 


Ill 


l2| 


P^l 


1^1 




S 




Pi 


O 


Pt! 


H 


S 


fsi 


Q 


Essex (part of)... 
Plurality 


... 32830 


19477 


395 


848 


534 


1.3353 




... 13353 















Seventh District. 



Pluralities. 



count.es .^11 .. ,o 

Hudson (part of)... 30472 33713 303 1336 479 10 

Plurality 3241 



Q 
3241 



Seventh District. 
(To Fill Vacancy.) 



Pluralities. 



COUNTIES. 



-SgS- co§ SGo-o 
I3>pi ^aSQ 6K^ 

20 



Hudson (part of)... 30472 33898 
Plurality „ 3426 



u 

o 

3426 



Eighth District. 



Pluralities. 



COUNTIES. ^ ^-^ 



Essex (part of) 12072 

Hudson (part of)... 2630 
Union 12419 



in 

< 

w 

6683 
3050 

7777 



>>9. 



I c 4-. 



151 

42 

308 






140 

46 

484 



87 

17 

223 



D. E 
5389 



4642 



27121 17510 
Plurality 9611 



501 



670 



327 



10031 
9611 



ELECTION RETURNS. 

Popular Vote for President, 1900. 



Alabama 53,669 

Arkansas 44,800 

California 164,755 

Colorado 93,072 

Connecticut 102,572 

Delaware 22^560 

Florida 7 499 

Georgia 35^036 

Idaho 27,198 

Illinois 597,985 

Indiana 336,063 

Iowa 307,808 

Kansas 185,955 

Kentucky.... 226,801 

Louisiana 14 233 

Elaine 65^435 

Maryland 136,212 

Massachusetts 239,147 

Michigan 316!269 

Minnesota 190,461 

Mississippi 5^753 

Missouri 314,093 

Montana 25,373 

Nebraska 121,835 

Nevada 3,849 

New Hampshire 54,798 

New Jersey 221,707 

New York 821,992 

North Carolina 133^081 

North Dakota 35'89I 

Ohio 543^918 

Oregon 40,526 

Pennsylvania 712,665 

Rhode Island 33,784 

South Carolina. 3',525 

South Dakota.. 54,530 

lennessee 123,008 

Texas_ 1.30,641 

Utah 47,089 

Verment 42,569 

Virginia 115,865 

Washington 57,457 

West Virginia 119,851 

Wisconsin 265,866 

Wyoming 14,482 

7.217,677 



96.368 
81,142 
124,985 
122,733 
74,014 
18,863 
28,007 
81,700 
29,414 
503,061 
309,584 
209,265 
162,601 
234,899 
53,671 
36,832 
122,271 
157,016 
211.685 
112,901 
51,706 
351,913 
37,146 
114,013 
6,347 
35,489 
164,808 
678,386 
157,752 
20,519 
474,882 
33,.385 
424,232 
19,812 
47,283 
39,544 
145,250 
277,432 
44,949 
12,849 
146,080 
44,833 
98,791 
159,285 
10,164 



1,407 

584 

5,024 

3,790 

1,617 

546 

2,239 

1,396 

857 

17,626 

13,718 

9,502 

3,605 

2,429 

'2*585 
4,582 
6,208 
11,859 
8,5.55 



3,797 

972 



1,090 
4,584 

213 
1.141 
1,438 

613 

'2',bl7 



1,644 
4,244 



5,963 

298 

3,686 1,104 



1.271 

7,183 
22,043 

1,009 

731 

10,203 

2,536 
27,908 

1,529 

"i',542 

3,900 

2,644 

205 

383 

2,150 

2,345 

1,586 

10,124 



7,572 
684 

1,029 
57 
603 



9.687 
2,374 
2,742 
1,6C5 
760 



908 
9,716 
2,826 
3,065 

*6*128 
708 
823 



830 
110 
251 
275 
638 



1,368 
20,981 



367 
"279 



518 
4,847 
1,494 
4,831 



169 

410 

1,846 

717 



1,906 

286 
7,095 



714 

908 



1,373 
663 
259 



391 
2,610 

903 
1,329 

'i*,294 
116 



2,074 
12,622 



2,936 
1,423 



162 



524 



6,357,883 207,3 



50,188 



,552 33,450 



438 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Average Vote by Counties for Members of the 
G-eneral Assembly — 1900. 



Atlantic 6062 

Bergen 8925 

Burlington 8372 

Camden... 16064 

Cape May ... 2228 

Cumberland 6676 

Essex 45025 

Gloucester « 4482 

Hudson 31446 

Hunterdon 3880 

Mercer 13526 

Middlesex 9260 

Monmouth 10281 

Morris 7603 

Ocean 3074 

Passaic 15615 

Salem 3325 

Somerset 4409 

Sussex 3179 

Unon 12314 

Warren 3645 






Pluralities. 



E 

a 

2005 
6589 
5491 
7346 
1044 
4064 

25980 
2808 

38670 
5120 
7805 
7282 
8562 
5922 
1498 

12764 
3086 
3209 
3090 
7856 
5117 



283 

194 182 

475 

554 215 

186 

646 

564 992 
332 

345 i'390 

304 

463 341 

206 79 

415 

493 87 

159 

267 338 

248 

164 

124 52 

317 484 



a S 

o V V 

c^ Oi Q 

3457 

2.336 

2881 

8718 

1184 

2612 

627 19045 

1674 

491 7224 

1241 

5721 

1978 

1719 

1681 

1576 

351 2851 

239 

1200 

89 

223 4458 

1472 



219391 165908 7144 4221 1692 63419 9936 
Plurality 55^5 5Si83 

Total number of names on poll-books 405874 

Ballots rejected .. 2751 



ELECTION RETURNS. 



Vote for Governor, 1898. 



COUNTIES. 



Atlantic 4107 

Bergen 6964 

Burlington 6819 

Camden 10912 

Cape May 1726 

Cumberland 5443 

Essex 32262 

Gloucester. 3772 

Hudson 22134 

Hunterdon 3182 

Mercer 10028 

Middlesex 6949 

Monmouth 8108 

Morris 6526 

Ocean 2753 

Passaic 11147 

Salem 3109 

Somerset 3529 

Sussex 2452 

Union 9272 

Warren 2857 



W 
2830 
6365 
5437 
6807 
1166 
3766 

27575 
2958 

33023 
4856 
8711 
7647 
9193 
5791 
1319 

10418 
2927 
3182 
3165 
7033 
4393 



^ja, oigx uoiP^ 
H S £ 



266 
85 



160 
586 
647 
256 
294 
369 
491 
147 
364 
527 
117 
262 
278 
171 
191 
265 
499 



14 
165 

17 
124 



1207 

4 

1796 

17 

111 

152 

23 

56 

6 

1161 

■ 9 

12 

11 

516 

23 



Pluralities. 



il u 



609 




1382 





4105 




560 




1677 




4687 





814 






10889 




1674 


1317 






698 




1085 


735 




1434 




729 




182 




347 






713 


2239 






1536 



164051 158552 6893 5458 

Plurality 3!^99 

Total number votes on poll books, 338,967. 
Total number rejected ballots, 2,261. 



491 22094 16595 
5U99 



440 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

Second annual 
MESSAGE OF GOVERNOR VOORHEES. 



Gentlemen of the Senate and General Assembly: 

The legislative session upon which you now enter is the 
first of the new century. The result of your labors will 
equal in importance that of the men who met to make the 
laws for the State a hundred years ago. In many ways 
your duties are more trying. Affairs of larger import 
invite your attention. In number the people have increased 
nearly tenfold. Their wants are more numerous; their 
interests are more conflicting. Problems equally delicate, 
if not more important, demand consideration and solution 
at your hands. 

The Union then comprised sixteen States. Our State was 
thirteenth in point of area and ranked tenth in population. 
Now the forty-second in size, it is the sixteenth in number 
of its people, and in density it is third. Its people then 
were mainly engaged in the pursuits of agriculture. Gov- 
ernmental needs were few and simple. The thirteen coun- 
ties, sparsely settled, were divided into 110 townships, with 
a government common to all, simple in form and differing 
only slightly in details. Few were the cities or towns, and, 
such as they were, they were not large in population. Now 
two of cur cities each outnumber in population that of the 
entire State at that time. The counties have increased to 
twenty-one, and the municipalities now number 425. 

The varying forms of government have each their pecu- 
liar needs or interests, and preferences demanding j^our 
special consideration. The laws for 1801 were fifty-two in 
number. In 1900 they were 198, notwithstanding the exer- 
cise of a watchful care against all useless legislation. 

At the beginning of the century the needs of the State 
government were limited, and the number of officers and 
departments small. Only $25,000, or thereabouts, were suf- 
ficient for the needs of the State. This came from taxes 
directly imposed on the people, the only method then 
known. We find our supply in other sources. Direct taxes 
are now levied only for the support of free public schools. 
How vastly in amount the revenues have increased will 
appear from the following table: 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 441 

RECEIPTS OF STATE FUND, 1900. 

Board of Fish and Game Commissioners $125 00 

Clerk in Chancery 45,749 23 

Clerk of the Supreme Court 44,115 99 

Collateral Inheritance Tax 177.074 54 

Commissioner of Banking and Insurance 60,576 13 

Commissions 9,330 00 

Delaware Bay and Maurice River Cove Oyster 

Commission 14,757 71 

Discharged Convicts 238 50 

Dividends 18,870 00 

Geological Survey 303 72 

Judicial Fees 22,S29 54 

Secretary of State 404,429 94 

Sinking Fund Account 35,000 00 

State Board of Health 316 89 

State Dairy Commissioner 4.131 40 

State House Commission 314 69 

State Prison Receipts 91,634 40 

Supreme Court 200 00 

Spanish-American War 120,018 23 

State Tax from Railroad Corporations. $1,112, 449 49 
Less amount allotted to taxing dis- 
tricts pursuant to Act approved 

March 31, 1897 203,619 39 908,830 10 

Tax from Miscellaneous Corporations 1,494,719 70 

A total for the year ending October 31, 1900, of . .$3,453,295 71 

With an increase in number of the different departments 
of government, each requiring its quota of ofRcials, and 
with a rapid growth in the number of objects for which 
expenditures are demanded by a higher and more complex 
form of government, the amount annually expended to 
meet the needs of the State has enormously increased. 
Last year the public moneys were paid on 105 different ac- 
counts, comprising 460 different items, all connected with 
the orderly management of the State's affairs. 

THE ORDINARY DISBURSEMENTS OF STATE FUND 
For the year ending Oct. 31, 1900, amounted to. .. .$2,102,113 85 

Besides these disbursements there were special and un- 
usual expenses, which were first anticipated in the year 
lireceding, or were incurred in the erection of new or the 
improvement of old buildings and property of the State. 
The amount of these expenditures and the purpose for 
which devoted will appear in the following statement: 



442 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

EXTRAORDINARY DISBURSEMENTS, VM). 

Rahway Reformatory %2m.fM W 

Morris Plains Hospital (new building, etc.) 132,801 76 

Newark Armory 50,000 00 

State House Extension 46,000 00 

Village for Epileptics 34,496 57 

Riparian Lands 20,575 52 

State Home for Girls (new building, etc.) 15,000 00 

Home for Disabled Soldiers, Sailors, Marines and 

their Wives (improvements) 12.096 30 

Delaware Bay and Maurice River Cove Oyster 

Commission (survey) 8,299 34 

Home for Feeble-minded Women (new building) 7,002 25 

State Home for Boys (new building) 5,000 00 

Assembly Committee of Investigation 2.94138 

Palisades 2.500 00 

Bradley's New Jersey Citations 1,500 00 

Total $599,115 12 

Notwithstanding the large amount of money so paid, the 
income of the State exceeded its outgo. 

RECEIPTS OYER DISBURSEMENTS. 

The gross receipts for the year ending October 

31, 1900, were $3,453 295 71 

The gross disbursements for the same year were 2,701,226 97 

Showing an excess of receipts over disburse- 
ments for the year of $752.068 74 

This excess, together with the previous balance which 
the State fortunately possessed, forms a large fund with 
which it may meet its future liabilities. The size of the 
fund may be understood from the next statement and the 
remarks that follow. 

THE STATE FUND. 

The receipts during the year ending October 31, 

1900, were $3,453,295 71 

The balance in bank November 1, 1899, was 1,253,153 42 



The total was $4,706,449 13 

The disbursements, ordinary and extraordinary 
for the same time were 2,701,226 97 

Showing a balance in bank Nov. 1, 19(X), of $2,005,222 16 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 443 

The Comptroller estimates that the receipts during the 
coming- year will be $3,009,370. This amount, added to the 
above balance, will furnish the fund from which to pay the 
appropriations for 1901, made at the last session, and 
amounting to $2,234,940.32, and the supplemental appropria- 
tions, if any, which you may make. 



STATE'S OUTSTANDING INDEBTEDNESS. 

Aside from the liability last mentioned, the indebtedness 
of the State is only $119,000. To meet this it has funds the 
market value of which is $505,716, and further assets valued 
at $207,526.45, which constitute a sinking fund. 

The comparison of the State's present financial condition 
with that at the beginning of the century will afford some 
degree of satisfaction. In due time, when the policy adopt- 
ed by it is understood, and ignorance and prejudice give 
way to a clearer and less passionate consideration, the full 
measure of praise will be accorded to those who have di- 
rected and shaped its policy in this regard, and judiciously 
husbanded its resources. 

SOME ITEMS CAUSING INCREASE. 

As will be seen, the increase in cost of State govern- 
ment has been great. But we are not justified in hastily 
concluding that there has been an extravagant or unwar- 
ranted expenditure. Some explanation for the larger 
amount required is found in the increase of people, in the 
greater number of officers now necessary for the efficient 
conduct of affairs, and in the gradual growth in number of 
multiplying objects calling for payment. Many of these 
were unknown at the beginning of the century, and found 
no place in government. Now they are accepted as neces- 
sary for the safe and orderly administration of a progres- 
sive State. To abolish some would meet with general dis- 
approval; to discontinue the support of others would either 
be impossible, or result in disorganization. Enlightened 
selfishness demands their continuance. 

A few may be used to illustrate the proposition, and at 
the same time indicate how steady has been the progress 
of the State in all that characterizes a humane, a generous 
and an enlightened people. The work done, the expense 
thereof to the State, and the condition of the departments 
chosen for this purpose will at the same time be seen. 

Free common schools throughout the entire State were 
first established in the year 1871. To-day all children, of 



444 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

parents foreign or native, may (and between the years of 
seven and twelve must) avail themselves of the education 
there accorded. Three hundred and twenty-two thousand 
five hundred and seventy-five children attended these 
schools during the year, and $2,333,550 were raised and spent 
for their education. Nearly $.50,000 were spent for the Nor- 
mal and Model schools, where those intending to teach are 
taught. The fund— the income of which is used for school 
purposes— derived from various sources, amounted to 
$3,690,682.62 at the close of the year. 

The School for the Deaf was founded in 1882. At the close 
of the year 133 pupils were receiving the special training 
there given, at a cost to the State for the year of $43,0(m). 

For the purposes of industrial education the outlay was 
$43,192.80. 

When the century began the insane were housed in hovels 
and huts, with little and insufficient care for their well- 
being and physical comfort. Slight or little regard was had 
for their restoration. They were not then the wards of the 
State. Now they are confined in asylums and are given the 
care which humanity demands. The State maintains the 
indigent. They numbered in October last, in both the State 
and County Asylums, 4,423, and cost the State the sum of 
$357,216.79. The buildings where they find ^shelter and com- 
fort were improved or repaired at the expense of $132,801.76. 

In 1801, convicted criminals were, happily, few in number. 
Whether those confined and unconfined are now greater in 
proportion to the population is a matter about which opin- 
ions differ. Whatever may be the truth, the Slate then 
paid less than $6,0i30 each year for keeping those who were 
confined. The total number of prisoners last year was 1,591. 
During the year 500 were discharged, and 1,091 remained at 
its close within the prison walls. For the support of those 
convicted there were spent $193,065.65. and for furnishing 
and repairs to the prison buildings, $11,880.28. The cost was 
reduced by $91,6-34.40, which sum represents the earnings of 
the inmates under the wise and careful management of the 
prison officials. 

The gradual introduction of a more rational and humane 
treatment of its criminals strikingly indicates the advance 
of the State along the lines of progress. Now. the purpose 
of confinement is twofold, protection with punishment, and 
reformation, if possible. The State separately confines its 
younger criminals and incorrigibles of both sexes in institu- 
tions especially provided. It established the State Home 
for Boys in the year 1865, and the State Home for Girls in 
the year 1871. At the close of the year the inmates in the 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 445 

Humr I'l'i- IJoys numbered 37.S. and in the Home for Girls, 
115. For the maintenance of the former, the State paid 
$57,194.97, and spent $5,000 for improvements. The Home for 
Girls cost $24,735.90, and a new and much-needed building 
required $15,000. 

For the completion of the Reformatory at Rahway it 
grave $260,000. 

On account of the feeble-minded children and the feeble- 
minded women, and for the support and education of the 
blind, the payments during- the fiscal year amounted to 
about $90,000. 

One of the largest items of expenditure was that in aid 
of State roads. Annually $150,000 is spent on this account. 
The money so used insures comfort in travel and an ease 
of communication in marked contrast to that which pre- 
vailed at the commencement of the century. Few States 
have shown equal progress in this respect. The example 
shown by New Jersey has encouraged a movement for bet- 
ter roads throughout the Union, and its plan is being widely 
followed. The State first loaned its aid in 1892, and its con- 
tributions amount to $865,318.55. With the help so given 
ihere have been built 520 miles of roads. In the year jvist 
closed 83.29 miles were built, and 64.99 miles were in process 
of construction or under contract for building. Application 
has been made for aid in the construction of 136 additional 
miles. 

Mention may also be made of the payments on account of 
the homes for the veteran soldiers, amounting to a little 
more than $40,000; for the treatment of epileptics, amount- 
ing to about .$47,000, and to payments more especially in the 
interest of those engaged in agriculture, on account of the 
Agricultural Experiment Station, and the State Board of 
Agriculture, which amounted to about $24,000. 

The foregoing are a few only of the many objects which 
did not exist at the beginning of the century, and for which 
large annual payments are now necessary and, in most 
instances, desirable. They are not presented as excuses 
for a reckless or extravagant disposition of the public 
funds, but as illustrations of the nature and growth in 
amount of some of the disbursements. They serve at the 
same time as a warning. An income so great and so easily 
collected encourages a tendency to liberality in expendi- 
ture. Claims, fancied or real, keep springing up, and are 
urged with a persistency hard to withstand. An abundant 
surplus makes extravagance easy. Prudence and a wise 
foresight demand, in this hour of plenty, a regard for the 
future. AYe cannot safely assume that the sources of our 



44 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

income will bo always so Ixtuntiful. The liberality i>; Um- 
State should 1)6 measured ]jy actual wants. Wisely gen- 
erous it should be, but only in directions strictly limited to 
the legitimate needs of government. 

•A balance, reasonable in amount, and of such size as a 
conservative policy demands, should be retained by the 
State. All beyond this should be wisely used in reducing 
burdens of local taxation. The manner in which this can 
be done is hereinafter indicated, and your favorable action 
in accordance with the suggestions made with reference 
thereto is asked. 

The purposes and field of work of the various depart- 
ments of government of the State, and of its boards and 
commissions and institutions, have been described with 
minute detail in messages previously communicated. With 
these you are sufRciently familiar, and a particular de- 
scription thereof at this time is for that reason deemed un- 
necessary. A full account of what has been done, and of 
prevailing conditions and requirements, are fully set out 
in the several reports which will be laid before you. They 
furnish all information necessary for your guidance. In the 
main, they disclose an excellent state of affairs and good 
1 esults accomplished. This condition is due to the zeal and 
efficiency of those w'ho are charged with the duty of admin- 
istration. The promotion of public rather than partisan 
interests seems now to be the standard of conduct in public 
serA-ice, and as a result thereof great benefit has come 

Beyond what will be required to provide for the ordinary 
affairs of the State there seems to be no pressing need for 
any great amount of legislation. From one point of view 
this is a condition upon which we are to be congratulated. 
A people prosperous and satisfied with things as they are 
do not ask for many laws. Preceding Legislatures seem to 
have established nearly, if not quite, all of the reforms and 
changes for which there has been any urgent demand. 

It is best to let w'ell enough alone. Policies and methods 
of government which have been recently inaugurated are 
entitled to a fair trial in order to test the wisdom of their 
adoption. They should not be abandoned until it be con- 
clusively shown that better can be substituted. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 
There are, however, some matters touching the welfare 
of the State which may well be the subject of your delib- 
erations. Your attention to these, and to the recommenda- 
tions respecting the same, is Invited, and j'our careful 
thought and favorable action thereon is urged. It is grate- 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 447 

fully remembered that the suggestions made to the preced- 
ing Legislature were accorded a generous consideration by 
that body. 

BUILDING AND LOAN ASSOCIATIONS. 

"Wisely conducted, these associations encourage and make 
possible the building of many homes, promote habits of 
thrift and economy, and afford to the 129,131 shareholders— 
mainly persons of small means— an opportunity for the 
profitable investment of their earnings. 

These associations are 342 in number, and their net assets 
or net worth was $47,561,890, of which more than $9,500,000 
represented profits to the shareholders. The so-called local 
associations were paid last year on account of stock more 
than $8,000,000, and the State and Nationals nearly $1,500,000. 
In addition to these sums nearly $3,000,000 were paid to both 
classes for premiums, fines and fees, making the total 
amount received by them in one year more than $12,500,000. 

In the sixteen State and National Associations the pay- 
ments for salaries, commissions, etc., were $198,637, and in 
the 326 local associations they were $147,099. The ratio of 
such expenses to the total receipts in the former was slight- 
ly over 19 per cent., and in the latter, about 1.4 per cent. 
Payments on account of interest, premiums, fines and fees, 
constitute practically all the items of earnings. 

Based upon these, the expenses on salary and commis- 
sion account average about 6 per cent, in the local and over 
54 per cent, in the State and Nationals. 

It is not herein intended to adversely criticise associations 
which are conducted fairly and honestly and with a due 
regard to the safety of their members, but it is apparent 
that any system which involves heavy expenses works to 
the disadvantage of the shareholders. Their just returns 
are diminished and the burdens which they have assumed 
are unjustifiably increased. 

The employment of paid agents to solicit business and 
the maintenance of costly establishments, with a corps of 
high salaried oflflcers and managers, are features of some 
of the associations. These clearly have no place in the 
true building loan scheme. 

In some of these associations there are so-called "Ex- 
pense Fund Contracts." These are contracts made between 
the associations and one or more of its officers or managers, 
whereby, in addition to their stated salaries, the latter 
receive a certain proportion of the payments made by the 
members. 



44S GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

in one insLunce the contract provided for the paymi-nt U) 
the president of all premiums paid on the sale of a certain 
class of stock, and a commission equal to 3 per cent, per 
annum on all stock payments made by the members on all 
classes of stock. 

Not only have the earnings been exhausted in expenses, 
but the stock payments have been draw-n upon to meet the 
drain. Consequently when a member has desired to with- 
draw, or apply the value of his shares in part payment of 
his loan, he has found that the amount to his credit has 
been reduced by expense deductions to a sum much below 
even what he has paid in as dues on his stock. This has 
been done apparently by authority of the by-laws or 
articles of association, the true meaning and effect of which 
have been misunderstood or intentionally misrepresented 
to the joining member in the zealous effort to increase 
membership. 

As a result of these methods there are frequent instances 
of hardship and injustice. They are so clearly wrong in 
principle and injurious in their consequences that legisla- 
tion ought to be enacted to effectually break them up. 

Three associations have already been placed in the hands 
of receivers for insolvency, the result of excessive expenses 
for salaries, etc., coupled with bad investments. 

Again, the shareholders' meetings in the State and 
National Associations cannot, in the nature of the case, be 
truly representative. The members are scattered through- 
out the State (and elsewhere, in the National Associations) 
and as a rule cannot afford to take the time or incur the 
expense of attendance upon the home office, where these 
m.eetings are usually held. A large majority of the share- 
holders are there represented only by proxy, usually held 
and voted by a director or officer. Some associations have 
what is generally termed "Permanent Capital Stock." This 
is only held by members of the Board of Management and 
such other persons as they may approve, and only those 
who hold the stock can be elected directors. An easy 
method is thus afforded to the directors and officers to 
perpetuate themselves in office, and the associations be- 
come in the full sense "close corporations," the main body 
of the members being practically shut out from any parti- 
cipation in the management. The principle of mutual asso- 
ciation underlying the building loan scheme is thus entirely 
lacking. 

The exorbitant rates of premium charged borrowers in 
some associations is a just cause for criticism. The bor- 
rower pays not only a gross premium— which is "deducted 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 449 

from the loan," included in the mortgage, and is to be 
liquidated when his shares reach their full par value— but 
he pays an instalment premium also. Thus premium is 
charged on premium. 

Such a contract, if not usurious, is something very closely 
akin to it. In any event, it is a most expensive and bur- 
densome arrangement for the borrower. No individual 
would knowingly enter into it, unless his necessities were 
great. Unfortunately for their sakes, a great number of 
shareholders do not and cannot understand the nature of 
this undertaking, and, of necessity, rely upon the specious 
and misleading representations of the willing agents of 
those who promote these associations for their own profit. 

Manifestly the statutes under which these corporations 
are formed are in some instances being perverted, the 
powers conferred abused, and the interests of the share- 
holders subordinated to those of the managers. The present 
laws are loosely drawn, and appear to permit the formi^tion 
of every variety of such association, wifh few restrictions 
of any value. As a result, concerns of doubtful utility, and 
possessing but few of the characteristics of the genuine 
building and loan associations, have been organized for the 
sole purpose of enriching their promoters at the expense of 
the unfortunate shareholders. 

These abuses should be remedied at once, and the provi- 
dent and thrifty of our State protected. The present stat- 
utes should be repealed, and in their stead a new law en- 
acted which will insure a safe, equitable and economical 
conduct of business, and make impossible the abuses above 
complained of. 

PUBLIC LIBRARY COMMISSION. 

The last Legislature passed an act to promote the estab- 
lishment and efficiency of free public libraries, in accord- 
c.nce with the provisions of which Dr. Ernest C. Richard- 
son, William C. Kimball, M. Taylor Pyne, Dr. Everett T. 
Tomlinson and Frank P. Hill, were appointed members of 
the New Jersey Public Library Commission, The first re- 
port of the Commission has been received and will be trans- 
mitted to you. 

The Legislature failed to provide funds to meet even the 
incidental expenses for stationery and printing, and the 
Commission are "unable to make such a report of results 
accomplished as should be possible, in view of the field 
that is before them and condition of public library affairs 
in New Jersey." In the cities of the State, great incerest 
29 



450 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

has recently been shown in the subject of public libraries. 
The work projected by the Commission lies within the 
smaller towns, of which New Jersey has 129, with a popula- 
tion exceeding 750, that are without a public library of any 
kind. The financial aid to be extended under the act of 
1900 is by no means the most important. The Commission 
will give advice as to the organization of public libraries, 
the selection and purchase of books, and to library admin- 
istration generally. 

The suggestion of the report that the financial aid to be 
given to the towns may be limited to .$1,500 a year, and be 
extended over a number of years, will make the expense so 
small as scarcely to be felt, and if the commission shall 
succeed in approaching the record made by Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire, the benefits to the State cannot fail 
to be great. If it is to be continued a small appropriation 
is recommended for incidental expenses to enable it to 
begin work during the present fiscal year, and considera- 
tion should be given to its further needs. 



THE SCHOOL LAW AND APPORTIONMENT OF 
SCHOOL MONEYS. 

The revised school law has proven generally satisfactory. 
Unfortunately, however, it was passed after the appropria- 
tions for the then coming year had been made in many 
districts, and for this reason its provisions in this respect 
have not had a trial in all of the districts of the State. 
There seems to be a diversity of opinion as to the operation 
and correct interpretation of the sections relating to the 
selection of members of boards of education in municipali- 
ties divided into wards. The law should be so amended as 
tc make its language more explicit. The State Superinten- 
dent reports that wherever the law has been duly executed 
in its entirety it has worked smoothly and is giving com- 
plete satisfaction. 

The present method of apportioning the State school 
moneys is unsatisfactory. The Commission on Revision 
of the School Law, in its report presented to the Legisla- 
ture at its last session, recommended that the taking of 
the annual school census be abandoned, and that the por- 
tion of State school moneys now apportioned among the 
districts on the basis of school census, be apportioned on 
the basis of actual days' attendance of the pupils enrolled 
in the public schools. 

The school census is expensive and unreliable, and is not 
an equitable basis of apportionment. That proposed by the 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 451 

commission is inexpensive and reliable, and would give to 
each district the money to which it was justly entitled for 
work performed. A most important reason for apportion- 
ing- the school moneys on the basis of actual days' attend- 
ance, is that it would prove the best compulsory attendance 
law that can be devised. The recommendation of the com- 
mission is commended to your favorable consideration. 

STATE HOME FOR GIRLS. 

Present accommodations at this home, for school pur- 
poses, make impossible a division into classes such as that 
adopted in the public schools of the State. Such a g-rada- 
tion is necessary in order to obtain good results. Inmates 
are now assembled for instruction in two rooms only. 

The erection of the school building for which the trustees 
ask ought to be authorized. It would enable those in 
charge of the home to establish grades and permit the 
promotion of the inmates as progress in their studies war- 
ranted. 

The report of the Board of Managers discloses the fact 
that good work is being done at this school, and that the 
conditions now prevailing- there are most excellent. The 
course pursued by the management and those in authority 
in withstanding- the unreasonable and unreasoning clamor 
of a year ago has been fully vindicated. 

RAHWAY REFORMATORY. 

In 1899 the Legislature appropriated a sum sufficient to 
make the Reformatory at Rahway available for the recep- 
tion and care of not less than 240 inmates. The Commis- 
sioners report that this has practically been done, and that 
the institution is now ready for occupancy. 

Provision must be made by your honorable bodies for 
the employment of necessary officers if the buildings are 
to be used before the close of the year. If nothing be done 
at this session the opening- will be delayed for at least eigh- 
teen months, and the beginning- of the new method here to 
be tried in treating juvenile and first offenders, will be put 
off for the same length of time. The proposed plan has 
been in operation elsewhere and has shown results most 
surprising in the work of reformation. 

The law under which the Commission has acted has been 
sufficient for its purposes, but it needs revision in order to 
insure a practical scheme. It is crudely drawn, lacks the 
necessary provisions, and is obscure and conriicting in de- 
tails. A new and more comprehensive act should be substi- 
tuted. 



452 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

PALISADES INTERSTATE PARK. 

Gratelul acknowledgment is due to the gentlemen who 
have acted as "Commissioners of the Palisades Interstate 
I'ark" for the very sensible and efficient discharge of their 
duties. 

Those appointed on behalf of the State or New York were 
Nathan F. Barrett, George Walbridge Perkins, D. McNeely 
Stauffer, Ralph Trautman and J. DuPratt White; and 
those on behalf of this State were Abram DeRonde, Abram 
S. Hewitt, Franklin W. Hopkins, William A. Linn and 
Edwin A. Stevens. Thej' have labored with energy and 
discretion, and a measure of success gratifying and unex- 
pected has attended their efforts. They now present a plan 
for the preservation of the Palisades which recommends 
itself as practical and capable of accomplishment without 
excessive cost. 

The subject has aroused widespread interest in the past, 
and has received repeated consideration at the hands of 
previous Legislatures. Nothing practical or feasible was 
suggested or accomplished until the present Commission 
undertook the w'ork. Now^ for the first time, the project 
seems capable of realization, if reasonable aid be given by 
the States especially interested. 

On the part of New Jersey I respectfully urge such legis- 
lation and assistance as will facilitate the work so auspi- 
ciously begun. 

PAN-AMERICAN EXPOSITION. 

In accordance with the request of the authorities in 
charge of the Pan-American Exposition to be held at 
Buffalo, New York, during the year 1901, I have appointed 
as commissioners for New Jersey, Mrs. Henry Elliott Mott, 
Dr. Mary J. Dunlap, Mr. Richard C. Jenkinson and Mr. 
Oberlin Smith. 

Representatives of the Exposition urged co-operation and 
assistance on the part of the State before the Legislature 
at its last session. No action was then taken, because the 
character and success of the undertaking was not fully 
assured, and it seemed to be one largely local in interest 
and purpose. Since then, however, a progress has been 
made such as to justify its friends in the belief that the 
Exposition will equal and in many respects surpass all 
those previously held. 

The enterprise is purely American in purpose and scope, 
and has received substantial aid and encouragement from 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 450 

the governments of the United States and other countries 
of the western continent. Several States have signified 
their intention to take part therein. 

The advantages to our own State in having a suitable 
exhibition of its resources and products are manifest, and 
to defray the expenses thereof a suitable appropriation is 
recommended. 

REVISION OF THE STATUTES. 

A recommendation for the revision of the general stat- 
utes, which is so necessary, has heretofore been withheld, 
because the codification of laws relating to various subjects 
was in progress. Many of these have been prepared and 
enacted into laws bj^ preceding Legislatures. 

The gentlemen comprising the several commissions have 
done excellent work. They have harmonized conflicting 
statutes, caused needless or obsolete laws to be repealed, 
and combined similar acts with slightlj' differing provi- 
sions. They have secured a clearness and directness in 
style of expression which is highly commendable. 

These condensed and tersely stated acts have been pre- 
l>ared and put into the form of laws since the volumes 
containing the general statutes were published. Much con- 
tained in those volumes is now useless or misleading, and 
the time has come when a new revision of the laws should 
be made. 

Judging by the work alreadj^ done, it is believed that 
the three volumes, on the 3,700 pages of which are to be 
found many laws now obsolete, repealed, conflicting or de- 
clared unconstitutional, could be reduced to a single book. 
The republication would afford accuracy and convenience. 

It is, therefore, respectfully recommended that a Com- 
mission be appointed with full power to do this work, and 
that a suitable compensation be authorized. 

It would be well to start on the twentieth century with 
a creditable digest of the laws of New Jersey. 

JUDICIARY AMENDMENTS. 

Repeated efforts have been made during the last few 
years to adopt amendments to the Constitution providing 
for the reorganization of the higher courts. These at- 
tempts have, unfortunately, failed, because of differences 
of opinion as to the manner in which the reorganization 
should be accomplished. Proposed amendments, intended 
to bring about this result, will be laid before you. The 
need of reorganization is generally admitted. It is not 



ir,J GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

iiit'iulnl to sLigsest what form the amendments should 
take, but it is important that the changes should be made 
without lessening the dignity and influence of the courts. 
At the same lime the proposed system should insure meth- 
ods less cumbersome and more expeditious than those now 
prevailing. It is earnestly hoped that amendments in some 
form, and embodying in the main these features, will be 
adopted. 

DISTRIBUTION OF SURPLT'S. 

Your attention has already been called to the condition 
of the State treasury and the balance therein at the close 
of the fiscal year. It is difflcult to tell exactly how much 
of this may be strictly termed a surplus, as it is subject to 
the charges for appropriations made by the Legislature 
for expenses of the State government. After deducting 
these appropriations, however, there is still a balance left 
in the treasury. Opinions differ as to the best way of dis- 
posing of this surplus. 

Under Chapter 69 of the Laws of 1897 we are distributing 
to the municipalities annually about $205,000 of the moneys 
received from railroad taxation, which used to form part 
of the Slate's income. Under Chapter 195 of the Laws of 
1900 we shall this year begin to remit between $150,000 and 
.$200,000 of the revenues formerly received from the tax on 
franchises of quasi-public corporations. The annual 
amount appropriated for school purposes has been in- 
creased $100,000. 

It is doubtful, however, if any of these methods have 
relieved the burdens of local taxation. This result, it is be- 
lieved, can be best accomplished by distributing the sur- 
plus in the treasury in accordance with the provisions of 
Section 190 of the Act Establishing a System of Public In- 
struction passed last year. Under it the Legislature may 
appropriate, from year to year, any sum not less than 
$100,000 toward the payment of the State's school tax. 
Whatever amount it may thus appropriate will be actually 
deducted from the tax bill of every Individual taxpayer. 
He will receive an immediate and direct benefit therefrom. 
When it is considered that in some of the rural districts 
the State school tax amounts to one-third of the actual 
taxation, the wisdom of reducing this item is at once ap- 
parent. 

You are, therefore, respectfully urged to make as large 
an appropriation for this purpose as you may think the 
condition of the treasury will warrant. 



GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 455 

THE POLLUTION OF RIVERS AND STREAMS. 

Within the past few years the attention of the Legisla- 
ture has been called to this subject frequently'. The con- 
dition of the rivers and streams in several localities de- 
mands attention. Especially is this true of the valley of 
the Passaic. The citizens and property-owners in that val- 
ley have become alarmed at the foul and polluted condition 
of the waters of the river. These are now the receptacle 
and conduit of all the sewerage of the cities, towns and vil- 
lages in the territory which it drains, and of all of the 
refuse of the numerous factories and manufacturing estab- 
lishments along its banks. 

The valley teems with population, and is by far the most 
important manufacturing district within the State. The 
foul condition of the river affects the value of property and 
threatens the public health. Alarmed by existing condi- 
tions, the Board of Trade of the city of Newark has re- 
cently selected a committee of representative men from 
that organization to suggest additional legislation and pre- 
sent the matter for your consideration. Similar action has 
been taken by other bodies of like character. The subject 
is worthy of your most earnest consideration. 

Under the limitations of our Constitution, it is imprac- 
ticable for the State to give financial aid to any local im- 
provement of this character. 

The State Sewerage Commission, established under the 
act of March 24, 1899, has general supervision of this sub- 
ject within the State. Its powers were extended by the 
amendments to the act, approved March 21, 1900, but they 
are not broad enough to meet existing conditions. 

The inefficiency of the present legislation seems to arise 
from two causes: 

(1.) The impracticability of securing united action by the 
different municipalities constituting a single drainage or 
sewerage district. 

(2.) Inadequate provision for obtaining the necessary 
means to carry out a work of the required magnitude 

To remedy these defects additional legislation is advised, 
authorizing the creation of sewerage and drainage districts 
with quasi-municipal power, the appointment within such 
districts, when created, of commissioners with ample 
authority to investigate methods, adopt plans, and per- 
form the work— giving the State Board the power of super- 
vision and approval— authorizing the bonding of those 
municipal divisions for the purpose of providing the neces- 
sary means to carry the work into execution, and provid- 



4r)6 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. 

i)i« for the payment of the lionds l>y the imposition of u 
tax upon the property within the districts created. 

Permit me to ask for the suggestions herein contained 
your careful consideration, believing, as I do, that favor- 
able action thereon will advance the common good. 

Recalling with pleasure the harmonious relations that 
have existed between this department and preceding Legis- 
latures, I beg to extend to you my best wishes for the sat- 
isfactory and successful discharge of your duties, assur- 
ing you of my willingness to render assistance in every 
proper way, whenever such help may be invited. 

FOSTER M. VOORHEES. 

Trenton, N. J., January S, 1901. 



STATE CEXSrS. 4S7 

CENSUS OF NEW JERSEY. 1900. 



Population of New Jersey by Minor Civil Divisions, 
1890 and 1900. 

ATLANTIC COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Absecon town 530 501 

Atlantic Citv 27,838 13.055 

First ward 6,236 

Second ward 5.830 

Third ward 7,656 

Fourth ward 8,116 

Brigantine city 99 

Buena Vista township 1.646 1,299 

Egg- Harbor citv 1.808 1.4.39 

Egg Harbor township 1,863 3,027 

Galloway township 2,469 2.208 

Hamilton township 1,682 1.512 

Hammonton town 3.4S1 3.833 

Linwood borough 495 536 

Eongport borough SO 

Mullica township 880 697 

Pleasantville borough 2,182 

Somers Point borough 308 191 

South Atlantic City borough 69 

AVeymouth township 972 538 



BERGEN COUNTY. 



46.402 28,; 



Allendale borough 694 

Bergen township 346 

Bergenfields borough 729 

Bogota borough 337 

Carlstadt borough 2,574 1.549 

Cliffside Par'k borough 968 

Cresskill borough 486 527 

Delf ord borough 746 

Dumont borough 643 

East Rutherford borough 2,640 1,438 

Englewood city 6,253 

First ward 1.535 

Second ward 1,463 

Third ward 2,126 

Fourth ward 1,129 

Englewood Cliffs borough 218 

Fairview borough 1.003 

Franklin township 2.1-39 

Garfield borough 3.504 1.028 

Harrington township 3.224 

Hasbrouck Heights borough 1.255 

Hillsdale township 891 

Hohokus township 2,610 

Eeonia borough 804 

Little Ferry borough 1,240' 781 

Lodi borough 1,917 998 



458 STATR CENST'S. 

I'juii. isyo. 

!>()(li township 44S 

May wood borough "^36 

Midhmd township 1,298 

Midland Park borough 1,348 

Mont\'ale borough 416 

New Barbadoes township, coextensive with 

Hackensack town 9.443 6,004 

Hackensack town: 

First ward l.',608 

Second ward 2,32-i 

Third ward 2.079 

Fourth ward 1,870 

Fifth ward 562 

North Arlington borough 290 

Old Tappan borough 269 

Orvil township 1,207 

Overpeck township 1,987 

Palisades township 860 

Palisades Park borough 644 

Park Ridg-e borough 870 

Ridgefield borough 584 

Ridgefield township 2,612 

Ridgewood township, coextensive with 

Glenn Rock borough and Ridgewood vil- 
lage 3,298 

Glenn Rock borough 613 

Ridgewood village 2.685 1,047 

Riverside borough 561 

Rutherford borough 4,411 2,293 

Saddle River borough 415 

Saddle River township 1.9.54 

Teaneck township 768 

Tenafly borough 1.746 1,046 

Undercliff borough 1.006 

Union township 1,590 

Upper Saddle River borough 326 

Wallington borough 1,812 

Washington township 782 

Westwood borough 828 

Woodcliff borough 329 

Woodridge borough 582 575 



78,441 47.226 

BURLINGTON COUNTY. 

Bass River township 800 853 

Beverly city 1.950 1,957 

Beverly township 1.804 1,451 

Bordentown city 4,110 4,232 

First ward 1,669 

Second ward 1.569 

Third ward 872 

Bordentown township 488 858 

Burlington city 7,392 7.264 

First ward 1,637 

Second ward 2,083 

Third ward 1 ,853 

Fourth ward 1.819 

Burlington township 1.061 958 

(^hester township 4,420 3.768 



STATE CENSUS. 45d 

l!)(J(l. 1890. 

C'hestei field lownship 1.143 1.2.53 

Cinnaminson township 1,078 2,891 

Delran township 890 2,267 

Easthampton township 584 654 

Evesham town.?hip 1,429 1,501 

Fielrtsbcro borough 4.59 

Florence township 1,9.55 1.922 

Lumberton town.-^hip 1.624 1,799 

Mansfield township 1..518 1,671 

Medford township 1,969 1,864 

Mt. Laurel township 1,644 1,699 

New Hanover township 1,827 1.962 

Northampton township 5,168 5,376 

Palmyra township 2,300 

Pemberton borough 771 8.34 

Femberton township 1,493 1,805 

Riverside township 2, .581 

Riverton borough 1.3.32 

Shamong township 910 9.58 

Southampton township 1,901 1,849 

Springfield township 1,.382 1,670 

Washington township 617 310 

Westhampton township 567 688 

AVillingboro township 673 739 

Woodland township 398 327 

58,241 58,. 528 

CAMDEN COUNTY. 

Camden city 75,9.35 5S,.313 

First ward 8.283 

Second ward 7.158 

Third ward 4.592 

Fourth ward 4.9.50 

Fifth ward 7,971 

Sixth ward 7.373 

Seventh ward 8,151 

Eighth ward 7,760 

Ninth ward 6,.337 

Tenth ward 4,886 

Eleventh ward 3,894 

Twelfth ward 4,.580 

Center township 2,192 1,8.34 

Chesilhurst boroug-h 283 

Collingswood borough 1,633 5.39 

Delaware township 1,679 1,457 

Gloucester city 6.840 6,564 

First ward 2.7-50 

Second ward 4.090 

Gloucester township 4.018 3,091 

Haddon township 2,012 888 

Haddonfield borough 2,776 2,502 

Merchantville boroug-h 1,608 1,225 

Pennsauken township 3,145 

Voorhees township 969 

Watenord township 2.161 2,421 

Winslow township 2.392 2,408 

107.643 87,687 



4(;n STATE CENSUS. 



TAl'l'] MAY COl'N'I'Y. 

Anglesea borough 

Avalon borough 

Cape May city 

Cape May Point borough 

Dennis townsliip 

Holly Beach borough 

Lower township ,. 

Middle township '.'. 

Ocean City 

First ward 626. 

Second ward G81 

Sea Isle City borough 

South Cape May borough 

Upper township 

AVest Cape May borough 

Wildwood borough 



llJiM). 


1S90. 


im 


161 


93 




2,257 


2.136 


m 


167 


2,778 


1,707 


569 


217 


1,141 


1,156 


2,191 


2,368 


1,307 


452 


:}40 


766 


14 




1,351 


1,381 


696 


757 


150 





1.3,201 11,268 



CUMBERLAND COUNTY. 



Bridgeton city 13,913 11,424 

First w^ard 2,557 

Second ward 3,031 

Third ward 3,434 

Fourth ward 3,075 

Fifth ward 1.816 

Commercial township 2,982 

Deerfield township 3,066 

L)owne township 1,8.33 

Fairfield township 1,911 

Greenwich township 1,283 

Hopewell township 1,807 

Landis township 4,721 

Lawrence township 1.658 

Maurice River township 2.132 

Millville city 10,583 

First ward 3,296 

Second ward 1,934 

Third ward 3,007 

Fourth ward 2,346 

Stowe Creek township 934 

Vineland borough 4,370 

51,193 45,438 

ESSEX COUNTY. 

Belleville township 5,907 3,487 

Bloomfield town 9,668 7,708 

Caldwell borough 1.367 

Caldwell township 1.619 3.638 

Chnton township 1.325 3,684 

East Orange city 21,506 13,282 

First ward 3.017 

Second ward 4,847 

Third ward 5,548 

Fourth ward 3.413 

Fifth ward 4,681 



2.344 


2,614 


1,793 


1,688 


1,173 


1,743 


3,855 


1,729 


2,279 


10,002 


972 


3,822 



STATE CENSl^S. 461 

1900. 1890. 

Franklin township 3,682 2,007 

Glen Ridge borough 1,960 

Irvington town 5,255 

Livingston township 1,412 1,197 

Milburn township 2.837 2,437 

Montclair town 13,962 8,656 

First ward 4.374 

Second ward 3,483 

Third wai'd 3.386 

Fourth ward 2,719 

Newark city 246,070 1S1.830 

First ward 13,805 

Second ward 13,670 

Third ward 21,370 

Fourth ward 11,111 

Fifth ward 15,103 

Sixth ward 17,821 

Seventh ward 14.531 

Eighth ward 13.551 

Ninth ward 12.086 

Tenth ward 1S.313 

Eleventh ward 18.632 

Twelfth ward 16.912 

Thirteenth ward 21.194 

Fourteenth ward 23,359 

Fifteenth ward 14,612 

North Caldwell borough 297 

Orange city 24,141 18,844 

First ward 6,240 

Second ward 4,072 

Third ward 5,081 

Fourth ward 5,763 

Fifth ward 2,985 

South Orange township 1,630 1,078 

South Orange village 4,608 3,106 

Vailsburg borough 2,779 786 

Verona township 2.139 

West Orange town 6,889 4.358 

359,053 256,098 



GLOUCESTER COUNTY. 

Clayton borough 1,951 1,807 

Clayton township 38 492 

Deptford township 2.114 1,681 

East Greenwich township 1,.323 1,259 

Elk township 997 

Franklin township 2.252 2,021 

Glassboro tow^nshii) 2,677 2,642 

Greenwich township 2.252 1.900 

Harrison township 1.569 1.545 

Logan township 1.444 1.523 

Mantau township 2,101 1,791 

Monroe township 2,402 1,945 

South Harrison township 706 971 

AVashington township 1,252 1,155 

Wenonah borough 498 383 

AYest Deptford township 1,951 1,588 



462 STATE CENSL'S. 

19U0. 1890. 

AVoodbury city 4,087 3,911 

First ward l.OOfi 

Second ward 1,812 

Tliird ward 1,269 

Woolwich township 2,291 2,0:i5 

31.90rj 28,649 

HUDSON COUNTY. 
Bayonne city 32,722 19.033 

First ward 4,582 

Second ward 13,156 

Third ward 5,572 

Fourth ward 3,593 

Fifth ward 5,819 

East Newark borough 2,500 

Guttenberg town 3,825 1,947 

Harrison town 10,596 8,.338 

First ward 1,885 

Second ward 1,175 

Third ward 3,045 

Fourth ward 4,491 

Hoboken city 59,364 43,648 

First ward 10,955 

Second ward 8.472 

Third ward 14,218 

Fourth ward 14.983 

Fifth ward 10.736 

Jersey City 206.433 163.003 

First ward 19,190 

Second ward 19,185 

Third ward 17,392 

Fourth ward 13,133 

Fifth ward 14,204 

Sixth ward 15,540 

Seventh ward 14.186 

Eighth ward 19.112 

Ninth ward 14.937 

Tenth ward 15,505 

Eleventh ward 22.754 

Twelfth ward 21.295 

Kearney town 10,876 

First ward 3,166 

Second ward 2.946 

Third ward 2,111 

Fourth ward 2.673 

North Bergen township 9.213 5,715 

Secaucus borough 1.626 

Union town 15,187 10,643 

First ward 4,922 

Second ward 5,215 

Third ward 5.050 

Weehawken township 5.325 1.943 

West Hoboken town 23.094 11,665 

First ward 7.781 

Second ward 7.940 

Third ward 7,373 

AVest New York town 5.267 

First ward 1.475 

Second ward 1.554 

Third ward 2,238 

386,048 275,126 



STATE CENSUS. 463 

HUNTERDON COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Alexandria township 1,045 1,250 

Bethlehem township 1,634 1,790 

Clinton boroug-h 816 913 

Clinton township 2,296 1,975 

Delaware township 1.953 3,037 

East Am well township 1,327 1.375 

Franklin township 1,258 1,287 

Frenchto wn borough 1,020 1,023 

High Bridge borough 1.377 

Holland township 1,652 1,704 

Junction borough 998 518 

King-wood township 1,.304 1,424 

Lambertville city 4,637 4,142 

First ward 1,322 

Second ward 1,345 

Third ward 1,970 

Lebanon township 2.253 2.337 

Rariton township 4.037 3,798 

Readington township 2,670 2,813 

Stockton borough 590 

Tewksbury township 1.883 2.034 

Union township 918 1,134 

West Amwell township 839 866 

34,507 35,355 

MERCER COUNTY. 

East Windsor township 894 881 

Ewing township 1,333 3,129 

Hamilton township 4,164 4,163 

Hightsto wn borough 1,749 1.875 

Hopewell borough 980 

Hopewell township 3.360 3.750 

Lawrence township 1.555 1,448 

Pennington borough 733 588 

Princeton borough 3.899 3.422 

Princeton township 955 809 

Trenton city 73,307 57,458 

First ward 4.901 

Second ward 3.895 

Third ward 5,361 

Fourth ward 8,146 

Fifth ward 8,706 

Sixth ward 3,091 

Seventh ward 4,475 

Eighth ward 3,688 

Ninth ward 6,933 

Tenth ward 6,358 

Eleventh ward 7,679 

Twelfth ward 2.544 

Thirteenth ward 5.0S1 

Fourteenth ward 2,449 

Washington township 1.1.^7 U26 

West Windsor township 1,279 1^329 

95,365 79,978 



464 STATE CENSUS. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. 

1900. 1890. 

Cranbury township 1.428 1,422 

Dunellen borough 1,239 l.WJ 

Ea.st Brunswick township 2,423 2,642 

Helmetta borough 447 

Jamesburg borough 1,063 887 

Madison township 1,671 1,520 

Metuchin borough 1.786 770 

Milltown borough 561 

Monroe township 1.899 2,153 

New Brunswick township, coextensive with 

New Brunswick city 20,006 18,603 

New Brimswick city: 

First ward 3,305 

Second ward 3..346 

Third w^ard 3,178 

Fourth ward 3,276 

Fifth ward 3.575 

Sixth ward 3,326 

North Brunswick township 847 1,238 

Perth Ambov township, coextensive with 

Perth Amboy city 17,699 9,512 

Perth Amboy city: 

First w ard 1,728 

Second ward 1,953 

Third ward 3,4:37 

Fourth ward 3.1S3 

Fifth ward 2,749 

Sixth ward 4.649 

Piscatav»ay township 2.628 2,226 

Raritan township 2,801 3.018 

Sayreville township 4,1.55 3,509 

South Ambov township, coextensive with 

South Amboy borough 6.349 4.330 

South Brimswick township 2,337 2,403 

South River borough 2,792 1,796 

Woodbridge township 7,631 4,665 

79.762 61,754 



MONMOUTH COUNTY. 

Allenhurst borough 165 

Allentown borough 695 

Asburv Park city 4.148 

Atlantic township 1.410 1.505 

Atlantic Highlands borough 1.383 945 

Belmar borough 902 

Bradley Beach borough 982 

Deal borough 70 

Eatontown tow-nship 3,021 2,953 

Englishtown borough 410 444 

Freehold town 2.934 2.932 

Freehold township 2.234 2,165 

Highlands borough 1,228 

Holmdel township 1,190 1,479 

Howell tow^nship 3,103 3.01S 

Kevport town 3.413 3.411 

Long Branch town 8.872 7.2.31 

Manalapan township 1,435 1,558 



STATE CENSUS. 465 

litOU. 1890.^ 

Manasquan borough 1.50U 1,506 

Marlboro township 1,747 1,913 

Matawan borough l,oll 1.491 

Matawan township 1,310 1,692 

Middletown township 5,479 o,650 

Millstone township 1.509 1,782 

Neptune township 7,943 8,333 

Neptune City borough 1,009 

North Spring Lake borough 361 277 

Ocean township 4,251 2,978 

Raritan township 1,524 1,368 

Red Bank town 5,428 4,145 

Seabright borough 1,198 

Shrewsbury township 3.842 4,222 

Spring Lake borough 526 

Upper Freehold township 2,112 2,861 

Wall township 3,212 3,269 

82,057 69,128 

MORRIS COUNTY. 

Boonton township, including Boonton town 4,710 3,307 

Boonton town 3.901 2.981 

Chatham borough 1,361 780 

Chatham township 820 1.432 

Chester township 1,409 1,625 

Dover township 5,938 

Florham Park borough 752 

Hanover township 5,366 4,481 

Jefferson township 1,341 1,611 

Madison borough 3,754 2,469 

Mendham township 1,600 1,266 

Morris township 2.571 1,999 

Morristown town 11.267 8,156 

First ward 3,311 

Second ward 2,924 

Third ward 2,522 

Fourth ward 2.510 

Mt. Arlington borough 275 

Mt. Olive township 1,221 1,848 

Montville township 1,908 1,333 

Netcong borough ; 941 

Passaic township 2,141 1,821 

Pequanac township 3,250 2,862 

Port Oram borough 2,069 775 

Randolph township 2,246 7,197 

Rockaway borough 1,483 

Rockaway township 4.528 6,033 

Roxbury township 2.185 2,739 

Washington township 2,220 2,367 

65,156 54,101 

OCEAN COUNTY 

Bay Head borough 247 

Beach Haven borough 239 ....'. 

Berkeley township 694 786 

Brick township 2,130 4 065 

Dover township 2,618 2,609 



466 STATE (-.'KNSrS. 

]!tiio. ISDo. 

Eagleswood tc^wnship 5<jo 791 

Harvey Cedars borough o9 

Island Heights borough 316 271 

Jackson township - 1.595 1,717 

Lacey township 718 711 

Lakewood township 3,094 

Lavalette city 21 

Little Egg Harbor to wnshij) 1,856 

L.ong Beach township 152 

Manchester township 1,033 1.057 

Ocean township 436 482 

Plumsted township 1.204 1.327 

Point Pleasant Beach borough 746 

Seaside Park borough 73 

Stafford township 1,009 1,095 

Surf City borough 9 

Union township 955 1,063 

19,747 15.974 

PASSAIC COUNTY. 

Acquackanonk township 5, .351 2, .562 

Hawthorn borough 2,096 

Little Falls township 2,908 1,890 

Manchester township 3,989 2,576 

Passaic city 27,777 13,028 

First ward 12,663 

Second ward 4,338 

Third ward 3.444 

Fourth ward 7,3.32 

Paterson city 105,171 78,347 

First ward 10.9.50 

Second ward 15,009 

Third ward 23.780 

Fourth ward 14,178 

Fifth ward 12,898 

Sixth ward 3,910 

Seventh ward 6,69.'5 

Eighth w^ard 17,753 

Pompton township 2,404 2.153 

Pompton Lakes borough 847 

Totowa borough .562 

Wayne township 1,985 2.004 

West Milford township 2.112 2.486 

1.55.202 105.046 

SALEM COUNTY. 

Alloway township l.,52S 1.675 

Elmer borough 1,140 842 

Elsinboro township 445 524 

Lower Alloways Creek township 1.242 1..308 

Lower Penns Neck township 1,424 1.289 

Mannington township 1.745 1,870 

Oldmans township 1,382 1.4.32 

Pennsgrove borough 1,826 

Pilesgrove township 1,744 1,796 

Pittsgrove township 2.092 1,914 

Quinton township 1,280 1,307 



STATE CENSUS. 467 

19(10. 1890. 

Salem city 5,811 5,516 

East ward :5,227 

West ward 2,584 

Upper Penns Neck township 77o 2,239 

Upper Pittsgrove township 1.725 1,923 

Woodstown borough 1,371 l,ol6 

25,.530 25,151 



SOMERSET COUNTY. 

Bedminster township 1,925 1,749 

Bernards township 3.066 2. .558 

Bound Brook borough 2,622 1,462 

Branchburg township 1,012 l.l.o2 

Bridgewater township 1,601 1.444 

East Millstone town 447 475 

Franklin township 2,.398 2,478 

Hillsboro township 2,4.39 2,825 

Millstone borough 200 

Montgomerv township 1,243 1,655 

North Plairifield borough 5,009 

North Plainfield township 654 4,250 

Raritan town 3,244 2,556 

Rocky Hill borough .354 

Somerviile town 4.843 3,861 

South Bound Brook town 883 801 

W^arren township 1,008 1,045 

32.948 28,.311 

SUSSEX COUNTY. 

Andover township 987 1,126 

Branchville borough 526 

Brooklyn borough 75 

Byram township 1.235 1,380 

Deckertown borough 1,.306 993 

Frankf ord township 9.32 1,4.59 

Green township 627 636 

Hampton township 775 866 

Hardyston township 3,42.5 2,542 

Uaf ayette township 717 742 

Montague township 710 797 

Newton town 4,.376 .3,003 

Sandyston township 9.39 1,084 

Sparta townshio 2,070 1,724 

Stillwater township I.IOS 1.296 

Vernon township 1.738 1.7.56 

Walpack townshiji 371 436 

Wantage township 2,217 2,419 

24,1.34 22,2.59 

T'NION COUNTY. 

Clark township .374 367 

Cranford township 2.8.54 1.717 

Elizabeth city 52,1.30 37,764 

First ward 5,299 

Second ward , 4,015 



468 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1S90. 

Third ward G,37S 

Fourth ward :^>,9.'il 

Fifth ward 4,761 

Sixth ward 3,611 

Seventh ward 4,54S 

Eighth ward G.ITS 

Ninth ward 4,154 

Tenth ward 2,699 

Eleventh ward 3.334 

Twelfth ward 3,222 

Fanwood borough 399 

Fanwood township 1,200 1,305 

IJnden borough 402 936 

ijinden township 619 125 

Mountainside borough 367 

New Providence borough 565 

New Providence township 469 839 

Plainheld city 15,369 11,267 

First ward 3,209 

Second ward 3,614 

Third ward 3,030 

Fourth ward , 5,516 

Rahway city 7,935 7,105 

First ward 1,739 

Second ward 1,712 

Third ward 1,953 

Fourth ward 1,500 

Fifth ward 1,031 

Roselle borough 1,652 996 

Springfield township 1,073 959 

Summit city 5,302 3.502 

Union township 4,315 2,846 

^\'estfield township 4,328 2,739 

99,353 72,467 

WARREN COUNTY. 

Allamuchy township 588 759 

Belvidere town 1,784 1,768 

Blairstown township 1,576 1,662 

Franklin township 1,280 1.283 

Frelinghuysen township 797 879 

Greenwich township 909 825 

Hackettstown town 2,474 2.417 

Hardwick township 400 503 

Harmony township 1.080 1.152 

Hope township 1.144 1,332 

Independence township 805 904 

Knowlton township 1,210 1,411 

T^opatcong- township 1,962 1,738 

Mansfield township 1,324 1.362 

Oxford township 3,095 4,002 

Pahaquarry township 257 291 

Phillipsburg- town 10,052 8.644 

First ward 2,222 

Second ward 2,269 

Third ward 1,767 

Fourth ward 1,911 

Fifth ward 1,883 

Pohatcong township 2,215 1,483 



STATE CENSUS. 469 

1900. 1890. 

Washington borough 3,580 2.834 

Washington township 1.249 1,304 



37,781 36,553 

Population by Counties. 

1900. 1890. Inc. 

Atlantic 46,402 28,836 17,566 

Bergen 78.441 47,226 31,215 

Burlington 58,241 58,528 *287 

Camden 107.643 87,687 19,956 

Cape Mav 13,201 11,268 1,933 

Cumberland 51.193 45,438 5,755 

Essex 359,0.53 256,098 102,9.55 

Gloucester 31.905 28,649 3,256 

Hudson 386,048 275,126 110.922 

Hunterdon 34.507 35,355 *848 

Mercer 95,365 79,978 15,387 

Middlesex 79,762 • 61.754 18,008 

Monmouth 82,057 69,128 12,929 

Morris 65,156 54,101 11,055 

Ocean 19,747 15.974 3,773 

Fassaic 155,202 105.046 50,156 

Salem 25,5.30 25,151 379 

Somerset 32,948 28,311 4,6.37 

Sussex 24,134 22,259 1,875 

Union 99,.353 72,467 26,886 

Warren 37,781 36,553 1,228 



1,883,669 1,444,933 438.736 

*Decrcase. 



Population of the Incorporated Cities, Towns, Villages and 
Boroughs of New Jersey (190 Altogether). 

1900. 1890. 

Absecon town 530 501 

Allendale borough 694 

Allenhur&t borough 16.i 

Allentown borough 695 

Anglesea borough 161 161 

Asbury Park city 4,148 

Atlantic City 27,838 13,055 

Atlantic Highlands borough 1,.383 945 

Avalon borough 93 

Bay Head borough 247 

Bayonne city 32,722 19.033 

Beach Haven borough 239 ..... 

Belmar borough 902 

Belvidere town 1,784 1.768 

Bergenfields borough 729 

Beverly city 1,950 1.9.57 

Bloomfield town 9,668 7.708 

Bogota borough 337 

Eoonton town 3.901 2,981 

Bordentown city 4.110 4.232 

Bound Brook borough 2,622 1^462 

Bradley Beach borough 982 

Branchville borough 526 

Bridgeton city 13,913 11,424 

Brigantine city 99 

Brooklyn borough 75 



470 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Burlingrton city 7,:«2 7,264 

Caldwell borouf?h 1,?,^7 

Camden city 75,9.35 5S,313 

Cape May city 2,257 2,136 

Cape May Point borough 153 167 

Carlstadt borough 2.-574 1,549 

Chatham borough 1,.361 780 

Chesilhurst borough 283 

Clayton borough 1,9.51 1,807 

Cliffside Park borough 968 

Clinton borough 816 913 

Collingswood borough 1,633 5.39 

Cresskill borough 486 527 

Deal borough 70 

Deckertown borough 1,.306 993 

Delford borough 746 

Dover town 5,938 

Dumont borough 643 

Dunellen borough-. 1,239 1,060 

East Millstone town 447 475 

East Newark borough 2,500 

East Orange city 21,.506 13,282 

East Rutherford borough 2.640 1,438 

Egg Harbor city 1,808 1.439 

Elizabeth city 52,130 37.764 

Elmer borough 1.140 842 

Englewcod city 6,253 

Englewood Cliffs borough 218 

Englishtown borough 410 444 

Fairview borough 1,003 

Fanwood borough 399 

Fieldsboro borough 459 

Florham Park borough l?>2 

Freehold town 2.934 2,932 

Frenchtown borough 1.020 1,023 

Garfield borough 3,504 1,028 

Glenn Rock borough 613 

Glen Ridge borough 1,960 

Gloucester city 6,840 6.564 

Guttenberg town 3.825 1.947 

Hackensack town 9,443 6,004 

Hackettstown town 2.474 2,417 

Haddonfield borough 2,776 2,502 

Hammonton town 3.481 3.833 

Harrison town 10,596 8,338 

Harvey Cedars borough 39 

Hasbrouck Heights borough 1.255 

Hawthorne borough 2.096 

Helmetta borough 447 

High Bridge borough 1.377 

Highlands borough 1,228 

Hightstown borough 1.749 1,875 

Hoboken city 59.-364 43.648 

Holly Beach borough 569 217 

Hopewell borough 980 

Irvington tow^n 5,255 

Island Heights borough 316 271 

Jamesburg borough 1.063 887 

Jersey City 206.433 163,003 

Junction borough 998 518 

Kearney town 10,896 



STATE CENSUS. 471 

1900. 1890. 

Keyport town .3,413 3.411 

Lambertville city 4,637 4,142 

Lavalette city 21 

Leonia borough 804 

Linden borough 402 936 

liinwood borough 495 536 

Little Ferrv borough 1,240 781 

Lodi borough 1,917 998 

Long Branch town 8,872 7,231 

Long-port borough 80 

Madison borough 3,7-54 2,469 

Manasquan borough 1,-500 1,506 

Matawan borough 1.511 1,491 

Mavwood borough .536 

Merchantville borough 1.608 1,225 

Metuchen borough 1,786 770 

Midland Park borough 1,,348 

MilLstone borough 200 

Millto wn borough 561 

Millville city 10.583 10,002 

Montclair town 13,962 8,656 

Montvale borough 416 

Morristown town 11,267 8,156 

Mountainside borough 367 

Mt. Arlington borough 275 

Neptune City borough 1,009 

Netcong borough 941 

Newark city 246.070 J81,8.30 

New Brunswick city 20,006 18,603 

New Providence borough 565 

Newton town 4. .376 3,003 

North Arlington borough 290 

North Caldwell borough 297 

North Plainfield borough 5,009 

North Spring Lake borough 361 277 

Ocean City 1..307 452 

Old Tappan borough 269 

Orange city 24.141 18,844 

Palisades Park borough 644 

Park Ridge borough 870 

Passaic city 27,777 13.028 

r^aterson city 105,171 78,347 

Pemberton borough 771 834 

Pennington borough 7.33 588 

Pennsgrove borough 1.826 

Perth Amboy city 17,699 9,512 

Phillipsburg rown 10,052 8,644 

Plainfield city 15,.369 11,267 

Pieasantville borough 2.182 

Point Pleasant Beach borough 746 

Pompton Lakes borough 847 

Port Oram borough 2,069 775 

Ir'rinceton borough 3,899 3,422 

Rah way city 7.935 7.' 105 

Raritan town 3,244 2,556 

Red Bank town 5,428 4,145 

Ridgefield borough 584 ..... 

Rldgewood village 2,685 1,047 

Riverside borough .561 

Riverton borough 1,.332 1,075 

Rockaway borough 1,483 



472 STATE CENSUS. 

1900. 1890. 

Rocky Hill borough 354 

Roselle boroug-h 1,6.'>2 996 

Rutherford borough 4,411 2,293 

Saddle River borough 415 

Salem city 5,811 5,516 

Seabright borough 1,198 

Sea Isle City borough 340 766 

Seaside Park borough 73 

Secaucus borough 1,626 

Somers Point borough 308 191 

Somerville town 4,843 3,861 

South Ambov borough 6,349 4,330 

South Atlantic City borough 69 

South Bound Brook town 883 801 

South Cape May borough 14 

South Orange village 4,608 3.106 

South River borough 2,792 1,796 

Spring Lake borough 526 

Stockton borough 590 

Summit city 5,302 3,502 

Surf City borough 9 

Tenafly borough 1,746 1,046 

Totowa borough 562 

Trenton city 73,307 57,4.58 

Undercliff borough 1.006 

Union town 15,187 10,643 

Upper Saddle River borough 326 

Vailsburg borough 2,779 786 

Vineland borough 4,370 3,822 

Wallington borough 1,812 

Washington borough 3.580 2.834 

Wenonah borough 498 .383 

West Cape May borough 696 757 

West Hoboken town 23.094 11,665 

West New York town 5,267 

Yv^est Orange town 6,889 4,358 

Westwcod borough 828 

AYildwood borough 150 

Woodbury city 4.087 3,911 

Woodcliff borough .329 

Woodridge borough 582 575 

Woodstown borough 1,371 1,516 



Population of New Jersey, 1790 to 1900. 

f Increase. 

Per 
Census Years. Population. Number, cent. 

1900 1,883,669 438,7.36 30.4 

1890 1,444,933 313,817 27.7 

1880 1,1.31.116 225,020 21.8 

1870 906,096 234,061 .34.8 

1860 672,035 182,480 37.3 

1S50 489,555 116,249 31.1 

1840 373,306 52,483 16.4 

1830 320,823 43,397 15.6 

3820 277,426 31.864 13.0 

1810 245,562 34,413 16.3 

1800 211,149 27,010 14.7 

1790 184,139 



U. S. CENSUS. 473 

POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES. 

CKNSUS OF 1900. 



States and Territories. 1900. 1890. Inc. 

Alabama 1,828,697 1,513,017 315,680 

Arizona 122,961 59,620 63,311 

Arkansas 1,.311,564 1,128,179 183,385 

California 1,485,053 1,208,130 276,923 

Colorado 539.700 412,198 127,502 

Connecticut 908,355 746,258 162,097 

Delaware 184,735 168,493 16,242 

District of Columbia 278,718 230,392 48,326 

Florida 528,542 391,422 137,120 

Georgia 2,216,331 1,837,353 378,978 

Idaho 161,772 84,385 77,387 

Illinois 4,821.550 3,826,351 995,199 

Indiana 2,516,462 2,192,404 324,058 

Iowa 2,231.853 1.911,896 319,957 

Kansas 1,470,495 1,427,096 43,399 

Kentucky 2,147,174 1,858,635 288,539 

Louisiana 1,381,625 1,118,-587 263,038 

Maine 694.466 661,086 33,380 

Maryland 1,190,050 1,042,390 147,660 

Massachusetts 2,805,346 2,238,943 166.403 

Michigan 2,420,982 2,093,889 327,093 

Minnesota 1,751,394 1,301,826 449,568 

Mississippi 1,551,270 1,289,600 261,670 

Missouri 3.106,665 2,679,184 427,481 

Montana 243.329 1.32,159 111.170 

Nebraska 1,068.-539 1.058,910 9.629 

Nevada 42,335 4.5,761 *3.426 

New Hampshire 411,588 376.530 .3.5,058 

New Jersey 1,883,669 1,444.933 438,736 

New Mexico 195,310 1.53,593 41,717 

New York 7.268.012 5,997,853 1.270,159 

North Carolina 1,893,810 1,617,947 275.863 

North Dakota 319,146 182,719 136,427 

Ohio 4,157.545 3,672,316 485,229 

Oklahoma 398.245 61,834 .336,411 

Oregon 413.536 313,767 99,769 

Fennsylvania 6,302,115 5,258,014 1,044,101 

Rhode Island 428,556 345,506 83,050 

South Carolina 1,340.316 1,151.149 189,167 

South Dakota 401.570 328,808 72,762 

Tennessee 2,020,616 1,767,518 253,098 

Texas 3,048,710 2,2.3.5,523 813,187 

Utah 276,749 207,905 68,844 

Vermont 3'43.641 3.32,422 11,219 

Virginia 1,854.184 1,655,980 198,204 

Washington 518,103 .349.390 168,713 

AVest Virginia 958.800 762,794 196,006 

Wisconsin 2,069,042 1.686,880 382,162 

Wyoming 92,5.31 60.705 31,826 

Alaska 63.441 32,052 31.389 

Hawaii 1.54,001 89,990 64,011 

Indian Territory 391,960 180,182 211,778 

76,408,-307 62,784,474 13,623,833 

^Decrease. 



474 U. S. CENST'S. 

Cities Having 2i>,000 Inhabitants and >Iore. 

1900. 

New York, N. Y 3,437,202 

Chicago, 111 1,698,575 

Philadelphia, Pa 1,293,697 

St. Louis, Mo 575,238 

Boston, Mass 560,892 

Baltimore, Md 508,957 

Cleveland, Ohio 381,768 

Buffalo, N. Y 352,387 

San Francisco. Cal 342,782 

Cincinnati, Ohio 325.902 

Pittsburg, Pa 321,616 

New Orleans, La 287,104 

Detroit. Mich 285,704 

Milwaukee, Wis 285,315 

AVashington, D. C 278,718 

Newark, N. J 246,070 

Jersey City, N. J 206,433 

Louisville, Ky 204.731 

Minneapolis, Minn 202,718 

Providence, R. 1 175.597 

Indianapolis, Ind 169,164 

Kansas City, Mo 163,752 

St. Paul, Minn 163,065 

Rochester, N. Y 162,608 

Denver, Col 133,859 

Toledo. Ohio 131,822 

Allegheny, Pa 129.896 

Columbus, Ohio 125.560 

Worcester, Mass 118,421 

Syracuse, N. Y, 108.374 

New Haven. Conn 108,027 

Paterson, N. J 105,171 

Fall River, Mass 104.863 

St. Joseph, Mo 102,979 

Omaha, Neb 102,555 

Los Angeles, Cal 102.479 

Memphis, Tenn 102,320 

Scranton, Pa 102.026 

Lowell, Mass 94.969 

Albany, N. Y 94,151 

Cambridge, Mass 91,886 

Portland, Ore 90,426 

Atlanta. Ga 89,872 

Grand Rapids. Mich 87,565 

Dayton. Ohio 85,333 

Richmond, Va 85.050 

Nashville, Tenn 80,865 

Seattle, Wash 80.671 

Hartford, Conn 79,850 

Reading, Pa 78.961 

Wilmington, Del 76,508 

Camden, N. J 75.935 

Trenton, N. J 73,307 

Bridgeport, Conn 70.996 

Lvnn, Mass 68.513 

Oakland. Cal 66.960 

T^awrence. Mass 62..559 

New Bedford, Mass 62,442 





Inc. 


1890. 


P.C. 


2,492,591 


37.8 


1,099,850 


54.4 


1,046,964 


23.0 


451,770 


27.3 


448,477 


25.0 


434,439 


17.1 


261,353 


46.0 


255,664 


37.8 


298,997 


14.6 


296,908 


9.7 


238,617 


34.7 


242,039 


18.6 


205,876 


:i8.7 


204,468 


39.0 


230,392 


20.9 


181,830 


35.3 


163,003 


26.6 


161,129 


27.0 


164,738 


23.0 


132,146 


32.8 


105,436 


60.4 


132,716 


23.3 


133,156 


22.4 


133,896 


21.4 


106,713 


25.4 


81.434 


61.8 


105,287 


23.3 


88,150 


42.4 


84,655 


39.8 


88,143 


22.9 


81,298 


32.8 


78,347 


34.2 


74.398 


40.9 


52.324 


96.8 


140,452 


*26.9 


50.395 


103.3 


64,495 


58.6 


75,215 


:^5.6 


77,696 


22.2 


94,923 


*0.8 


70,028 


31.2 


46,385 


94.9 


65,533 


37.1 


60,278 


45.2 


61.220 


39.3 


81,388 


4.4 


76,168 


6.1 


42,837 


88.3 


53,230 


50.0 


58,661 


34.6 


61.431 


24.5 


58,313 


30.2 


57.458 


27.5 


48,866 


4.5.2 


55.727 


22.9 


48,682 


37.5 


44.654 


40.0 


40,733 


53.2 



♦Decrease. 



U. S. CENSUS. 475 



1900. 

Des Moines, Iowa 62,139 

Springfield, Mass 62,059 

Somerville. Mass 61,643 

Trov, NY 60,651 

Hoboken, N. J 59,364 

E vansville, Ind 59,007 

rvlancliester, N. H 56,987 

rtica, N. y 56,383 

Peoria, 111 56,100 

Charleston. S. C 55.807 

Savannah, Ga 54,244 

Salt Lake City. I'tah 53,531 

San Antonio, Tex 53,321 

Duluth. Minn 52,969 

Erie, Pa 52,733 

Elizabeth, N. J 52,130 

Wilkesbarre, Pa 51,721 

Kansas City, Kan 51.418 

Harrisburg, Pa 50,167 

Portland, Me 50.145 

Yonkers, N. Y 47,931 

Norfolk. Va 46,624 

Waterburv. Conn 45,859 

Holyoke, Mass 45,712 

Fort Wayne, Ind 45,115 

Youngstown. Ohio 44,885 

Houston, Tex 44,633 

Covington, Ky 42,938 

Akron, Ohio 42,728 

Dallas, Tex 42,638 

Saginaw, Mich 42,.345 

I-ancaster. Pa 41,459 

Lincoln, Neb 40,169 

Brockton. Mass 40,063 

Binghamton. N. Y 39,647 

Augusta, Ga 39,441 

Pawtucket. R. 1 39,231 

Altoona, Pa 38,973 

Wheeling. W. Va 38,878 

Mobile, Ala 38,469 

Birmingham, Ala .38.415 

Little Rock, Ark .38,307 

Springfield, Ohio 38,253 

Galveston. Tex 37.789 

Tacoma. Wash 37,714 

Haverhill. Mass 37.175 

Spokane, Wash 36.848 

Terre Haute, Ind 36,673 

Dubuque. Iowa .36,297 

Quincv, 111 .36.252 

South Bend. Ind ,35,999 

Salem, Mass 35,956 

.Tobnstown. Pa 35,936 

Elmira. N. Y 35.672 

Allentown, Pa ,35,416 

Davenport, Iowa 35.254 

McKeesport. Pa .34,227 

Springfield. Ill 34,159 

Chelsea, Mass 34,072 

Chester, Pa 33,988 

♦Decrease. 





Inc. 


1890. 


P.C. 


50,093 


24.0 


44,179 


40.4 


40,152 


53.5 


60,956 


*0.b 


43,648 


36.0 


50,756 


16.2 


44,126 


29.1 


44,007 


28.1 


41,024 


36.7 


54,955 


1.5 


43,189 


25.5 


44,843 


19.3 


37,673 


4L5 


33,115 


59.9 


40,634 


29.7 


37,764 


38.0 


37,718 


37.1 


38,316 


34.1 


39,385 


27.3 


36,425 


37.6 


32,033 


49.6 


34,871 


33.7 


28,646 


60.0 


35,637 


28.2 


35,393 


27.4 


33,220 


35.1 


27.557 


SI. 9 


37,371 


14.8 


27.601 


54.8 


38,067 


12.0 


46,322 


*8.5 


32,011 


29.5 


55,154 


*27.1 


27,294 


46.7 


35,005 


13.2 


33,300 


18.4 


27,633 


41.9 


30,337 


28.4 


34,522 


12.6 


31,076 


23.7 


26.178 


46.7 


25,874 


48.0 


31.895 


19.9 


29,084 


29.9 


36,006 


4.7 


27,412 


35.6 


19,922 


84.9 


30.217 


21.3 


30,311 


19.7 


31,494 


1.5.1 


21,819 


64.9 


30.801 


16.7 


21,805 


64.8 


30,893 


1.5.4 


25,228 


40.3 


26,872 


.31.1 


20,741 


65.0 


24,963 


.36.8 


27,909 


22.0 


20,226 


68.0 



476 U. S. CENSUS. 



1900. 

York, Pa 33,708 

Maiden, Mass 33.664 

Topeka, Kan 33,608 

Newton, Mass 33,587 

Sioux City, Iowa 3.3,111 

Bayonne, N. J 32,722 

Knoxville, Tenn 32,637 

Chattanooga, Tenn 32,490 

Schenectady. N. Y 31,682 

Fitchburg. Mass 31,531 

Superior, Wis 31,091 

Rockford, 111 31,051 

Taunton, Mass 31,036 

Canton, Ohio 30,667 

Butte. Mont 30,470 

Montgomery, Ala 30,346 

Auburn, N. Y 30.345 

East St. Louis, 111 29,655 

Joliet, 111 29,353 

Sacramento, Cal 29,282 

Racine, Wis 29,102 

La Crosse, Wis 28,895 

Williamsport, Pa 28,757 

Jacksonville, Fla 28,429 

Newcastle, Pa 28,339 

Newport, Ky 28,301 

Oshkosh. Wis 28,284 

Woonsocket, R. 1 28.204 

Pueblo. Col 28.157 

Atlantic City, N. J 27.838 

Passaic, N. J 27,777 

Bay City, Mich 27.628 

Fort Worth, Tex 26,688 

Lexington, Ky 26,369 

Gloucester, Mass 26,121 

South Omaha, Neb 26,001 

New Britain. Conn 25,998 

Council Bluffs, Iowa 25,802 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 25,656 

Easton, Pa 25.238 

Jackson, Mich 25,180 

*Decrease. 





Inc. 


890. 


P.C. 


20,793 


62.1 


23,031 


46.1 


31,007 


8.3 


24 ,.379 


37.7 


37,806 


*12.4 


19,033 


71.9 


22,535 


44.8 


29,100 


11.6 


19,902 


59.1 


22,037 


43.0 


11,983 


159.4 


23,584 


31.6 


25,448 


21.9 


26,189 


17.0 


10,723 


184.1 


21,883 


38.6 


25,858 


17.3 


15,169 


95.4 


23.264 


26.1 


26,386 


1.0.9 


21,014 


.38.4 


25,090 


15.1 


27,132 


5.9 


17,201 


65.2 


11,600 


144.3 


24,918 


13.0 


22,836 


23.8 


20,830 


35.4 


24,558 


14.6 


13,055 


113.2 


13,028 


113.2 


27,839 


*0.7 


23,076 


15.6 


21,567 


22.2 


24,6.51 


5.9 


8.062 


222.5 


16,519 


57.3 


16.519 


57.3 


18,020 


42.3 


14.481 


74.2 


20.798 


21.0 



CONGRESSIONAL APPORTIONMENT. 477 

NEW CONGRESS APPORTIONMENT LAW. 

(To take effect March 4, 1903.) 



According- to this law the number of Representatives to 
which each State is entitled is as follows: 

New 
Previous Electoral 

Rep. Inc. College. 

Alabama 9 9 — 11 

Arkansas 7 6 1 9 

California 8 7 1 10 

Colorado 3 2 1 B 

Connecticut 5 4 1 7 

Delaware 1 1 — 3 

Florida 3 2 1 5 

Georgia 11 11 — 13 

Idaho 1 1 — 3 

Illinois 25 22 3 27 

Indiana 13 13 — 15 

Iowa 11 11 — 13 

Kansas S 8 — 10 

Kentucky 11 11 — 13 

Louisiana 7 6 1 9 

Maine 4 4 — 6 

Maryland 6 6 — 8 

Massachusetts 14 13 1 16 

Michigan 12 12 — ]4 

Minnesota 9 7 2 11 

Mississippi 8 7 1 10 

Missouri 16 15 1 IS 

Montana 1 1 — 3 

Nebraska 6 6 — 8 

Nevada 1 1 — 3 

New Hampshire 2 2 — 4 

New Jersey 10 8 2 12 

New York 37 34 3 39 

North Carolina 10 9 1 12 

North Dakota 2 1 14 

Ohio 21 21 — 23 

Oregon 2 2 — 4 

Pennsylvania 32 30 2 24 

Rhode Island 2 2—4 

South Carolina 7 7—9 

South Dakota 2 2—4 

Tennessee 10 10 — 12 

Texas 36 13 3 IS 

Utah 1 1 — 3 

Vermont 2 2 — 4 

Virginia 10 10 — 12 

Washington 3 2 1 5 

West Virginia 5 4 1 7 

AVisconsin 11 10 1 13 

Wyoming 1 1 — 3 

Total 386 357 29 476 

The previous Electoral College contained 447 votes. 



478 LEGTST.ATIVE OPM'^K'ERS. 

ORGANIZATION 

OF TIIK 

One Hundred and Twenty=Fifth Legislature. 



SENATE OFFICERS. 

President— Mahlon Pitney, Morris. 

President's Private Secretary— King S. Oram, Morris. 

Secretary— Walter E. E]dge, Atlantic. 

Assistant Secretary— J. Frank Lindsley, Morris. 

Journal Clerk— Robert A. Waterbury, Union. 

Assistant Journal Clerk— William H. Fischer, Ocean. 

Serg-eant-at-Arms — John T. Garwood, Salem. 

Assistant Sergeant-at- Arms— Arthur Bedell, Camden. 

Supervisor of Bills— Jesse R. Salmon, Essex. 

Assistant Supervisor of Bills— James Shoemaker. Cape 
May. 

Bill Clerk— Louis T. Reed, Somerset. 

Calendar Clerk— Robert E. Bustard, Passaic. 

Doorkeepers— Jere Corson, Cumberland; John Denn, 
Cumberland; Charles Lynch, Bvirlington; Samuel Schul- 
theis, Middlesex; Ellwood S. Adams, Gloucester; William 
Joynes, Mercer; Lawrence Rhoades, Camden. 



ASSEMBLY OFFICERS. 

Speaker— William J. Bradley, Camden. 

Speaker's Private Secretary— Upton S. Jeffreys, Camden. 

Speaker's Assistant Private Secretary— Charles Leder- 
man, Camden. 

Clerk— James Parker, Passaic. 

Assistant Clerk— George E. Poole, Morris. 

Journal Clerk— George J. Coe, Union. 

Assistant Journal Clerk— William J. Kammerer, Passaic. 

Supervisor of Bills— Charles H. Folwell, Burlington. 

Assistant Supervisors of Bills— George A. Grover, Essex; 
Solomon H. Rogers, Mercer. 

Sergeant-at- Arms— Frank Tantum, Monmouth. 

First Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms— David O. Park, Ocean. 

Second Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms— J. Francis Barring- 
ton, Somerset. 

Bill Clerk— George P. Powell, Essex. 

Assistant Bill Clerk— William H. Cole, Camden. 

Assistant to Clerk of the House— Christopher O'Brien, 
Passaic. 

Gallery Keepers— Brice P. Walling, Sussex: Erwin T. 
West, Essex; Howard P. Shaner, Atlantic; George Hig- 
gins, Camden. 

Doorkeepers— Edward McClintock. John C. Bacheller, 
Charles Dussing, Charles P. Schmidt, John P. Arnold, 
Charles D. Reese, George Jordan, Charles A. Schaeffer, 
Richard A. Peltier, Albert Ottinger, William Peacock, W. 
Scott Homan. 



LEGISLATIVE COMMITTEES 479 

STANDING COMMITTKES. 

SENATE. 

Agriculture— Hutchinson, Stanger, Gebharclt. 
Appropriations— Stokes, Hutchinson, Cross, Cornish. 
Banks and Insurance— Johnson. McCarter, Strong. 
Boroughs and Townships— Reed, Hand, Martin. 
Clergy— Francis. Hutchinson, Martin. 
Corporations— Stokes. McKee. Gebhardt. 
Education— Francis, Evans, Martin. 
Elections— Cross, Johnson. Cornish. 
Finance— Evans, Francis, Hudspeth. 
Game and Fisheries— Stanger. Francis, McKee. 
Judiciary— Reed, McCarter. Martin. 
Labor and Industries— Smith, Johnson, Cornish. 
Militia— Haines, Hand. Strong. 

Miscellaneous Business— McKee, Stokes. Hudspeth. 
Municipal Corporations— McCarter. Johnson. Strong. 
Printed Bills— Stanger, Hutchinson. Cornish. 
Public Health— "Wakelee, Haines, Gebhardt. 
Railroads and Canals— Miller, TN'akelee, Cornish. 
Revision of Laws— Cross, Reed. Hudspeth. 
Riparian Rights- Hand, Smith, Hudspeth. 
Stationery and Incidental Expenses— Hutchinson, Fran- 
cis. Stokes. 
Unfinished Business— Strong, Wakelee, Haines. 

HOUSE. 

Agriculture— Gill, Fleming, Wright, Hoagland, Smith 
(J. B.). 

Appropriations— Lewis, Bacheller, Foote, Tillotson, Black- 
well. 

Bank and Insurance— Moore, Gill, Gnichtel, Snvder, Ab- 
bett. 

Bill Revision— Meeker, Garrison, Davidson. Bacheller, 
Tennant. 

Boroughs and Borough Commissions— Buck, Cresse, Mer- 
cer, "\MHiams, Vollers. 

Claims and Revolutionary Pensions— Abbott, Steelman. 
Groves, Davidson, Fallon. 

Corporations— Steelman, Smith (C. M.), Williams, Abbott. 
Blackwell. 

Education — Garrison, Gnichtel, Tillotson, Davidson, 
White. 

Elections— Lyon, Garrabrants, Blohm, Mercer, Lutz. 

Game and Fisheries— Blohm, Hyres, Meeker, Brown, Ab- 
bett. 

Incidental Expenses— Snyder, Garrabrants, Waite, White- 
head. Stilwell. 

Judiciary— Lewis, Lyon, Snyder, Boyd, Marks. 

Labor and Industries— Montgomerv, Moore, Fleming. 
Howe, Vollers. 

Militia— Carr, Lord. Keasler. Page, Brock. 

Miscellaneous Business— Stalter, Buck, Whitehead, Cum- 
mings. Rice. 

Municipal Corpo